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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545194/knowledge-attitudes-and-preventive-practice-towards-breast-cancer-among-general-practitioner-health-professionals-in-morocco
#1
Naima Abda, Adil Najdi, Samira El Fakir, Nabil Tachfouti, Mohamed Berraho, Youssef Chami Khazraji, Loubna Abousselham, Latifa Belakhel, Rachid Bekkali, Chakib Nejjari
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer of women in Morocco and its diagnosis is usually made at advanced stages. The aim of this study was to describe the knowledge, practices and attitudes of general practitioners regarding early detection of breast cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out during July 2011 on a sample of 140 general practitioners employed in basic health care facilities. Results: The majority (85.7%) of general practitioners were aware of the existence of a ministerial circular which aimed to generalize breast cancer screening...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544919/risk-factors-for-patient-reported-errors-during-cancer-follow-up-results-from-a-national-survey-in-denmark
#2
Anne Hjøllund Christiansen, Henriette Lipczak, Janne Lehmann Knudsen, Anne Mette Tranberg Kejs
Due to an increased cancer survival, more cancer patients are referred to follow-up after primary treatment. Knowledge of patient safety during follow-up is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To examine patient-reported errors during cancer follow-up and identify factors associated with errors. DESIGN: A national survey on cancer patients' experiences of treatment and aftercare was conducted in 2012, about two years following cancer diagnosis (N=6914). Associations between patient-reported errors during follow-up and covariates were examined using multiple logistic regression...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544780/spinal-metastatic-disease-a-review-of-the-role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#3
REVIEW
Mark Curtin, Robert P Piggott, Evelyn P Murphy, Sudarshan Munigangaiah, Joseph F Baker, John P McCabe, Aiden Devitt
Historically, a simple approach centered on palliation was applicable to the majority of patients with metastatic spinal disease. With advances in diagnosis and treatment, a more complicated algorithm has devolved requiring a multidisciplinary approach with institutional commitment and support. We performed a database review including pertinent articles exploring the multidisciplinary management of spinal metastatic disease. The wide variation in clinical presentation and tumor response to treatment necessitates a multidisciplinary approach that integrates the diagnosis and treatment of the cancer, symptom management, and rehabilitation for optimal care of patients with spinal metastases...
May 24, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544470/patients-help-seeking-experiences-and-delaying-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study
#4
Mariko Oshiro, Midori Kamizato
AIM: To identify the influencing factors in help-seeking behavior by comparing delayers with non-delayers in Japanese female patients with breast cancer. METHODS: This is a descriptive qualitative study. A total of 21 female patients with breast cancer (nine delayers and 12 non-delayers) who were at least 3 months to 5 years postdiagnosis were recruited from two hospitals in Okinawa, Japan. Semistructured interviews were carried out and the results were analyzed by using a qualitative inductive approach...
May 23, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544334/corruption-or-professional-dignity-an-ethical-examination-of-the-phenomenon-of-red-envelopes-monetary-gifts-in-medical-practice-in-china
#5
Wei Zhu, Lijie Wang, Chengshang Yang
In the medical practice in China, giving and taking "red envelopes" (monetary gifts) is a common phenomenon although few openly admit it. This paper, based on our empirical study including data collected from interviews and questionnaires with medical professionals and patients, attempts to explore why "red envelopes" have become a serious problem in the physician-patient relationship and how the situation can be improved. Previous studies show that scholars tend to correlate the spread of "red envelopes" in health care sector to the commercialization trend, the general erosion of traditional values, and the lowering of the moral level in the medical field...
