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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904629/effect-of-various-kinds-of-beverages-on-stress-oxidative-f2-isoprostane-serum-lipid-and-blood-glucose-of-elite-taekwondo-players
#1
Zahra Maghsoudi, Ashfin Shiranian, Gholamreza Askai, Reza Ghaisvand
BACKGROUND: Athletes' recovery is important in improving their performance. Nutritional strategies can be effective in enhancing recovery rate. Choosing the best food items in appropriate intervals can play effective roles in resynthesis of fuels and recovery of muscle injury. Beverage micro and macronutrient content are helpful in fuel restoration. In this study, we assess the effects of various kinds of beverages on oxidative stress, muscle injury, and metabolic risk factors in taekwondo players...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904619/modeling-of-in-hospital-mortality-determinants-in-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-and-without-stroke-a-national-study-in-iran
#2
Ali Ahmadi, Arsalan Khaledifar, Koorosh Etemad
BACKGROUND: The data and determinants of mortality due to stroke in myocardial infarction (MI) patients are unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate the differences in risk factors for hospital mortality among MI patients with and without stroke history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective, cohort study; 20,750 new patients with MI from April, 2012 to March, 2013 were followed up and their data were analyzed according to having or not having the stroke history...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904558/relationships-of-mmp-9-and-timp-1-proteins-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Yangxue Li, Yang Lu, Zhuo Zhao, Junnan Wang, Jianxin Li, Weiming Wang, Shumei Li, Lei Song
BACKGROUND: We performed this meta-analysis in order to collect all the relevant studies to clarify the correlations of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a literature search in electronic databases, pertinent case-control studies investigating the correlations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 protein expressions within a COPD setting were enrolled based on our strict inclusion and exclusion criteria...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904515/interaction-between-c-reactive-protein-and-cognitive-functions-according-to-apoe-gene-polymorphism-in-post-menopausal-women
#4
Iwona Bojar, Mariusz Gujski, Jarosław Pinkas, Dorota Raczkiewicz, Alfred Owoc, Ewa Humeniuk
INTRODUCTION: A potential factor increasing the risk of the development of cognitive impairment with age is apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 carrier status. A subsequent factor which may increase the risk of development of cognitive impairment at an older age is the concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP). The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between cognitive functions and the concentration of CRP in post-menopausal women who were carriers of particular apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) polymorphisms...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904452/virtual-modelling-of-novel-applicator-prototypes-for-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy
#5
Primoz Petric, Robert Hudej, Noora Al-Hammadi, Barbara Segedin
BACKGROUND: Standard applicators for cervical cancer Brachytherapy (BT) do not always achieve acceptable balance between target volume and normal tissue irradiation. We aimed to develop an innovative method of Target-volume Density Mapping (TDM) for modelling of novel applicator prototypes with optimal coverage characteristics. Patients and methods. Development of Contour-Analysis Tool 2 (CAT-2) software for TDM generation was the core priority of our task group. Main requests regarding software functionalities were formulated and guided the coding process...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903485/endovascular-repair-of-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-high-surgical-risk-patients-fenestrated-and-branched-endografts
#6
E Gallitto, M Gargiulo, A Freyrie, C Bianchini Massoni, R Pini, C Mascoli, G L Faggioli, S Ancetti, A Stella
AIM: To report early and mid-term results of endovascular repair of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms (TAAA) by using of Cook-Zenith fenestrated/branched endografts (FB-EVAR) in high-surgical risk patients unfit for open repair (OR). METHODS: Between January 2012 and April 2015, all the patients with TAAA, considered at high-surgical risk for OR and treated by Cook-Zenith FB-EVAR, were prospectively enrolled. Patients were studied using a thoraco-abdominal computer tomography angiography (CTA) and dedicated software for advanced vessels analysis...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903257/what-do-antenatal-care-providers-understand-and-do-about-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#7
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence to support the lack of awareness among pregnant women about health consequences and long term risks associated with poor oral hygiene during pregnancy. A recognised and important point of influence is their interaction with health professionals, particularly when receiving Antenatal Care. However, there is limited evidence about the perceptions of ANC providers in Australia toward the provision of perinatal oral healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Antenatal Care (ANC) providers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia providing perinatal oral healthcare and to identify barriers to and predictors of their practices in this area...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903240/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-children-s-university-hospital-a-prospective-study
#8
Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Alessandra Benni, Sabrina Becciani, Klaus Peter Biermann, Salvatore De Masi, Elena Chiappini, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli
BACKGROUND: The central-line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are the most common healthcare-associated infections in childhood. Despite the international data available on healthcare-associated infections in selected groups of patients, there is a lack of large and good quality studies. The present survey is the first prospective study monitoring for 6 months the occurrence of central-line associated bloodstream infections in all departments of an Italian tertiary care children's university hospital...
