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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527475/the-oximapa-study-hypertension-control-by-abpm-and-association-with-sleep-apnea-syndrome-by-pulse-oximetry
#1
Tiago Maricoto, Eurico Alves Rodrigues Silva, Pedro Damião, José Mesquita Bastos
INTRODUCTION: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring by automatic device is the best blood pressure evaluation method and sleep apnea syndrome is the leading cause of poor control. Oximetry allows screening these individuals but its usefulness has been poorly explored in Primary Health Care. The aim was to evaluate the blood pressure control at the office and with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring by automatic device and to relate it to sleep apnea syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected a sample of 50 participants, representative of 3036 hypertensive patients...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526665/the-sensor-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-of-self-management-checks-to-predict-exacerbations-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-patients-with-long-term-respiratory-conditions
#2
Claire Roberts, Thomas L Jones, Samal Gunatilake, Will Storrar, Scott Elliott, Sharon Glaysher, Ben Green, Steven Rule, Carole Fogg, Ann Dewey, Kevin A Auton, Anoop J Chauhan
BACKGROUND: There are an estimated three million people in the United Kingdom with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the incidence of bronchiectasis is estimated at around 0.1% but is more common in COPD and severe asthma. Both COPD and bronchiectasis are characterized by exacerbations in which bacteria play a central role. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is isolated from sputum samples from 4% to 15% of adults with COPD and is more likely to be isolated from patients with severe disease...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526545/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-right-ventricular-function-a-combined-assessment-by-speckle-tracking-and-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#3
Agostino Buonauro, Maurizio Galderisi, Ciro Santoro, Angelo Canora, Maria Luisa Bocchino, Francesco Lo Iudice, Maria Lembo, Roberta Esposito, Sabrina Castaldo, Bruno Trimarco, Alessandro Sanduzzi
BACKGROUND: Little is known on right ventricular (RV) involvement in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). This study aimed at evaluating early RV dysfunction by standard and advanced echocardiography in OSA. METHODS: Fifty-nine OSA patients without heart failure and 29 age-matched controls underwent standard, speckle tracking and real time 3D echocardiography of right ventricle. OSA patients performed lung function tests and overnight cardio-respiratory monitoring with evaluation of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525446/training-village-health-workers-in-detection-and-monitoring-of-noncommunicable-diseases-a-low-cost-option-for-rural-areas-facing-the-emerging-health-epidemic
#4
Shyamsundar J Raithatha, Dinesh Kumar, Amee A Amin
Noncommunicable diseases account for 53% of deaths and 44% of disability-adjusted life years lost in India. Village health workers (VHWs) were trained in blood pressure (BP) and blood sugar (BS) measurement and assessed using a checklist. A total of 38 VHWs with a mean age of 44.8 years, schooling of 9.9 years, scored 10.0 (76.9%) for BP and 9.74 (69.6%) for BS. There was no difference in scores for education and age. It is possible to train VHWs in BP and BS measurement and utilize them for screening and monitoring of hypertension and diabetes in a noncommunicable disease care program...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524042/-preparation-and-application-of-cooling-bag-for-heat-stroke-in-wild-field
#5
Hailing Li, Qing Lu, Hongping Wang, Lujia Li
Cooling bag for heat stroke in wild field was invented in order to fulfill rapid cooling for heat stroke in field environment. The cooling bag is composed of the hood, the body cover (which is made up of the anterior portion, the linking, and the posterior portion), the fixed straps, the handles. The length is 200 cm, the regulative width is 60-70 cm, the folding volume is 26 cm × 20 cm × 9 cm, and the weight is 1.4 kg. There are a number of pockets for the cold sources in the hood and the body cover. Fixed straps are set in the upper, middle and lower of the bag...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523074/cuffless-blood-pressure-estimation-based-on-data-oriented-continuous-health-monitoring-system
#6
Kengo Atomi, Haruki Kawanaka, Md Shoaib Bhuiyan, Koji Oguri
Measuring blood pressure continuously helps monitor health and also prevent lifestyle related diseases to extend the expectancy of healthy life. Blood pressure, which is nowadays used for monitoring patient, is one of the most useful indexes for prevention of lifestyle related diseases such as hypertension. However, continuously monitoring the blood pressure is unrealistic because of discomfort caused by the tightening of a cuff belt. We have earlier researched the data-oriented blood pressure estimation without using a cuff...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523028/peripheral-arterial-blood-pressure-versus-central-crterial-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-critically-ill-patients-after-cardio-pulmonary-bypass
#7
Rana Altaf Ahmad, Suhail Ahmad, Anjum Naveed, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of peripheral (radial) arterial access as compared to central (femoral) arterial access for measurement of invasive blood pressure (IBP) in critically ill patients after cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Sixty patients (60) who required high inotropic/vasopressor support on weaning from cardio-pulmonary bypass and weaned off in 2(nd) attempt were included in this study. The duration of this study was from June 2015 to August 2016...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522275/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-left-ventricular-systolic-loading-and-coronary-flow-reserve-in-healthy-young-men
#8
Volker Schulze, Christian Meyer, Christian Eickholt, Roberto Sansone, Stefanie Keymel, Christian Heiss, Tienush Rassaf, Malte Kelm, Stephan Steiner
BACKGROUND: Increased augmentation index (AIx) is accompanied by an elevated cardiovascular risk. A reduction of AIx is known for long-term continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. We hypothesised that acute preload and left ventricular workload effects AIx and subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) as a marker of coronary flow reserve. METHODS: Increased augmentation index and central blood pressure parameters were measured by radial artery tonometry in 17 healthy men (32/±6years) at rest and during CPAP ventilation at pressures of 5, 10mbar and after recovery...
