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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929989/measuring-orthorexia-nervosa-psychometric-limitations-of-the-orto-15
#1
María Roncero, Juan Ramón Barrada, Conxa Perpiñá
Orthorexia nervosa has recently been defined as excessive preoccupation with healthy eating, causing significant nutritional deficiencies and social and personal impairments. The ORTO-15 is the most widely used instrument to evaluate orthorexia nervosa, although previous studies obtained inconsistent results about its psychometric properties, and there are no data on the Spanish version. Thus, the main objective of the present study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of the ORTO-15...
September 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884261/the-connection-between-exercise-addiction-and-orthorexia-nervosa-in-german-fitness-sports
#2
Sabrina Rudolph
PURPOSE: The combination of physical activity and healthy eating habits has potentially positive effects on health. However, both practices can also lead to pathological behaviors such as exercise addiction (EA) and orthorexia nervosa (ON), thus generating negative effects. So far, studies analyzing the connection between these two phenomena cannot be found. The current paper is aiming to close this gap. METHODS: The sample (n = 1.008) consisted of 559 male and 449 female active members of three fitness studios, and was analyzed in a cross-sectional study design...
September 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852502/the-stigma-of-clean-dieting-and-orthorexia-nervosa
#3
Suzanne M Nevin, Lenny R Vartanian
BACKGROUND: Although the stigma of eating disorders such as anorexia has been well established, little is known about the social consequences of "clean dieting" and orthorexia nervosa. In two studies, we examined the social stigma of clean dieting and orthorexia. METHOD: In Study 1, participants read a vignette describing a woman following a "clean" diet, a woman with anorexia, or a control target (minimal information about the individual). In Study 2, participants read a vignette describing a woman with orthorexia, a woman displaying identical orthorexic behaviors but without the orthorexia label, a woman with anorexia, or a control target...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840493/orthorexia-nervosa-relationship-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-disordered-eating-patterns-and-body-uneasiness-among-italian-university-students
#4
Anna Brytek-Matera, Maria Luisa Fonte, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Hellas Cena
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between ORTO-15 score and obsessive-compulsive symptoms, disordered eating patterns and body uneasiness among female and male university students and to examine the predictive model of ORTO-15 in both groups. METHODS: One hundred and twenty students participated in the present study (mean age 22.74 years, SD 7.31). The ORTO-15 test, the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Questionnaire, the Eating Attitudes Test-26 and the Body Uneasiness Test were used for the present study...
August 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826371/-if-it-s-not-iron-it-s-iron-f-cking-biggest-ironman-personal-trainers-s-views-on-health-norms-orthorexia-and-deviant-behaviours
#5
Linn Håman, Eva-Carin Lindgren, Hillevi Prell
Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes a pathological obsession with healthy eating to avoid ill health. In the Swedish context, ON is also understood in terms of unhealthy exercise. Fitness gyms are popular health-promoting places, but exercise-related problems, disordered eating and ON-like behaviour are increasing. Personal trainers (PTs) play an important role in detecting unhealthy behaviours. The aim of the present study was to illuminate PTs' understandings of healthy and unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours in relation to orthorexia nervosa in a fitness gym context...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624376/orthorexia-nervosa-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-in-the-united-states
#6
Kaylee Tremelling, Lona Sandon, Gloria L Vega, Carrie J McAdams
BACKGROUND: Registered dietitian nutritionists are trained to identify optimal food choices for clients based on medical state and lifestyle. Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is a proposed disorder related to obsessions about eating healthfully. Eating disorders (EDs) are serious mental illnesses with symptoms related to eating, body image, and self-esteem. Both ON and EDs are more common among RDNs than the general population. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of ON and EDs in RDNs in the United States and, among this sample, assessed whether the presence of ON symptoms related to symptoms of EDs, including weight, shape, eating, and restraint...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370208/attitudes-toward-orthorexia-nervosa-relative-to-dsm-5-eating-disorders
#7
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
OBJECTIVE: A pattern of disordered eating involving a pathological fixation with healthy food consumption, labeled orthorexia nervosa (ON), has recently generated attention; however, research has not yet investigated perceptions of ON-related behaviors. This study examined potential stigmatization of ON, compared with DSM-5 ED diagnoses. METHOD: Participants (N = 505) were randomly assigned to read a vignette depicting a woman with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), or ON...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251592/instagram-use-is-linked-to-increased-symptoms-of-orthorexia-nervosa
#8
Pixie G Turner, Carmen E Lefevre
PURPOSE: Social media use is ever increasing amongst young adults and has previously been shown to have negative effects on body image, depression, social comparison, and disordered eating. One eating disorder of interest in this context is orthorexia nervosa, an obsession with eating healthily. High orthorexia nervosa prevalence has been found in populations who take an active interest in their health and body and is frequently comorbid with anorexia nervosa. Here, we investigate links between social media use, in particularly Instagram and orthorexia nervosa symptoms...
