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Ameen Barghi, Jane B Allendorfer, Edward Taub, Brent Womble, Jarrod M Hicks, Gitendra Uswatte, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Victor W Mark
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a method of physical rehabilitation that has demonstrated clinical efficacy in patients with chronic stroke, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial tested whether CIMT can also induce increases in white matter integrity in patients with MS. METHODS: Twenty adults with chronic hemiparetic MS were randomized to receive either CIMT or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment (reported in the first article of this pair)...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Robert Zivadinov, Niels Bergsland, Jesper Hagemeier, Ellen Carl, Hanna Kolb, David Hojnacki, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of teriflunomide on microstructural pathology in the gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM), as measured by changes in brain volume and diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: 30 relapsing MS patients and 20 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled in the study and followed prospectively for 12 months with clinical and 3T MRI examinations. Of those, 26 MS patients and 18 HCs completed the 6-month and 22 MS and 16 HCs patients the 12-month follow-up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Qian Sun, Guan-Qun Chen, Xi-Bin Wang, Ying Yu, Yu-Chuan Hu, Lin-Feng Yan, Xin Zhang, Yang Yang, Jin Zhang, Bin Liu, Cong-Cong Wang, Yi Ma, Wen Wang, Ying Han, Guang-Bin Cui
Aims : To investigate the white matter (WM) integrity and hippocampal functional connectivity (FC) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), respectively. Methods : Twelve T2DM patients without MCI and 24 age, sex and education matched healthy controls (HC) were recruited. DTI and rs-fMRI data were subsequently acquired on a 3.0T MR scanner. Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) combining region of interests (ROIs) analysis was used to investigate the alterations of DTI metrics (fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), λ1 and λ23 ) and FC measurement was performed to calculate hippocampal FC with other brain regions...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Lingli Li, Wenliang Fan, Jun Li, Quanlin Li, Jin Wang, Yang Fan, Tianhe Ye, Jialun Guo, Sen Li, Youpeng Zhang, Yongbiao Cheng, Yong Tang, Hanqing Zeng, Lian Yang, Zhaohui Zhu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cerebral structural changes related to venous erectile dysfunction (VED) and the relationship of these changes to clinical symptoms and disorder duration and distinguish patients with VED from healthy controls using a machine learning classification. METHODS: 45 VED patients and 50 healthy controls were included. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM), tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and correlation analyses of VED patients and clinical variables were performed...
March 29, 2018: European Radiology
Robert Zivadinov, Niels Bergsland, Jesper Hagemeier, Eleonora Tavazzi, Deepa P Ramasamy, Jackie Durfee, Mariya Cherneva, Ellen Carl, Jillian Carl, Channa Kolb, David Hojnacki, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
BACKGROUND: Glatiramer acetate (GA) 40 mg × 3/weekly was approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). While the beneficial effect of GA 20 mg/daily in MS patients on non-conventional MRI measures has been demonstrated, the effect of GA 40 mg × 3/weekly at the microstructural tissue level has yet to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of switching from GA 20 mg/daily to GA 40 mg × 3/weekly on the evolution of microstructural changes in the thalamus and normal appearing white matter (NAWM), using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Jonathan Repple, Nils Opel, Susanne Meinert, Ronny Redlich, Tim Hahn, Nils R Winter, Claas Kaehler, Daniel Emden, Ramona Leenings, Dominik Grotegerd, Dario Zaremba, Christian Bürger, Katharina Förster, Katharina Dohm, Verena Enneking, Elisabeth J Leehr, Joscha Böhnlein, Greta Karliczek, Walter Heindel, Harald Kugel, Jochen Bauer, Volker Arolt, Udo Dannlowski
Obesity has been associated with a variety of neurobiological alterations. Recent neuroimaging research has pointed to the relevance of brain structural and functional alterations in the development of obesity. However, while the role of gray matter atrophy in obesity has been evidenced in several well powered studies, large scale evidence for altered white matter integrity in obese subjects is still absent. With this study, we therefore aimed to investigate potential associations between white matter abnormalities and body mass index (BMI) in two large independent samples of healthy adults...
