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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820359/clinical-outcomes-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-after-lower-extremity-arterial-procedures
#1
Afsha Aurshina, Pavel Kibrik, Justin Eisenberg, Ahmad Alsheekh, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
Objectives The use of postoperative anticoagulation is not uncommon for patients undergoing lower extremity arterial procedures as adjunctive therapy. Longer postoperative length of stay is necessary to achieve adequate therapeutic international normalized ratio with traditional protocols that call for the use of unfractionated heparin and warfarin therapy. We hypothesized the direct oral anticoagulants are an attractive alternative to provide adequate anticoagulation in patients who undergo lower extremity arterial procedures...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814740/a-flexible-electret-membrane-with-persistent-electrostatic-effect-and-resistance-to-harsh-environment-for-energy-harvesting
#2
Xiao Huiming, Chen Gangjin, Chen Xuming, Chen Zhi
A novel flexible electret membrane, exhibiting persistent electrostatic effect, distinctive temperature stability and outstanding capability of resistance to harsh environment and fatigue, is demonstrated by experiment. Its excellent electret performance is correlated to the synergy of three factors, which are space charge injection, dipole orientation and interfacial polarization according to the analysis of charge storage mechanism. This electret membrane is provided with sandwich configuration PTFE/THV/PTFE, prepared by hot pressing method and thermal charging technology...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803092/uniform-field-loop-gap-resonator-and-rectangular-teu02-for-aqueous-sample-epr-at-94ghz
#3
Jason W Sidabras, Tadeusz Sarna, Richard R Mett, James S Hyde
In this work we present the design and implementation of two uniform-field resonators: a seven-loop-six-gap loop-gap resonator (LGR) and a rectangular TEU02 cavity resonator. Each resonator has uniform-field-producing end-sections. These resonators have been designed for electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of aqueous samples at 94GHz. The LGR geometry employs low-loss Rexolite end-sections to improve the field homogeneity over a 3mm sample region-of-interest from near-cosine distribution to 90% uniform. The LGR was designed to accommodate large degassable Polytetrafluorethylen (PTFE) tubes (0...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801023/thermoluminescence-of-metallic-oxides-development-and-applications-in-mexico-an-overview
#4
Juan Azorín Nieto
Interest in the study of the thermoluminescence of metallic oxides doped with various elements has been steadily increasing due to the characteristics of these materials and their possible applications in the dosimetry of ionizing radiation. Metal oxides such as zirconium oxide (ZrO2), aluminum oxide Al2O3, titanium oxide (TiO2), hafnium oxide (HfO2) and beryllium oxide (BeO) are very interesting semiconductor materials having a wide band gap with different important applications. Since 1998, in our country we have developed these materials un-doped and doped with various elements, using different preparation methods...
July 25, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800120/effects-of-dilution-systems-in-olfactometry-on-the-recovery-of-typical-livestock-odorants-determined-by-ptr-ms
#5
Pernille Lund Kasper, Dietmar Mannebeck, Arne Oxbøl, Jens Vinge Nygaard, Michael Jørgen Hansen, Anders Feilberg
The present study provides an elaborate assessment of the performance of olfactometers in terms of odorant recovery for a selection of odorants emitted from livestock houses. The study includes three different olfactometer dilution systems, which have been in use at accredited odor laboratories. They consist of: (i) a custom-built olfactometer made of glass tubes, (ii) a TO8 olfactometer, and (iii) an Olfacton dilution system based on a mass flow controller. The odorants include hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol, dimethyl sulfide, acetic acid, butanoic acid, propanoic acid, 3-methylbutanoic acid, 4-methylphenol, and trimethylamine...
August 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793764/continuous-arsine-detection-using-a-peltier-effect-cryogenic-trap-to-selectively-trap-methylated-arsines
#6
Guoying Chen, Bunhong Lai, Xuefei Mao, Tuanwei Chen, Miaomiao Chen
Hydride generation (HG) is an effective technique that eliminates interfering matrix species and enables hydride separation. Arsenic speciation analysis can be fulfilled by cryogenic trapping (CT) based on boiling points of resulting arsines using liquid nitrogen (LN2) as a coolant. In this work, LN2 was replaced by thermoelectric effect using a cryo-genic trap that consisted of a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) body sandwiched by two Peltier modules. After the trap was precooled, the arsines flew along a zigzag channel in the body and reached a sorbent bed of 0...
August 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774056/experimental-study-on-reaction-characteristics-of-ptfe-ti-w-energetic-materials-under-explosive-loading
#7
Yan Li, Chunlan Jiang, Zaicheng Wang, Puguang Luo
Metal/fluoropolymer composites represent a new category of energetic structural materials that release energy through exothermic chemical reactions initiated under shock loading conditions. This paper describes an experiment designed to study the reaction characteristics of energetic materials with low porosity under explosive loading. Three PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene)/Ti/W mixtures with different W contents are processed through pressing and sintering. An inert PTFE/W mixture without reactive Ti particles is also prepared to serve as a reference...
