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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214933/findings-from-american-indian-needs-assessments
#1
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Lisa Harjo, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Salmon Kaur, Vickie Marsh, Dewey Painter
Because of decreased access and dismal survival rates, strategies need to be developed to increase cancer awareness and facilitate cancer prevention, early detection, and screening activities within American Indian (AI) populations. The purpose of this study was to develop a locally tailored needs assessment to collect cancer prevention, control, and risk factor information and knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavior (hereafter referred to as "needs assessment") data from 500 community members living in 3 geographically diverse settings: the Southeastern USA, the Rocky Mountain region, and the Northern Plains...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214912/-the-active-offering-of-measles-rubella-and-mumps-vaccine-in-new-mothers-the-experience-of-health-facilities-in-one-of-the-local-health-unit-of-rome-lazio-italy
#2
Viviana Santoro, Valentina Pettinicchio, Andreina Lancia, Cristiana Vazzoler, Francesca De Luca, Elisabetta Franco
Rubella is a contagious disease that can be very serious, especially in unvaccinated pregnant women. The best way to be protected is getting vaccinated: MMR vaccine is very effective at protecting people against measles, mumps, and rubella, and preventing the complications caused by these diseases. According to PASSI 2012-2015 (the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) in the territory of ex ASL Roma C only 56% of women between 18 and 49 years were immunized against rubella, thanks to vaccination (34%) or past infection detected by rubeotest (22%); 2% was susceptible and 42% of respondents did not know their immune status against rubella...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213933/evaluation-of-vegetation-size-and-its-relationship-with-septic-pulmonary-embolism-in-tricuspid-valve-infective-endocarditis-a-real-time-3dtee-study
#3
Hiroto Utsunomiya, Javier Berdejo, Sayuki Kobayashi, Hirotsugu Mihara, Yuji Itabashi, Takahiro Shiota
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve infective endocarditis (TVIE) causes septic pulmonary embolism (PE). However, the impact of vegetation size on PE is not fully elucidated. METHODS: In 26 consecutive patients with definite TVIE according to Duke criteria, we tested clinical, microbiological, and echocardiographic data including real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) as potential predictors of PE. 3DTEE measurement of maximum length of vegetation (MLV) was obtained with Advanced QLAB Quantification Software by cropping the 3D volume with the appropriate 2D plane to obtain the largest value...
February 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213789/a-novel-prognostic-scoring-system-based-on-preoperative-sarcopenia-predicts-the-long-term-outcome-for-patients-after-r0-resection-for-gastric-cancer-experiences-of-a-high-volume-center
#4
Zhi-Fang Zheng, Jun Lu, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Mi Lin, Chang-Ming Huang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between sarcopenia and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. This study aimed to develop a prognostic scoring system combining sarcopenia with preoperative clinical parameters for patients with GC to predict 3-year overall survival (OS) and 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS). METHODS: In this study, 924 patients with GC who underwent radical gastrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. The data were divided into a training set and a validation set...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213008/the-prognostic-impact-of-tumor-volume-on-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Xiao-Dong Su, Hao-Jun Xie, Qian-Wen Liu, Yun-Xian Mo, Hao Long, Tie-Hua Rong
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of tumor volume (TV) on patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after complete resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological characteristics of 274 patients with stage I NSCLC who had received preoperative chest computed tomography (CT) scans and complete resection. TV was semi-automatically measured from chest CT scans by using an imaging software program...