March 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Dan Li, Shenghong Li, Xianjun Zeng
Objective This study was performed to investigate structural abnormalities of the white matter in patients with comitant exotropia using the tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) method. Methods Diffusion tensor imaging data from magnetic resonance images of the brain were collected from 20 patients with comitant exotropia and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The FMRIB Software Library was used to compute the diffusion measures, including fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Ana Filipa Geraldo, João Pereira, Pedro Nunes, Sofia Reimão, Rita Sousa, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Susana Pinto, Jorge Guedes Campos, Mamede de Carvalho
PURPOSE: This paper aims to analyze the contribution of mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) in the detection of microstructural abnormalities in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to evaluate the degree of agreement between structural and functional changes through concomitant diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and clinical assessment. METHODS: Fourteen patients with ALS and 11 healthy, age- and gender-matched controls were included...
March 22, 2018: Neuroradiology
Evgeny J Chumin, Joaquín Goñi, Meredith E Halcomb, Timothy C Durazzo, Mario Džemidžić, Karmen K Yoder
BACKGROUND: Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) has been widely used to investigate the integrity of white matter (WM; indexed by fractional anisotropy, FA) in alcohol dependence and cigarette smoking. These disorders are highly comorbid, yet cigarette use has often not been adequately controlled in neuroimaging studies of alcohol dependent populations. In addition, information on white matter deficits in currently drinking, nontreatment-seeking (NTS) individuals with alcohol dependence is limited...
March 15, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Cheima Bouziane, Matthan W A Caan, Hyke G H Tamminga, Anouk Schrantee, Marco A Bottelier, Michiel B de Ruiter, Sandra J J Kooij, Liesbeth Reneman
Several diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have shown a delay in brain white matter (WM) development. Because these studies were mainly conducted in children and adolescents, these WM abnormalities have been assumed, but not proven to progress into adulthood. To provide further insight in the natural history of WM maturation delay in ADHD, we here investigated the modulating effect of age on WM in children and adults. 120 stimulant-treatment naive male ADHD children (10-12 years of age) and adults (23-40 years of age) with ADHD (according to DSM-IV; all subtypes) were included, along with 23 age and gender matched controls...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Hua Zhou, Yan Tang, Zhi Yuan
White matter (WM) asymmetries of the human brain have been well documented using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The purpose of this study was to investigate white matter asymmetry across the whole brain in cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) patients and evaluate the relation between the factors which often represent disease's existence and white matter asymmetry. A total of 105 nondemented elderly with cerebral SVD patients aged between 60 and 85 years were included in this study. All participants underwent T1 MPRAGE, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and DTI scanning...
2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Steven H Baete, Jingyun Chen, Ying-Chia Lin, Xiuyuan Wang, Ricardo Otazo, Fernando E Boada
A novel approach is presented for group statistical analysis of diffusion weighted MRI datasets through voxelwise Orientation Distribution Functions (ODF). Recent advances in MRI acquisition make it possible to use high quality diffusion weighted protocols (multi-shell, large number of gradient directions) for routine in vivo study of white matter architecture. The dimensionality of these data sets is however often reduced to simplify statistical analysis. While these approaches may detect large group differences, they do not fully capitalize on all acquired image volumes...
March 8, 2018: NeuroImage
Kye Hoon Park, Won-Ho Chung, Hunki Kwon, Jong-Min Lee
This study compared white matter development in prelingually deaf and normal-hearing children using a tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) method. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed in 21 prelingually deaf (DEAF group) and 20 normal-hearing (HEAR group) subjects aged from 1.7 to 7.7 years. Using TBSS, we evaluated the regions of significant difference in fractional anisotropy (FA) between the groups. Correlations between FA values and age in each group were also analyzed using voxel-wise correlation analyses on the TBSS skeleton...
