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NAD AND NQO1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323302/vegetable-and-fruit-juice-enhances-antioxidant-capacity-and-regulates-antioxidant-gene-expression-in-rat-liver-brain-and-colon
#1
Linhong Yuan, Jinmeng Liu, Jie Zhen, Yao Xu, Shuying Chen, Nicholas Van Halm-Lutterodt, Rong Xiao
To explore the effect of fruit and vegetable (FV) juice on biomarkers of oxidative damage and antioxidant gene expression in rats, 36 adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, low FV juice dosage or high FV juice dosage treatment groups. The rats were given freshly extracted FV juice or the same volume of saline water daily for five weeks. After intervention, serum and tissues specimens were collected for biomarker and gene expression measurement. FV juice intervention increased total antioxidant capacity, glutathione, vitamin C, β-carotene, total polyphenols, flavonoids levels andglutathione peroxidaseenzyme activity in rat serum or tissues (p < 0...
March 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291250/site-to-site-interdomain-communication-may-mediate-different-loss-of-function-mechanisms-in-a-cancer-associated-nqo1-polymorphism
#2
Encarnación Medina-Carmona, Jose L Neira, Eduardo Salido, Julian E Fuchs, Rogelio Palomino-Morales, David J Timson, Angel L Pey
Disease associated genetic variations often cause intracellular enzyme inactivation, dysregulation and instability. However, allosteric communication of mutational effects to distant functional sites leading to loss-of-function remains poorly understood. We characterize here interdomain site-to-site communication by which a common cancer-associated single nucleotide polymorphism (c.C609T/p.P187S) reduces the activity and stability in vivo of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). NQO1 is a FAD-dependent, two-domain multifunctional stress protein acting as a Phase II enzyme, activating cancer pro-drugs and stabilizing p53 and p73α oncosuppressors...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283797/influence-of-nrf2-activators-on-subcellular-skeletal-muscle-protein-and-dna-synthesis-rates-after-6%C3%A2-weeks-of-milk-protein-feeding-in-older-adults
#3
Adam R Konopka, Jaime L Laurin, Robert V Musci, Christopher A Wolff, Justin J Reid, Laurie M Biela, Qian Zhang, Fredrick F Peelor, Christopher L Melby, Karyn L Hamilton, Benjamin F Miller
In older adults, chronic oxidative and inflammatory stresses are associated with an impaired increase in skeletal muscle protein synthesis after acute anabolic stimuli. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and Protandim have been shown to activate nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor for the antioxidant response element and anti-inflammatory pathways. This study tested the hypothesis that compared to a placebo control (CON), CLA and Protandim would increase skeletal muscle subcellular protein (myofibrillar, mitochondrial, cytoplasmic) and DNA synthesis in older adults after 6 weeks of milk protein feeding...
March 10, 2017: Geroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253885/the-nuclear-factor-erythroid-derived-2-like-2-nrf2-activator-dh404-protects-against-diabetes-induced-endothelial-dysfunction
#4
Arpeeta Sharma, Luddwi Rizky, Nada Stefanovic, Mitchel Tate, Rebecca H Ritchie, Keith W Ward, Judy B de Haan
BACKGROUND: Vascular dysfunction is a pivotal event in the development of diabetes-associated vascular disease. Increased inflammation and oxidative stress are major contributors to vascular dysfunction. Nrf2, a master regulator of several anti-oxidant genes and a suppressor of inflammatory NF-κB, has potential as a target to combat oxidative stress and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel Nrf2 activator, the bardoxolone methyl derivative dh404, on endothelial function in vitro and in vivo...
