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Melissa D Amosco, Van Anthony M Villar, Justin Michael A Naniong, Lara Marie G David-Bustamante, Pedro A Jose, Cynthia P Palmes-Saloma
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family is important for establishing normal pregnancy, and related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are implicated in abnormal placentation and preeclampsia. We evaluated the association between preeclampsia and several VEGF SNPs among Filipinos, an ethnically distinct group with high prevalence of preeclampsia. The genotypes and allelic variants were determined in a case-control study (191 controls and 165 preeclampsia patients) through SNP analysis of VEGF-A (rs2010963, rs3025039) and VEGF-C (rs7664413) and their corresponding receptors VEGFR1 (rs722503, rs12584067, rs7335588) and VEGFR3 (rs307826) from venous blood DNA...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Yulia Ga-Eun Lee, Gou Young Koh
BACKGROUND: Lymph node (LN) formation requires multiple but coordinated signaling from intrinsic and extrinsic cellular components during embryogenesis. However, the contribution and role of lymphatic vessels (LVs) in LN formation and maturation are poorly defined. Here, using lymphatic-specific reporters, Prox1-GFP mice and Vegfc(+/LacZ) mice, we analyzed migration, assembly, and ingrowth of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) in LNs during pre- and postnatal development. RESULTS: Prox1(+) LECs form string-like connections rather than lymph sac-like structures until E14...
September 13, 2016: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
Anita M Lampinen, Juha P Virman, Petri Bono, Tiina H Luukkaala, Kaisa L Sunela, Paula M Kujala, Pipsa Saharinen, Pirkko-Liisa I Kellokumpu-Lehtinen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Ang-2 expression alone and in combination with expression of cell proliferation and cell survival markers (MIB-1 and Bcl-2) and angiogenesis markers (VEGFR3 and CD31), and the associations of these markers with renal cell cancer (RCC) in long-term survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 224 patients with RCC who were treated before the availability of antiangiogenic agents between 1985 and 1995, at the Pirkanmaa Hospital District in Finland...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Jinlong Li, Yan Chen, Li Zhang, Lianping Xing, Hao Xu, Yongjun Wang, Qi Shi, Qianqian Liang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lymphatic system plays an important role in maintaining the fluid homeostasis and normal immune responses, anatomic or functional obstruction of which leads to lymphedema, and treatments for therapeutic lymphangiogenesis are efficiency for secondary lymphedema. Total saponins of panaxnotoginseng (PNS) are a mixture isolated from Panaxnotoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen, which has been used as traditional Chinese medicine in China for treatment of cardio- and cerebro-vascular diseases...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ting Yue, Xiaodong Zheng, Yaling Dou, Xiaohu Zheng, Rui Sun, Zhigang Tian, Haiming Wei
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a cytokine that has been reported to exhibit potent tumoricidal effects in animal tumor models. A combined approach using Paclitaxel and platinum-based doublet chemotherapy is the most commonly used backbone regimen for treating lung cancer. Despite numerous studies regarding the anti-tumor effects of IL-12 and the widespread use of conventional chemotherapy, few direct comparisons of IL-12 and conventional chemotherapy in the treatment of lung cancer have been performed...
2016: BMC Cancer
Jingwen Wang, Yuhong Huang, Jun Zhang, Yuanyi Wei, Salma Mahoud, Ahmed Musa Hago Bakheet, Li Wang, Shuting Zhou, Jianwu Tang
Precondition for tumor lymphatic metastasis is that tumor cells induce formation of original and newborn lymphatic vessels and invade surrounding lymphatic vessels in tumor stroma, while some pathway-related molecules play an important role in mechanisms associated with proliferation and migration of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) and tumor cells. In lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis, the pathway-related molecules of VEGFC/D-VEGFR3/NRP2 axis, such as Furin-like enzyme, CNTN1, Prox1, LYVE-1, Podoplanin, SOX18, SDF1 and CXCR4, are direct constitutors as a portion of VEGFC/D-VEGFR3/NRP2 axis, and their biological activities rely on this ligand-receptor system...
