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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913983/mobile-health-technology-can-objectively-capture-physical-activity-pa-targets-among-african-american-women-within-resource-limited-communities-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#1
S Thomas, L Yingling, J Adu-Brimpong, V Mitchell, C R Ayers, G R Wallen, M Peters-Lawrence, A T Brooks, D M Sampson, K L Wiley, J Saygbe, J Henry, A Johnson, A Graham, L Graham, T M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about using mobile health (mHealth) technology to improve cardiovascular (CV) health among African-American women in resource-limited communities. METHODS: We conducted the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment in predominantly African-American churches in city wards 5, 7, and 8 with the lowest socioeconomic status based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. The assessment measured CV health factors: body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and cholesterol, blood pressure, fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913606/acute-administration-of-acyl-but-not-desacyl-ghrelin-decreases-blood-pressure-in-healthy-humans
#2
Cecilia J Zhang, Martin Bidlingmaier, Mekibib Altaye, Laura C Page, David D'Alessio, Matthias H Tschöp, Jenny Tong
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of acyl ghrelin (AG) and desacyl ghrelin (DAG) on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and other autonomic parameters in healthy humans and to elucidate the hormonal mechanisms through which AG could exert its cardiovascular effects. DESIGN: Seventeen healthy participants underwent frequent monitoring of systolic (sBP) and diastolic blood pressure (dBP), HR, respiratory rate (RR) and body surface temperature (Temp) during continuous infusion of AG, DAG, combined AG + DAG or saline control before and during an IV glucose tolerance test on 4 separate days...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912248/mean-arterial-blood-pressure-management-of-acute-spinal-cord-injured-patients-during-the-pre-hospital-and-early-admission-period
#3
Jin Wee Tee, Farhaan Altaf, Lise M Belanger, Tamir Ailon, John Street, Scott J Paquette, Michael C Boyd, Charles G Fisher, Marcel F Dvorak, Brian K Kwon
The optimization and maintenance of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and the general avoidance of systemic hypotension for the first 5 to 7 days following acute traumatic SCI is considered to be important for minimizing secondary spinal cord ischemic damage. The characterization of hemodynamic parameters in the immediate post-injury stage prior to admission to a specialized spine unit has not been previously reported. Here we describe the blood pressure management of 40 acute tSCI patients in the early post-injury phases of care prior to their arrival in a specialized spinal injury high dependency unit (HDU), intensive care unit (ICU) or operating room (OR)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912206/irisin-lowers-blood-pressure-by-improvement-of-endothelial-dysfunction-via-ampk-akt-enos-no-pathway-in-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-rat
#4
Jinjuan Fu, Yu Han, Jialiang Wang, Yukai Liu, Shuo Zheng, Lin Zhou, Pedro A Jose, Chunyu Zeng
BACKGROUND: Exercise is a major nonpharmacological treatment for hypertension, but its underlying mechanisms are still not completely elucidated. Irisin, a polypeptide containing 112 amino acids, which is secreted mainly by skeletal muscle cells during exercise, exerts a protective role in metabolic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus and obesity. Because of the close relationship between irisin and metabolic diseases, we hypothesized that irisin may play a role in the regulation of blood pressure...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909839/biventricular-support-using-a-centrifugal-pump-in-a-6%C3%A2-year-old-with-fulminant-myocarditis
#5
Hiromu Kehara, Tamaki Takano, Takamitsu Terasaki, Kenji Okada
We experienced a case of ventricular assist with both a pulsatile-flow and a continuous-flow pump in a pediatric patient, and herein report the clinical course and characteristics of the pumps. A 6-year-old female was diagnosed with fulminant myocarditis and transferred to our hospital for mechanical support. After 12 days of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, we implanted a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and a right ventricular assist device (RVAD) using centrifugal Gyro pumps with a membrane oxygenator in a paracorporeal fashion...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909604/effects-of-head-position-on-cerebral-oxygenation-and-blood-flow-velocity-during-thyroidectomy
#6
Ayten Saraçoğlu, Demet Altun, Ayşen Yavru, Nihat Aksakal, İsmail Cem Sormaz, Emre Camcı
OBJECTIVE: Determining the blood flow through intra and extra-cranial arteries during neck extension may be helpful but is a controversial issue. We aimed to elucidate the changes in cerebral blood flow related to head positioning during thyroid surgery by carotid Doppler examination and regional oxygen saturation variations. METHODS: Thirty patients were recruited to the study. Patients were positioned with a final position of thyroidectomy consisting a 30° semi Fowler with the extension of neck and head...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908548/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intakes-data-from-urban-and-rural-areas
#7
Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Thierry Chianea, François Dalmay, André Bigot, Victor Aboyans, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pascal Bovet, Jean-Claude Desport
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. METHODS: We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907960/multimodality-monitoring-illuminating-the-comatose-human-brain
#8
Charles L Francoeur, Margaret Pain, Stephan A Mayer
