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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069062/quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-dutch-elderly-measured-by-eq-5d-3l
#1
Marie-Josée J Mangen, Marieke Bolkenbaas, Susanne M Huijts, Cornelis H van Werkhoven, Marc J M Bonten, G Ardine de Wit
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate health status and associated factors in community-dwelling elderly in the Netherlands. METHODS: Participants from a placebo-controlled double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted in the Netherlands were invited at the time of enrolment to participate in this study. Data were collected on comorbidities, socio-demographic background and health status, using EQ-5D-3L instrument. EQ-5D-3L summary index values (EQ-5D-indices) was derived using Dutch tariff...
January 6, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061841/supervised-neuromuscular-exercise-prior-to-hip-and-knee-replacement-12-month-clinical-effect-and-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Linda Fernandes, Ewa M Roos, Søren Overgaard, Allan Villadsen, Rikke Søgaard
BACKGROUND: There are indications of beneficial short-term effect of pre-operative exercise in reducing pain and improving activity of daily living after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. Though, information from studies conducting longer follow-ups and economic evaluations of exercise prior to THR and TKR is needed. The aim of the study was to analyse 12-month clinical effect and cost-utility of supervised neuromuscular exercise prior to THR and TKR surgery...
January 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044306/a-comparative-study-of-activity-based-costing-vs-current-pricing-system-for-pathology-examinations-at-okmeydani-training-and-research-hospital-turkey
#3
Enver Yarikkaya, Selver Özekinci, Aytül Sargan, Şenay Erdoğan Durmuş, Fetin Rüştü Yildiz
OBJECTIVE: To provide real cost data for pathology examinations by using activity-based costing method, in order to provide means to departments, health administrators and the social security institution to achieve improvements in financial planning, quality and cost control. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The cost of the histopathological examinations, which were accepted by the Department of Pathology at Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital during August 2014, was calculated using the activity-based costing method...
2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039617/measuring-care-related-quality-of-life-of-caregivers-for-use-in-economic-evaluations-carerqol-tariffs-for-australia-germany-sweden-uk-and-us
#4
Renske J Hoefman, Job van Exel, Werner B F Brouwer
BACKGROUND: Informal care is often not included in economic evaluations in healthcare, while the impact of caregiving can be relevant for cost-effectiveness recommendations from a societal perspective. The impact of informal care can be measured and valued with the CarerQol instrument, which measures the impact of informal care on seven important burden dimensions (CarerQol-7D) and values this in terms of general quality of life (CarerQol-VAS). The CarerQol can be included at the effect side of multi-criteria analyses of patient interventions or in cost-effectiveness or utility analysis of interventions targeted at caregivers...
December 31, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012386/performance-evaluation-of-restaurant-food-waste-and-biowaste-to-biogas-pilot-projects-in-china-and-implications-for-national-policy
#5
Djavan De Clercq, Zongguo Wen, Fei Fan
The objective of this research was to conduct a performance evaluation of three food waste/biowaste-to-biogas pilot projects across 7 scenarios in China based on multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methodology. The projects ranked included a food waste-biogas project in Beijing, a food waste-biogas project in Suzhou and a co-digestion project producing biomethane in Hainan. The projects were ranked from best to worst based on technical, economic and environmental criteria under the MCDA framework. The results demonstrated that some projects are encountering operational problems...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001057/emissions-and-economics-of-behind-the-meter-electricity-storage
#6
Michael James Fisher, Jay Apt
Annual installations of behind-the-meter (BTM) electric storage capacity are forecast to eclipse grid-side electrochemical storage by the end of the decade. Here we characterize the economic payoff and regional emission consequences of BTM storage without co-located generation under different tariff conditions, battery characteristics, and ownership scenarios using metered load for several hundred commercial and industrial customers. Net emissions are calculated as increased system emissions from charging minus avoided emissions from discharging...
December 21, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000451/the-nutriqol%C3%A2-questionnaire-for-assessing-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-patients-with-home-enteral-nutrition-hen-validation-and-first-results
#7
Antonio Apezetxea, Lourdes Carrillo, Felipe Casanueva, Cristina Cuerda, Federico Cuesta, José Antonio Irles, María Nuria Virgili, Miquel Layola, Luis Lizán
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) provides a global view of the state of health of a patient receiving home enteral nutrition (HEN). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the HRQoL of patients receiving HEN using the NutriQoL® questionnaire, a specific instrument regardless of the underlying disease and route of administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational, prospective and multicentre study conducted in the context of the validation and assessment of the NutriQoL® questionnaire's psychometric properties...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998161/fee-splitting-among-general-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#8
Mojtaba Parsa, Bagher Larijani, Kiarash Aramesh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Akbar Fotouhi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Nejatollah Ebrahimian, Mohamad Jafar Kandi
BACKGROUND: Fee splitting is a process whereby a physician refers a patient to another physician or a healthcare facility and receives a portion of the charge in return. This survey was conducted to study general practitioners' (GPs) attitudes toward fee splitting as well as the prevalence, causes, and consequences of this process. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study on 223 general practitioners in 2013. Concerning the causes and consequences of fee splitting, an unpublished qualitative study was conducted by interviewing a number of GPs and specialists and the questionnaire options were the results of the information obtained from this study...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994486/a-cost-effectiveness-evaluation-comparing-originator-follitropin-alfa-to-the-biosimilar-for-the-treatment-of-infertility
#9
Salvatore Gizzo, Juan A Garcia-Velasco, Franca Heiman, Claudio Ripellino, Klaus Bühler
OBJECTIVES: To perform a cost-effectiveness evaluation comparing the originator follitropin alfa (Gonal-f(®)) to the biosimilar (Bemfola(®)) in the Italian and Spanish contexts, with an assessment of the German and UK backgrounds. METHODS: Starting from the study by Rettenbacher et al, a cost-effectiveness model was developed in the Italian and Spanish contexts. Clinical data on subjects, doses of gonadotropin, pregnancies, live-born children, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome were used to feed the model...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993434/competition-policy-for-health-care-provision-in-france
#10
Philippe Choné
There are more than two thousand hospitals in France, about equally divided between government-owned and privately-owned hospitals. Activity-based payment, which has been generalized in 2008 for acute care hospitals, has raised competition issues as DRG tariffs differ according to ownership status. Furthermore, the payment rule has been criticized for preventing the realization of potential hospital synergies, and as a result a recent reform has mandated close cooperation between public hospitals. The physician market is dual, with most GPs being subject to fee regulation and many self-employed, private-practice, specialist doctors being allowed to set their prices freely...
