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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904413/influence-of-yellow-light-emitting-diodes-at-590-nm-on-storage-of-apple-tomato-and-bell-pepper-fruit
#1
Doris Kokalj, Janez Hribar, Blaž Cigić, Emil Zlatić, Lea Demšar, Lovro Sinkovič, Helena Šircelj, Grega Bizjak, Rajko Vidrih
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of irradiation from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on several fruits during storage. To improve storage and increase the contents of some bioactive compounds, apple, tomato and red bell pepper fruits were exposed to yellow light emitted from the diodes at 590 nm. The contents of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, total flavonoids and several pigments were investigated, along with the antioxidant potential. The colour parameters (L*, a* and b*) and firmness of the fruit were also determined...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876922/anthelmintic-potential-of-calotropis-procera-azadirachta-indica-and-punica-granatum-against-gastrothylax-indicus
#2
Rama Aggarwal, Kiranjeet Kaur, Mansi Suri, Upma Bagai
Anthelmintic activity of both ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Calotropis procera flowers, Azadirachta indica leaves and Punica granatum fruit peel in comparison with albendazole was evaluated through in vitro studies by the worm motility inhibition assay. Significant anthelmintic effects (p < 0.0005) were observed on live Gastrothylax indicus worm as evident from their mortality at 4 h post exposure to both ethanolic and aqueous extracts. Phytochemical analysis of extracts revealed the presence of phenols, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, flavonoids, steroids and triterpenoids...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855922/chemical-characterization-and-protective-effect-of-the-bactris-setosa-mart-fruit-against-oxidative-nitrosative-stress
#3
Joana Schuelter Boeing, Daniela Ribeiro, Renan Campos Chisté, Jesuí Vergílio Visentainer, Vera Marisa Costa, Marisa Freitas, Eduarda Fernandes
Bactris setosa Mart. is a Brazilian tree from the palm family (Arecaceae), whose fruits are scientifically underexploited. Here, we report, for the first time, the identification and quantification of phenolic compounds and carotenoids in the pulp, seed, and peel extracts of B. setosa fruits and their in vitro biological activity. The anthocyanins cyanidin deoxyhexose hexoside and cyanidin hexoside and other phenolic compounds were detected mainly in the peel but also in the pulp extracts. All-trans-lutein was the unique carotenoid identified and quantified, and only in the peel extract...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812831/carotenoids-phenolic-profile-mineral-content-and-antioxidant-properties-in-flesh-and-peel-of-prunus-persica-fruits-during-two-maturation-stages
#4
Samia Dabbou, Samira Maatallah, Antonella Castagna, Monia Guizani, Wala Sghaeir, Hichem Hajlaloui, Annamaria Ranieri
Carotenoids and phenolic profile, antioxidant activity as well as concentrations of selected macronutrients (K, N, Mg, Ca and Na) and micronutrients (Zn, Cu and Mn) in flesh and peel of peach fruit were recorded at two harvest dates. Predominant mineral was potassium, followed by calcium, magnesium and sodium. The concentration of most micronutrients was greater in the peel than in the flesh especially in early season. The concentration of most elements in flesh and peel decreased during fruit maturation. Total carotenoids content varied with respect to the cultivar...
