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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431032/neuropsychology-and-rehabilitation-services-in-the-united-states-brief-report-from-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#1
Cady Block, Octavio A Santos, Yvonne Flores-Medina, Diego Fernando Rivera Camacho, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Objective: To provide a brief presentation of preliminary data on rehabilitation services provided by clinical neuropsychologists within the United States. Method: This survey utilized data extracted from a larger international research study conducted in 39 countries including N = 173 professionals who reported to engage in neuropsychological rehabilitative services within the past year (63.6% female, 44.36 ± 11.83 years of age) took part in the study. Results: Neuropsychologists providing rehabilitation services in the United States in the past year were more likely to provide individual versus group therapy, likely to employ technology (e...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431026/minimally-invasive-sacroiliac-joint-fusion-radiofrequency-denervation-and-conservative-management-for-sacroiliac-joint-pain-6-year-comparative-case-series
#2
Vicente Vanaclocha, Juan Manuel Herrera, Nieves Sáiz-Sapena, Marlon Rivera-Paz, Francisco Verdú-López
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is an under-recognized condition. Substantial information supports the safety and effectiveness of SIJ fusion (SIJF). Long-term follow-up after SIJF has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To determine responses to conservative management (CM), SIJ denervation, and SIJF in patients with SIJ pain unresponsive to CM. METHODS: Retrospective study with long-term (up to 6 yr) follow-up of 137 patients with SIJ pain seen in an outpatient neurosurgery clinic who received either CM (n = 63), sacroiliac denervation (n = 47), or minimally invasive SIJF (n = 27)...
April 20, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#3
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427987/trajectory-planning-and-guided-punctures-with-isocentric-navigation-in-posterolateral-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-technical-note
#4
Guoxin Fan, Chuanfeng Wang, Xin Gu, Hailong Zhang, Shisheng He
BACKGROUND: Posterolateral endoscopic trasforaminal discectomy (PELD) requires an ideal percutaneous puncture to place the working channel for endoscopic discectomy. The conventional blinded punctures relies on the surgeons' experience and repeated fluoroscopy, which may increase radiation exposure. The study aimed to introduce isocentric navigation to plan trajectory and guide punctures in PELD. METHODS: Technical note and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing PELD with isocentric navigation were recorded in this report...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427707/incidence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-republic-of-ireland-a-prospective-population-based-study
#5
K O'Connell, N Tubridy, M Hutchinson, C McGuigan
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence and prevalence is increasing worldwide, with a disproportionally higher rate in women. Recent studies have questioned the presence of a latitudinal gradient in Europe. Ireland is a high prevalence country for MS with a previously reported North-South gradient making it ideal to further explore this concept. OBJECTIVES: In this study we prospectively determined the incidence rate of newly diagnosed MS in Ireland over a 12-month period and demonstrated the presence of a North-South gradient...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#6
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426479/long-term-impact-of-bile-duct-injury-on-morbidity-mortality-quality-of-life-and-work-related-limitations
#7
Klaske A C Booij, Philip R de Reuver, Susan van Dieren, Otto M van Delden, Erik A Rauws, Olivier R Busch, Thomas M van Gulik, Dirk J Gouma
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of long-term comprehensive outcome of multimodality treatment of bile duct injury (BDI) in terms of morbidity, mortality, quality of life (QoL), survival, and work related limitations. BACKGROUND: The impact of BDI on work ability is scarcely investigated. METHODS: BDI patients referred to a tertiary center after BDI were included (n = 800). QoL and work related limitations (HLQ) were compared with 175 control patients after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425595/hand-eczema-atopic-dermatitis-and-filaggrin-mutations-in-adult-danes-a-registry-based-study-assessing-risk-of-disability-pension
#8
Nina G Heede, Betina H Thuesen, Jacob P Thyssen, Allan Linneberg, Pal B Szecsi, Steen Stender, Torkil Menné, Jeanne D Johansen
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis and hand eczema often impair the ability of people to work. Only a few studies have investigated whether individuals with loss-of-function filaggrin gene (FLG) mutations, who often have severe and early onset of dermatitis, experience occupational consequences. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the personal consequences of having atopic dermatitis and/or hand eczema and FLG mutations. METHOD: Adult Danes from the general population (n = 3247) and patients with atopic dermatitis and/or hand eczema (n = 496) were genotyped for common FLG mutations, and completed a questionnaire about skin symptoms and hand eczema...
