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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646633/reclassification-of-flexibacter-tractuosus-nbrc-15981t-as-marivirga-harenae-sp-nov-in-the-family-flammeovirgaceae
#1
Yuki Muramatsu, Yuki Kamakura, Mai Takahashi, Yasuyoshi Nakagawa
Flexibacter tractuosa [Lewin, 1969] was reclassified as Marivirga tractuosa. Flexibacter tractuosus NBRC 15981T was reclassified herein by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of the strain were strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, slender rods, which were motile by gliding. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 and the predominant (>5 %) cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-G-C15 : 1, C16 : 1ω7c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The polar lipid pattern indicated the presence of a phosphatidylethanolamine, several unidentified aminolipids, glycolipids and five unidentified polar lipids...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641405/biotransformation-of-ferulic-acid-to-protocatechuic-acid-by-corynebacterium-glutamicum-atcc-21420-engineered-to-express-vanillate-o-demethylase
#2
Naoko Okai, Takaya Masuda, Yasunobu Takeshima, Kosei Tanaka, Ken-Ichi Yoshida, Masanori Miyamoto, Chiaki Ogino, Akihiko Kondo
Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid, FA) is a lignin-derived phenolic compound abundant in plant biomass. The utilization of FA and its conversion to valuable compounds is desired. Protocatechuic acid (3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, PCA) is a precursor of polymers and plastics and a constituent of food. A microbial conversion system to produce PCA from FA was developed in this study using a PCA-producing strain of Corynebacterium glutamicum F (ATCC 21420). C. glutamicum strain F grown at 30 °C for 48 h utilized 2 mM each of FA and vanillic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid, VA) to produce PCA, which was secreted into the medium...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632118/tessaracoccus-arenae-sp-nov-isolated-from-sea-sand
#3
Chutimon Thongphrom, Jong-Hwa Kim, Nagamani Bora, Wonyong Kim
A Gram-stain positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1319T, was isolated from sea sand and the strain's taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain CAU 1319T grew optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.5 in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, revealed that strain CAU 1319T belongs to the genus Tessaracoccus, and is closely related to Tessaracoccus lapidicaptus IPBSL-7T (similarity 97...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632116/reyranella-terrae-sp-nov-isolated-from-an-agricultural-soil-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-reyranella
#4
Hyosun Lee, Dong-Uk Kim, Suyeon Lee, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Chi Nam Seong, Jong-Ok Ka
A novel strain designated 11G32T was isolated from an agricultural soil cultivated with Chinese cabbage in Korea. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 15-28 °C (optimum, 20 °C), pH 5.0-7.0 (optimum, pH 5.0-6.0) and without NaCl. Phylogenetically, the strain was found to be closely related to members of the genus Reyranella and showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 97.18, 96.76 and 95.99 % with Reyranella graminifolii Wo-34T, Reyranella massiliensis 521T and Reyranella soli KIS14-15T, respectively...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629505/micromonospora-fulva-sp-nov-isolated-from-forest-soil
#5
Hyo-Jin Lee, Kyung-Sook Whang
A novel actinobacterium, designated strain UDF-1T, was isolated from forest soil in Chungnam, South Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain UDF-1T formed a branched brownish-orange substrate mycelium with spherical or oval spores. No aerial mycelium was formed. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain UDF-1T belongs to the genus Micromonospora, showing the highest sequence similarity to Micromonospora palomenae NEAU-CX1T (99.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), 'Micromonospora maoerensis' NEAU-MES19 (99...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629493/naumannella-huperziae-sp-nov-an-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-huperzia-serrata-thunb
#6
Ye Sun, Hua-Hong Chen, Hong-Min Sun, Meng-Jie Ai, Jing Su, Li-Yan Yu, Yu-Qin Zhang
An endophytic, short rod-shaped, non-motile and non-spore-forming actinobacterium, designated strain CPCC 204135T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized medicinal plant, Huperzia serrata (Thunb.), collected from Sichuan Province, south-west China. Strain CPCC 204135T was observed to grow at temperatures between 20 and 37 °C (optimum, 28-32 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and in the presence of 0-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CPCC 204135T belonged to the genus Naumannella, showing the highest level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Naumannella halotolerans DSM 24323T (97...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604334/pseudorhodobacter-ponti-sp-nov-isolated-from-seawater
#7
Yong-Taek Jung, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Sook Lee, Jung-Hoon Yoon
A Gram-stain-negative, short-rod-shaped, non-motile bacterial strain, designated HWR-46T, was isolated from seawater of the Yellow Sea, South Korea, and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain HWR-46T grew optimally at pH 7.0-8.0, at 20-25 °C and in the presence of 2-3 % (w/v) NaCl. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HWR-46T fell within the clade comprising Pseudorhodobacter species, clustering with the type strain of Pseudorhodobacter aquimaris, with which it exhibited 98...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598314/thioclava-arenosa-sp-nov-isolated-from-sea-sand
