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Endosomal trafficking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437167/the-fgvps39-fgvam7-fgsso1-complex-mediates-vesicle-trafficking-and-is-important-for-the-development-and-virulence-of-fusarium-graminearum
#1
Bing Li, Luping Liu, Ying Li, Xin Dong, Haifeng Zhang, Huaigu Chen, Xiaobo Zheng, Zhengguang Zhang
Vesicle trafficking is an important event in eukaryotic organisms. Many proteins and lipids transported between different organelles or compartments are essential for survival. These processes are mediated by soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins, Rab-GTPases, and multisubunit tethering complexes such as class C core vacuole or endosome tethering and homotypic fusion or vacuole protein sorting (HOPS). Our previous study has demonstrated that FgVam7, which encodes a SNARE protein involving in vesicle trafficking, plays crucial roles in growth, asexual or sexual development, deoxynivalenol production, and pathogenicity in Fusarium graminearum...
April 24, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436498/integrative-meta-modeling-identifies-endocytic-vesicles-late-endosome-and-the-nucleus-as-the-cellular-compartments-primarily-directing-rtk-signaling
#2
Jared C Weddell, Princess I Imoukhuede
Recently, intracellular receptor signaling has been identified as a key component mediating cell responses for various receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). However, the extent each endocytic compartment (endocytic vesicle, early endosome, recycling endosome, late endosome, lysosome and nucleus) contributes to receptor signaling has not been quantified. Furthermore, our understanding of endocytosis and receptor signaling is complicated by cell- or receptor-specific endocytosis mechanisms. Therefore, towards understanding the differential endocytic compartment signaling roles, and identifying how to achieve signal transduction control for RTKs, we delineate how endocytosis regulates RTK signaling...
April 24, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432021/the-er-phagosome-connection-in-the-era-of-membrane-contact-sites
#3
REVIEW
Paula Nunes-Hasler, Nicolas Demaurex
Phagocytosis is an essential mechanism through which innate immune cells ingest foreign material that is either destroyed or used to generate and present antigens and initiate adaptive immune responses. While a role for the ER during phagosome biogenesis has been recognized, whether fusion with ER cisternae or vesicular derivatives occurs has been the source of much contention. Membrane contact sites (MCS) are tight appositions between ER membranes and various organelles that coordinate multiple functions including localized signalling, lipid transfer and trafficking...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430987/rab32-subfamily-small-gtpases-pleiotropic-rabs-in-endosomal-trafficking
#4
Norihiko Ohbayashi, Mitsunori Fukuda, Yasunori Kanaho
Rab small GTPases, well-known regulators of membrane trafficking pathways in eukaryotic cells, comprise approximately 60 different members in mammals. During the past decade, our understanding of the functions of mammalian Rab32 subfamily members (Rab32 and Rab38) have deepened, especially on the biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles, such as melanosomes, and the protection mechanisms against several pathogenic microbial infections. Endosome-mediated membrane trafficking by Rab32 subfamily members plays pivotal roles in these events...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425222/class-iii-antiarrhythmic-drugs-amiodarone-and-dronedarone-impair-kir-2-1-backward-trafficking
#5
Yuan Ji, Hiroki Takanari, Muge Qile, Lukas Nalos, Marien J C Houtman, Fee L Romunde, Raimond Heukers, Paul M P van Bergen En Henegouwen, Marc A Vos, Marcel A G van der Heyden
Drug-induced ion channel trafficking disturbance can cause cardiac arrhythmias. The subcellular level at which drugs interfere in trafficking pathways is largely unknown. KIR 2.1 inward rectifier channels, largely responsible for the cardiac inward rectifier current (IK1 ), are degraded in lysosomes. Amiodarone and dronedarone are class III antiarrhythmics. Chronic use of amiodarone, and to a lesser extent dronedarone, causes serious adverse effects to several organs and tissue types, including the heart. Both drugs have been described to interfere in the late-endosome/lysosome system...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423494/control-of-long-distance-cell-to-cell-communication-and-autophagosome-transfer-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-tunneling-nanotubes
#6
Inés Sáenz-de-Santa-María, Cristóbal Bernardo-Castiñeira, Eduardo Enciso, Inmaculada García-Moreno, Jose Luis Chiara, Carlos Suarez, María-Dolores Chiara
