Read by QxMD icon Read


Ewa Dopierala, Adrian A Chrobak, Flavio Kapczinski, Michal Michalak, Anna Tereszko, Ewa Ferensztajn-Rochowiak, Dominika Dudek, Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Marcin Siwek, Jan Jaracz, Janusz K Rybakowski
Objective: To assess the relationship of biological rhythms, evaluated by the Biological Rhythms Interview of Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (BRIAN), with affective temperaments and schizotypy. Methods: The BRIAN assessment, along with the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) and the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory for Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE), was administered to 54 patients with remitted bipolar disorder (BD) and 54 healthy control (HC) subjects...
October 20, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Kalliopi Tournikioti, Panagiotis Ferentinos, Ioannis Michopoulos, Maria Alevizaki, Constantin R Soldatos, Dimitris Dikeos, Athanasios Douzenis
Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with impairment in cognitive domains such as verbal memory and executive functions. However, visual paired associative learning (PAL) has been far less researched. Neurocognitive dysfunction in BD patients has been related to several clinical factors, but data on the effect of medication are relatively scarce and inconsistent. The aim of our study was to explore the effect of clinical and treatment-related parameters on executive functions and visual memory/learning, including PAL, in BD...
October 25, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Amedeo Minichino, Roberto Delle Chiaie, Giorgio Cruccu, Serena Piroso, Di Stefano Giulia, Marta Francesconi, Francesco Saverio Bersani, Massimo Biondi, Andrea Truini
OBJECTIVES: Overlapping neural system dysfunctions, mainly involving the secondary somatosensory cortex (S2), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the anterior insular cortex (AIC), seem to be related to both pain-perception abnormalities and psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). Laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) were used to investigate pain-perception and central pain-processing abnormalities in SCZ, bipolar I disorder (BD-I), and bipolar II disorder (BD-II), and to evaluate their relationship with history of psychosis, and social-cognitive and functional impairments...
October 26, 2016: Bipolar Disorders
Liezel L Griffin, John T Lear
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy among the Caucasian population. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is gaining popularity for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), Bowen's disease (BD) and actinic keratosis (AK). A topical or systemic exogenous photosensitiser, results in selective uptake by malignant cells. Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is produced then activated by the introduction of a light source. Daylight-mediated MAL (methyl aminolaevulinate) PDT for AKs has the advantage of decreased pain and better patient tolerance...
October 22, 2016: Cancers
Alencar Kolinski Machado, Ana Cristina Andreazza, Tatiane Morgana da Silva, Aline Augusti Boligon, Vanusa do Nascimento, Gustavo Scola, Angela Duong, Francine Carla Cadoná, Euler Esteves Ribeiro, Ivana Beatrice Mânica da Cruz
Neuropsychiatric diseases, such as bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ), have a very complex pathophysiology. Several current studies describe an association between psychiatric illness and mitochondrial dysfunction and consequent cellular modifications, including lipid, protein, and DNA damage, caused by cellular oxidative stress. Euterpe oleracea (açaí) is a powerful antioxidant fruit. Açaí is an Amazonian palm fruit primarily found in the lowlands of the Amazonian rainforest, particularly in the floodplains of the Amazon River...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Nádia Sitoe, Rosa Macamo, Bindiya Meggi, Ocean Tobaiwa, Osvaldo Loquiha, Timothy Bollinger, Lara Vojnov, Ilesh Jani
BACKGROUND: In resource-limited countries, CD4 T-cell (CD4) testing continues to be used for determining antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation eligibility and opportunistic infection monitoring. To support expanded access to CD4 testing, simple and robust technologies are necessary. We conducted this study to evaluate the performance of a new Point-of-Care (POC) CD4 technology, the MyT4, compared to conventional laboratory CD4 testing. METHODS: EDTA venous blood from 200 HIV-positive patients was tested in the laboratory using the MyT4 and BD FACSCalibur™...
