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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930224/aromatic-medicinal-plants-of-the-lamiaceae-family-from-uzbekistan-ethnopharmacology-essential-oils-composition-and-biological-activities
#1
REVIEW
Nilufar Z Mamadalieva, Davlat Kh Akramov, Elisa Ovidi, Antonio Tiezzi, Lutfun Nahar, Shahnoz S Azimova, Satyajit D Sarker
Plants of the Lamiaceae family are important ornamental, medicinal, and aromatic plants, many of which produce essential oils that are used in traditional and modern medicine, and in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. Various species of the genera Hyssopus, Leonurus, Mentha, Nepeta, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Salvia, Scutellaria, and Ziziphora are widespread throughout the world, are the most popular plants in Uzbek traditional remedies, and are often used for the treatment of wounds, gastritis, infections, dermatitis, bronchitis, and inflammation...
February 10, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922384/effects-of-salinity-and-drought-on-growth-ionic-relations-compatible-solutes-and-activation-of-antioxidant-systems-in-oleander-nerium-oleander-l
#2
Dinesh Kumar, Mohamad Al Hassan, Miguel A Naranjo, Veena Agrawal, Monica Boscaiu, Oscar Vicente
Nerium oleander is an ornamental species of high aesthetic value, grown in arid and semi-arid regions because of its drought tolerance, which is also considered as relatively resistant to salt; yet the biochemical and molecular mechanisms underlying oleander's stress tolerance remain largely unknown. To investigate these mechanisms, one-year-old oleander seedlings were exposed to 15 and 30 days of treatment with increasing salt concentrations, up to 800 mM NaCl, and to complete withholding of irrigation; growth parameters and biochemical markers characteristic of conserved stress-response pathways were then determined in stressed and control plants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917365/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-rosa-damascena-mill-with-an-overview-on-its-phytopharmacological-properties
#3
REVIEW
Neda Nayebi, Nahid Khalili, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Majid Emtiazy
Rosa damascena Mill. is one of the most famous ornamental plants cultivated all over the world mostly for perfumery industries. Traditionally it has been used as an astringent, analgesic, cardiac and intestinal tonic.The paucity ofauthoritative monographs urged usto summarize its clinical effectiveness and safety with acomprehensive review of the literature. "PUBMED", "SCOPUS", "WEBOF SCIENCE" were searched up to April 30, 2017 with search terms:("Rosa damascena" OR "Damask Rose"). All human studies with any mono-preparation were included...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904194/a-distinct-mechanism-for-the-formation-of-the-ribonucleoprotein-complex-of-the-tomato-spotted-wilt-virus
#4
Yu Guo, Baocheng Liu, Zhenzhen Ding, Guobang Li, Meizi Liu, Dantong Zhu, Yuna Sun, Shishang Dong, Zhiyong Lou
The tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) belongs to the Tospovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family and represents the sole plant-infecting group within bunyavirus. TSWV encodes a nucleocapsid protein (N) which encapsidates the RNA genome to form a ribonucleoprotein complex (RNP). In addition, the N has multiple roles during the infection of plant cells. Here, we report the crystal structure of the full-length TSWV N. The N features a body domain consisting of an N- and C-lobe. These lobes clamp a positively charged groove which may constitute the RNA binding site...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895654/graft-accelerated-virus-induced-gene-silencing-facilitates-functional-genomics-in-rose-flowers
#5
Huijun Yan, Shaochuan Shi, Nan Ma, Xiaoqian Cao, Hao Zhang, Xianqin Qiu, Qigang Wang, Hongying Jian, Ningning Zhou, Zhao Zhang, Kaixue Tang
Rose has emerged as a model ornamental plant for studies of flower development, senescence, and morphology, as well as the metabolism of floral fragrances and colors. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) has long since been used in functional genomics studies of rose by vacuum infiltration of cuttings or seedlings with an Agrobacterium suspension carrying TRV-derived vectors. However, VIGS in rose flowers remains a challenge because of its low efficiency and long time to silencing. Here we present a novel and rapid VIGS method that can be used to analyze gene function in rose, called 'graft-accelerated VIGS', where axillary sprouts are cut off the rose plant and vacuum infiltrated with Agrobacterium...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890377/molecular-characterization-and-functional-analysis-of-chalcone-synthase-from-syringa-oblata-lindl-in-the-flavonoid-biosynthetic-pathway
#6
Yu Wang, Ying Dou, Rui Wang, Xuelian Guan, Zenghui Hu, Jian Zheng
The flower color of Syringa oblata Lindl., which is often modulated by the flavonoid content, varies and is an important ornamental feature. Chalcone synthase (CHS) catalyzes the first key step in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. However, little is known about the role of S. oblata CHS (SoCHS) in flavonoid biosynthesis in this species. Here, we isolate and analyze the cDNA (SoCHS1) that encodes CHS in S. oblata. We also sought to analyzed the molecular characteristics and function of flavonoid metabolism by SoCHS1...