The field of neurocritical care has evolved tremendously in recent years, a development explained vastly by the advent of neurophysiological monitoring. From basic intracranial pressure measurements to brain tissue oxygenation, microdialysis, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and surface and intracortical electroencephalography (EEG), our ability to detect and control physiologic endpoints of brain function in comatose patients has grown substantially. The integration of these data gave birth to the concept of multimodality monitoring (MMM)...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907956/intensive-care-management-of-the-endovascular-stroke-patient
#9
Julian Bösel
Acute ischemic stroke caused by the occlusion of large brain vessels can be treated effectively by mechanical thrombectomy, as proved by recent strong and consistent evidence from high-quality randomized trials. This new era of endovascular stroke treatment, however, poses particular challenges that go far beyond the so far gold standard of intravenous thrombolysis alone. Because these stroke patients usually present with severe neurologic deficits, may be unstable from cardiac or pulmonary instability, have to endure an invasive intervention of sometimes long duration, may suffer complications and require close postinterventional follow-up, they often demand intensive care measures...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907158/effects-of-exposure-to-blast-overpressure-on-intracranial-pressure-and-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-in-a-rat-model
#10
Usmah Kawoos, Ming Gu, Jason Lankasky, Richard M McCarron, Mikulas Chavko
Exposure to blast overpressure (BOP) activates a cascade of pathological processes including changes in intracranial pressure (ICP) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability resulting in traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study the effect of single and multiple exposures at two intensities of BOP on changes in ICP and BBB permeability in Sprague-Dawley rats was evaluated. Animals were exposed to a single or three repetitive (separated by 0.5 h) BOPs at 72 kPa or 110 kPa. ICP was monitored continuously via telemetry for 6 days after exposure to BOP...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906836/visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability-is-a-risk-factor-for-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jianqi Wang, Xubo Shi, Changsheng Ma, Hua Zheng, Jie Xiao, Hong Bian, Zhimin Ma, Ling Gong
OBJECTIVE: Clinical cohort studies have reported that visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or mortality. However, the results were not consistent in all studies. The current study is, therefore, aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the association between VVV of BP and CVD and all-cause mortality. METHOD: PubMed and EMBASE were searched through 18 May 2014, using the following terms: VVV, BP, CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), myocardial ischemia, stroke, and mortality...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906426/continuous-monitoring-of-intracranial-pressure-for-prediction-of-postoperative-complications-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#12
S-X Yu, Q-S Zhang, Y Yin, Z Liu, J-M Wu, M-X Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the value of continuous dynamic monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage to predict early postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 80 patients treated in our hospital from February 2014 to February 2015 were analyzed. The patients all underwent decompressive craniectomies, and their ICP changes were monitored invasively and continuously for 1 to 7 days after surgery...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906359/monitoring-blood-vital-bio-signs-using-secondary-speckle-patterns
#13
Talia Sirkis, Yevgeny Beiderman, Sergey Agdarov, Yafim Beiderman, Zeev Zalevsky
Continuous noninvasive measurement of vital bio-signs, such as cardiopulmonary parameters, is an important tool in the evaluation process of the patient's physiological condition and in the health monitoring of the patient. On the demand of new enabling technologies, some works have been done in continuous monitoring of blood pressure and pulse wave velocity. In this paper, we introduce further application of a novel technique for remote noncontact blood pulse wave velocity and pressure measurement based on tracking the temporal changes of reflected secondary speckle patterns produced in human skin when illuminated by a laser beam...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906358/monitoring-blood-vital-bio-signs-using-secondary-speckle-patterns
#14
Talia Sirkis, Yevgeny Beiderman, Sergey Agdarov, Yafim Beiderman, Zeev Zalevsky
Continuous noninvasive measurement of vital bio-signs, such as cardiopulmonary parameters, is an important tool in the evaluation process of the patient's physiological condition and in the health monitoring of the patient. On the demand of new enabling technologies, some works have been done in continuous monitoring of blood pressure and pulse wave velocity. In this paper, we introduce further application of a novel technique for remote noncontact blood pulse wave velocity and pressure measurement based on tracking the temporal changes of reflected secondary speckle patterns produced in human skin when illuminated by a laser beam...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904155/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertension-on-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-japanese-patients
#15
Hiromitsu Sekizuka, Naohiko Osada, Yoshihiro J Akashi
The incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality rates are high among patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported to increase left ventricular mass (LVM) and cause LVH. The prevalence of hypertension, a major cause of increased LVM, is high in OSA; however, it is still unknown whether OSA is an independent factor that increases LVM in addition to triggering LVH. This study investigated out-of-office blood pressure (BP) via ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) in patients with OSA diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG) and sought to determine the effects of OSA and hypertension on LVM...
