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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174604/challenging-the-foundations-of-the-clinical-model-of-foot-function-further-evidence-that-the-root-model-assessments-fail-to-appropriately-classify-foot-function
#1
Hannah L Jarvis, Christopher J Nester, Peter D Bowden, Richard K Jones
BACKGROUND: The Root model of normal and abnormal foot function remains the basis for clinical foot orthotic practice globally. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between foot deformities and kinematic compensations that are the foundations of the model. METHODS: A convenience sample of 140 were screened and 100 symptom free participants aged 18-45 years were invited to participate. The static biomechanical assessment described by the Root model was used to identify five foot deformities...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174473/calf-muscle-activity-alteration-with-foot-orthoses-insertion-during-walking-measured-by-fine-wire-electromyography
#2
Hiroshi Akuzawa, Atsushi Imai, Satoshi Iizuka, Naoto Matsunaga, Koji Kaneoka
[Purpose] The purpose of the study was to assess the muscle activity change of the tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, and peroneus longus during gait with orthoses. [Subjects and Methods] Sixteen healthy males participated in this study. Activity of each muscle was measured by using fine-wire and surface electromyography. Gait task was performed by the participants barefoot, with footwear and with orthoses. The electromyography data from a stance phase of each gait trial were used for analysis. The stance phase was divided into contact, midstance, and propulsion phases...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160014/the-incidence-and-clinical-outcomes-of-peroneal-nerve-injuries-associated-with-posterolateral-corner-injuries-of-the-knee
#3
T J Ridley, Mark A McCarthy, Matthew J Bollier, Brian R Wolf, Annunziato Amendola
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the incidence of complete and partial peroneal nerve injuries in patients with posterolateral corner (PLC) knee injuries; additionally, to compare patient-reported outcomes among patients with and without peroneal nerve injury and to examine the factors that predict the recovery of nerve function. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who underwent PLC reconstruction or repair from 2000 to 2012 with a minimum 6-month clinical follow-up...
February 3, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148667/the-effect-of-two-different-orthoses-on-pain-hand-function-patient-satisfaction-and-preference-in-patients-with-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-a-multicentre-crossover-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A E van der Vegt, R Grond, J S Grüschke, M F Boomsma, C H Emmelot, P U Dijkstra, C K van der Sluis
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the Push Ortho Thumb Brace CMC and a custom-made orthosis in the treatment of patients with primary osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. Our outcome measures were pain scores, tests of hand function, patient satisfaction and patient preference. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre crossover randomised controlled trial was conducted which included 63 patients (44 women) with primary osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138341/the-foot-orthoses-versus-hip-exercises-fohx-trial-for-patellofemoral-pain-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-to-determine-if-foot-mobility-is-associated-with-better-outcomes-from-foot-orthoses
#5
Mark Matthews, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Andrew Claus, Tom McPoil, Robert Nee, Kay Crossley, Jessica Kasza, Sanjoy Paul, Rebecca Mellor, Bill Vicenzino
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a prevalent, often recalcitrant and multifactorial knee pain condition. One method to optimize treatment outcome is to tailor treatments to the patient's presenting characteristics. Foot orthoses and hip exercises are two such treatments for PFP with proven efficacy yet target different ends of the lower limb with different proposed mechanisms of effect. These treatments have not been compared head-to-head, so there is a dearth of evidence for which to use clinically...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114267/the-clubfoot-over-the-centuries
#6
Ilaria Sanzarello, Matteo Nanni, Cesare Faldini
The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years through the documentation present in the literature and art with the aim of better understanding the pathoanatomy of the deformity, but to also clarify factors that allow a safe, logical approach to clubfoot management. The initial part of this paper traces the most representative iconographic representations of clubfoot in history to describe how his presence was witnessed since ancient times. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was the first to present written references about treatment methods of clubfoot...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#7
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106574/walking-ability-of-spinal-cord-injury-individuals-how-to-improve-it
#8
Morteza Sadeghi, Gholam Hussein Ghasemi, Mohammad Taghi Karimi
BACKGROUND: Subjects with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) should use various assistive devices to stand and walk. Unfortunately they suffer from slow walking speed, high energy consumption, and too much force applied on upper limb while walking. The aim of this study was to determine the gap between the gait performance of SCI and normal subjects to conclude how the performance of SCI can be improved. METHOD: Three groups of SCI walked with orthosis, SCI walked without orthosis, and normal subjects were recruited in this study...
