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Review articles

Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Kousuke Kanemoto, Oh-Young Kwon, Go Taniguchi, Zhou Dong, Yotin Chinvarun, Hsiang-Yu Yu, Aileen McGonigal, Andres Miguel Kanner, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to investigate the prevalence of depression in people with epilepsy (PWE) in different countries in Asia. METHODS: We searched the electronic database PubMed on June 13, 2017 for articles in English that included the following search terms: "epilepsy" AND "depression" AND "country name" for all Asian countries since 1947. Relevant original studies from Asia were included if they reported the prevalence of depression in PWE...
March 12, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Henry L Nguyen, George F Bonadurer, Megha M Tollefson
Importance: Patients with vascular malformations (VAMs) and vascular overgrowth syndromes have lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) attributable to social stigmatization, poor mental health, severity, and pain. However, the factors that contribute to this decreased HRQoL are not clear. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that used validated HRQoL instruments to compare the HRQoL of persons with VAMs with the US general population...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Cibele Monteiro Macedo, Paula Orchiucci Miura, Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos, Gisele Almeida Lopes, Emiko Yoshikawa Egry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze in the scientific literature coping strategies for domestic violence against pregnant female adolescents. METHOD: This is an integrative literature review, conducted from July to August 2017 on LILACS, SciELO and PubMed, using the descriptors and the MeSH terms: confrontation, violence, adolescent, pregnant women, prenatal care. RESULT: The sample comprised 9 articles that were organized and characterized according to year, country of study and coping strategy used...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Paula Hino, Jaqueline de Oliveira Santos, Anderson da Silva Rosa
OBJECTIVE: To know the Brazilian scientific production of the last ten years (2007 to 2016) about people who experience street situations under the health gaze. METHOD: Integrative literature review using the descriptors: street people, health policy and public health. We analyzed 21 articles available in the Virtual Health Library. RESULTS: Four categories of analysis emerged. There was an increase in the frequency of published work on the subject, showing that the experience of living on the street makes people vulnerable to various diseases and health problems and, in addition, increases the difficulties of access to health services...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Claudio Tinoco Mesquita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Gabriella Maria Pitt Gameiro Sales, Izabel Crystine Pereira Barbosa, Laura Maia Sampaio Canejo Neta, Paloma Lopes de Melo, Raphael de Azevedo Leitão, Hugo Moura de Albuquerque Melo
INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya (CHIK) is a tropical arbovirus, transmitted by the female mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In Brazil, there have been cases reported since 2014. The initial manifestations of this virus are sudden onset high fever, headache, chills, rashes, myalgia and intense joint pain. Usually, CHIK presents the acute and chronic phases, the latter characterized by bilateral polyarthralgia, which can last for months or even years. During this period, autoimmune diseases can be triggered, making the picture even more complicated...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Aisha Aguiar Morais, Urjel Aguiar Bouissou Morais, Maria Marta Sarquis Soares, Márcia Christina Caetano Romano, Joel Alves Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyze articles on the relation between neck circumference (NC) in adolescents and: body mass index, fat distribution, metabolic syndrome and its individual components, and cardiovascular risk. METHOD: Systematic review undertaken by two independent researchers using the Pubmed/Medline, Lilacs/Medline, Scielo and Cochrane databases in English, Spanish and Portuguese in the period comprising the past 5 years. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) articles were selected...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Rafael Alves Cordeiro, Leonardo Santos Hoff, Marcos Vinícius Fernandes Garcia, Hilton Muniz Leão Filho, Eduardo Ferreira Borba
Peliosis hepatis is a rare benign disorder characterized by the presence of multiple cavities filled with blood with no preferential localization in the liver parenchyma. It may be related to several etiologic conditions, especially infections and toxicity of immunosuppressive drugs. To our knowledge, there are only three articles reporting the association between peliosis hepatis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In this report, we describe a case of this rare condition, highlighting the importance of magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.6061/clinics/2017(05)10].
March 15, 2018: Clinics
Riccardo Moia, Fary Diop, Chiara Favini, Ahad Ahmed Kodipad, Gianluca Gaidano
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a highly heterogeneous disease. Deregulation of apoptosis is a major pathogenetic feature, and represents a therapeutic target. TP53 disrupted patients are categorized as high risk patients and are treated with novel target therapies. Among these new drugs, venetoclax, an orally bioavailable BCL2 inhibitor, has shown high efficacy also in relapsed/refractory CLL with TP53 disruption. Venetoclax has also been tested in combination with other drugs without compromising venetoclax dose and with a good safety profile...