December 1, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904104/the-effects-of-unilateral-nephrectomy-on-blood-pressure-and-its-circadian-rhythm
#16
Naro Ohashi, Shinsuke Isobe, Sayaka Ishigaki, Takahisa Suzuki, Daisuke Motoyama, Takayuki Sugiyama, Masao Nagata, Akihiko Kato, Seiichiro Ozono, Hideo Yasuda
Objective Hypertension and diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation are widely accepted as risk factors for renal damage. However, the effects of unilateral nephrectomy on BP and its circadian rhythm have not yet been clarified in patients with a compromised renal function, including dialysis patients. Methods We investigated 22 unilateral nephrectomized patients (16 men and 6 women, age: 64.5±14.3 years). The function of the circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) (plasma renin activity and plasma angiotensin II) and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were evaluated before and after nephrectomy...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903339/-effect-of-goal-directed-haemodynamic-management-on-the-postoperative-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-fragile-cardiac-function-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#17
L S Zheng, E W Gu, X H Peng, L Zhang, Y Y Cao
Objective: To investigate the effect of goal-directed haemodynamic management based on stroke volume variation (SVV), cardiac index (CI) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) on the postoperative outcome in elderly patients with fragile cardiac function undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: Ninety patients with fragile cardiac function, aged 65-90 years old, ASAⅡ or Ⅲ, NYHA Ⅱor Ⅲ, scheduled for abdominal surgery were enrolled in this study.The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Experience anesthesia group (group E, n=45) and goal-directed hemodynamic management group (G group, n=45)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900165/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-lowering-health-benefits-accruing-from-laboratory-based-community-based-and-exercise-referral-exercise-programmes
#18
R Webb, J E S Thompson, J-S Ruffino, N A Davies, L Watkeys, S Hooper, P M Jones, G Walters, D Clayton, A W Thomas, K Morris, D H Llewellyn, M Ward, J Wyatt-Williams, B J McDonnell
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the ability of community-based exercise programmes to facilitate public participation in exercise and hence improved cardiovascular health, we assessed the respective impacts of: a continuously monitored exercise programme based within our university (study 1); a Valleys Regional Park-facilitated community-based outdoor exercise programme (study 2); a Wales National Exercise Referral Scheme-delivered exercise-referral programme (study 3). METHODS: Biomolecular (monocytic PPARγ target gene expression), vascular haemodynamic (central/peripheral blood pressure, arterial stiffness), clinical (insulin sensitivity, blood lipids) and anthropometric (body mass index, waist circumference, heart rate) parameters were investigated using RT-PCR, applanation tonometry, chemical analysis and standard anthropometric techniques...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899498/association-of-visit-to-visit-variability-of-systolic-blood-pressure-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-in-primary-care-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Julie Yun Chen, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of systolic blood pressure (SBP) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality among primary care Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 124,105 Chinese adult primary care patients with T2DM and without prior diagnosed CVD from August 2008 to December 2009. The VVV of SBP was evaluated using SDs of SBP over 24 months...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895966/acceptability-of-service-targets-for-ict-based-healthcare
#20
Eun Min Jeon, Hwa Jeong Seo
OBJECTIVES: In order to adopt and activate telemedicine it is necessary to survey how medical staff, who are providers of medical service, and consumers, who are the service targets, perceive information and communication technology (ICT)-based healthcare service. METHODS: This study surveyed the awareness and acceptability of ICT-based healthcare by involving service targets, specifically workers and students living in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions who are consumers of healthcare service...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
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