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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#1
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301467/a-comprehensive-study-of-mass-murder-precipitants-and-motivations-of-offenders
#2
Melanie A Taylor
Much speculation has been made in the media as to the causes of mass murder in the United States, yet little empirical research exists to verify factors leading to violence. Prior research primarily relies on case study methodologies or small data sets, but none have focused on the underlying issues observed in a comprehensive national sample. Data for the current study include 152 mass murders reported through the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports and USA Today from 2007 to 2011, which were then matched with media reports for each event...
February 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#3
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294926/exploring-the-correlates-to-depression-in-elder-abuse-victims-abusive-experience-or-individual-characteristics
#4
Ana João Santos, Baltazar Nunes, Irina Kislaya, Ana Paula Gil, Oscar Ribeiro
Depression and depressive symptoms have been studied both as risk factors and consequences of elder abuse, even though the most common cross-sectional design of the studies does not allow inferring cause or consequence relationships. This study estimates the proportion of older adults who screened positive for depressive symptoms among those self-reporting elder abuse and examines whether individual characteristics and/or abusive experience aspects are associated with self-reported depressive symptoms. Participants were 510 older adults self-reporting experiences of abuse in family setting enrolled in the cross-sectional victims' survey of the Aging and Violence Study...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294909/the-prediction-of-repeated-violence-among-individuals-with-serious-mental-disorders-situational-versus-dispositional-factors
#5
Michelle N Harris, Brent Teasdale
The question we attempt to answer in this study is why some individuals with serious mental illness engage in repeated violence, while others do not. There appear to be two perspectives that may explain repeated violence: one that emphasizes situational factors and one that emphasizes dispositional factors. Situational factors are those that are constantly changing within one's life, whereas dispositional factors are those that remain relatively stable over time. Therefore, dispositional factors would theoretically put individuals with serious mental illness at stable risk for repeated violence because these factors remain relatively stable over time...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289940/prevalence-of-mental-ill-health-traumas-and-postmigration-stress-among-refugees-from-syria-resettled-in-sweden-after-2011-a-population-based-survey
#6
Petter Tinghög, Andreas Malm, Charlotta Arwidson, Erika Sigvardsdotter, Andreas Lundin, Fredrik Saboonchi
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of and associations between anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low subjective well-being (SWB), potential traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and population-based questionnaire study based on a known and complete sample frame. The survey included multiple measures of mental ill health and factors of particular relevance for refugees...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285632/infant-health-and-future-childhood-adversity
#7
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283988/stigma-and-mental-disorders-in-developmental-age
#8
Marija Burgić Radmanović, Sanela Burgić
Most mental disorders begin during developmental age. Different misinformation about mental illnesses cause anxiety, create stereotypes and promote stigma. Stigma has been identified as a likely key factor in mental health services access and utilization, particularly under-utilization of existing services especially in children with mental disorders. Stigma is a problem with which parents / carers face child emotional and behavioral problems when they seek professional help. Very often they avoid to seek professional help due to existing stigmatized attitudes leading to lack of treatment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278677/intimate-partner-violence-victims-acceptance-and-refusal-of-on-site-counseling-in-emergency-departments-predictors-of-help-seeking-behavior-explored-through-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#9
Anna Wai-Man Choi, Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Ruby Tsz-Fung Lo, Pik-Ying Chan, John Kit-Shing Wong, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
Healthcare services constitute the first formal support that many intimate partner violence (IPV) victims receive and a link to formal welfare and psychological support. The help-seeking behavior for psychosocial support, e.g., Accident and Emergency Departments (AED) onsite counseling, is key to developing effective support for IPV victims. This study aimed to strengthen the health-welfare support link to aid IPV prevention in AEDs by investigating the acceptance and refusal of on-site counseling by IPV victims...
