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Health professionals

Shahenaz Najjar, Nashat Nafouri, Kris Vanhaecht, Martin Euwema
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is the central component of health-care quality. There is a lack of patient safety data in the occupied Palestinian territory. The aim of this study was to assess patient safety and explore relationships between patient safety culture and the prevalence of adverse events at the department level. METHODS: Between May 25, 2009, and June 1, 2010, the Arabic validated Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture was used to measure the norms and perceptions of health professionals regarding safety...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Mohammed B Sarhan, Rula Ghandour, Niveen M E Abu Rmeileh
BACKGROUND: The burden of type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly in the occupied Palestinian territory. Different counselling interventions have been applied worldwide to reduce HbA1c concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes. Achieving good glycaemic control is important for prevention of complications of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this modelling study was to assess the effectiveness of different counselling interventions in improving glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Mohammed K El-Habil
BACKGROUND: Acute poisoning is a major public health problem worldwide and a common cause of patient admissions to emergency departments and intensive care units. The aim of this study was to assess the acute poisoning cases admitted to three hospitals in the Gaza Strip and to assess the need for a poison control and drug information centre in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with acute poisoning between 2010 and 2015 at the emergency departments of Al-Shifa Hospital, European Gaza Hospital, and Al-Nassr Paediatric Hospital in the Gaza Strip were included in this retrospective study...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Giulia Canali, Victoria Tittle, Akihiro Seita
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) estimated that in 2016, 11% of Palestine refugees older than 40 years living in Jordan were diagnosed with diabetes and that the disease is controlled in only 45% of Palestine refugees with diabetes. As medication adherence is one of the most important modifiable self-care behaviours to achieve adequate metabolic control, the aims of this study were to measure medication adherence and to review the factors associated with different levels of medication adherence in patients with diabetes...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Juarez P Dias, Maria da Conceição N Costa, Gubio Soares Campos, Enny S Paixão, Marcio S Natividade, Florisneide R Barreto, Martha Suely C Itaparica, Cristina Goes, Francisca L S Oliveira, Eloisa B Santana, Neusa S J Silva, Carlos A A Brito, Laura C Rodrigues, Silvia Inez Sardi, Ramon C Saavedra, Maria Glória Teixeira
Chikungunya has had a substantial impact on public health because of the magnitude of its epidemics and its highly debilitating symptoms. We estimated the seroprevalence, proportion of symptomatic cases, and proportion of chronic form of disease after introduction of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in 2 cities in Brazil. We conducted the population-based study through household interviews and serologic surveys during October-December 2015. In Feira de Santana, we conducted a serologic survey of 385 persons; 57.1% were CHIKV-positive...
April 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Karuna D Sagili, Srinath Satyanarayana, Sarabjit S Chadha, Nevin C Wilson, Ajay M V Kumar, Patrick K Moonan, John E Oeltmann, Vineet K Chadha, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Smita Ghosh, Terrence Q Lo, Tyson Volkmann, Matthew Willis, Kalpita Shringarpure, Ravichandra Chinnappa Reddy, Prahlad Kumar, Sreenivas A Nair, Raghuram Rao, Mohammed Yassin, Perry Mwangala, Rony Zachariah, Jamhoih Tonsing, Anthony D Harries, Sunil Khaparde
BACKGROUND: The Global Fund encourages operational research (OR) in all its grants; however very few reports describe this aspect. In India, Project Axshya was supported by a Global Fund grant to improve the reach and visibility of the government Tuberculosis (TB) services among marginalised and vulnerable communities. OR was incorporated to build research capacity of professionals working with the national TB programme and to generate evidence to inform policies and practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe how Project Axshya facilitated building OR capacity within the country, helped in addressing several TB control priority research questions, documented project activities and their outcomes, and influenced policy and practice...
2018: Global Health Action
Carlo Alberto Scirè, Cristina Rossi, Leonardo Punzi, Augusto Genderini, Claudio Borghi, Walter Grassi
Despite being regarded as an easily-treatable disease, gout diagnosis and management can be challenging. We discuss here current issues in gout management and propose some potential solutions. Gout diagnosis should be reached as early as possible and often requires specific tests, such as synovial fluid analysis or imaging techniques that are not available in most centers, leaving health care professionals to rely only on clinical presentations and their experience. In addition, gout management requires the evaluation of multiple aspects, such as monitoring of serum uric acid (sUA) level (which should be reduced to <6 mg/dL) to ensure adherence and efficacy of treatment, evaluation of patient's risk profile and comorbidities, and continuous assessments to manage clinical manifestations...
March 19, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Nanae Fukai, Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Chatchai Thanachokswang, Sara Arphorn, Msamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
We collected information necessary for conducting occupational health activities in Thailand with regard to occupational safety and health management systems (OSHMS). Based on an information collection check sheet developed in our previous research, we conducted a literature research and visited four local business bases, one ISO certification body and two higher educational institutions. The legal framework concerning occupational health in Thailand consists of the Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Act of 2011 and 13 ordinances from the Ministry of Labor under that act...
2018: Journal of UOEH
Louis Dwyer-Hemmings
Histories of twentieth-century surgery have focused on surgical 'firsts' - dramatic tales of revolutionary procedures. The history of tonsillectomy is less glamorous, but more widespread, representing the experience and understanding of medicine for hundreds of children, parents and surgeons daily. At the start of the twentieth century, tonsillectomy was routine - performed on at least 80 000 schoolchildren each year in Britain. However, by the 1980s, public and professional discourse condemned the operation as a 'dangerous fad'...