March 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250190/activation-of-nrf2-antioxidant-signaling-by-1-25-dihydroxycholecalciferol-prevents-leptin-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-human-endothelial-cells
#5
Thaisa M Teixeira, Danielly C da Costa, Angela C Resende, Christophe O Soulage, Flavia F Bezerra, Julio B Daleprane
Background: Obesity is associated with hyperleptinemia and endothelial dysfunction. Hyperleptinemia has been reported to induce both oxidative stress and inflammation by increasing reactive oxygen species production.Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol [1,25(OH)2D3] against leptin-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in human endothelial cells.Methods: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used to knock down the expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236663/catalytic-competence-structure-and-stability-of-the-cancer-associated-r139w-variant-of-the-human-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-nqo1
#6
Wolf-Dieter Lienhart, Emilia Strandback, Venugopal Gudipati, Karin Koch, Alexandra Binter, Michael K Uhl, David M Rantasa, Benjamin Bourgeois, Tobias Madl, Klaus Zangger, Karl Gruber, Peter Macheroux
The human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1; EC 1.6.99.2) is an essential enzyme in the antioxidant defence system. Furthermore, NQO1 protects tumour suppressors like p53, p33(ING)(1b) and p73 from proteasomal degradation. The activity of NQO1 is also exploited in chemotherapy for the activation of quinone-based treatments. Various single nucleotide polymorphisms are known, such as NQO1*2 and NQO1*3 yielding protein variants of NQO1 with single amino acid replacements, i.e. P187S and R139W, respectively...
February 25, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230744/s-allylmercaptocysteine%C3%A2-attenuates%C3%A2-cisplatin-induced%C3%A2-nephrotoxicity%C3%A2-through%C3%A2-suppression%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-apoptosis-%C3%A2-oxidative%C3%A2-stress-%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-inflammation
#7
Xiaosong Zhu, Xiaoyan Jiang, Ang Li, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li
Cisplatin is a potent chemotherapeutic agent, but its clinical usage is limited by nephrotoxicity. S-allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC), one of the water-soluble organosulfur garlic derivatives, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and plays an important role in protecting cells from apoptosis. This study aims to examine the protective effects of SAMC on cisplatin nephrotoxicity and to explore the mechanism of its renoprotection. Rats were treated with cisplatin with or without pre-treatment with SAMC...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214984/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-nbp-provides-neuroprotection-in-the-mice-models-after-traumatic-brain-injury-via-nrf2-are-signaling-pathway
#8
Zhengwei Liu, Handong Wang, Xiaofeng Shi, Liwen Li, Mengliang Zhou, Hui Ding, Youqing Yang, Xiang Li, Ke Ding
The present study was aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of NBP in the mice models of TBI, as well as the possible role of Nrf2-ARE pathways in the assumptive neuroprotection. In mice,a modified Marmarou's weight-drop model was employed to induce TBI. ICR mice were randomly assigned to four experimental groups: sham, TBI, TBI+vehicle(V) and TBI+NBP. NBP (100 mg/kg) was administered via an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection at 1 h following TBI. The administration of NBP significantly ameliorated the effects of the brain injury, including neurological deficits, brain water content, and cortical neuronal apoptosis...
February 18, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203294/correlation-between-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-c609t-polymorphism-and-increased-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#9
Jingfang Diao, Jie Bao, Jianxin Peng, Jiaqiang Mo, Qing Ye, Junming He
NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) C609T gene polymorphisms have been reported to influence the risk for esophageal cancer (EC) in many studies. However, the results remain controversial and ambiguous. We performed a meta-analysis, which included 13 independent studies with a total of 2357 subjects, to examine the association between NQO1 C609T polymorphism and EC. The association was assessed by five different gene models. The overall analysis suggested that the variant allele and genotypes were significantly related to increased risk of EC (odds ratio [OR] T versus C = 1...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192119/leflunomide-induces-nad-p-h-quinone-dehydrogenase-1-enzyme-via-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-in-neonatal-mice
#10
Amrit Kumar Shrestha, Ananddeep Patel, Renuka T Menon, Weiwu Jiang, Lihua Wang, Bhagavatula Moorthy, Binoy Shivanna
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) has been increasingly recognized to play a crucial role in normal physiological homeostasis. Additionally, disrupted AhR signaling leads to several pathological states in the lung and liver. AhR activation transcriptionally induces detoxifying enzymes such as cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A and NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1). The toxicity profiles of the classical AhR ligands such as 3-methylcholanthrene and dioxins limit their use as a therapeutic agent in humans. Hence, there is a need to identify nontoxic AhR ligands to develop AhR as a clinically relevant druggable target...