November 3, 2016: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812364/transcriptome-dynamics-in-mango-fruit-peel-reveals-mechanisms-of-chilling-stress
#5
Velu Sivankalyani, Noa Sela, Oleg Feygenberg, Hanita Zemach, Dalia Maurer, Noam Alkan
Cold storage is considered the most effective method for prolonging fresh produce storage. However, subtropical fruit is sensitive to cold. Symptoms of chilling injury (CI) in mango include red and black spots that start from discolored lenticels and develop into pitting. The response of 'Keitt' mango fruit to chilling stress was monitored by transcriptomic, physiological, and microscopic analyses. Transcriptomic changes in the mango fruit peel were evaluated during optimal (12°C) and suboptimal (5°C) cold storage...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794587/phenolic-compounds-of-potato-peel-extracts-their-antioxidant-activity-and-protection-against-human-enteric-viruses
#6
Norma Patricia Silva-Beltrán, Cristóbal Chaidez-Quiroz, Osvaldo López-Cuevas, Saul Ruiz-Cruz, Marco A López-Mata, Carmen Lizette Del-Toro-Sánchez, Enrique Marquez-Rios, José de Jesús Ornelas-Paz
Potato peels (PP) contain several bioactive compounds. These compounds are known to provide human health benefits including antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. In addition, these compounds could have effects on human enteric viruses that have not yet been reported. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the phenolic composition, antioxidant properties in the acidified ethanol extract (AEE) and water extract (WE) of PP, and the antiviral effects on the inhibition of Av-05 and MS2 bacteriophages, which were used as human enteric viral surrogates...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776287/antimicrobial-effect-of-the-tunisian-nana-variety-punica-granatum-l-extracts-against-salmonella-enterica-serovars-kentucky-and-enteritidis-isolated-from-chicken-meat-and-phenolic-composition-of-its-peel-extract
#7
Ben Ajmia Wafa, Mohamed Makni, Sonda Ammar, Lamia Khannous, Amal Ben Hassana, Mohamed Bouaziz, Nour Eddine Es-Safi, Radhouane Gdoura
Punica granatum L. is widely recognized for its potency against a broad spectrum of bacterial pathogens. The purpose of this study was to explore the inhibitory and the bactericidal activities of Punica granatum against Salmonella strains. The effect of extracts obtained from different parts (peels, seeds, juice and flowers) of pomegranate and using different solvents against Salmonella enterica serovars Kentucky and Enteritidis isolated from chicken meat was thus investigated. Salmonella strains were identified with the standard API-20E system and confirmed by real time PCR...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765983/characterization-of-nutrients-amino-acids-polyphenols-and-antioxidant-activity-of-ridge-gourd-luffa-acutangula-peel
#8
M P Swetha, S P Muthukumar
Ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula) is consumed as a vegetable after peeling off the skin which is a domestic waste. Luffa acutangula peel (LAP) was observed to be a good source of fiber (20.6 %) and minerals (7.7 %). Amino acid analysis revealed presence of the highest content of Carnosine followed by aspartic acid and aminoadipic acid. Antioxidant activity of different extracts showed that ethyl acetate extract was more potent when compared to other solvent extractions. It exhibited a significant amount of phenolic acids like p-coumaric acid (68...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764241/campomanesia-adamantium-peel-extract-in-antidiarrheal-activity-the-ability-of-inhibition-of-heat-stable-enterotoxin-by-polyphenols
#9
Caroline Honaiser Lescano, Ivan Pires de Oliveira, Tiago Zaminelli, Débora da Silva Baldivia, Luan Ramos da Silva, Mauro Napolitano, Camila Bitencourt Mendes Silvério, Nilton Lincopan, Eliana Janet Sanjinez-Argandoña
Campomanesia adamantium (Myrtaceae) is a medicinal plant distributed in Brazilian Cerrado. Different parts of this plant are used in popular medicine for treatment of several diseases like fever, diarrhea, hypercholesterolemia and rheumatism. The aim of this work was to evaluate the inhibition of heat-stable enterotoxin type A (STa) by gallic acid present in the peel of C. adamantium fruit and assays to assess the antidiarrheal activity, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic properties of peel extract using the T84 cell line model...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733113/gene-expression-and-metabolism-preceding-soft-scald-a-chilling-injury-of-honeycrisp-apple-fruit
#10
Rachel S Leisso, Nigel E Gapper, James P Mattheis, Nathanael L Sullivan, Christopher B Watkins, James J Giovannoni, Robert J Schaffer, Jason W Johnston, Ines Hanrahan, Maarten L A T M Hertog, Bart M Nicolaï, David R Rudell
BACKGROUND: 'Honeycrisp' is an apple cultivar that is susceptible to soft scald, a chilling injury expressed as necrotic patches on the peel. Improved understanding of metabolism associated with the disorder would improve our understanding of soft scald and contribute to developing more effective management strategies for apple storage. It was expected that specific gene expression and specific metabolite levels in the peel would be linked with soft scald risk at harvest and/or specific time points during cold storage...