November 18, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772812/a-study-on-the-mechanical-properties-and-impact-induced-initiation-characteristics-of-brittle-ptfe-al-w-reactive-materials
#8
Chao Ge, Wubuliaisan Maimaitituersun, Yongxiang Dong, Chao Tian
Polytetrafluoroethylene/aluminum/tungsten (PTFE/Al/W) reactive materials of three different component mass ratios (73.5/26.5/0, 68.8/24.2/7 and 63.6/22.4/14) were studied in this research. Different from the PTFE/Al/W composites published elsewhere, the materials in our research were fabricated under a much lower sintering temperature and for a much shorter duration to achieve a brittle property, which aims to provide more sufficient energy release upon impact. Quasi-static compression tests, dynamic compression tests at room and elevated temperatures, and drop weight tests were conducted to evaluate the mechanical and impact-induced initiation characteristics of the materials...
April 26, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772733/manufacturing-technology-of-composite-materials-principles-of-modification-of-polymer-composite-materials-technology-based-on-polytetrafluoroethylene
#9
Anton Panda, Kostiantyn Dyadyura, Jan Valíček, Marta Harničárová, Jozef Zajac, Vladimír Modrák, Iveta Pandová, Peter Vrábel, Ema Nováková-Marcinčínová, Zdeněk Pavelek
The results of the investigations into the technological formation of new wear-resistant polymer composites based on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) filled with disperse synthetic and natural compounds are presented. The efficiency of using PTFE composites reinforced with carbon fibers depends on many factors, which influence the significant improvement of physicomechanical characteristics. The results of this research allow stating that interfacial and surface phenomena of the polymer-solid interface and composition play a decisive role in PTFE composites properties...
March 31, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772534/experimental-study-on-impact-induced-reaction-characteristics-of-ptfe-ti-composites-enhanced-by-w-particles
#10
Yan Li, Zaicheng Wang, Chunlan Jiang, Haohao Niu
Metal/fluoropolymer composites are a category of energetic structural materials that release energy through exothermic chemical reactions initiated under highly dynamic loadings. In this paper, the chemical reaction mechanism of PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene)/Ti/W composites is investigated through thermal analysis and composition analysis. These composites undergo exothermic reactions at 510 °C to 600 °C, mainly producing TiFx. The tungsten significantly reduces the reaction heat due to its inertness. In addition, the dynamic compression properties and impact-induced reaction behaviors of PTFE/Ti/W composites with different W content prepared by pressing and sintering are studied using Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar and high speed photography...
February 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767213/synergistically-enhanced-electrochemical-performance-of-ni3s4-ptx-x-fe-ni-heteronanorods-as-heterogeneous-catalysts-in-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#11
Shoushuang Huang, Dui Ma, Zhangjun Hu, Qingquan He, Jiantao Zai, Dayong Chen, Huai Sun, Zhiwen Chen, Qiquan Qiao, Minghong Wu, Xuefeng Qian
Platinum (Pt) -based alloys are considerably promising electrocatalysts for the reduction of I‒/I3‒ and Co2+/Co3+ redox couples in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). However, it is still challenging to minimize the dosage of Pt to achieve comparable or even higher catalytic efficiency. Here, by taking full advantages of the Mott-Schottky (M-S) effect at metal-semiconductor interface, we successfully strategize a low-Pt-based M-S catalyst with enhanced electrocatalytic performance and stability for the large-scale application of DSSCs...
August 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766885/technical-note-construction-of-heterogeneous-head-phantom-for-quality-control-in-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#12
Mohsen Najafi, Javad Teimouri, Alireza Shirazi, Ghazaleh Geraily, Mahbod Esfahani, Mostafa Shafaei
PURPOSE: Stereotactic radiosurgery is a high precision modality for conformally delivering high doses of radiation to the brain lesion with a large dose volume. Several studies for the quality control of this technique were performed to measure the dose delivered to the target with a homogenous head phantom and some dosimeters. Some studies were also performed with one or two instances of heterogeneity in the head phantom to measure the dose delivered to the target. But these studies assumed the head as a sphere and simple shape heterogeneity...
August 2, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765845/spatially-offset-raman-spectroscopy-for-photon-migration-studies-in-bones-with-different-mineralization-levels
#13
Kay Sowoidnich, John H Churchwell, Kevin Buckley, Allen E Goodship, Anthony W Parker, Pavel Matousek
The ability of Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy (SORS) to obtain chemically specific information from below the sample surface makes it a promising technique for non-invasive in vivo diagnosis of bone conditions by sampling bone through the skin. The depth below a surface interrogated by SORS depends on the system's optical properties and is difficult to estimate for complex bone material. This paper uses 830 nm laser excitation to investigate the influence of bone mineralization on photon migration properties in deer antler cortex, equine metacarpal cortex and whale tympanic bulla...
