keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

paracetamol in fever

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169862/quantification-of-acetaminophen-and-its-metabolites-in-plasma-using-uplc-ms-doors-open-to-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-special-patient-populations
#1
Robert B Flint, Paola Mian, Bart van der Nagel, Nuria Slijkhuis, Birgit C P Koch
BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen (APAP, paracetamol) is the most commonly used drug for pain and fever in both the United States and Europe and considered safe when used at registered dosages. Nevertheless, differences between specific populations lead to remarkable changes in exposure to potentially toxic metabolites. Furthermore, extended knowledge is required on metabolite formation following intoxication, to optimize antidote treatment. Therefore, the authors aimed to develop and validate a quick and easy analytical method for simultaneous quantification of APAP, APAP-glucuronide, APAP-sulfate, APAP-cysteine, APAP-glutathione, APAP-mercapturate, and protein-derived APAP-cysteine in human plasma by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)...
February 6, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167290/albizia-zygia-dc-j-f-macbr-leguminosae-mimosoideae-root-extract-exhibits-anti-nociceptive-and-antipyretic-activities-in-murine-models
#2
Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Stanley Benjamin Lamptey, Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Eric Woode
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The root extract of Albizia zygia (DC.) J.F. Macbr. (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) is traditionally used in the management of pain and fever. However, little scientific data exists in literature to support its use. AIM OF STUDY: The present study evaluated the anti-nociceptive and antipyretic properties of the hydroethanolic extract of the roots of Albizia zygia in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analgesic effects were investigated in chemical (acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing and formalin tests), thermal (tail-immersion test) and mechanical (carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia) pain models...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097438/attitudes-towards-fever-amongst-uk-paediatric-intensive-care-staff
#3
Thomas Brick, Rachel S Agbeko, Patrick Davies, Peter J Davis, Akash Deep, Peter-Marc Fortune, David P Inwald, Amy Jones, Richard Levin, Kevin P Morris, John Pappachan, Samiran Ray, Shane M Tibby, Lyvonne N Tume, Mark J Peters
: The role played by fever in the outcome of critical illness in children is unclear. This survey of medical and nursing staff in 35 paediatric intensive care units and transport teams in the United Kingdom and Ireland established attitudes towards the management of children with fever. Four hundred sixty-two medical and nursing staff responded to a web-based survey request. Respondents answered eight questions regarding thresholds for temperature control in usual clinical practice, indications for paracetamol use, and readiness to participate in a clinical trial of permissive temperature control...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096254/factors-predicting-antibiotic-prescription-and-referral-to-hospital-for-children-with-respiratory-symptoms-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-study-at-out-of-hours-services-in-primary-care
#4
Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord, Hogne Sandvik, Anders Batman Mjelle, Steinar Hunskaar
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infections and fever among children are highly prevalent in primary care. It is challenging to distinguish between viral and bacterial infections. Norway has a relatively low prescription rate of antibiotics, but it is still regarded as too high as the antimicrobial resistance is increasing. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for prescribing antibiotics or referral to hospital among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092259/-first-case-of-chikungunya-fever-in-hermosillo-sonora-mexico
#5
Miguel Ángel Martínez-Medina, Ismael Antonio Cañedo-Dorame
The Chikungunya is an arbovirus first described during a 1952 outbreak of febrile exantematic disease in southern Tanganyika (now Tanzania). It is a virus within the alphavirus genus of the Togaviridae family, it is usually transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. Typically, the disease manifests as acute onset of fever and joint pains. This study describes the clinical characteristics the first imported case infected with chikungunya fever (CHIK) in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. We report the case of a 30 years old man seen in our emergency department due to fever, polyarthralgia, rash and headache...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078650/in-vivo-efficacy-of-latex-from-calotropis-procera-in-ameliorating-fever-biochemical-characteristics-and-plausible-mechanism
#6
Vijay L Kumar, B Guruprasad, Syed Meraj A Fatmi, Priyanka Chaudhary, Nylane Maria Nunes Alencar, José Vitor Moreira Lima-Filho, Márcio Viana Ramos
Calotropis procera latex fractions possessing anti-inflammatory property were characterized for their biochemical properties, compared for their efficacy in ameliorating fever in rats and their mechanism of action was elucidated. Aqueous fraction and methanol extract (AqDL and MeDL) were derived from the dried latex (DL) and proteins were separated from the fresh latex (LP). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis carried out under denaturing conditions showed the presence of proteins with some similarity in LP and AqDL and both of these fractions exhibited proteinase activity by gelatin zymography...
January 11, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063133/a-clinical-and-safety-review-of-paracetamol-and-ibuprofen-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Dipak J Kanabar
The antipyretic analgesics, paracetamol, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents NSAIDs are one of the most widely used classes of medications in children. The aim of this review is to determine if there are any clinically relevant differences in safety between ibuprofen and paracetamol that may recommend one agent over the other in the management of fever and discomfort in children older than 3 months of age.
