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STEMI risk factor

Jing Zhang, Chengyu Liu, Chenliang Pan, Ming Bai, Jin Zhang, Yu Peng, Dingchang Zheng, Zheng Zhang
Recurrent angina (RA) has an important influence on health status of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study aimed to retrospectively investigate the effect of multiple clinical factors on both short-term and long-term development of RA.A total of 398 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients were studied for up to 12 months. The primary clinical outcome, RA, was assessed at 1-month and 12-month. In multivariate analyses, the effect of clinical factors, including baseline demographics, medical history, infarction-related arteries, procedural characteristics of PCI, and the use of medicines, was investigated in patients with and without RA...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Trinath Kumar Mishra, Biswajit Das
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is rising in epidemic proportions with India not being an exception. CAD in Indian scenario has its onset at a younger age with multitude of risk factors. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to obtain complete information about demographic profile, risk factors, clinical scenario, therapeutic modalities, natural course, outcome and changing profile of acute ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 45,122 acute STEMI patients admitted 1st March 1990 to 1st March 2014...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
A I Macfarlane, D Rudd, E Knight, L A G Marshman, E P Guazzo, D S Anderson
: Prior studies have suggested that elevated serum Troponin-I (TnI) levels immediately after non-cardiac surgical procedures (8-40%) represent subclinical cardiac stress which independently predicts increased 30-day mortality. Routine post-operative TnI monitoring has therefore been suggested as a standard of care. However, no prior studies have focussed on elective degenerative spine surgery, whilst few have measured pre-op TnI. Further, prolonged prone positioning could represent an additional, independent, cardiac stress...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Ioannis Vogiatzis, Irena Dapcevic, Antonis Datsios, Kostas Koutsambasopoulos, Argirios Gontopoulos, Savas Grigoriadis
INTRODUCTION: The propeptide of brain natriuretic peptide (ProBNP) is used for the diagnosis of left ventricle dysfunction and heart failure. In patients with an Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) it can contribute to both short and long term prognosis of cardiovascular events that could be very important for management and therapy of these patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of ProBNP for the clinical course after an acute coronary syndrome, compared with that of cardiac troponine T (cTnT) and the risk stratification of patients with acute coronary syndrome, both during hospitalization and six months later...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Batric Popovic, Nicolas Girerd, Patrick Rossignol, Nelly Agrinier, Edoardo Camenzind, Renaud Fay, Bertram Pitt, Faiez Zannad
The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score remains a robust prediction tool for short-term and midterm outcome in the patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the validity of this risk score in patients with STEMI with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) remains unclear. A total of 2,854 patients with STEMI with early coronary revascularization participating in the randomized EPHESUS (Epleronone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study) trial were analyzed...
August 22, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Fei Song, Mengyue Yu, Jingang Yang, Haiyan Xu, Yanyan Zhao, Wei Li, Dewei Wu, Zhifang Wang, Qingsheng Wang, Xiaojin Gao, Yang Wang, Rui Fu, Yi Sun, Runlin Gao, Yuejin Yang
Animal and imaging study evidence favors early reperfusion for acute myocardial infarction. However, in clinical trials, the effect of symptom-onset-to-balloon (S2B) time on clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has been inconsistent. Moreover, there are few data regarding the ischemic time in China. A total of 3,877 consecutive patients with STEMI with available S2B time undergoing pPCI from January 2013 to September 2014 at 108 hospitals that participated in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry were included and stratified into 3 S2B groups: <6 hours, 6 to 12 hours, >12 hours S2B time was tested in multivariate logistic regression analyses as an independent risk factor of mortality (primary outcome), major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and impaired myocardial perfusion (secondary outcomes)...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
John F O Sullivan, Antoinette Neylon, Catherine McGorrian, Gavin J Blake
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, have been implicated as regulators of all mediators of atherosclerosis, and some reports have suggested increased levels in coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the potential of miRNAs as biomarkers or predictors of disease remains to be established. METHODS: We designed a study comprising 150 patients (50 Control, 50 Stable CAD, and 50 ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)), and measured plasma miRNAs in each...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Alessandra M Campos, Andrea Placido-Sposito, Wladimir M Freitas, Filipe A Moura, Maria Elena Guariento, Wilson Nadruz, Emilio H Moriguchi, Andrei C Sposito
BACKGROUND: Despite the high incidence and mortality of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) among the very elderly, risk markers for this condition remain poorly defined. This study was designed to identify independent markers of STEMI among individuals carefully selected for being healthy or manifesting STEMI in < 24 h. METHODS: We enrolled participants aged 80 years or older of whom 50 were STEMI patients and 207 had never manifested cardiovascular diseases...
December 2016: BBA Clinical
Józefa Dąbek, Mariusz Bałys, Michał Majewski, Zbigniew T Gąsior
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are heterogeneous individuals with different clinical status compared to patients without DM. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the group of diabetic patients with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation infarction (NSTEMI) including risk factors, medical history, laboratory findings, advancement of coronary vessel atherosclerosis, and diagnostics and therapeutic modalities performed...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Lucy McGrath-Cadell, Pamela McKenzie, Sam Emmanuel, David W M Muller, Robert M Graham, Cameron J Holloway
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon but serious condition presenting as an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or cardiac arrest. The pathophysiology and outcomes are poorly understood. We investigated the characteristics and outcomes of patients presenting with SCAD. METHODS: In a retrospective study of a large cohort of patients with SCAD, data were collected regarding clinical presentation, patient characteristics, vascular screening, coronary artery involvement and clinical outcomes...