August 2, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758762/-leiomyoma-of-external-iliac-vein
#14
V Sihotský, P Berek, I Kopolovets, M Kubíková, M Frankovičová
Authors present a case report of a patient who was diagnosed with a tumour of external iliac vein. Excision of venous wall with tumour and reconstruction of external iliac vein with venous patch was performed. Postoperative course was without complication. The patient is without complications and also without signs of recurrence in one year follow up. Tumours of venous wall are rare. They originate from vena cava inferior, less often from extremity veins. The most frequent primary tumours of vein wall are leiomyosarcomas...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756706/determination-of-depth-in-transmission-raman-spectroscopy-in-turbid-media-using-a-beam-enhancing-element
#15
Martha Z Vardaki, Hannah Sheridan, Nicholas Stone, Pavel Matousek
This study demonstrates experimentally a method to enable prediction of depth of a chemical species buried in a turbid medium by using transmission Raman spectroscopy alone. The method allows the prediction of the depth of a single, chemically distinct layer within a turbid matrix by performing two measurements, with and without a beam enhancing element, or "photon diode." The samples employed consisted of two different polymers, of total thickness 3.6 mm, whose optical properties are loosely relevant to pharmaceutical applications...
August 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745035/evaluation-of-complication-rates-and-vertical-bone-gain-after-guided-bone-regeneration-with-non-resorbable-membranes-versus-titanium-meshes-and-resorbable-membranes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Alessandro Cucchi, Elisabetta Vignudelli, Aldo Napolitano, Claudio Marchetti, Giuseppe Corinaldesi
BACKGROUND: The partial edentulous posterior mandible is often a challenge area that requires a bone reconstructive surgery for implants placement. PURPOSE: This RCT was aimed to evaluate complications rate and vertical bone gain after Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) with dense non-resorbable d-PTFE titanium-reinforced membranes (Group A) versus titanium meshes covered by cross-linked collagen membranes (Group B). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 partially edentulous patients with atrophic posterior mandible, were randomly divided into two study group: 20 patients were treated with one stage GBR by means of non-resorbable d-PTFE titanium-reinforced membranes (Group A); and 20 patients, by means of titanium mesh covered by cross-linked collagen membranes (Group B)...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743095/a-rapid-and-reliable-method-for-discriminating-rice-products-from-different-regions-using-mcx-based-solid-phase-extraction-and-di-ms-ms-based-metabolomics-approach
#17
Dong Kyu Lim, Changyeun Mo, Nguyen Phuoc Long, Jongguk Lim, Sung Won Kwon
The expansion of the global rice marketplace ultimately raises concerns about authenticity control. Several analytical methods for differentiating the geographical origin of rice have been developed, yet a high-throughput method is still in demand. In this study, we developed a rapid approach using direct infusion-mass spectrometry (DI-MS) to distinguish rice products from different countries. Specifically, the elimination of the matrix effect by a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) filter, a mixed-mode cation exchange (MCX) solid-phase extraction (SPE) with 20% methanol, and an MCX SPE with 100% methanol were measured...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740972/in-vivo-microbiologic-evaluation-of-polytetrafluoroethylene-and-cotton-as-endodontic-spacer-materials
#18
Tina Olsson, Daniel Chan, James D Johnson, Avina Paranjpe
OBJECTIVE: Spacers are commonly placed between the canal orifice and the temporary material between endodontic treatment appointments. This prevents the temporary restoration material from obstructing the canal orifices and allows for easy removal. Various endodontic spacers are currently used, including polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tape. Previous in-vitro studies have demonstrated the advantages of using PTFE over using cotton; however, no in-vivo studies have demonstrated this. Hence, the purpose of this study was to evaluate which spacer showed less bacterial leakage between endodontic treatments...
July 20, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722253/late-lumen-enlargement-induced-by-drug-coated-balloon-in-the-patient-with-ptfe-covered-stent-restenosis
#19
Takayuki Warisawa, Toru Naganuma, Sunao Nakamura
We report a case of percutaneous coronary intervention with drug coated balloon (DCB) for the in-stent restenosis of polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent. One year follow-up angiography was excellent and in-stent lumen enlargement compared with the postprocedure and 6-months follow-up was demonstrated by optical coherent tomography. This case suggested the utility of DCB as a therapeutic option for covered-stent restenosis.
July 19, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721617/effect-of-membrane-property-and-feed-water-organic-matter-quality-on-long-term-performance-of-the-gravity-driven-membrane-filtration-process
#20
Dongwhi Lee, Yuri Lee, Shin Sik Choi, Sang-Ho Lee, Kyoung-Woong Kim, Yunho Lee
This study investigated the influence of membrane property and feed water organic matter quality on the permeate flux and water quality during gravity-driven membrane (GDM) filtration. GDM filtration was continuously carried out over 500 days at hydrostatic pressure of 65 mbar in dead-end mode without any back-flushing or membrane cleaning. Three ultrafiltration (UF) membranes (PES-100 kDa, PVDF-120 kDa, and PVDF-100 kDa) and one microfiltration (MF) membrane (PTFE-0.3 μm) were tested for treating lake water with varied organic matter qualities due to algal growth...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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