February 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212661/partial-versus-early-full-weight-bearing-after-uncemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#6
Peng Tian, Zhi-Jun Li, Gui-Jun Xu, Xiao-Lei Sun, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of partial weight bearing (PWB) versus early full weight bearing (FWB) after uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: We conducted a search in PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs comparing PWB and early FWB after uncemented THA. Two authors conducted the selection of studies, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias independently...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209209/perceived-quality-of-life-among-visceral-leishmaniasis-and-hiv-coinfected-migrant-male-workers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin, Abebaw Gebayehu
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on quality of life as a dimension of treatment outcome among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected patients. This study sought to explore perceived quality of life among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected male migrant workers in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Twenty Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected study participants took part in the in-depth interviews at Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV treatment centers. Ten participants were on antiretroviral treatment (ART) and the remaining 10 have not yet started ART...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209099/does-calcium-score-in-great-pelvic-vessels-predict-colorectal-anastomotic-leakage-a-prospective-study-of-one-hundred-anastomoses
#8
M T Norooz, H Moradi, M Safdarian, F Jahangiri, H A Amoli
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most severe surgical complications following surgery. This prospective study was designed to investigate an association between the calcification in the descending aorta and its major branches using a calcium-scoring software and colorectal anastomotic leakage. METHODS: From January 2012 to March 2013, one hundred patients underwent surgeries involving colorectal anastomosis procedures. Calcium score in descending aorta and great pelvic vessels was measured using the Syngo-CT 2006G-W software...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208902/study-of-aortic-valve-sclerosis-as-a-marker-of-atherosclerosis-in-acute-coronary-syndromes
#9
Preeti Jane Picardo, Peter Daniel S Khariong, Ranendra Hajong, Debobratta Hajong, Narang Naku, Madhur Anand, Girish Sharma, K Lenish Singh
INTRODUCTION: Aortic valve sclerosis has been shown to be associated with increased incidence, chances of developing myocardial infarction and even death. The epidemiological risk factors causing calcification of aortic valves have also been found to cause atherosclerosis. AIM: To analyse the epidemiological risk factors causing aortic valve sclerosis which have been studied in details and analysed to see whether they cause any significant increase in the incidence of cardiovascular events...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208170/optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography-in-type-2-diabetes-and-diabetic-retinopathy
#10
Daniel Shu Wei Ting, Gavin Siew Wei Tan, Rupesh Agrawal, Yasuo Yanagi, Nicole Ming Sie, Chee Wai Wong, Ian Yew San Yeo, Shu Yen Lee, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Tien Yin Wong
Importance: Optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-A) is able to visualize retinal microvasculature without the need for injection of fluorescein contrast dye. Nevertheless, it is only able to capture a limited view of macula and does not show leakage. Objectives: To evaluate the retinal microvasculature using OCT-A in patients with type 2 diabetes as well as the association of OCT-A characteristics with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and systemic risk factors...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205333/longitudinal-study-of-clinical-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-predict-study
#11
Paul Bird, Dave Nicholls, Rina Barrett, Julien de Jager, Hedley Griffiths, Lynden Roberts, Kathleen Tymms, Philip McCloud, Geoffrey Littlejohn
AIM: To assess the association between baseline clinical prognostic factors and subsequent Disease Activity Score of 28 joints (DAS28) remission in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data were collected using point of care clinical software from participating rheumatology centres. Patients aged 18 years or over whose date of clinical onset of RA was within the previous 12-24 months, who had at least 6 months of follow-up data and a DAS28-ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) score recorded between 12 and 24 months from first being seen for RA were included...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205307/segmentation-of-organs-at-risks-in-head-and-neck-ct-images-using-convolutional-neural-networks
#12
Bulat Ibragimov, Lei Xing
PURPOSE: Accurate segmentation of organs-at-risks (OARs) is the key step for efficient planning of radiation therapy for head and neck (HaN) cancer treatment. In the work, we proposed the first deep learning-based algorithm, for segmentation of OARs in HaN CT images, and compared its performance against state-of-the-art automated segmentation algorithms, commercial software, and interobserver variability. METHODS: Convolutional neural networks (CNNs)-a concept from the field of deep learning-were used to study consistent intensity patterns of OARs from training CT images and to segment the OAR in a previously unseen test CT image...
February 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205206/apples-and-oranges-four-definitions-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-and-their-relationship-to-30-day-hospital-readmission
#13
Melissa Dattalo, Eva DuGoff, Katie Ronk, Korey Kennelty, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Amy J Kind
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of agreement between four commonly used definitions of multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) and compare each definition's ability to predict 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Medicare claims data. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of Medicare beneficiaries discharged from the hospital from 2005 to 2009 (n = 710,609). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline chronic conditions were determined for each participant using four definitions of MCC...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199970/three-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-tnfaip3-gene-increase-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Nan Shen, Yuan Ruan, Yajun Lu, Xuefeng Jiang, Huiqing Sun, Gongming Gao, Luming Nong, Kewei Ren
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic destructive inflammation in synovial joints. To date, many studies explored the associations between tumor necrosis factor alpha inducible protein 3 (TNFAIP3) gene rs6920220, rs2230926, and rs5029937 polymorphisms and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but with contradictory results. We therefore conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to address the associations. We searched in the databases of PubMed and Embase. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by the Stata 11...
