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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133141/-a-case-of-aortoesophageal-fistula-rupture-due-to-descending-thoracic-aortic-dissection-with-recurrent-colon-cancer-during-chemotherapy-containing-bevacizumab
#1
Takamaru Koda, Junichi Koike, Hiroshi Masuhara, Akiharu Kurihara, Hiroyuki Shiokawa, Mitsunori Ushigome, Tomoaki Kaneko, Takayuki Suzuki, Yuko Sawaguchi, Tomoyuki Katayanagi, Takerou Fujii, Yoshinori Watanabe, Kimihiko Funahashi, Hideaki Shimada, Hironori Kaneko
We report a case of aortoesophageal fistula rupture during the course of chemotherapy following colon cancer resection. The patient was a 77-year-old woman. Following recurrence of cancer of the sigmoid colon, the patient received a course of XELOX plus bevacizumab(Bmab)to treat peritoneal dissemination and lung metastases. She was brought by ambulance to our hospital's emergency department 55 days after the last dose of Bmab, with a chief complaint of hematemesis. Hematolo- gy results showed severe anemia with a hemoglobin level of 4...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109395/hybrid-repair-of-ruptured-arch-aneurysm-without-sternotomy-through-an-unusual-extraanatomic-bypass
#2
Chung-Lin Tsai, Chih-Chun Yang, Takuya Fujikawa, Shih-Rong Hsieh
A 42-year-old man experienced a complex aortic arch aneurysm rupture. He had previously undergone an operation for type A dissection and had extremely poor cardiac performance as well as deep sternal infection after the first procedure. The conventional open repair was considered to be a high risk for this patient. We therefore performed an alternative hybrid aortic procedure. The supraarch vessels were perfused through an extraanatomic bypass from an unusual and remote route, namely, the abdominal aorta. Then, stent grafts were implanted in the previously replaced aortic prostheses to exclude the aortic aneurysm...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092979/endovascular-treatment-of-hiv-associated-spontaneous-common-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-case-of-miliary-and-cns-tuberculosis
#3
Rashmi Saraf, Amrita Narang, Mahesh Kardile, Prasad Udmale
HIV and tuberculosis infections are known to be associated with vasculopathy including occlusive disease and aneurysm formation. We report a case of 43-year-old male with miliary and central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis; recently, diagnosed as HIV seropositive, on antiretroviral and antitubercular treatment presenting with painful neck swelling. He was found to have common carotid artery (CCA) pseudoaneurysm that was managed by endovascular stent grafting. HIV vasculopathy-related CCA pseudoaneurysm is a potentially life-threatening rare entity...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078464/outcome-of-stent-grafting-for-esophageal-perforations-single-center-experience
#4
Fausto Biancari, Tuomas Tauriainen, Tatu Ylikotila, Misa Kokkonen, Jukka Rintala, Elisa Mäkäräinen-Uhlbäck, Vesa Koivukangas, Juha Saarnio
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that stent grafting is a promising technique for treatment of esophageal perforation. However, the evidence of its benefits is still scarce. METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients underwent stent grafting for esophageal perforation at the Oulu University Hospital, Finland. The main endpoints of this study were early and mid-term mortality. Secondary outcome endpoints were the need of esophagectomy and additional surgical procedures on the esophagus and extraesophageal structures...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051196/perioperative-occupational-exposure-to-coxiella-burnetii-infected-thoracic-endovascular-aneurysm-stent-graft
#5
Adebisi Idowu Obafemi, Jade Le
We conducted this study to determine the risk of transmission of Q fever to health care workers (HCWs) during perioperative exposure to Coxiella burnetii-infected thoracic endovascular aneurysm stent graft. Pre-operative and 6-week post-operative phase I and II IgG Q fever antibody titers were determined in 14 staff members of an operation room. The room had a negative pressure and all the members of the surgical team wore either a fitted N-95 mask or a powered purified air respirator. Phase I and II IgG antibody titers were <1:16 for 11 of the 14 studied HCWs; 2 HCWs did not follow up at 6 weeks and 1 had a pre-exposure phase II IgG titer of 1:128 with no change 6 weeks later...