2016: PloS One
E Gregoraszczuk, M Slupecka, J Wolinski, A Hejmej, B Bilinska, E Fiedor, N Piwnicka, A Rak
This study investigated the effect of a high-fat (HF) diet on plasma adiponectin and steroid hormones levels, and the protein expression of adiponectin and its receptors, in the gonads and gonadal (periovarian and epididymal) white adipose tissue (WAT) of dams and their offspring. Female Wistar rats were fed a HF diet (30% fat) or a standard breeding (BD) diet (5% fat) during pregnancy and lactation. At 21 days of lactation, mothers and both sexes of prepubertal offspring were killed by decapitation. Plasma adiponectin, testosterone (T) and oestradiol (E2) levels were analyzed by ELISA...
August 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Aneta M Białkowska
2,3-Butanediol (2,3-BD) is a promising bulk chemical with a potentially wide range of applications e.g., in the manufacture of printing inks, perfumes, synthetic rubber, fumigants, antifreeze agents, fuel additives, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals. Its high heating value and ability to increase the octane number of fuels make 2,3-BD a promising drop-in fuel. It can also be converted to methyl-ethyl ketone (MEK), which is considered an effective liquid fuel additive. After combination with MEK and hydrogenation reaction, 2,3-BD can be converted to octane, which is used to produce high-quality aviation fuel...
December 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hengjia Ni, Lu Lu, Jinpin Deng, Wenjun Fan, Tiejun Li, Jiming Yao
Background. Oxidative stress is associated with infertility. This study was conducted to determine the effects of glutamate and aspartate on serum antioxidative enzymes, sex hormones, and genital inflammation in boars suffering from oxidative stress. Methods. Boars were randomly divided into 4 groups: the nonchallenged control (CON) and H2O2-challenged control (BD) groups were fed a basal diet supplemented with 2% alanine; the other two groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 2% glutamate (GLU) or 2% aspartate (ASP)...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Chao-Jun Hu, Jian-Bo Pan, Guang Song, Xiao-Ting Wen, Zi-Yan Wu, Si Chen, Wen-Xiu Mo, Feng-Chun Zhang, Jiang Qian, Heng Zhu, Yong-Zhe Li
Behcet disease (BD) is a chronic systemic vasculitis and considered as an autoimmune disease. Although rare, BD can be fatal due to ruptured vascular aneurysms or severe neurological complications. To date, no known biomarker has been reported for this disease, making it difficult to diagnosis in the clinics. To undertake this challenge, we employed the HuProt arrays, each comprised of~20,000 unique human proteins, to identify BD-specific autoantibodies using a Two-Phase strategy established previously. In Phase I, we profiled the autoimmunity on the HuProt arrays with 75 serum samples collected from 40 BD patients, 15 diagnosed autoimmune patients who suffer from Takayasu arteritis (TA; N=5)), ANCA associated vasculitis(AAV; N=5), and Sjogren's syndrome(SS; N=5), and 20 healthy subjects, and identified 20 candidate autoantigens that were significantly associated with BD...
October 24, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Abdulla Watad, Shmuel Tiosano, Dana Yahav, Doron Comaneshter, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetic disease, characterized by attacks of fever, arthritis, serositis and pain. Behçet's disease (BD) is an inflammatory disorder with a genetic basis, characterized by oral and genital ulcers, uveitis, pustular erythematous cutaneous lesions, arthritis, central nervous system involvement and possible vascular manifestations such as venous thrombosis, arteritis and aneurysms. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association and actual differentiation between these two entities in a large-scale population-based study...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Ebru Fındıklı, Mustafa Gökçe, Vedat Nacitarhan, Mehmet Akif Camkurt, Hüseyin Avni Fındıklı, Selçuk Kardaş, Merve Coşgun Şahin, Mehmet Fatih Karaaslan
Objective: That treatment with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) causes metabolic side effects and atherosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) is well-known. Increased arterial stiffness is an important marker of arteriosclerosis and has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We measured pulse wave velocity (PWV) as a marker of arteriosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and BD who use SGAs. Methods: Patients and controls were collected from our psychiatry outpatient clinics or family medicine...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Nina Kimer, Julie Steen Pedersen, Troels Malte Busk, Lise Lotte Gluud, Lise Hobolth, Aleksander Krag, Søren Møller, Flemming Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Decompensated cirrhosis is characterized by disturbed systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics. Bacterial translocation from the gut is considered the key driver in this process. Intestinal decontamination with rifaximin may improve hemodynamics. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial investigates the effects of rifaximin on hemodynamics, renal function and vasoactive hormones. METHODS: We randomized 54 stable out-patients with cirrhosis and ascites to rifaximin 550 mg BD (n=36) or placebo BD (n=18)...