Tunneling nanotubes (TnTs) are thin channels that temporally connect nearby cells allowing the cell-to-cell trafficking of biomolecules and organelles. The presence or absence of TnTs in human neoplasms and the mechanisms of TnT assembly remains largely unexplored. In this study, we have identified TnTs in tumor cells derived from squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) cultured under bi-dimensional and tri-dimensional conditions and also in human SCC tissues. Our study demonstrates that TnTs are not specific of epithelial or mesenchymal phenotypes and allow the trafficking of endosomal/lysosomal vesicles, mitochondria, and autophagosomes between both types of cells...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422978/the-escrt-regulator-did2-maintains-the-balance-between-long-distance-endosomal-transport-and-endocytic-trafficking
#7
Carl Haag, Thomas Pohlmann, Michael Feldbrügge
In highly polarised cells, like fungal hyphae, early endosomes function in both endocytosis as well as long-distance transport of various cargo including mRNA and protein complexes. However, knowledge on the crosstalk between these seemingly different trafficking processes is scarce. Here, we demonstrate that the ESCRT regulator Did2 coordinates endosomal transport in fungal hyphae of Ustilago maydis. Loss of Did2 results in defective vacuolar targeting, less processive long-distance transport and abnormal shuttling of early endosomes...
April 19, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419521/cytokinetic-abscission-phosphoinositides-and-escrts-direct-the-final-cut
#8
Federico Gulluni, Miriam Martini, Emilio Hirsch
Cytokinetic abscission involves the fine and regulated recruitment of membrane remodeling proteins that participate in the abscission of the intracellular bridge that connects the two dividing cells. This essential process is mediated by the concomitant activity of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) and the vesicular trafficking directed to the midbody. Phosphoinositides (PtdIns), produced at plasma membrane and endosomes, act as molecular intermediates by recruiting effector proteins involved in multiple cellular processes, such as intracellular signalling, endo- and exo-cytosis and membrane remodelling events...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416393/tdp-43-expression-influences-amyloid%C3%AE-plaque-deposition-and-tau-aggregation
#9
Stephani A Davis, Kok Ann Gan, James A Dowell, Nigel J Cairns, Michael A Gitcho
Although the main focus in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been an investigation of mechanisms causing Aβ plaque deposition and tau tangle formation, recent studies have shown that phosphorylated TDP-43 pathology is present in up to 50% of sporadic cases. Furthermore, elevated phosphorylated TDP-43 has been associated with more severe AD pathology. Therefore, we hypothesized that TDP-43 may regulate amyloid-beta precursor protein (APP) trafficking and tau phosphorylation/aggregation. In order to examine the role of TDP-43 in AD, we developed a transgenic mouse that overexpresses hippocampal and cortical neuronal TDP-43 in a mouse expressing familial mutations (K595N and M596L) in APP and presenilin 1 (PSEN1ΔE9)...
April 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415797/rab7-gtpase-controls-lipid-metabolic-signaling-in-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells
#10
Xinchun Ding, Wenjing Zhang, Ting Zhao, Cong Yan, Hong Du
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is a critical neutral lipid metabolic enzyme that regulates metabolic reprogramming in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) through over-activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Affymetrix GeneChip microarray analysis of MDSCs from LAL deficient mouse (lal-/-) revealed upregulation of Rab7 GTPase protein, which belongs to a superfamily of small-molecular-weight GTPase known to regulate intracellular membrane trafficking from early to late endosomes and lysosomes. Here, the physical protein-protein interaction between Rab7 GTPase and mTOR has been detected by co-immunoprecipitation in the cell extract of wild type HD1A and lal-/- MDSC-like HD1B myeloid cell lines...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415156/endocytosis-of-tight-junction-proteins-and-the-regulation-of-degradation-and-recycling
#11
REVIEW
Svetlana M Stamatovic, Allison M Johnson, Nikola Sladojevic, Richard F Keep, Anuska V Andjelkovic
Internalization of tight junction (TJ) proteins from the plasma membrane is a pivotal mechanism regulating TJ plasticity and function in both epithelial and endothelial barrier tissues. Once internalized, the TJ proteins enter complex vesicular machinery, where further trafficking is directly dependent on the initiating stimulus and downstream signaling pathways that regulate the sorting and destiny of TJ proteins, as well as on cell and barrier responses. The destiny of internalized TJ proteins is recycling to the plasma membrane or sorting to late endosomes and degradation...