June 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222705/orthorexia-and-anorexia-nervosa-two-distinct-phenomena-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-orthorexic-behaviours-in-clinical-and-non-clinical-samples
#9
C Gramaglia, A Brytek-Matera, R Rogoza, P Zeppegno
BACKGROUND: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is defined as pathological healthful eating. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, and in different cultural contexts. . METHODS: Recruitment involved both female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls (HC) from Italy and Poland (N = 23 and N = 35 AN patients; and N = 39 and N = 39 HCs, in Italy and Poland, respectively)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188597/orthorexia-nervosa-moving-forward-in-the-field
#10
EDITORIAL
Benjamin Missbach, Friederike Barthels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889495/health-status-physical-activity-and-orthorexia-nervosa-a-comparison-between-exercise-science-students-and-business-students
#11
Julia Malmborg, Ann Bremander, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman
Orthorexia nervosa is described as an exaggerated fixation on healthy food. It is unclear whether students in health-oriented academic programs, highly focused on physical exercise, are more prone to develop orthorexia nervosa than students in other educational areas. The aim was to compare health status, physical activity, and frequency of orthorexia nervosa between university students enrolled in an exercise science program (n = 118) or a business program (n = 89). The students completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and ORTO-15, which defines orthorexia nervosa as a sensitive and obsessive behavior towards healthy nutrition...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778196/orthorexic-eating-behaviour-as-a-coping-strategy-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Friederike Barthels, Frank Meyer, Thomas Huber, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa is defined as the fixation on health-conscious eating behaviour and has recently been discussed as a new variant of disordered eating. The aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic eating behaviour in an inpatient treatment sample of female anorexics to investigate the relation between anorexic and orthorexic eating behaviour. METHOD: Female anorexic patients with low (n = 29) and pronounced (n = 13) orthorexic eating behaviour as well as a matched control group composed of healthy females (n = 30) were compared with regard to several aspects of disordered eating, hypochondriacal traits, food consumption frequency and fulfilment of basic psychological needs in terms of eating...
June 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761853/prevalence-and-predictors-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-german-students-using-the-21-item-dos
#13
Julia Depa, Jenny Schweizer, Sandra-Kristin Bekers, Carolin Hilzendegen, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes the constant pathological preoccupation with "healthy" nutrition. The current results regarding the prevalence of ON differ widely possibly because of invalid measurement tools. This study aimed to investigate ON prevalence in a sample of German students and to examine age, gender, semester, and nutritional knowledge as potential predictors of ON by comparing nutrition science (NS) with economics (ES) students. METHODS: A total of 446 university students participated in the survey (NS 188, ES 268)...
March 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756637/orthorexia-nervosa-assessment-and-correlates-with-gender-bmi-and-personality
#14
Crystal D Oberle, Razieh O Samaghabadi, Elizabeth M Hughes
This study investigated whether orthorexia nervosa (ON; characterized by an obsessive fixation on eating healthy) may be predicted from the demographics variables of gender and BMI, and from the personality variables of self-esteem, narcissism, and perfectionism. Participants were 459 college students, who completed several online questionnaires that assessed these variables. A principal components analysis confirmed that the Eating Habits Questionnaire (Gleaves, Graham, & Ambwani, 2013) assesses three internally-consistent ON components: healthy eating behaviors, problems resulting from those behaviors, and positive feelings associated with those behaviors...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556109/nonspecific-eating-disorders-a-subjective-review
#15
REVIEW
Aneta Michalska, Natalia Szejko, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Marcin Wojnar
AIM: The aim of this paper was to characterise nonspecific eating disorders (other than anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa). METHOD: The Medline database was searched for articles on nonspecific eating disorders. The following disorders were described: binge eating disorder (BED), pica, rumination disorder, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, night eating syndrome (NES), sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), bigorexia, orthorexia, focusing on diagnosis, symptoms, assessment, comorbidities, clinical implications and treatment...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497695/orthorexia-nervosa-by-proxy
#16
EDITORIAL
Massimo Cuzzolaro, Lorenzo M Donini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462158/historical-evolution-of-the-concept-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-relationships-with-orthorexia-nervosa-autism-and-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum
#17
REVIEW
Liliana Dell'Osso, Marianna Abelli, Barbara Carpita, Stefano Pini, Giovanni Castellini, Claudia Carmassi, Valdo Ricca
Eating disorders have been defined as "characterized by persistence disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that results in the altered consumption or absorption of food and that significantly impairs health or psychosocial functioning". The psychopathology of eating disorders changed across time under the influence of environmental factors, determining the emergence of new phenotypes. Some of these conditions are still under investigation and are not clearly identified as independent diagnostic entities...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401768/we-need-new-tools-to-assess-orthorexia-nervosa-a-commentary-on-prevalence-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-college-students-based-on-bratman-s-test-and-associated-tendencies
#18
Benjamin Missbach, Thomas M Dunn, Jürgen S König
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397727/organivore-or-organorexic-examining-the-relationship-between-alternative-food-network-engagement-disordered-eating-and-special-diets
#19
Michaela J Barnett, Weston R Dripps, Kerstin K Blomquist
The alternative food network (AFN) refers to connections between consumers, producers, and sellers of organic, local/regional, "sustainably grown," and other artisanal and niche food not produced by the conventional system (Goodman & Goodman, 2007). Alternative foods are often viewed as the "right" consumption choice while conventional counterparts are positioned as ethically "wrong." A moral positioning of food, avoidance of certain food groups, and anxiety elicited by food consumption choices bears similarities to disordered eating behaviors (Hesse-Biber, Leavy, Quinn, & Zoino, 2006), including a newly proposed eating syndrome, orthorexia nervosa (ON; Vandereycken, 2011; Zamora, Bonaechea, Sánchez, & Rial, 2005)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314473/the-assessment-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-1899-polish-adolescents-using-the-orto-15-questionnaire
#20
Joanna Hyrnik, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik, Martyna Stochel, Ireneusz Jelonek, Andrzej Siwiec, Janusz K Rybakowski
OBJECTIVE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is considered an eating disorder (ED), with an excessive fixation on the consumption of healthy food and an obsession with its biological purity. Since the adolescent period poses a risk for EDs, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ON in a population of Polish urban adolescents and some possible contributory factors. METHOD: 1899 high school students, 992 girls and 907 boys aged 15-21 years were studied. Demographic and clinical data were collected using a validated questionnaire including information on preferred living choices, in the context of pro- and antihealth activities...
September 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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