keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784735/new-nccn-guidelines-cancer-management-in-people-living-with-hiv
#1
Gita Suneja
Since the emergence of HIV in the United States in the 1980s, cancer has been a part of the story. The good news is that antiretroviral therapy has improved survival for those living with HIV infection, with life expectancy now approaching that of uninfected people. Consequently, this patient population is living long enough to develop different types of cancer. At the 23rd NCCN Annual Conference, Gita Suneja, MD, MSHP, presented the debut of the new NCCN Guidelines for Cancer in People Living With HIV, discussing the intersection between cancer and HIV infection, the cancers most likely to develop in this group of patients, and the importance of oncologists working in conjunction with HIV specialists to render the most appropriate and individualized care...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781882/no-hiv-transmission-from-virally-suppressed-mothers-during-breastfeeding-in-rural-tanzania
#2
Ezekiel Luoga, Fiona Vanobberghen, Rahel Bircher, Amina Nyuri, Alex J Ntamatungiro, Dorcas Mnzava, Getrud J Mollel, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay, Maja Weisser, Anna Gamell
BACKGROUND: To what extent antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) during breastfeeding remains unclear. We assessed the MTCT risk from mothers on ART to their infants during breastfeeding. SETTING: Ifakara, rural Tanzania. METHODS: We included infants born between 01/2013 and 05/2016 to mothers who initiated ART before delivery, had a negative HIV DNA-PCR at 4-12 weeks, and exclusively breastfed for ≥6 months...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781696/barriers-to-tuberculosis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-treatment-guidelines-adherence-among-nurses-initiating-and-managing-anti-retroviral-therapy-in-kwazulu-natal-and-north-west-provinces
#3
Lufuno Makhado, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Jason E Farley
BACKGROUND:  Nurses, as front-line care providers in the South Africa's health care system, are called upon to deliver integrated interventions for tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (TB and HIV) including nurse-initiated management of anti-retroviral therapy (NIMART) and anti-TB treatment. Adherence to treatment guidelines and factors associated with non-adherence to treatment guidelines among nurses remain under explored. PURPOSE:  To explore and describe barriers to treatment guidelines adherence among nurses initiating and managing anti-retroviral therapy and anti-TB treatment in KwaZulu-Natal and North West provinces...
March 26, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779395/training-the-next-generation-of-hiv-providers-impact-of-trainees-on-patient-satisfaction-in-an-urban-hiv-clinic
#4
Jacqueline E Sherbuk, Lydia Aoun Barakat
For persons living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), care by an HIV-specialist improves outcomes and satisfaction with one's HIV primary care provider (PCP) promotes engagement with care. In the United States, we are facing a workforce shortage of HIV providers. As we aim to train a new generation of HIV providers, it is unclear how PLWHA perceive their experience when cared for by trainees compared to experienced providers. Therefore we assessed patient satisfaction with HIV providers, both trainees in an HIV Primary Care residency program and HIV-specialists...
May 21, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779005/hbv-and-hcv-test-uptake-and-correlates-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-online-survey
#5
Thomas Fitzpatrick, Stephen W Pan, Weiming Tang, Wilson Guo, Joseph D Tucker
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause substantial morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries, including China. WHO guidelines recommend men who have sex with men (MSM) receive HBV and HCV screening. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of MSM in China who have HBV and HCV tested and identify correlates of test uptake. METHODS: We conducted an online cross-sectional survey of young MSM in China...
May 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#7
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773899/management-of-acute-hcv-infection-in-the-era-of-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Marianne Martinello, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jason Grebely, Gregory J Dore, Gail V Matthews
The management of acute HCV infection has not been standardized following the availability of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for chronic HCV infection, and substantial uncertainty exists regarding the optimal treatment regimen and duration. Despite the lack of direct evidence, the 2016 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD)-Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines supported "the same regimens for acute HCV as recommended for chronic HCV infection … owing to high efficacy and safety", whereas the 2016 European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) guidelines recommended sofosbuvir-ledipasvir, sofosbuvir-velpatasvir or sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir for 8 weeks in acute HCV infection, with a longer duration of 12 weeks recommended for those infected with HIV and/or baseline HCV RNA levels >1,000,000 IU/ml...