October 12, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706672/evaluation-of-four-protein-extraction-methods-for-proteomic-analysis-of-mango-peel
#11
D J Liao, X P Lu, H S Chen, Y Lu, Z Y Mo
The peel of mango (Mangifera indica L.) is a special plant tissue that contains many compounds that interfere with protein extraction. A successful separation with Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) is the key step for proteomic analysis. To evaluate the efficiencies of mango peel protein extraction for 2-DE, four extraction methods were tested: 1) 2-D clean-up kit, 2) trichloroacetic acid/acetone precipitation, 3) phenol extraction, 4) phenol with methanol/ammonium acetate precipitation. The results showed that the phenol with methanol/ammonium acetate precipitation produced the best quality protein extraction and separation...
August 30, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664664/inhibitory-effect-of-chlorogenic-acid-on-digestion-of-potato-starch
#12
Zida Karim, Melvin Holmes, Caroline Orfila
The effect of the chlorogenic acid isomer 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) on digestion of potato starch by porcine pancreatic alpha amylase (PPAA) was investigated using isolated starch and cooked potato tuber as substrates. In vitro digestion was performed on five varieties of potato with varying phenolic content. Co- and pre-incubation of PPAA with 5-CQA significantly reduced PPAA activity in a dose dependent manner with an IC50 value of about 2mgmL(-1). Lineweaver-Burk plots indicated that 5-CQA exerts a mixed type inhibition as km increased and Vmax decreased...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659491/low-accumulation-of-chlorogenic-acids-represses-reddening-during-flesh-browning-in-japanese-peach-okayama-peh7
#13
Naoki Yokotani, Misugi Uraji, Miyuki Hara, Seisuke Hihara, Tadashi Hatanaka, Kenji Oda
In peaches, fruit flesh browns unattractively after peeling or cutting. A recently developed cultivar, Okayama PEH7, was distinct from other Japanese cultivars, including Okayama PEH8, with respect to its reduced browning potential. Homogenate prepared from Okayama PEH7 flesh had significantly less reddening during the browning reaction. Okayama PEH7 had less soluble phenolic compounds and higher polyphenol oxidase activity than Okayama PEH8. Reduced browning was observed even when phenols prepared from Okayama PEH7 were incubated with crude extract from Okayama PEH8, suggesting that phenols lower the browning potential of Okayama PEH7...
September 23, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630758/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-activity-and-wound-healing-properties-of-jaboticaba-plinia-peruviana-fruit-peel-hydroalcoholic-extract
#14
Heloisa da S Pitz, Aline Pereira, Mayara B Blasius, Ana Paula L Voytena, Regina C L Affonso, Simone Fanan, Adriana C D Trevisan, Rosa M Ribeiro-do-Valle, Marcelo Maraschin
Jaboticaba is a fruit from a native tree to Brazil, Plinia peruviana. Jaboticaba peels are an important source of antioxidant molecules such as phenolic compounds. This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the activity of a hydroalcoholic extract of jaboticaba fruit peels (HEJFP) in wound healing processes and antioxidant activity in murine fibroblasts (L929 cell line). HEJFP concentrations (0.5, 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, and 200 µg/mL) were tested in MTT assay and cell proliferation was verified at 100 µg/mL after 24 h and at 25, 50, and 100 µg/mL after 48 h of extract exposure...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618992/stability-of-total-phenolic-concentration-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-extracts-from-pomegranate-co-products-subjected-to-in-vitro-digestion
#15
Olaniyi Amos Fawole, Umezuruike Linus Opara
BACKGROUND: Co-products obtained from pomegranate juice processing contain high levels of polyphenols with potential high added values. From value-addition viewpoint, the aim of this study was to evaluate the stability of polyphenolic concentrations in pomegranate fruit co-products in different solvent extracts and assess the effect on the total antioxidant capacity using the FRAP, DPPH˙ and ABTS(+) assays during simulated in vitro digestion. METHODS: Pomegranate juice, marc and peel were extracted in water, 50 % ethanol (50%EtOH) and absolute ethanol (100%EtOH) and analysed for total phenolic concentration (TPC), total flavonoids concentration (TFC) and total antioxidant capacity in DPPH˙, ABTS(+) and FRAP assays before and after in vitro digestion...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594971/hydrogen-sulfide-alleviates-postharvest-senescence-of-grape-by-modulating-the-antioxidant-defenses
