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Surf rescue

Anders Bäckman, Jacob Hollenberg, Leif Svensson, Mattias Ringh, Per Nordberg, Therese Djärv, Sune Forsberg, Olof Hernborg, Andreas Claesson
OBJECTIVE: The feasibility and potential of using drones for providing flotation devices in cases of drowning have not yet been assessed. We hypothesize that a drone carrying an inflatable life buoy is a faster way to provide flotation compared with traditional methods. The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility and efficiency of using a drone for delivering and providing flotation support to conscious simulated drowning victims. METHODS: A simulation study was performed with a simulated drowning victim 100 m from the shore...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
Yaniv Steinfeld, Yaniv Keren, Elias Haddad
Introduction: Central cord syndrome (CCS) is an injury to the center of the spinal cord. It is well known as a hyperextension injury, but it has never been described as a surfing injury. Our report describes this injury in detail. Case presentation: A 35-year-old male novice surfer presented to the emergency department with acute tetraplegia following falling off his surfboard and hitting sea floor at a shallow beach break. He was rescued by a fellow surfer while floating in the sea and unable to raise his head above sea level...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
Stacey Willcox-Pidgeon, Bridget Kool, Kevin Moran
In many countries, beaches are a high-risk location for drowning. In New Zealand, youth and young adults are particularly at risk of drowning at beaches, accounting for 17.4% of drowning deaths and 18.4% of rescues at surf beaches between 2008 and 2013, over 90% of fatalities were male. This study explored New Zealand youth risk perceptions of drowning and their coping appraisal processes at a surf beach. A cross-sectional survey of high school students (n = 599) was conducted between February and April 2014...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
(no author information available yet)
A study has found that surf lifeguards can deliver good-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on moving inflatable rescue boats, but that it is less effective than when delivered onshore.
July 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Anton Kalén, Alexandra Pérez-Ferreirós, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, María Fernández-Méndez, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Jose A Prieto, Andrés Ríos-Ave, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of active recovery in form of running or foam rolling on clearing blood lactate compared to remain sitting after a water rescue. METHOD: A quasi experimental cross-over design was used to test the effectiveness of two active recovery methods: foam rolling (FR) and running (RR), compared with passive recovery (PR) on the blood lactate clearance after performing a water rescue. Twelve lifeguards from Marín (Pontevedra) completed the study...
December 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Cristian Abelairas-Gomez, Jose Palacios-Aguilar, Ezequiel Rey, Javier Costas-Veiga, Sergio Lopez-Garcia, Antonio Rodriguez-Nunez
PURPOSE: Drowning is a high-priority public health problem around the world. The European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015 put special emphasis on special environments like open waters. Stopping the drowning process as soon as possible and starting an early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improve survival. Inflatable rescue boats (IRBs) are used around the world in the water rescue of drowning victims. Our objective was to test the quality of CPR performed by surf-lifeguards while sailing on an IRB...
June 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
A Claesson, L Svensson, P Nordberg, M Ringh, M Rosenqvist, T Djarv, J Samuelsson, O Hernborg, P Dahlbom, A Jansson, J Hollenberg
BACKGROUND: Drowning leading to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and death is a major public health concern. Submersion with duration of less than 10min is associated with favorable neurological outcome and nearby bystanders play a considerable role in rescue and resuscitation. Drones can provide a visual overview of an accident scene, their potential as lifesaving tools in drowning has not been evaluated. AIM: The aim of this simulation study was to evaluate the efficiency of a drone for providing earlier location of a submerged possible drowning victim in comparison with standard procedure...
May 2017: Resuscitation
Lachlan Holbery-Morgan, Cara Angel, Michelle Murphy, James Carew, Finn Douglas, Robert Murphy, Natalie Hood, Andrew Rechtman, Christopher Scarff, Nicholas Simpson, Andrew Stewardson, Daniel Steinfort, Sam Radford, Ned Douglas, Douglas Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Lifesavers in Australia are taught to use pocket mask (PM) rescue breathing and bag valve mask (BVM) ventilation, despite evidence that first responders might struggle with these devices. Novices have successfully used the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Supreme and iGel devices previously, but there has been no previous comparison of the ability to train lifesavers to use the supraglottic airways compared to standard techniques for cardiac arrest ventilation. METHODS: The study is a prospective educational intervention whereby 113 lifesavers were trained to use the LMA and iGel supraglottic airways...
February 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
C M Ball
Surf Life Saving Australia, which began in the early 1900s, initially adopted the indirect resuscitation methods used by the Royal Life Saving Society. As new indirect methods became available, both organisations adapted their resuscitation techniques and followed international developments closely. In the 1950s, accumulating evidence suggested that direct methods of resuscitation, such as mouth-to-mouth ventilation, might be more efficacious. Subsequently a number of investigations were carried out in Sydney at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital on anaesthetised and paralysed patients...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Kyra Hamilton, Katherine M White, Kylie Wihardjo, Melissa K Hyde
Visiting the beach is a popular activity, but the risk of drowning is real. Drownings are preventable, and swimming between the patrol flags can save lives. The aim of this study is to understand the beliefs people hold in relation to this important water safety behaviour. Participants (N= 514; females = 58%) who were residents of/visitors to coastal areas in South-East Queensland, Australia, completed a theory of planned behaviour belief-based questionnaire. The survey was designed to measure behavioural, normative and control beliefs guiding beachgoers' intentions to swim between the patrol flags...
