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NAD AND NQO1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903425/activation-of-akt-and-jnk-nrf2-nqo1-pathway-contributes-to-the-protective-effect-of-coptisine-against-aaph-induced-oxidative-stress
#1
Yin-Ran Hu, Hang Ma, Zong-Yao Zou, Kai He, Yu-Bo Xiao, Yue Wang, Min Feng, Xiao-Li Ye, Xue-Gang Li
Coptisine (COP) is one of the main active constituents of Coptidis Rhizoma. Previous studies have clarified that COP possesses antioxidant activity, but its defensive effects against pathological characteristics accompanied by oxidative damage in animal models and antioxidant mechanism are still unclear. Therefore, our purpose was to confirm the antioxidant activity of COP and explore its mechanism of action. We first detected the effects of COP on intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), heart beating rate, lipid peroxidation and cell death in zebrafish model with AAPH-induced oxidative stress...
November 27, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888691/redox-imbalance-and-mitochondrial-abnormalities-in-the-diabetic-lung
#2
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Liang-Jun Yan
Although the lung is one of the least studied organs in diabetes, increasing evidence indicates that it is an inevitable target of diabetic complications. Nevertheless, the underlying biochemical mechanisms of lung injury in diabetes remain largely unexplored. Given that redox imbalance, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction have been implicated in diabetic tissue injury, we set out to investigate mechanisms of lung injury in diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate NADH/NAD(+) redox status, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial abnormalities in the diabetic lung...
November 17, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884351/in%C3%A2-vivo-imaging-of-antioxidant-response-element-activity-during-liver-regeneration-after-partial-hepatectomy
#3
Patrick Hamid Alizai, Lea Bertram, Athanassios Fragoulis, Christoph J Wruck, Daniela C Kroy, Uwe Klinge, Ulf P Neumann, Maximilian Schmeding
BACKGROUND: The nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) -antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway is important for the regulation of antioxidative stress response and detoxification. To activate the expression of its target genes, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone) 1 (NQO1), Nrf2 binds to the ARE within the promoter region of these genes. Partial hepatectomy and consecutive liver regeneration lead to oxidative stress with activation of the Nrf2-ARE pathway...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867096/ptgr1-expression-is-regulated-by-nrf2-in-rat-hepatocarcinogenesis-and-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-resistance-to-oxidative-stress
#4
Ricardo Sánchez-Rodríguez, Julia Esperanza Torres-Mena, Valeria Quintanar-Jurado, Victoria Chagoya-Hazas, Emilio Rojas Del Castillo, Luis Del Pozo Yauner, Saul Villa-Treviño, Julio Isael Pérez-Carreón
Prostaglandin reductase-1 (Ptgr1) is an alkenal/one oxidoreductase that is involved in the catabolism of eicosanoids and lipid peroxidation such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Recently, we reported that Ptgr1 is overexpressed in human clinical and experimentally induced samples of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, how the expression of this gene is regulated and its role in carcinogenesis are not yet known. Here, we studied parameters associated with antioxidant responses and the mechanisms underlying the induction of Ptgr1 expression by the activation of Nuclear Factor (erythroid-derived-2)-like-2 (NRF2)...
November 18, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860235/a-functional-pseudogene-nmral2p-is-regulated-by-nrf2-and-serves-as-a-co-activator-of-nqo1-in-sulforaphane-treated-colon-cancer-cells
#5
Gavin S Johnson, Jia Li, Laura M Beaver, W Mohaiza Dashwood, Deqiang Sun, Praveen Rajendran, David E Williams, Emily Ho, Roderick H Dashwood
SCOPE: The anticancer agent sulforaphane (SFN) acts via multiple mechanisms to modulate gene expression, including the induction of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-dependent signaling and the inhibition of histone deacetylase activity. Transcriptomics studies were performed in SFN-treated human colon cancer cells and in non-transformed colonic epithelial cells in order to pursue new mechanistic leads. METHODS AND RESULTS: RNA-sequencing corroborated the expected changes in cancer-related pathways after SFN treatment...