May 17, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771871/trends-in-antiretroviral-therapy-eligibility-and-coverage-among-children-aged-15-years-with-hiv-infection-20-pepfar-supported-sub-saharan-african-countries-2012-2016
#9
Amanda Burrage, Monita Patel, Kelsey Mirkovic, Eric Dziuban, Wondimu Teferi, Laura Broyles, Emilia Rivadeneira
Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged <15 years with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated morbidity and mortality rates over the past decade (2). As accumulating evidence revealed lower HIV-associated mortality with early ART initiation, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines broadened ART eligibility for children with HIV infection (2)...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769038/impact-of-new-daa-therapy-on-real-clinical-practice-a-multicenter-region-wide-cohort-study
#10
Simone Lanini, Paola Scognamiglio, Alessandra Mecozzi, Lorella Lombardozzi, Vincenzo Vullo, Mario Angelico, Antonio Gasbarrini, Gloria Taliani, Adolfo Francesco Attili, Carlo Federico Perno, Adriano De Santis, Vincenzo Puro, Fabio Cerqua, Gianpiero D'Offizi, Adriano Pellicelli, Orlando Armignacco, Francesco Saverio Mennini, Massimo Siciliano, Enrico Girardi, Vincenzo Panella, Giuseppe Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Management of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has significantly accelerated in the last few years. Currently, second generation direct acting antivirals (DAAs) promise clearance of infection in most of patients. Here we present the results of the first analysis carried out on data of Lazio clinical network for DAAs. METHODS: The study was designed as a multicenter cohort: a) to assess the evolution of treatment during the first 24 months of the activity of the Clinical Network; b) to report overall efficacy of treatments; c) to analyze potential factors associated with lack of virological response at 12 weeks after therapy (SVR12); d) to evaluate the variation of ALT at baseline and 12 weeks after therapy in those who achieved SVR12 in comparison to those who did not...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768457/choice-of-time-horizon-critical-in-estimating-costs-and-effects-of-changes-to-hiv-programmes
#11
Nicky McCreesh, Ioannis Andrianakis, Rebecca N Nsubuga, Mark Strong, Ian Vernon, Trevelyan J McKinley, Jeremy E Oakley, Michael Goldstein, Richard Hayes, Richard G White
BACKGROUND: Uganda changed its antiretroviral therapy guidelines in 2014, increasing the CD4 threshold for antiretroviral therapy initiation from 350 cells/μl to 500 cells/μl. We investigate what effect this change in policy is likely to have on HIV incidence, morbidity, and programme costs, and estimate the cost-effectiveness of the change over different time horizons. METHODS: We used a complex individual-based model of HIV transmission and antiretroviral therapy scale-up in Uganda...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767681/drug-side-effects-and-retention-on-hiv-treatment-a-regression-discontinuity-study-of-tenofovir-implementation-in-south-africa-and-zambia
#12
Alana T Brennan, Jacob Bor, Mary-Ann Davies, Gilles Wandeler, Hans Prozesky, Geoffrey Fatti, Robin Wood, Kathryn Stinson, Frank Tanser, Till Bärnighausen, Andrew Boulle, Izukanji Sikazwe, Arianna Zanolini, Matthew P Fox
Tenofovir is less toxic than other nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors used in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and may improve retention of HIV-infected patients on ART. We assessed the impact of national guideline changes in South Africa (2010) and Zambia (2007) recommending tenofovir in first-line ART. We applied regression discontinuity in a prospective cohort of 52,294 HIV-infected adults initiating first-line ART within ±12-months of each guideline change. We compared outcomes in patients presenting just before/after the guideline changes using local linear regression and estimated intention-to-treat effects on initiation of tenofovir, retention in care, and other treatment outcomes at 24-months...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767324/an-empiric-risk-score-to-guide-prep-targeting-among-msm-in-coastal-kenya
#13
Elizabeth Wahome, Alexander N Thiong'o, Grace Mwashigadi, Oscar Chirro, Khamisi Mohamed, Evans Gichuru, John Mwambi, Matt A Price, Susan M Graham, Eduard J Sanders
Men who have sex with men (MSM), who have heterogeneous HIV-acquisition risks are not specifically targeted in Kenyan pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) guidelines. We used data from an open cohort, which followed 753 initially HIV-negative MSM participants for more than 1378.5 person-years, to develop an empiric risk score for targeting PrEP delivery. Independent predictors of incident HIV-1 infection in this cohort were an age of 18-24 years, having only male sex partners, having receptive anal intercourse, having any unprotected sex, and having group sex...