December 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276631/workplace-violence-toward-mental-healthcare-workers-employed-in-psychiatric-wards
#10
REVIEW
Gabriele d'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani
Background: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in psychiatric inpatient wards is a serious occupational issue that involves both staff and patients; the consequences of WPV may include increased service costs and lower standards of care. The purpose of this review was to evaluate which topics have been focused on in the literature and which are new in approaching the concern of patient violence against HCWs employed in psychiatric inpatient wards, in the past 20 years...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247923/distinct-pathological-profiles-of-inmates-showcasing-cluster-b-personality-traits-mental-disorders-and-substance-use-regarding-violent-behaviors
#11
Laura Dellazizzo, Jules R Dugré, Marieke Berwald, Marie-Christine Stafford, Gilles Côté, Stéphane Potvin, Alexandre Dumais
High rates of violence are found amid offenders with severe mental illnesses (SMI), substance use disorders (SUDs) and Cluster B personality disorders. Elevated rates of comorbidity lead to inconsistencies when it comes to this relationship. Furthermore, overlapping Cluster B personality traits have been associated with violence. Using multiple correspondence analysis and cluster analysis, this study was designed to differentiate profiles of 728 male inmates from penitentiary and psychiatric settings marked by personality traits, SMI and SUDs following different violent patterns...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240670/well-being-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-the-gender-segregated-country
#12
Hoda Jradi, Oraynab Abouabbas
Well-being is an essential measure that contributes to the evaluation of the health and quality of life of populations. In 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as physical, mental and social well-being. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between July and September 2015. Women aged 18 years old and above were invited to participate in the study. The data were collected using the WHO's Well-Being Index questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to identify factors that are significantly associated with well-being...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234506/newspaper-depictions-of-mental-and-physical-health
#13
Marian Chen, Stephen Lawrie
Aims and method Media portrayals of mental illness have long been recognised as being misleading and stigmatising. Following the campaigns of several advocacy groups to address this issue, we aimed to evaluate the impact on mental health reporting over time. We repeated a survey we did 15 years ago using the same methods. Nine UK daily newspapers were surveyed over a 4-week period and coded with a schema to analyse the reporting of mental health compared with physical health. Results In total, 963 articles - 200 on mental health and 763 on physical health - were identified...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230306/cultural-shift-in-mental-illness-a-comparison-of-stress-responses-in-world-war-i-and-the-vietnam-war
#14
Rasjid Skinner, Paul M Kaplick
Objectives: Post-traumatic stress disorder is an established diagnostic category. In particular, over the past 20 years, there has been an interest in culture as a fundamental factor in post-traumatic stress disorder symptom manifestation. However, only a very limited portion of this literature studies the historical variability of post-traumatic stress within a particular culture. Design: Therefore, this study examines whether stress responses to violence associated with armed conflicts have been a culturally stable reaction in Western troops...
December 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217352/relationship-between-individual-categories-of-adverse-childhood-experience-and-diabetes-in-adulthood-in-a-sample-of-us-adults-does-it-differ-by-gender
#15
Jennifer A Campbell, Gail C Farmer, Selena Nguyen-Rodriguez, Rebekah Walker, Leonard Egede
AIMS: ACEs are known to increase risk for diabetes in adulthood. However, little is known about the differential impact of individual ACE categories on diabetes risk, and whether this relationship is gender specific. METHODS: Data from the 2011 BRFSS was used in this study. Participants included 48,526 adults who completed the ACE module across 5 states. Using logistic regression, we examined the odds of diabetes in adulthood related to eight individual categories of ACEs: sexual abuse, physical abuse, verbal abuse, mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, separation/divorce, and violence...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196391/prison-mental-health-in-reach-teams-in-england-the-care-programme-approach-and-sexual-abuse-violence
#16
EDITORIAL
Charles G D Brooker, Andrew Forrester
Prison mental health in-reach teams have doubled in size over the past decade and case-loads have reduced. Since 2010 it has been mandatory for keyworkers to ask whether prisoners with serious mental illness being treated under the care programme approach have experienced sexual or physical abuse. This is known as routine enquiry and should take place for these prisoners but NHS England, the commissioners, do not audit this activity. It is time to review current interventions and their associated outcomes.
December 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182065/violence-in-severe-mental-illness-is-cognition-missing-in-the-associations-with-ethnicity-cannabis-and-alcohol
#17
Vaitsa Giannouli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172557/expanding-the-early-and-late-starter-model-of-criminal-justice-involvement-for-forensic-mental-health-clients
#18
Anne G Crocker, Michael S Martin, Marichelle C Leclair, Tonia L Nicholls, Michael C Seto
The early and late starter model provides one of the most enduring frameworks for understanding the developmental course and severity of violence and criminality among individuals with severe mental illness. We expanded the model to account for differences in the age of onset of criminal behavior and added a group with no prior contact with the justice or mental health systems. We sampled 1,800 men and women found Not Criminally Responsible on account of Mental Disorder in 3 Canadian provinces. Using a retrospective file-based study, we explored differences in criminal, health, demographic, and social functioning characteristics, processing through the forensic psychiatric system and recidivism outcomes of 5 groups...
November 27, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157507/public-attitudes-towards-involuntary-admission-and-treatment-by-mental-health-services-in-norway
#19
Inge Joa, Kjetil Hustoft, Liss Gøril Anda, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Olav Nielssen, Jan Olav Johannessen, Johannes H Langeveld
PURPOSE: The role of compulsory treatment of serious mental disorders has been the topic of ongoing public debate involving among others mental health professionals, service providers, service user advocates, relatives of service users, media commentators and politicians. However, relatively little is known about general public attitudes towards involuntary admission and compulsory treatment of people with various mental disorders. This article examines the attitudes in a representative sample of Norway's population towards the use of involuntary admission and treatment, and under which circumstances does the general public consider compulsory treatment to be justified in the Norwegian mental health care services...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154596/the-moderating-role-of-trauma-type-on-the-relationship-between-event-centrality-of-the-traumatic-experience-and-mental-health-outcomes
#20
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Schwartz, Amanda J Hasselle
OBJECTIVE: Event centrality, or the extent to which traumatic events are perceived to be integral to one's life, has been found to be predictive of trauma-related symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Less research has been devoted to whether event centrality is related to adaptive outcomes, such as posttraumatic growth (PTG) and resiliency, and psychological well-being (PWB) has not been investigated. Given the unique circumstances of different types of traumas, the relationship between event centrality and posttrauma functioning may differ by the type of trauma experienced...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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