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mental illness and violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635417/suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-specific-learning-disorders-an-underrecognized-issue
#1
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Samara Z Carroll, Wook Yang
Several studies have linked specific learning disorders (SLDs) with suicidal ideation, but less is known about the disorders' association with suicide attempts. This gap in the literature is addressed via the 2012 nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey ( n = 21,744). The prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts among those with an SLD was much higher than those without (11.1% vs. 2.7%, p < .001). In comparison with their peers without SLDs, adults with SLDs had 46% higher odds of having ever attempted suicide, even after adjusting for most known risk factors (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612397/understanding-and-treating-offenders-with-serious-mental-illness-in-public-sector-mental-health
#2
H Richard Lamb, Linda E Weinberger
This article begins with the history of the rise and fall of the state hospitals and subsequent criminalization of persons with serious mental illness (SMI). Currently, there is a belief among many that incarceration has not been as successful as hoped in reducing crime and drug use, both for those with and those without SMI. Moreover, overcrowding in correctional facilities has become a serious problem necessitating a solution. Consequently, persons with SMI in the criminal justice system are now being released in large numbers to the community and hopefully treated by public sector mental health...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580807/adverse-childhood-environment-relationship-with-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-marital-status-in-a-large-american-sample
#3
Kermyt G Anderson
A substantial theoretical and empirical literature suggests that stressful events in childhood influence the timing and patterning of subsequent sexual and reproductive behaviors. Stressful childhood environments have been predicted to produce a life history strategy in which adults are oriented more toward short-term mating behaviors and less toward behaviors consistent with longevity. This article tests the hypothesis that adverse childhood environment will predict adult outcomes in two areas: risky sexual behavior (engagement in sexual risk behavior or having taken an HIV test) and marital status (currently married vs...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566026/gun-violence-following-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-offense-characteristics-sources-of-guns-and-number-of-victims
#4
Aaron J Kivisto
OBJECTIVE: This study presents data on the relative contribution to gun violence by people with a history of inpatient psychiatric treatment and on federal efforts to deter presumptively dangerous persons from obtaining firearms, information useful for analyzing the potential public health benefits of gun policies targeting people with serious mental illness. The study also estimates the reduction in gun violence victims that would be expected if individuals with a previous psychiatric hospitalization were prohibited from purchasing firearms...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#5
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529219/socio-demographic-characteristics-partner-characteristics-socioeconomic-variables-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-women-with-schizophrenia-in-south-south-nigeria
#6
Taiwo Opekitan Afe, Thomas C Emedoh, Olawale O Ogunsemi, Abosede Adekeje Adegohun
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common among patients with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia. Few surveys have explored IPV among this specific group of patients and the demographic characteristics of victims in Nigeria. The aim of this survey was to explore socio-demographic, socioeconomic characteristics of victims and partners. A cross-sectional randomized survey of 79 women with schizophrenia from a major adult psychiatric outpatient in South-south Nigeria was done. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) was used to establish the diagnosis of schizophrenia among the participants and a purposely designed questionnaire to assess IPV...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#7
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496418/toward-the-identification-of-a-specific-psychopathology-of-substance-use-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Luca Rovai, Silvia Bacciardi, Icro Maremmani
Addiction is a mental illness in which psychiatric conditions imply a prominent burden. Psychopathological symptoms in substance use disorder (SUD) patients are usually viewed as being assignable to the sphere of a personality trait or of comorbidity, leaving doubts about the presence of a specific psychopathology that could only be related to the toxicomanic process. Our research group at the University of Pisa has shed light on the possible definition of a specific psychopathological dimension in SUDs. In heroin use disorder patients, performing an exploratory principal component factor analysis (PCA) on all the 90 items included in the SCL-90 questionnaire led to a five-factor solution...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483177/-socio-demographic-psychiatric-and-legal-characterization-of-colombian-unimputable-patients-2000-2013
#9
Juliana Escobar-Echavarría, Sergio Ignacio Molina-Osorio, Diana Patricia Restrepo-Bernal
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness has been associated with violent behaviour. Criminal behavior in the mentally ill population in Colombia has not been well studied. METHODS: This is a retrospective, descriptive study, from a secondary source. An analysis was made of the sociodemographic, clinical, and legal variables of 127 unfit to plead patients. A descriptive analysis of quantitative variables was performed by measures of central tendency, and frequencies and percentages were calculated for the qualitative variables...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481599/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-peer-delivered-permanent-supportive-housing-impact-of-housing-on-mental-and-overall-health-in-an-ethnically-diverse-population
#10
Annette S Crisanti, Danielle Duran, R Neil Greene, Jessica Reno, Carol Luna-Anderson, Deborah B Altschul
Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is an evidence-based health intervention for persons experiencing homelessness, but the impact of individual mechanisms within this intervention on health requires further research. This study examines the longitudinal impact of the mechanism of supportive housing within a peer-delivered PSH model on overall health and mental health (as measured by psychological distress and self-report of bothersome symptoms) outcomes in an ethnically diverse population. The 237 participants in the study included persons who were homeless or at risk of homelessness and who also had been diagnosed with a serious mental illness...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479143/identification-of-low-risk-of-violent-crime-in-severe-mental-illness-with-a-clinical-prediction-tool-oxford-mental-illness-and-violence-tool-oxmiv-a-derivation-and-validation-study
#11
Seena Fazel, Achim Wolf, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Susan Mallett, Thomas R Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to stratify patients with psychiatric disorders into groups on the basis of violence risk are limited by inconsistency, variable accuracy, and unscalability. To address the need for a scalable and valid tool to assess violence risk in patients with schizophrenia spectrum or bipolar disorder, we describe the derivation of a score based on routinely collected factors and present findings from external validation. METHODS: On the basis of a national cohort of 75 158 Swedish individuals aged 15-65 years with a diagnosis of severe mental illness (schizophrenia spectrum or bipolar disorder) with 574 018 patient episodes between Jan 1, 2001, and Dec 31, 2008, we developed predictive models for violent offending (primary outcome) within 1 year of hospital discharge for inpatients or clinical contact with psychiatric services for outpatients (patient episode) through linkage of population-based registers...