April 2018: Medical History
Johanna Tell, Ewy Olander, Peter Anderberg, Johan Sanmartin Berglund
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate child health-care coordinators' experiences of being a facilitator for the implementation of a new national child health-care programme in the form of a web-based national guide. METHODS: The study was based on eight remote, online focus groups, using Skype for Business. A qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: The analysis generated three categories: adapt to a local context, transition challenges and led by strong incentives...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Celeste H Claudio, Zoelle B Dizon, Tessie W October
BACKGROUND: Accessible information about palliative care available to the public on the Internet is growing. We do not know whether this information is consistent with the current accepted definition of palliative care. AIM: To identify resources on the Internet and social media regarding palliative care and evaluate the information conveyed. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of "palliative care" search results. SETTING: Top 10 Google websites, top 10 most viewed YouTube videos, and social media platforms, Facebook and Twitter, were searched...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Ad A Kaptein, Brian M Hughes, Michael Murray, Joshua M Smyth
Growing evidence suggests that the arts may be useful in health care and in the training of health care professionals. Four art genres - novels, films, paintings and music - are examined for their potential contribution to enhancing patient health and/or making better health care providers. Based on a narrative literature review, we examine the effects of passive (e.g. reading, watching, viewing and listening) and active (e.g. writing, producing, painting and performing) exposure to the four art genres, by both patients and health care providers...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Jo McEwen, Emma Burnett
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health concern. It is therefore imperative that healthcare professionals receive ongoing and relevant education and training to ensure they are competent in contributing to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS). At present, few undergraduate nursing programmes include AMS within their curriculum. Objective: The aim of the evaluation was to determine the relevancy of AMS within the undergraduate nursing programme through the perceptions of student nurses...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
Sandra Grace, Roger Engel, Ian Jalsion
The Australian chiropractic and osteopathic professions underwent a period of significant transformation between 1960 and 2000. This resulted in an improvement in the views held by the medical profession towards the two professions. However, a recent survey of Australian general practitioners (GPs) reported that a number of GPs still hold negative views towards chiropractors and osteopaths. This paper examines these views from the perspective of critical realism and explores the generative mechanisms that can influence the willingness of health practitioners to collaborate over patient care...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Mirjam N Landgraf, Lucia Albers, Birte Rahmsdorf, Katharina Vill, Lucia Gerstl, Michaela Lippert, Florian Heinen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the knowledge about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and the implementation of the German guideline for FASD among different professionals in the health and social system and among parents with children with FASD. METHODS: A questionnaire about FASD, containing 20 items, was sent by post to all children's hospitals (n = 287), all hospitals for child and adolescent psychiatry (n = 173), all social paediatric centres (n = 162), all neuropaediatricians (n = 129) and all youth welfare offices (n = 672) in Germany...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Angela Ju, Mark Unruh, Sara Davison, Juan Dapueto, Mary Amanda Dew, Richard Fluck, Michael Germain, Sarbjit V Jassal, Gregorio Obrador, Donal O'Donoghue, Michelle A Josephson, Jonathan C Craig, Andrea Viecelli, Emma O'Lone, Camilla S Hanson, Braden Manns, Benedicte Sautenet, Martin Howell, Bharathi Reddy, Caroline Wilkie, Claudia Rutherford, Allison Tong
Fatigue is one of the most highly prioritized outcomes for patients and clinicians, but remains infrequently and inconsistently reported across trials in hemodialysis. We convened an international Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology-Hemodialysis (SONG-HD) consensus workshop with stakeholders to discuss the development and implementation of a core outcome measure for fatigue. 15 patients/caregivers and 42 health professionals (clinicians, researchers, policy makers, and industry representatives) from 9 countries participated in breakout discussions...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Linda Aimée Hartford Kvæl, Jonas Debesay, Anne Langaas, Asta Bye, Astrid Bergland
OBJECTIVE: Although the concept of patient participation has been discussed for a number of years, there is still no clear definition of what constitutes the multidimensional concept, and the application of the concept in an intermediate care (IC) context lacks clarity. Therefore this paper seeks to identify and explore the attributes of the concept, to elaborate ways of understanding the concept of patient participation for geriatric patients in the context of IC. METHODS: Walker and Avant's model of Concept analysis [1] based on a literature review...
March 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Maria C Mirabelli, Tegan K Boehmer, Scott A Damon, Kanta D Sircar, Hilary K Wall, Fuyuen Y Yip, Hatice S Zahran, Paul L Garbe
INTRODUCTION: Poor air quality affects respiratory and cardiovascular health. Information about health risks associated with outdoor air quality is communicated to the public using air quality alerts. This study was conducted to assess associations of existing respiratory and heart disease with three aspects of air quality awareness: awareness of air quality alerts, discussing with a health professional strategies to reduce air pollution exposure, and avoiding busy roads to reduce air pollution exposure when walking, biking, or exercising outdoors...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Valentina Vanzi, Emanuela Tiozzo, Orsola Gawronski, Valentina Biagioli, Serena Tucci, Massimiliano Raponi
PURPOSE: Journal Clubs (JCs) for nurses and allied health professionals have been held in an Italian pediatric hospital since April 2008. This study aimed to: examine what type of articles have been used during JCs across 5years; investigate the potential implications for clinical and organizational practice; assess the participants' satisfaction about JCs and their contribution to professional development. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a retrospective design, all articles proposed in the JCs were examined...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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