May 21, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544053/sickness-sin-and-discrimination-some-contemporary-challenges-for-uk-mental-health-nursing-practice-with-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-lgb-people-and-communities
#6
Sarah Carr, Alfonso Pezzella
Curing 'homosexuality' or same-sex attraction has been a recurrent trope in Western psychiatry and mental health services for over a century. Despite the progress made in the UK with equality legislation, improvements in general social attitudes and the slowly increasing confidence of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals and communities (Carr, 2005), it appears to pose challenges for practice in the UK even today. This was recently highlighted in 2014 when the Department of Health requested the publication of a consensus statement from major UK mental health professional bodies outlining concern about and opposition to 'conversion' or 'reparative' therapy being offered to LGB people by practitioners (often working within a religious frame of reference) claiming to be able to 'cure' same-sex attraction (UK Council for Psychotherapy, 2014)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543969/the-public-s-perception-of-the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-wales
#7
Joanne Kember, Karen Hodson, Delyth H James
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the general public's perceptions of the community pharmacist's (CP) role in Wales by exploring understanding, awareness of services provided and potential interventions for promoting the role of CPs. METHODS: Qualitative methodology using focus group (FG) discussions exploring opinions, facilitated by a moderator (pharmacist) and an assistant. Topics discussed included the following: what a CP does; reasons for visiting; from whom they seek advice on medicines or lifestyle issues; use of traditional and newer services and promotion of services...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543954/health-professionals-personal-behaviours-hindering-health-promotion-a-study-of-nurses-who-smoke
#8
Agurtzane Mujika, María Arantzamendi, Olga Lopez-Dicastillo, Angus Forbes
AIM: To explore the views of current and ex-smoker nurses on their role in supporting patients to stop smoking. BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions are closely linked to harmful lifestyle behaviours, including smoking and overeating. Health professionals have an important role to play in promoting healthier lifestyles. It has been described that nurses' health behaviours may be a barrier to their health promotion practice. There is a need to gain further understanding on why nurses' health promotion activity is influenced by their own health behaviour...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543939/symptom-appraisal-help-seeking-and-lay-consultancy-for-symptoms-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
J A Queenan, Benjamin Gottlieb, Deb Feldman-Stewart, Stephen Hall, Jonathan Irish, Patti Groome
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis is important in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients in order to maximize the effectiveness of the treatments and minimize the debilitation associated with both the cancer and the invasive treatments of advanced disease. Many patients present with advanced disease, and there is little understanding as to why. This study investigated patients' symptom appraisal, help-seeking and lay-consultancy up to the time they first went to see a health care professional (HCP)...
May 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543884/psychological-factors-related-to-donation-behaviour-among-chinese-adults-results-from-a-longitudinal-investigation
#10
H Hu, T Wang, Q Fu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological factors currently influencing blood donation in China. This study investigated the structure of psychological factors and their correlation with donation behaviour of adults in a transforming city in China over a 6-month period. METHODS: Participants were recruited in Nanjing from May 2013 to April 2014. Preliminary focus group interviews with 102 participants were conducted to generate new items for a Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) questionnaire...
May 22, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543869/the-impact-on-relationships-following-disclosure-of-transgenderism-a-wife-s-tale
#11
C Watts, P Watts, E Collier, R Ashmore
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: The experiences of transgender people are becoming increasingly more visible in popular culture, biographical literature and the media. The topic has received little attention within the psychiatric and mental health nursing literature. There is a paucity of literature exploring the impact on relationships following a disclosure of transgenderism. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: A narrative account of the consequences for the wife of one transwoman and their relationships with friends and family following the disclosure of transgenderism...
June 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543830/weight-change-obesity-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-progression-among-men-with-clinically-localized-prostate-cancer
#12
Barbra A Dickerman, Thomas U Ahearn, Edward Giovannucci, Meir J Stampfer, Paul L Nguyen, Lorelei A Mucci, Kathryn M Wilson
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of fatal prostate cancer. We aimed to elucidate the relevant timing and importance of obesity and weight change for prostate cancer progression. We identified 5,158 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer (clinical stage T1/T2) from 1986-2012 in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Men were followed for biochemical recurrence and lethal prostate cancer (development of distant metastasis or prostate cancer-specific mortality) until 2012. Cox regression estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for body mass index (BMI) at age 21, BMI at diagnosis, "long-term" weight change from age 21 to diagnosis, and "short-term" weight change over spans of 4 and 8 years preceding diagnosis...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543670/health-and-social-care-planning-in-collaboration-in-older-persons-homes-the-perspectives-of-older-persons-family-members-and-professionals
#13
Malin Sundström, Pia Petersson, Margareta Rämgård, Linda Varland, Kerstin Blomqvist
Providing health and social care to older persons is challenging, since older persons often have multiple diseases and a complex health situation. Hence many professions and organisations are involved. Lack of interprofessional and interorganisational collaboration leads to fragmented care. Care planning meetings before hospital discharge have long been used to overcome this fragmentation, but meetings conducted at the hospital have limitations in identifying long-term needs at home. A new model for health and social care planning in collaboration (HSCPC) in older persons' homes was introduced in two Swedish municipalities...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543609/understanding-the-school-experiences-of-children-and-adolescents-with-serious-chronic-illness-a-systematic-meta-review
#14
REVIEW
A Lum, C E Wakefield, B Donnan, M A Burns, J E Fardell, G M Marshall
BACKGROUND: Serious chronic illness can have a detrimental effect on school attendance, participation and engagement, leaving affected students at risk of failing to meet their developmental potential. An improved understanding of factors that help to explain or mitigate this risk can help educators and health professionals deliver the most effective support. This meta-review critiqued the available evidence examining the link between six chronic illnesses (asthma, cancer, chronic kidney diseases, heart diseases, cystic fibrosis and gastrointestinal diseases) and children's and adolescents' school experiences and outcomes, as well as investigating the medical, school, psychosocial and sociodemographic factors that are linked to poorer or better school outcomes...