#16
Zhi-Jing Ni, Kang-Di Hu, Chang-Bing Song, Run-Hui Ma, Zhi-Rong Li, Ji-Lian Zheng, Liu-Hui Fu, Zhao-Jun Wei, Hua Zhang
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been identified as an important gaseous signal in plants. Here, we investigated the mechanism of H2S in alleviating postharvest senescence and rotting of Kyoho grape. Exogenous application of H2S released from 1.0 mM NaHS remarkably decreased the rotting and threshing rate of grape berries. H2S application also prevented the weight loss in grape clusters and inhibited the decreases in firmness, soluble solids, and titratable acidity in grape pulp during postharvest storage. The data of chlorophyll and carotenoid content suggested the role of H2S in preventing chlorophyll breakdown and carotenoid accumulation in both grape rachis and pulp...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570277/pattern-of-phenolic-content-antioxidant-activity-and-senescence-related-enzymes-in-granulated-vs-non-granulated-juice-sacs-of-kinnow-mandarin-citrus-nobilis-x-c-deliciosa
#17
R R Sharma, O P Awasthi, Kuldeep Kumar
'Kinnow' is a hybrid mandarin, developed at California (USA) but could not become successful there. However, it revolutionized citrus industry in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Recent reports indicate that like other citrus fruits, it also suffers from juice-sac granulation but exact cause of this malady is not known. Fully-mature 'Kinnow' fruits were harvested and observations on some physical and biochemical attributes were recorded and their relationship was established with occurrence of granulation. About 12...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561918/anti-inflammatory-potential-of-black-carrot-daucus-carota-l-polyphenols-in-a-co-culture-model-of-intestinal-caco-2-and-endothelial-ea-hy926-cells
#18
Senem Kamiloglu, Charlotte Grootaert, Esra Capanoglu, Ceren Ozkan, Guy Smagghe, Katleen Raes, John Van Camp
SCOPE: The present study was developed to determine the ability of polyphenol-rich black carrot and its by-products, i.e., peel and pomace, to modulate the inflammatory response in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) treated endothelial cells after gastrointestinal digestion and in a co-culture of intestinal Caco-2 and endothelial EA.hy926 cell model. RESULTS: The results indicated that after 4 h of treatment, the transport of anthocyanins and phenolic acids was higher for digested samples (1...
August 26, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542479/identification-quantification-of-free-and-bound-phenolic-acids-in-peel-and-pulp-of-apples-malus-domestica-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-hrms
#19
Jihyun Lee, Bronte Lee Shan Chan, Alyson E Mitchell
Free and bound phenolic acids were measured in the pulp and peel of four varieties of apples using high resolution mass spectrometry. Twenty-five phenolic acids were identified and included: 8 hydroxybenzoic acids, 11 hydroxycinnamic acids, 5 hydroxyphenylacetic acids, and 1 hydoxyphenylpropanoic acid. Several phenolics are tentatively identified for the first time in apples and include: methyl gallate, ethyl gallate, hydroxy phenyl acetic acid, three phenylacetic acid isomers, 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid, and homoveratric acid...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509218/phenolic-compounds-of-pomegranate-byproducts-outer-skin-mesocarp-divider-membrane-and-their-antioxidant-activities
#20
Priyatharini Ambigaipalan, Adriano Costa de Camargo, Fereidoon Shahidi
Pomegranate peel was separated into outer leathery skin (PS), mesocarp (PM), and divider membrane (PD), and its phenolic compounds were extracted as free (F), esterified (E), and insoluble-bound (B) forms for the first time. The total phenolic content followed the order PD > PM > PS. ABTS(•+), DPPH, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities and metal chelation were evaluated. In addition, pomegranate peel extracts showed inhibitory effects against α-glucosidase activity, lipase activity, and cupric ion-induced LDL-cholesterol oxidation as well as peroxyl and hydroxyl radical-induced DNA scission...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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