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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916879/a-score-combining-baseline-neutrophilia-and-primary-tumor-suvpeak-measured-from-fdg-pet-is-associated-with-outcome-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#1
Antoine Schernberg, Sylvain Reuze, Fanny Orlhac, Irène Buvat, Laurent Dercle, Roger Sun, Elaine Limkin, Alexandre Escande, Christine Haie-Meder, Eric Deutsch, Cyrus Chargari, Charlotte Robert
PURPOSE: We investigated whether a score combining baseline neutrophilia and a PET biomarker could predict outcome in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). METHODS: Patients homogeneously treated with definitive chemoradiation plus image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) between 2006 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. We divided patients into two groups depending on the PET device used: a training set (TS) and a validation set (VS). Primary tumors were semi-automatically delineated on PET images, and 11 radiomics features were calculated (LIFEx software)...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916782/predicting-clinical-outcomes-from-large-scale-cancer-genomic-profiles-with-deep-survival-models
#2
Safoora Yousefi, Fatemeh Amrollahi, Mohamed Amgad, Chengliang Dong, Joshua E Lewis, Congzheng Song, David A Gutman, Sameer H Halani, Jose Enrique Velazquez Vega, Daniel J Brat, Lee A D Cooper
Translating the vast data generated by genomic platforms into accurate predictions of clinical outcomes is a fundamental challenge in genomic medicine. Many prediction methods face limitations in learning from the high-dimensional profiles generated by these platforms, and rely on experts to hand-select a small number of features for training prediction models. In this paper, we demonstrate how deep learning and Bayesian optimization methods that have been remarkably successful in general high-dimensional prediction tasks can be adapted to the problem of predicting cancer outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916174/evaluation-of-beat-to-beat-ventricular-repolarization-lability-from-standard-12-lead-ecg-during-acute-myocardial-ischemia
#3
Salah S Al-Zaiti, Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton Callaway, David Mortara, Jan Nemec
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial ischemia is a common cause of ventricular arrhythmias, yet recent ECG methods predicting susceptibility to ventricular tachyarrhythmia have not been fully evaluated during spontaneous ischemia. We sought to evaluate the clinical utility of alternans and non-alternans components of repolarization variability from the standard 10-second 12-lead ECG signals to risk stratify patients with acute chest pain. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive, non-traumatic, chest pain patients transported through Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to three tertiary care hospitals with cardiac catheterization lab capabilities in Pittsburgh, PA...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915802/determinants-of-pre-eclampsia-eclampsia-among-women-attending-delivery-services-in-selected-public-hospitals-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#4
Teklit Grum, Abiy Seifu, Mebrahtu Abay, Teklit Angesom, Lidiya Tsegay
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific hypertensive disorder usually occurs after 20 weeks of gestation. It is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Ethiopia, the major direct obstetric complications including pre-eclampsia/eclampsia account for 85% of the maternal deaths. Unlike deaths due to other direct causes, pre-eclampsia/ eclampsia related deaths appear to be increasing and linked to multiple factors, making prevention of the disease a continuous challenge...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914224/rapid-risk-assessment-report-for-schistosomiasis-epidemic-in-jianli-county-caused-by-the-sunk-oriental-star-cruise-ship
#5
Ziling Ni, Xiaodong Tan, Bei Liu, Zhaoyu Ying, Xudong Gao, Fen Yang
BACKGROUND: At 9:28 pm on June 1, 2015, the cruise ship "Oriental Star" sank into Yangtze River in Jianli County, with 422 people killed. When the accident occurred, the Chinese government took immediate action and dispatched more than 9000 rescuers. The risk for outbreak of schistosomiasis was increased because of the shipwreck. Obviously it is critical to carry out risk assessment as soon as possible. METHODS: By means of the Delphi method, the situation was analyzed so that the government could fathom the severity of the accident...
September 15, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913972/significance-of-histone-methyltransferase-setdb1-expression-in-colon-adenocarcinoma
#6
Yi-Jung Ho, Yueh-Min Lin, Yen-Chi Huang, Jungshan Chang, Kun-Tu Yeh, Liang-In Lin, Zhiyuan Gong, Tsai-Yu Tzeng, Jeng-Wei Lu
This study investigated the clinical implications of SETDB1 (also known as KMT1E) in human colon adenocarcinoma. Expression levels of SETDB1 proteins were analyzed by immunohistochemistry staining, and tissue microarrays were used to examine expression profiles in human patients. Our results revealed that SETDB1 protein expression was significantly higher in tumor tissue than in normal tissue for the breast, colon, liver, and lung (p < 0.05). Moreover, an analysis with SurvExpress software suggested that elevated expression of SETDB1 mRNA was significantly associated with the overall survival of colon adenocarcinoma patients (p < 0...
