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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333135/bre-modulates-granulosa-cell-death-to-affect-ovarian-follicle-development-and-atresia-in-the-mouse
#1
Cheung Kwan Yeung, Guang Wang, Yao Yao, Jianxin Liang, Cheuk Yiu Tenny Chung, Manli Chuai, Kenneth Ka Ho Lee, Xuesong Yang
The BRE (brain and reproductive expression) gene, highly expressed in nervous and reproductive system organs, plays an important role in modulating DNA damage repair under stress response and pathological conditions. Folliculogenesis, a process that ovarian follicle develops into maturation, is closely associated with the interaction between somatic granulosa cell and oocyte. However, the regulatory role of BRE in follicular development remains undetermined. In this context, we found that BRE is normally expressed in the oocytes and granulosa cells from the primordial follicle stage...
March 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324045/ring-finger-protein-6-mediates-androgen-induced-granulosa-cell-proliferation-and-follicle-growth-via-modulation-of-androgen-receptor-signaling
#2
Jung Jin Lim, Chae Young Han, Dong Ryul Lee, Benjamin K Tsang
The destiny of the ovarian follicle (growth or atresia) is tightly regulated by actions and interactions of endocrine, paracrine and autocrine factors. Although androgens are known to be important in the regulation of folliculogenesis, whether they facilitate or suppress follicular growth has been controversial and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Moreover, the role and regulation of its receptor (AR) in mediating androgen signaling during follicular development is not clear. Here, we report that the active androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) up-regulates the expression of AR and its E3 ligase Ring Finger Protein 6 (RNF6), increasing site-specific AR polyubiquitination and AR transcriptional activity for sKit-L expression in preantral follicle growth...
January 30, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261870/development-and-fate-of-the-postovulatory-follicle-complex-postovulatory-follicle-and-observations-on-folliculogenesis-and-oocyte-atresia-in-ovulated-common-snook-centropomus-undecimalis-bloch-1792
#3
Harry J Grier, Carole L Neidig, Irani Quagio-Grassiotto
The common snook, Centropomus undecimalis, was induced to ovulate using a time-release, GnRH analogue. Ovulation occurred the afternoon or evening the day after hormone administration. The time of ovulation was established within half an hour. At ovulation, three fish per time-group were divided into 0, 6, 12, 18 hr and one thru five days post-ovulation to study changes in the postovulatory follicle complex (POC). Histology of the ovaries revealed changes in the POC, postovulatory follicle (POF) and oocyte atresia through five days post-ovulation...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182010/microrna-144-is-regulated-by-cp2-and-decreases-cox-2-expression-and-pge2-production-in-mouse-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#4
Jiawei Zhou, Bin Lei, Huanan Li, Lihua Zhu, Lei Wang, Hu Tao, Shuqi Mei, Fenge Li
Mammalian folliculogenesis is a complex process in which primordial follicles develop into pre-ovulatory follicles, followed by ovulation to release mature oocytes. In this study, we explored the role of miR-144 in ovulation. miR-144 was one of the differentially expressed microRNAs, which showed 5.59-fold changes, in pre-ovulatory ovarian follicles between Large White and Chinese Taihu sows detected by Solexa deep sequencing. We demonstrated that overexpression of miR-144 significantly decreased the luciferase reporter activity under the control of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) or mothers against decapentaplegic homologue 4 (Smad4) 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and suppressed COX-2 and Smad4 expression...