April 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413120/endosome-to-trans-golgi-network-transport-of-proprotein-convertase-7-is-mediated-by-a-cluster-of-basic-amino-acids-and-palmitoylated-cysteines
#12
Jeroen Declercq, Bruno Ramos-Molina, Ragna Sannerud, Bas Brouwers, Vincent P E G Pruniau, Sandra Meulemans, Evelyn Plets, Wim Annaert, John W M Creemers
Proprotein Convertase 7 (PC7) is a Furin-like endoprotease that cleaves precursor proteins at basic amino acids. PC7 is concentrated in the trans-Golgi network (TGN) but it shuttles between the plasma membrane and the TGN depending on sequences in the cytoplasmic tail. A short region containing a three amino acids motif, P(724)-L(725)-C(726), is essential and sufficient for internalization of PC7 but not for TGN localization, which requires the additional presence of the juxtamembrane region. In this study we have investigated the contribution of a cluster of basic amino acids and two reversibly palmitoylated cysteine residues to endocytic trafficking...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406455/subcellular-localization-of-arabidopsis-pathogenesis-related-1-pr1-protein
#13
Tamara Pečenková, Roman Pleskot, Viktor Žárský
The Arabidopsisthaliana pathogenesis-related 1 (PR1) is an important defense protein, so far it has only been detected in extracellular space and its subcellular sorting and transport remain unexplained. Using a green fluorescent protein (GFP) tagged full length, as well as a C-terminus truncated version of PR1, we observed that when expressed ectopically in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves, PR1 co-localizes only partially with Golgi markers, and much more prominently with the late endosome (LE)/multivesicular body (MVB) FYVE marker...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404745/quantitative-high-content-imaging-identifies-novel-regulators-of-neo1-trafficking-at-endosomes
#14
Lauren E Dalton, Björn D M Bean, Michael Davey, Elizabeth Conibear
P4-ATPases are a family of putative phospholipid flippases that regulate lipid membrane asymmetry, which is important for vesicle formation. Two yeast flippases, Drs2 and Neo1, have non-redundant functions in the recycling of the synaptobrevin-like v-SNARE, Snc1, from early endosomes. Drs2 activity is needed to form vesicles and to regulate its own trafficking, suggesting that flippase activity and localization are linked. However, the role of Neo1 in endosomal recycling is not well characterized. To identify novel regulators of Neo1 trafficking and activity at endosomes, we first identified mutants with impaired recycling of a Snc1-based reporter and subsequently used high-content microscopy to classify these mutants based on the localization of Neo1 or its binding partners Mon2 and Dop1...
