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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138931/rna-seq-analysis-reveals-the-distinctive-adaxial-abaxial-polarity-in-the-asymmetric-one-theca-stamen-of-canna-indica
#1
Xueyi Tian, Pu Zou, Mingzhi Miao, Zulin Ning, Jingping Liao
Proper establishment of adaxial-abaxial polarity is essential for the development of lateral organs, while former researches were mostly focused on the polarity regulation in leaves, and little is known in stamens, especially in the asymmetric ones. Canna indica (Zingiberales: Cannaceae) is a widely cultivated ornamental plant and the representative species to study the evolutionary development of Zingiberales. The androecium of Canna indica comprises 3-4 petaloid staminodes and a fertile stamen (FS), which consists of a one-theca anther and a petaloid appendage...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133839/genetic-relationships-and-evolution-of-old-chinese-garden-roses-based-on-ssrs-and-chromosome-diversity
#2
Jiongrui Tan, Jing Wang, Le Luo, Chao Yu, Tingliang Xu, Yuying Wu, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang, Huitang Pan, Qixiang Zhang
Old Chinese garden roses are the foundation of the modern rose, which is one of the best-selling ornamental plants. However, the horticultural grouping and evolution of old Chinese garden roses are unclear. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were employed to survey genetic diversity in old Chinese garden roses and genetic differentiation was estimated among different rose groups. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to study the physical localization of 5 S rDNA genes and a karyotype analysis was performed...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131853/transcriptome-analysis-of-crossostephium-chinensis-provides-insight-into-the-molecular-basis-of-salinity-stress-responses
#3
Haiyan Yang, Ming Sun, Shuangji Lin, Yanhong Guo, Yongjuan Yang, Tengxun Zhang, Jingxing Zhang
Soil salinization is becoming a limitation to the utilization of ornamental plants worldwide. Crossostephium chinensis (Linnaeus) Makino is often cultivated along the southeast coast of China for its desirable ornamental qualities and high salt tolerance. However, little is known about the genomic background of the salt tolerance mechanism in C. chinensis. In the present study, we used Illumina paired-end sequencing to systematically investigate leaf transcriptomes derived from C. chinensis seedlings grown under normal conditions and under salt stress...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128983/biological-control-of-echinothrips-americanus-by-phytoseiid-predatory-mites-and-the-effect-of-pollen-as-supplemental-food
#4
Somayyeh Ghasemzadeh, Ada Leman, Gerben J Messelink
The poinsettia thrips, Echinothrips americanus Morgan, is an upcoming pest in greenhouse crops, causing serious damage in various vegetable and ornamental crops through extensive foliage feeding. We assessed which stages of E. americanus are attacked and killed by the phytoseiid predatory mites Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot), Amblydromalus limonicus (Garman and McGregor), Euseius gallicus Kreiter and Tixier and Euseius ovalis (Evans). Both the predation and oviposition rates were assessed in the laboratory to evaluate which mite species is potentially the most effective predator of E...
November 11, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093743/surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-spectra-revealing-the-inter-cultivar-differences-for-chinese-ornamental-flos-chrysanthemum-a-new-promising-method-for-plant-taxonomy
#5
Heng Zhang, Zhenyi Chen, Taihao Li, Na Chen, Wenjie Xu, Shupeng Liu
Background: Flos Chrysanthemi, as a part of Chinese culture for a long history, is valuable for not only environmental decoration but also the medicine and food additive. Due to their voluminously various breeds and extensive distributions worldwide, it is burdensome to make recognition and classification among numerous cultivars with conventional methods which still rest on the level of morphologic observation and description. As a fingerprint spectrum for parsing molecular information, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) could be a suitable candidate technique to characterize and distinguish the inter-cultivar differences at molecular level...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091881/phytochemical-profile-and-mechanisms-involved-in-the-anti-nociception-caused-by-the-hydroethanolic-extract-obtained-from-tocoyena-formosa-cham-schltdl-k-schum-jenipapo-bravo-leaves-in-mice
#6
Francisco Rafael Alves Santana Cesário, Thaís Rodrigues de Albuquerque, Giovana Mendes de Lacerda, Maria Rayane Correia de Oliveira, Lindaiane Bezerra Rodrigues, Anita Oliveira Brito Pereira Bezerra Martins, Aline Augusti Boligon, Lucindo José Quintans Júnior, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Mariana Lima Vale, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes
Tocoyena formosa, a small ornamental tree growing in the dry regions of central Brazil, is commonly known as 'genipapo do bravo'. This is a medicinal plant traditionally used as an analgesic for rheumatic pain, lower back pain and myalgia, however its use is carried out without scientific evidence, which thus justifies the development of studies to investigate and prove its therapeutic potential. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical profile of Tocoyena formosa (Cham. & Schlecht...
