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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#1
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351505/helping-mediating-and-gaining-recognition-the-everyday-identity-work-of-romanian-health-social-workers
#2
Alexandra Ciocănel, Florin Lazăr, Shari Munch, Cara Harmon, Georgiana-Cristina Rentea, Daniela Gaba, Anca Mihai
Health social work is a field with challenges, opportunities, and ways of professing social work that may vary between different national contexts. In this article, we look at how Romanian health social workers construct their professional identity through their everyday identity work. Drawing on a qualitative study based on interviews with 21 health social workers working in various organizational contexts, we analyze what health social workers say they do and how this shapes their self-conception as professionals...
January 19, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351141/an-exploration-of-emergency-physicians-attitudes-toward-patients-with-substance-use-disorder
#3
Cecelia Kathleen Mendiola, Giorgio Galetto, Michael Fingerhood
OBJECTIVES: Much is known about some healthcare professionals' attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders, but few studies have specifically looked at emergency department (ED) physicians. Individuals with substance use disorders are more likely to be people who chronically, frequently use the ED, and thus ED physicians are in a unique position to provide early identification and intervention for people struggling with addiction. The purpose of this study was to understand ED physicians' attitudes toward patients with substance use disorder with the aim of decreasing stigma and improving the care of ED patients with substance use disorder...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351133/using-clinical-questions-asked-by-primary-care-providers-through-econsults-to-inform-continuing-professional-development
#4
Douglas Archibald, Clare Liddy, Heather A Lochnan, Paul J Hendry, Erin J Keely
INTRODUCTION: Continuing professional development (CPD) offerings should address the educational needs of health care providers. Innovative programs, such as electronic consultations (eConsults), provide unique educational opportunities for practice-based needs assessment. The purpose of this study is to assess whether CPD offerings match the needs of physicians by coding and comparing session content to clinical questions asked through eConsults. METHODS: This study analyzes questions asked by primary care providers between July 2011 and January 2015 using a service that allows specialists to provide consultation over a secure web-based server...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351116/treatment-of-postpartum-depression-recommendations-for-the-clinician
#5
Michael W O'Hara, Jane Engeldinger
Postpartum depression is a significant public health problem affecting almost 600,000 US women every year. It may arise de novo in the postpartum period or continue from pregnancy. A number of evidence-based psychotherapies and medical treatments exist for major depression and postpartum depression. The obstetrical team has many opportunities to identify high risk and depressed women and refer them to mental health professionals or begin treatment with antidepressant medication. Careful assessment of risk factors for postpartum depression during pregnancy and monitoring depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period will lead to better outcomes for women and their families...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351085/how-to-prepare-interprofessional-teams-in-two-weeks-an-innovative-education-program-nested-in-telehealth
#6
Tina Sweeney Haney, Karen Kott, Carolyn M Rutledge, Bruce Britton, Christianne Nesbitt Fowler, Rebecca D Poston
PROBLEM: Preparing health professional students for interprofessional collaborative practice, especially at a distance where provider shortages prevail remains difficult. APPROACH: A two-week interprofessional education (IPE) immersion experience preparing students from 11 disciplines and four universities was implemented. Week-one, using online technology, students develop/present an interprofessional careplan for a complex patient. Students then meet face-to-face to conduct group interviews with two standardized patient dyads...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350552/role-strain-part-2-perceptions-among-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-practice-setting
#7
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Kirk Brumels
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) employed in the professional sports setting (ATPSSs) demonstrate moderate to high degrees of role strain. The experiences and perceptions of these ATs provide insight regarding the sources of role strain as well as ways to reduce it. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the perceptions of ATPSSs regarding role strain. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   From a purposeful sampling of 389 ATs employed in the 5 major sport leagues (Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, National Football League, and National Hockey League), we identified 34 participants willing to participate in a phone interview...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#8
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349892/-can-the-patient-speak-postcolonialism-and-patient-involvement-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#9
Malika Sharma
CONTEXT: Patients are increasingly being engaged in providing feedback and consultation to health care institutions, and in the training of health care professionals. Such involvement has the potential to disrupt traditional doctor-patient power dynamics in significant ways that have not been theorised in the medical literature. Critical theories can help us understand how power flows when patients are engaged in the training of medical students. METHODS: This paper applies postcolonial theory to the involvement of patients in the development and delivery of medical education...
January 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349854/implementing-health-and-social-care-integration-in-scotland-renegotiating-new-partnerships-in-changing-cultures-of-care
#10
Charlotte Pearson, Nick Watson
Health and social care integration has been a long-term goal for successive governments in Scotland, culminating in the implementation of the recent Public Bodies (Joint Working) Scotland Act 2014. This laid down the foundations for the delegation of health and social care functions and resources to newly formed Integrated Joint Boards. It put in place demands for new ways of working and partnership planning. In this article, we explore the early implementation of this Act and how health and social care professionals and the third sector have begun to renegotiate their roles...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349844/exploration-of-joint-working-practices-on-anti-social-behaviour-between-criminal-justice-mental-health-and-social-care-agencies-a-qualitative-study
#11
Anne Krayer, Catherine A Robinson, Rob Poole
Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus is on behaviours that could be interpreted as anti-social. This study explores perceptions about joint working between mental health, social care and police services with regard to anti-social behaviour...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349777/in-bed-cycling-in-the-icu-patient-safety-and-recollections-with-motivational-effects
#12
M Ringdal, M Warren Stomberg, K Egnell, E Wennberg, R Zätterman, C Rylander
BACKGROUND: In-bed cycling (IBC) is gaining interest for implementation in intensive care units. Our main objective was to explore patient recollections and experiences of early mobilization, including IBC. Secondly, we aimed to examine if IBC was safe and feasible. METHODS: Eleven participants were interviewed about their experiences during their critical illnesses and active mobilization in the intensive care unit. The interviews were analyzed thematically. Six participants were also monitored for physiological reactions and adverse events during IBC while mechanically ventilated...