#8
Chutimon Thongphrom, Jong-Hwa Kim, Nagamani Bora, Wonyong Kim
A Gram-staining-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobe bacterial strain, designated CAU 1312T, was isolated from sea sand of Eurwangri beach, South Korea. The strain's taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. CAU 1312T grew at temperatures from 20 to 40 °C, in the range of pH 6.0-9.0 and at salinities from 1-4 % (w/v). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that CAU 1312T represented a member of the genus Thioclava and was most closely related to Thioclava atlantica 13D2W-2T (similarity 96...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598312/three-novel-species-of-the-genus-kibdelosporangium-kibdelosporangium-kanagawaense-sp-nov-kibdelosporangiumrhizosphaerae-sp-nov-and-kibdelosporangium-rhizovicinum-sp-nov
#9
Ratchanee Mingma, Kannika Duangmal, Satoshi Ōmura, Yōko Takahashi, Atsuko Matsumoto
The taxonomic positions of three actinomycete isolates, K08-0175T, K10-0543T and K12-0791T, which were isolated from plant root and rhizospheric soil samples were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. On the basis of the results of phylogenetic analysis and morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, these three strains were classified as representing members of the genus Kibdelosporangium. These strains were observed to produce both long chains of rod-shaped spores and sporangium-like structures with well-defined walls on aerial hyphae...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581924/dyella-lipolytica-sp-nov-a-lipolytic-bacterium-isolated-from-lower-subtropical-forest-soil
#10
Liang Tang, Mei-Hong Chen, Xi-Chen Nie, Meng-Ran Ma, Li-Hong Qiu
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain DHOB07T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the lower subtropical forest of the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China (23° 10' N 112° 31' E). Strain DHOB07T grew at 10-37 °C, pH 4-7 and 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl, with an optimum at 28 °C, pH 5-5.5 and 0% (w/v) NaCl on R2A medium. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a clade with Dyella jejuensis JP1T, Dyella nitratireducens DHG59T, Dyella koreensis BB4T, Dyella marensis CS5-B2Tand Dyellasoli JS12-10T, with sequence similarities of 98...
May 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562088/spectroscopic-characterisation-of-two-polyketide-metabolites-from-cylindrocarpon-sp-from-driftwood
#11
Seiya Yoshida, Takuma Suzuki, Hiroshi Furuno, Takako Aboshi, Tetsuya Murayama, Takuya Koseki, Yoshihito Shiono
Two new polyketides, (5R,7R,9R)-7,9-dihydroxy-5-decanolide and (4E,6R,9R)- 6,9-dihydroxydec-4-enoic acid (2), were isolated from rice cultures of Cylindrocarpon sp. SY-39 discovered during screening of driftwood at a Shonai coast area in Yamagata, Japan. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined using a variety of spectroscopic methods. Compound 2 exhibited moderate antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus NBRC 13276 and Aspergillus clavatus F 318a at a concentration of 50 μg per disk.
May 31, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559892/streptomyces-colonosanans-sp-nov-a-novel-actinobacterium-isolated-from-malaysia-mangrove-soil-exhibiting-antioxidative-activity-and-cytotoxic-potential-against-human-colon-cancer-cell-lines
#12
Jodi Woan-Fei Law, Hooi-Leng Ser, Acharaporn Duangjai, Surasak Saokaew, Sarah I Bukhari, Tahir M Khan, Nurul-Syakima Ab Mutalib, Kok-Gan Chan, Bey-Hing Goh, Learn-Han Lee
Streptomyces colonosanans MUSC 93J(T), a novel strain isolated from mangrove forest soil located at Sarawak, Malaysia. The bacterium was noted to be Gram-positive and to form light yellow aerial and vivid yellow substrate mycelium on ISP 2 agar. The polyphasic approach was used to determine the taxonomy of strain MUSC 93J(T) and the strain showed a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of the members of the genus Streptomyces. Phylogenetic and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that closely related strains include Streptomyces malachitofuscus NBRC 13059(T) (99...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559297/characterization-of-a-novel-cis-3-hydroxy-l-proline-dehydratase-and-a-trans-3-hydroxy-l-proline-dehydratase-from-bacteria
#13
Seiya Watanabe, Fumiyasu Fukumori, Mao Miyazaki, Shinya Tagami, Yasuo Watanabe
Hydroxyprolines, such as trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline (T4LHyp), trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline (T3LHyp), and cis-3-hydroxy-L-proline (C3LHyp), are present in some proteins including collagen, plant cell wall, and several peptide antibiotics. In bacteria, genes involved in the degradation of hydroxyproline are often clustered on the genome (L-Hyp gene cluster). We recently reported that an "aconitase X (AcnX)"-like hypI gene from a L-Hyp gene cluster functions as a monomeric C3LHyp dehydratase (AcnXType I). However the physiological role of C3LHyp dehydratase remained unclear...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545259/identification-of-diacetonamine-from-soybean-curd-residue-as-a-sporulation-inducing-factor-toward-bacillus-spp
#14
Aki Ikeda, Dongyeop Kim, Yasuyuki Hashidoko