October 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082681/-research-and-investigation-on-original-plants-of-medicinal-moutan
#7
Hua-Sheng Peng, De-Qun Wang, Dai-Yin Peng, Lu-Qi Huang
As a kind of famous ornamental flowers, Moutan, known as "the king of flower", mainly originates from various cultivars of Paeonia suffruticosa. Moutan Cortex, a common traditional Chinese medicine, has a long medicinal history for more than 2 000 years. At present, "Fengdanpi", which is the root bark of P. ostii mainly growing in Tongling, Anhui, is a sort of Dao-di herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. However,various editions of Chinese pharmacopoeia has been stipulating that Moutan Cortex originates from the bark root of P...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072582/genus-specific-real-time-pcr-and-hrm-assays-to-distinguish-liriope-from-ophiopogon-samples
#8
Eva Masiero, Dipanwita Banik, John Abson, Paul Greene, Adrian Slater, Tiziana Sgamma
Liriope and Ophiopogon species have a long history of use as traditional medicines across East Asia. They have also become widely used around the world for ornamental and landscaping purposes. The morphological similarities between Liriope and Ophiopogon taxa have made the taxonomy of the two genera problematic and caused confusion about the identification of individual specimens. Molecular approaches could be a useful tool for the discrimination of these two genera in combination with traditional methods. Seventy-five Liriope and Ophiopogon samples from the UK National Plant Collections of Ophiopogon and Liriope were analyzed...
October 26, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070857/structure-determination-and-activity-manipulation-of-the-turfgrass-aba-receptor-fepyr1
#9
Zhizhong Ren, Zhen Wang, X Edward Zhou, Huazhong Shi, Yechun Hong, Minjie Cao, Zhulong Chan, Xue Liu, H Eric Xu, Jian-Kang Zhu
Turfgrass are widely cultivated ornamental plants that have important ecological, societal and economical values. However, many turfgrass species are susceptible to drought and demand frequent irrigation thus consuming large amounts of water. With the ultimate goal of improving drought resistance in turfgrass, we identified several ABA receptors in turfgrass that are important to mediate ABA signaling and drought stress response. The ABA receptor FePYR1 from turfgrass Festuca elata was demonstrated to bind ABA as a monomer...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069136/peculiar-anatomical-traits-high-durability-and-potential-ornamental-use-of-cyclanthaceae-as-fresh-foliage
#10
Maria Camila Medina, Saúl E Hoyos-Gómez, Diego Demarco, Dino Tuberquia
Wild plant species with potential for use as ornamental green foliage are often reported. Nevertheless, there are few studies evaluating morphological and anatomical aspects associated with this use. Preliminary trials suggest that the species of Sphaeradenia (Sander ex Mast.) Harling, a Cyclantaceae that occurs from Costa Rica to Peru, is suitable to be used as fresh foliage because of attractiveness of their leaves in vase and its durability without showing tissue damage, compared with other genera of this family...