January 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018510/spontaneous-evacuation-of-a-vascular-metallic-stent-through-a-graft-duodenal-fistula-with-concomitant-non-surgical-fistula-closure
#6
Shunya Shindo, Hidenori Inoue, Shinya Motohashi, Hirotomo Uchiyama, Junetsu Akasaka
We report a patient who developed ileus caused by vascular stent migration into the duodenum with periprosthetic retroperitoneal abscess. The patient previously underwent removal of an infected abdominal aortic aneurysm with concomitant axillobifemoral arterial reconstruction. An occlusion of the graft leg was treated by a unilateral aortoiliac bypass where endovascular surgery with a metallic stent was later needed. The abscess and ileus were vigorously drained. Following the spontaneous evacuation of the metallic stent via the digestive tract, the abscess was completely drained and fistula closure was achieved without surgical intervention...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004900/current-management-of-inguinal-false-aneurysms
#7
Kim Houlind, Jørn M Jepsen, Cristian Saicu, Sten Vammen, Johnny K Christensen, Hans Ravn
False aneurysms are formed as a result of bleeding causing a hematoma to compress the surrounding tissue. The majority of false aneurysms presenting to the vascular surgeon are caused by iatrogenic injury to an artery. Although anastomotic failure occurs, a much higher number is caused by bleeding from puncture sites after percutaeous intervention. Anticoagulative medication, low patelet counts and severely calcified vessels increase the risk of forming a false aneurysm. Experienced specialists may make the diagnosis from physical examination, but ultrasound imaging is almost always needed in order to decide for a treatment strategy...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965903/atypical-aortoesophageal-fistula-with-atypical-and-delayed-presentation-and-negative-imaging-studies
#8
Seifeldin Hakim, Mihajlo Gjeorgjievski, Lohit Garg, Molly Orosey, Tusar Desai
A 59-year-old man with past medical history of thoracic aortic aneurysm treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair presented with melena for 2 weeks. Initial EGD did not reveal the source of bleeding and showed normal esophagus; abdominal arteriogram did not reveal a fistulous communication and initial CTA showed normal position of the aortic graft stent without endoleak. The sixth EGD revealed a submucosal tumor-like projection in the upper esophagus and stigmata of recent bleeding. Another thoracic endovascular aortic repair with stent was placed over the old graft for presumed aortoesophageal fistula...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925869/endovascular-management-of-infected-iliofemoral-pseudoaneurysms-a-systematic-review
#9
Konstantinos G Moulakakis, Vangelis G Alexiou, George S Sfyroeras, John Kakisis, Andreas Lazaris, Spyridon N Vasdekis, Elias N Brountzos, George Geroulakos
We conducted a systematic review regarding the efficacy and outcome of endovascular treatment of infected iliofemoral arterial pseudoaneurysms with covered stents. 35 cases were identified, including 5 own. 22 pseudoaneurysms were located in the femoral area and 13 in the iliac vessels. The most commonly reported complaints were pulsatile groin mass (40 %), sepsis (37.1 %), active bleeding (31.4 %), and groin infection with purulent discharge (17.1 %). S. aureus (65.7 %) and Streptococcus species (22.9 %) were the most common microbes isolated...
December 7, 2016: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918318/alternative-treatment-for-residual-aortobronchial-fistula-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#10
Kosuke Ujihira, Yoshihiko Kurimoto, Ryushi Maruyama, Yutaka Iba, Naritomo Nishioka, Akira Yamada, Katsuhiko Nakanishi, Hiroaki Kato, Masaru Abe, Yoshiaki Narita, Masayuki Osawa
A patient with an aortobronchial fistula secondary to a thoracic endovascular aortic repair was successfully treated with a re-thoracic endovascular aortic repair with debranching technique. Five months postoperatively, the aneurysm had shrunk; however, computed tomography revealed air in the thrombo-excluded aortic aneurysmal sac without signs of infection. Because of worsening air finding at the eighth month, we performed a resection of the residual fistula and wrapped the stent graft in a pedicled muscle flap...
November 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909275/-pseudoaneurysm-formation-after-aortic-root-replacement-using-freestyle-porcine-bioprosthesis
#11
Tetsuro Uchida, Azumi Hamasaki, Atsushi Yamashita, Ken Nakamura, Jun Hayashi, Satoko Funata, Seigo Gomi, Mitsuaki Sadahiro
We report a case of pseudoaneurysm formation after implantation of Medtronic Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis with a full root technique. A 65-year-old man previously underwent aortic root replacement with a Freestyle bioprosthesis. Ten years after the initial operation, pseudoaneurysm of the aortic root with a diameter of 6 cm was observed by computed tomography. At the reoperation, there was no sign of infective endocarditis, and the pseudoaneurysm was found to originate from the ruptured left and noncoronary sinuses...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908808/emergency-hybrid-approach-to-ruptured-femoral-pseudoaneurysm-in-hiv-positive-intravenous-drug-abusers
#12
Maurizio Domanin, Giovanni Romagnoni, Silvia Romagnoli, Antonio Rolli, Livio Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: Chronic traumatism of the common femoral artery due to intravenous injection in drug abusers, in association with local infections and arterial wall weakening caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), can lead to the development of pseudoaneurysms (PSAs). Rupture of PSA is a dramatic event in such patients, and its correction is difficult and controversial. Most of the cases reported describe open surgical elective options, which consist in ligation, repair, or substitution of the damaged arterial segment, using when possible biological grafts...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819805/type-iiib-endoleak-associated-with-an-infected-thoracoabdominal-endograft
#13
Nathan T Orr, Michael A Winkler, Eleftherios S Xenos
We present a 63-year-old male patient who presented with vague abdominal pain after an endoluminal thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. He was found to have an infected endograft and an associated type IIIb endoleak. We believe that the infection contributed to the fabric degradation along the endograft and resulted in an expanding endoleak. Graft explantation was not performed because of the patient's multiple comorbidities, and the endoleak was treated with an additional stent graft and suppressive antibiotics...