May 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543423/research-with-pregnant-women-new-insights-on-legal-decision-making
#15
Anna C Mastroianni, Leslie Meltzer Henry, David Robinson, Theodore Bailey, Ruth R Faden, Margaret O Little, Anne Drapkin Lyerly
U.S. researchers and scholars often point to two legal factors as significant obstacles to the inclusion of pregnant women in clinical research: the Department of Health and Human Services' regulatory limitations specific to pregnant women's research participation and the fear of liability for potential harm to children born following a pregnant woman's research participation. This article offers a more nuanced view of the potential legal complexities that can impede research with pregnant women than has previously been reflected in the literature...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543418/reconciling-patient-safety-and-epistemic-humility-an-ethical-use-of-opioid-treatment-plans
#16
Anita Ho
In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, Joshua Rager and Peter Schwartz suggest using opioid treatment agreements as public health monitoring tools to inform patients about "the requirements entailed by undergoing opioid therapy," rather than as contractual agreements to alter patients' individual behavior or to benefit them directly. Because Rager and Schwartz's argument presents suspected OTA violations as a justification to stop providing opioids yet does not highlight the broader epistemic and systemic context within which clinicians prescribe these medications, their proposal may perpetuate a climate of distrust and stigmatization without correcting systemic factors that may have placed patients and others at risk in the first place...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543376/the-everyday-risk-work-of-dutch-child-healthcare-professionals-inferring-safe-and-good-parenting-through-trust-as-mediated-by-a-lens-of-gender-and-class
#17
Gerlieke Veltkamp, Patrick Brown
Amidst intensifying policy concerns with children's wellbeing and development, healthcare professionals are required not only to assess risk of abuse and neglect, but to manage risk of 'poor parenting' more broadly. Drawing on 15 in-depth interviews and non-participant observations of 61 professional-family interactions, across four preventative public health services for children in the Netherlands, we explored how professionals accomplished such risk work amid intractable uncertainties. Building inferences from brief encounters with families, professionals gauged the extent to which they trusted parents to care 'appropriately'...
May 24, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543173/a-clinical-review-of-communication-training-for-haematologists-and-haemato-oncologists-a-case-of-art-versus-science
#18
REVIEW
Deborah Christie, Sarah Glew
The art of communication at times seems at odds with the science of medicine. Poor communication is associated with risks for patient and physician. Communication skills are highly relevant for haematologists and are associated with increased physician and patient satisfaction, positive psychosocial outcomes and possible health outcomes. Medical communication training has recently become widespread but is largely restricted to junior medical professionals. In haematology, the proliferation of high quality communication skills is low and there are few interventions catering for the required skillset...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543089/treatments-for-people-living-with-schizophrenia-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-adapted-realist-review
#19
REVIEW
S Chidarikire, M Cross, I Skinner, M Cleary
AIM: To identify the treatments and interventions available and their impact on people living with schizophrenia in Sub-Saharan Africa. BACKGROUND: Help-seeking behaviour and the choice of treatment are largely influenced by socio-cultural factors and beliefs about the causes of mental illness. This review addresses the gap in knowledge regarding the treatment options available to people living with schizophrenia in Sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN: Adapted realist literature review...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543046/prevalence-and-association-of-premenstrual-syndrome-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-with-academic-performance-among-female-university-students
#20
Jumana Hussein Shehadeh, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is particularly a female psychological disorder that has consequences on female students' behavior, cognitive abilities, mental health status, and academic performance. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD, and their relationship with academic performance among female university students in Jordan. METHOD: Prospective-correlational design was employed among 858 university students...
May 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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