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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727557/integrating-flexible-sensor-and-virtual-self-organizing-dc-grid-model-with-cloud-computing-for-blood-leakage-detection-during-hemodialysis
#1
Ping-Tzan Huang, Tai-Lang Jong, Chien-Ming Li, Wei-Ling Chen, Chia-Hung Lin
Blood leakage and blood loss are serious complications during hemodialysis. From the hemodialysis survey reports, these life-threatening events occur to attract nephrology nurses and patients themselves. When the venous needle and blood line are disconnected, it takes only a few minutes for an adult patient to lose over 40% of his / her blood, which is a sufficient amount of blood loss to cause the patient to die. Therefore, we propose integrating a flexible sensor and self-organizing algorithm to design a cloud computing-based warning device for blood leakage detection...
July 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713653/frail-phenotype-might-herald-bone-health-worsening-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#2
Chia-Ter Chao, Jenq-Wen Huang, Ding-Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Frailty exhibits a high prevalence in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and is associated with adverse health-related outcomes, including falls and fractures. Available studies do not address whether frailty is associated with temporal changes in BMD. We evaluated this issue by analyzing the follow-up dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) results in an ESRD cohort. METHODS: In 2015, we enrolled forty-three ESRD patients, divided into frail, pre-frail, and robust ones based on a validated simple FRAIL scale, all receiving DXA at baseline...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712176/ecg-abnormalities-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Salman Shafi, Mohammad Saleem, Roshina Anjum, Wajid Abdullah, Tahir Shafi
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are common in CKD patients. However, there is variation in literature regarding frequency of ECG abnormalities in CKD patients and limited information in local population. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional in nature. All patients between ages of 20-80 years with CKD not previously on renal replacement therapy who were admitted to nephrology ward at a tertiary care facility over a 6-month period were included...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711905/the-prevalence-subtypes-and-associated-factors-of-hyperuricemia-in-lupus-nephritis-patients-at-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-1-3
#4
Simeng Liu, Yijun Gong, Hong Ren, Wen Zhang, Xiaonong Chen, Tong Zhou, Xiao Li, Nan Chen
There is a high prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. However, there's a dearth of research on HUA's prevalence, subtypes, early detection, and treatment strategies of HUA in lupus nephritis (LN) patients. The aim of this study is to address these knowledge gaps. LN patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital from January 2011 to January 2016 were recruited. The effective sample size was derived using the power analysis. The demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the LN patients with HUA were compared with those of patients without HUA...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709600/challenges-in-conducting-clinical-trials-in-nephrology-conclusions-from-a-kidney-disease-improving-global-outcomes-kdigo-controversies-conference
#5
Colin Baigent, William G Herrington, Josef Coresh, Martin J Landray, Adeera Levin, Vlado Perkovic, Marc A Pfeffer, Peter Rossing, Michael Walsh, Christoph Wanner, David C Wheeler, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, John J V McMurray
Despite the high costs of treatment of people with kidney disease and associated comorbid conditions, the amount of reliable information available to guide the care of such patients is very limited. Some treatments have been assessed in randomized trials, but most such trials have been too small to detect treatment effects of a magnitude that would be realistic to achieve with a single intervention. Therefore, KDIGO convened an international, multidisciplinary controversies conference titled "Challenges in the Conduct of Clinical Trials in Nephrology" to identify the key barriers to conducting trials in patients with kidney disease...
