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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456285/the-introduction-of-expired-air-resuscitation-into-surf-life-saving-australia
#1
C M Ball
Surf Life Saving Australia, which began in the early 1900s, initially adopted the indirect resuscitation methods used by the Royal Life Saving Society. As new indirect methods became available, both organisations adapted their resuscitation techniques and followed international developments closely. In the 1950s, accumulating evidence suggested that direct methods of resuscitation, such as mouth-to-mouth ventilation, might be more efficacious. Subsequently a number of investigations were carried out in Sydney at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital on anaesthetised and paralysed patients...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276797/targets-to-promote-swimming-between-the-flags-among-australian-beachgoers
#2
Kyra Hamilton, Katherine M White, Kylie Wihardjo, Melissa K Hyde
Visiting the beach is a popular activity, but the risk of drowning is real. Drownings are preventable, and swimming between the patrol flags can save lives. The aim of this study is to understand the beliefs people hold in relation to this important water safety behaviour. Participants (N= 514; females = 58%) who were residents of/visitors to coastal areas in South-East Queensland, Australia, completed a theory of planned behaviour belief-based questionnaire. The survey was designed to measure behavioural, normative and control beliefs guiding beachgoers' intentions to swim between the patrol flags...
August 13, 2015: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26056968/rescues-conducted-by-surfers-on-australian-beaches
#3
Anna Attard, Robert W Brander, Wendy S Shaw
This study describes the demographics, occurrence, location, primary hazards and outcomes involved in rescues performed by surfers on Australian beaches. Conservative estimates suggest that the number of rescues conducted by Australian surfers each year is on par with the number conducted by volunteer surf lifesavers. Surfers perform a considerable number of serious rescues in both lifesaver/lifeguard patrolled (45%) and unpatrolled (53%) beach locations. Rip currents represent the major physical hazard leading to rescue (75%) and the dominant emotional response of people rescued is one of panic (85%)...
September 2015: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24740239/-between-the-flags-implementing-a-rapid-response-system-at-scale
#4
Clifford Hughes, Charles Pain, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Kenneth Hillman
While many hospitals are implementing rapid response systems (RRSs) to attend to deteriorating patients in a systematic way, there is little documented evidence on system-wide approaches to adopting RRSs. Here, we report on an initiative which enrolled 220 hospitals in New South Wales, Australia. The 'between the flags' approach was modelled on Australia's surf lifesaving experience, where qualified lifesavers perform thousands of rescues each year. Patients in hospitals who are identified as being 'between the flags' are given special attention, just like beach goers...
September 2014: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23787403/surf-lifeguard-rescues
#5
Damian Morgan, Joan Ozanne-Smith
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the utility of lifeguard rescue data for providing information on person and situation factors to inform surf bather drowning prevention research. METHODS: The dataset comprised 872 beach-days (daily lifeguard reports) obtained from 26 beaches over a 95-day period in Victoria, Australia. RESULTS: The rescue rate was 128 per 100,000 in-water bathers. One or more rescues were required on 125 beach-days (14%). Rescue on a beach-day was more likely for offshore wind conditions, relatively high daily air temperatures, and high bather numbers (P < ...
September 2013: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23343148/leisure-related-injuries-at-the-beach-an-analysis-of-lifeguard-incident-report-forms-in-new-zealand-2007-12
#6
Kevin Moran, Jonathon Webber
From 2007-2012, New Zealand lifeguards provided first aid to almost 9,000 beachgoers, an average of 1,772 cases per annum; more than the average number of rescues (n = 1,343) each year. This study describes the aetiology of non-drowning related injuries occurring at surf beaches patrolled by lifeguards. The study design was that of a retrospective analysis of data collated during five summer seasons from 2007-2012. Cases included individuals who sustained recreational injuries while at a patrolled beach in New Zealand...
2014: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22743236/the-epidemiology-of-competition-and-training-based-surf-sport-related-injury-in-australia-2003-2011
#7
Rebecca Mitchell, Barbara Brighton, Shauna Sherker
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of competition and training-based surf sport-related injury in Australia in the years 2003-2011. DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological review. METHODS: Information on surf sport-related injuries was obtained from Surf Life Saving Australia's SurfGuard Incident Reporting Database during 1 January 2003 to 20 August 2011. RESULTS: There were 2645 surf sport-related competition or training-related incidents...
