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headache, migraine, seizure

Md Asiful Islam, Fahmida Alam, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Kah Keng Wong, Teguh Haryo Sasongko, Siew Hua Gan
Neurological manifestations or disorders associated with central nervous system (CNS) are one of the most common as well as important clinical characteristics of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although in the last updated (2006) classification criteria of APS its neurological manifestations encompassed only transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke, diverse 'non-criteria' neurological disorders or manifestations (headache, migraine, bipolar disorder, transverse myelitis, dementia, chorea, epileptic seizures, multiple sclerosis, psychosis, cognitive impairment, Tourette's syndrome, parkinsonism, dystonia, transient global amnesia, obsessive compulsive disorder and leukoencephalopathy) have been observed in APS patients...
September 20, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Francesca Camia, Livia Pisciotta, Giovanni Morana, Maria Cristina Schiaffino, Salvatore Renna, Paola Carrera, Maurizio Ferrari, Maria Giuseppina Baglietto, Edvige Veneselli, Laura Siri, Maria Margherita Mancardi
INTRODUCTION: Variants in the CACNA1A gene on chromosome 19p13 result in a spectrum of neurological phenotypes ranging from familial or sporadic hemiplegic migraine to congenital or progressive encephalopathies. Patients with CACNA1A variants often show acute attacks with ataxia or hemiplegia till coma, sometimes related to unilateral brain oedema. No guidelines for the medical management of these attacks are available since treatment is empiric, and many cases do not respond to common antimigraine drugs...
September 19, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe, Alessandra Del Felice
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 6, 2012.Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders. Despite the plethora of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) currently available, 30% of people continue having seizures. This group of people requires a more aggressive treatment, since monotherapy, the first choice scheme, fails to control seizures. Nevertheless, polytherapy often results in a number of unwanted effects, including neurological disturbances (somnolence, ataxia, dizziness), psychiatric and behavioural symptoms, and metabolic alteration (osteoporosis, inducement or inhibition of hepatic enzymes, etc...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
João Pinho, João Rocha, Filipa Sousa, Cristiana Macedo, João Soares-Fernandes, João Cerqueira, Ricardo Maré, Esmeralda Lourenço, João Pereira
BACKGROUND: Localized scleroderma en coup de sabre (LScs) is a form of localized scleroderma thought to be an autoimmune disorder. Central nervous system involvement is not rare and neurological manifestations include seizures, focal neurological deficits, headache and neuropsychiatric changes. METHODS: Patients attending the Neurology Clinic with the final diagnosis of LScs with neurological manifestations were identified and clinical and imagiological records reviewed...
July 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Gültürk Köroğlu, Aysu Hayriye Tezcan
Propofol is a potent anaesthetic drug and also an effective sedative agent. Also, propofol may be used for non-anaesthetic purposes such as the treatment of seizures, migraine and tension headache in clinical practice. It has been abused, particularly among healthcare providers with high mortality rate. This report presents the case of a propofol-dependent patient who was an emergency medicine doctor with no difficulties in obtaining the drug. He himself visited our clinic for the treatment of propofol dependence...
December 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Ji-Hye Seo, Eun Yeon Joo, Dae-Won Seo, Seung Bong Hong
Headaches are a neglected entity in patients with epilepsy (PWE), although PWE have a high chance of suffering from seizure-related as well as seizure-unrelated headaches. We aimed to identify the prevalence and characteristics of headaches and investigate the correlation between headaches and affective symptoms in PWE. Consecutive PWE who visited our tertiary outpatient clinic were interviewed about headaches and epilepsy. Affective symptoms were evaluated using the Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and suicidality portion of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
July 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Michael K Sowell, Paul E Youssef
Migraine and epilepsy share a number of clinical attributes, including pathophysiology and clinical expression. Both are paroxysmal in nature and thus constitute episodic disorders, yet either may be chronic and/or recurrent. Epileptic seizures and migraine headaches may be mistaken one for the other and may even overlap. In particular, occipital lobe seizures may be misdiagnosed as migraine auras. In this article, we review the relationship between migraine and epilepsy, including the known genetic contributions to both conditions, prodromal, ictal, and postictal headache and shared pathophysiology and treatment options...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
Sue Yin Lim, Jonathan Brooke, Robert Dineen, Michael O'Donoghue
We describe a patient who experienced a prolonged episode of headache, drowsiness, seizure, unilateral weakness, delusion and hallucination due to a stroke-like migraine attack after cranial radiation therapy. Stroke-like migraine attack after radiation therapy (SMART) syndrome is a rare complication of therapeutic brain irradiation.
October 2016: Practical Neurology
Fábio A Nascimento, Marília Grando Sória, Vanessa Rizelio, Pedro A Kowacs
Cerebral venous thrombosis- (CVT-) associated headache is considered a secondary headache, commonly presenting as intracranial hypertension headache in association with seizures and/or neurological signs. However, it can occasionally mimic migraine. We report a patient presenting with a migraine-like, CVT-related headache refractory to several medications but intravenous dihydroergotamine (DHE). The response to DHE, which is considered to be an antimigraine medication, in addition to the neurovascular nature of migraine, points out to a probable similarity between CVT-headache and migraine...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 6, 2012.Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders. Despite the plethora of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) currently available, 30% of people continue having seizures. This group of people requires a more aggressive treatment, since monotherapy, the first choice scheme, fails to control seizures. Nevertheless, polytherapy often results in a number of unwanted effects, including neurological disturbances (somnolence, ataxia, dizziness), psychiatric and behavioural symptoms, and metabolic alteration (osteoporosis, inducement or inhibition of hepatic enzymes, etc...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ettore Beghi
Epilepsy is a heterogeneous clinical condition characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures, their causes and complications. The incidence, prevalence and mortality of epilepsy vary with age, place and time contributing to a variable extent to the burden of the disease. Diagnostic misclassification may have strong impact on personal and societal reflections of the disease in light of its clinical manifestations and the need for chronic treatment. Epilepsy accounts for a significant proportion of the world's disease burden ranking fourth after tension-type headache, migraine and Alzheimer disease...
