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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905973/the-paradox-of-verbal-autopsy-in-cause-of-death-assignment-symptom-question-unreliability-but-predictive-accuracy
#1
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: We believe that it is important that governments understand the reliability of the mortality data which they have at their disposable to guide policy debates. In many instances, verbal autopsy (VA) will be the only source of mortality data for populations, yet little is known about how the accuracy of VA diagnoses is affected by the reliability of the symptom responses. We previously described the effect of the duration of time between death and VA administration on VA validity...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905970/a-feasibility-study-on-using-smartphones-to-conduct-short-version-verbal-autopsies-in-rural-china
#2
Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources-the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system-present their own challenges. A new approach to cause of death assignment is a smartphone-based shortened version of a verbal autopsy survey. This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of this new method conducted by township health care providers (THP) and village doctors (VD) in rural China, where a large proportion of deaths occur in homes and cause of death data are inaccurate or lacking...
August 20, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905964/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#3
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#4
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884491/impact-of-patient-outcomes-and-cost-aspects-on-reimbursement-recommendations-in-poland-in-2012-2014
#5
Krzysztof Piotr Malinowski, Paweł Kawalec, Wojciech Trąbka
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different factors on the final reimbursement recommendations for drugs in Poland and to identify the correlation between these factors and the probability of a positive reimbursement recommendation for an applicant drug issued by the President of the Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Tariff System (AOTMiT). We analysed all recommendations for the period of 2012-2014 in Poland, three years following the launch of the new Reimbursement Act of Medicines, Foodstuffs Intended for Particular Nutritional Uses and Medical Devices...
October 26, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871042/is-trade-liberalisation-a-vector-for-the-spread-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-cross-national-longitudinal-analysis-of-44-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Ana Mendez Lopez, Rachel Loopstra, Martin McKee, David Stuckler
Does trade and investment liberalisation increase the growth in sales of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)? Here, for the first time to our knowledge, we test this hypothesis using a unique data source on SSB-specific trade flows. We test whether lower tariffs effectively increase imports of SSBs, and whether a higher level of imports increase sales of SSBs. Cross-national fixed effects models were used to evaluate the association between SSBs sales and trade liberalisation. SSBs per capita sales data were taken from EuroMonitor, covering 44 low- and middle-income countries from 2001 to 2014, SSBs import data were from TradeMap, Foreign Direct Investment data were from EuroMonitor, and data on applied tariffs on SSB from the World Trade Organisation tariffs database, all 2015 editions...
November 4, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866823/relative-risk-and-incidence-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#7
Virginie Pollet, Vanessa Percy, Heather J Prior
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and associated risk factors of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in a modern population without universal screening. STUDY DESIGN: Children with DDH were identified from the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy's Data Repository by the use of International Classification of Diseases diagnosis codes as well as physician billing tariffs for surgical procedures for DDH for all children born between 1995 and 2012. To identify the outpatient-treated patients, ultrasound scans and radiographic imaging for DDH were reviewed for 2004-2012...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833460/the-paradox-of-verbal-autopsy-in-cause-of-death-assignment-symptom-question-unreliability-but-predictive-accuracy
#8
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: We believe that it is important that governments understand the reliability of the mortality data which they have at their disposable to guide policy debates. In many instances, verbal autopsy (VA) will be the only source of mortality data for populations, yet little is known about how the accuracy of VA diagnoses is affected by the reliability of the symptom responses. We previously described the effect of the duration of time between death and VA administration on VA validity...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833459/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#9
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832361/population-based-normative-data-for-the-scoliosis-research-society-22r-questionnaire-in-adolescents-and-adults-including-a-comparison-with-eq-5d
#10
Elias Diarbakerli, Anna Grauers, Paul Gerdhem
PURPOSE: The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) 22r questionnaire is a widely used instrument. To estimate the disorder´s impact on quality of life and to gain knowledge about treatment effects, normative values are needed. METHODS: Individuals were randomly invited from the general population. 272 individuals (145 females) answered the SRS-22r and EuroQol 5-dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaires and stratified according to sex and age; ≤19 years (n = 61), 20-39 years (n = 66), 40-59 years (n = 84) and ≥60 years (n = 61)...
November 10, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811318/new-app-for-copd-patients-is-among-innovation-tariff-s-six-new-technologies
#11
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798797/many-miles-to-go-a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-cost-utility-analyses-in-brazil
#12
REVIEW
Alessandro G Campolina, Luciana M Rozman, Tassia C Decimoni, Roseli Leandro, Hillegonda M D Novaes, Patrícia Coelho De Soárez
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the quality and quantity of cost-utility analyses (CUAs) in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide a systematic review of published CUAs of healthcare technologies in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of economic evaluations studies published in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), NHS EED (National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database), HTA (Health Technology Assessment) Database, Web of Science, Scopus, Bireme (Biblioteca Regional de Medicina), BVS ECOS (Health Economics database of the Brazilian Virtual Library of Health), and SISREBRATS (Sistema de Informação da Rede Brasileira de Avaliação de Tecnologias em Saúde [Brazilian Network for the Evaluation of Health Technologies]) from 1980 to 2013...
