Read by QxMD icon Read


Ryan N Doan, Byoung-Il Bae, Beatriz Cubelos, Cindy Chang, Amer A Hossain, Samira Al-Saad, Nahit M Mukaddes, Ozgur Oner, Muna Al-Saffar, Soher Balkhy, Generoso G Gascon, Marta Nieto, Christopher A Walsh
Comparative analyses have identified genomic regions potentially involved in human evolution but do not directly assess function. Human accelerated regions (HARs) represent conserved genomic loci with elevated divergence in humans. If some HARs regulate human-specific social and behavioral traits, then mutations would likely impact cognitive and social disorders. Strikingly, rare biallelic point mutations-identified by whole-genome and targeted "HAR-ome" sequencing-showed a significant excess in individuals with ASD whose parents share common ancestry compared to familial controls, suggesting a contribution in 5% of consanguineous ASD cases...
October 6, 2016: Cell
Simran Kaur, Yan Coulombe, Zubaidah M Ramdzan, Lam Leduy, Jean-Yves Masson, Alain Nepveu
Base excision repair is initiated by DNA glycosylases that recognize specific altered bases. DNA glycosylases for oxidized bases carry both a glycosylase activity that removes the faulty base and an apyrimidinic/apurinic (AP)-lyase activity that introduces a single-strand DNA incision. In particular, the CUT domains within the CUX1 and CUX2 proteins were recently shown to interact with the 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase and stimulate its enzymatic activities. SATB1, which contains two CUT domains, was originally characterized as a T-cell specific genome organizer whose aberrant overexpression in breast cancer can promote tumor progression...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Tetsurou Ikeda, Maria Fragiadaki, Xu Shi-Wen, Markella Ponticos, Korsa Khan, Christopher Denton, Patricia Garcia, George Bou-Gharios, Akio Yamakawa, Chikao Morimoto, David Abraham
This data article contains complementary figures related to the research article entitled, "Transforming growth factor-β-induced CUX1 isoforms are associated with fibrosis in systemic sclerosis lung fibroblasts" (Ikeda et al. (2016) [2],, which presents that TGF-β increased CUX1 binding in the proximal promoter and enhancer of the COL1A2 and regulated COL1. Further, in the scleroderma (SSc) lung and diffuse alveolar damage lung sections, CUX1 localized within the α- smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) positive cells (Fragiadaki et al...
September 2016: Data in Brief
Nissrine Ballout, Isabelle Frappé, Sophie Péron, Mohamed Jaber, Kazem Zibara, Afsaneh Gaillard
Injury to the human central nervous system can lead to devastating consequences due to its poor ability to self-repair. Neural transplantation aimed at replacing lost neurons and restore functional circuitry has proven to be a promising therapeutical avenue. We previously reported in adult rodent animal models with cortical lesions that grafted fetal cortical neurons could effectively re-establish specific patterns of projections and synapses. The current study was designed to provide a detailed characterization of the spatio-temporal in vivo development of fetal cortical transplanted cells within the lesioned adult motor cortex and their corresponding axonal projections...
2016: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
Isabelle Chang, Marta Parrilla
Homeodomain proteins are encoded by homeobox genes and regulate development and differentiation in many neuronal systems. The mouse vomeronasal organ (VNO) generates in situ mature chemosensory neurons from stem cells. The roles of homeodomain proteins in neuronal differentiation in the VNO are poorly understood. Here we have characterized the expression patterns of 28 homeobox genes in the VNO of C57BL/6 mice at postnatal stages using multicolor fluorescent in situ hybridization. We identified 11 homeobox genes (Dlx3, Dlx4, Emx2, Lhx2, Meis1, Pbx3, Pknox2, Pou6f1, Tshz2, Zhx1, Zhx3) that were expressed exclusively in neurons; 4 homeobox genes (Pax6, Six1, Tgif1, Zfhx3) that were expressed in all non-neuronal cell populations, with Pax6, Six1 and Tgif1 also expressed in some neuronal progenitors and precursors; 12 homeobox genes (Adnp, Cux1, Dlx5, Dlx6, Meis2, Pbx2, Pknox1, Pou2f1, Satb1, Tshz1, Tshz3, Zhx2) with expression in both neuronal and non-neuronal cell populations; and one homeobox gene (Hopx) that was exclusively expressed in the non-sensory epithelium...
July 2016: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
Balraj Singh, Hannah E Kinne, Ryan D Milligan, Laura J Washburn, Mark Olsen, Anthony Lucci
We have previously shown that only 0.01% cells survive a metabolic challenge involving lack of glutamine in culture medium of SUM149 triple-negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer cell line. These cells, designated as SUM149-MA for metabolic adaptability, are resistant to chemotherapeutic drugs, and they efficiently metastasize to multiple organs in nude mice. We hypothesized that obesity-related molecular networks, which normally help in cellular and organismal survival under metabolic challenges, may help in the survival of MA cells...