2016: Open Heart
Etienne Puymirat, François Schiele, Marianne Zeller, Laurent Jacquemin, Florence Leclercq, Xavier Marcaggi, Jean Ferrières, Tabassome Simon, Nicolas Danchin
BACKGROUND: Few clinical trials have focused on populations with a history of distant myocardial infarction (MI). The PEGASUS trial assessed the impact of dual antiplatelet therapy in such patients, selected by enrichment criteria of high cardiovascular risk. Whether the PEGASUS population reflects the risk of a broader post-MI population is questionable. We analyzed whether 4-year mortality of a routine-practice population would differ according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria used in PEGASUS...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Adil Hassan Alhusseiny, Marwan S M Al-Nimer, Farook I Mohammad, Saad Ahmed Ali Jadoo
BACKGROUND: Serum annexin A5 (anxA5) level is significantly increased in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Hematological indices are significantly increased in patients with ischemic heart disease. This study aimed to demonstrate the changes in the distribution of blood cells and the levels of anxA5 in patients presented with significant low ejection fraction ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) in comparison with corresponding patients with ischemic heart disease. METHODS: Patients with low ejection fraction presenting at Hospital of Diyala University of Iraq were enrolled...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Charles J Lenz, Sahar S Abdelmoneim, Nandan S Anavekar, Thomas A Foley, Lara F Nhola, Runqing Huang, Jae K Oh, Sharon L Mulvagh
PURPOSE: Infarct mass as assessed by myocardial-delayed enhancement imaging on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and myocardial blood flow as assessed by real time myocardial perfusion echocardiography (RT-MPE) have been shown to predict adverse events following ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). There has been no published comparison of quantitative assessment using these modalities as predictors of clinical outcomes to date. We compared RT-MPE with CMR for prediction of cardiac events in reperfused STEMI patients...
August 21, 2016: Echocardiography
Abdulhalim Jamal Kinsara, Jamilah Saad Alrahimi, Oyindamola B Yusuf
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical features, management, and in-hospital outcomes of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A total of 71 patients were enrolled in a longitudinal study at a tertiary hospital without cardiac catheterization facility. These data were collected from Saudi Project for Assessment of Coronary Events registry. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with STEMI were compared to 48 patients with NSTEACS...
July 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Mohammed Albrahim, Amjad M Ahmed, Abdulrahman Alwakeel, Faisal Hijji, Mouaz H Al-Mallah
BACKGROUND: Early treatment of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is essential to improve survival of these patients. However, not all patients present early enough to receive optimal treatment especially in third world countries. Social factors affecting early vs. late treatment have not been studied, particularly in the Middle East. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the social factors associated with delayed presentation of STEMI patients. METHODS: All patients with STEMI presenting to King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center (KACC) between October 2013 and July 2014 were approached...
2016: Qatar Medical Journal
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Amit Goel, Amit Madaan, Ramesh Thakur, Vinay Krishna, Karandeep Singh, Mohit Sachan, Umeshwar Pandey, Chandra Mohan Varma
BACKGROUND: Data of isolated metabolic syndrome as risk factor in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) especially in context to Indian subcontinent are sparse. Therefore, we studied the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and its clinical and angiographic profile in naive ACS patients in North Indian population. METHODS: A single-center, prospective, observational study of 324 patients was conducted at LPS Institute of Cardiology, G.S.V.M...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Beatrice Ricci, Olivia Manfrini, Edina Cenko, Zorana Vasiljevic, Maria Dorobantu, Sasko Kedev, Goran Davidovic, Marija Zdravkovic, Olivija Gustiene, Božidarka Knežević, Davor Miličić, Lina Badimon, Raffaele Bugiardini
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the outcome of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in octogenarian patients, as the elderly are under-represented in randomized trials. This study aims to provide insights on clinical characteristics, management and outcome of the elderly and very elderly presenting with STEMI. METHODS: 2225 STEMI patients ≥70years old (mean age 76.8±5.1years and 53.8% men) were admitted into the network of the ISACS-TC registry...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Mohamed Shokr, Ahmed Rashed, Kusum Lata, Ashok Kondur
Drug induced myocardial infarction is a known entity with different forms of steroids linked to coronary artery disease (CAD) either through promoting its traditional risk factors, inducing coronary spasm, or by other unidentified mechanisms. Dexamethasone is known to promote an atherogenic and hypercoagulable state. We report a case of a 75-year-old woman who had ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) associated with dexamethasone use just 4 days following an angiogram showing minor luminal irregularities...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
Ramūnas Unikas, Povilas Budrys
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare various parameters between complete and incomplete ST-segment resolution (STR) patients' groups and to identify associates of STR in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) (primary outcome). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 203 consecutive patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of STR: <70% (incomplete) and ≥70% (complete resolution) 5-15min after the PPCI...
2016: Medicina
Xue-Bin Wang, Ya-di Han, Shrestha Sabina, Ning-Hua Cui, Shuai Zhang, Ze-Jin Liu, Cong Li, Fang Zheng
A previous genome-wide association study showed that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2107595 in histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) gene was associated with large artery stroke (LAS) in Caucasians. Based on the similar atherosclerotic pathogenesis between LAS and coronary artery disease (CAD), we aimed to evaluate the associations of SNP rs2107595 with CAD risk and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis in a Chinese Han population, and explore the potential gene-environment interactions among SNP rs2107595 and conventional CAD risk factors...
2016: PloS One
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