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mental illness and violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142385/violence-to-others-violent-self-victimization-and-violent-victimization-by-others-among-persons-with-a-mental-illness
#1
John Monahan, Roumen Vesselinov, Pamela Clark Robbins, Paul S Appelbaum
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the frequency of and characteristics associated with three forms of violence among persons with mental illness-violence directed at others, self-directed violence, and violence directed at them by others. METHODS: Previously unreported data from a follow-up sample of 951 patients from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study were analyzed to characterize involvement in violence directed at others, self-directed violence, and violence directed at them by others...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138388/mental-illness-and-violent-behavior-the-role-of-dissociation
#2
Aliya R Webermann, Bethany L Brand
BACKGROUND: The role of mental illness in violent crime is elusive, and there are harmful stereotypes that mentally ill people are frequently violent criminals. Studies find greater psychopathology among violent offenders, especially convicted homicide offenders, and higher rates of violence perpetration and victimization among those with mental illness. Emotion dysregulation may be one way in which mental illness contributes to violent and/or criminal behavior. Although there are many stereotyped portrayals of individuals with dissociative disorders (DDs) being violent, the link between DDs and crime is rarely researched...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135626/increased-risk-for-mental-illness-injuries-and-violence-in-children-born-to-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study-in-sweden-during-1999-2012
#3
Maria Wickström, Berit Höglund, Margareta Larsson, Maria Lundgren
Several studies have demonstrated that mothers with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher prevalence of mental health illness, lower socio-economic status, and a higher risk of alcohol and drug use compared to mothers without ID. The children of mothers with ID are over-represented in child protection and legal proceedings but are generally a less studied group than the mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate if children born to mothers with ID had an increased risk of being diagnosed with mental illness, injuries, and violence compared with children of mothers without ID...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124397/nidotherapy-compared-with-enhanced-care-programme-approach-training-for-adults-with-aggressive-challenging-behaviour-and-intellectual-disability-nidabid-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
P Tyrer, S A Tarabi, P Bassett, N Liedtka, R Hall, J Nagar, A Imrie, H Tyrer
BACKGROUND: Aggressive challenging behaviour is very common in care homes for people with intellectual disability, and better psychological treatments are needed. Nidotherapy aims to change the environment of people with mental illness and is an appropriate treatment for this group of disorders. METHOD: The design was a cluster randomised trial of 20 care homes in which the staff either received training in nidotherapy or the enhanced care programme approach (ECPA), with equivalent duration of treatment in each arm...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095806/predictors-of-mental-health-review-tribunal-mhrt-outcome-in-a-forensic-inpatient-population-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Amelia Jewell, Kimberlie Dean, Tom Fahy, Alexis E Cullen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated factors associated with outcome at Mental Health Review Tribunals (MHRTs) in forensic psychiatric patients; however, dynamic variables such as treatment compliance and substance misuse have scarcely been examined, particularly in UK samples. We aimed to determine whether dynamic factors related to behaviour, cooperation with treatment, and activities on the ward were prospectively associated with outcome at MHRT. METHODS: At baseline, demographic, clinical, behavioural, and treatment-related factors were ascertained via electronic medical records and census forms completed by the patient's clinical team...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060601/parents-caring-for-adult-children-with-serious-mental-illness
#6
Kathryn Y Raymond, Danny G Willis, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND: Parents often become the caregivers for their adult children with serious mental illness (SMI) due to the chronic and debilitating course of the illness and shortages in funding for community mental health services and residential placements. OBJECTIVE: To examine parents' management styles when caring for adult children with SMI and parents' perspectives on what type of community-based mental health interventions would support and/or enhance overall family functioning...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051192/global-warming-and-its-health-impact
#7
Antonella Rossati
Since the mid-19th century, human activities have increased greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide in the Earth's atmosphere that resulted in increased average temperature. The effects of rising temperature include soil degradation, loss of productivity of agricultural land, desertification, loss of biodiversity, degradation of ecosystems, reduced fresh-water resources, acidification of the oceans, and the disruption and depletion of stratospheric ozone. All these have an impact on human health, causing non-communicable diseases such as injuries during natural disasters, malnutrition during famine, and increased mortality during heat waves due to complications in chronically ill patients...
January 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#8
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029274/prevalence-of-victimization-in-patients-with-dual-diagnosis
#9
Marleen Maria de Waal, Jacobus Johannes Maria Dekker, Anna Emma Goudriaan
Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of victimization in patients with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders (dual diagnosis) and compare them to the general population. Methods In this cross-sectional survey study conducted in the Netherlands, 9 different types of victimization (e.g. physical assault) were assessed with the Safety Monitor in patients with dual diagnosis (N = 243) and a sample of the general population (N = 10865). Chi-square tests were used to compare patients with a weighted sample of the general population...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013327/television-coverage-of-mental-illness-in-canada-2013-2015
#10
Rob Whitley, JiaWei Wang
The aim of this study is to assess television news coverage of mental illness in Canadian media, including change over time. Data consist of news clips mentioning terms including 'mental illness' (N = 579). These were systematically collected and coded over 3 years (2013-2015) using a media retrieval software. Trend analysis indicated a significant linear increase for positively oriented coverage. In 2013, less than 10% of clips had a positive overall tone, whereas in 2015, this figure reached over 40%. Articles linking mental illness to violence significantly decreased, though these remain over 50%...