February 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031314/paracetamol-use-during-pregnancy-and-attention-and-executive-function-in-offspring-at-age-5-years
#8
Zeyan Liew, Cathrine Carlsen Bach, Robert F Asarnow, Beate Ritz, Jørn Olsen
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that inutero exposure to paracetamol, the most common pain and fever medication used in pregnancy, may affect neurodevelopment in offspring. We aim to examine whether maternal use of paracetamol during pregnancy affects the attention and executive function of children at age 5 years. METHODS: We studied 1491 mothers and children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC; 1996-2002). Prenatal paracetamol use was prospectively recorded in three telephone interviews...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992852/paracetamol-in-fever-in-critically-ill-patients-an-update
#9
REVIEW
D Chiumello, M Gotti, G Vergani
Fever, which is arbitrary defined as an increase in body temperature above 38.3°C, can affect up to 90% of patients admitted in intensive care unit. Induction of fever is mediated by the release of pyrogenic cytokines (tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 1, interleukin 6, and interferons). Fever is associated with increased length of stay in intensive care unit and with a worse outcome in some subgroups of patients (mainly neurocritically ill patients). Although fever can increase oxygen consumption in unstable patients, on the contrary, it can activate physiologic systems that are involved in pathogens clearance...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977844/paracetamol-acetaminophen-or-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-alone-or-combined-for-pain-relief-in-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Alies Sjoukes, Roderick P Venekamp, Alma C van de Pol, Alastair D Hay, Paul Little, Anne Gm Schilder, Roger Amj Damoiseaux
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood infectious diseases and a significant reason for antibiotic prescriptions in children worldwide. Pain from middle ear infection and pressure behind the eardrum is the key symptom of AOM. Ear pain is central to children's and parents' experience of the illness. Because antibiotics provide only marginal benefits, analgesic treatment including paracetamol (acetaminophen) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is regarded as the cornerstone of AOM management in children...
15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958254/parental-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-childhood-fever-in-turkish-primary-care
#11
E Yavuz, E Yayla, S E Cebeci, E Kırımlı, R Ş Gümüştakım, L Çakır, S Doğan
BACKGROUND: Fever is a very common problem in pediatric age and is one of the most common reasons parents seek medical attention. We aimed to investigate beliefs, habits, and concerns of Turkish parents regarding their children's fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey which was conducted as face-to-face interviews by family physicians from April to June 2014 in family healthcare centers in nine different cities in Turkey. Parents with a child with fever aged between 0 and 14 years were interviewed...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927089/an-evaluation-of-the-anti-inflammatory-antipyretic-and-analgesic-effects-of-hydroethanol-leaf-extract-of-albizia-zygia-in-animal-models
#12
Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Stanley Benjamin Lamptey, Stephen Afrane, Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Ruth Uwa Umoh, Eric Woode
CONTEXT: The leaves of Albizia zygia (DC.) J.F. Macbr. (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) are used in Ghanaian traditional medicine for the treatment of pain, inflammatory disorders and fever (including malaria). OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic effects of the hydroethanol leaf extract of Albizia zygia (AZE) in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects of AZE were examined in the carrageenan-induced foot oedema model and the baker's yeast-induced pyrexia test respectively...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810155/2016-update-of-the-italian-pediatric-society-guidelines-for-management-of-fever-in-children
#13
Elena Chiappini, Elisabetta Venturini, Giulia Remaschi, Nicola Principi, Riccardo Longhi, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Paolo Becherucci, Francesca Bonsignori, Susanna Esposito, Filippo Festini, Luisa Galli, Bice Lucchesi, Alessandro Mugelli, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Maurizio de Martino
OBJECTIVE: To review new scientific evidence to update the Italian guidelines for managing fever in children as drafted by the panel of the Italian Pediatric Society. STUDY DESIGN: Relevant publications in English and Italian were identified through search of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from May 2012 to November 2015. RESULTS: Previous recommendations are substantially reaffirmed. Antipyretics should be administered with the purpose to control the child's discomfort...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792836/randomized-controlled-multicentre-clinical-trial-of-the-antipyretic-effect-of-intravenous-paracetamol-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-with-infection
#14
Thomas Tsaganos, Ioulia K Tseti, Nikolaos Tziolos, Georgios-Stefanos Soumelas, Marina Koupetori, Athina Pyrpasopoulou, Karolina Akinosoglou, Charalambos Gogos, Nikolaos Tsokos, Asterios Karagiannis, Styliani Sympardi, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis
AIM: No randomized study has been conducted to investigate the use of intravenous paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) for the management of fever due to infection. The present study evaluated a new ready-made infusion of paracetamol. METHODS: Eighty patients with a body temperature onset ≥38.5°C in the previous 24 h due to infection were randomized to a single administration of placebo (n = 39) or 1 g paracetamol (n = 41), and their temperature was recorded at standard intervals...