December 1, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903188/the-role-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-tractography-for-gamma-knife-thalamotomy-planning
#9
João Gabriel Ribeiro Gomes, Alessandra Augusta Gorgulho, Amanda de Oliveira López, Crystian Wilian Chagas Saraiva, Lucas Petri Damiani, Anderson Martins Pássaro, João Victor Salvajoli, Ludmila de Oliveira Siqueira, Bernardo Peres Salvajoli, Antônio Afonso Ferreira De Salles
OBJECTIVE The role of tractography in Gamma Knife thalamotomy (GK-T) planning is still unclear. Pyramidal tractography might reduce the risk of radiation injury to the pyramidal tract and reduce motor complications. METHODS In this study, the ventralis intermedius nucleus (VIM) targets of 20 patients were bilaterally defined using Iplannet Stereotaxy Software, according to the anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC-PC) line and considering the localization of the pyramidal tract. The 40 targets and tractography were transferred as objects to the GammaPlan Treatment Planning System (GP-TPS)...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903187/stereotactic-diffusion-tensor-imaging-tractography-for-gamma-knife-radiosurgery
#10
Cormac G Gavin, H Ian Sabin
OBJECTIVE The integration of modern neuroimaging into treatment planning has increased the therapeutic potential and safety of stereotactic radiosurgery. The authors report their method of integrating stereotactic diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography into conventional treatment planning for Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS). The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of this technique and to address some of the technical limitations of previously reported techniques. METHODS Twenty patients who underwent GKRS composed the study cohort...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903067/predicting-the-spatial-distribution-of-biomphalaria-straminea-a-potential-intermediate-host-for-schistosoma-mansoni-in-china
#11
Mohamed R Habib, Yun-Hai Guo, Shan Lv, Wen-Biao Gu, Xiao-Heng Li, Xiao-Nong Zhou
Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases impacting human health in the tropics and sub-tropics. The geographic distribution of Schistosoma mansoni, the most widespread species, includes areas in Africa, the Middle East, South America and the Caribbean. Snails of the genus Biomphalaria act as intermediate host for S. mansoni. Biomphalaria straminea is not indigenous in China but was accidentally introduced to Hong Kong from South America and has spread to other habitats in the southern parts of the country...
November 29, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902487/identification-of-laryngeal-cancer-prognostic-biomarkers-using-an-inflammatory-gene-related-competitive-endogenous-rna-network
#12
Qun He, Linli Tian, Hao Jiang, Jiarui Zhang, Qiang Li, Yanan Sun, Jiannan Zhao, Huijun Li, Ming Liu
Competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) act as molecular sponges for microRNAs (miRNAs), and are associated with tumorigenesis in various cancers, including laryngeal cancer (LC). In this work, we constructed an LC-specific inflammatory gene-related ceRNA network (IceNet). In IceNet, ceRNAs targeting inflammation-related genes tended to be network hubs. Additionally, the betweenness centralities of these hub ceRNAs were higher than those of the inflammation-related genes themselves, indicating that the hub ceRNAs in this study played critical roles in communication between IceNet molecules...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901213/the-rs11191580-variant-of-the-nt5c2-gene-is-associated-with-schizophrenia-and-symptom-severity-in-a-south-chinese-han-population-evidence-from-gwas
#13
Zhen Li, Juan Jiang, Jianxiong Long, Weijun Ling, Guifeng Huang, Xiaojing Guo, Li Su
Objective: Recent genome-wide association studies have identified a significant relationship between the NT5C2 variant rs11191580 and schizophrenia (SCZ) in European populations. This study aimed to validate the association of rs11191580 polymorphism with SCZ risk in a South Chinese Han population. The relationship of this polymorphism with the severity of SCZ clinical symptoms was also explored. Methods: A case-control study was performed in 462 patients with SCZ and 598 healthy controls...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900743/-the-relationship-between-coping-behaviors-and-symptom-distress-in-elderly-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-initial-chemotherapy
#14
Shih-Ping Wu, Ya-Chuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Elderly cancer patients undergoing initial chemotherapy often suffer discomfort from medication-related symptom distress. This discomfort may affect treatment responses and outcomes negatively. PURPOSE: This correlational, cross-sectional design study used a purposive sample of 100 patients who were both over 60 years of age and currently undergoing initial chemotherapy. The participants completed a structured questionnaire that was administered at a medical center in southern Taiwan...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900714/is-there-asymmetry-between-the-concave-and-convex-pedicles-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-ct-investigation
