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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#1
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810850/variations-in-diabetes-remission-rates-after-bariatric-surgery-in-spanish-adults-according-to-the-use-of-different-diagnostic-criteria-for-diabetes
#2
María R Alhambra-Expósito, María J Molina-Puerta, María I Prior-Sánchez, Gregorio Manzano-García, Alfonso Calañas-Continente, María A Gálvez-Moreno
BACKGROUND: There are multiple criteria to define remission of type 2 diabetes (DM2) after bariatric surgery but there is not a specific one widely accepted. Our objectives were to compare diagnostic criteria for DM2 remission after bariatric surgery: Criteria from Spanish scientific associations (SEEN/SEEDO/SED) and from the American Diabetes Association (ADA). We also aim to analyse the degree of correlation between these sets of criteria. METHODS: Retrospective observational study in 127 patients undergoing bariatric surgery in a single centre (Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain) between January 2001 and December 2009...
August 15, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810088/the-impact-of-maternal-diabetes-obesity-and-race-on-infant-birth-weights-in-south-dakota
#3
Kari L Halvorson, H Bruce Vogt, Lon Kightlinger, Dennis Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity, high gestational weight gain and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are known risk factors that correlate with high infant birth weight and the mother's race. Previous studies have focused on low birth weight, prematurity and infant mortality. This study examined the interaction between race, maternal risk factors and high infant birth weights at the population level in South Dakota to identify factors contributing to the high Native American infant birth weights...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808665/hla-class-ii-allele-haplotype-and-genotype-associations-with-type-1-diabetes-in-benin-a-pilot-study
#4
Kaossarath A Fagbemi, Thierry C Marc Medehouenou, Simon Azonbakin, Marius Adjagba, Razack Osseni, Jocelyne Ahoueya, Arnaud Agbanlinsou, Raphael Darboux, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Anatole Laleye
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the implication of HLA-DR/DQ loci in the susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D). Since no such study has yet been performed in Benin, this pilot one aimed at assessing HLA class II allele, haplotype, and genotype associations with T1D. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Class II HLA genotyping was performed in 51 patients with T1D and 51 healthy unrelated controls by means of the PCR-SSP method. The diagnosis of T1D was set up according to American Diabetes Association criteria...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807726/the-value-of-venous-blood-gas-analysis-in-the-diagnosis-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#5
Jawad Ibrahim Rasheed, Manal Khudder Abdul Razak, Ahmed Amer Abdul Hussein
BACKGROUND & AIM: Newer blood gas analyzers have the ability to report electrolyte values and glucose in addition to pH, so this diagnostic process could be condensed in diagnosing diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We aimed to assess the accuracy of the venous blood gas (VBG) analysis with electrolytes for diagnosing DKA. METHODS: This study prospectively identified a convenience sample of (60 patients) presented with DKA and tested their VBG and serum electrolytes. The diagnosis of DKA was made according to American Diabetes Association criteria...
June 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805967/prognostic-value-of-exercise-capacity-among-men-undergoing-pharmacologic-treatment-for-erectile-dysfunction-the-fit-project
#6
Robert V Same, Mahmoud Al Rifai, David I Feldman, Kevin L Billups, Clinton A Brawner, Zeina A Dardari, Jonathan K Ehrman, Steven J Keteyian, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND: Vascular erectile dysfunction (ED) has been identified as a potentially useful risk factor for predicting future cardiovascular events, particularly in younger men. Because these men typically score more favorably on traditional cardiovascular disease risk assessment tools, there exists a gap in knowledge for how to most appropriately identify those men who would benefit from more aggressive treatments. To date, no studies have examined the impact of fitness on cardiovascular outcomes in men with ED...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803840/development-and-validation-of-risk-equations-for-complications-of-type-2-diabetes-recode-using-individual-participant-data-from-randomised-trials
#7
Sanjay Basu, Jeremy B Sussman, Seth A Berkowitz, Rodney A Hayward, John S Yudkin
BACKGROUND: In view of substantial mis-estimation of risks of diabetes complications using existing equations, we sought to develop updated Risk Equations for Complications Of type 2 Diabetes (RECODe). METHODS: To develop and validate these risk equations, we used data from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes study (ACCORD, n=9635; 2001-09) and validated the equations for microvascular events using data from the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS, n=1018; 1996-2001), and for cardiovascular events using data from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD, n=4760; 2001-12)...
