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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903392/-resuscitation-efficacy-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-non-postcardiotomy-adult-patients-with-cardiac-arrest
#1
L Huang, Y W Liu, T Li, X M Hu, D W Duan, P Wu
Objective: To evaluate the resuscitation efficacy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for non-postcardiotomy cardiac arrest adult patients post failed conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a total of 25 consecutive adults who suffered from non-postcardiotomy cardiac arrest and were treated with ECMO post failed CCPR in our hospital between January 2010 and January 2015. Inclusion criteria included: 18 to 75 years old; the duration from cardiac arrest to CCPR initiation<5 minutes; no recovery of spontaneous circulation within 10 min after implementation of standard CCPR, and the length of CCPR <90 minutes...
November 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885446/post-cardiotomy-rescue-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-neonates-with-single-ventricle-after-intractable-cardiac-arrest-attrition-after-hospital-discharge-and-predictors-of-outcome
#2
Anastasios C Polimenakos, Vincent Rizzo, Chawki F El-Zein, Michel N Ilbawi
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in children with cardiac arrest refractory to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been reported with encouraging results. We reviewed outcomes of neonates with functional single ventricle (FSV) surviving post-cardiotomy ECPR after hospital discharge. Fifty-eight patients who required post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) since the introduction of our ECPR protocol (January 2007-December 2011) were identified. Forty-one were neonates...
November 24, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849916/274-survival-and-long-functional-outcomes-after-ecmo-cpr-in-children
#3
Francesc Torres-Andre's, Eric Yablonsky, Yuliya Domnina, Mahesh Sharma, Ericka Fink, Melita Viegas, Michael Bell, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849657/long-term-follow-up-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-children
#4
Thilo P K Fleck, Georg Dangel, Felix Bächle, Christoph Benk, Jochen Grohmann, Johannes Kroll, Matthias Siepe, Rene Höhn, Janbernd Kirschner, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Brigitte Stiller
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life in long-term survivors of mechanical circulatory support after acute cardiopulmonary failure. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Single-institutional in a center for congenital heart disease and pediatric cardiology. PATIENTS: Fifty patients who underwent 58 mechanical circulatory support therapies in our institution from 2001 to 2012...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834771/rapid-response-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-deployment-surgical-technique
#5
Syed M Peer, Karthik Ramakrishnan, James R Wade, Kendal M Endicott, Richard A Jonas, Dilip S Nath
The availability of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the standard of care at most high-acuity congenital heart surgery programs. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is also an integral part of managing children with in-hospital cardiac arrest refractory to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation). In this article, we aim to provide a practical guide to initiate rapid ECMO in a nonoperating room setting.
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809884/diffuse-persistent-pulmonary-interstitial-emphysema-secondary-to-mechanical-ventilation-in-bronchiolitis
#6
Blanca Toledo Del Castillo, Isabel Gordillo, Elena Rubio García, Sarah Nicole Fernández Lafever, Rafael Gonzalez Cortés, Javier Urbano Villaescusa, Jorge López González, María José Solana García, Jesús López-Herce Cid
BACKGROUND: Persistent interstitial pulmonary emphysema (PIE) is a rare disease and it is even more uncommon in full-term infants, like our patient. When conservative management is not successful, surgical treatment should be considered. In our case, ECMO support was iniciated to keep the patient ventilated in order to allow the lung to heal using lung protection strategies. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an 18-day-old male infant with bronchiolitis that required mechanical ventilation with high positive airway pressures due to severe respiratory insufficiency...