December 2016: Health Promotion International
Anna Attard, Robert W Brander, Wendy S Shaw
This study describes the demographics, occurrence, location, primary hazards and outcomes involved in rescues performed by surfers on Australian beaches. Conservative estimates suggest that the number of rescues conducted by Australian surfers each year is on par with the number conducted by volunteer surf lifesavers. Surfers perform a considerable number of serious rescues in both lifesaver/lifeguard patrolled (45%) and unpatrolled (53%) beach locations. Rip currents represent the major physical hazard leading to rescue (75%) and the dominant emotional response of people rescued is one of panic (85%)...
September 2015: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Clifford Hughes, Charles Pain, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Kenneth Hillman
While many hospitals are implementing rapid response systems (RRSs) to attend to deteriorating patients in a systematic way, there is little documented evidence on system-wide approaches to adopting RRSs. Here, we report on an initiative which enrolled 220 hospitals in New South Wales, Australia. The 'between the flags' approach was modelled on Australia's surf lifesaving experience, where qualified lifesavers perform thousands of rescues each year. Patients in hospitals who are identified as being 'between the flags' are given special attention, just like beach goers...
September 2014: BMJ Quality & Safety
Damian Morgan, Joan Ozanne-Smith
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the utility of lifeguard rescue data for providing information on person and situation factors to inform surf bather drowning prevention research. METHODS: The dataset comprised 872 beach-days (daily lifeguard reports) obtained from 26 beaches over a 95-day period in Victoria, Australia. RESULTS: The rescue rate was 128 per 100,000 in-water bathers. One or more rescues were required on 125 beach-days (14%). Rescue on a beach-day was more likely for offshore wind conditions, relatively high daily air temperatures, and high bather numbers (P < ...
September 2013: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Kevin Moran, Jonathon Webber
From 2007-2012, New Zealand lifeguards provided first aid to almost 9,000 beachgoers, an average of 1,772 cases per annum; more than the average number of rescues (n = 1,343) each year. This study describes the aetiology of non-drowning related injuries occurring at surf beaches patrolled by lifeguards. The study design was that of a retrospective analysis of data collated during five summer seasons from 2007-2012. Cases included individuals who sustained recreational injuries while at a patrolled beach in New Zealand...
2014: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Rebecca Mitchell, Barbara Brighton, Shauna Sherker
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of competition and training-based surf sport-related injury in Australia in the years 2003-2011. DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological review. METHODS: Information on surf sport-related injuries was obtained from Surf Life Saving Australia's SurfGuard Incident Reporting Database during 1 January 2003 to 20 August 2011. RESULTS: There were 2645 surf sport-related competition or training-related incidents...
January 2013: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Andreas Claesson, Tomas Karlsson, Ann-Britt Thorén, Johan Herlitz
PURPOSE: To describe time delay during surf rescue and compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before and after exertion in surf lifeguards. METHODS: A total of 40 surf lifeguards at the Tylösand Surf Lifesaving Club in Sweden (65% men; age, 19-43 years) performed single-rescuer CPR for 10 minutes on a Laerdal SkillmeteÔ Resusci Anne manikin. The test was repeated with an initial simulated surf rescue on an unconscious 80-kg victim 100 m from the shore...
November 2011: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
José Antonio Prieto Saborit, Miguel del Valle Soto, Vicente González Díez, Maria Angeles Montoliu Sanclement, Paloma Nistal Hernández, Jorge Egocheaga Rodríguez, Luís Santos Rodríguez
The objective of this study was to examine the physiological response of 14 lifeguards in a swimming pool simulation with 1.7 m waves and to study the efficiency of the torpedo buoy. The rescue time was determined with and without material, as were lactate levels, heart rate and VO(2max). The results obtained showed a VO(2 max) rate of 3.4 +/- 0.8 l/min without equipment and 3.3 +/- 0.8 l/min with equipment. Moreover, the time taken to swim towards the victim without equipment decreased by 7.7 s, while towing time was reduced by 10...
September 2010: Ergonomics
Ruth Erby, Robert Heard, Kate O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVE: To pilot an injury reporting form designed for use in Australian surf lifesaving; the need for such a form is to meet legislative requirements and as an initial step in developing an injury prevention program for volunteer surf lifesavers [4]. PARTICIPANTS: Competitors at the National Surf Life Saving Championships (NSLSC) held at Kurrawa Beach, Queensland, in 1998/1999 who reported to the medical tent over the course of the five-day event. Twenty-five volunteers of varying experience staffed the medical tent and included one paramedic coordinator, two doctors, three nurses, three physiotherapists and 16 first-aid officers...
2010: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
E Jaggard
The history and mythology of Australia's surf life-saving movement portray the surf life-saver as an inter and postwar national symbol, an image of manhood often regarded as the successor to that of the bushman and the digger. According to this viewpoint, women had no place on the beaches, being supportive fundraisers and social organisers. In fact, almost from surf life-saving's commencement in 1906, many women refused to be confined to these roles; they participated in their own competitions, were proficient in rescue techniques and were proud to belong to the movement, thus contradicting the widely shared belief that their active involvement began only in 1980 when they were granted full membership...
1999: Australian Historical Studies
Matthew R Pratt, Edmund C Schwartz, Tom W Muir
Controlling protein function through posttranslational manipulations has emerged as an attractive complementary technology to existing genetic systems. Often these methods involve developing pharmacological agents to probe protein function without the need to generate a unique compound for each protein family. One common strategy uses small molecules that act as chemical inducers of dimerization by mediating the interaction of two proteins. Herein we report the use of a chemical inducer of dimerization for the development of a posttranslational technology for the manipulation of protein function...
July 3, 2007: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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