October 24, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Tanya T Nguyen, Sanja Kovacevic, Sheena I Dev, Kun Lu, Thomas T Liu, Lisa T Eyler
Objective: Disturbances in functional connectivity have been suggested to contribute to cognitive and emotion processing deficits observed in bipolar disorder (BD). Functional connectivity between medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and other brain regions may be particularly abnormal. The goal of the present study was to characterize the temporal dynamics of the default mode network (DMN) connectivity in BD and examine its association with cognition. Method: In a preliminary study, euthymic BD (n = 15) and healthy comparison (HC, n = 19) participants underwent resting-state functional MRI, using high-resolution sequences adapted from the Human Connectome Project, and completed neuropsychological measures of processing speed and executive function...
October 24, 2016: Neuropsychology
Handan Tan, Bolin Deng, Hongsong Yu, Yi Yang, Lin Ding, Qi Zhang, Jieying Qin, Aize Kijlstra, Rui Chen, Peizeng Yang
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and the IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) family play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL-1 and IL-1R family genes with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) and Behcet's disease (BD) in Han Chinese. The case-control study was divided into two stages and included 419 VKH cases, 1063 BD cases and 1872 healthy controls. The MassARRAY platform (Sequenom), iPLEX Gold Assay and TaqMan SNP assays were used to score genotypes of 24 SNPs...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Alp Yıldırım, Mustafa Serkan Karakaş, Ali Yaşar Kılınç, Refik Emre Altekin, Ali Selim Yalçınkaya
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate arterial structure and function with assessment of pulse wave velocity (PWV) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: Thirty patients (13 female, 17 male) with BD and 30 age, sex-matched healthy controls (12 female, 18 male) with no known cardiovascular disease were enrolled in this study. Carotid-femoral PWV and CIMT were measured. RESULTS: PWV was higher in BD patients compared with control group (6...
October 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Jeremy Brown, Jason Patterson, Sheila Loechel, Tom Olma, Matthew Watts, Sharon C-A Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Mojtaba Keshavarz
OBJECTIVE: The exact pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) is not yet fully understood, and there are many questions in this area which should be answered. This review aims to discuss the roles of glial cells in the pathophysiology of BD and their contribution to the mechanism of action of mood-stabilising drugs. METHODS: We critically reviewed the most recent advances regarding glial cell roles in the pathophysiology and treatment of BD and the neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects of these cells...
October 24, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Ling Zhang, Xiao-Lan Cao, Shi-Bin Wang, Wei Zheng, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Gang Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: This is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of bipolar disorders (BD) in the general population of China. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted via the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang and SinoMed. Studies on the prevalence of BD in the general population in China were identified. Statistical analyses were performed using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis program. RESULTS: Altogether 32 studies conducted between 1984 and 2013 with 470,411 participants met the inclusion criteria for the analysis; the median age was 44...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Sara Poletti, Veronica Aggio, Irene Bollettini, Andrea Falini, Cristina Colombo, Francesco Benedetti
The aim of the study is to investigate if gene polymorphisms in sterol regulatory element binding protein transcriptional factors SREBF-1 and SREBF-2, which regulate lipid and cholesterol metabolism, could affect white matter (WM) microstructure, the most recognized structural biomarker of bipolar disorder (BD). In a sample of 93 patients affected by BD, we investigated the effect of SREBF-1 rs11868035, and SREBF-2 rs1052717, on WM microstructure, using diffusion tensor imaging and tract-based spatial statistics...
October 15, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"