September 15, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913756/spatial-analysis-and-health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-concentration-in-drinking-water-resources
#7
Reza Ali Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mohammad Miri, Mohamad Mehdi Dashti
The heavy metals available in drinking water can be considered as a threat to human health. Oncogenic risk of such metals is proven in several studies. Present study aimed to investigate concentration of the heavy metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in 39 water supply wells and 5 water reservoirs within the cities Ardakan, Meibod, Abarkouh, Bafgh, and Bahabad. The spatial distribution of the concentration was carried out by the software ArcGIS. Such simulations as non-carcinogenic hazard and lifetime cancer risk were conducted for lead and nickel using Monte Carlo technique...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911334/slow-release-praziquantel-for-dogs-presentation-of-a-new-formulation-for-echinococcosis-control
#8
Bin Jiang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Hao-Bing Zhang, Yi Tao, Le-Le Huo, Ni Liu
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a serious, zoonotic, parasitic disease with worldwide distribution. According to a epidemiological survey in 2012 in China, there are 20,000 infected patients and more than 50 million people at the risk. As the dog is the main, definitive host, the Government of China encourages monthly praziquantel treatment of every dog. However, this is difficult to achieve in geographically challenging areas, such as the Tibetan plateau, where there are also many dogs without owners...
September 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910934/-analysis-on-epidemiology-and-spatial-temporal-clustering-of-human-brucellosis-in-fujian-province-2011-2016
#9
H S Zhu, L L Wang, D H Lin, R T Hong, J M Ou, W Chen, B P Wu, W L Huang, Z H Xie, G M Chen, S G Wu, Z B Xu, Y Q Deng
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and spatial distribution of human brucellosis in Fujian province during 2011-2016, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of the disease. Methods: The surveillance data of human brucellosis in Fujian during 2011-2016 was analyzed with software R 3.3.1, ArcGIS 10.3.1, GeoDa 1.8.8 and SaTScan 9.4.3. Results: During 2011-2016, a total of 319 human brucellosis cases were reported, the incidence increased year by year (F=11.838, P=0.026) with the annual incidence of 0...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910913/-effect-of-transcutaneous-oximetry-on-prognosis-of-patients-with-severe-acute-respiratory-failure-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#10
L Dong, X H Zhang, F M Liang, T Yang, J Yan, Z Yan, L Li
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of transcutaneous oximetry in patients with severe acute respiratory failure receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO). Methods: Forty-nine patients diagnosed as severe acute respiratory failure receiving Venous-Venous(V-V)ECMO were enrolled from January 2013 to December 2015 in intensive care unit(ICU) of Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University.The 10-min oxygen challenge test was performed using transcutaneous oximetry 6 h after the initiation of ECMO, and the 10-min oxygen challenge test value(OCT(10)) and oxygen challenge index(OCI) were calculated...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910205/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-sex-hormone-deficiency-and-soft-drusen
#11
Han Jo Kwon, Seung Min Lee, Kang Yeun Pak, Sung Who Park, Ji Eun Lee, Ik Soo Byon
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between sex hormone deficiency and soft drusen in women and men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and fundus photographs of subjects who underwent a health screening for additional examination of climacterium and age-related changes including sex hormone status. In women, sex hormone deficiency was defined as cessation of menstruation that had lasted for at least 12 months and follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) levels ≥ 25 mIU/mL; in men, it was defined as testosterone levels ≤ 3...
September 14, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906413/differences-in-clinical-features-observed-between-childhood-onset-versus-adult-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Alka Kumari, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects people in childhood (childhood onset) or in adulthood (adult onset). Observational studies that have previously compared childhood-onset versus adult-onset SLE were often restricted to 1 ethnic group, or to a particular area, with a small sample size of patients. We aimed to systematically compare childhood-onset versus adult-onset SLE through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for relevant publications comparing childhood-onset with adult-onset SLE...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906382/the-efficacy-of-gabapentin-in-reducing-pain-intensity-and-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-meta-analysis
#13
Lifeng Wang, Yucai Dong, Jiling Zhang, Hongwu Tan
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether gabapentin is effective in reducing acute pain following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The purpose of the current meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in reducing pain intensity and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of gabapentin in reducing pain intensity and PONV after laparoscopic cholecystectomy were searched on the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Google database, the Chinese Wanfang database, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905042/social-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-suffering-from-peripheral-vascular-disease-treated-surgically-compared-to-patients-treated-with-endovascular-angioplasty
#14
Renata Piotrkowska, Marek Dobosz, Janina Książek, Grzegorz Halena
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of chronic lower limb ischaemia. Many factors that have a crucial influence on the development of the disease, its course and prognosis have been identified. The risk factors seem to be subject to interventions due to their susceptibility to changes. It is important to increase the engagement of doctors and nurses performing the screening oriented on risk factors, medical consultation regarding giving up smoking, changing the diet and undertaking physical activity...
