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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097648/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-transition-from-major-depression-to-bipolar-disorder
#1
A Ratheesh, C Davey, S Hetrick, M Alvarez-Jimenez, C Voutier, A Bechdolf, P D McGorry, J Scott, M Berk, S M Cotton
OBJECTIVE: Some people with major depressive disorder (MDD) may be at a pre-onset stage for bipolar disorder (BD), where early identification or prevention efforts may be feasible. We aimed to identify rates and characteristics predictive of transition to BD in prospective follow-up studies of people with MDD. METHODS: Using a systematic search strategy, we identified studies with a diagnostic ascertainment of MDD and BD of an adequate standard, and where the minimum length of follow-up was 6 months...
January 18, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097635/treatment-of-functional-impairment-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Jose Sanchez-Moreno, Anabel Martinez-Aran, Eduard Vieta
Traditionally, functional impairment has received little attention in bipolar disorder, despite the fact that many patients experience significant impairments in daily life. In the last decade, research has changed its focus from clinical remission to functional recovery in bipolar patients as a priority. A literature review of this topic will allow us provide an overview of the relevance of functional impairment as well as the potential factors that can predict or contribute to low functioning in bipolar disorder (BD)...
January 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097006/contribution-of-sigma-1-receptor-to-cytoprotective-effect-of-afobazole
#3
Mikhail V Voronin, Ilya A Kadnikov
Anxiolytic afobazole (5-Ethoxy-2-[2-(morpholino)-ethylthio]benzimidazole dihidrochloride) has pronounced ligand properties toward Sigma-1 receptor (σ1 receptor,SigmaR1) and MT 3 receptors. Our previous work demonstrated that afobazole possess cytoprotective effect in the in vitro model of menadione genotoxicity (Woods et al. 1997) through interaction with MT 3 receptor (Kadnikov et al. 2014). Present study utilized previously described models to address the contribution of SigmaR1 to cytoprotective action of afobazole...
December 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096875/sensory-processing-disorders-are-associated-with-duration-of-current-episode-and-severity-of-side-effects
#4
Gianluca Serafini, Batya Engel-Yeger, Gustavo H Vazquez, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
OBJECTIVE: Longer duration of untreated illness, longer duration of current episode, and the severity of medication side effects may negatively impact on the perceived disability and psychosocial impairment of patients with major affective and anxiety disorders. Studies also suggested the involvement of sensory perception in emotional and psychopathological processes. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between Sensory Processing Disorders (SPD), duration of untreated illness and current illness episode, and the severity of side effects related to psychoactive medications...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#5
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096676/aripiprazole-augmentation-in-managing-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-a-case-with-suicidal-attempts
#6
Jianbo Lai, Qiaoqiao Lu, Peng Zhang, Tingting Xu, Yi Xu, Shaohua Hu
Comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and bipolar disorder (BD) have long been an intractable problem in clinical practice. The increased risk of manic/hypomanic switch hinders the use of antidepressants for managing coexisting OCD symptoms in BD patients. We herein present a case of a patient with BD-OCD comorbidity, who was successfully treated with mood stabilizers and aripiprazole augmentation. The young female patient reported recurrent depressive episodes and aggravating compulsive behaviors before hospitalization...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095742/lithium-response-in-bipolar-disorders-and-core-clock-genes-expression
#7
Pierre A Geoffroy, Emmanuel Curis, Cindie Courtin, Jeverson Moreira, Thomas Morvillers, Bruno Etain, Jean-Louis Laplanche, Frank Bellivier, Cynthia Marie-Claire
OBJECTIVES: We examine if the lithium response is associated with changes in core clock genes expressions. METHODS: The effect of a therapeutic concentration of lithium (1mM) on the expression levels of 17 circadian genes, was examined in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from two well-characterized groups of BD patients, defined as lithium non-responders (NR, n = 20) or excellent responders (ER, n = 16). Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were conducted at 2, 4 and 8 days (d2, d4, d8) with and without lithium exposure...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095428/linking-ecology-and-epidemiology-to-understand-predictors-of-multi-host-responses-to-an-emerging-pathogen-the-amphibian-chytrid-fungus
#8