October 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Amanda W Lund, Marek Wagner, Manuel Fankhauser, Eli S Steinskog, Maria A Broggi, Stefani Spranger, Thomas F Gajewski, Kari Alitalo, Hans P Eikesdal, Helge Wiig, Melody A Swartz
Lymphatic remodeling in tumor microenvironments correlates with progression and metastasis, and local lymphatic vessels play complex and poorly understood roles in tumor immunity. Tumor lymphangiogenesis is associated with increased immune suppression, yet lymphatic vessels are required for fluid drainage and immune cell trafficking to lymph nodes, where adaptive immune responses are mounted. Here, we examined the contribution of lymphatic drainage to tumor inflammation and immunity using a mouse model that lacks dermal lymphatic vessels (K14-VEGFR3-Ig mice)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Peng Zhang, Dongxu He, Zhen Chen, Qiongxi Pan, Fangfang Du, Xian Zang, Yan Wang, Chunlei Tang, Hong Li, He Lu, Xiaoqiang Yao, Jian Jin, Xin Ma
It is believed that tumor cells can give rise to endothelial cells and tumor endothelium has a neoplastic origin. Yet, the stimuli and underlying mechanism remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that adriamycin or paclitaxel, first-line chemotherapy agent, induced breast cancer cells to generate morphological, phenotypical and functional features of endothelial cells in vitro. In xenografts models, challenges from adriamycin or paclitaxel induced cancer cells to generate the majority of microvessels. Importantly, in breast cancer specimens from patients with neoadjuvant anthracycline-based or taxane-based chemotherapy, tumor-derived endothelial microvessels, lined by EGFR-amplified or/and TP53(+)-CD31(+) endothelial cells, was significantly higher in patients with progressive or stable disease (PD/SD) than in those with a partial or complete response (PR/CR)...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Yijie Geng, Bradley Feng
The emerging models of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) self-organizing organoids provide a valuable in vitro platform for studying self-organizing processes that presumably mimic in vivo human developmental events. Here we report that through a chemical screen, we identified two novel and structurally similar small molecules BIR1 and BIR2 which robustly induced the self-organization of a balloon-shaped three-dimensional structure when applied to two-dimensional adherent hESC cultures in the absence of growth factors...
July 2016: Heliyon
Tsuruhito Tanaka, Nirmal Panthee, Yoshifumi Itoda, Naoko Yamauchi, Masashi Fukayama, Minoru Ono
BACKGROUND: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is commonly used to accelerate wound healing, especially following thoracic surgery; however, the mechanism remains elusive. Given the important role of vasculogenesis in wound healing, we evaluated whether NPWT might accelerate vasculogenesis in the wound area. Toward this end, we investigated the temporal expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) in an NPWT-wound healing rabbit model. METHODS: Rabbits were divided into an NPWT group and a non-NPWT control group, and tissue samples were collected around wounds made in the skin of each rabbit at five time points: 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after wound creation...
2016: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
Xin Ma, Lei Wang, Hongzhao Li, Yu Zhang, Yu Gao, Gang Guo, Kan Liu, Qingyu Meng, Chaofei Zhao, Dianjun Wang, Zhigang Song, Xu Zhang
Targeted drug decisions in metastatic renal cell carcinoma are exclusively made on the basis of clinical criteria. We investigated whether these biomarkers (HIF-1α, HIF-2α, CAIX, VEGF, VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFB, PDGFRA, PDGFRB, CD31, CD44, bcl-xL, KIT, p21, CXCR4, PTEN, (CSF)-1R, RET, and FLT-3) can predictive the different effects between sunitinib and sorafenib treatments and are available to guide targeted drug selection. We enrolled all patients who underwent nephrectomy with postoperative sunitinib- or sorafenib-treatment at our institution from 2007 to 2012...
2016: Scientific Reports
Chih-Wei Chou, Hsiao-Chu Hsu, May-Su You, Jamie Lin, Yi-Wen Liu
Integration of blood vessels and organ primordia determines organ shape and function. The head kidney in the zebrafish interacts with the dorsal aorta (DA) and the posterior cardinal vein (PCV) to achieve glomerular filtration and definitive hematopoiesis, respectively. How the head kidney co-develops with both the axial artery and vein remains unclear. We found that in endodermless sox32-deficient embryos, the head kidney associated with the PCV but not the DA. Disrupted convergent migration of the PCV and the head kidney in sox32-deficient embryos was rescued in a highly coordinated fashion through the restoration of endodermal cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
Bingling Dai, Wenjie Wang, Yujiao Ma, Rui Liu, Yanmin Zhang
Colorectal cancer is a common gastrointestinal malignancy worldwide and it is a lethal and aggressive malignancy with a dismal prognosis. In the present study, we investigated the effect of taspine derivative 12k on human colorectal cancer targeted at EphrinB2 and its PDZ. The results indicated that 12k could bind to EphrinB2 and showed a higher suppressive effect on EphrinB2/HEK293 than on HEK293 cells. Caco‑2 cells were screened for high expression of EphrinB2. We found that 12k not only significantly decreased Caco‑2 cell viability and colony formation but impaired migration...