February 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199409/effect-of-chinese-patent-medicine-si-mo-tang-oral-liquid-for-functional-dyspepsia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Yunxia Hu, Yu Bai, Zhiyun Hua, Jie Yang, Huahui Yang, Wenjun Chen, Junwei Xu, Zhiqiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Si-Mo-Tang oral liquid (SMT) has been widely used to treat functional dyspepsia (FD), but the effectiveness is still controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were performed to assess the efficacy and adverse effects of SMT for FD. METHODS: Investigators searched for articles with publication dates to June 21, 2016, from 9 English and Chinese electronic databases. Comparisons were SMT alone or SMT in combination with western medicine as experimental intervention, and western medicine or placebo as the control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198442/a-novel-augmented-reality-system-for-displaying-inferior-alveolar-nerve-bundles-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#16
Ming Zhu, Fei Liu, Gang Chai, Jun J Pan, Taoran Jiang, Li Lin, Yu Xin, Yan Zhang, Qingfeng Li
Augmented reality systems can combine virtual images with a real environment to ensure accurate surgery with lower risk. This study aimed to develop a novel registration and tracking technique to establish a navigation system based on augmented reality for maxillofacial surgery. Specifically, a virtual image is reconstructed from CT data using 3D software. The real environment is tracked by the augmented reality (AR) software. The novel registration strategy that we created uses an occlusal splint compounded with a fiducial marker (OSM) to establish a relationship between the virtual image and the real object...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197901/safety-and-efficacy-of-brodalumab-for-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Attia Attia, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Hussien Ahmed, Mohamed Gadelkarim, Ahmed Elgebaly, Zeinab Hassan, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Ahmed Negida
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease that affects 2-3% of the worldwide population. The interleukin-17 cytokine family has been proven to play a central role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Brodalumab is a novel biologic agent that targets interleukin-17 molecules and their receptors. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of brodalumab as a therapeutic agent for moderate-to-severe psoriasis in a meta-analysis framework. METHODS: A computer literature search of PubMed, OVID, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, EBSCO, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted using relevant keywords...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196198/en-face-doppler-optical-coherence-tomography-measurement-of-total-retinal-blood-flow-in-diabetic-retinopathy-and-diabetic-macular-edema
#18
ByungKun Lee, Eduardo A Novais, Nadia K Waheed, Mehreen Adhi, Talisa E de Carlo, Emily D Cole, Eric M Moult, WooJhon Choi, Mark Lane, Caroline R Baumal, Jay S Duker, James G Fujimoto
Importance: Alterations in ocular blood flow play an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). However, the measurement of retinal blood flow in clinical studies has been challenging. En face Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides an effective method for measuring total retinal blood flow (TRBF) in the clinic. Objective: To investigate TRBF in eyes with DR of varying severity, with or without diabetic macular edema (DME), using en face Doppler OCT...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193278/qianggu-capsule-for-the-treatment-of-primary-osteoporosis-evidence-from-a-chinese-patent-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Xu Wei, Aili Xu, Hao Shen, Yanming Xie
BACKGROUND: Qianggu Capsule, a Chinese patent medicine, has been widely applied in the clinical practice of primary osteoporosis (POP) in recent years. This study aims to summarize the effectiveness and safety of Qianggu Capsule in treating POP. METHODS: We searched seven electronic databases, all searches ended in 30 September, 2015. All randomised controlled trials comparing the efficacy of Qianggu Capsule treatment with no treatment, placebo or conventional therapy for POP were included...
February 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192538/pattern-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-intake-and-fish-consumption-and-retinal-vascular-caliber-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cohort-study
#20
Bamini Gopinath, Hanieh Moshtaghian, Victoria M Flood, Jimmy C Y Louie, Gerald Liew, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell
We aimed to investigate whether fish and long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCn-3 PUFA) consumption changed appreciably during adolescence. We also assessed whether these dietary variables are associated with retinal microvascular signs (possible markers of future cardiovascular disease risk). 633 children had dietary data at ages 12 and 17. Fish and LCn-3 PUFA [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
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