October 23, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064696/camellianols-a-g-barrigenol-like-triterpenoids-with-ptp1b-inhibitory-effects-from-the-endangered-ornamental-plant-camellia-crapnelliana
#11
Juan Xiong, Jiang Wan, Jie Ding, Pei-Pei Wang, Guang-Lei Ma, Jia Li, Jin-Feng Hu
Seven new naturally occurring barrigenol-like compounds, camellianols A-G (1-7), and 10 known triterpenoids were isolated from the twigs and leaves of the cultivated endangered ornamental plant Camellia crapnelliana. According to the ECD octant rule for saturated cyclohexanones, the absolute configurations of camellianols D (4) and E (5) were defined. The backbones of the remaining new isolates are assumed to have the same absolute configuration as compounds 4, 5, and harpullone (12). Compounds 2, 3, 9, 10, 13, and 16 exhibited inhibitory effects on the protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) enzyme, with IC50 values less than 10 μM...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053368/phytostabilization-potential-of-ornamental-plants-grown-in-soil-contaminated-with-cadmium
#12
Peng Zeng, Zhaohui Guo, Xia Cao, Xiyuan Xiao, Yanan Liu, Lei Shi
In a greenhouse experiment, five ornamental plants, Osmanthus fragrans (OF), Ligustrum vicaryi L. (LV), Cinnamomum camphora (CC), Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum (LC), and Euonymus japonicas cv. Aureo-mar (EJ), were studied for the ability to phytostabilization for Cd-contaminated soil. The results showed that these five ornamental plants can grow normally when the soil Cd content is less than 24.6 mg·kg(-1). Cd was mainly deposited in the roots of OF, LV, LC and EJ which have grown in Cd-contaminated soils, and the maximum Cd contents reached 15...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039745/profiling-the-fatty-acids-content-of-ornamental-camellia-seeds-cultivated-in-galicia-by-an-optimized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-extraction
#13
Carmen Garcia-Jares, Marta Sanchez-Nande, Juan Pablo Lamas, Marta Lores
Camellia (genus of flowering plants of fam. Theaceae) is one of the main crops in Asia, where tea and oil from leaves and seeds have been utilized for thousands of years. This plant is excellently adapted to the climate and soil of Galicia (northwestern Spain) and northern Portugal where it is grown not only as an ornamental plant, but to be evaluated as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work, the main fatty acids were extracted from Camellia seeds of four varieties of Camellia: sasanqua, reticulata, japonica and sinensis, by means of matrix-solid phase dispersion (MSPD), and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) with MS detection of the corresponding methyl esters...
October 17, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020749/the-draft-genome-assembly-of-rhododendron-delavayi-franch-var-delavayi
#14
Lu Zhang, Pengwei Xu, Yanfei Cai, Lulin Ma, Shifeng Li, Shufa Li, Weijia Xie, Jie Song, Lvchun Peng, Huijun Yan, Ling Zou, Yongpeng Ma, Chengjun Zhang, Qiang Gao, Jihua Wang
Rhododendron delavayi Franch. is globally famous as an ornamental plant. Its distribution in southwest China covers several different habitats and environments. However, not much research had been conducted on Rhododendron spp. at the molecular level, which hinders understanding of its evolution, speciation, and synthesis of secondary metabolites, as well as its wide adaptability to different environments. Here, we report the genome assembly and gene annotation of R. delavayi var. delavayi (the second genome sequenced in the Ericaceae), which will facilitate the study of the family...