March 31, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521050/sudden-unexpected-death-during-sleep-in-familial-dysautonomia-a-case-control-study
#9
Jose-Alberto Palma, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Miguel A Perez, Christy L Spalink, Horacio Kaufmann
Study Objectives: Sudden unexpected death during sleep (SUDS) is the most common cause of death in patients with familial dysautonomia, an autosomal recessive disease characterized by sensory and autonomic dysfunction. It remains unknown what causes SUDS in these patients and who is at highest risk. We tested the hypothesis that SUDS in FD is linked to sleep-disordered breathing. Methods: We retrospectively identified patients with familial dysautonomia who died suddenly and unexpectedly during sleep and had undergone polysomnography within the 18-month period prior to death...
May 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520751/-do-it-yourself-home-blood-pressure-as-a-predictor-of-traditional-and-everyday-cognition-in-older-adults
#10
Sophie E Yeung, Wendy Loken Thornton
BACKGROUND: Hypertension guidelines recommend home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring in adjunct to office blood pressure (OBP) for its greater reproducibility and prognostic utility in the prevention of cardiovascular outcomes, especially stroke. To date, the relationship between HBP and cognitive function remains unexplored. METHODS: We examined HBP as a cognitive predictor in a multi-ethnic group of community-dwelling adults aged 60 and over (N = 133) using neuropsychological measures and analyzed the data using multiple regression analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520696/an-ovine-model-of-hyperdynamic-endotoxemia-and-vital-organ-metabolism
#11
Liam Byrne, Nchafatso G Obonyo, Sara Diab, Kimble Dunster, Margaret Passmore, Ai Ching Boon, Louise See Hoe, Karen Hay, Frank Van Haren, John-Paul Tung, Louise Cullen, Kiran Shekar, Kathryn Maitland, John F Fraser
BACKGROUND: Animal models of endotoxemia are frequently used to understand the pathophysiology of sepsis and test new therapies. However, important differences exist between commonly used experimental models of endotoxemia and clinical sepsis. Animal models of endotoxemia frequently produce hypodynamic shock in contrast to clinical hyperdynamic shock. This difference may exaggerate the importance of hypoperfusion as a causative factor in organ dysfunction. This study sought to develop an ovine model of hyperdynamic endotoxemia and assess if there is evidence of impaired oxidative metabolism in the vital organs...
May 17, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515516/changes-in-cardiac-index-during-labour-analgesia-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-of-epidural-versus-combined-spinal-epidural-analgesia-a-preliminary-study
#12
Stephanie Yacoubian, Corrina M Oxford, Bhavani Shankar Kodali
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Combined spinal-epidural (CSE) analgesia for labour and delivery is occasionally associated with foetal bradycardia. Decreases in cardiac index (CI) and/or uterine hypertonia are implicated as possible aetiological factors. No study has evaluated CI changes following combined spinal analgesia for labour and delivery. This prospective, double-blind, randomised controlled trial evaluates haemodynamic trends during CSE and epidural analgesia for labour. METHODS: Twenty-six parturients at term requesting labour analgesia were randomised to receive either epidural (E) or CSE analgesia...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514936/evaluation-of-an-indirect-oscillometric-blood-pressure-monitor-in-anaesthetised-dogs-at-three-different-anatomical-locations
#13
M Fujiyama, H Sano, J P Chambers, M Gieseg
AIMS: To evaluate the agreement between invasive and non-invasive measurements of blood pressure (BP) using an oscillometer (PetTrust) at three different anatomical locations in anaesthetised dogs under different haemodynamic conditions. METHODS: Eight adult Greyhounds weighing 23.5-36.5 kg were anaesthetised with isoflurane and positioned in dorsal recumbency. Systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured invasively via a dorsal pedal artery and non-invasively using the oscillometer with cuffs placed above the carpus, above the tarsus and around the tail base...