2016: PloS One
Masaru Katoh
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)2, FGF4, FGF7 and FGF20 are representative paracrine FGFs binding to heparan-sulfate proteoglycan and fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs), whereas FGF19, FGF21 and FGF23 are endocrine FGFs binding to Klotho and FGFRs. FGFR1 is relatively frequently amplified and overexpressed in breast and lung cancer, and FGFR2 in gastric cancer. BCR-FGFR1, CNTRL-FGFR1, CUX1-FGFR1, FGFR1OP-FGFR1, MYO18A-FGFR1 and ZMYM2-FGFR1 fusions in myeloproliferative neoplasms are non-receptor-type FGFR kinases, whereas FGFR1-TACC1, FGFR2-AFF3, FGFR2-BICC1, FGFR2-PPHLN1, FGFR3-BAIAP2L1 and FGFR3-TACC3 fusions in solid tumors are transmembrane-type FGFRs with C-terminal alterations...
July 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
M S Huh, D Ivanochko, L E Hashem, M Curtin, M Delorme, E Goodall, K Yan, D J Picketts
Expansive growth of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is a prerequisite to the temporal waves of neuronal differentiation that generate the six-layered neocortex, while also placing a heavy burden on proteins that regulate chromatin packaging and genome integrity. This problem is further reflected by the growing number of developmental disorders caused by mutations in chromatin regulators. ATRX gene mutations cause a severe intellectual disability disorder (α-thalassemia mental retardation X-linked (ATRX) syndrome; OMIM no...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
George Stratigopoulos, Lisa Cole Burnett, Richard Rausch, Richard Gill, David Barth Penn, Alicja A Skowronski, Charles A LeDuc, Anthony J Lanzano, Pumin Zhang, Daniel R Storm, Dieter Egli, Rudolph L Leibel
Noncoding polymorphisms in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene represent common alleles that are strongly associated with effects on food intake and adiposity in humans. Previous studies have suggested that the obesity-risk allele rs8050136 in the first intron of FTO alters a regulatory element recognized by the transcription factor CUX1, thereby leading to decreased expression of FTO and retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator-interacting protein-1 like (RPGRIP1L). Here, we evaluated the effects of rs8050136 and another potential CUX1 element in rs1421085 on expression of nearby genes in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived (iPSC-derived) neurons...
May 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Shu-Hao Hsu, Evan R Delgado, P Anthony Otero, Kun-Yu Teng, Huban Kutay, Kolin M Meehan, Justin B Moroney, Jappmann K Monga, Nicholas J Hand, Joshua R Friedman, Kalpana Ghoshal, Andrew W Duncan
UNLABELLED: A defining feature of the mammalian liver is polyploidy, a numerical change in the entire complement of chromosomes. The first step of polyploidization involves cell division with failed cytokinesis. Although polyploidy is common, affecting ∼90% of hepatocytes in mice and 50% in humans, the specialized role played by polyploid cells in liver homeostasis and disease remains poorly understood. The goal of this study was to identify novel signals that regulate polyploidization, and we focused on microRNAs (miRNAs)...
August 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Amila Zuko, Asami Oguro-Ando, Roland van Dijk, Sara Gregorio-Jordan, Bert van der Zwaag, J Peter H Burbach
The gene encoding the neural cell adhesion molecule Contactin-6 (Cntn6 a.k.a. NB-3) has been implicated as an autism risk gene, suggesting that its mutation is deleterious to brain development. Due to its GPI-anchor at Cntn6 may exert cell adhesion/receptor functions in complex with other membrane proteins, or serve as a ligand. We aimed to uncover novel phenotypes related to Cntn6 functions during development in the cerebral cortex of adult Cntn6(-/-) mice. We first determined Cntn6 protein and mRNA expression in the cortex, thalamic nuclei and the hippocampus at P14, which decreased specifically in the cortex at adult stages...
July 3, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Yang Zhao, Jia-Wei Tang, Zhi Yang, Yi-Bin Cao, Ji-Long Ren, Yuval Ben-Abu, Kexin Li, Xue-Qun Chen, Ji-Zeng Du, Eviatar Nevo
Epigenetic modifications play significant roles in adaptive evolution. The tumor suppressor p53, well known for controlling cell fate and maintaining genomic stability, is much less known as a master gene in environmental adaptation involving methylation modifications. The blind subterranean mole rat Spalax eherenbergi superspecies in Israel consists of four species that speciated peripatrically. Remarkably, the northern Galilee species Spalax galili (2n = 52) underwent adaptive ecological sympatric speciation, caused by the sharply divergent chalk and basalt ecologies...
February 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yao-Zhong Liu, Pooja Maney, Jyoti Puri, Yu Zhou, Melody Baddoo, Michael Strong, Yu-Ping Wang, Erik Flemington, Hong-Wen Deng
BACKGROUND: Monocytes are an important cell type in chronic periodontitis (CP) by interacting with oral bacteria and mediating host immune response. The aim of this study was to reveal new functional genes and pathways for CP at monocyte transcriptomic level. METHODS: We performed an RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) study of peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs) in 5 non-smoking moderate to severe CP (case) individuals vs. 5 controls. We took advantage of a microarray study of periodontitis to support our findings...
