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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783231/allergenic-weed-pollen-forecast-under-the-mathematical-modeling-method-implementation-in-ukraine
#1
Irina I Motruk, Michael Yu Antomonov, Victoria V Rodinkova, Olena E Aleksandrova, Oleh V Yermishev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Allergies are the most common reason of the chronic diseases in developed countries and represent an important medical, social and economic issue, the relevance of which is growing both in these countries and in Ukraine. The most famous of these allergens group is the pollen of ambrosia and pollen of poaceae, which are ubiquitously distributed in the subtropical and temperate climate. The aim: The objective of our study was to develop the mathematical models, which will be able to indicate the probability of the pollen circulation, and thus these models can simplify the forecast of symptoms risk and improve the prophylaxis of pollinosis...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783069/association-between-the-rs1143634-polymorphism-in-interleukin-1b-and-chronic-periodontitis-results-from-a-meta-analysis-composed-by-54-case-control-studies
#2
REVIEW
Felipe Rodolfo Pereira da Silva, Any Carolina Cardoso Guimarães Vasconcelos, Luiz Felipe de Carvalho França, David Di Lenardo, Hélio Mateus Silva Nascimento, Daniel Fernando Pereira Vasconcelos
Several factors are involved in the periodontitis with host response through cytokines and as well as with influence of polymorphisms in cytokine genes, however the results remained contradictory. This study aimed at evaluating the rs1143634 polymorphism in interleukin-1B gene, a cytokine gene, and the risk of chronic periodontitis with conducting a meta-analysis focusing in ethnicity. A review in literature was performed in several databases to studies published before June 2017. Data extraction was performed by two calibrated investigators and the calculations of the meta-analysis were obtained through Review Manager version 5...
May 18, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782517/importance-of-software-version-for-measurement-of-arterial-stiffness-arteriograph-as-an-example
#3
Margareta Ring, Maria J Eriksson, Gunnar Nyberg, Kenneth Caidahl
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend the measurement of arterial stiffness in terms of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) as an important cardio-vascular risk marker. Both aortic PWV and the aortic augmentation index (AIxao) can be measured using different techniques, e.g., the Arteriograph and SphygmoCor. A new version of the software for the Arteriograph (v. 3.0.0.1, TensioMed, Budapest, Hungary; Arteriograph II) is now available. We wanted to determine whether this improved software differs from the previous version (Arteriograph v...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781872/nat2-ultra-slow-acetylator-and-risk-of-anti-tuberculosis-drug-induced-liver-injury-a-genotype-based-meta-analysis
#4
Supharat Suvichapanich, Koya Fukunaga, Hilyatuz Zahroh, Taisei Mushiroda, Surakameth Mahasirimongkol, Licht Toyo-Oka, Usa Chaikledkaew, Jiraphun Jittikoon, Rika Yuliwulandari, Hideki Yanai, Sukanya Wattanapokayakit, Katsushi Tokunaga
BACKGROUND: NAT2 slow acetylator is a confirmed risk of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATDILI). However, NAT2 ultra-slow acetylators, a new refinement among NAT2 slow acetylators, have been recently proposed. The patients with NAT2 genotypes of *6A/*6A, *6A/*7B and *7B/*7B are referred to in this group. OBJECTIVE: We aim to prove an association of the NAT2 ultra-slow acetylators with the risk of ATDILI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed based on each NAT2 genotype and risk of ATDILI cases and also new classification of the ultra-slow acetylators up to 31 October 2016...
May 17, 2018: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781737/genetic-association-study-between-the-col11a1-and-col18a1-genes-and-high-myopia-in-a-han-chinese-population
#5
Haiyan Wu, Lingxi Jiang, Rui Zheng, Dongyan Luo, Xiaoqi Liu, Fang Hao, Zhilin Jiang, Bo Gong, Zhenglin Yang, Yi Shi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between high myopia (HM) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in collagen, type XI, alpha 1 (COL11A1) and collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1 (COL18A1) genes in a Han Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 869 patients with HM and 804 controls were recruited for this study. The genotyping of five SNPs in COL11A1 and COL18A1 was performed using the SNaPshot method. The genotyping data were analyzed using the χ2 test, and the linkage disequilibrium block structure was calculated and examined by Haploview software...