March 21, 2018: Expert Review of Hematology
Karen-Leigh Edward, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Tracey J Weiland, Jennie Hutton, Sarah Reel
This study aimed to systematically review evidence to assess the efficacy of non-pharmacological brief interventions in the emergency department to reduce the incidence, severity and impact of acute behavioural disturbances. The literature search was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. A total of 18 articles were identified as meeting the inclusion criteria and read in full. Following a full read and a consensus discussion, it was subsequently considered the studies chosen had not met the inclusion criteria...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Jackie Stephen Haynes
This article introduces the important issue of assessing and managing malodour. A literature review was undertaken and implications for practice identified in relation to CliniSorb. This paper presents an up-to-date 10-patient, single-site non-comparative clinical evaluation of CliniSorb using both quantitative and qualitative evidence from patients and clinicians. The data presented in this paper is used to discuss the embarrassing issue of malodour and highlights the importance for the clinician to consider this when planning patient care...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Muhammad Imran Din, Aneela Rani
The green fabrication of nanoparticles (NPs) by using plants as reducing and capping agents involves energy efficient, less toxic, safer and simpler pathways. These pathways have been related to the rational use of numerous substances in fabrication of NPs and synthetic strategies, which have been mainly discussed in this article. The subject matter of this review is to discuss how a chemist can follow the green chemistry principles in terms of selection of substances and protocols used for NPs fabrication...
March 21, 2018: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Wei An, Aisaiti Ainiwaer, Patiguli Wusiman, Gulibusitan Ali, Adili Moming
PURPOSE: The study proposed to determine the superiority between different fixation methods in the mandibular angle fractures (MAFs) and to evaluate best option for surgeon and patient. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, examining Medline-Ovid, Embase, and Pubmed databases. The quality of studies was assessed, and the odds risk (OR) with its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) was assessed to measure the effect size...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Edward H Liu, Zainab Najarali, Forough Farrokhyar, Laura Banfield, Mark McRae
Posttraumatic enophthalmos due to isolated or complex orbital fractures can contribute to diplopia. Current evidence recommends early repair. However, little is known about the outcome of enophthalmos correction when repair occurs beyond 30 days after trauma. In this systematic review, the authors aim to evaluate the current evidence on functional outcomes after delayed repair of posttraumatic enophthalmos.Two independent assessors undertook a systematic review of the literature using multiple databases. The authors' inclusion criteria identified studies involving patients at least 14 years of age who had surgical correction of persistent enophthalmos 30 days after initial trauma...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Zhao-Fei Zhang, He Huang, Shuai Chen, Dong-Hua Liu, Yong-Hui Feng, Chun-Liang Xie, Feng Jiao
BACKGROUND: High-viscosity cement (HVC) has been gradually applied in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Although HVC has been reported to reduce cement leakage, different opinions exist. To assess the complications of HVC in cement leakage in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures and to evaluate the clinical effect of HVC compared with low-viscosity cement (LVC). METHODS: EMBASE, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched from their inception to August 2017...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zipei Cao, Lijuan Wei, Weizhi Zhu, Xuping Yao
BACKGROUND: Reduction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A) (p16 and p14) expression through DNA methylation has been reported in prostate cancer (PCa). This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the difference of p16 and p14 methylation between PCa and different histological types of nonmalignant controls and the correlation of p16 or p14 methylation with clinicopathological features of PCa. METHODS: According to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement criteria, articles were searched in PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Wanfang, and CNKI databases...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wei Wang, Dong Xing, Yingjian Song, Feiyu Liu
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is one of the worst malignant digestive neoplasms with poor treatment outcomes. Definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has become the standard nonsurgical treatment option for locally advanced esophageal cancer. The chemotherapeutic drugs 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin have been most commonly used in CRT of esophageal cancer. However, radiotherapy combined with 5-FU/cisplatin often delivers severe toxicity to patients. S-1 as an oral chemotherapeutic drug exhibits higher anti-tumor activity, less adverse effects, and better biological availability...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Susanna Esposito, Manuel E Soto-Martinez, Wojciech Feleszko, Marcus H Jones, Kun-Ling Shen, Urs B Schaad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the mechanistic and clinical evidence for the use of nonspecific immunomodulators in paediatric respiratory tract infection (RTI) and wheezing/asthma prophylaxis. RECENT FINDINGS: Nonspecific immunomodulators have a long history of empirical use for the prevention of RTIs in vulnerable populations, such as children. The past decade has seen an increase in both the number and quality of studies providing mechanistic and clinical evidence for the prophylactic potential of nonspecific immunomodulators against both respiratory infections and wheezing/asthma in the paediatric population...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Jasmeet Soar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The optimal antiarrhythmic drug therapy (amiodarone or lidocaine) in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VF/pVT) cardiac arrest that is refractory to defibrillation is uncertain. This article reviews the evidence for and against these drugs, alternatives treatments for refractory VF/pVT and aims to define the role of antiarrhythmic drugs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). RECENT FINDINGS: A large randomized controlled trial that compared amiodarone, lidocaine and saline 0...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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