August 10, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798086/the-changing-tides-of-the-type-2-diabetes-epidemic-smooth-sailing-or-troubled-waters-ahead-kelly-west-award-lecture-2016
#8
Edward W Gregg
The Kelly West Award for Outstanding Achievement in Epidemiology is given in memory of Kelly M. West, widely regarded as the "father of diabetes epidemiology," to an individual who has made significant contributions to the field of diabetes epidemiology. Edward W. Gregg, PhD, of the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, received the prestigious award at the American Diabetes Association's 76th Scientific Sessions, 10-14 June 2016, in New Orleans, LA. He presented the Kelly West Award Lecture, "Changing Tides of the Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic-Smooth Sailing or Troubled Waters Ahead?" on Sunday, 12 June 2016...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797537/mortality-associated-with-less-intense-risk-factor-control-among-adults-with-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#9
Sharon H Saydah, Edward W Gregg, Henry S Kahn, Mohammed K Ali
AIMS: Determine the mortality experience among adults with diabetes in meeting and not meeting less intense control for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and cholesterol. METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010 participants with self-report of diagnosed diabetes (N=3335), measured HbA1c, BP and non-HDL cholesterol were linked to the National Death Index through December 31, 2011. Proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) of meeting HbA1c<9% and BP<160/110, and non-HDL cholesterol<190mg/dL...
August 7, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797470/balancing-primary-prevention-and-statin-induced-diabetes-mellitus-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Yogita Rochlani, Ajoe John Kattoor, Naga Venkata Pothineni, Raga Deepak Reddy Palagiri, Francesco Romeo, Jawahar L Mehta
Diabetes mellitus (DM), a modern-day epidemic, is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is believed that statins elevate the risk of incident DM. Multiple trials were suggestive of the hyperglycemic effect of long-term statin use. This has prompted the Food and Drug Administration to include the risk of DM in the product label of statins. New-onset DM with statin use is biologically plausible and can be explained based on the multiple pathways in glucose metabolism affected by statins. Most pivotal clinical trials on statins were not powered to adequately assess the risk of incident DM with statin use, and the results from multiple meta-analyses are mixed...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794957/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-young-adults-a-pooled-analysis
#11
Paul B Nolan, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, James W Stinear, Stacey A Reading, Lance C Dalleck
Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) represents a clustering of different metabolic abnormalities. MetSyn prevalence is present in approximately 25% of all adults with increased prevalence in advanced ages. The presence of one component of MetSyn increases the risk of developing MetSyn later in life and likely represents a high lifetime burden of cardiovascular disease risk. Therefore we pooled data from multiple studies to establish the prevalence of MetSyn and MetSyn component prevalence across a broad range of ethnicities...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793372/area-under-the-curve-during-ogtt-in-first-degree-relatives-of-diabetic-patients-as-an-efficient-indicator-of-future-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-and-pre-diabetes
#12
Awat Feizi, Rokhsareh Meamar, Mohammad Eslamian, Massoud Amini, Maryam Nasri, Bijan Iraj
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the area under the curve of an OGTT has a predictive role in identifying pre-diabetic and diabetic subjects amongst first-degree relatives (FDR) of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM). DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: In a population-based cohort study, 766 FDR of diabetic patients with a normal glucose tolerance test (NGT) completed a 2-h OGTT. They were followed up for 7 years and classified according to the American Diabetes Association criteria into: NGT, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and DM...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792634/meeting-american-diabetes-association-diabetes-management-targets-trends-in-mauritius
#13
M Tabesh, J E Shaw, P Z Zimmet, S Soderberg, S Kowlessur, M Timol, N Joonas, G M M Alberti, J Tuomilehto, B J Shaw, D J Magliano
AIMS: To examine the proportion of people with diabetes in the multi-ethnic country of Mauritius meeting American Diabetes Association targets in 2009 and 2015. METHODS: Data from independent population-based samples of 858 and 656 adults with diagnosed diabetes in 2009 and 2015, respectively, were analysed with regard to recommended American Diabetes Association targets for HbA1c , blood pressure and LDL cholesterol. RESULTS: In 2015 compared with 2009, the proportion of people achieving American Diabetes Association targets for glycaemic control in Mauritius was higher in women (P≤0...