April 12, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403145/the-phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase-inhibitor-apilimod-blocks-filoviral-entry-and-infection
#15
Elizabeth A Nelson, Julie Dyall, Thomas Hoenen, Alyson B Barnes, Huanying Zhou, Janie Y Liang, Julia Michelotti, William H Dewey, Lisa Evans DeWald, Richard S Bennett, Patrick J Morris, Rajarshi Guha, Carleen Klumpp-Thomas, Crystal McKnight, Yu-Chi Chen, Xin Xu, Amy Wang, Emma Hughes, Scott Martin, Craig Thomas, Peter B Jahrling, Lisa E Hensley, Gene G Olinger, Judith M White
Phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate 5-kinase (PIKfyve) is a lipid kinase involved in endosome maturation that emerged from a haploid genetic screen as being required for Ebola virus (EBOV) infection. Here we analyzed the effects of apilimod, a PIKfyve inhibitor that was reported to be well tolerated in humans in phase 2 clinical trials, for its effects on entry and infection of EBOV and Marburg virus (MARV). We first found that apilimod blocks infections by EBOV and MARV in Huh 7, Vero E6 and primary human macrophage cells, with notable potency in the macrophages (IC50, 10 nM)...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399880/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-parkin-substrates-in-drosophila-neurons
#16
Aitor Martinez, Benoit Lectez, Juanma Ramirez, Oliver Popp, James D Sutherland, Sylvie Urbé, Gunnar Dittmar, Michael J Clague, Ugo Mayor
BACKGROUND: Parkin (PARK2) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that is commonly mutated in Familial Parkinson's Disease (PD). In cell culture models, Parkin is recruited to acutely depolarised mitochondria by PINK1. PINK1 activates Parkin activity leading to ubiquitination of multiple proteins, which in turn promotes clearance of mitochondria by mitophagy. Many substrates have been identified using cell culture models in combination with depolarising drugs or proteasome inhibitors, but not in more physiological settings...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396666/dynamic-changes-in-the-intracellular-association-of-selected-rab-small-gtpases-with-mhc-class-ii-and-dm-during-dendritic-cell-maturation
#17
Gibrán Pérez-Montesinos, Orestes López-Ortega, Jessica Piedra-Reyes, Laura C Bonifaz, José Moreno
Antigen processing for presentation by major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII) molecules requires the latter to travel through the endocytic pathway together with its chaperons: the invariant chain (Ii) and DM. Nevertheless, the nature of the compartments where MHCII molecules travel to acquire peptides lacks definition regarding molecules involved in intracellular vesicular trafficking, such as Rab small GTPases. We aimed to define which Rab proteins are present during the intracellular transport of MHCII, DM, and Ii through the endocytic pathway on their route to the cell surface during dendritic cell (DC) maturation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393448/spatial-specific-functions-in-retrograde-neuronal-signalling
#18
REVIEW
Eitan Erez Zahavi, Roy Maimon, Eran Perlson
Neurons are highly polarized cells, possessing long axons that can extend to more than 1-meter long in adult humans. In order to survive and maintain proper functions, neurons have to respond accurately in both space and time to intra- or inter-cellular cues. The regulation of these comprehensive responses involves ligand-receptor interactions, trafficking and local protein synthesis. Alterations in these mechanisms can lead to cellular dysfunction and disease. Although studies on the transport and localization of signalling endosomes along the axon have shed light on some central pathways of neuronal survival and growth as well as synapse function, little is known about the spatiotemporal mechanisms that allow the same molecule to signal differently at diverse subcellular locations and in specific neuronal populations...
April 10, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389476/defects-in-er-endosome-contacts-impact-lysosome-function-in-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#19
Rachel Allison, James R Edgar, Guy Pearson, Tania Rizo, Timothy Newton, Sven Günther, Fiamma Berner, Jennifer Hague, James W Connell, Jürgen Winkler, Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, Christian Beetz, Beate Winner, Evan Reid
Contacts between endosomes and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) promote endosomal tubule fission, but the mechanisms involved and consequences of tubule fission failure are incompletely understood. We found that interaction between the microtubule-severing enzyme spastin and the ESCRT protein IST1 at ER-endosome contacts drives endosomal tubule fission. Failure of fission caused defective sorting of mannose 6-phosphate receptor, with consequently disrupted lysosomal enzyme trafficking and abnormal lysosomal morphology, including in mouse primary neurons and human stem cell-derived neurons...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388693/a-role-for-glycolipid-biosynthesis-in-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-entry
#20
Mary Jane Drake, Benjamin Brennan, Kenneth Briley, Stephen M Bart, Eric Sherman, Agnieszka M Szemiel, Madeleine Minutillo, Frederic D Bushman, Paul Bates
A novel bunyavirus was recently found to cause severe febrile illness with high mortality in agricultural regions of China, Japan, and South Korea. This virus, named severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), represents a new group within the Phlebovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae. Little is known about the viral entry requirements beyond showing dependence on dynamin and endosomal acidification. A haploid forward genetic screen was performed to identify host cell requirements for SFTSV entry...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
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