January 13, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100099/a-user-centered-qualitative-study-on-experiences-with-ankle-foot-orthoses-and-suggestions-for-improved-design
#9
Dymphy van der Wilk, Juha Markus Hijmans, Klaas Postema, Gijsbertus Jacob Verkerke
BACKGROUND: Improving ankle-foot orthosis design can best be done by implementing a user-centered approach. OBJECTIVE: To provide insight into the ideas of ankle-foot orthosis users with flaccid ankle muscle paresis on the importance of activities and suggestions for an improved ankle-foot orthosis design. STUDY DESIGN: A focus-group discussion with eight ankle-foot orthosis users (57 ± 5 years, 50% female). METHODS: Main inclusion criteria were as follows: ⩾18 years, unable to stand on tip-toe and unable to lift toes...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066530/play-hands-protective-gloves-technical-note-on-design-and-concept
#10
Michele Houston-Hicks, Derek J Lura, M Jason Highsmith
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the leading cause of childhood motor disability, with a global incidence of 1.6 to 2.5/1,000 live births. Approximately 23% of children with CP are dependent upon assistive technologies. Some children with developmental disabilities have self-injurious behaviors such as finger biting but also have therapeutic needs. The purpose of this technical note is to describe design considerations for a protective glove and finger covering that maintains finger dexterity for children who exhibit finger and hand chewing (dermatophagia) and require therapeutic range of motion and may benefit from sensory stimulation resulting from constant contact between glove and skin...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027043/optimal-grasp-distance-and-muscle-loads-for-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-using-carpometacarpal-and-metacarpophalangeal-immobilization-orthoses
#11
Chien-Hsiou Liu, Kai-Shun Yip, Shih-Chen Fan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate whether people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) require greater muscle loads to equal the grip strength of healthy adults and to find the optimal grip distance for people with RA using carpometacarpal and metacarpophalangeal immobilization orthoses as measured by electromyography of the forearm muscles. METHOD: A 2 × 2 (Group × Orthosis) experiment and a 2 × 3 (Orthosis × Grasp Distance) factorial were conducted...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009675/effects-of-foot-and-ankle-devices-on-balance-gait-and-falls-in-adults-with-sensory-perception-loss-a-systematic-review
#12
Joanne Paton, Anna L Hatton, Keith Rome, Bridie Kent
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle devices are being developed as a method of preventing people with sensory perception loss sustaining a fall. Such devices are believed to work by reducing the likelihood of a fall by improving the balance and gait of the user. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot and ankle devices for the prevention of falls and the improvement of balance and gait in adults with sensory perception loss. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Participants were community-dwelling adults with bilateral pathological sensory perception loss...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996894/motivation-expectations-and-usability-of-a-driven-gait-orthosis-in-stroke-patients-and-their-therapists
#13
Eva Swinnen, Nina Lefeber, Ward Willaert, Fallon De Neef, Lyn Bruyndonckx, Annemie Spooren, Marc Michielsen, Tine Ramon, Eric Kerckhofs
BACKGROUND: In the development of efficacious driven gait orthoses (DGO), it is an added value to consider patients' and therapists' perspectives concerning robot-assisted gait training (RAGT). A better understanding of these issues may improve the process of care and outcome. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine stroke patients' motivation and expectations of RAGT, and therapists' expectations and perspectives on the usability of RAGT. Additionally, the differences in expectations between stroke patients and their therapists were analyzed...