August 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709408/erratum-to-screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-of-uncertain-aetiology-in-sri-lanka-usability-of-surrogate-biomarkers-over-dipstick-proteinuria
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706383/a-clinico-pathological-study-of-lupus-nephritis-based-on-the-international-society-of-nephrology-renal-pathology-society-2003-classification-system
#7
Suchitha Satish, Pallavi Deka, Manjunath Sanjeev Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a major complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Renal involvement is a major determinant of the prognosis of SLE. The histological classification of LN is a key factor in determining the renal survival of patients with LN. Prompt recognition and treatment of renal disease are important, as early response to therapy is correlated with better outcome and renal biopsy plays an important role in achieving this. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to correlate the clinical and laboratory findings with histopathological classes of LN as per the 2003 International Society of Nephrology-Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) classification system...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705077/fifty-years-of-hemodialysis-access-literature-the-fifty-most-cited-publications-in-the-medical-literature
#8
Edvard Skripochnik, David J O'Connor, Eric B Trestman, Evan C Lipsitz, Larry A Scher
Objectives The modern era of hemodialysis access surgery began with the publication in 1966 by Brescia et al. describing the use of a surgically created arteriovenous fistula. Since then, the number of patients on chronic hemodialysis and the number of publications dealing with hemodialysis access have steadily increased. We have chronicled the increase in publications in the medical literature dealing with hemodialysis access by evaluating the characteristics of the 50 most cited articles. Methods We queried the Science Citation Index from the years 1960-2014...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701518/effect-of-cytochrome-p450-metabolites-of-arachidonic-acid-in-nephrology
#9
Fan Fan, Richard J Roman
Thirty-five years ago, a third pathway for the metabolism of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 enzymes emerged. Subsequent work revealed that 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids formed by these pathways have essential roles in the regulation of renal tubular and vascular function. Sequence variants in the genes that produce 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid are associated with hypertension in humans, whereas the evidence supporting a role for variants in the genes that alter levels of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids is less convincing...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700186/-the-treatment-of-aki-in-nephrology-hospitalization-the-sle-hdf-15-litres-in-10-hours
#10
REVIEW
Marcello Napoli, Maria Luisa Lefons, Giovanni Sandri, Efisio Sozzo, Carmela Ambrosino
The AKI in intensive care has been widely treated by international and national guidelines. The treatment of AKI in patients not requiring admission in Intensive Care Unit, but often hospitalized in Nephrology Unit, it is showed of less relevance. For over 5 years we have used for the treatment of AKI of patients admitted in Nephrology Unit an intermittent slow technique, implemented in approximately 600 patients with AKI for a total of about 3000 treatments. In this study we report the clinical results obtained in 100 consecutive patients referred to our Nephrology Unit from 1st January 2014...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700184/-report-for-the-world-kidney-days-in-italy-2015-2016
#11
REVIEW
Pasquale Esposito, Yuri Battaglia, Elena Caramella, Domenico Russo, Alessandro Balducci
World Kidney Day (WKD) is a global campaign, promoted by International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF) and International Society of Nephrology (ISN) aimed at raising awareness among people on importance of our kidneys. This campaign includes many events across the globe. The main purpose of WKD is to create and spread awareness about preventive behaviours and risk factors for renal diseases. In Italy WKD is organized by the Italian Kidney Foundation (FIR) in collaboration with Italian Society of Nephrology (SIN) and the Red Cross of Italy...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700181/-hyperuricemia-and-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#12
Fabio Tattoli, Daniela Falconi, Ornella De Prisco, Gherzi Maurizio, Federico Marazzi, Marita Marengo, Ilaria Serra, Michela Tamagnone, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Barbara Pasini, Marco Formica
Hyperuricemia is frequently found in nephrology. The case presented may be useful to clarify some pathogenetic aspects. It is a patient of 18 years, hyperuricaemic. Non-consanguineous parents, hyperuricemia in the paternal line, not neuropsychiatric disorders in the family. Delay in neuromotor acquisitions, average intellectual disabilities, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality traits. Normal renal function and renal ultrasound. Evidence of hyperuricemia in 2015. Never gouty episodes and / or lithiasis, initiated allopurinol 100 mg on alternate days, with no side effects, urea in the control range, slightly below normal uricuria...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700178/-nephrology-in-emilia-romagna-region
#13
EDITORIAL
Stefano Bonaccini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699616/levamisole-in-frequently-relapsing-and-steroid-dependent-nephrotic-syndrome
#14
Evangeline Mary Kiruba Samuel, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Singanamalla Bhanudeep, Sravani Muske
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of levamisole in children with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) and steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) when administered on an alternate day ('initial therapy' in all cases) or daily basis ('rescue therapy' in whom alternate day therapy failed). METHODS: The records of 95 children (age 1-18y) with FRNS and SDNS, who were treated at the Pediatric nephrology clinic, and received levamisole therapy (maximum 2 years duration, between 2010-2013) with a follow-up period of minimum1 year, were included...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699323/intra-procedural-continuous-dialysis-to-facilitate-interventional-catheterization-in-pediatric-patients-with-severe-renal-failure
#15
Angeline D Opina, Athar M Qureshi, Eileen Brewer, Ewa Elenberg, Sarah Swartz, Mini Michael, Henri Justino
BACKGROUND: Interventional catheterization procedures may be needed for patients with severe renal failure who are dependent on dialysis. To avoid the risk of fluid overload and electrolyte derangement during complex procedures in this oliguric/anuric patient population, we performed intra-procedural dialysis, either continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) or continous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of pediatric patients, ages 0-18 years, with dialysis-dependent renal failure who received CRRT or CCPD during catheterization procedures from January 2013 to March 2016...