January 18, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349753/expensive-care-resource-based-thresholds-for-potentially-inappropriate-treatment-in-intensive-care
#13
Dominic Wilkinson, Stavros Petrou, Julian Savulescu
In intensive care, disputes sometimes arise when patients or surrogates strongly desire treatment, yet health professionals regard it as potentially inappropriate. While professional guidelines confirm that physicians are not always obliged to provide requested treatment, determining when treatment would be inappropriate is extremely challenging. One potential reason for refusing to provide a desired and potentially beneficial treatment is because (within the setting of limited resources) this would harm other patients...
January 18, 2018: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348085/toxic-effect-of-common-poisonous-plants-of-district-bannu-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#14
Rehman Ullah Khan, Sultan Mehmood, Saad Ullah Khan
The present paper was a part of Ph.D research work, conducted during the year 2014, in which 87 poisonous plants belonging to 54 genera, were collected, documented and preserved in the herbarium of Bannu, Department of Botany UST, Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkwa Pakistan. The plants were identified botanically, arranged alphabetically along with their Latin name, family name, common name, poisonous parts, toxicity, affects, toxin and their effects. Aim of the study was to induce awareness in the local people of district Bannu about the poisonous effects of the commonly used plants...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348051/midwives-understanding-of-physical-activity-guidelines-during-pregnancy
#15
Yvonne Hopkinson, Denise M Hill, Lindsey Fellows, Simon Fryer
OBJECTIVE: to examine the current level of understanding held by midwives regarding the NICE physical activity guidelines in the UK, and to investigate the physical activity guidance given to women during pregnancy. DESIGN: an 11 question online survey comprising of a mixture of closed and open ended questions. SETTING: data reflects participants sampled across the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: fifty-nine midwives completed the online survey MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: an electronic survey was used to explore the midwives understanding of physical activity guidelines during pregnancy, and the advice they offered to women in their care...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347833/how-should-we-understand-family-centred-care
#16
Suzanne Uniacke, Tamara Kayali Browne, Linda Shields
What is family-centred care of a hospitalized child? A critical understanding of the concept of family-centred care is necessary if this widely preferred model is to be differentiated from other health care ideals and properly evaluated as appropriate to the care of hospitalized children. The article identifies distinguishable interpretations of family-centred care that can pull health professionals in different, sometimes conflicting directions. Some of these interpretations are not qualitatively different from robust interpretations of the ideals of parental participation, care-by-parent and partnership in care that are said to be the precursors of family-centred care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347826/acceptability-of-hiv-cure-related-trials-the-challenges-for-physicians-and-people-living-with-hiv-anrs-apsec
#17
Marie Preau, Marjolaine Doumergue, Christel Protiere, Cécile Goujard, Marion Mora, Laurence Meyer, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, François Raffi, Bruno Spire, Olivier Lambotte, Marie Suzan-Monti
Essential HIV cure-related clinical trials (HCRCT) have a potentially high-risk profile in terms of participants' health, which could hinder enrollment by people living with HIV (PLWH) and healthcare professionals (HP). The ANRS-APSEC survey is part of the IAS "Towards an HIV cure" initiative, which promotes multidisciplinary research for a safe, affordable and scalable cure. The study objectives were to understand the psychosocial mechanisms underlying PLWH and HP viewpoints about future HCRCT. Six focus group discussions (three with PLWH (n = 21) and three with HP (n = 30)) were held in three French infectious disease units...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346557/peer-supporters-experiences-on-an-australian-perinatal-mental-health-helpline
#18
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Perinatal mental health is an important public health issue, and peer support is a potentially important strategy for emotional well-being in the perinatal period. PANDA Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia provides support to individuals impacted by perinatal mental health issues via the National Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Helpline. Callers receive peer support from volunteers and counselling from paid professional staff. The views and experiences of PANDA peer support volunteers have not previously been studied...
January 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346484/association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-men-and-women
#19
Fred K Tabung, Li Liu, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Yin Cao, Frank B Hu, Shuji Ogino, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci
Importance: Inflammation is important in colorectal cancer development. Diet modulates inflammation and may thus be a crucial modifiable factor in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: To examine whether proinflammatory diets are associated with increased colorectal cancer risk by using an empirical dietary inflammatory pattern (EDIP) score based on a weighted sum of 18 food groups that characterizes dietary inflammatory potential based on circulating levels of inflammation biomarkers...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346448/a-cross-sectional-study-to-estimate-prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-in-a-population-of-dogs-canis-familiaris-in-commercial-breeding-facilities-in-indiana-and-illinois
#20
Judith L Stella, Amy E Bauer, Candace C Croney
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were: 1) to estimate the prevalence and characterize the severity of periodontal disease in a population of dogs housed in commercial breeding facilities; 2) to characterize PD preventive care utilized by facility owners; and 3) to assess inter-rater reliability of a visual scoring assessment tool. Adult dogs (N = 445) representing 42 breeds at 24 CB facilities in Indiana and Illinois were assessed. Periodontal disease was scored visually using the American Veterinary Dental Collage 0-IV scale...
2018: PloS One
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