November 18, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829520/affinity-based-small-fluorescent-probe-for-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-nqo1-design-synthesis-and-pharmacological-evaluation
#6
Jinlei Bian, Xiang Li, Lili Xu, Nan Wang, Xue Qian, Qidong You, Xiaojin Zhang
NQO1 is a dimeric flavoprotein which intimately associated with cancer and overexpressed in the cytosol of numerous human tumor cells. Given that the cellular environment is quite dynamic and versatile, further investigation of the function of NQO1 depends on tools for specific detection of it. Currently, several activity-based assays have been developed to detect NQO1-expressing cancerous tissues. Herein, we report the development of a functional affinity-based small-molecule probe which is composed of a potent small-molecule NQO1 inhibitor 3d as the recognition group, a linker and the fluorophores group FITC...
November 1, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822011/ursolic-acid-sensitizes-cisplatin-resistant-hepg2-ddp-cells-to-cisplatin-via-inhibiting-nrf2-are-pathway
#7
Shouhai Wu, Tianpeng Zhang, Jingsheng Du
BACKGROUND: Combinations of adjuvant sensitizers with anticancer drugs is a promising new strategy to reverse chemoresistance. Ursolic acid (UA) is one of the natural pentacyclic triterpene compounds known to have many pharmacological characteristics such as anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. This study investigates whether UA can sensitize hepatocellular carcinoma cells to cisplatin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were transfected with nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) small interfering RNA and Nrf2 complementary DNA by using Lipofectin 2000...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790277/increased-cellular-nad-level-through-nqo1-enzymatic-action-has-protective-effects-on-bleomycin-induced-lung-fibrosis-in-mice
#8
Gi-Su Oh, Su-Bin Lee, Anjani Karna, Hyung-Jin Kim, AiHua Shen, Arpana Pandit, SeungHoon Lee, Sei-Hoon Yang, Hong-Seob So
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a common interstitial lung disease; it is a chronic, progressive, and fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. Over the last two decades, knowledge about the underlying mechanisms of pulmonary fibrosis has improved markedly and facilitated the identification of potential targets for novel therapies. However, despite the large number of antifibrotic drugs being described in experimental pre-clinical studies, the translation of these findings into clinical practices has not been accomplished yet...
October 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777014/semisynthetic-flavonoid-7-o-galloylquercetin-activates-nrf2-and%C3%A2-induces-nrf2-dependent-gene-expression-in-raw264-7-and%C3%A2-hepa1c1c7-cells
#9
Lenka Roubalová, David Biedermann, Barbora Papoušková, Jan Vacek, Marek Kuzma, Vladimír Křen, Jitka Ulrichová, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, Jiří Vrba
The natural flavonoid quercetin is known to activate the transcription factor Nrf2, which regulates the expression of cytoprotective enzymes such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). In this study, a novel semisynthetic flavonoid 7-O-galloylquercetin (or quercetin-7-gallate, 3) was prepared by direct galloylation of quercetin, and its effect on the Nrf2 pathway was examined. A luciferase reporter assay showed that 7-O-galloylquercetin, like quercetin, significantly activated transcription via the antioxidant response element in a stably transfected human AREc32 reporter cell line...
October 21, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743232/induction-of-nrf2-mediated-phase-ii-detoxifying-antioxidant-enzymes-in-vitro-by-chitosan-caffeic-acid-against-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-hepatotoxicity-through-jnk-erk-pathway
#10
Chang-Bum Ahn, Jae-Young Je, Young-Sang Kim, Sun-Joo Park, Boo Il Kim
Chemical modification of chitosan is a promising method for the improvement of biological activity. In this study, chitosan-caffeic acid (CCA) was prepared and its in vitro hepatoprotective ability against hydrogen peroxide-induced hepatic damage in liver cells was evaluated. Treatment with CCA (50-400 µg/mL) did not show cytotoxicity and also significantly (p < 0.05) recovered cell viability against 650 µM hydrogen peroxide-induced hepatotoxicity. CCA treatment attenuated reactive oxygen species generation and lipid peroxidation in addition to increasing cellular glutathione level in cultured hepatocytes...