October 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018469/de-novo-assembly-of-transcriptome-and-development-of-novel-est-ssr-markers-in-rhododendron-rex-l%C3%A3-vl-through-illumina-sequencing
#15
Yue Zhang, Xue Zhang, Yue-Hua Wang, Shi-Kang Shen
Transcriptome sequences generated by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can be utilized to rapidly detect and characterize a large number of gene-based microsatellites from different plants. Rhododendron rex Lévl. is a perennial woody species from the family Ericaceae and an endangered plant with high ornamental value endemic to Southwestern China. Nevertheless, the genetic and genomic information of R. rex remain unknown. In this study, we performed transcriptome sequencing for R. rex leaf samples, and generated large transcript sequences for functional characterization and development gene-associated SSR markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018462/a-mini-zinc-finger-protein-mif-from-gerbera-hybrida-activates-the-gasa-protein-family-gene-geg-to-inhibit-ray-petal-elongation
#16
Meixiang Han, Xuefeng Jin, Wei Yao, Lingjie Kong, Gan Huang, Yujin Tao, Lingfei Li, Xiaojing Wang, Yaqin Wang
Petal appearance is an important horticultural trail that is generally used to evaluate the ornamental value of plants. However, knowledge of the molecular regulation of petal growth is mostly derived from analyses of Arabidopsis thaliana, and relatively little is known about this process in ornamental plants. Previously, GEG (Gerbera hybrida homolog of the gibberellin [GA]-stimulated transcript 1 [GAST1] from tomato), a gene from the GA stimulated Arabidopsis (GASA) family, was reported to be an inhibitor of ray petal growth in the ornamental species, G...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018460/the-first-genetic-map-in-sweet-osmanthus-osmanthus-fragrans-lour-using-specific-locus-amplified-fragment-sequencing
#17
Yanxia He, Wangjun Yuan, Meifang Dong, Yuanji Han, Fude Shang
Osmanthus fragrans is an ornamental plant of substantial commercial value, and no genetic linkage maps of this species have previously been reported. Specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) is a recently developed technology that allows massive single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to be identified and high-resolution genotyping. In our current research, we generated the first genetic map of O. fragrans using SLAF-seq, which is composed with 206.92 M paired-end reads and 173,537 SLAF markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992874/poisoning-after-ingestion-of-spartium-junceum-seeds-dose-dependent-effects-in-three-boys
#18
Nuria Giménez, Noemí Magro, Nuria Cortés, Raimon Guitart
BACKGROUND: Spanish broom (Spartium junceum L.) is an ornamental, medicinal, and potentially poisonous plant. CASE REPORT: Three children, aged 5-6 years, were accidentally poisoned from ingesting a variable number of seeds of Spanish broom. This plant contains several quinolizidine alkaloids as cytisine, which act as an agonist of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. The potential danger varies, depending on the dose. After having ingested one to two seeds, one of the boys was asymptomatic...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979789/water-lilies-as-emerging-models-for-darwin-s-abominable-mystery
#19
REVIEW
Fei Chen, Xing Liu, Cuiwei Yu, Yuchu Chen, Haibao Tang, Liangsheng Zhang
Water lilies are not only highly favored aquatic ornamental plants with cultural and economic importance but they also occupy a critical evolutionary space that is crucial for understanding the origin and early evolutionary trajectory of flowering plants. The birth and rapid radiation of flowering plants has interested many scientists and was considered 'an abominable mystery' by Charles Darwin. In searching for the angiosperm evolutionary origin and its underlying mechanisms, the genome of Amborella has shed some light on the molecular features of one of the basal angiosperm lineages; however, little is known regarding the genetics and genomics of another basal angiosperm lineage, namely, the water lily...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967227/b-and-e-mads-box-genes-determine-the-perianth-formation-in-cymbidium-goeringii-rchb-f
#20
Lin Xiang, Yue Chen, Liping Chen, Xiaopeng Fu, Kaige Zhao, Jie Zhang, Chongbo Sun
Cymbidium goeringii Rchb. f. is an important ornamental plant with a striking well-differentiated lip. Its complex floral architecture presents an exciting opportunity to examine perianth development. In flowering plants, class A, B and E floral homeotic genes play key roles in the specification of perianth identity. In this study, we used a cDNA library of wild-type C. goeringii flower buds for transcriptome sequencing. Eighteen candidate class A, B and E genes (including AP1/FUL-, AP2-, DEF-, GLO-, SEP-, and AGL6-like genes) were identified...
October 2, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
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