2018: BioMed Research International
Rossana Ganzola, Andrew M McIntosh, Thomas Nickson, Emma Sprooten, Mark E Bastin, Stephen Giles, Alix Macdonald, Jessika Sussmann, Simon Duchesne, Heather C Whalley
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders are familial psychiatric diseases, in which patients show reduced white matter (WM) integrity. We sought to determine whether WM integrity was affected in young offspring at high-familial risk of mood disorder before they go on to develop major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The Bipolar Family study is a prospective longitudinal study examining young individuals (age 16-25 years) at familial risk of mood disorder on three occasions 2 years apart...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Philipp Stämpfli, Stefan Sommer, David Czell, Sebastian Kozerke, Christoph Neuwirth, Markus Weber, Sabine Sartoretti-Schefer, Erich Seifritz, Andreas Gutzeit, Carolin Reischauer
In the current work two novel parameters, fiber density (FD) and mean diffusion signal (MDS) are investigated for evaluating neurodegenerative processes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The MDS provides a measure of the FD but is derived directly from the diffusion signal. Using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS), pathological changes across the entire white matter and changes in the parameters over time were evaluated. The results were related to those obtained using the fractional anisotropy (FA) value...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
Michelle Silver, Constance M Moore, Vanessa Villamarin, Nina Jaitly, Janet E Hall, Anthony J Rothschild, Kristina M Deligiannidis
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies in depression show decreased structural connectivity in the left anterior limb of the internal capsule and the genu of the corpus callosum but no such studies exist in peripartum depression (PPD), which affects 1 in 8 women. We analyzed fractional anisotropy (FA) as a measure of white matter integrity of these two tracts using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). We then conducted an exploratory whole-brain analysis to identify additional regions implicated in PPD. Seventy-five pregnant, medication-free women were evaluated with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Structured Clinical Interview (SCID) for DSM-IV-TR in pregnancy and in the postpartum...
February 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Diane F van Rappard, Marsh Königs, Marjan E Steenweg, Jaap Jan Boelens, Jaap Oosterlaan, Marjo S van der Knaap, Nicole I Wolf, Petra J W Pouwels
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to gain more insight into the pathomechanisms of metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD), by comparing magnitude and direction of diffusion between patients and controls at diagnosis and during follow-up. METHODS: Four late-infantile, 16 juvenile and 8 adult onset MLD patients [of which 13 considered eligible for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)] and 47 controls were examined using diffusion tensor imaging. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD) and radial diffusivity (RD) were quantified and compared between groups using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS)...
March 2018: Journal of Neurology
Rui Zhang, Frauke Beyer, Leonie Lampe, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Markus Loeffler, Matthias L Schroeter, Michael Stumvoll, Arno Villringer, A Veronica Witte
Obesity has been linked with structural and functional brain changes. However, the impact of obesity on brain and cognition in aging remains debatable, especially for white matter. We therefore aimed to determine the effects of obesity on white matter microstructure and potential implications for cognition in a well-characterized large cohort of healthy adults. In total, 1255 participants (50% females, 19-80 years, BMI 16.8-50.2 kg/m2 ) with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging at 3T were analysed...
May 15, 2018: NeuroImage
Yulia Surova, Markus Nilsson, Björn Lampinen, Jimmy Lätt, Sara Hall, Håkan Widner, Danielle van Westen, Oskar Hansson
PURPOSE: In Parkinson's disease (PD), pathological microstructural changes occur that may be detected using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). However, there are few longitudinal studies that explore the effect of disease progression on diffusion indices. METHODS: We prospectively included 76 patients with PD and 38 healthy controls (HC), all of whom underwent diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) as part of the prospective Swedish BioFINDER study at baseline and 2 years later...
January 24, 2018: Neuroradiology
Lubin Wang, Yi Yang, Shanshan Chen, Mingmei Ge, Jianghong He, Zheng Yang, Pan Lin, Xinhuai Wu
Previous studies have suggested that white matter disruption plays an important role in disorders of consciousness (DOC) after severe brain injury. Nevertheless, the integrity of white matter architecture supporting consciousness and its relations with clinical severity in patients with DOC remain to be established. In this study, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data was collected from 14 DOC patients and 15 healthy control subjects. We combined tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) with region of interest (ROI) analysis to examine differences of DTI metrics on white matter skeletons between DOC patients and healthy controls, and the association between white matter integrity and patients' residual consciousness assessed by Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R)...
January 23, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
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