February 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165147/a-review-on-the-morphology-of-ovarian-follicles-in-elasmobranchs-a-case-study-in-rhizoprionodon-taylori
#5
REVIEW
Daniela S Waltrick, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Cynthia A Awruch
The identification of the elasmobranch secondary ovarian follicles and their function can be challenging and the inconsistent use of terminology derived from other taxa is a matter of ongoing debate. In this study, the available information on the histology of the elasmobranch secondary ovarian follicles derived from atresia (preovulatory follicles) or ovulation (postovulatory follicles) is reviewed highlighting their morphology and steroidogenic capacity. Based on this literature review, the ovarian follicles of the Australian sharpnose shark Rhizoprionodon taylori were classified according to their preovulatory or postovulatory origin...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154111/molecular-evidence-that-follicle-development-is-accelerated-in-vitro-compared-to-in-vivo
#6
Véronique Cadoret, Cynthia Frapsauce, Peggy Jarrier, Virginie Maillard, Agnès Bonnet, Yann Locatelli, Dominique Royère, Danielle Monniaux, Fabrice Guérif, Philippe Monget
In this study we systematically compared the morphological, functional and molecular characteristics of granulosa cells and oocytes obtained by a three-dimensional in vitro model of ovine ovarian follicular growth with those of follicles recovered in vivo Preantral follicles of 200 µm diameter were recovered and cultured up to 950 µm over a 20-day period. Compared with in vivo follicles, the in vitro culture conditions maintained follicle survival, with no difference in the rate of atresia. However, the in vitro conditions induced a slight decrease in oocyte growth rate, delayed antrum formation and increased granulosa cell proliferation rate, accompanied by an increase and decrease in CCND2 and CDKN1A mRNA expression, respectively...
February 2, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144637/induction-of-fas-mediated-apoptosis-by-interferon-%C3%AE-is-dependent-on-granulosa-cell-differentiation-and-follicular-maturation-in-the-rat-ovary
#7
Hye-Jeong Lee, Ji Young Kim, Ji Eun Park, Yong-Dal Yoon, Benjamin K Tsang, Jong-Min Kim
Fas ligand (FasL) and its receptor Fas have been implicated in granulosa cell apoptosis during follicular atresia. Although interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) is believed to be involved in the regulation Fas expression in differentiated granulosa or granulosa-luteal cells, the expression of this cytokine and its role in the regulation of the granulosa cell Fas/FasL system and apoptosis during follicular maturation have not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, we have examined the presence of IFN-γ in ovarian follicles at different stage of development by immunohistochemistry and related their relative intensities with follicular expression of Fas and FasL, and with differences in granulosa cell sensitivity to Fas activation by exogenous agonistic Anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (Fas mAb)...
December 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132978/positive-correlations-of-age-and-parity-with-plasma-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-concentrations-in-japanese-black-cows
#8
Motoya Koizumi, Hiroya Kadokawa
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is secreted from the preantral and small antral follicles. It regulates follicle development and inhibits follicular atresia. This study examined how age, parity, and time after parturition affect plasma AMH concentrations in Japanese Black cows. We measured plasma AMH concentrations in primiparous, secundiparous, and multiparous (third parity or higher) cows at four time points: day 2 (day 0 = parturition), day 8, 2 days before first postpartum ovulation (pre-1stOv), and 12 days after first ovulation (post-1stOV)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100484/atf6-knock-down-decreases-apoptosis-arrests-the-s-phase-of-the-cell-cycle-and-increases-steroid-hormone-production-in-mouse-granulosa-cells
#9
Yongjie Xiong, Huatao Chen, Pengfei Lin, Aihua Wang, Lei Wang, Yaping Jin
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is an important factor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway. The aim of this study was to assess the role of ATF6 in mouse granulosa cells with respect to apoptosis, the cell cycle, and steroid hormone production, as well as several key genes related to follicular development, via RNA interference, immunohistochemical staining, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, flow cytometry, TUNEL assay, and ELISA. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that ATF6 was extensively distributed in the granulosa cells of various ovarian follicles and oocytes in adult female mice...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067781/gestational-zearalenone-exposure-causes-reproductive-and-developmental-toxicity-in-pregnant-rats-and-female-offspring
#10
Xin Gao, Lvhui Sun, Niya Zhang, Chong Li, Jiacai Zhang, Zhuohui Xiao, Desheng Qi
Zearalenone (ZEN) is an oestrogenic mycotoxin commonly found in food and feed products and can affect reproduction and development in both humans and animals. This study aimed to determine the toxic effects of ZEN on maternal SD rats and the F1 female offspring. Sixty-four pregnant rats were divided into 4 groups and exposed to feed contaminated with ZEN (0, 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg feed) on gestational days (GDs) 0-21. Compared with the controls, the groups exposed to 10 and 20 mg/kg ZEN showed significantly decreased feed intake and body weight of pregnant rats and/or female offspring...