September 7, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887625/overexpressed-brh1-a-ring-finger-gene-alters-rosette-leaf-shape-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#7
Xiaoqian Wang, Eryong Chen, Xiaoyang Ge, Qian Gong, HamamaIslam Butt, Chaojun Zhang, Zuoren Yang, Fuguang Li, Xueyan Zhang
Leaves are the most important plant parts for photosynthesis and respiration. Many genes are involved in determining leaf shape; however, little is known about the effects of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling-pathway genes on the development of leaf shape. Here, the brassinosteroid-responsive RING-H2 (BRH1) gene, which is suppressed by 24-epi-brassinolide treatment, was isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. The amino acid sequence contained a highly conserved RING finger domain. In a phylogenetic analysis, BRH1 clustered closely with GLYMA11G02470...
September 7, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874722/ameliorative-effects-of-melatonin-on-dark-induced-leaf-senescence-in-gardenia-gardenia-jasminoides-ellis-leaf-morphology-anatomy-physiology-and-transcriptome
#8
Daqiu Zhao, Rong Wang, Jiasong Meng, Zhiyuan Li, Yanqing Wu, Jun Tao
Cut gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) foliage is widely used as a vase material or flower bouquet indoors; however, insufficient indoor light accelerates its senescence, which shortens its viewing time. In this study, applying melatonin to delay gardenia leaf senescence when exposed to extremely low light condition (darkness), and the results showed that 1.0 mM was the effective concentration. At this concentration, chlorophyll contents and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters (Fv/Fm, Fv/F0 and Y(II)) increased, while the carotenoid and flavonoid contents decreased...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870156/generation-of-expressed-sequence-tags-for-discovery-of-genes-responsible-for-floral-traits-of-chrysanthemum-morifolium-by-next-generation-sequencing-technology
#9
Katsutomo Sasaki, Nobutaka Mitsuda, Kenji Nashima, Kyutaro Kishimoto, Yuichi Katayose, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Akemi Ohmiya
BACKGROUND: Chrysanthemum morifolium is one of the most economically valuable ornamental plants worldwide. Chrysanthemum is an allohexaploid plant with a large genome that is commercially propagated by vegetative reproduction. New cultivars with different floral traits, such as color, morphology, and scent, have been generated mainly by classical cross-breeding and mutation breeding. However, only limited genetic resources and their genome information are available for the generation of new floral traits...
September 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855603/complete-chloroplast-genome-sequence-of-decaisnea-insignis-genome-organization-genomic-resources-and-comparative-analysis
#10
Bin Li, Furong Lin, Ping Huang, Wenying Guo, Yongqi Zheng
Decaisnea insignis is a wild resource plant and is used as an ornamental, medicinal, and fruit plant. High-throughput sequencing of chloroplast genomes has provided insight into the overall evolutionary dynamics of chloroplast genomes and has enhanced our understanding of the evolutionary relationships within plant families. In the present study, we sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of D. insignis and used the data to assess its genomic resources. The D. insignis chloroplast genome is 158,683 bp in length and includes a pair of inverted repeats of 26,167 bp that are separated by small and large single copy regions of 19,162 bp and 87,187 bp, respectively...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854121/entyloma-helianthi-identification-and-characterization-of-the-causal-agent-of-sunflower-white-leaf-smut
#11
Suzanne Rooney-Latham, Matthias Lutz, Cheryl L Blomquist, Megan K Romberg, Heather J Scheck, Marcin Piątek
White leaf smut is a minor foliar disease of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in the United States. The disease occurs primarily in greenhouse-grown sunflowers in California and causes leaf spot, defoliation, and a reduction in yield and crop value. Historically, many Entyloma specimens with similar morphological characters, but infecting diverse plant genera including Helianthus, were called Entyloma polysporum. Recent comparative morphological and molecular work has shown that Entyloma species infect hosts within a single genus or species, suggesting that the sunflower Entyloma species may not be E...
May 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833941/ultrastructure-and-distribution-of-antennal-sensilla-of-the-chilli-thrips-scirtothrips-dorsalis-hood-thysanoptera-thripidae
#12
Wenjing Zhu, Shihao Zhou, Shijie Wang, Dongyin Han, Junyu Chen, Yueguan Fu
The chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood, is a serious pest of numerous important vegetable and ornamental crops. Various signals, especially phytochemical cues, determine the behavior of the phytophagous thrips at host selection. The sensory abilities of S. dorsalis are poorly understood although the antennae of adult are known to possess important sensory structures in orther insects. In this study, the morphology, distribution, and ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of the S. dorsalis were examined by using scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
August 21, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833915/simulating-plant-invasion-dynamics-in-mountain-ecosystems-under-global-change-scenarios
#13
Marta Carboni, Maya Guéguen, Ceres Barros, Damien Georges, Isabelle Boulangeat, Rolland Douzet, Stefan Dullinger, Guenther Klonner, Mark van Kleunen, Franz Essl, Oliver Bossdorf, Emily Haeuser, Matthew V Talluto, Dietmar Moser, Svenja Block, Luisa Conti, Iwona Dullinger, Tamara Münkemüller, Wilfried Thuiller
Across the globe, invasive alien species cause severe environmental changes, altering species composition and ecosystem functions. So far, mountain areas have mostly been spared from large-scale invasions. However, climate change, land-use abandonment, the development of tourism and the increasing ornamental trade will weaken the barriers to invasions in these systems. Understanding how alien species will react and how native communities will influence their success is thus of prime importance in a management perspective...
