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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919622/workplace-aggression-as-cause-and-effect-emergency-nurses-experiences-of-working-fatigued
#1
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Altair M Delao, Paul R Clark
INTRODUCTION: Emergency nursing requires acute attention to detail to provide safe and effective care to potentially unstable or critically ill patients; this requirement may be significantly impaired by physical and mental fatigue. There is a lack of evidence regarding the effects of fatigue caused by factors other than a sleep deficit (e.g., emotional exhaustion). Fatigue affects nurses' ability to work safely in the emergency care setting and potentially impacts their health and quality of life outside of work...
December 2, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859815/addressing-engagement-anger-and-aggression-through-the-rock-water-program-rural-adolescent-males-perceptions
#2
Paul Edwards, Thea van de Mortel, John Stevens
OBJECTIVE: The Rock and Water Program (RWP) has been implemented in some Australian schools as a means of addressing school disengagement, anger and aggression, which are significant determinants of mental illness. However, much of the evidence supporting the RWP is anecdotal. This project explored rural adolescent males' perceptions of the RWP. DESIGN: Questionnaires were used to gather data about the students prior to their commencement in the RWP. Focus group interviews were conducted with students at weeks 5 and 9 of the 9-week program...
November 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#3
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836162/gender-considerations-in-violence
#4
REVIEW
Renee Sorrentino, Susan Hatters Friedman, Ryan Hall
The role of gender in violence is poorly understood. Research has shown that gender has an important and, at times, distinct role in the prediction of violence. However, this gender disparity diminishes in the setting of mental illness. The risk assessment of violence in women is largely based on research in violent men. There are distinct characteristics in female violence compared with male violence. Attention to these characteristics may lead to the development of gender-dependent tools that can be used to evaluate violence risk...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836161/violence-by-parents-against-their-children-reporting-of-maltreatment-suspicions-child-protection-and-risk-in-mental-illness
#5
REVIEW
Miranda McEwan, Susan Hatters Friedman
Psychiatrists are mandated to report suspicions of child abuse in America. Potential for harm to children should be considered when one is treating parents who are at risk. Although it is the commonly held wisdom that mental illness itself is a major risk factor for child abuse, there are methodologic issues with studies purporting to demonstrate this. Rather, the risk from an individual parent must be considered. Substance abuse and personality disorder pose a separate risk than serious mental illness. Violence risk from mental illness is dynamic, rather than static...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836155/mental-illness-and-firearms-legal-context-and-clinical-approaches
#6
REVIEW
Debra A Pinals, Lisa Anacker
Gun violence and mental illness is a major area of media attention, especially because highly publicized mass shootings seem to have become more commonly reported in the press. Gun access also is undergoing a highly politicized debate in the United States. It is important for mental health practitioners to understand the background and context of laws related to firearms access, and to understand data related to risk of suicide and violence toward others caused by gun violence among persons with mental illness...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793729/pathways-from-family-disadvantage-via-abusive-parenting-and-caregiver-mental-health-to-adolescent-health-risks-in-south-africa
#7
Franziska Meinck, Lucie Dale Cluver, Frederick Mark Orkin, Caroline Kuo, Amogh Dhar Sharma, Imca Sifra Hensels, Lorraine Sherr
PURPOSE: Adolescent health is a major concern in low- and middle-income countries, but little is known about its predictors. Family disadvantage and abusive parenting may be important factors associated with adolescent psychological, behavioral, and physical health outcomes. This study, based in South Africa, aimed to develop an empirically based theoretical model of relationships between family factors such as deprivation, illness, parenting, and adolescent health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in 2009-2010 from 2,477 adolescents (aged 10-17) and their caregivers using stratified random sampling in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777274/involuntary-outpatient-commitment-and-the-elusive-pursuit-of-violence-prevention-a-view-from-the-united-states
#8
Marvin S Swartz, Sayanti Bhattacharya, Allison G Robertson, Jeffrey W Swanson
OBJECTIVE: Involuntary outpatient commitment (OPC)-also referred to as 'assisted outpatient treatment' or 'community treatment orders'-are civil court orders whereby persons with serious mental illness and repeated hospitalisations are ordered to adhere to community-based treatment. Increasingly, in the United States, OPC is promoted to policy makers as a means to prevent violence committed by persons with mental illness. This article reviews the background and context for promotion of OPC for violence prevention and the empirical evidence for the use of OPC for this goal...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774704/the-association-between-exposure-to-interpersonal-violence-and-suicide-among-women-a-systematic-review
#9
Michael B MacIsaac, Lyndal C Bugeja, George A Jelinek
OBJECTIVE: To review the association between exposure to interpersonal violence and suicide among women. METHODS: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocol (PRISMA-P), this review examined articles identified by using the key terms 'interpersonal violence', 'suicide' and 'death'. Of 5,536 articles identified, 38 met the a priori inclusion criteria. These required that studies examined interpersonal violence, included women and completed suicide was a measured outcome...