May 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
A N Wilner, B K Sharma, A R Thompson, A Krueger
RATIONALE: Analgesic opioid use has increased dramatically in the general population. Although opioid analgesics are not indicated for the treatment of epilepsy, frequent opioid use has been reported in the epilepsy population. It is not clear whether comorbid disorders and/or epilepsy-associated injuries due to seizures foster opioid use. Our primary objective was to compare the prevalence of analgesic opioid use in an insured patient population with epilepsy to a matched control population without epilepsy...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Francesca Bagnato, Janine Good
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a chronic debilitating disorder. Selected antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are proposed as preventives for migraine. Clinical efficacy and side effects of these AEDs are discussed. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: The American Academy of Neurology and the American Society of Headache classify topiramate (TPM) and divalproex sodium (DVPX) as Level-A medications and recommend offering them to patients for migraine prophylaxis. Their mechanism(s) of actions remains not entirely known...
March 2016: Headache
Dong Wook Kim, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Sang Kun Lee
BACKGROUND: Headache can be associated with epilepsy as a pre-ictal, ictal, or post-ictal phenomenon; however, studies of patients with headache as an epileptic aura are scarce. We performed the present study to investigate the incidence and characteristics of headache as an epileptic aura, via confirmation of electroencephalography (EEG) changes by video-EEG monitoring. METHODS: Data of aura and clinical seizure episodes of 831 consecutive patients who undertook video-EEG monitoring were analyzed retrospectively...
April 2016: Headache
D D Mitsikostas, M Ashina, A Craven, H C Diener, P J Goadsby, M D Ferrari, C Lampl, K Paemeleire, J Pascual, A Siva, J Olesen, V Osipova, P Martelletti
The diagnosis of primary headache disorders is clinical and based on the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society (ICHD-3-beta). However several brain conditions may mimic primary headache disorders and laboratory investigation may be needed. This necessity occurs when the treating physician doubts for the primary origin of headache. Features that represent a warning for a possible underlying disorder causing the headache are new onset headache, change in previously stable headache pattern, headache that abruptly reaches the peak level, headache that changes with posture, headache awakening the patient, or precipitated by physical activity or Valsalva manoeuvre, first onset of headache ≥50 years of age, neurological symptoms or signs, trauma, fever, seizures, history of malignancy, history of HIV or active infections, and prior history of stroke or intracranial bleeding...
2015: Journal of Headache and Pain
Antigone S Papavasiliou, Marianna Bregianni, Irene Nikaina, Charalambos Kotsalis, Evangelos Paraskevoulakos, Helen Bazigou
INTRODUCTION: Demographic and clinical data were collected from three cross-sectional samples, from the headache and epilepsy clinics according to respective protocols. During structured interviews, we examined the co-occurrence of headaches and epilepsy in children and their families: (1) 172 children from the headache clinic, were questioned for the number and type of epileptic seizures and epilepsy diagnosis. (2) Around 70 children from the epilepsy clinic for the frequency and type of headaches and headache syndrome diagnosis...
April 2016: Neuropediatrics
Astrid Nehlig
Over the last decade, Food Regulation Authorities have concluded that coffee/caffeine consumption is not harmful if consumed at levels of 200 mg in one sitting (around 2½ cups of coffee) or 400 mg daily (around 5 cups of coffee). In addition, caffeine has many positive actions on the brain. It can increase alertness and well-being, help concentration, improve mood and limit depression. Caffeine may disturb sleep, but only in sensitive individuals. It may raise anxiety in a small subset of particularly sensitive people...
April 2016: Practical Neurology
Darius Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Afshin Saffari, Ana Westenberger, Christine Klein
Next-generation sequencing has identified mutations in the PRRT2 (proline-rich transmembrane protein 2) gene as the leading cause for a wide and yet evolving spectrum of paroxysmal diseases. PRRT2 mutations are found in the majority of patients with benign familial infantile epilepsy, infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis and paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, confirming a common disease spectrum that had previously been suggested based on gene linkage analyses and shared clinical features. Beyond these clinical entities, PRRT2 mutations have been described in other childhood-onset movement disorders, different forms of seizures, headache disorders, and intellectual disability...
December 2015: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Martina Fanella, Alessandra Morano, Jinane Fattouch, Mariarita Albini, Mario Manfredi, Anna Teresa Giallonardo, Carlo Di Bonaventura
OBJECTIVES: Both headache and epilepsy are frequent paroxysmal disorders that often co-occur or are related in numerous ways. Although ictal epileptic headache has become the focus of several studies, this remains a very rare and not well-known phenomenon. Electroclinical features, pathophysiology, and syndromic context are heterogeneous. We investigated the electroclinical and neuroimaging findings in a population of adult patients with ictal epileptic headache. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 8800 EEG recordings of almost 4800 patients admitted to our video-EEG laboratory from 2010 to 2013 with a history of well-documented epilepsy...
December 2015: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Matthew S Robbins, Constantine Farmakidis, Ashlesha K Dayal, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVE: To characterize demographic and clinical features in pregnant women presenting with acute headache, and to identify clinical features associated with secondary headache. METHODS: We conducted a 5-year, single-center, retrospective study of consecutive pregnant women presenting to acute care with headache receiving neurologic consultation. RESULTS: The 140 women had a mean age of 29 ± 6.4 years and often presented in the third trimester (56...
September 22, 2015: Neurology
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