June 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470461/an-exploratory-analysis-of-unhealthy-and-abusive-relationships-for-adults-with-serious-mental-illnesses-living-in-supportive-housing
#12
Brad Forenza, Autumn M Bermea
Individuals living with serious mental illness are at high risk of chronic homelessness, victimization, and intimate partner violence. In recent years, supportive housing programs have emerged as one way to prevent homelessness and victimization for this population, while also expanding social interactions and social networks. In concert with a focal supportive housing program, this research conducted two focus groups with 18 individuals who have a serious mental illness diagnosis. The authors sought to answer the research question, "What are perceptions of healthy and unhealthy relationships among formerly homeless people with serious mental illness?" To this end, the eight-item questionnaire was created around dimensions of power and control, as well as relationship equality...
May 3, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464960/pathways-from-assaultive-violence-to-post-traumatic-stress-depression-and-generalized-anxiety-symptoms-through-stressful-life-events-longitudinal-mediation-models
#13
S R Lowe, S Joshi, S Galea, A E Aiello, M Uddin, K C Koenen, M Cerdá
BACKGROUND: Assaultive violence events are associated with increased risk for adverse psychiatric outcomes, including post-traumatic stress (PTS), depression, and generalized anxiety. Prior research has indicated that economic, legal, and social stressors that could follow assaultive events may explain the increased risk for adverse psychiatric outcomes, yet longitudinal studies have not adequately examined this pathway. In the current study, we aimed to address this limitation. METHODS: Participants (N = 1360) were part of a longitudinal population-based study of adults living in Detroit...
May 3, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452897/are-goods-for-guns-good-for-the-community-an-update-of-a-community-gun-buyback-program
#14
Jonathan Green, Rachelle N Damle, Rebecca E Kasper, Pina Violano, Mariann Manno, Pradeep P Nazarey, Jeremy T Aidlen, Michael P Hirsh
BACKGROUND: Gun violence remains a leading cause of death in the United States. Community gun buyback programs provide an opportunity to dispose of extraneous firearms. The purpose of this study was to understand the demographics, motivation, child access to firearms and household mental illness of buyback participants in hopes of improving the program's effectiveness. METHODS: A 2015 Injury Free Coalition for Kids gun buyback program which collaborated with local police departments was studied...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#15
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426560/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-an-east-multicenter-trial
#16
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall, Jessica George, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: A single-center trial recently demonstrated a prevalence of 14% of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) among both male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism of injury. We aimed to determine if this phenomenon was similar to rates in other trauma centers by assessing the feasibility of universal screening and determining the prevalence and association of IPSV with other trauma-associated comorbidities. METHODS: We designed an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-supported multicenter, prospective observational cohort study involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389688/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-ill-health-among-global-populations-of-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Marta Chmielowska, Daniela C Fuhr
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognised as a major obstacle to the achievement of gender equality and human development. Its adverse physical and mental health consequences have been reported to affect women of all ages and backgrounds. Although Indigenous women seem to experience higher rates of partner abuse than non-Indigenous women, mental health consequences of IPV among this population are not yet clearly established in the literature. This study systematically reviewed the global literature on mental health outcomes and risk factors for mental ill health among Indigenous women who experienced IPV...
April 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384241/mental-ill-health-in-structural-pathways-to-women-s-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Mercilene T Machisa, Nicola Christofides, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and binge drinking are among mental health effects of child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) experiences among women. Emerging data show the potential mediating role of mental ill health in the relationship of child abuse and IPV. There is evidence that PTSD, depression and alcohol abuse are comorbid common mental disorders and that a bidirectional relationship exists between depression and IPV in some settings. Furthermore, the temporal direction in the relationship of alcohol abuse and women's IPV experiences from different studies is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375722/the-link-between-mental-illness-and-firearm-violence-implications-for-social-policy-and-clinical-practice
#19
John S Rozel, Edward P Mulvey
The United States has substantially higher levels of firearm violence than most other developed countries. Firearm violence is a significant and preventable public health crisis. Mental illness is a weak risk factor for violence despite popular misconceptions reflected in the media and policy. That said, mental health professionals play a critical role in assessing their patients for violence risk, counseling about firearm safety, and guiding the creation of rational and evidence-based public policy that can be effective in mitigating violence risk without unnecessarily stigmatizing people with mental illness...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375416/assault-injury-and-homicide-death-profile-in-rhode-island-2004-2014
#20
Yongwen Jiang, Megan L Ranney, Jordan Seaberry, Lynne-Marie Shea, Brian Sullivan, Samara Viner-Brown
Community violence, including assault and homicide, is a public health problem. We provide a profile of assault-related injury and homicide death in Rhode Island to better understand assault/homicide. The 2014 emergency department (ED) visit data, hospital discharge (HD) data, and 2004-2014 Rhode Island Violent Death Reporting System (RIVDRS) data were used for this study. Most assault injuries and homicide deaths were among persons who were 25-44 years old, male, black and Hispanic, living in urban regions, self-pay or public insurance user, and never married...
April 3, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
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