May 21, 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780742/caries-risk-assessment-of-12-13-year-old-government-and-private-school-going-children-of-mysore-city-using-cariogram-a-comparative-study
#6
Sandhya P Naik, Shabna Moyin, Bhakti Patel, Lata Prabhu Warad, Sameer Punathil, C B Sudeep
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the caries risk assessment of 12-13-year-old government and private school going children of Mysore city using Cariogram. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional examination was carried out on a total of 104 government and private schoolchildren aged 12-13 years. Ten factors from the Cariogram software(D Bratthall, Computer software, Malmo, Sweden) were included from study participant's records to complete the Cariogram. The percentage of "chances of avoiding new lesions" (caries risk) among government and private school study participants were obtained from Cariogram, and the participants were classified into five risk groups...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779812/evaluation-of-nutritional-care-of-hospitalized-children-in-a-tertiary-pediatric-hospital
#7
Caroline De Longueville, Martine Robert, Marjorie Debande, Sylviane Podlubnai, Sophie Defourny, Sid-Ali Namane, Aude Pace, Camille Brans, Elodie Cayrol, Philippe Goyens, Corinne De Laet
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hospitalized children are at risk of malnutrition. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a clinical practice in a tertiary hospital. The nutritional team developed a specific software for screening of malnutrition and risk of malnutrition (Evalnut) that provides also recommendations for the nutritional management of the patient. The data recorded into this program and the tool itself were analyzed and optimizations are highlighted. METHODS: A retrospective study analyzed the data collected in 2015 during 4931 consecutive hospitalizations (3984 children) at the University Children's Hospital Queen Fabiola...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779309/-the-survival-prediction-model-of-advanced-gallbladder-cancer-based-on-bayesian-network-a-multi-institutional-study
#8
Z H Tang, Z M Geng, C Chen, S B Si, Z Q Cai, T Q Song, P Gong, L Jiang, Y H Qiu, Y He, W L Zhai, S P Li, Y C Zhang, Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the clinical value of Bayesian network in predicting survival of patients with advanced gallbladder cancer(GBC)who underwent curative intent surgery. Methods: The clinical data of patients with advanced GBC who underwent curative intent surgery in 9 institutions from January 2010 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.A median survival time model based on a tree augmented naïve Bayes algorithm was established by Bayesia Lab software.The survival time, number of metastatic lymph nodes(NMLN), T stage, pathological grade, margin, jaundice, liver invasion, age, sex and tumor morphology were included in this model...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778641/subregional-volumes-of-the-hippocampus-in-relation-to-cognitive-function-and-risk-of-dementia
#9
Tavia E Evans, Hieab H H Adams, Silvan Licher, Frank J Wolters, Aad van der Lugt, M Kamran Ikram, Michael J O'Sullivan, Meike W Vernooij, M Arfan Ikram
BACKGROUND: Total hippocampal volume has been consistently linked to cognitive function and dementia. Yet, given its complex and parcellated internal structure, the role of subregions of the hippocampus in cognition and risk of dementia remains relatively underexplored. We studied subregions of the hippocampus in a large population-based cohort to further understand their role in cognitive impairment and dementia risk. METHODS: We studied 5035 dementia- and stroke-free persons from the Rotterdam Study, aged over 45 years...