September 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799273/nationwide-study-of-the-treatment-of-mycotic-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-comparing-open-and-endovascular-repair
#14
Karl Sörelius, Anders Wanhainen, Mia Furebring, Martin Björck, Peter Gillgren, Kevin Mani
BACKGROUND: No reliable comparative data exist between open repair (OR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysms (MAAAs). This nationwide study assessed outcomes after OR and EVAR for MAAA in a population-based cohort. METHODS: All patients treated for MAAAs in Sweden between 1994 and 2014 were identified in the Swedish vascular registry. The primary aim was to assess survival after MAAA with OR and EVAR. Secondary aims were analyses of the rate of recurrent infections and reoperations, and time trends in surgical treatment...
December 6, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793620/concomitant-parallel-endografting-and-fenestrated-experience-in-a-regional-aortic-center
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mathew Wooster, Adam Tanious, Shivangi Patel, Neil Moudgill, Martin Back, Murray Shames
BACKGROUND: Off-label parallel endografting (PE) has been increasingly criticized in favor of on-label custom fenestrated endografts. There remain limited direct comparisons, however, between concurrent patient populations treated by similarly experienced operators. Hence, we seek to evaluate the relative efficacy of the two techniques in treating complex aortic pathology. METHODS: All patients treated by PE or with Cook Zenith Fenestrated (Zfen) devices from January 2010 to June 2015 were reviewed, excluding those treated for rupture...
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777861/syphilitic-aortic-aneurysm-with-a-pulmonary-lesion-a-case-report-and-literature-view
#16
Wei Li, Xiu-Jun Yin, Hua-Ying Liu, Rong Yang
INTRODUCTION: Syphilitic aortic aneurysm (SAA) is caused by tertiary stage of syphilis infection. As the wide application of penicillin, this complication is becoming rarer than before. The SAA with lung cancer is a very rare disease in patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old male was admitted to the hospital complaining "progressive hoarseness for 3 months" and the patient has been diagnosed with syphilis after specific blood exams, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and 3dimensional (3D) reconstructions of cardiac vessels...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771318/diagnosis-of-aortic-graft-infection-a-case-definition-by-the-management-of-aortic-graft-infection-collaboration-magic
#17
O T A Lyons, M Baguneid, T D Barwick, R E Bell, N Foster, S Homer-Vanniasinkam, S Hopkins, A Hussain, K Katsanos, B Modarai, J A T Sandoe, S Thomas, N M Price
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The management of aortic graft infection (AGI) is highly complex and in the absence of a universally accepted case definition and evidence-based guidelines, clinical approaches and outcomes vary widely. The objective was to define precise criteria for diagnosing AGI. METHODS: A process of expert review and consensus, involving formal collaboration between vascular surgeons, infection specialists, and radiologists from several English National Health Service hospital Trusts with large vascular services (Management of Aortic Graft Infection Collaboration [MAGIC]), produced the definition...
December 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768661/direct-site-endovascular-repair-dser-a-novel-approach-to-vascular-trauma
#18
Anders J Davidson, Lucas P Neff, Joseph J DuBose, James B Sampson, Christopher M Abbot, Timothy K Williams
Peripheral vascular injuries carry significant risk for permanent functional impairment, limb loss, and death. Definitive correction of these injuries requires significant operative time and has traditionally been resource and skill set intensive. In the initial surgical treatment of the physiologically depleted trauma patient, faster techniques may prove more appropriate. Damage control techniques, including vascular shunting, rapidly restore distal flow but require additional vascular intervention and risk shunt thrombosis with prolonged use...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742283/acute-graft-pyelonephritis-occurring-up-to-30-days-after-kidney-transplantation-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-survival
#19
L V Kroth, F F Barreiro, D Saitovitch, M A Traesel, D O L d'Avila, C E Poli-de-Figueiredo
Acute graft pyelonephritis is a very common infection in renal transplantation. The impact of acute graft pyelonephritis (AGPN) on graft and patient outcome has not yet been established. Eight hundred seventy kidney and kidney-pancreas transplants were retrospectively studied, over last 13 years, to verify occurrence of AGPN in the first 30 days post-transplantation. We found that 112 patients (15.8%) presented post-transplantatiom AGPN up to 30 days after a kidney transplantation. The occurrence was higher in older patients (P = ...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738457/the-effect-of-steroid-therapy-on-postoperative-inflammatory-response-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#20
Kazuto Maruta, Atsushi Aoki, Tadashi Omoto, Hirofumi Iizuka, Hiroyuki Kawaura
Objectives: Unexpected systemic inflammatory response with high fever and increase in C-reactive protein (CRP) occurred frequently after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). This excessive inflammatory response affects the postoperative course. We evaluated the effects of steroid on the postoperative inflammatory response after EVAR. Methods: Steroid therapy, intravenous infusion of methylprednisolone 1000 mg just after the anesthesia induction, was started since December 2012. After induction of the steroid therapy, 25 patients underwent EVAR with steroid therapy (Group S)...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
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