April 20, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422923/a-cross-sectional-study-of-emergency-care-utilization-and-associated-costs-of-violent-related-assault-injuries-in-the-united-states
#9
Michael C Monuteaux, Eric W Fleegler, Lois K Lee
BACKGROUND: Violent-related (assault) injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Many violent injury victims seek treatment in the emergency department (ED). Our objectives were to: (1) estimate rates of violent-related injuries evaluated in United States EDs; (2) estimate linear trends in ED visits for violent-related injuries from 2000 to 2010; and (3) to determine the associated healthcare and work-loss costs. METHODS: We examined adults 18 years of age and older from a nationally representative survey (the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey) of ED visits, from 2000 to 2010...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422686/an-integrated-movement-analysis-framework-to-study-upper-limb-function-a-pilot-study
#10
Kimberly Kontson, Ian Marcus, Barbara Myklebust, Eugene Civillico
The functional capabilities of individuals with upper limb disabilities are assessed throughout rehabilitation and treatment regimens using functional outcome measures. For the upper limb amputee population, there are none which quantitatively take into account the quality of movement while an individual is performing tasks. In this work, we demonstrate the use of an integrated movement analysis framework, based on motion capture and ground reaction force data, to capture quantitative information about how subjects complete a commonly used functional outcome measure, the Box and Blocks Test (BBT)...
April 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422639/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#11
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422448/the-benefits-of-clinical-facilitators-on-improving-stroke-care-in-acute-hospitals-a-new-program-for-australia
#12
Tara Purvis, Karen Moss, Linda Francis, Karen Borschmann, Monique F Kilkenny, Sonia Denisenko, Christopher F Bladin, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Care gaps for stroke lead to preventable disability and deaths. The Victorian State Government implemented a program of employing clinical Facilitators on a fixed-term basis for up to three years (2008-2011) in eight hospitals to improve stroke care. The Facilitators were to establish stroke units where absent, implement evidence-based management protocols and provide staff education within an agreed work plan. The aim of this study was to determine if the Facilitator role was associated with improved stroke care, and to describe factors supporting or mitigating enhancements to care...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#13
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419501/stakeholders-views-of-the-introduction-of-assistive-technology-in-the-classroom-how-family-centred-is-australian-practice-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
P Karlsson, C Johnston, K Barker
BACKGROUND: With family-centred care widely recognized as a cornerstone for effective assistive technology service provision, the current study was undertaken to investigate to what extent such approaches were used by schools when assistive technology assessments and implementation occurred in the classroom. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we compare survey results from parents (n = 76), school staff (n = 33) and allied health professionals (n = 65) with experience in the use of high-tech assistive technology...