#15
Colin M Davis, Caroline A Grant, Mark J Pearcy, Geoffrey N Askin, Robert D Labrom, Maree T Izatt, Clayton J Adam, J Paige Little
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine characterized by deformities in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes. Spinal fusion using pedicle screw instrumentation is a widely used method for surgical correction in severe (coronal deformity, Cobb angle > 45°) adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Understanding the anatomic difference in the pedicles of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is essential to reduce the risk of neurovascular or visceral injury through pedicle screw misplacement...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900553/efficacy-and-safety-of-tranexamic-acid-in-reducing-blood-loss-in-scoliosis-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Qiu-Ming Yuan, Zhi-Hu Zhao, Bao-Shan Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs was to gather data to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) versus placebo after a scoliosis surgery. METHODS: The electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, CENTRAL (Cochrane Controlled Trials Register), Web of Science, and Google database were searched to identify relevant studies published from the time of the establishment of these databases up to May 2016...
November 29, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899121/meta-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-of-sfts-patients-in-china
#17
Miao-Miao Liu, Xiao-Ying Lei, Xue-Jie Yu
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia, which is caused by a novel bunyavirus-SFTSV. Many studies have reported the clinical characters of SFTS patients, but the reports were not consistent and a systematic summary of clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters are not available. METHOD: A comprehensive literature research of Web of Science, PubMed, Wan Fang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was conducted on articles which have described the clinical characters of SFTS patients...
November 29, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899103/time-to-event-versus-ten-year-absolute-risk-in-cardiovascular-risk-prevention-does-it-make-a-difference-results-from-the-optimizing-risk-communication-optrisk-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Charles Christian Adarkwah, Nikita Jegan, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Felicitas Kühne, Uwe Siebert, Uwe Popert, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Sarah Kürwitz
BACKGROUND: The concept of shared-decision-making is a well-established approach to increase the participation of patients in medical decisions. Using lifetime risk or time-to-event (TTE) formats has been increasingly suggested as they might have advantages, e.g. in younger patients, to better show consequences of unhealthy behaviour. In this study, the most-popular ten-year risk illustration in the decision-aid-software arriba(TM) (emoticons), is compared within a randomised trial to a new-developed TTE illustration, which is based on a Markov model...
November 29, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898991/nipple-and-areola-sparing-mastectomy-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Bruna S Mota, Rachel Riera, Marcos Desidério Ricci, Jessica Barrett, Tiago B de Castria, Álvaro N Atallah, Jose Luiz B Bevilacqua
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and areola-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer are still questionable. It is estimated that the local recurrence rates following nipple-sparing mastectomy are very similar to breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and areola-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer in women...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898745/-internet-based-opportunities-in-breast-cancer-diagnostics-and-research
#20
Ádám Nagy, Balázs Gyõrffy
A new generation of internet-based diagnostic and research tools have arrived in the last decade. The most extensive group of these includes programs predicting the expected survival mainly by utilizing clinical data of the patient. This includes Adjuvant! Online, the MSKCC and MD Anderson nomograms and the UK-based PREDICT algorithm. A common feature of all these is the comparison of the given patient to previously treated breast cancer samples, and evaluating the clinical outcome of these previous patients...
November 29, 2016: Magyar Onkologia
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