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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811768/clinical-predictors-of-an-abnormal-ultrasound-in-patients-presenting-with-suspected-nephrolithiasis
#1
Salman Tahir Shafi, Roshina Anjum, Tahir Shafi
OBJECTIVE: To determine any clinical features associated with an abnormal ultrasound in patients with suspected nephrolithiasis in an out-patient setting. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional in nature. The study was conducted at an out-patient nephrology department of a tertiary care facility over a 3 month period. Patients included in the study were 18-80 years old, who presented with unilateral flank or costovertebral angle pain with or without other clinical features suggestive of renal or ureteric calculus based on clinician's judgement...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811048/receipt-of-nephrology-care-and-clinical-outcomes-among-veterans-with-advanced-ckd
#2
Enrica Fung, Tara I Chang, Glenn M Chertow, I-Chun Thomas, Steven M Asch, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines recommend referral to nephrology when estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decreases to <30mL/min/1.73m(2); however, evidence for benefits of nephrology care are mixed. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort using landmark analysis. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: A national cohort of veterans with advanced chronic kidney disease, defined as an outpatient eGFR≤30mL/min/1.73m(2) for January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2010, and a prior eGFR<60mL/min/1...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810622/oral-n-acetylcysteine-for-prophylaxis-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-following-coronary-angioplasty-a-meta-analysis
#3
Jing-Xiu Li, En-Ze Jin, Long-Hao Yu, Yang Li, Nan-Nan Liu, Yu-Mei Dong, Xin Li, Xue-Qi Li
It is acknowledged that contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a common cause of acute renal insufficiency after cardiac catheterization and affects mortality and morbidity. To date, it is unknown whether oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is able to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed to assess the effects of NAC in the prevention of CIN in patients following coronary angioplasty. A total of 19 studies published prior to January 2015 that investigated the efficacy of oral NAC for the prevention of CIN were collected from Medline, Cochrane and Embase databases and conference proceedings from cardiology and nephrology meetings...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809591/reducing-inappropriate-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-prescription-in-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
David M Keohane, Thomas Dennehy, Kenneth P Keohane, Eamonn Shanahan
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to reduce inappropriate non-steroidal anti-inflammatory prescribing in primary care patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Once diagnosed, CKD management involves delaying progression to end stage renal failure and preventing complications. It is well established that non-steroidal anti-inflammatories have a negative effect on kidney function and consequently, all nephrology consensus groups suggest avoiding this drug class in CKD. Design/methodology/approach The sampling criteria included all practice patients with a known CKD risk factor...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805539/protective-effect-of-regular-physical-activity-on-major-depressive-episodes-in-patients-with-early-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Fu-Xiang Zhu, Xiang-Yang Zhang, Xiao-Kai Ding, Bin Han
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between physical activity (PA) and depression in diverse population. The purpose of our study is to examine if PA within the recommended level over time is associated with major depressive episode (MDE) in patients with early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Mainland China. Patients with stages 2-5 CKD not receiving dialysis were enrolled from a nephrology outpatient clinic between May 2014 and February 2016. Based on the patterns of PA over time, all patients were divided into four groups: persistently active, from inactive to active, from active to inactive, and persistently inactive...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#6
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796985/-sterile-leukocyturia-difficult-diagnostic-problem-in-children
#7
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Grażyna Krzemień
Sterile leukocyturia is an important and difficult clinical problem in children. In this paper, we described the most common nephrologic causes of sterile leukocyturia, including infectious, non-infectious and extrarenal etiology. We stressed an the importance of appropriate urine collection for urinalysis. There is a need for treatment of inflammation and also for diagnosis of potential anomalies of urethral orifice as causes of sterile leukocyturia in children.
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794871/bleeding-complications-post-ultrasound-guided-renal-biopsy-a-single-centre-experience-from-pakistan
#8
Rabeea Azmat, Abdul Basit Siddiqui, M Tahir Rizwan Khan, Shiyam Sunder, Waqar Kashif
INTRODUCTION: Renal biopsy is the diagnostic modality of choice for the diagnosis of renal parenchymal diseases. The advent of improved imaging techniques and biopsy needles over the years has increased the safety of the procedure and the ability to obtain adequate renal tissue for diagnosis. However, there is paucity of data in this regard from Pakistan. This study shall help in establishing the local perspective of the frequency of bleeding complications in percutaneous ultrasound guided renal biopsy...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794287/point-of-care-ultrasonography-is-it-time-nephrologists-were-equipped-with-the-21th-century-s-stethoscope
#9
Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Hamidreza Badeli
In the past 3 decades, ultrasonography has gifted internal organs visualization to physicians to have a better detection of various diseases. Previously performed solely by radiologists as a method with high feasibility and accuracy, recently ultrasonography is being recommended and used by many other physicians in practice. Ultrasonography not only can be used to diagnose and manage kidney diseases, but also is an essential tool in nephrology for the guidance of invasive procedures. This method of bedside ultrasonography by physicians in real time is called point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792165/acute-stylet-peritoneal-dialysis-in-acute-kidney-injury-the-soul-never-dies
#10