May 17, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777062/brock-malignancy-risk-calculator-for-pulmonary-nodules-validation-outside-a-lung-cancer-screening-population
#10
Kaman Chung, Onno M Mets, Paul K Gerke, Colin Jacobs, Annemarie M den Harder, Ernst T Scholten, Mathias Prokop, Pim A de Jong, Bram van Ginneken, Cornelia M Schaefer-Prokop
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Brock malignancy risk model for pulmonary nodules detected in routine clinical setting. METHODS: In two academic centres in the Netherlands, we established a list of patients aged ≥40 years who received a chest CT scan between 2004 and 2012, resulting in 16 850 and 23 454 eligible subjects. Subsequent diagnosis of lung cancer until the end of 2014 was established through linking with the National Cancer Registry...
May 18, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776807/public-health-surveillance-of-multidrug-resistant-clones-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-europe-a-genomic-survey
#11
Simon R Harris, Michelle J Cole, Gianfranco Spiteri, Leonor Sánchez-Busó, Daniel Golparian, Susanne Jacobsson, Richard Goater, Khalil Abudahab, Corin A Yeats, Beatrice Bercot, Maria José Borrego, Brendan Crowley, Paola Stefanelli, Francesco Tripodo, Raquel Abad, David M Aanensen, Magnus Unemo
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods for molecular epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae are suboptimal. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) offers ideal resolution to describe population dynamics and to predict and infer transmission of antimicrobial resistance, and can enhance infection control through linkage with epidemiological data. We used WGS, in conjunction with linked epidemiological and phenotypic data, to describe the gonococcal population in 20 European countries. We aimed to detail changes in phenotypic antimicrobial resistance levels (and the reasons for these changes) and strain distribution (with a focus on antimicrobial resistance strains in risk groups), and to predict antimicrobial resistance from WGS data...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775725/anti-hepatitis-c-virus-activity-and-synergistic-effect-of-nymphaea-alba-extracts-and-bioactive-constituents-in-liver-infected-cells
#12
Sidra Rehman, Usman Ali Ashfaq, Bushra Ijaz, Sheikh Riazuddin
BACKGROUND: Without an effective vaccine, hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a global threat, inflicting 170-300 million carriers worldwide at risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Though various direct acting antivirals have been redeemed the hepatitis C treatment, a few restraints persist including possible side effects, viral resistance emergence, excessive cost which restricts its availability to a common person. HYPOTHESIS: There is no preventive HCV vaccine available today so the discovery of potent antiviral natural flora and their bioactive constituents may help to develop preventive cures against HCV infection...
May 15, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775003/-extracapsular-dissection-versus-superficial-parotidectomy-for-treatment-of-parotid-benign-tumors-evidence-based-medicine-analysis
#13
Z Y Jia, X Y Zhang, C B Jiang, Y Z Zhao, R Zhang, X H Fan, Y H Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study is to systematically assess the clinical outcomes of extracapsular dissection (ECD) and superficial parotidectomy (SP), and to provide evidences for the clinical decision for treatment of parotid gland benign tumors. Method: Relevant studies that compared the outcomes of extracapsular dissection and superficial parotidectomy for the parotid benign tumors were searched in Pubmed, CNKI and Wangfang data databases, and Meta-analysis was performed using software RevMan 5.0. Result: Fifteen studies were selected for the Meta-analysis...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773245/validation-of-an-open-source-tool-for-measuring-carotid-lumen-diameter-and-intima-media-thickness
#14
Hugo Luis Manterola, Lucas Lo Vercio, Alejandro Díaz, Mariana Del Fresno, Ignacio Larrabide
In low- and middle-income regions, a relatively large number of deaths occur from cardiovascular disease or stroke. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid lumen diameter (cLD) are strong indicators of cardiovascular event risk and stenosis severity, respectively. The interactive open-source software described here, Cimtool, is based on active contours for measuring these indicators in clinical practice and thus helping in preventive diagnosis and treatment. Cimtool was validated using carotid phantoms and real images obtained using ultrasound...