2017: Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904817/ihc-based-subcellular-quantification-provides-new-insights-into-prognostic-relevance-of-flip-and-procaspase-8-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Ryan A Hutchinson, Helen G Coleman, Kathy Gately, Vincent Young, Siobhan Nicholson, Robert Cummins, Elaine Kay, Sean O Hynes, Philip D Dunne, Seedevi Senevirathne, Peter W Hamilton, Darragh G McArt, Daniel B Longley
In this study, we developed an image analysis algorithm for quantification of two potential apoptotic biomarkers in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): FLIP and procaspase-8. Immunohistochemical expression of FLIP and procaspase-8 in 184 NSCLC tumors were assessed. Individual patient cores were segmented and classified as tumor and stroma using the Definiens Tissue Studio. Subsequently, chromogenic expression of each biomarker was measured separately in the nucleus and cytoplasm and reported as a quantitative histological score...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904463/relationship-between-factor-v-leiden-gene-variant-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-a-case-control-study
#16
Amit Kumar, Shubham Misra, Ram Sagar, Pradeep Kumar, Arun K Yadav, Pumanshi Talwar, Ritesh Raj, Kameshwar Prasad
BACKGROUND: Factor V Leiden is the most common genetic variation among the blood coagulation pathway which leads to prothrombotic state, therefore, is considered an important gene for understating the stroke mechanism. AIM: The aim of the present study is to determine the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism at G1691A position of Factor V gene and risk of ischemic stroke (IS) in North Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective case-control study, 250 patients with IS and 250 age- and gender-matched controls were enrolled in the period of October 2012 to September 2014 from in- and out-patient department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#17
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903442/association-between-coronary-heart-disease-and-erectile-dysfunction-in-chinese-han-population
#18
Guo-Xiang Tian, Sheng Li, Tong-Zu Liu, Xian-Tao Zeng, Wan-Lin Wei, Xing-Huan Wang
To investigate the association between coronary heart disease (CHD) and erectile dysfunction (ED) in Chinese Han population. Patients who went to the andrological out-patient clinic of our hospital between August 1, 2015 and May 1, 2016 and met all eligible criteria were enrolled in this study. The patients diagnosed as ED using self-administered International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire were considered as case group and others were considered as control. The cases were categorized as mild, moderate, and severe ED...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902922/molecular-clustering-of-patients-with-diabetes-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Francles Blanco-Guillot, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, Norma Mongua-Rodríguez, Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Leticia Ferreyra-Reyes, Elizabeth Ferreira-Guerrero, Mercedes Yanes-Lane, Rogelio Montero-Campos, Miriam Bobadilla-Del-Valle, Pedro Torres-González, Alfredo Ponce-de-León, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Lourdes Garcia-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have explored the relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) demonstrating increased risk of TB among patients with DM and poor prognosis of patients suffering from the association of DM/TB. Owing to a paucity of studies addressing this question, it remains unclear whether patients with DM and TB are more likely than TB patients without DM to be grouped into molecular clusters defined according to the genotype of the infecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902578/associations-between-the-hla-a-b-drb1-polymorphisms-and-aplastic-anemia-evidence-from-17-case-control-studies
#20
Xiao-Zhen Deng, Meng Du, Jiao Peng, Jian-Xiong Long, Cheng-Jun Zheng, Yuan Tan, Li-Juan Li, Hui-Ying Chen, Cao Qing, Yan-Yan Pang, Yan Lan, Hai-Tian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the associations between HLA-A/B/DRB1 polymorphisms and aplastic anemia (AA), we carried out the meta-analysis. METHODS: In this meta-analysis, all publications in English and Chinese were considered up to 30 September 2015. The electronic databases we searched were Pubmed, Science Direct, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP. We conducted all statistical data analyses in the Stata11.0 software. RESULTS: A total of 17 studies including 9164 subjects (containing 1372 cases and 7792 controls) were retrieved, which studied the relationship between HLA-A/B/DRB1 and AA...
September 13, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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