November 3, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806964/phosphodiesterase-inhibitor-based-vasodilation-improves-oxygen-delivery-and-clinical-outcomes-following-stage-1-palliation
#7
Kimberly I Mills, Aditya K Kaza, Brian K Walsh, Hilary C Bond, Mackenzie Ford, David Wypij, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Melvin C Almodovar, Luis G Quinonez, Christopher W Baird, Sitaram E Emani, Frank A Pigula, James A DiNardo, John N Kheir
BACKGROUND: Systemic vasodilation using α-receptor blockade has been shown to decrease the incidence of postoperative cardiac arrest following stage 1 palliation (S1P), primarily when utilizing the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. We studied the effects of a protocol in which milrinone was primarily used to lower systemic vascular resistance (SVR) following S1P using the right ventricular to pulmonary artery shunt, measuring its effects on oxygen delivery (DO2) profiles and clinical outcomes...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806794/-follow-up-of-survived-children-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#8
Y Cheng, Z J Lu, X G Yan, J He, G F Yan, X D Cai, W J Shen, A L Jin, G P Lu
Objective: To summarize the follow-up of children treated with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by incision of internal carotid artery-vein. Method: This was a retrospective study, 10 children in whom the conventional therapy failed, but survived after treatment with ECMO technique through right internal jugular artery-venous incision and ligation after ECMO in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Fudan University were followed up from December 2011 to December 2015. Primary disease situation, neurological development, growth and development, quality of life and personality development were included...
November 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806793/-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-rescuing-12-children-with-acute-fulminant-myocarditis
#9
L F Ye, Y Fan, C M Zhang, Q Shu, L Z Du, R Lin
Objective: To summarize clinical experience of using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in rescuing children with acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM). Method: Data of 12 children with acute fulminate myocarditis (6 boys and 6 girls, median age 8.3 (0.6, 13.0) years, median weight 33.1 (6, 61) kg) who were rescued with ECMO in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University from September 2009 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The analysis focused on the intervene timing of ECMO for the cardiogenic shock and hypoperfusion caused by heart failure and(or) lethal arrhythmia and the essentials of ECMO cardiopulmonary resuscitation(ECPR) for cardiac arrest in pediatric AFM were summarized...
November 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805530/venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-as-a-bridge-to-heart-transplant-report-of-3-cases
#10
Ender Gedik, Aydın Ulaş, Özgür Ersoy, Funda Atar, Aynur Camkıran Fırat, Arash Pirat
Heart transplant is the only definitive treatment of end-stage heart failure. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used as a bridge to heart transplant. Among 31 patients who underwent heart transplant between January 2014 and June 2016, we present our experiences with 3 patients who received venoarterial extracorporeal support as a bridge to heart transplant. The first patient was a 51-year-old male with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Transplant was performed after 6 days of extracorporeal support, and the patient was discharged and alive at follow-up...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774445/ecls-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients
#11
Matteo Di Nardo, Graeme MacLaren, Marco Marano, Corrado Cecchetti, Paola Bernaschi, Antonio Amodeo
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is an important device in the management of children with severe refractory cardiac and or pulmonary failure. Actually, two forms of ECLS are available for neonates and children: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and use of a ventricular assist device (VAD). Both these techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages. The intra-aortic balloon pump is another ECLS device that has been successfully used in larger children, adolescents, and adults, but has found limited applicability in smaller children...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741068/the-use-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-prolonged-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-patients-is-it-time-to-expand-it
#12
Mohammed Absi, Susheel Tk Kumar, Hitesh Sandhu
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was instituted as an aid to in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) nearly 23 years ago, this led to remarkable improvement in survival considering the mortality rate associated with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Given this success, one begins to wonder whether the time has come for expanding the use of E-CPR to outside hospital cardiac arrests especially in the light of development of newer extracorporeal life support devices that are small, mobile, and easy to assemble...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738262/underweight-status-is-an-independent-predictor-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-pediatric-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#13
Pilar Anton-Martin, Michael Papacostas, Elisabeth Lee, Paul A Nakonezny, Michael L Green
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Children requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support represent an extremely ill subset of this population. There is a lack of data on the impact of nutrition state on survival in this cohort. We examined the association between being underweight and in-hospital mortality among children supported with ECMO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article reports on an observational retrospective cohort study performed among neonatal and pediatric patients supported with ECMO in a tertiary children's hospital from May 1996 through June 2013...