August 9, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791737/bone-marrow-fat-changes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-are-associated-with-loss-of-bone-mass
#14
Tiffany Y Kim, Ann V Schwartz, Xiaojuan Li, Kaipin Xu, Dennis M Black, Dimitry M Petrenko, Lygia Stewart, Stanley J Rogers, Andrew M Posselt, Jonathan T Carter, Dolores M Shoback, Anne L Schafer
Bone marrow fat is a unique fat depot that may regulate bone metabolism. Marrow fat is increased in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes. However, longitudinal effects of weight loss and improved glucose homeostasis on marrow fat are unclear, as is the relationship between marrow fat and bone mineral density (BMD) changes. We hypothesized that after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, marrow fat changes are associated with BMD loss. We enrolled 30 obese women, stratified by diabetes status...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789657/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-is-elevated-in-type-2-diabetics-with-carotid-artery-stenosis-and-reduced-under-metformin-treatment
#15
W Eilenberg, S Stojkovic, A Piechota-Polanczyk, A Kaider, N Kozakowski, W J Weninger, J Nanobachvili, J Wojta, I Huk, S Demyanets, C Neumayer
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), an acute phase protein released by neutrophils, has been described as biomarker of inflammatory states. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by increased inflammation and an elevated risk for embolization of carotid artery stenosis (CAS). We aimed to explore the role of NGAL systemically and in plaques of diabetics undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Moreover, the potential anti-inflammatory effect of metformin on NGAL was addressed in diabetics...
August 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783529/creed-study-hypoglycaemia-during-ramadan-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-three-continents
#16
Abdul Jabbar, Mohamed Hassanein, Salem A Beshyah, Kristina S Boye, Maria Yu, Steven M Babineaux
AIMS: To describe diabetes treatment and hypoglycaemia in individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus during Ramadan. METHODS: A multi-country, retrospective, observational study with data captured before, during, and after Ramadan. We report on a cohort of people (N=3250) with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in four culturally distinct regions: Asia, North Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. RESULTS: During Ramadan, the proportion of participants on oral anti-diabetic medication alone ranged from 68...
July 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781218/risk-factors-for-nocturnal-hypoglycemia-in-insulin-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-secondary-analysis-of-observational-data-derived-from-an-integrated-clinical-trial-database
#17
Jay P Bae, Ran Duan, Haoda Fu, Byron J Hoogwerf
PURPOSE: A trade-off exists in most diabetes therapies between the benefits of good glycemic control and the morbidity of hypoglycemia. Balancing these factors to achieve desired outcomes is a key consideration for personalized diabetes therapy. Hypoglycemia at night (nocturnal hypoglycemia [NH]) is a common but often under-reported problem in insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes. To better understand the risk for NH, we pooled data from multiple clinical trials of insulin treatment and specifically examined NH risk factors in relation to glycemic goals...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780045/sleeve-gastrectomy-with-duodenojejunal-end-to-side-anastomosis-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-the-initial-experiences-in-a-chinese-population-with-a-more-than-4-year-follow-up
#18
Xiaojiao Ruan, Weijian Zhang, Huajie Cai, Ru Zheng, Feizhao Jiang, Hengliang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass has been thought to be associated with a risk of gastric cancer, particularly in Asia. Sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal end-to-side anastomosis (SG-DJESA) was suggested to be a better-designed procedure to avoid this risk, and it also has other advantages. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of SG-DJESA in the treatment of nonobese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). SETTING: University Hospital, China...
July 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776633/risk-factors-for-hospital-admission-following-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#19
Steven F DeFroda, Steven L Bokshan, Brett D Owens
Arthroscopic Bankart repair, a commonly performed procedure in the United States, is usually done on an outpatient basis. All instances of arthroscopic Bankart repair from 2005 to 2014 from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program prospective database were analyzed. Both univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were performed to determine risk factors for admission following surgery. Of 2291 patients undergoing arthroscopic Bankart repair, 173 (7.6%) required inpatient hospital admission following surgery...
August 3, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774290/understanding-health-care-provider-barriers-to-hospital-affiliated-medical-fitness-center-facility-referral-a-questionnaire-survey-and-semi-structured-interviews
#20
Carissa Smock, Sonia Alemagno
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to understand health care provider barriers to referring patients to Medical Fitness Center Facilities within an affiliated teaching hospital system using referral of diabetic services as an example. The aims of this study include: (1) to assess health care providers' awareness and use of facilities, (2) to determine barriers to referring patients to facilities, (3) identify current and needed resources and/or changes to increase referral to facilities...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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