October 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737527/lonchocarpine-increases-nrf2-are-mediated-antioxidant-enzyme-expression-by-modulating-ampk-and-mapk-signaling-in-brain-astrocytes
#11
Yeon-Hui Jeong, Jin-Sun Park, Dong-Hyun Kim, Hee-Sun Kim
Lonchocarpine is a phenylpropanoid compound isolated from Abrus precatorius that has anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antiepileptic activities. In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant effects of lonchocarpine in brain glial cells and analyzed its molecular mechanisms. We found that lonchocarpine suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell death in hydrogen peroxide-treated primary astrocytes. In addition, lonchocarpine increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), which are all under the control of Nrf2/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling...
November 1, 2016: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730190/functional-characterisation-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-from-copd-patients
#12
Winifred Broekman, Helene Roelofs, Maria C Zarcone, Christian Taube, Jan Stolk, Pieter S Hiemstra
Autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are evaluated for clinical use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, but it is unclear whether COPD affects BM-MSCs. To investigate this, BM-MSCs from nine COPD patients and nine non-COPD age-matched controls were compared with regard to immunophenotype, growth and differentiation potential, and migration capacity. Other functional assays included the response to pro-inflammatory stimuli and inducers of the nuclear factor (erythroid derived 2)-like 2 antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway, and effects on NCI-H292 airway epithelial cells...
April 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727176/sulforaphane-prevents-testicular-damage-in-kunming-mice-exposed-to-cadmium-via-activation-of-nrf2-are-signaling-pathways
#13
Shu-Hua Yang, Miao Long, Li-Hui Yu, Lin Li, Peng Li, Yi Zhang, Yang Guo, Feng Gao, Ming-Da Liu, Jian-Bin He
Sulforaphane (SFN) is a natural and highly effective antioxidant. Studies suggest that SFN protects cells and tissues against cadmium (Cd) toxicity. This study investigated the protective effect of SFN against oxidative damage in the testes of Kunming mice exposed to cadmium, and explored the possible molecular mechanisms involved. Cadmium greatly reduced the serum testosterone levels in mice, reduced sperm motility, total sperm count, and increased the sperm deformity rate. Cadmium also reduces superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels and increases malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725188/omeprazole-induces-heme-oxygenase-1-in-fetal-human-pulmonary-microvascular-endothelial-cells-via-hydrogen-peroxide-independent-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#14
Ananddeep Patel, Shaojie Zhang, Amrit Kumar Shrestha, Paramahamsa Maturu, Bhagavatula Moorthy, Binoy Shivanna
Omeprazole (OM) is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist and a proton pump inhibitor that is used to treat humans with gastric acid related disorders. Recently, we showed that OM induces NAD (P) H quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) via nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-dependent mechanism. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is another cytoprotective and antioxidant enzyme that is regulated by Nrf2. Whether OM induces HO-1 in fetal human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC) is unknown. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that OM will induce HO-1 expression via Nrf2 in HPMEC...
November 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693756/nqo1-and-cyp450-reductase-decrease-the-systemic-exposure-of-rifampicin-quinone-and-mediate-its-redox-cycle-in-rats
#15
Fuguo Shi, Xiaobing Li, Hong Pan, Li Ding
Rifampicin (RIF) is used in regimens for infections caused by Mycobacteria accompanied by serious adverse reactions. Rifampicin-quinone (RIF-Q) is a major autoxidation product of RIF. It is not clear whether RIF-Q plays a role in RIF induced adverse reactions. Investigation of the systemic exposure of RIF-Q is helpful to better understand the role of RIF-Q in RIF induced adverse reactions. In this study, a simple and reproducible high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method involving a procedure to prevent the RIF from oxidation for simultaneous quantification of RIF and RIF-Q in rat plasma has been developed and validated, and applied to elucidate the systemic exposure of RIF-Q in rats...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687220/glutathione-maintenance-mitigates-age-related-susceptibility-to-redox-cycling-agents
#16
Nicholas O Thomas, Kate P Shay, Amanda R Kelley, Judy A Butler, Tory M Hagen
Isolated hepatocytes from young (4-6mo) and old (24-26mo) F344 rats were exposed to increasing concentrations of menadione, a vitamin K derivative and redox cycling agent, to determine whether the age-related decline in Nrf2-mediated detoxification defenses resulted in heightened susceptibility to xenobiotic insult. An LC50 for each age group was established, which showed that aging resulted in a nearly 2-fold increase in susceptibility to menadione (LC50 for young: 405μM; LC50 for old: 275μM). Examination of the known Nrf2-regulated pathways associated with menadione detoxification revealed, surprisingly, that NAD(P)H: quinone oxido-reductase 1 (NQO1) protein levels and activity were induced 9-fold and 4-fold with age, respectively (p=0...