March 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191864/overexpression-of-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-inhibits-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-and-induced-apoptosis-by-activating-ampk-pgc-1%C3%AE-pathway
#11
Xin Zhang, Kun Han, Dong-Hong Yuan, Cun-Ying Meng
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common lethal malignancy and a leading cause of malignancy-associated death in many countries, but mainly in Asia. Expression of the NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) protein is involved in the growth of various human cancers, including HCC. NQO1 is considered an inhibitor of cancers. The present study aimed to investigate the function and mechanism of NQO1 in HCC. In this study, we found that NQO1 overexpression decreased HCC cell SK-hep-1 and Hep3B cell proliferation and induced apoptosis...
February 13, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188924/daphnetin-mediated-nrf2-antioxidant-signaling-pathways-ameliorate-tert-butyl-hydroperoxide-t-bhp-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-cell-death
#12
Hongming Lv, Qinmei Liu, Junfeng Zhou, Guangyun Tan, Xuming Deng, Xinxin Ci
Daphnetin (Daph), a natural coumarin derivative isolated from plants of the Genus Daphne, possesses abundant biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer properties. In the present study, we focused on investigating the protective effect of Daph against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction and the involvement of underlying molecular mechanisms. Our findings indicated that Daph effectively inhibited t-BHP-stimulated cytotoxicity, cell apoptosis, and mitochondrial dysfunction, which are associated with suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) formation, increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels and glutathione (GSH)/GSSG (oxidized GSH) ratio...
February 7, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159760/nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-nqo1-competes-with-20s-proteasome-for-binding-with-c-ebp%C3%AE-leading-to-its-stabilization-and-protection-against-radiation-induced-myeloproliferative-disease
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108387/inhibition-of-monoamine-oxidase-b-by-selegiline-reduces-cigarette-smoke-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-airway-epithelial-cells
#14
Yuting Cui, Kenneth W K Liu, Yingmin Liang, Mary S M Ip, Judith C W Mak
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is caused by the build-up of oxidative stress-induced damages due to cigarette smoking, but how monoamine oxidase (MAO)-B signaling is involved remains unclear. This study aims to establish the involvement of MAO-B signaling pathways in cigarette smoke medium (CSM)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in human airway epithelial cells (AECs). CSM treatment increased MAO-B activity, ROS levels and IL-8 release in AECs. Pretreatment with MAO-B selective inhibitor selegiline reversed the CSM-induced changes in MAO-B activity, ROS levels and IL-8 release in a dose-dependent manner...
February 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028389/short-term-exposure-to-50-hz-electromagnetic-field-and-alterations-in-nqo1-and-nqo2-expression-in-mcf-7-cells
#15
Hamideh Mahmoudinasab, Mostafa Saadat
AIM: Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) have some genotoxic effects and it may alter the mRNA levels of antioxidant genes. The NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) and NQO2 are ubiquitously expressed. Considering that there is no published data on the effect(s) of ELF-EMF (50-Hz) exposure and expression levels of NQO1 and NQO2 in the human MCF-7 cells, the present study was carried out. METHODS: The ELF-EMF (0.25 and 0.50 mT) exposure patterns were: 5 min field-on/5 min filed-off, 15 min field-on/15 min field-off, and 30 min field-on continuously...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025122/protective-effect-of-rutaecarpine-against-t-bhp-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-upregulating-antioxidant-enzymes-via-the-camkii-akt-and-nrf2-are-pathways
#16
Sun Woo Jin, Yong Pil Hwang, Chul Yung Choi, Hyung Gyun Kim, Se Jong Kim, Yongan Kim, Young Chul Chung, Kyung Jin Lee, Tae Cheon Jeong, Hye Gwang Jeong
Rutaecarpine, an indolopyridoquinazolinone alkaloid isolated from the unripe fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa, has been shown to have cytoprotective potential, but the molecular mechanism underlying this activity remains unclear. Our study was designed to investigate the cytoprotective effect of rutaecarpine against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) and to elucidate its action mechanism of action of rutaecarpine in a cultured HepG2 cell line and in mouse liver. Rutaecarpine decreased t-BHP-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis in HepG2 cells...
