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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937800/when-is-neuropsychological-testing-medically-necessary-for-children-on-medicaid-in-new-mexico
#1
Noah K Kaufman, Carola Mullins, Andrew S Davis, Silvina Tonarelli, Hugo Sandoval, Luis Ramos-Duran
Healthcare for poor children, also known as Medicaid, is disproportionately relied upon by citizens of poor states such as New Mexico, where (a) there are more unintended pregnancies, (b) domestic violence during and after pregnancies occurs with regularity, (c) youth substance use is much more common, (d) crime rates are some of the worst in the country, (e) many never graduate from high school, and (f) incarceration is often inevitable. Yet, there is a dearth of research into the neuropsychological health of these children...
September 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#2
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916143/violent-behavior-by-emergency-department-patients-with-an-involuntary-hold-status
#3
Nancy L Dawson, Christian Lachner, Tyler F Vadeboncoeur, Michael J Maniaci, Veronica Bosworth, Teresa A Rummans, Archana Roy, M Caroline Burton
BACKGROUND: Violence against health care workers has been increasing. Health care workers in emergency departments (EDs) are highly vulnerable because they provide care for patients who may have mental illness, behavioral problems, or substance use disorders (alone or in combination) and who are often evaluated during an involuntary hold. Our objective was to identify factors that may be associated with violent behavior in ED patients during involuntary holds. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients evaluated during an involuntary hold at a suburban acute care hospital ED from January 2014 through November 2015...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#4
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859582/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-the-risk-of-criminal-justice-involvement-and-victimization-among-homeless-adults-with-mental-illness
#5
Hanie Edalati, Tonia L Nicholls, Anne G Crocker, Laurence Roy, Julian M Somers, Michelle L Patterson
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is highly prevalent among homeless individuals and is associated with negative consequences during homelessness. This study examined the effect of ACEs on the risk of criminal justice involvement and victimization among homeless individuals with mental illness. METHODS: The study used baseline data from a demonstration project (At Home/Chez Soi) that provided Housing First and recovery-oriented services to homeless adults with mental illness...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841510/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-life-history-of-aggression-evaluated-in-patients-from-a-psychiatric-emergency-setting
#6
Laura Dellazizzo, Stéphane Potvin, Charles-Édouard Giguère, Marieke Berwald, Jules R Dugré, Alexandre Dumais
Aggression is a major concern in psychiatric units even more so in emergency settings and is prevalent across many mental disorders. Since a prior history of aggression remains a crucial predictor of violence in hospitalized patients, appropriate tools assessing the history of violence are essential to implement management plans. The Life History of Aggression (LHA) is a widely-utilized instrument. Yet, its psychometric properties have not been thoroughly evaluated and it has neither been validated in a variety of psychiatric illnesses nor in psychiatric emergency settings...
August 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832753/recent-illicit-drug-use-among-psychiatric-patients-in-brazil-a-national-representative-study
#7
Miriam Almeida Nahas, Ana Paula Souto Melo, Francine Cournos, Karen Mckinnon, Milton Wainberg, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
OBJECTIVE: To estimate factors associated to illicit drug use among patients with mental illness in Brazil according to gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional representative sample of psychiatric patients (2,475 individuals) was randomly selected from 11 hospitals and 15 public mental health outpatient clinics. Data on self-reported illicit drug use and sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral characteristics were obtained from face-to-face interviews. Logistic regression was used to estimate associations with recent illicit drug use...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805155/violence-victimization-and-mental-health
#8
Vishal Bhavsar, Antonio Ventriglio
INTRODUCTION: Violence and victimization are often viewed in black and white terms by mental health professionals, an approach which is belied by more nuanced perspectives from outside psychiatry. METHODS: Given increasing empirical evidence of the pervasive burden of victimization in people with mental illness, authors focused on the available theories and evidences from the literature. RESULTS: Authors summarize the theories of victimizations, the possible measures of this phenomenon and underlie the role of research to clarify the link between psychiatry, violence and victimization...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805125/utilizing-mental-health-professionals-to-help-prevent-the-next-attacks
#9
Stevan Weine, David P Eisenman, La Tina Jackson, Janni Kinsler, Chloe Polutnik
Recent high-profile cases and scientific research on lone actor terrorist attackers have indicated that there may be an association with mental illness. Simultaneously, countering violent extremism (CVE) initiatives have recently been placing more emphasis on building intervention (aka secondary prevention) programmes to address this matter, with mental health professionals possibly playing important roles in preventing lone actor terrorist attacks. Mental health professionals can contribute to intervention programmes, as practitioners and as leaders, but more so by drawing upon the threat assessment model, than because of a possible association with mental illness...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795914/domestic-violence-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-women-seeking-help-from-domestic-violence-support-services
#10
Giulia Ferrari, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Jayne Bailey, Louise Howard, Emma Howarth, Tim J Peters, Lynnmarie Sardinha, Gene Solomon Feder
Background Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services. Objective Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793147/comparing-public-safety-outcomes-for-traditional-probation-vs-specialty-mental-health-probation
#11
Jennifer L Skeem, Sarah Manchak, Lina Montoya
Importance: Probation is a cornerstone of efforts to reduce mass incarceration. Although it is understudied, specialty probation could improve outcomes for the overrepresented group of people with mental illness. Objective: To test whether specialty probation yields better public safety outcomes than traditional probation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A longitudinal observational study with group matching on age, sex, race/ethnicity, probation time, and offense at 2 urban agencies that exemplify specialty and traditional probation...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767001/victims-retrospective-explanations-of-sibling-sexual-violence