August 22, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828397/assessment-of-useful-plants-in-the-catchment-area-of-the-proposed-ntabelanga-dam-in-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#14
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: The developmental projects, particularly construction of dams, result in permanent changes of terrestrial ecosystems through inundation. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken aiming at documenting useful plant species in Ntabelanga dam catchment area that will be impacted by the construction of the proposed dam. METHODS: A total of 55 randomly selected quadrats were used to assess plant species diversity and composition. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) methods were used to identify useful plant species growing in the catchment area through interviews with 108 randomly selected participants...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811879/growth-and-fecundity-of-fertile-miscanthus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-giganteus-powercane-compared-to-feral-and-ornamental-miscanthus-sinensis-in-a-common-garden-experiment-implications-for-invasion
#15
Maria N Miriti, Tahir Ibrahim, Destiny Palik, Catherine Bonin, Emily Heaton, Evans Mutegi, Allison A Snow
Perennial grasses are promising candidates for bioenergy crops, but species that can escape cultivation and establish self-sustaining naturalized populations (feral) may have the potential to become invasive. Fertile Miscanthus × giganteus, known as "PowerCane," is a new potential biofuel crop. Its parent species are ornamental, non-native Miscanthus species that establish feral populations and are sometimes invasive in the USA. As a first step toward assessing the potential for "PowerCane" to become invasive, we documented its growth and fecundity relative to one of its parent species (Miscanthus sinensis) in competition with native and invasive grasses in common garden experiments located in Columbus, Ohio and Ames, Iowa, within the targeted range of biofuel cultivation...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809950/characterization-of-the-complete-chloroplast-genome-of-arabis-stellari-and-comparisons-with-related-species
#16
Gurusamy Raman, Veronica Park, Myounghai Kwak, Byoungyoon Lee, SeonJoo Park
Arabis stellari var. japonica is an ornamental plant of the Brassicaceae family, and is widely distributed in South Korea. However, no information is available about its molecular biology and no genomic study has been performed on A. stellari. In this paper, the authors report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of A. stellari. The plastome of A. stellari was 153,683 bp in length with 36.4% GC and included a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,423 bp that separated a large single-copy (LSC) region of 82,807 bp and a small single-copy (SSC) region of 18,030 bp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808387/new-apigenin-glycoside-polyphenolic-constituents-anti-inflammatory-and-hepatoprotective-activities-of-gaillardia-grandiflora-and-gaillardia-pulchella-aerial-parts
#17
Fatma A Moharram, Rabab Abd El Moneim El Dib, Mohamed S Marzouk, Siham M El-Shenawy, Haitham A Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Gaillardia grandiflora Hort. ex Van Houte and Gaillardia pulchella Foug are flowering plants widely cultivated in Egypt for their ornamental value. Previous reports demonstrated that sesquiterpene derivatives represent the major compounds in both species. Moreover, only few flavones were identified from genus Gaillardia and few studies on the cytotoxicity of G. pulchella were found. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigation of the phenolic constituents of the aerial parts of both species and evaluation of their anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796196/two-c3h-type-zinc-finger-protein-genes-cpczf1-and-cpczf2-from-chimonanthus-praecox-affect-stamen-development-in-arabidopsis
#18
Huamin Liu, Renwei Huang, Jing Ma, Shunzhao Sui, Yulong Guo, Daofeng Liu, Zhineng Li, Yechun Lin, Mingyang Li
Wintersweet (Chimonanthus praecox) is a popular garden plant because of its flowering time, sweet fragrance, and ornamental value. However, research into the molecular mechanism that regulates flower development in wintersweet is still limited. In this study, we sought to investigate the molecular characteristics, expression patterns, and potential functions of two C3H-type zinc finger (CZF) protein genes, CpCZF1 and CpCZF2, which were isolated from the wintersweet flowers based on the flower developmental transcriptome database...
August 10, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794223/novel-host-plant-leads-to-the-loss-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-a-sexually-selected-male-weapon
#19
Pablo E Allen, Christine W Miller
In this time of massive global change, species are now frequently interacting with novel players. Greater insight into the impact of these novel interactions on traits linked to fitness is essential, because effects on these traits can hinder population existence or promote rapid adaptation. Sexually selected weapons and ornaments frequently influence fitness and often have heightened condition-dependence in response to nutrition. Condition-dependence in response to different ecological conditions, a form of developmental plasticity, may be responsible for much of the intraspecific variation in sexually selected ornaments and weapons in wild populations...
August 16, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789692/diversity-of-use-and-local-knowledge-of-wild-and-cultivated-plants-in-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#20
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: Traditional ecological knowledge among indigenous communities plays an important role in retaining cultural identity and achieving sustainable natural resource management. Hundreds of millions of people mostly in developing countries derive a substantial part of their subsistence and income from plant resources. The aim of this study was to assess useful plant species diversity, plant use categories and local knowledge of both wild and cultivated useful species in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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