May 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773211/treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-reduces-risk-of-recurrent-atrial-fibrillation-after-catheter-ablation-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Feilong Deng, Ali Raza, Jun Guo
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that there is a strong relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF). However, they have not identified whether treating OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) might reduce rates of recurrent AF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the recurrent risk of AF after catheter ablation among patients with OSA who did receive or did nor receive CPAP therapy. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wan-fang databases was conducted to obtain relevant cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773108/-adiponectin-inhibits-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-colorectal-cancer-hct116-cells
#16
Manling Huang, Zhitao Chen, Dan Xu, Heng Zhang, Shengbin Sun, Jie Wu
Objective To investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin level and risk of colorectal cancer, and to explore the effect of recombinant adiponectin on the proliferation and apoptosis of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells. Methods Serum adiponectin levels in patients with colorectal cancer and healthy controls were dectected by ELISA. With the level of adiponectin as a risk factor, ROC curve was acquired using SPSS software. HCT116 cells were treated with recombinant adiponectin (2.5, 5, 10, 20 μg/mL)...
March 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772893/quantifying-human-environment-interactions-using-videography-in-the-context-of-infectious-disease-transmission
#17
Timothy R Julian, Carla Bustos, Laura H Kwong, Alejandro D Badilla, Julia Lee, Heather N Bischel, Robert A Canales
Quantitative data on human-environment interactions are needed to fully understand infectious disease transmission processes and conduct accurate risk assessments. Interaction events occur during an individual's movement through, and contact with, the environment, and can be quantified using diverse methodologies. Methods that utilize videography, coupled with specialized software, can provide a permanent record of events, collect detailed interactions in high resolution, be reviewed for accuracy, capture events difficult to observe in real-time, and gather multiple concurrent phenomena...
May 8, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772883/development-of-the-first-georeferenced-map-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-spp-in-mexico-from-1970-to-date-and-prediction-of-its-spatial-distribution
#18
Yazmin Alcala-Canto, Juan Antonio Figueroa-Castillo, Froylán Ibarra-Velarde, Yolanda Vera-Montenegro, María Eugenia Cervantes-Valencia, Abdelfattah Z M Salem, Jorge Alfredo Cuéllar-Ordaz
The tick genus Ripicephalus (Boophilus), particularly R. microplus, is one of the most important ectoparasites that affects livestock health and considered an epidemiological risk because it causes significant economic losses due, mainly, to restrictions in the export of infested animals to several countries. Its spatial distribution has been tied to environmental factors, mainly warm temperatures and high relative humidity. In this work, we integrated a dataset consisting of 5843 records of Rhipicephalus spp...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772471/erm-for-health-care-organizations-an-economic-enterprise-risk-management-innovation-program-e-2-rm-health-care
#19
Ana Paula Beck da Silva Etges, Veronique Grenon, Joana Siqueira de Souza, Francisco José Kliemann Neto, Elaine Aparecida Felix
BACKGROUND: In recent years, health care organizations have looked to enterprise risk management (ERM) for novel systems to obtain more accurate data on which to base risk strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study proposes a conceptual ERM framework specifically designed for health care organizations. METHODS: We explore how hospitals in the United States and Brazil are structuring and implementing ERM processes within their management structure. This study incorporates interviews with 15 chief risk officers (8 from the United States and 7 from Brazil) with qualitative data analysis using NVivo (QSR International software)...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770946/using-google-earth-to-assess-shade-for-sun-protection-in-urban-recreation-spaces-methods-and-results
#20
R Gage, N Wilson, L Signal, M Barr, C Mackay, A Reeder, G Thomson
Shade in public spaces can lower the risk of and sun burning and skin cancer. However, existing methods of auditing shade require travel between sites, and sunny weather conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of free computer software-Google Earth-for assessing shade in urban open spaces. A shade projection method was developed that uses Google Earth street view and aerial images to estimate shade at solar noon on the summer solstice, irrespective of the date of image capture. Three researchers used the method to separately estimate shade cover over pre-defined activity areas in a sample of 45 New Zealand urban open spaces, including 24 playgrounds, 12 beaches and 9 outdoor pools...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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