December 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678042/calycosin-suppresses-expression-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-via-the-activation-of-p62-nrf2-linked-heme-oxygenase-1-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-synovial-fibroblasts
#17
Xiaohui Su, Qingchun Huang, Jianyu Chen, Maojie Wang, Hudan Pan, Rui Wang, Hua Zhou, Zhanqing Zhou, Juan Liu, Fen Yang, Ting Li, Liang Liu
The activation of synovial fibroblasts (SFs) and the subsequent production and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the current study, rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) isolated from the joint of the patients were used to evaluate the suppressive effects of calycosin (CAL), a compound derived from the Chinese medicinal herb Radix Astragali, on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RASFs. The results demonstrated that increased mRNA expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-25 (IL-25), interleukin-33(IL-33) were significantly inhibited by CAL...
September 24, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670152/hazard-identification-of-exhausts-from-gasoline-ethanol-fuel-blends-using-a-multi-cellular-human-lung-model
#18
Christoph Bisig, Michèle Roth, Loretta Müller, Pierre Comte, Norbert Heeb, Andreas Mayer, Jan Czerwinski, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser
Ethanol can be produced from biomass and as such is renewable, unlike petroleum-based fuel. Almost all gasoline cars can drive with fuel containing 10% ethanol (E10), flex-fuel cars can even use 85% ethanol (E85). Brazil and the USA already include 10-27% ethanol in their standard fuel by law. Most health effect studies on car emissions are however performed with diesel exhausts, and only few data exists for other fuels. In this work we investigated possible toxic effects of exhaust aerosols from ethanol-gasoline blends using a multi-cellular model of the human lung...
September 23, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663949/bioactive-benzofuran-chalcanes-as-potential-nqo1-inducers-from-millettia-pulchra-benth-kurzvar-laxior-dunn-z-wei
#19
Wenli Wang, Ning Li, Jian Wang, Gang Chen, Renbin Huang, Weihong Zhao, Jiayuan Li, Yingying Si
Five chalcanes ((α'R)-2, α'-dimethoxy-furano-[4″, 5'': 3', 4'] chalcane, (α'R, βR)-2', α', β-trimethoxy-furano-[4″, 5'': 3', 4'] chalcane, (α'S, βR)-2', α', β-trimethoxy-furano-[4″, 5'': 3', 4'] chalcane, (α'R, βR)-2', β-dimethoxy-α'-hydroxyethoxy-furano-[4″, 5'': 3', 4'] chalcane, (α'S, βR)-2', β-dimethoxy-α'-hydroxyethoxy-furano-[4″, 5'': 3', 4'] chalcane) and a flavonoid glycoside (3', 7-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-4', 5'-methylenedioxyisoflavone 6-O-β-D- glucopyranoside), together with 15 known components, were isolated from the leaves of Millettia pulchra (Benth) Kurzvar-laxior (Dunn) Z...
November 2016: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636860/sulforaphane-regulates-nfe2l2-nrf2-dependent-xenobiotic-metabolism-phase-ii-and-phase-iii-enzymes-differently-in-human-colorectal-cancer-and-untransformed-epithelial-colon-cells
#20
Katarzyna Lubelska, Katarzyna Wiktorska, Lidia Mielczarek, Małgorzata Milczarek, Ilona Zbroińska-Bregisz, Zdzisław Chilmonczyk
Sulforaphane (SFN), a naturally occurring chemopreventive and anticancer agent, is a nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2/Nrf2) inducer. Nrf2 plays a critical role in coordinating the cell defense system by initiating the transcription of cytoprotective genes, including detoxification enzymes such as NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) and transport proteins such as ATP-binding cassette, subfamily C (CFTR/MRP). Recently, the essential role of Nrf2 in tumor development and progression and in the development of multidrug resistance in cancer cells has been highlighted...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
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