Under bioassay-guided investigation, a sporulation-inducing factor (SIF) toward Bacillus spp. was searched for in methanol (MeOH) extracts of soybean curd residues, and diacetonamine (1) was identified as the active compound. SIF was first isolated as a monoacetylated derivative (2, 4.1 mg from 655 g soybean curd residues), and its chemical structure was elucidated by field desorption mass spectrometry, electron ionization mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses. After 48-h incubation, 40 µM diacetonamine hydrochloride (1b) exhibited sporulation-inducing activity with 35% sporulation frequency toward a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens wild-type strain (AHU 2170), whereas 40 µM diacetone acrylamide (3) showed 99% sporulation induction, which was much higher than that of 1b...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522710/draft-genome-sequences-of-the-xylose-fermenting-yeast-scheffersomyces-shehatae-nbrc-1983-t-and-a-thermotolerant-isolate-of-s-%C3%A2-shehatae-aty839-jcm-18690
#15
Natsumi Okada, Ayumi Tanimura, Hideki Hirakawa, Masako Takashima, Jun Ogawa, Jun Shima
Draft genome sequences of the type strain (NBRC 1983) and a thermotolerant isolate (ATY839) of the xylose-fermenting yeast Scheffersomyces shehatae were determined. The genome sizes and presumed open reading frames were highly similar between strains NBRC 1983(T) and ATY839.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474089/erythrobacter-alti-sp-nov-a-marine-alphaproteobacterium-isolated-from-seawater
#16
Jaewoo Yoon
A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on strain KMU-34(T), which was isolated from seawater in the Republic of Korea. The bacterial cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the novel marine strain was affiliated with the family Erythrobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria and that it showed highest sequence similarity (98.6%) to Erythrobacter atlanticus s21-N3(T)...
May 4, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471330/characterization-and-gene-cloning-of-l-xylulose-reductase-involved-in-l-arabinose-catabolism-from-the-pentose-fermenting-fungus-rhizomucor-pusillus
#17
Shino Yamasaki-Yashiki, Hidenobu Komeda, Kazuhiro Hoshino, Yasuhisa Asano
l-Xylulose reductase (LXR) catalyzes the reduction of l-xylulose to xylitol in the fungal l-arabinose catabolic pathway. LXR (RpLXR) was purified from the pentose-fermenting zygomycetous fungus Rhizomucor pusillus NBRC 4578. The native RpLXR is a homotetramer composed of 29 kDa subunits and preferred NADPH as a coenzyme. The Km values were 8.71 mM for l-xylulose and 3.89 mM for dihydroxyacetone. The lxr3 (Rplxr3) gene encoding RpLXR consists of 792 bp and encodes a putative 263 amino acid protein (Mr = 28,341)...
May 4, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466301/comparative-metabolomic-studies-of-alkanivorax-xenomutans-showing-differential-power-output-in-a-three-chambered-microbial-fuel-cell
#18
Ganesh Mahidhara, Sasikala Ch, Venkata Ramana Ch
Metabolomic study of electrogenic bacteria is a necessity to understand the extent of complex organic matter degradation and to invent new co-culture techniques to achieve complete degradation. In this study, we have subjected Alkanivorax xenomutans (KCTC 23751(T); NBRC 108843(T)), a bacterium capable for biodegradation of complex hydrocarbons, to oxic and anoxic conditions in a three chambered microbial fuel cell. In an attempt to understand the molecular mechanisms during the electrogenic processes of A. xenomutans, intra cellular (endo metabolome or the fingerprint) and exo metabolome (extracellular metabolome or the foot print) were analyzed under oxic and anoxic conditions, using FTIR and GC-MS...
June 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466299/streptomyces-sp-at37-isolated-from-a-saharan-soil-produces-a-furanone-derivative-active-against-multidrug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#19
El Hadj Driche, Nasserdine Sabaou, Christian Bijani, Abdelghani Zitouni, Frédéric Pont, Florence Mathieu, Boubekeur Badji
A novel actinobacterium strain, named AT37, showed a strong activity against some multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus MRSA ATCC 43300, other clinical isolates of MRSA and vancomycin resistant S. aureus VRSA S1. The strain AT37 was isolated from a Saharan soil by a dilution agar plating method using chitin-vitamin agar medium supplemented with rifampicin. The morphological and chemical studies indicated that this strain belonged to the genus Streptomyces. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence was determined and a database search indicated that it was closely associated with the type strain of Streptomyces novaecaesareae NBRC 13368(T) with 99...
June 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434178/massilia-chloroacetimidivorans-sp-nov-a-chloroacetamide-herbicide-degrading-bacterium-isolated-from-soil
#20
Hyosun Lee, Dong-Uk Kim, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Jong-Ok Ka
A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated TA-C7e(T), was isolated from an agricultural soil obtained from Taean region, Korea. Phylogenetically, the strain was grouped with the genus Massilia and shared 95.33-97.97% 16S rRNA sequence similarity with the type strains of other species of the genus Massilia. The DNA-DNA hybridisation between TA-C7e(T) and Massilia haematophila KACC 13771(T), Massilia suwonesis KACC 12635(T), and Massilia yuzhufengensis KACC 16569(T) revealed a low level of relatedness (<40%)...
April 22, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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