October 28, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781110/why-fever-phobia-is-still-common
#15
Suzan Gunduz, Esma Usak, Tulin Koksal, Metin Canbal
BACKGROUND: Fever is a reliable sign of illness, but it also evokes fear and anxiety. It is not the fever itself but the fear of possible complications and accompanying symptoms that is important for pediatricians and parents. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate maternal understanding of fever, its potential consequences, and impacts on the treatment of children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was use to explore the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of mothers of 861 children brought to four medical centers in different regions of Turkey in 2012, with fever being the chief complaint...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733747/national-modulators-of-symptomatic-fever-management-in-children-comparative-analysis-of-survey-data
#16
Sebastiano A Lava, Maristella Santi, Gregorio P Milani, Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti
BACKGROUND: In symptomatic fever management of children, cultural differences have been detected. We aimed at investigating the presence of national modulators of symptomatic fever management. METHODS: We analyzed the data collected in the context of the Swiss national survey on symptomatic fever management in children and of an adapted version of that survey performed in Lombardy (Northern Italy). RESULTS: Ibuprofen (p<0.001) and an alternation regimen with 2 drugs (p<0...
October 12, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567587/effects-of-luteolin-and-quercetin-3-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-identified-from-passiflora-subpeltata-leaves-against-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#17
Saravanan Shanmugam, Parimelazhagan Thangaraj, Bruno Dos Santos Lima, Rahul Chandran, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Narendra Narain, Mairim Russo Serafini, Lucindo José Quintans Júnior
Passiflora subpeltata has many beneficial effects in the treatment of various diseases including inflammation, pain and fever. This study was aimed to analyze the phytochemical compounds present in acetone extract of P. subpeltata leaves and to evaluate their performance against paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity activity. HPLC-DAD method was used to identify and quantify the phytochemical compounds. Hepatoprotective activity of acetone extract in the treatment of rat liver functions was monitored by the measurement of blood parameters and serum biochemical parameters such as SGOT, SGPT, ALP and in vivo antioxidant parameters viz...
October 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541270/effects-of-prophylactic-ibuprofen-and-paracetamol-administration-on-the-immunogenicity-and-reactogenicity-of-the-10-valent-pneumococcal-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-protein-d-conjugated-vaccine-phid-cv-co-administered-with-dtpa-combined-vaccines-in-children
#18
Oana Falup-Pecurariu, Sorin C Man, Mihai L Neamtu, Gratiana Chicin, Ginel Baciu, Carmen Pitic, Alexandra C Cara, Andrea E Neculau, Marin Burlea, Ileana L Brinza, Cristina N Schnell, Valentina Sas, Valeriu V Lupu, Nancy François, Kristien Swinnen, Dorota Borys
Prophylactic paracetamol administration impacts vaccine immune response; this study ( www.clinicaltrials.gov : NCT01235949) is the first to assess PHiD-CV immunogenicity following prophylactic ibuprofen administration. In this phase IV, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled, non-inferiority study in Romania (November 2010-December 2012), healthy infants were randomized 3:3:3:1:1:1 to prophylactically receive immediate, delayed or no ibuprofen (IIBU, DIBU, NIBU) or paracetamol (IPARA, DPARA, NPARA) after each of three primary doses (PHiD-CV at age three/four/five months co-administered with DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib at three/five and DTPa-IPV/Hib at four months) or booster dose (PHiD-CV and DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib; 12-15 months)...
August 19, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479646/prenatal-use-of-acetaminophen-and-child-iq-a-danish-cohort-study
#19
Zeyan Liew, Beate Ritz, Jasveer Virk, Onyebuchi A Arah, Jørn Olsen
BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is the most commonly used pain and fever medication during pregnancy, and recently has been linked to hyperactivity and behavioral problems in children. We examine whether prenatal use of acetaminophen affects children's intelligence quotient (IQ). METHODS: We studied 1,491 mothers and children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC; 1996-2002). Acetaminophen use in pregnancy was prospectively recorded in three telephone interviews...
November 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476283/effect-of-paracetamol-on-melanization-process-in-human-epidermal-melanocytes
#20
Dorota Wrześniok, Martyna Oprzondek, Anna Hechmann, Artur Beberok, Michał Otreba, Ewa Buszman
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is commonly used as a drug of choice for treatment of pain and fever. Unlike non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) it does not cause gastrointestinal damage or untoward cardiorenal effects, however cutaneous adverse effects have been reported. It is known that paracetamol binds to melanin biopolymers, but the relation between the affinity of this drug to melanin and its toxicity is not documented. The aim of this work was to examine the impact of paracetamol on melanogenesis in cultured human normal epidermal melanocytes (HEMn-DP)...
May 2016: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
keyword
keyword
88037
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"