January 5, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013214/effects-of-an-environmentally-relevant-phthalate-mixture-on-cultured-mouse-antral-follicles
#11
Changqing Zhou, Jodi A Flaws
Phthalates are used in building materials, medical devices, and personal care products. Most studies on phthalates have focused on single phthalates, but it is important to study mixtures of phthalates because humans are exposed to such mixtures daily. We tested the hypothesis that phthalate mixture exposure decreases antral follicle growth, compromises steroidogenic capacity, and induces atresia. Antral follicles from adult CD-1 mice were cultured with vehicle control or phthalate mixture (1-500 μg/ml) for 96 hours...
December 24, 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993358/involvement-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-their-inhibitors-in-bovine-cystic-ovarian-disease
#12
M B Peralta, M E Baravalle, E M Belotti, A F Stassi, N R Salvetti, H H Ortega, F Rey, M M L Velázquez
The most important regulators of tissue remodelling during ovarian follicular growth, development, ovulation and atresia are gonadotropins, steroid hormones, growth factors and different proteolytic enzymes. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as collagenase or gelatinase (i.e. MMP-1, -8, -2 and -9) and associated tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1, -2, -3 and -4) control connective tissue remodelling during follicular rupture. In this study, we hypothesized that an imbalance in the MMP-TIMP system may be an intra-ovarian component that contributes to the pathogenesis of cystic ovarian disease (COD) in cows...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940565/differentially-expressed-genes-and-gene-networks-involved-in-pig-ovarian-follicular-atresia
#13
Elena Terenina, Stephane Fabre, Agnes Bonnet, Danielle Monniaux, Christele Robert-Granie, Magali SanCristobal, Julien Sarry, Florence Vignoles, Florence Gondret, Philippe Monget, Gwenola Tosser-Klopp
Ovarian folliculogenesis corresponds to the development of follicles leading to either ovulation or degeneration, this latter process being called atresia. Even if atresia involves apoptosis, its mechanism is not well-understood. The objective of this project was to analyse global gene expression in pig granulosa cells of ovarian follicles during atresia. The transcriptome analysis was performed using 9216 cDNAs microarray to identify gene networks and candidate genes involved in pig ovarian follicular atresia...
December 9, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901103/fsh-protects-mouse-granulosa-cells-from-oxidative-damage-by-repressing-mitophagy
#14
Ming Shen, Yi Jiang, Zhiqiang Guan, Yan Cao, Shao-Chen Sun, Honglin Liu
Oxidative stress has been implicated in triggering granulosa cell (GC) death during follicular atresia. Recent studies suggested that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) has a pivotal role in protecting GCs from oxidative injury, although the exact mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we report that FSH promotes GC survival by inhibiting oxidative stress-induced mitophagy. The loss of GC viability caused by oxidative stress was significantly reduced after FSH treatment, which was correlated with impaired activation of mitophagy upon oxidative stress...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882941/tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-controls-fshr-signaling-reduced-ovarian-granulosa-cell-apoptosis-through-the-smad4-mir-143-axis
#15
Xing Du, Lifan Zhang, Xinyu Li, Zengxiang Pan, Honglin Liu, Qifa Li
Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and its intracellular signaling control mammalian follicular development and female infertility. Our previous study showed that FSHR is downregulated during follicular atresia of porcine ovaries. However, its role and regulation in follicular atresia remain unclear. Here, we showed that FSHR knockdown induced porcine granulosa cell (pGC) apoptosis and follicular atresia, and attenuated the levels of intracellular signaling molecules such as PKA, AKT and p-AKT. FSHR was identified as a target of miR-143, a microRNA that was upregulated during porcine follicular atresia...