Stephanie S Gervasi, Patrick R Stephens, Jessica Hua, Catherine L Searle, Gisselle Yang Xie, Jenny Urbina, Deanna H Olson, Betsy A Bancroft, Virginia Weis, John I Hammond, Rick A Relyea, Andrew R Blaustein
Variation in host responses to pathogens can have cascading effects on populations and communities when some individuals or groups of individuals display disproportionate vulnerability to infection or differ in their competence to transmit infection. The fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has been detected in almost 700 different amphibian species and is implicated in numerous global amphibian population declines. Identifying key hosts in the amphibian-Bd system-those who are at greatest risk or who pose the greatest risk for others-is challenging due in part to many extrinsic environmental factors driving spatiotemporal Bd distribution and context-dependent host responses to Bd in the wild...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094461/comparison-of-the-32-item-hypomania-checklist-hcl-32-the-33-item-hypomania-checklist-hcl-33-and-the-mood-disorders-questionnaire-mdq-for-bipolar-disorder
#9
Yuan Feng, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Wei Huang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Gang Wang, Zhen Yuan, Yu-Tao Xiang
AIM: Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed as major depression and hence reliable and culturally appropriate screening tools are needed. This study compared the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32), the 33-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-33), and the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ) for BD. METHODS: Altogether, 350 depressed patients were included. The HCL-32, the HCL-33 and the MDQ were completed by patients to identify manic and/or hypomanic symptoms...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094151/comparison-of-the-bd-max-mrsa-xt-to-the-cepheid%C3%A2-xpert%C3%A2-mrsa-assay-for-the-molecular-detection-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-nasal-swabs
#10
Sanjay R Mehta, Jasmine Estrada, Juan Ybarra, Joshua Fierer
INTRODUCTION: Variation in MRSA genotypes may affect the sensitivity of molecular assays to detect this organism. METHODS: We compared 2 commonly used screening assays, the Cepheid™ Xpert® MRSA and the BD MAX™ MRSA XT on consecutively obtained nasal swabs from 479 subjects. Specimens giving discordant results were subjected to additional microbiologic and molecular testing. RESULTS: Six hundred forty-two (97.6%) of the 658 test results were concordant...
December 16, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093271/characterization-and-clinical-validation-of-mcm2-and-top2a-monoclonal-antibodies-in-the-bd-proex%C3%A2-c-assay-an-immunoassay-which-detects-aberrant-s-phase-induction-in-cervical-tissue
#11
Eric P Dixon, Lorraine M King, Ramona Nelson, Stephen G Simkins, Steven L Knapp, George H Brough, Karen L Lenz, Dorian T Henderson, Clark M Whitehead, Janice Hessling, Charlotte A Brown, Douglas P Malinowski
BACKGROUND: The Papanicolaou (Pap) screen has been successful in reducing cervical cancer; but exhibits low sensitivity when detecting cervical dysplasia. Use of molecular biomarkers in Pap tests may improve diagnostic accuracy. DESIGN: Monoclonal antibodies to Minichromosome Maintenance Protein 2 (MCM2) and DNA Topoisomerase II α (TOP2A) were selected for use in IHC based on their ability to differentiate normal from diseased cervical tissues in tissue microarrays...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092018/bladder-dysfunction-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#12
Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Irena Dujmovic Basuroski, Sarlota Mesaros, Jelena Drulovic
Bladder dysfunction (BD) is the most common autonomic disturbance in multiple sclerosis, but often overlooked and undertreated. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore the changes in the frequency of BD symptoms in MS cohort after a period of 3 and 6 years of follow-up, as well as to investigate the correlations between the presence of BD symptoms and both clinical characteristics and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) at each subsequent point of estimation. The study population comprises a cohort of 93 patients with MS (McDonald's criteria, 2001)...
January 13, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091674/a-site-holding-effect-of-tio2-surface-hydroxyl-in-the-photocatalytic-direct-synthesis-of-1-1-diethoxyethane-from-ethanol
#13
Hongxia Zhang, Wenqin Zhang, Min Zhao, Pengju Yang, Zhenping Zhu
To understand the mechanism of the photocatalytic direct synthesis of 1,1-diethoxyethane (DEE) from ethanol is vital for enhancing the reaction efficiency. Based on photocatalytic data of different phase TiO2 and F-TiO2 catalysts, radical trapping data, and GC-MS data, we proposed a photocatalytic mechanism for the preparation of both DEE in neat ethanol and 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) in ethanol-H2O using photocatalytic methods. In neat ethanol, hydroxyl isn't involved in the catalytic cyclic process but hydroxyl has an indirect site-holding effect, thus leading to more hydroxyl groups with higher activity...