#12
Courtney McDonald, Katherine Martinez
While sibling sexual abuse may be the most common form of sexual violence within the family, relatively few studies have been conducted on this topic. The current study addresses this gap in the literature through analyses of thematic categories in narratives gathered from an online survey of sibling sexual violence. Survivors were asked to report why they believed their siblings had become sexually abusive toward them. Participants believed that their abusers had learned to be abusive due to their own victimization or exposure to pornography, were abusive to establish dominance over them, or had some undisclosed mental illness...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758765/ptsd-mental-illness-and-care-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-northern-uganda-findings-from-the-ways-study
#13
Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Ask Elklit, Sarah Bøgelund Dokkedahl
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have mainly considered war-affected youth as a homogenous group yet several subpopulations of war-affected youth, such as survivors of sexual violence, exist with unique mental health problems and treatment needs. This study aimed to assess posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), perceptions and meaning of mental illness, and access and barriers to mental health care among survivors of sexual violence. METHOD: Data were collected from survivors of sexual violence during war (N = 181) who are participants in the longitudinal War-Affected Youth Survey (WAYS) study in Northern Uganda...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750617/health-system-preparedness-for-integration-of-mental-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#14
Wilfred S Gwaikolo, Brandon A Kohrt, Janice L Cooper
BACKGROUND: There are increasing efforts and attention focused on the delivery of mental health services in primary care in low resource settings (e.g., mental health Gap Action Programme, mhGAP). However, less attention is devoted to systematic approaches that identify and address barriers to the development and uptake of mental health services within primary care in low-resource settings. Our objective was to prepare for optimal uptake by identifying barriers in rural Liberia. The country's need for mental health services is compounded by a 14-year history of political violence and the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak in history...
July 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737978/risk-of-violence-among-patients-in-psychiatric-treatment-results-from-a-national-census
#15
Solveig Osborg Ose, Solfrid Lilleeng, Ivar Pettersen, Torleif Ruud, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Adverse media coverage of isolated incidents affects the public perception of the risk of violent behavior among people with mental illness. However, the risk of violence is studied most frequently among inpatients, which falsely exaggerates the prevalence of people with mental illness because the majority of individuals receive treatment as outpatients. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of the risk of violence among inpatients and outpatients in psychiatric treatment, as well as the associations with gender, age, socio-economic status and co-morbid substance use disorders in all major diagnostic categories...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704796/prison-mental-health-in-reach-teams-serious-mental-illness-and-the-care-programme-approach-in-england
#16
Charlie Brooker, Russell Webster
The delivery of prison mental health services in England is examined over the last 12 years. Resources for services have grown significantly during this period and improved organisational models for the delivery of services are now in place. During this period however the challenges of working in the prison environment have increased. The paper argues that a history of sexual abuse or violence are common amongst prisoners and the Care Programme Approach (CPA) provides the vehicle to assess these histories through the use of routine enquiry...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701052/-they-accused-me-of-strangling-her-epilepsy-and-violence-debate-in-croatia-at-the-end-of-the-nineteenth-and-the-beginning-of-the-twentieth-centuries
#17
Martin Kuhar, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
Nineteenth-century psychiatry shifted its focus to the brain as the seat of mental disorders. With a new understanding of mental disorders arose the need to consult forensic psychiatrists in cases of criminal acts committed by persons with mental illness. This article focuses on three murders committed by 'epileptics' at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries in Croatia. An analysis of these cases will help to situate forensic psychiatry at the turn of the century within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and reveal the authority that forensic experts wielded in the courts...
July 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686491/falling-through-the-cracks-the-decline-of-mental-health-care-and-firearm-violence
#18
John Meszaros
BACKGROUND: This paper argues that the decline in the availability of long-term, intensive mental health services, particularly through state mental health hospital systems, has had negative impacts on firearm-related deaths and possibly on the incidence of mass shooting events. AIMS: Establish the effect of reduced availability of long-term, intensive mental health treatment on firearm-related violence in the United States. METHOD: Ordinary least squares regressions on cross-sectional data of US states...
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683372/a-systematic-review-of-risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-family-related-violence-in-refugee-families
#19
Isabelle Timshel, Edith Montgomery, Nina Thorup Dalgaard
The current systematic review summarizes the evidence from studies examining the risk and protective factors associated with family related violence in refugee families. Data included 15 peer-reviewed qualitative and quantitative studies. In order to gain an overview of the identified risk and protective factors an ecological model was used to structure the findings. At the individual level, parental trauma experiences/mental illness, substance abuse and history of child abuse were found to be risk factors...
July 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673817/a-state-led-framework-for-value-based-purchasing-to-incent-integration
#20
Katherine Shea Barrett, Katherine L Record, Vivian Haime
Addressing healthcare costs requires incenting providers to address both physical and behavioral health conditions, as well as social determinants of health. The most complex, and expensive, patients are often those with comorbid mental illness and/or addiction, who are at higher risk for exposure to violence, food insecurity, unstable housing and other adversities that negatively affect health. Yet today's value-based payment models and associated quality measures do not incent providers to address patients' behavioral and social needs...
June 22, 2017: Healthcare
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