July 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514284/comparison-in-anesthetic-effects-of-propofol-among-patients-with-different-abo-blood-groups
#14
Yiri Du, Haixia Shi, Jianshe Yu
Our study was aimed to investigate anesthetic effects of propofol in patients with different blood groups.A total of 72 participants were enrolled from patients arranged for surgeries of cholecystectomy, tonsillectomy, and spinal operation. Each blood group (A, B, AB, and O) contained 18 participants. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and bispectral index (BIS) were assayed with Philips monitor. These indexes were observed before propofol anesthesia (T0), and then were recorded when concentration of propofol was 1 μg/mL (T1), 2 μg/mL (T2), 3 μg/mL (T3), and 4 μg/mL (T4)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514264/breaks-in-sitting-time-effects-on-continuously-monitored-glucose-and-blood-pressure
#15
Dharini M Bhammar, Brandon J Sawyer, Wesley J Tucker, Glenn A Gaesser
PURPOSE: We examined the effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with multiple 2-min walking breaks or one 30-min continuous walking session on glucose control and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). METHODS: Ten overweight/obese, physically inactive participants (5 men; 32±5 y, BMI 30.3±4.6 kg·m) participated in this randomized four-trial crossover study, with each trial performed on a separate, simulated workday lasting 9h: 1) 30 min of continuous walking at 71±4% HRmax (30min-MOD); 2) 21x2-min bouts of moderate-intensity walking at 53±5% HRmax (2min-MOD), each performed every 20 min (42 min total); 3) 8x2-min bouts of vigorous-intensity walking at 79±4% HRmax (2min-VIG), each performed every h (16 min total); 4) 9h of prolonged sitting (SIT)...
May 12, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513796/adequacy-of-sphygmomanometer-cuff-to-brachial-circumference-of-people-attended-in-primary-health-care-centers
#16
Rafaela Marin Destefano, Felipe Reis de Abreu Schmitt, Siegmar Starke, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
Objective: To evaluate the adequacy of sphygmomanometer cuff to brachial circumference (BC) of individuals treated at Primary Health Care Centers. Methods: Epidemiological, observational, and quantitative cross-sectional study. A total of 381 blood pressure (BP) readings conducted by nursing professionals were observed at 18 service units selected by drawing, considering two modalities of care centers. The correct use of the cuff was the main outcome variable. The BC was measured using inelastic measuring tape...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508815/bluetooth-low-energy-peripheral-android-health-app-for-educational-and-interoperability-testing-purposes
#17
Matthias Frohner, Philipp Urbauer, Stefan Sauermann
Based on recent telemonitoring activities in Austria for enabling integrated health care, the communication interfaces between personal health devices (e.g. blood pressure monitor) and personal health gateway devices (e.g. smartphone, routing received information to wide area networks) play an important role. In order to ease testing of the Bluetooth Low Energy interface functionality of the personal health gateway devices, a personal health device simulator was developed. Based on specifications from the Bluetooth SIG a XML software test configuration file structure is defined that declares the specific features of the personal health devices simulated...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507980/hypertension-in-the-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipient
#18
REVIEW
Olga Charnaya, Asha Moudgil
Hypertension after kidney transplant is a frequent occurrence in pediatric patients. It is a risk factor for graft loss and contributes to the significant burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in this population. The etiology of posttransplant hypertension is multifactorial including donor factors, recipient factors, medications, and lifestyle factors similar to those prevalent in the general population. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has emerged as the most reliable method for measuring hypertension in pediatric transplant recipients, and many consider it to be essential in the care of these patients...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506978/addition-of-blood-pressure-and-weight-transmissions-to-standard-remote-monitoring-of-implantable-defibrillators-and-its-association-with-mortality-and-rehospitalization
#19
M Obadah Al-Chekakie, Haikun Bao, Paul W Jones, Kenneth M Stein, Lucas Marzec, Paul D Varosy, Frederick A Masoudi, Jeptha P Curtis, Joseph G Akar
BACKGROUND: Among patients with implantable defibrillators (ICD), use of remote patient monitoring (RPM) is associated with lower risk of death and rehospitalization. Standard ICD RPM can be supplemented with weight and blood pressure data. It is not known whether standard RPM plus routine weight and blood pressure transmission (RPM+) is associated with better outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: RPM+ patients (n=4106) were compared with patients who only transmitted standard ICD RPM data (n=14 183)...
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506742/investigation-of-gene-expression-and-serum-levels-of-pin1-and-enos-with-high-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-alzheimer-disease
#20
Mina Azimi, Masoud Nikanfar, Fatemeh Khakikhatibi, Reza Rahbarghazi, Seyed Manuchehr Nourazarian, Cigir Biray Avci, Alireza Nourazarian
According to evidence, Alzheimer's disease is known as one of the most serious neurodegenerative diseases, for which hypertension has been observed to be a key risk factor. Therefore, this study aims to examine the relationship between the PIN1 and eNOS genes expression, as well as serum levels and hypertension in Alzheimer's disease sufferers. Blood samples were obtained from subjects who were divided into four groups: the control group, normotensive Alzheimer's patients, the Alzheimer's sufferers group with hypertension, and the healthy group with only hypertension, considering the inhibition of confounding factors...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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