November 24, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821562/oxidative-stress-in-granulosa-lutein-cells-from-in-vitro-fertilization-patients
#16
Julio Ávila, Rebeca González-Fernández, Deborah Rotoli, Jairo Hernández, Angela Palumbo
Ovarian aging is associated with gradual follicular loss by atresia/apoptosis. Increased production of toxic metabolites such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species as well as external oxidant agents plays an important role in the process of ovarian senescence and in the pathogenesis of ovarian pathologies such as endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This review provides a synthesis of available studies of oxidative stress (OS) in the ovary, focusing on the most recent evidence obtained in mural granulosa-lutein (GL) cells of in vitro fertilization patients...
December 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821561/the-ovarian-renin-angiotensin-system-ovras-a-major-factor-in-ovarian-function-and-disease
#17
Angela Palumbo, Julio Ávila, Frederick Naftolin
This contribution summarizes the pivotal role of the ovarian renin-angiotensin system (OVRAS) in ovarian physiology and disease, with particular emphasis on human clinical implications and established translational applications. The presence of a complete OVRAS in all studied species has been known for decades. The OVRAS has major effects on follicle development/atresia and ovulation and steroid hormone secretion, that is, it is necessary for normal reproduction. It is well established that OVRAS activity is regulated by gonadotropins and depends on activation of proteases in the area of growing follicles...
December 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761969/the-possible-fat1-mediated-apoptotic-pathways-in-porcine-cumulus-cells
#18
Xinhui Wu, Yao Fu, Xulei Sun, Chang Liu, Menglong Chai, Chengzhen Chen, Lisheng Dai, Yan Gao, Hao Jiang, Jiabao Zhang
Porcine cumulus cells are localized around oocytes and act as a specific type of granulosa that plays essential roles in the development and maturation of oocytes, the development and atresia of follicles, and the development of embryos. Studies of FAT1 have demonstrated its functions in cell-cell contact, actin dynamics, and cell growth suppression. To understand whether the FAT1 gene affects the apoptosis of porcine cumulus cells and to elucidate the mechanism of this potential action, FAT1 was knocked down using RNA interference...
January 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752308/characterization-of-blood-flow-and-the-effects-of-exogenous-estradiol-benzoate-on-residual-follicles-formed-after-ultrasound-guided-transvaginal-follicle-aspiration-in-cattle
#19
Alberto Mansur Ghetti, Luiz Gustavo Bruno Siqueira, Eduardo Kenji Nunes Arashiro, Miller Pereira Palhao, Felipe Zandonadi Brandao, Joao Henrique Moreira Viana
BACKGROUND: Removal of the follicular content by ultrasound-guided transvaginal follicle aspiration (TVFA) may fail to induce immediate atresia and loss of function, resulting in the occurrence of residual follicles (RF). The aims of this study were to characterize the blood flow in RF and to determine the effects of the treatment with estradiol benzoate on RF fate. Lactating, cyclic Holstein-Gir crossbred cows were used. In Experiment 1, follicular wave emergence (D0) was synchronized in cows (n = 10) and follicular growth was then monitored by transrectal ultrasonography from D0 to D8, followed by TVFA of the largest follicle present on the ovaries 24 h later...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746409/an-immortalized-steroidogenic-goat-granulosa-cell-line-as-a-model-system-to-study-the-effect-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-er-stress-response-on-steroidogenesis
#20
Diqi Yang, Lei Wang, Pengfei Lin, Tingting Jiang, Nan Wang, Fan Zhao, Huatao Chen, Keqiong Tang, Dong Zhou, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
With granulosa and theca cells, the ovaries are responsible for producing oocytes and secreting sex steroids such as estrogen and progesterone. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) plays an important role in follicle atresia and embryo implantation. In this study, goat granulosa cells were isolated from medium-sized (4-6 mm) healthy follicles. Primary granulosa cells were immortalized by transfection with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) to establish a goat granulosa cell line (hTERT-GGCs). These hTERT-GGCs expressed hTERT and had relatively long telomeres at passage 50...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
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