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orthorexia nervosa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889495/health-status-physical-activity-and-orthorexia-nervosa-a-comparison-between-exercise-science-students-and-business-students
#1
Julia Malmborg, Ann Bremander, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman
Orthorexia nervosa is described as an exaggerated fixation on healthy food. It is unclear whether students in health-oriented academic programs, highly focused on physical exercise, are more prone to develop orthorexia nervosa than students in other educational areas. The aim was to compare health status, physical activity, and frequency of orthorexia nervosa between university students enrolled in an exercise science program (n = 118) or a business program (n = 89). The students completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and ORTO-15, which defines orthorexia nervosa as a sensitive and obsessive behavior towards healthy nutrition...
November 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778196/orthorexic-eating-behaviour-as-a-coping-strategy-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Friederike Barthels, Frank Meyer, Thomas Huber, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa is defined as the fixation on health-conscious eating behaviour and has recently been discussed as a new variant of disordered eating. The aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic eating behaviour in an inpatient treatment sample of female anorexics to investigate the relation between anorexic and orthorexic eating behaviour. METHOD: Female anorexic patients with low (n = 29) and pronounced (n = 13) orthorexic eating behaviour as well as a matched control group composed of healthy females (n = 30) were compared with regard to several aspects of disordered eating, hypochondriacal traits, food consumption frequency and fulfilment of basic psychological needs in terms of eating...
October 24, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761853/prevalence-and-predictors-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-german-students-using-the-21-item-dos
#3
Julia Depa, Jenny Schweizer, Sandra-Kristin Bekers, Carolin Hilzendegen, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes the constant pathological preoccupation with "healthy" nutrition. The current results regarding the prevalence of ON differ widely possibly because of invalid measurement tools. This study aimed to investigate ON prevalence in a sample of German students and to examine age, gender, semester, and nutritional knowledge as potential predictors of ON by comparing nutrition science (NS) with economics (ES) students. METHODS: A total of 446 university students participated in the survey (NS 188, ES 268)...
October 19, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756637/orthorexia-nervosa-assessment-and-correlates-with-gender-bmi-and-personality
#4
Crystal D Oberle, Razieh O Samaghabadi, Elizabeth M Hughes
This study investigated whether orthorexia nervosa (ON; characterized by an obsessive fixation on eating healthy) may be predicted from the demographics variables of gender and BMI, and from the personality variables of self-esteem, narcissism, and perfectionism. Participants were 459 college students, who completed several online questionnaires that assessed these variables. A principal components analysis confirmed that the Eating Habits Questionnaire (Gleaves, Graham, & Ambwani, 2013) assesses three internally-consistent ON components: healthy eating behaviors, problems resulting from those behaviors, and positive feelings associated with those behaviors...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556109/nonspecific-eating-disorders-a-subjective-review
#5
REVIEW
Aneta Michalska, Natalia Szejko, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Marcin Wojnar
AIM: The aim of this paper was to characterise nonspecific eating disorders (other than anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa). METHOD: The Medline database was searched for articles on nonspecific eating disorders. The following disorders were described: binge eating disorder (BED), pica, rumination disorder, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, night eating syndrome (NES), sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), bigorexia, orthorexia, focusing on diagnosis, symptoms, assessment, comorbidities, clinical implications and treatment...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497695/orthorexia-nervosa-by-proxy
#6
Massimo Cuzzolaro, Lorenzo M Donini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462158/historical-evolution-of-the-concept-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-relationships-with-orthorexia-nervosa-autism-and-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum
#7
REVIEW
Liliana Dell'Osso, Marianna Abelli, Barbara Carpita, Stefano Pini, Giovanni Castellini, Claudia Carmassi, Valdo Ricca