December 24, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999156/liza-h-gold-and-robert-i-simon-eds-gun-violence-and-mental-illness
#11
Stephen Lawoko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998319/leading-indicators-of-community-based-violent-events-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#12
R A Van Dorn, K J Grimm, S L Desmarais, S J Tueller, K L Johnson, M S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The public health, public safety and clinical implications of violent events among adults with mental illness are significant; however, the causes and consequences of violence and victimization among adults with mental illness are complex and not well understood, which limits the effectiveness of clinical interventions and risk management strategies. This study examined interrelationships between violence, victimization, psychiatric symptoms, substance use, homelessness and in-patient treatment over time...
December 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993258/-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-colombia-results-from-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#13
Alvaro Arenas, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Martin Rondón
INTRODUCTION: Suicidal behaviour leads to a significant cause of mortality in the world. It is important to know the factors associated with this behaviour in order to design public health policies that may decrease its incidence. OBJECTIVE: Describe the results of the Colombian National Survey of Mental Health related to suicidal behaviour in adults. RESULTS: It was observed that 5.5% (95% CI, 4.5-6.7) of men and 7.6% (95% CI, 6.6-8.7) of women had suicidal thoughts...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988143/the-healthy-activity-program-hap-a-lay-counsellor-delivered-brief-psychological-treatment-for-severe-depression-in-primary-care-in-india-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Vikram Patel, Benedict Weobong, Helen A Weiss, Arpita Anand, Bhargav Bhat, Basavraj Katti, Sona Dimidjian, Ricardo Araya, Steve D Hollon, Michael King, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, A-La Park, David McDaid, Terry Wilson, Richard Velleman, Betty R Kirkwood, Christopher G Fairburn
BACKGROUND: Although structured psychological treatments are recommended as first-line interventions for depression, only a small fraction of people globally receive these treatments because of poor access in routine primary care. We assessed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a brief psychological treatment (Healthy Activity Program [HAP]) for delivery by lay counsellors to patients with moderately severe to severe depression in primary health-care settings. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, we recruited participants aged 18-65 years scoring more than 14 on the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) indicating moderately severe to severe depression from ten primary health centres in Goa, India...
January 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977500/violent-extremism-community-based-violence-prevention-and-mental-health-professionals
#15
Stevan M Weine, Andrew Stone, Aliya Saeed, Stephen Shanfield, John Beahrs, Alisa Gutman, Aida Mihajlovic
New community-based initiatives being developed to address violent extremism in the United States are utilizing mental health services and leadership. This article reviews current approaches to preventing violent extremism, the contribution that mental illness and psychosocial problems can make to violent extremism, and the rationale for integrating mental health strategies into preventing violent extremism. The authors describe a community-based targeted violence prevention model and the potential roles of mental health professionals...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943059/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-s-cancer-quality-of-life
#16
Ann L Coker, Diane R Follingstad, Lisandra S Garcia, Heather M Bush
PURPOSE: Because intimate partner violence (IPV) may disproportionately impact women's quality of life (QOL) when undergoing cancer treatment, women experiencing IPV were hypothesized to have (a) more symptoms of depression or stress and (b) lower QOL as measured with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT-B) and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being (FACIT-SP) Scales relative to those never experiencing IPV. METHODS: Women, aged 18-79, who were included in one of two state cancer registries from 2009 to 2015 with a recent incident, primary, invasive biopsy-confirmed cancer diagnosis were recruited and asked to complete a phone interview, within 12 months of diagnosis...
January 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919622/workplace-aggression-as-cause-and-effect-emergency-nurses-experiences-of-working-fatigued
#17
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Altair M Delao, Paul R Clark
INTRODUCTION: Emergency nursing requires acute attention to detail to provide safe and effective care to potentially unstable or critically ill patients; this requirement may be significantly impaired by physical and mental fatigue. There is a lack of evidence regarding the effects of fatigue caused by factors other than a sleep deficit (e.g., emotional exhaustion). Fatigue affects nurses' ability to work safely in the emergency care setting and potentially impacts their health and quality of life outside of work...
December 2, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859815/addressing-engagement-anger-and-aggression-through-the-rock-water-program-rural-adolescent-males-perceptions
#18
Paul Edwards, Thea van de Mortel, John Stevens
OBJECTIVE: The Rock and Water Program (RWP) has been implemented in some Australian schools as a means of addressing school disengagement, anger and aggression, which are significant determinants of mental illness. However, much of the evidence supporting the RWP is anecdotal. This project explored rural adolescent males' perceptions of the RWP. DESIGN: Questionnaires were used to gather data about the students prior to their commencement in the RWP. Focus group interviews were conducted with students at weeks 5 and 9 of the 9-week program...
November 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#19
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836162/gender-considerations-in-violence
#20
REVIEW
Renee Sorrentino, Susan Hatters Friedman, Ryan Hall
The role of gender in violence is poorly understood. Research has shown that gender has an important and, at times, distinct role in the prediction of violence. However, this gender disparity diminishes in the setting of mental illness. The risk assessment of violence in women is largely based on research in violent men. There are distinct characteristics in female violence compared with male violence. Attention to these characteristics may lead to the development of gender-dependent tools that can be used to evaluate violence risk...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
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