January 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090803/insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-2-in-bipolar-disorder-an-expression-study-in-peripheral-tissues
#14
Elena Milanesi, Roberta Zanardini, Gianluca Rosso, Giuseppe Maina, Alessandro Barbon, Cristina Mora, Alessandra Minelli, Massimo Gennarelli, Luisella Bocchio-Chiavetto
OBJECTIVES: Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 (IGFBP2) is a member of the family of high-affinity binding proteins (IGFBP1-6) and appears to play a governing role in Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) regulation in the central nervous system. This study aimed to investigate the putative involvement of IGFBP2 in mood disorder pathogenesis by measuring its expression levels in patient peripheral tissues. METHODS: IGFBP2 protein and mRNA levels were measured in the serum of 93 controls, 41 Bipolar Disorder (BD) and 43 Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients and in the skin fibroblasts from 15 controls, 12 BD and 23 MDD patients...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088728/the-association-between-insomnia-related-sleep-disruptions-and-cognitive-dysfunction-during-the-inter-episode-phase-of-bipolar-disorder
#15
Jennifer C Kanady, Adriane M Soehner, Alexandra B Klein, Allison G Harvey
Sleep disturbance and cognitive dysfunction are two domains of impairment during inter-episode bipolar disorder. Despite evidence demonstrating the importance of sleep for cognition in healthy and sleep-disordered samples, this link has been minimally examined in bipolar disorder. The present study tested the association between insomnia-related sleep disruptions and cognitive dysfunction during inter-episode bipolar disorder. Forty-seven participants with bipolar disorder and a comorbid insomnia diagnosis (BD-Insomnia) and 19 participants with bipolar disorder without sleep disturbance in the last six months (BD-Control) participated in the study...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088138/fast-simulation-of-brownian-dynamics-in-a-crowded-environment
#16
Stephen Smith, Ramon Grima
Brownian dynamics simulations are an increasingly popular tool for understanding spatially extended biochemical reaction systems. Recent improvements in our understanding of the cellular environment show that volume exclusion effects are fundamental to reaction networks inside cells. These systems are frequently studied by incorporating inert hard spheres (crowders) into three-dimensional Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations; however these methods are extremely slow owing to the sheer number of possible collisions between particles...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086880/influence-of-border-disease-virus-bdv-on-serological-surveillance-within-the-bovine-virus-diarrhea-bvd-eradication-program-in-switzerland
#17
V Kaiser, L Nebel, G Schüpbach-Regula, R G Zanoni, M Schweizer
BACKGROUND: In 2008, a program to eradicate bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) in cattle in Switzerland was initiated. After targeted elimination of persistently infected animals that represent the main virus reservoir, the absence of BVD is surveilled serologically since 2012. In view of steadily decreasing pestivirus seroprevalence in the cattle population, the susceptibility for (re-) infection by border disease (BD) virus mainly from small ruminants increases. Due to serological cross-reactivity of pestiviruses, serological surveillance of BVD by ELISA does not distinguish between BVD and BD virus as source of infection...
January 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080980/climate-forcing-of-an-emerging-pathogenic-fungus-across-a-montane-multi-host-community
#18
Frances C Clare, Julia B Halder, Olivia Daniel, Jon Bielby, Mikhail A Semenov, Thibaut Jombart, Adeline Loyau, Dirk S Schmeller, Andrew A Cunningham, Marcus Rowcliffe, Trenton W J Garner, Jaime Bosch, Matthew C Fisher
Changes in the timings of seasonality as a result of anthropogenic climate change are predicted to occur over the coming decades. While this is expected to have widespread impacts on the dynamics of infectious disease through environmental forcing, empirical data are lacking. Here, we investigated whether seasonality, specifically the timing of spring ice-thaw, affected susceptibility to infection by the emerging pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) across a montane community of amphibians that are suffering declines and extirpations as a consequence of this infection...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080153/long-term-change-of-subfoveal-choroidal-thickness-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-patients-with-posterior-uveitis
#19
UnChul Park, In Hwan Cho, Sang Woong Moon, Hyeong Gon Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) in Behçet's disease (BD) patients with posterior uveitis. METHODS: Changes in SCT measured with enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography during quiescent phase were assessed during >24 months in 63 BD patients and control group. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics showed no difference, but the BD group showed poorer visual acuity (p = 0.013) and smaller SCT (p = 0...
January 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079542/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-institutional-preoperative-nomogram-for-predicting-grade-of-dysplasia-in-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-ipmns-of-the-pancreas-a-report-from-the-pancreatic-surgery-consortium
#20
Marc A Attiyeh, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Mohammad Al Efishat, Anne A Eaton, Mithat Gönen, Ruqayyah Batts, Ilaria Pergolini, Neda Rezaee, Keith D Lillemoe, Cristina R Ferrone, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Matthew J Weiss, John L Cameron, Ralph H Hruban, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, William R Jarnagin, Christopher L Wolfgang, Peter J Allen
OBJECTIVE: Previous nomogram models for patients undergoing resection of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) have been relatively small single-institutional series. Our objective was to improve upon these studies by developing and independently validating a new model using a large multiinstitutional dataset. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: IPMNs represent the most common radiographically identifiable precursor lesions of pancreatic cancer. They are a heterogenous group of neoplasms in which more accurate markers of high-grade dysplasia or early invasive carcinoma could help avoid unnecessary surgery in 1 case and support potentially curative intervention (resection) in another...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Surgery
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