July 12, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698823/a-nationwide-survey-of-healthcare-personnel-s-attitude-knowledge-and-interest-toward-renal-supportive-care-in-taiwan
#16
Hung-Bin Tsai, Chia-Ter Chao, Jenq-Wen Huang, Ray-E Chang, Kuan-Yu Hung
BACKGROUND: Renal supportive care (RSC) is an important option for elderly individuals reaching end-stage renal disease; however, the frequency of RSC practice is very low among Asian countries. We evaluated the attitude, the knowledge, and the preference for specific topics concerning RSC among participants who worked in different medical professions in Taiwan. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was employed. Healthcare personnel (N = 598) who were involved in caring for end-stage renal disease patients at more than 40 facilities in Taiwan participated in this study...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698529/naturally-occurring-compounds-new-potential-weapons-against-oxidative-stress-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
REVIEW
Lorenzo Signorini, Simona Granata, Antonio Lupo, Gianluigi Zaza
Oxidative stress is a well-described imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant defense system of cells and tissues. The overproduction of free radicals damages all components of the cell (proteins, lipids, nucleic acids) and modifies their physiological functions. As widely described, this condition is a biochemical hallmark of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may dramatically influence the progression of renal impairment and the onset/development of major systemic comorbidities including cardiovascular diseases...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698020/first-outbreak-of-colonization-by-linezolid-and-glycopeptide-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-harbouring-the-cfr-gene-in-a-uk-nephrology-unit
#18
Teresa Inkster, John Coia, Danièle Meunier, Michel Doumith, Kate Martin, Rachel Pike, Laura Imrie, Hayley Kane, Marlene Hay, Camilla Wiuff, Julie Wilson, Chris Deighan, Katie L Hopkins, Neil Woodford, Robert Hill
AIM: To describe an outbreak of colonization by linezolid- and glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium harbouring the cfr gene, in a UK nephrology unit. METHODS: Isolates of linezolid-resistant E. faecium were typed by PFGE and examined by PCR and sequencing for the transmissible cfr gene that confers resistance to linezolid. Enhanced environmental cleaning, initial and weekly screening of all patients and monitoring of adherence to standard infection control precautions (SICPs) were implemented...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697541/first-experience-of-cadaveric-renal-transplantation-in-sri-lanka
#19
P K Harrischandra, D N Jayatunge, U B Rambukwella, I B Sumithraarachchi, U I Karunadasa, A S Abeyagunawardena
Objectives: To analyse the outcome of 50 consecutive cadaveric renal transplants performed in Sri Lanka. Methods: This was a single-centre longitudinal cohort study conducted in the Nephrology and Kidney Transplant Unit, Teaching Hospital Kandy, Sri Lanka. Records of 50 Sri Lankan cadaveric renal transplant recipients from 7th December 2004 to 1st September 2013 were reviewed and categorized according to early graft function, cold ischaemia time and the duration of dialysis before surgery...
June 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692694/renal-replacement-therapy-practices-for-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-china
#20
William R Clark, Xiaoqiang Ding, Haibo Qiu, Zhaohui Ni, Ping Chang, Ping Fu, Jiarui Xu, MinMin Wang, Li Yang, Jing Wang, Claudio Ronco
Recent data indicate AKI is very common among hospitalized Chinese patients and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is increasingly offered for treatment. However, only anecdotal information regarding CRRT's use in relation to other modalities and the specific manner in which it is prescribed exists currently. This report summarizes the results of a comprehensive physician survey designed to characterize contemporary dialytic management of AKI patients in China, especially with respect to the utilization of CRRT...
2017: PloS One
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