February 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006669/alkynyloxy-derivatives-of-5-8-quinolinedione-synthesis-in%C3%A2-vitro-cytotoxicity-studies-and-computational-molecular-modeling-with-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1
#17
Monika Kadela-Tomanek, Maria Jastrzębska, Bartosz Pawełczak, Ewa Bębenek, Elwira Chrobak, Małgorzata Latocha, Maria Książek, Joachim Kusz, Stanisław Boryczka
The natural 7-amino-5,8-quinolinodione antibiotics were the substrate for the NQO1 protein. The structure-activity relationship showed that the 5,8-quinolinedione moiety was responsible for the interaction with the enzyme. In our research, we presented the synthesis, cytotoxic activity and theoretical study of a 5,8-quinolinedione compound as a potential inhibitor of the NQO1 enzyme. Mono and disubstituted alkynyloxy derivatives of the 5,8-quinolinedione were synthesized and characterized by (1)H, (13)C NMR, IR and HR-MS spectra...
January 27, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000977/silac-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-reveals-widespread-molecular-alterations-in-human-skin-keratinocytes-upon-chronic-arsenic-exposure
#18
Sartaj Ahmad Mir, Sneha M Pinto, Somnath Paul, Remya Raja, Vishalakshi Nanjappa, Nazia Syed, Jayshree Advani, Santosh Renuse, Nandini A Sahasrabuddhe, T S Keshava Prasad, Ashok K Giri, Harsha Gowda, Aditi Chatterjee
Chronic exposure to arsenic is associated with dermatological and nondermatological disorders. Consumption of arsenic-contaminated drinking water results in accumulation of arsenic in liver, spleen, kidneys, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract. Although arsenic is cleared from these sites, a substantial amount of residual arsenic is left in keratin-rich tissues including skin. Epidemiological studies suggest the association of skin cancer upon arsenic exposure, however, the mechanism of arsenic-induced carcinogenesis is not completely understood...
October 19, 2016: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000844/cytoprotective-effects-of-esculetin-against-oxidative-stress-are-associated-with-the-upregulation-of-nrf2-mediated-nqo1-expression-via-the-activation-of-the-erk-pathway
#19
Min Ho Han, Cheol Park, Dae-Sung Lee, Su-Hyun Hong, Il-Whan Choi, Gi-Young Kim, Sung Hyun Choi, Jung-Hyun Shim, Jung-Il Chae, Young Hyun Yoo, Yung Hyun Choi
Esculetin, a coumarin derivative isolated from a variety of medicinal herbs, has been reported to possess multiple therapeutic and pharmacological actions. Although several studies have demonstrated the antioxidant activity of esculetin, its mechanisms of action have not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of esculetin against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced oxidative stress in C2C12 myoblasts and to investigate the mechanisms involved in this process. Our data indicated that esculetin preconditioning significantly attenuated H2O2‑induced growth inhibition and DNA damage and the apoptosis of C2C12 cells by suppressing intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation...
February 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986568/distinct-responses-of-compartmentalized-glutathione-redox-potentials-to-pharmacologic-quinones-targeting-nqo1
#20
Vladimir L Kolossov, Nagendraprabhu Ponnuraj, Jessica N Beaudoin, Matthew T Leslie, Paul J Kenis, H Rex Gaskins
Deoxynyboquinone (DNQ), a potent novel quinone-based antineoplastic agent, selectively kills solid cancers with overexpressed cytosolic NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) via excessive ROS production. A genetically encoded redox-sensitive probe was used to monitor intraorganellar glutathione redox potentials (EGSH) as a direct indicator of cellular oxidative stress following chemotherapeutic administration. Beta-lapachone (β-lap) and DNQ-induced spatiotemporal redox responses were monitored in human lung A549 and pancreatic MIA-PaCa-2 adenocarcinoma cells incubated with or without dicumarol and ES936, potent NQO1 inhibitors...
January 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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