Amith Vijay Leon D'Souza, Nishad Raveendran, Rajendra Singh Tanwar, Piyush Kimmatkar, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjai Agarwal, Vinay Vinay
BACKGROUND: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) has a significant mortality rate. In developing countries, mortality due to AKI is high due to lack of access to dialysis facilities and related cost. The main goal of International Society of Nephrology (ISN) 0 by 25 initiative is to eliminate deaths due to AKI. Peritoneal dialysis is an underutilized modality in such a scenario. The aim of this study was to look into effectiveness of starting Acute stylet Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) in a resource constraint settings...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791867/evolution-of-newborns-urinary-metabolomic-profiles-according-to-age-and-growth
#11
Aurélien Scalabre, Elodie Jobard, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Clément Pontoizeau, Pierre Mouriquand, Bénédicte Elena-Herrmann, Pierre-Yves Mure
Improving the management of neonatal diseases and prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood requires a better comprehension of the complex maturational processes associated with newborns development. Urine-based metabolomic studies play a promising role in the fields of pediatrics and neonatology, relying on simple and non-invasive collection procedures while integrating a variety of factors such as genotype, nutritional state, lifestyle and diseases. Here, we investigate the influence of age, weight, height and gender on the urine metabolome during the first 4 months of life...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790130/perspective-on-nephrology-fellowship-in-the-united-states
#12
Michel Chonchol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790129/perspectives-on-the-nephrology-match-for-fellowship-applicants
#13
Michael J Ross, Gregory Braden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782147/adolescent-nephrology-an-emerging-frontier-for-kidney-care-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
REVIEW
Bianca Davidson, Ikechi Okpechi, Mignon McCulloch, Nicola Wearne
Adolescents make up a quarter of the world's population and are important users of health services. In South Africa little is known about the extent of renal disease or outcomes in this group. Adolescents are a vulnerable age group, due to their neurocognitive development, engagement in high-risk social activities, prevalence of mental illness and increasing rates of HIV infection. In Africa access to renal replacement therapy is rationed, therefore the focus of renal disease must be one of prevention rather than dealing with the management of end stage renal disease...
August 6, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770395/interventional-nephrology-current-status-and-clinical-impact-in-japan
#15
Masato Ikeda, Hiroyuki Terawaki, Eiichiro Kanda, Maiko Furuya, Yudo Tanno, Masatsugu Nakao, Yukio Maruyama, Masutaka Maeda, Chieko Higuchi, Tsutomu Sakurada, Tomohiro Kaneko, Hiroaki Io, Koji Hashimoto, Atsushi Ueda, Keita Hirano, Naoki Washida, Hiraku Yoshida, Kazuhiro Yoshikawa, Yoshihiro Taniyama, Kenji Harada, Nanae Matsuo, Ichiro Okido, Takashi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Current status and clinical significance of interventional nephrology has not been reported from Japan. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed twice to the directors of all 534 Japanese certificated nephrology training institutions in 2014. The main questions were current performance, categorized annual procedure volume and managers of peritoneal dialysis (PD) access, vascular access (VA) surgery, endovascular intervention, and kidney biopsy. Frequencies of nephrologist involvement between high volume center and low volume center and association between the level of nephrologists' involvement to each procedure and annual procedure volume were examined...
August 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766327/pathways-of-gram-negative-sepsis-evaluation-in-a-nephrology-unit
#16
Antonella De Simone, Maristella Bergantino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765167/standardized-outcomes-in-nephrology-peritoneal-dialysis-song-pd-study-protocol-for-establishing-a-core-outcome-set-in-pd
#17
Karine E Manera, Allison Tong, Jonathan C Craig, Edwina A Brown, Gillian Brunier, Jie Dong, Tony Dunning, Rajnish Mehrotra, Sarala Naicker, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Jeffrey Perl, Angela Y Wang, Martin Wilkie, Martin Howell, Benedicte Sautenet, Nicole Evangelidis, Jenny I Shen, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, approximately 11% of patients on dialysis receive peritoneal dialysis (PD). Whilst PD may offer more autonomy to patients compared with hemodialysis, patient and caregiver burnout, technique failure, and peritonitis remain major challenges to the success of PD. Improvements in care and outcomes are likely to be mediated by randomized trials of innovative therapies, but will be limited if the outcomes measured and reported are not important for patients and clinicians...
August 1, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762685/fabry-disease-in-southern-sardinia-epidemiological-results-from-screening-in-an-extensive-area
#18
Piergiorgio Bolasco, Irene Sitzia, Stefano Murtas
Introduction: Epidemiological data relating to the prevalence and incidence of Fabry disease (FD) and other Lysosomal Storage diseases (LSDs) are largely underestimated and not yet well known. Distribution of the disease varies according to geographical area and to ethnic origin. Heterozygous females are also at risk of contracting severe and multi-symptomatic forms of FD. Aim: To demonstrate the results obtained in outpatient surgeries situated in an area comprising 319,340 inhabitants...
August 1, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762679/-medicine-and-nephrology-from-social-networks
#19
Vincenzo Montinaro, Francesca Cianciotta, Vincenza Colucci, Vincenzo Di Leo, Pasquale Gallo, Marica Giliberti, Silvia Matino, Chiara Villani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762647/renal-histology-in-indigenous-australians-with-lupus-nephritis
#20
Farshad Ghazanfari, Zulfikar Jabbar, Johannes Nossent
BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a feared complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Renal biopsy is valuable to assess disease severity and prognosis, but no histological data are available for Indigenous Australians (IA). We compared histopathology between IA and non-IA patients (NI) with LN in northern Australia and describe main outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all patients with biopsy evidence of LN at Royal Darwin Hospital over a 10-year period...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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