December 20, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988341/can-lumbosacral-orthoses-cause-trunk-muscle-weakness-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Fatemeh Azadinia, Esmaeil Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mojtaba Kamyab, Mohamad Parnianpour, Jacek Cholewicki, Nader Maroufi
BACKGROUND: Wearing lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) is one of the most common treatments prescribed for conservative management of low back pain. While the results of randomized controlled trials suggest effectiveness of LSO in reducing pain and disability in these patients, there is a concern that prolonged use of LSO may lead to trunk muscle weakness and atrophy. PURPOSE: The present review aimed to evaluate available evidence in literature to determine whether LSO result in trunk muscle weakness and/or atrophy...
December 14, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987301/evaluating-the-effects-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-mechanical-property-assumptions-on-gait-simulation-muscle-force-results
#15
Amy K Hegarty, Anthony J Petrella, Max J Kurz, Anne K Silverman
Musculoskeletal modeling and simulation techniques have been used to gain insights into movement disabilities for many populations, such as ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP). The individuals who can benefit from these techniques are often limited to those who can walk without assistive devices, due to challenges in accurately modeling these devices. Specifically, many children with CP require the use of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) to improve their walking ability, and modeling these devices is important to understand their role in walking mechanics...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982715/the-effect-of-footwear-adapted-with-a-multi-curved-rocker-sole-in-conjunction-with-knee-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-walking-in-poliomyelitis-subjects-a-pilot-study
#16
Ali Mojaver, Mokhtar Arazpour, Gholamreza Aminian, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Guive Sharifi, Arash Sherafatvaziri
BACKGROUND: Knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs) are used by people with poliomyelitis to ambulate. Whist advances in orthotic knee joint designs for use in KAFOs such the provision of stance control capability have proven efficacy, little attention has been paid to shoe adaptations which may also improve gait. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the alteration to the kinematics and temporal-spatial parameters of gait caused by the use of heel-to-toe rocker-soled footwear when ambulating with KAFOs...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965435/can-we-predict-the-outcome-for-people-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review-on-prognostic-factors-and-treatment-effect-modifiers
#17
M Matthews, M S Rathleff, A Claus, T McPoil, R Nee, K Crossley, B Vicenzino
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a multifactorial and often persistent knee condition. One strategy to enhance patient outcomes is using clinically assessable patient characteristics to predict the outcome and match a specific treatment to an individual. AIM: A systematic review was conducted to determine which baseline patient characteristics were (1) associated with patient outcome (prognosis); or (2) modified patient outcome from a specific treatment (treatment effect modifiers)...
December 13, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965200/foot-orthoses-reduce-sports-injury-but-shock-absorbing-insoles-do-not-study-finds
#18
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942156/the-effect-of-a-powered-ankle-foot-orthosis-on-walking-in-a-stroke-subject-a-case-study
#19
Ali Pourghasem, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Mohammad Kamali, Mohammad Jannesari, Iman Salafian
[Purpose] Standing and walking are impaired in stroke patients. Therefore, assisted devices are required to restore their walking abilities. The ankle foot orthosis with an external powered source is a new type of orthosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a powered ankle foot orthosis compared with unpowered orthoses in a stroke patient. [Subjects and Methods] A single stroke subject participated in this study. The subject was fitted with three types of ankle foot orthosis (powered, posterior leg spring, and carbon ankle foot orthoses)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942123/the-effects-on-postural-control-and-low-back-pain-according-to-the-types-of-orthoses-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#20
Jeong-Il Kang, Hye-Min Kwon, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hyun Choi, Young-Jun Moon, Jun-Su Park
[Purpose] This study investigated how types of lumbosacral orthoses applied to patients with chronic lumbar pain affect postural control and low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects were randomly selected and allocated to each a group wearing soft lumbosacral orthoses and a group wearing rigid lumbosacral orthoses. They wore the lumbosacral orthoses for 4 weeks. Pain index and postural control were measured on the first day of wearing lumbosacral orthoses and 4 weeks later. Pain index was evaluated using a visual analogue scale, and postural control was measured using a Balance measurement system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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