May 1, 2016: Gene
Fernanda M Rodríguez-Tornos, Carlos G Briz, Linnea A Weiss, Alvaro Sebastián-Serrano, Saúl Ares, Marta Navarrete, Laura Frangeul, Maria Galazo, Denis Jabaudon, José A Esteban, Marta Nieto
Neuronal subtype-specific transcription factors (TFs) instruct key features of neuronal function and connectivity. Activity-dependent mechanisms also contribute to wiring and circuit assembly, but whether and how they relate to TF-directed neuronal differentiation is poorly investigated. Here we demonstrate that the TF Cux1 controls the formation of the layer II/III corpus callosum (CC) projections through the developmental transcriptional regulation of Kv1 voltage-dependent potassium channels and the resulting postnatal switch to a Kv1-dependent firing mode...
February 3, 2016: Neuron
Peter C Brunjes, Stephen K Osterberg
Neurons in the cerebral cortex stratify on the basis of their time of origin, axonal terminations and the molecular identities assigned during early development. Olfactory cortices share many feature with the neocortex, including clear lamination and similar cell types. The present study demonstrates that the markers differentially expressed in the projection neurons of the cerebral cortex are also found in olfactory areas. Three of the four regions examined (pars principalis of the anterior olfactory nucleus: AONpP, anterior and posterior piriform cortices: APC, PPC, and the olfactory tubercle) expressed transcription factors found in deep or superficial neurons in the developing neocortex, though large differences were found between areas...
2015: PloS One
Xiaoxi Liu, Takafumi Shimada, Takeshi Otowa, Yu-Yu Wu, Yoshiya Kawamura, Mamoru Tochigi, Yasuhide Iwata, Tadashi Umekage, Tomoko Toyota, Motoko Maekawa, Yoshimi Iwayama, Katsuaki Suzuki, Chihiro Kakiuchi, Hitoshi Kuwabara, Yukiko Kano, Hisami Nishida, Toshiro Sugiyama, Nobumasa Kato, Chia-Hsiang Chen, Norio Mori, Kazuo Yamada, Takeo Yoshikawa, Kiyoto Kasai, Katsushi Tokunaga, Tsukasa Sasaki, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder with strong genetic basis. To identify common genetic variations conferring the risk of ASD, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association study using ASD family and healthy control samples obtained from East Asian populations. A total of 166 ASD families (n = 500) and 642 healthy controls from the Japanese population were used as the discovery cohort. Approximately 900,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped using Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP array 6...
March 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Ranjana Pal, Zubaidah M Ramdzan, Simran Kaur, Philippe M Duquette, Richard Marcotte, Lam Leduy, Sayeh Davoudi, Nathalie Lamarche-Vane, Angelo Iulianella, Alain Nepveu
CUX1 and CUX2 proteins are characterized by the presence of three highly similar regions called Cut repeats 1, 2, and 3. Although CUX1 is ubiquitously expressed, CUX2 plays an important role in the specification of neuronal cells and continues to be expressed in postmitotic neurons. Cut repeats from the CUX1 protein were recently shown to stimulate 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1), an enzyme that removes oxidized purines from DNA and introduces a single strand break through its apurinic/apyrimidinic lyase activity to initiate base excision repair...
September 11, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Stefan Nagel, Stefan Ehrentraut, Corinna Meyer, Maren Kaufmann, Hans G Drexler, Roderick A F MacLeod
Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare chronic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of unclear pathogenesis. Recent studies have identified BRAF(V600E) mutations in most HCL patients, highlighting this abnormality as a molecular hallmark for this disease. Cell lines originating from HCL patients lack BRAF mutations but retain the typical piliferous morphology and the distinctive HCL immunophenotype, thus, constituting suitable tools for identifying alternative tumor genes and leukemic mechanisms in this malignancy...
July 2015: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
Sara Cipriani, Jeannette Nardelli, Catherine Verney, Anne-Lise Delezoide, Fabien Guimiot, Pierre Gressens, Homa Adle-Biassette
The molecular mechanisms underlying the formation of hippocampus are unknown in humans. To improve our knowledge of molecules that potentially regulate pyramidal neurogenesis and layering in various hippocampal fields, we investigated the expression of progenitor markers and cell fate molecules from gestational week (GW) 9 to GW 20. At GW 9, the progenitor cell compartment of the hippocampal formation mainly consisted of PAX6(+) cells in the ventricular zone. Between GW 9 and 11, a second germinal area, the subventricular zone (SVZ), was formed, as shown by TBR2 labeling...
March 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Zubaidah M Ramdzan, Ranjana Pal, Simran Kaur, Lam Leduy, Ginette Bérubé, Sayeh Davoudi, Charles Vadnais, Alain Nepveu
Despite having long telomeres, mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) senesce more rapidly than human diploid fibroblasts because of the accumulation of oxidative DNA damage. The CUX1 homeodomain protein was recently found to prevent senescence in RAS-driven cancer cells that produce elevated levels of reactive-oxygen species. Here we show that Cux1-/- MEFs are unable to proliferate in atmospheric (20%) oxygen although they can proliferate normally in physiological (3%) oxygen levels. CUX1 contains three domains called Cut repeats...
February 28, 2015: Oncotarget
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"