October 23, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739073/narratives-of-self-neglect-patterns-of-traumatic-personal-experiences-and-maladaptive-behaviors-in-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#10
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736205/deaths-from-unintentional-injury-homicide-and-suicide-during-or-within-1-year-of-pregnancy-in-philadelphia
#11
Pooja K Mehta, Marcus A Bachhuber, Roy Hoffman, Sindhu K Srinivas
OBJECTIVES: To understand the effect of unintentional injuries (e.g., drug overdose), suicide, and homicide on pregnancy-associated death (death during or within 1 year of pregnancy). METHODS: We analyzed all cases of pregnancy-associated death among Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, residents from 2010 to 2014, examining cause of death, contributing factors, and history of health care use. RESULTS: Approximately half (49%; 42 of 85) of pregnancy-associated deaths were from unintentional injuries (n = 31), homicide (n = 8), or suicide (n = 3); drug overdose was the leading cause (n = 18)...
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733005/-problems-and-implications-of-assessing-the-risk-of-violence-of-persons-with-mental-illness
#12
Georg Schomerus, Asmus Finzen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726123/psychological-therapies-for-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-trauma
#13
REVIEW
Donna Gillies, Licia Maiocchi, Abhishta P Bhandari, Fiona Taylor, Carl Gray, Louise O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes, all of which are associated with high personal and health costs. A wide range of psychological treatments are used to prevent negative outcomes associated with trauma in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychological therapies in preventing PTSD and associated negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents who have undergone a traumatic event...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721058/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-overlap-between-violence-and-victimization-among-adults-with-mental-illnesses
#14
Kiersten L Johnson, Sarah L Desmarais, Stephen J Tueller, Kevin J Grimm, Marvin S Swartz, Richard A Van Dorn
Prior research suggests considerable overlap of violence perpetration and victimization among adults with mental illnesses. However, there has been no examination of how the likelihood of being a victim and/or perpetrator of violence may change over time, nor consideration of clinically-relevant factors affecting these transitions. In a pooled sample of adults with mental illnesses (N=3,473) we employed latent transition analysis to: (a) determine prevalence of four violence and victimization classifications (i...
September 26, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705899/health-advocacy-project-evaluating-the-benefits-of-service-learning-to-nursing-students-and-low-income-individuals-involved-in-a-community-based-mental-health-promotion-project
#15
Joan Samuels-Dennis, Liudi Xia, Sandra Secord, Amelia Raiger
Poverty, along with other factors such as unemployment, work and life stressors, interpersonal violence, and lack of access to high quality health and/or social services all play a role in determining who develops a mental illness and for whom those symptoms persist or worsen. Senior nursing student preparing to enter the field and working in a service learning capacity may be able to influence early recovery and symptom abatement among those most vulnerable to mental illness. A consortium of community stakeholders and researchers collaboratively designed a 10-week mental health promotion project called the Health Advocacy Project (HAP)...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684305/the-epidemiology-of-ptsd-and-depression-in-refugee-minors-who-have-resettled-in-developed-countries
#16
James Reavell, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents, the crisis is very apparent. AIM: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in different developed countries. METHODS: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679634/violence-and-self-harm-in-severe-mental-illness-inpatient-study-of-associations-with-ethnicity-cannabis-and-alcohol
#17
Vajira Dharmawardene, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVE: We examined the extent to which ethnicity, cannabis and alcohol use could predict prevalence of violence and self-harm in an inpatient psychiatric sample. METHOD: We collected demographic and clinical data in a series of 141 adult psychiatric inpatients in Hamilton, New Zealand. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test, Revised (CUDIT-R) were used to measure substance use. Clinical assessment and file review were used to verify histories of self-harm and violence...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667479/client-history-and-violence-on-direct-care-workers-in-the-home-care-setting
#18
Ha Do Byon, Carla Storr, Lori Edwards, Jane Lipscomb
BACKGROUND: Health care workers providing home care are frequently unaware of their client's history of violence or mental illness/substance abuse disorder, recognized risk factors for workplace violence. This study estimated the associations between these factors and experiencing client violence among direct care workers in the home settings (DCWHs). METHODS: Acts and threats of violence were estimated using data from an anonymous survey among DCWHs (n = 876) working at two large home care agencies...
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645197/recent-physical-and-sexual-violence-against-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Hind Khalifeh, Siân Oram, David Osborn, Louise M Howard, Sonia Johnson
People with severe mental illness (SMI) have high prevalence of lifetime victimization, but little is known about the extent and risk of recent domestic/sexual violence. The objective was to synthesize evidence on prevalence, odds, and risk factors for recent violence against people with SMI, with a focus on domestic and sexual violence. Relevant studies were identified through literature searches in Medline, Psychinf, Embase (for studies published in 2010-2015), and through existing systematic reviews (for studies published in 2000-2014)...
October 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640925/multiple-types-of-childhood-and-adult-violence-among-homeless-and-unstably-housed-women-in-san-francisco
#20
Lauren H Wong, Martha Shumway, Annesa Flentje, Elise D Riley
This study examined the relationship between different forms of childhood violence (emotional, physical, and sexual) and these same forms of violence in adulthood, using a cross-sectional baseline survey of 298 homeless and unstably housed women in San Francisco, California. We also examined other related factors, including mental illnesses diagnosis, sex exchange, jail time, HIV status, and sociodemographic information. Regression analysis indicated that although several of these factors were associated with experiences of violence as an adult, specific types of child violence (e...
September 16, 2016: Violence and Victims
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