Eating disorders have been defined as "characterized by persistence disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that results in the altered consumption or absorption of food and that significantly impairs health or psychosocial functioning". The psychopathology of eating disorders changed across time under the influence of environmental factors, determining the emergence of new phenotypes. Some of these conditions are still under investigation and are not clearly identified as independent diagnostic entities...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401768/we-need-new-tools-to-assess-orthorexia-nervosa-a-commentary-on-prevalence-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-college-students-based-on-bratman-s-test-and-associated-tendencies
#8
Benjamin Missbach, Thomas M Dunn, Jürgen S König
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397727/organivore-or-organorexic-examining-the-relationship-between-alternative-food-network-engagement-disordered-eating-and-special-diets
#9
Michaela J Barnett, Weston R Dripps, Kerstin K Blomquist
The alternative food network (AFN) refers to connections between consumers, producers, and sellers of organic, local/regional, "sustainably grown," and other artisanal and niche food not produced by the conventional system (Goodman & Goodman, 2007). Alternative foods are often viewed as the "right" consumption choice while conventional counterparts are positioned as ethically "wrong." A moral positioning of food, avoidance of certain food groups, and anxiety elicited by food consumption choices bears similarities to disordered eating behaviors (Hesse-Biber, Leavy, Quinn, & Zoino, 2006), including a newly proposed eating syndrome, orthorexia nervosa (ON; Vandereycken, 2011; Zamora, Bonaechea, Sánchez, & Rial, 2005)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314473/the-assessment-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-1899-polish-adolescents-using-the-orto-15-questionnaire
#10
Joanna Hyrnik, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik, Martyna Stochel, Ireneusz Jelonek, Andrzej Siwiec, Janusz K Rybakowski
OBJECTIVE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is considered an eating disorder (ED), with an excessive fixation on the consumption of healthy food and an obsession with its biological purity. Since the adolescent period poses a risk for EDs, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ON in a population of Polish urban adolescents and some possible contributory factors. METHOD: 1899 high school students, 992 girls and 907 boys aged 15-21 years were studied. Demographic and clinical data were collected using a validated questionnaire including information on preferred living choices, in the context of pro- and antihealth activities...
September 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299484/-malnutrition-due-to-an-extremely-healthy-diet-a-new-eating-disorder
#11
K Nauta, K Toxopeus, E M W Eekhoff
A 71-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with heart failure, cachexia and biochemical disturbances due to a diet consisting of exclusively vegetables, oil and water. Our investigations showed that this diet was a consequence of an excessive preoccupation with health. The patient did not meet criteria for an eating disorder or other DSM-IV psychiatric disorder. We conclude that malnutrition due to health fad diets may be an underestimated medical problem. There is no specific psychopathological disorder that covers this behaviour, and there is no knowledge of its epidemiology...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186373/erratum-to-orthorexia-nervosa-and-self-attitudinal-aspects-of-body-image-in-female-and-male-university-students
#12
Anna Brytek-Matera, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Magdalena Krupa, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Phillipa Hay
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40337-015-0038-2.].
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068175/the-interrelationship-between-orthorexia-nervosa-perfectionism-body-image-and-attachment-style
#13
Marta A Barnes, Marie L Caltabiano
PURPOSE: We investigated whether perfectionism, body image, attachment style, and self-esteem are predictors of orthorexia nervosa. METHODS: A cohort of 220 participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire consisting of five measures: ORTO-15, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scale (MBSRQ-AS), the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ), and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)...
April 11, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979290/does-the-rise-in-eating-disorders-lead-to-increasing-risk-of-orthorexia-nervosa-correlations-with-gender-education-and-body-mass-index
#14
Nevin Sanlier, Emine Yassibas, Saniye Bilici, Gulsah Sahin, Bülent Celik
Investigating eating disorders and orthorexia nervosa, especially in the young population, is an important step in taking protective precautions and identifying disease. This study was carried out to determine the relationship of eating disorders and orthorexia nervosa to gender, BMI, and field of study in a population of university students in Turkey. In all, 900 university students aged 17-23 years participated in this study. EAT-40 and ORTO-15, which are validated instruments for the screening of participants with anormal eating behaviors and orthorexia nervosa, respectively, were used...