January 2013: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20870373/delay-and-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-surf-lifeguards-after-simulated-cardiac-arrest-due-to-drowning
#8
Andreas Claesson, Tomas Karlsson, Ann-Britt Thorén, Johan Herlitz
PURPOSE: To describe time delay during surf rescue and compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before and after exertion in surf lifeguards. METHODS: A total of 40 surf lifeguards at the Tylösand Surf Lifesaving Club in Sweden (65% men; age, 19-43 years) performed single-rescuer CPR for 10 minutes on a Laerdal SkillmeteÔ Resusci Anne manikin. The test was repeated with an initial simulated surf rescue on an unconscious 80-kg victim 100 m from the shore...
November 2011: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20737339/physiological-response-of-beach-lifeguards-in-a-rescue-simulation-with-surf
#9
José Antonio Prieto Saborit, Miguel del Valle Soto, Vicente González Díez, Maria Angeles Montoliu Sanclement, Paloma Nistal Hernández, Jorge Egocheaga Rodríguez, Luís Santos Rodríguez
The objective of this study was to examine the physiological response of 14 lifeguards in a swimming pool simulation with 1.7 m waves and to study the efficiency of the torpedo buoy. The rescue time was determined with and without material, as were lactate levels, heart rate and VO(2max). The results obtained showed a VO(2 max) rate of 3.4 +/- 0.8 l/min without equipment and 3.3 +/- 0.8 l/min with equipment. Moreover, the time taken to swim towards the victim without equipment decreased by 7.7 s, while towing time was reduced by 10...
September 2010: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20634612/trial-of-an-injury-reporting-system-for-surf-lifesavers-in-australia
#10
Ruth Erby, Robert Heard, Kate O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVE: To pilot an injury reporting form designed for use in Australian surf lifesaving; the need for such a form is to meet legislative requirements and as an initial step in developing an injury prevention program for volunteer surf lifesavers [4]. PARTICIPANTS: Competitors at the National Surf Life Saving Championships (NSLSC) held at Kurrawa Beach, Queensland, in 1998/1999 who reported to the medical tent over the course of the five-day event. Twenty-five volunteers of varying experience staffed the medical tent and included one paramedic coordinator, two doctors, three nurses, three physiotherapists and 16 first-aid officers...
2010: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19400020/australian-surf-life-saving-and-the-forgotten-members
#11
E Jaggard
The history and mythology of Australia's surf life-saving movement portray the surf life-saver as an inter and postwar national symbol, an image of manhood often regarded as the successor to that of the bushman and the digger. According to this viewpoint, women had no place on the beaches, being supportive fundraisers and social organisers. In fact, almost from surf life-saving's commencement in 1906, many women refused to be confined to these roles; they participated in their own competitions, were proficient in rescue techniques and were proud to belong to the movement, thus contradicting the widely shared belief that their active involvement began only in 1980 when they were granted full membership...
1999: Australian Historical Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17563385/small-molecule-mediated-rescue-of-protein-function-by-an-inducible-proteolytic-shunt
#12
Matthew R Pratt, Edmund C Schwartz, Tom W Muir
Controlling protein function through posttranslational manipulations has emerged as an attractive complementary technology to existing genetic systems. Often these methods involve developing pharmacological agents to probe protein function without the need to generate a unique compound for each protein family. One common strategy uses small molecules that act as chemical inducers of dimerization by mediating the interaction of two proteins. Herein we report the use of a chemical inducer of dimerization for the development of a posttranslational technology for the manipulation of protein function...
July 3, 2007: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15849279/the-kick-with-the-kite-an-analysis-of-kite-surfing-related-off-shore-rescue-missions-in-cape-town-south-africa
#13
A K Exadaktylos, G M Sclabas, I Blake, K Swemmer, G McCormick, P Erasmus
BACKGROUND: This study analyses kite surfing related off shore rescue missions in Cape Town, South Africa with the aim of providing more information on the frequency, pattern, and severity of kite surfing related injuries. METHODS: The observation period for this study started on October 1, 2003 and ended on May 1, 2004 and included 30 air rescue missions. Data and information were collected prospectively. RESULTS: The Air Mercy Service in Cape Town Province responded to 30 requests for help...
May 2005: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15814374/inflatable-rescue-boat-related-injuries-in-queensland-surf-lifesavers-the-epidemiology-biomechanics-interface
#14
Emily Yorkston, Christopher Arthur, Timothy Barker, David Purdie, Rod McClure
The objective was to describe the relationship between epidemiological and biomechanical factors in the causal pathway of inflatable rescue boat (IRB)-related injuries in Australian surf lifesavers; to develop epidemiological and biomechanical methodologies and measurement instruments that identify and measure the risk factors, for use in future epidemiological studies. Epidemiological and biomechanical models of injury causation were combined. Host, agent and environmental factors that influenced total available force for transfer to host were specified...