October 13, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681706/venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-cardiogenic-shock-post-cardiac-arrest
#14
Marc Pineton de Chambrun, Nicolas Bréchot, Guillaume Lebreton, Matthieu Schmidt, Guillaume Hekimian, Pierre Demondion, Jean-Louis Trouillet, Pascal Leprince, Jean Chastre, Alain Combes, Charles-Edouard Luyt
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics, outcomes, and risk factors associated with poor outcome of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO)-treated patients with refractory shock post-cardiac arrest. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data collected prospectively (March 2007-January 2015) in a 26-bed tertiary hospital intensive care unit. All patients implanted with VA-ECMO for refractory cardiogenic shock after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest were included...
September 28, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667276/-the-effect-and-factors-associated-with-outcome-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-refractory-cardiogenic-shock-patients
#15
R Q Zhu, C Z Liu, J H Lu, Y P Su, S C Wen, G J Nie, Y Z Hu, L E Zuo
Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy and factors associated with outcome of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in refractory cardiogenic shock patients. Methods: Patients with refractory cardiogenic shock received ECMO treatment in our hospital from May 2013 to November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical status before ECMO support, ECMO timing, complications and outcome were observed and analyzed.The hemodynamic data and the amount of vasoactive drugs at 2 hours before ECMO support and at 2, 6, 24 and 48 hours after ECMO support were collected and compared...
September 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631451/-cardiac-support-and-replacement-therapies
#16
Christopher Lotz, Norbert Roewer, Ralf M Muellenbach
Circulatory support represents an integral part within the treatment of the critically ill patient. Sophisticated pharmacologic regimens help to maintain systemic perfusion pressure by increasing vascular tone as well as mediating positive inotropic effects. Besides the administration of catecholamines and phosphodiesterase-III-inhibitors, in particular the administration of levosimendan represents a promising alternative during low-cardiac-output. Nevertheless, sufficient evidence demonstrating a survival benefit for any pharmacologic regimen is nonexistent...
September 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625333/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-outcomes-in-children-with-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#17
Katherine Cashen, Roland L Chu, Justin Klein, Peter T Rycus, John M Costello
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) may develop refractory respiratory or cardiac failure that warrants consideration for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. The purposes of this study were to describe the use and outcomes of ECMO in pediatric HLH patients, to identify risk factors for hospital mortality and to compare their ECMO use and outcomes to the ECMO population as a whole. METHODS: Pediatric patients (⩽ 18 years) with a diagnosis of HLH in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry were included...
September 13, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550213/elective-or-emergency-use-of-mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Vikas Singh, Abdulla A Damluji, Rodrigo Mendirichaga, Carlos E Alfonso, Claudia A Martinez, Donald Williams, Alan W Heldman, Eduardo J de Marchena, William W O'Neill, Mauricio G Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the use of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices in high-risk patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The use of MCS devices in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities undergoing TAVR is underexplored. METHODS: All patients undergoing TAVR at a single tertiary academic center who required MCS during index procedure between 2008 and 2015 were included in a prospective database...
October 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530940/-effect-and-related-factors-of-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-combined-with-emergent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-on-cardiac-arrest-patients-due-to-acute-myocardial-infarction
#19
L Huang, Y W Liu, T Li, X M Hu, D W Duan, P Wu, W J Peng, Y H Lang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) combined with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) on cardiac arrest in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data from twenty cardiac arrest patients due to AMI from January 2010 to January 2015, who received both ECMO and PPCI after failed conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) procedure in our center...
July 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530641/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenator-support-in-infants-with-systemic-pulmonary-shunts
#20
Phil Botha, Shriprasad R Deshpande, Michael Wolf, Micheal Heard, Bahaaldin Alsoufi, Brian Kogon, Kirk Kanter
BACKGROUND: Management of a patent systemic-pulmonary (SP) shunt and the resulting runoff during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) varies among institutions. We have used a strategy of increased flow without surgical reduction of the shunt diameter, and here report our results with this strategy. METHODS: In this database review of 169 successive veno-arterial ECMO runs performed between 2002 and 2013 in infants and neonates, ECMO flow, time to achieve lactate clearance, normal pH, and negative fluid balance were compared in patients with shunts and those without shunts...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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