May 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762175/pregnancy-outcomes-and-infant-growth-among-babies-with-in-utero-exposure-to-tenofovir-based-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention
#14
Renee Heffron, Nelly Mugo, Ting Hong, Connie Celum, Mark A Marzinke, Kenneth Ngure, Stephen Asiimwe, Elly Katabira, Elizabeth Bukusi, Josephine Odoyo, Edna Tindimwebwa, Nulu Bulya, Jared M Baeten
BACKGROUND: Global guidelines recommend pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use by women at risk for HIV, including during pregnancy, a period with heightened HIV risk. However, data to support safety of PrEP use during pregnancy are limited, particularly from women using PrEP throughout pregnancy. METHODS: In an open-label delivery study of PrEP integrated with ART for high risk HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda (the Partners Demonstration Project), women who became pregnant while using PrEP were offered the option to continue PrEP throughout pregnancy...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757789/sociocultural-factors-influencing-infant-feeding-choices-among-african-immigrant-women-living-with-hiv-a-synthesis-of-the-literature
#15
Josephine Etowa, Shannan MacDonald, Jean Hannan, J Craig Phillips, Nana Yaa Boadu, Seye Babatunde
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The World Health Organizations (WHO) strategy is to eliminate pediatric HIV. HIV prevention guidelines in high-income countries recommend mothers living with HIV avoid breastfeeding. Yet, breastfeeding is promoted as the normal and unequalled method of feeding infants. This creates a paradox for mothers coming from cultures where breastfeeding is an expectation and formula feeding suggests illness. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to examine the context influencing infant feeding among African immigrant women living with HIV to develop interventions to reduce the risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750776/us-guidelines-that-empower-women-to-prevent-hiv-with-preexposure-prophylaxis
#16
Julia Raifman, Susan G Sherman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750550/knowledge-of-hiv-testing-guidelines-among-us-internal-medicine-residents-a-decade-after-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-routine-hiv-testing-recommendations
#17
Dima Dandachi, Bich N Dang, Rita Wilson Dib, Harvey Friedman, Thomas Giordano
Ten years after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended universal HIV screening, rates remain low. Internal medicine residents are the front-line medical providers for large groups of patients. We evaluated the knowledge of internal medicine residents about HIV testing guidelines and examined adherence to universal HIV testing in an outpatient setting. A cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents at four residency programs in Chicago was conducted from January to March 2016. Aggregate data on HIV screening were collected from 35 federally qualified community health centers in the Chicago area after inclusion of an HIV testing best practice alert in patients' electronic medical records...
May 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749875/missed-opportunities-for-tuberculosis-prevention-among-patients-accessing-a-uk-hiv-service
#18
Hannah M Rickman, Robert F Miller, Stephen Morris-Jones, Lusha Kellgren, Simon G Edwards, Alison D Grant
United Kingdom guidelines recommend screening for and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in HIV-positive patients at high risk of active tuberculosis (TB) disease, but implementation is suboptimal. We investigated potential missed opportunities to identify and treat LTBI among HIV-positive patients accessing a large HIV outpatient service in London. Case records of all adult patients attending our service for HIV care diagnosed with active TB between 2011 and 2015 were reviewed to determine whether they met criteria for LTBI screening and whether screening was undertaken...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747891/current-strategies-to-prevent-maternal-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
REVIEW
Leilah Zahedi-Spung, Martina L Badell
The World Health Organization's Millennium Development Goals 6 includes eliminating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in children as a top priority. Many states in the United States report maternal-to-child transmission rates less than 1% using the current recommendations for the management of HIV-infected pregnant women. This review article summarizes the most current management guidelines in caring for HIV-infected women and their infants to prevent maternal-to-child transmission.
June 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747581/mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-infection-and-its-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Getachew Mullu Kassa
BACKGROUND: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the main mode of HIV transmission in children under 15 years old. This problem is significant in the Sub-Saharan African countries, where more than 80% of children living with HIV are found. Previous studies in Ethiopia present inconsistent and inconclusive findings on the prevalence and associated factors of MTCT of HIV. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the pooled prevalence of MTCT of HIV and its associated factors in Ethiopia...
May 10, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
8804
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"