September 2016: Oncology Reports
Jolanta Krajewska, Aleksandra Kukulska, Barbara Jarzab
INTRODUCTION: Radioiodine [RAI]-resistant advanced and progressive differentiated thyroid cancer [DTC], although rare, constitutes a real challenge as its prognosis is poor and available therapeutic options, until now, have been limited. Discovery of a crucial role of distinct tyrosine kinases in DTC pathogenesis opened up new options in systemic treatment. Lenvatinib is an oral potent multi kinase inhibitor [MKI] of different growth factor receptors including VEGFR1/Flt-1, VEGFR2/KDR, VEGFR3, FGFR1,2,3,4, PDGFR-β as well as RET and KIT signaling networks...
August 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Timothy R Holzer, Angie D Fulford, Leslie O'Neill Reising, Drew M Nedderman, Xuekui Zhang, Laura E Benjamin, Andrew E Schade, Aejaz Nasir
BACKGROUND: the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway plays a prominent role in the growth and progression of human cancer, including non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The key mediators of VEGF signaling are a family of related receptor tyrosine kinases that include VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3. The relative expression levels, activity, and cross-talk among these receptors may contribute to response of NSCLC to anti-angiogenic therapies, and a better systematic, translatable approach to categorizing tumors is needed...
July 2016: Anticancer Research
Michaela Jung, Bilge Ören, Javier Mora, Christina Mertens, Sarah Dziumbla, Rüdiger Popp, Andreas Weigert, Nina Grossmann, Ingrid Fleming, Bernhard Brüne
Tumor cell-derived factors skew macrophages toward a tumor-supporting phenotype associated with the secretion of protumorigenic mediators. Apoptosing tumor cells release sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), which stimulates the production of lipocalin 2 (LCN2) in tumor-associated macrophages and is associated with tumor metastasis. We explored the mechanism by which S1P induces LCN2 in macrophages and investigated how this contributed to tumor growth and metastasis. Knockdown of S1P receptor 1 (S1PR1) in primary human macrophages and experiments with bone marrow-derived macrophages from S1PR1-deficient mice showed that S1P signaled through S1PR1 to induce LCN2 expression...
2016: Science Signaling
Shentong Fang, Harri Nurmi, Krista Heinolainen, Shuo Chen, Essi Salminen, Pipsa Saharinen, Hanna K A Mikkola, Kari Alitalo
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) is a major driver of lymphangiogenesis in embryos and adults. Vegfc gene deletion in mouse embryos results in failure of lymphangiogenesis, fluid accumulation in tissues, and lethality. The VEGF-C receptors VEGFR3 and VEGFR2 are required for embryonic blood vessel formation. The related VEGF is essential for both blood vessel formation and embryonic hematopoiesis, whereas the possible involvement of VEGF-C in hematopoiesis is unknown. Here we unveil a novel hematopoietic function of VEGF-C in fetal erythropoiesis...
August 4, 2016: Blood
Kyu-Yeon Han, Jin-Hong Chang, Hyun Lee, Dimitri T Azar
PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14) has been shown to be required for corneal angiogenesis. We hypothesized that the proangiogenic activity of MMP14 may be based on its selective binding to, and cleaving of, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), but not VEGFR2 or VEGFR3. METHODS: Recombinant human (rh)VEGFR1, R2, and R3 were incubated with human MMP14, and the reaction mixtures were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Coomassie blue staining. Surface plasmon resonance was used to determine the equilibrium constants (KD) for binding between MMP14 and VEGFA versus rhVEGFR1, R2, and R3...
June 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Lu Liu, Qiaoming Zhi, Meng Shen, Fei-Ran Gong, Binhua P Zhou, Lian Lian, Bairong Shen, Kai Chen, Weiming Duan, Meng-Yao Wu, Min Tao, Wei Li
The WNT/β-catenin pathway plays an important role in pancreatic cancer carcinogenesis. We evaluated the correlation between aberrant β-catenin pathway activation and the prognosis pancreatic cancer, and the potential of applying the β-catenin pathway inhibitor FH535 to pancreatic cancer treatment. Meta-analysis and immunohistochemistry showed that abnormal β-catenin pathway activation was associated with unfavorable outcome. FH535 repressed pancreatic cancer xenograft growth in vivo. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis of microarray data indicated that target genes responding to FH535 participated in stemness maintenance...
June 13, 2016: Oncotarget
B B Hassan, S M Elshafae, W Supsavhad, J K Simmons, W P Dirksen, S M Sokkar, T J Rosol
Feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is similar to human breast cancer in the late age of onset, incidence, histopathologic features, biological behavior, and pattern of metastasis. Therefore, FMC has been proposed as a relevant model for aggressive human breast cancer. The goals of this study were to develop a nude mouse model of FMC tumor growth and metastasis and to measure the expression of genes responsible for lymphangiogenesis, angiogenesis, tumor progression, and lymph node metastasis in FMC tissues and cell lines...
June 8, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
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