April 17, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418762/challenges-persist-under-americans-with-disabilities-act-amendments-act-how-can-oncology-providers-help
#15
Michael Feuerstein, Amanda K Gehrke, Brian T McMahon, Megan C McMahon
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Amendments to the hallmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA; effective January 2009), which provide increased access to the antidiscrimination laws for many with chronic illness, are related to changes in workplace discrimination allegations in individuals with a history of cancer. METHODS: Information collected by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was used to compare allegations of discrimination and their merit before (2001 to 2008) and after (2009 to 2011) implementation of the Amendments Act...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417836/cervical-spine-status-of-pilots-and-air-controllers-of-airborne-early-warning-and-control-aircraft
#16
Young Ho Shin, Chul Yun, Andrew Hogyu Han
INTRODUCTION: Many countries have developed their own airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) systems for use in surveying their territorial sky in real time. However, a review of the literature suggests that no studies have been conducted to analyze the cervical spine of pilots and air-controllers of AEW&C aircraft. METHODS: The study subjects were 80 pilots and air-controllers of AEW&C aircraft with a period of service of > 1 yr and had data on physical examinations, simple radiographs and functional scores of the axial skeleton, and questionnaires about lifestyle and working conditions...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416631/mutation-of-neuron-specific-chromatin-remodeling-subunit-baf53b-rescue-of-plasticity-and-memory-by-manipulating-actin-remodeling
#17
Annie Vogel Ciernia, Enikö A Kramár, Dina P Matheos, Robbert Havekes, Thekla J Hemstedt, Christophe N Magnan, Keith Sakata, Ashley Tran, Soraya Azzawi, Alberto Lopez, Richard Dang, Weisheng Wang, Brian Trieu, Joyce Tong, Ruth M Barrett, Rebecca J Post, Pierre Baldi, Ted Abel, Gary Lynch, Marcelo A Wood
Recent human exome-sequencing studies have implicated polymorphic Brg1-associated factor (BAF) complexes (mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes) in several intellectual disabilities and cognitive disorders, including autism. However, it remains unclear how mutations in BAF complexes result in impaired cognitive function. Post-mitotic neurons express a neuron-specific assembly, nBAF, characterized by the neuron-specific subunit BAF53b. Subdomain 2 of BAF53b is essential for the differentiation of neuronal precursor cells into neurons...
May 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414938/violence-against-children-perpetrated-by-peers-a-cross-sectional-school-based-survey-in-uganda
#18
Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Kelly Clarke, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Eddy Walakira, Sophie Namy, Dipak Naker, Karen Devries
Violence against children by peers is a global public health problem. We aimed to assess factors associated with peer violence victimization among primary school children in Uganda. We conducted multilevel multivariable logistic regression analyses of cross-sectional data from 3706 primary students in 42 Ugandan primary schools. Among primary school students, 29% and 34% had ever experienced physical and emotional violence perpetrated by their peers, respectively. Factors strongly associated with both physical and emotional violence were similar and overlapping, and included exposure to interparental violence, having an attitude supportive of violence against children from school staff, not living with biological parents, working for payment, and higher SDQ score...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414170/importance-of-patient-reported-individualized-goals-when-assessing-outcomes-for-adult-spinal-deformity-asd-initial-experience-with-a-patient-generated-index-pgi
#19
Justin K Scheer, Malla Keefe, Virginie Lafage, Michael P Kelly, Shay Bess, Douglas C Burton, Robert A Hart, Amit Jain, Baron S Lonner, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Richard Hostin, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Frank Schwab, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Current metrics to assess a patient's health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) may not reflect a true change in a patient's specific perception of what is most important to them. PURPOSE: To describe the initial experience of a Patient Generated Index (PGI) in which patients create their own outcome domains. STUDY DESIGN: Single center prospective study PATIENT SAMPLE: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients OUTCOME MEASURES: Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Short-Form 36 (SF36:PCS/MCS), Scoliosis research society 22r (SRS22r), and PGI METHODS: ODI, SF36, SRS22r, and PGI were administered preoperatively and postoperatively at 6wks, 3mo, 6mo, and 1 and 2yrs...
April 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412709/the-association-of-low-income-with-functional-status-and-disease-burden-in-german-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey-based-on-claims-data
#20
Johanna Callhoff, Andres Luque Ramos, Angela Zink, Falk Hoffmann, Katinka Albrecht
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of income on self-reported disease and work productivity outcomes. METHODS: Persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis (International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed. codes M05/M06) on health insurance claims data in at least 2 quarters of 2013 were randomly selected. They were mailed questionnaires covering RA diagnosis, household income, functional capacity [Hannover functional status questionnaire (FFbH), 0-100], RA Impact of Disease questionnaire (RAID; 0-10), self-reported swollen joint count (SJC; 0-48), tender joint count (TJC; 0-50), and effect of RA on work productivity (change of work, fewer working hours, sick leave, application for disability pension, and others)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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