November 24, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987626/eq-5d-scores-for-diabetes-related-comorbidities
#11
Patrick W Sullivan, Vahram H Ghushchyan
BACKGROUND: A single-source catalogue of nationally representative EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) scores for chronic conditions in the United States and the United Kingdom from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) has been published and has been used extensively for public health and cost-effectiveness modeling. OBJECTIVES: To estimate EQ-5D scores for diabetes-related chronic conditions that are consistent with the previous catalogue. METHODS: The MEPS is a nationally representative survey of the US civilian population...
December 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970629/the-impact-of-country-specific-utility-tariffs-on-the-outcome-of-cost-utility-analyses-a-case-study
#12
J E Bosmans, M M Rossenaar, J M van Dongen, M W van Tulder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966287/transoral-laser-microsurgery-versus-radiation-therapy-in-the-management-of-t1-and-t2-laryngeal-glottic-carcinoma-which-modality-is-cost-effective-within-the-uk
#13
Matthew Prettyjohns, Stuart Winter, Cyrus Kerawala, Vinidh Paleri
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most cost effective treatment strategy in patients with early stage (T1and T2) cancers of the laryngeal glottis. DESIGN: A Markov decision model populated using data from updated systematic reviews and meta analyses, with attributable costs from NHS sources. Data on local control and mortality was obtained from updates of existing systematic reviews conducted for the NICE guideline on cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract. Procedure costs were sourced from NHS reference costs 2013/14 by applying tariffs associated with the appropriate health resource group code...
December 14, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959665/retrospective-analysis-of-the-safety-and-cost-implications-of-pediatric-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-at-a-single-center
#14
Gibran T Yusuf, Maria E Sellars, Annamaria Deganello, David O Cosgrove, Paul S Sidhu
OBJECTIVE: Because of concern over medical ionizing radiation exposure of children, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has generated interest as an inexpensive, ionizing radiation-free alternative to CT and MRI. CEUS has received approval for pediatric hepatic use but remains off-label for a range of other applications. The purposes of this study were to retrospectively analyze adverse incidents encountered in pediatric CEUS and to assess the financial benefits of reducing the number of CT and MRI examinations performed...
December 13, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956439/heart-failure-what-s-new-and-what-s-changed
#15
Paul D Callan, Andrew L Clark
Physicians responsible for the care of patients with heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction have access to a broad range of evidence-based treatments that prolong life and reduce symptoms. In spite of the significant progress made over the last four decades, there is an ongoing need for novel therapies to treat a condition that is associated with stubbornly high morbidity and mortality. In this article, we discuss the findings of SERVE-HF, a randomised controlled trial of adaptive servo-ventilation in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, as well as EMPA-REG, a study of the effects of a novel diabetic agent that may be of greater interest to heart failure specialists than diabetologists...
December 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939616/defibrotide-in-severe-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-medicine-and-economic-issues
#16
Julie Steelandt, François Bocquet, Anne-Laure Cordonnier, Charlotte De Courtivron, Isabelle Fusier, Pascal Paubel
In Europe, Defitelio (defibrotide) has a Market Authorization in curative treatment of severe sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) but not in prophylaxis (2013). In France, defibrotide has had a compassionate-use program since 2009. Today, the high cost of defibrotide remains a major hurdle for hospital budgets. Medicine and economic issues were evaluated for the 39 hospitals of the French Public Assistance-Hospitals of Paris (AP-HP). We analyzed literature reviews, consumption, and expenditures through AP-HP data in 2014 and patient profiles with defibrotide in the corresponding diagnostic-related groups (DRGs) and consulted a board of hematologists...
February 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905973/the-paradox-of-verbal-autopsy-in-cause-of-death-assignment-symptom-question-unreliability-but-predictive-accuracy
#17
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: We believe that it is important that governments understand the reliability of the mortality data which they have at their disposable to guide policy debates. In many instances, verbal autopsy (VA) will be the only source of mortality data for populations, yet little is known about how the accuracy of VA diagnoses is affected by the reliability of the symptom responses. We previously described the effect of the duration of time between death and VA administration on VA validity...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905970/a-feasibility-study-on-using-smartphones-to-conduct-short-version-verbal-autopsies-in-rural-china
#18
Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources-the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system-present their own challenges. A new approach to cause of death assignment is a smartphone-based shortened version of a verbal autopsy survey. This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of this new method conducted by township health care providers (THP) and village doctors (VD) in rural China, where a large proportion of deaths occur in homes and cause of death data are inaccurate or lacking...
August 20, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905964/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#19
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#20
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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