October 31, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790801/are-health-state-valuations-from-the-general-public-biased-a-test-of-health-state-reference-dependency-using-self-assessed-health-and-an-efficient-discrete-choice-experiment
#13
Marcel F Jonker, Arthur E Attema, Bas Donkers, Elly A Stolk, Matthijs M Versteegh
Health state valuations of patients and non-patients are not the same, whereas health state values obtained from general population samples are a weighted average of both. The latter constitutes an often-overlooked source of bias. This study investigates the resulting bias and tests for the impact of reference dependency on health state valuations using an efficient discrete choice experiment administered to a Dutch nationally representative sample of 788 respondents. A Bayesian discrete choice experiment design consisting of eight sets of 24 (matched pairwise) choice tasks was developed, with each set providing full identification of the included parameters...
October 27, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774811/the-financial-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-single-centre-study
#14
Daniel M Fountain, Angelos G Kolias, Rodney J Laing, Peter J Hutchinson
OBJECTIVES: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a potentially devastating insult to the brain with high rates of fatality and neurological deficits. TBI can result in substantial costs to the centre providing care. We sought to present the experience of a Major Trauma Centre (MTC) and ascertain the financial implications of this healthcare provision, in particular detailed costs, reimbursement and the surplus or deficit accrued by the centre. DESIGN: All cranial non-elective neurosurgical admissions with a TBI over 4...
October 22, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771878/forest-stewardship-council-fsc-pesticide-policy-and-integrated-pest-management-in-certified-tropical-plantations
#15
Pedro Guilherme Lemes, José Cola Zanuncio, José Eduardo Serrão, Simon A Lawson
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) was the first non-governmental organization composed of multi-stakeholders to ensure the social, environmental, and economic sustainability of forest resources. FSC prohibits certain chemicals and active ingredients in certified forest plantations. A company seeking certification must discontinue use of products so listed and many face problems to comply with these constraints. The aim of this study was to assess the impacts of certification on pest management from the perspective of Brazilian private forestry sector...
October 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769856/the-impact-of-helipad-designation-on-meeting-the-best-practice-tariff-for-fractured-neck-of-femur-cases-in-a-major-trauma-centre
#16
John Dabis, Aliyah Hussein, Mark Rickman
Hip fractures represent a significant burden to the NHS: the cost for all UK hip fractures is approximately £2 billion and in 2013, 64 838 people were admitted to hospital with a fractured neck of femur (FNOF). In April 2010 St George's NHS Hospital was designated one of four Major Trauma Centres (MTC) in London. Following MTC designation, in April 2014 St George's Hospital opened a helipad. This study aimed to assess the impact of the helipad designation on the Trust's ability to meet the Best Practice Tariff (BPT) criteria for FNOF patients...
October 18, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747802/evaluating-the-cost-effectiveness-of-prolonged-release-tacrolimus-relative-to-immediate-release-tacrolimus-in-liver-transplant-patients-based-on-data-from-routine-clinical-practice
#17
Gorden Muduma, Isaac Odeyemi, Richard Fulton Pollock
BACKGROUND: As of 2014, there were approximately 8300 patients with a functioning liver transplant in the UK Transplant Registry, with 880 liver transplants performed in 2013-2014 alone. Tacrolimus, typically used in combination with steroids and mycophenolate mofetil, currently represents the cornerstone of post-transplant immunosuppression in liver transplant recipients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of prolonged-release (PR) tacrolimus (Advagraf(®), Astellas Pharma Inc...
March 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741259/placental-growth-factor-plgf-in-women-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia-prior-to-35-weeks-gestation-a-budget-impact-analysis
#18
Suzy Duckworth, Lucy C Chappell, Paul T Seed, Lucy Mackillop, Andrew H Shennan, Rachael Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To model the resource implications of placental growth factor (PlGF) testing in women with suspected pre-eclampsia prior to 35 weeks' gestation as part of a management algorithm, compared with current practice. METHODS: Data on resource use from 132 women with suspected pre-eclampsia prior to 35 weeks' gestation, enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study evaluating PlGF measurement within antenatal assessment units within two UK consultant-led maternity units was extracted by case note review...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726283/survey-of-glaucoma-surgical-preferences-and-post-operative-care-in-the-united-kingdom
#19
Ignacio Rodriguez-Una, Augusto Azuara-Blanco, Anthony J King
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the spectrum of glaucoma surgery and the post-operative follow-up regimes undertaken among glaucoma specialists in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: National survey. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five glaucoma specialists (consultants and fellows). METHODS: An eight-question survey was emailed to all glaucoma subspecialists members of the United Kingdom and Eire Glaucoma Society. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgery undertaken, post-operative management, awareness of intervention tariff and handling of the follow-up burden generated through surgery...
October 11, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702861/the-economic-impact-of-battery-longevity-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-the-hospital-and-healthcare-system-perspectives
#20
Maurizio Landolina, Giovanni Morani, Antonio Curnis, Antonello Vado, Antonio D'Onofrio, Valter Bianchi, Giuseppe Stabile, Martino Crosato, Barbara Petracci, Carlo Ceriotti, Luca Bontempi, Martina Morosato, Gian Paolo Ballari, Maurizio Gasparini
AIMS: Patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-Ds) are likely to undergo one or more device replacements, mainly for battery depletion. We assessed the economic impact of battery depletion on the overall cost of CRT-D treatment from the perspectives of the healthcare system and the hospital. We also compared devices of different generations and from different manufacturers in terms of therapy cost. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed data on 1792 CRT-Ds implanted in 1399 patients in 9 Italian centres...
October 4, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
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