May 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923745/prevalence-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-college-students-based-on-bratman-s-test-and-associated-tendencies
#15
Joanna Bundros, Dawn Clifford, Kathryn Silliman, Michelle Neyman Morris
Disordered eating is prevalent among college student populations, and Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is being explored as a new type of eating disorder. There is currently no standardized ON diagnostic tool, and the majority of ON research has been conducted among European populations. The present study explored the Bratman Orthorexia Test (BOT) for ON diagnosis, and its relationship to validated tools for assessing disordered eating, body dysmorphic, and obsessive-compulsive tendencies among college students attending a western university...
June 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902744/prevalence-of-orthorexia-nervosa-is-less-than-1%C3%A2-data-from-a-us-sample
#16
Thomas M Dunn, Josh Gibbs, Noelle Whitney, Amy Starosta
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa, or pathological dieting based on being "healthy," has been of growing interest. Clinical data are limited to less than a half-dozen case studies reporting instances of medical problems due to healthful eating. However, more than a dozen studies using a measure to identify orthorexia, the ORTO-15, report very high prevalence rates in non-clinical samples. Point prevalence rates are reported from 6 % to nearly 90 %. Such variability could be due to cultural issues or psychometric problems with the instrument...
February 22, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26724459/on-orthorexia-nervosa-a-review-of-the-literature-and-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#17
REVIEW
Thomas M Dunn, Steven Bratman
There has been a growing interest among clinicians and researchers about a condition where people restrict their diet based not on quantity of food they consume, but based on its quality. Bratman (1997) coined the term "orthorexia nervosa" to describe people whose extreme diets - intended for health reasons - are in fact leading to malnutrition and/or impairment of daily functioning. There has also recently been intense media interest in people whose highly restrictive "healthy" diet leads to disordered eating...
April 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472110/predictors-of-orthorexic-behaviours-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-a-preliminary-study
#18
Anna Brytek-Matera, Radosław Rogoza, Carla Gramaglia, Patrizia Zeppegno
BACKGROUND: The construct of orthorexia in eating disorders (EDs) has received very little attention despite clinical observations of a possible overlap between the two. The aim of this study was: 1) to assess orthorexic behaviours, eating disorder pathology and attitudinal body image in ED patients; 2) to identify possible predictors of orthorexia nervosa among ED patients. METHODS: Fifty-two women diagnosed with EDs were recruited. Patients' assessment included the following: the ORTO-15 test (Polish version) for orthorexic behaviours; the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) to identify ED symptoms; the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (Polish version) to assess body image...
October 15, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26282866/orthorexia-nervosa-an-integrative-literature-review-of-a-lifestyle-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Linn Håman, Natalie Barker-Ruchti, Göran Patriksson, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Bratman first proposed orthorexia nervosa in the late 1990s, defining it an obsession with eating healthy food to achieve, for instance, improved health. Today, in the Swedish media, excessive exercising plays a central role in relation to orthorexia. A few review articles on orthorexia have been conducted; however, these have not focused on aspects of food and eating, sport, exercise, or a societal perspective. The overall aim of this study was to provide an overview and synthesis of what philosophies of science approaches form the current academic framework of orthorexia...
2015: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26280449/when-eating-right-is-measured-wrong-a-validation-and-critical-examination-of-the-orto-15-questionnaire-in-german
#20
Benjamin Missbach, Barbara Hinterbuchinger, Verena Dreiseitl, Silvia Zellhofer, Carina Kurz, Jürgen König
The characteristic trait of individuals developing a pathological obsession and preoccupation with healthy foods and a restrictive and avoidant eating behavior is described as orthorexia nervosa (ON). For ON, neither universal diagnosis criteria nor valid tools for large-scale epidemiologic assessment are available in the literature. The aim of the current study is to analyze the psychometric properties of a translated German version of the ORTO-15 questionnaire. The German version of the ORTO-15, a eating behavior and dieting habits questionnaire were completed by 1029 German-speaking participants (74...
2015: PloS One
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