March 2005: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12468842/foot-and-ankle-injuries-occurring-in-inflatable-rescue-boats-irb-during-surf-lifesaving-activities
#15
L Andrew Ashton, Les Grujic
Inflatable Rescue Boats (IRBs) are utilised by the Surf Life Saving Association (SLSA) in Australia to perform rescue operations and in regional competitions between surf clubs. These activities have resulted in a number of serious foot and ankle injuries which reflect the high impact of this activity in heavy and unpredictable surf. We have retrospectively reviewed 12 significant injuries relating to IRB usage presented to our regional hospital emergency department over a 3-year period. These include 6 Lisfranc fracture dislocations of the midfoot, 4 ankle fracture variants, one tibial shaft fracture, and one traumatic rupture of the peroneal retinaculum leading to peroneal tendon dislocation...
June 2001: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11560176/impact-data-for-the-investigation-of-injuries-in-inflatable-rescue-boats-irbs
#16
J A Ludcke, M J Pearcy, J H Evans, T M Barker
Inflatable Rescue Boats (IRBs) are arguably the most important rescue tools utilised by Australian Surf Lifesavers. The crews in the IRB are continuously battling the fierce element that is the ocean. This force of nature takes its toll on man and machine. Initial impact data for this unique situation has been gathered as part of a biomechanical study investigating the increasing frequency of injuries to surf lifesavers whilst using an IRB. This paper outlines the scope of the research topic and concentrates on the data gathering equipment and an analysis of this unique data set...
June 2001: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10937860/nuclear-gene-defects-in-mitochondrial-disorders
#17
REVIEW
M Zeviani, P Corona, L Nijtmans, V Tiranti
An increasing number of nuclear genes have been associated with abnormalities of oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial disorders. The protein products of these genes can be grouped into three categories: structural components of the respiratory chain, factors influencing the structural integrity or the copy number of mitochondrial DNA, and proteins which control the formation, assembly and turnover of the respiratory complexes. Loss-of-function mutations in SURF-1, a gene belonging to the third category, have been associated with Leigh syndrome with cytochrome c oxidase deficiency...
December 1999: Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10901771/the-incidence-of-inflatable-rescue-boat-injuries-in-queensland-surf-lifesavers
#18
K J Bigby, R J McClure, A C Green
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current incidence of serious injuries in Queensland surf lifesavers related to inflatable rescue boat (IRB) use, and to describe the nature of the injuries. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The 3050 members of Queensland's 57 surf life saving clubs who drove or crewed an IRB in Queensland between July 1997 and June 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of serious IRB-related injuries that resulted in claims for workers compensation in 1997-1998, and type and anatomical location of injury...
May 15, 2000: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10556302/characterization-of-surf-1-expression-and-surf-1p-function-in-normal-and-disease-conditions
#19
V Tiranti, C Galimberti, L Nijtmans, S Bovolenta, M P Perini, M Zeviani
Loss-of-function mutations of the SURF-1 gene have been associated with Leigh syndrome with cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency. Mature Surf-1 protein (Surf-1p) is a 30 kDa hydrophobic polypeptide whose function is still unknown. Using antibodies against a recombinant, hemagglutinin-tagged Surf-1p, we have demonstrated that this protein is imported into mitochondria as a larger precursor, which is then processed into the mature product by cleaving off an N-terminal leader polypeptide of approximately 40 amino acids...
December 1999: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10443880/loss-of-function-mutations-of-surf-1-are-specifically-associated-with-leigh-syndrome-with-cytochrome-c-oxidase-deficiency
#20
V Tiranti, M Jaksch, S Hofmann, C Galimberti, K Hoertnagel, L Lulli, P Freisinger, L Bindoff, K D Gerbitz, G P Comi, G Uziel, M Zeviani, T Meitinger
Mutations of SURF-1, a gene located on chromosome 9q34, have recently been identified in patients affected by Leigh syndrome (LS), associated with deficiency of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. To investigate to what extent SURF-1 is responsible for human disorders because of COX deficiency, we undertook sequence analysis of the SURF-1 gene in 46 unrelated patients. We analyzed 24 COX-defective patients classified as having typical Leigh syndrome (LS(COX)), 6 patients classified as Leigh-like (LL(COX)) cases, and 16 patients classified as non-LS(COX) cases...
August 1999: Annals of Neurology
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