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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813952/comparative-performance-analysis-of-m-imu-emg-and-voice-user-interfaces-for-assistive-robots
#1
Clemente Laureiti, Francesca Cordella, Francesco Scotto di Luzio, Stefano Saccucci, Angelo Davalli, Rinaldo Sacchetti, Loredana Zollo
People with a high level of disability experience great difficulties to perform activities of daily living and resort to their residual motor functions in order to operate assistive devices. The commercially available interfaces used to control assistive manipulators are typically based on joysticks and can be used only by subjects with upper-limb residual mobilities. Many other solutions can be found in the literature, based on the use of multiple sensory systems for detecting the human motion intention and state...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813951/design-of-an-immersive-simulator-for-assisted-power-wheelchair-driving
#2
Louise Devigne, Marie Babel, Florian Nouviale, Vishnu K Narayanan, Francois Pasteau, Philippe Gallien
Driving a power wheelchair is a difficult and complex visual-cognitive task. As a result, some people with visual and/or cognitive disabilities cannot access the benefits of a power wheelchair because their impairments prevent them from driving safely. In order to improve their access to mobility, we have previously designed a semi-autonomous assistive wheelchair system which progressively corrects the trajectory as the user manually drives the wheelchair and smoothly avoids obstacles. Developing and testing such systems for wheelchair driving assistance requires a significant amount of material resources and clinician time...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813929/soft-brain-machine-interfaces-for-assistive-robotics-a-novel-control-approach
#3
Lucia Schiatti, Jacopo Tessadori, Giacinto Barresi, Leonardo S Mattos, Arash Ajoudani
Robotic systems offer the possibility of improving the life quality of people with severe motor disabilities, enhancing the individual's degree of independence and interaction with the external environment. In this direction, the operator's residual functions must be exploited for the control of the robot movements and the underlying dynamic interaction through intuitive and effective human-robot interfaces. Towards this end, this work aims at exploring the potential of a novel Soft Brain-Machine Interface (BMI), suitable for dynamic execution of remote manipulation tasks for a wide range of patients...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813917/intuitive-adaptive-orientation-control-of-assistive-robots-for-people-living-with-upper-limb-disabilities
#4
Dinh-Son Vu, Ulysse Cote Allard, Clement Gosselin, Francois Routhier, Benoit Gosselin, Alexandre Campeau-Lecours
Robotic assistive devices enhance the autonomy of individuals living with physical disabilities in their day-to-day life. Although the first priority for such devices is safety, they must also be intuitive and efficient from an engineering point of view in order to be adopted by a broad range of users. This is especially true for assistive robotic arms, as they are used for the complex control tasks of daily living. One challenge in the control of such assistive robots is the management of the end-effector orientation which is not always intuitive for the human operator, especially for neophytes...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813798/a-novel-method-for-muscle-fatigue-assessment-during-robot-based-tracking-tasks
#5
Maddalena Mugnosso, Francesca Marini, Matteo Gillardo, Pietro Morasso, Jacopo Zenzeri
In this work we propose a novel method based on sEMG signals, easy and fast to perform, administered with a robotic device to maximize repeatability and objectivity. Muscle fatigue, which is frequently experienced by healthy subjects, can be a highly debilitating symptom in case of neuromuscular disorders. Its assessment provides crucial information on the progression of the disability itself, on patient's muscular function and on the efficacy of the eventual clinical intervention. Hence, a robust and objective protocol for fatigue assessment is fundamental in rehabilitation practice...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812966/a-snapshot-of-intellectual-disabilities-in-lao-pdr-challenges-for-the-development-of-services
#6
Stian H Thoresen, Angela Fielding, Sue Gillieatt, Barbara Blundell, Liem Nguyen
Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) has experienced significant economic growth in the last two decades. While access to education, health, and employment for people with disabilities has also improved markedly, people with intellectual disabilities are still among the most vulnerable in society. This article presents findings from a screening survey of 2469 participants, a focus group discussion with key stakeholders in intellectual disabilities, and a case study of the Association for Autism. The screening survey suggests 1...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812961/community-managed-services-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-andhra-pradesh-experience
#7
Jayanthi Narayan, Raja Pratapkumar, Sudhakara P Reddy
In resource poor settings innovative and bottom-up approaches are required to provide services to people with with disabilities. In this context, the present paper explains a community-based model of manpower development and coordination of services for people with intellectual disabilities in unified state of Andhra Pradesh in India. Women with disabilities from the village were identified, and those willing to be trained to work as community resource persons (CRPs) were selected and given hands-on training in a phased manner...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812949/-i-m-sure-we-made-it-a-better-study%C3%A2-experiences-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-parent-carers-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-a-health-research-study
#8
Carole Beighton, Christina Victor, Iain M Carey, Fay Hosking, Steve DeWilde, Derek G Cook, Paula Manners, Tess Harris
Patient and public involvement is considered integral to health research in the United Kingdom; however, studies documenting the involvement of adults with intellectual disabilities and parent carers in health research studies are scarce. Through group interviews, this study explored the perspectives and experiences of a group of adults with intellectual disabilities and a group of parent carers about their collaborative/participatory involvement in a 3-year study which explored the effectiveness of annual health checks for adults with intellectual disabilities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812400/new-benzodiazepine-and-z-hypnotic-users-and-disability-pension-an-eight-year-nationwide-observational-follow-up-study
#9
Ingunn F Tvete, Trine Bjørner, Tor Skomedal
OBJECTIVE: To compare how newly initiated treatment with benzodiazepines, Z-hypnotics or both associates with the reception of disability pension among 40,661 individuals of a working age. DESIGN: Prescription register study. SETTING: Norwegian nationwide prescriptions socio-economic and disability status data. METHODS: Cox regression analyses. SUBJECTS: New benzodiazepine or Z-hypnotic users. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Time to receive disability pension given benzodiazepine or Z-hypnotic use or both...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811990/clinical-outcomes-of-total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#10
Tobias A Mattei, Jennifer Beer, Alisson R Teles, Azeem A Rehman, Jean Aldag, Dzung Dinh
STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective controlled study of patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disc disease who received surgical intervention (either total disc replacement [TDR]/Activ-L or anterior lumbar interbody fusion [ALIF]) at a single tertiary-care hospital from 2007-2010. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes after TDR in comparison with ALIF for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: Analyzed data included intra-operative blood loss, time to return to work, and clinical outcomes as evaluated through the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain questionnaires pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperative follow-up...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811155/assessing-changes-in-quality-of-life-and-independent-living-and-working-levels-among-agrability-farmers-and-ranchers-with-disabilities
#11
Robert J Fetsch, Danielle M Jackman, Christina L Collins
BACKGROUND: While emerging research has focused on quality of life (QOL) levels among farmers and ranchers with disabilities, much work is still needed on this largely understudied population. The AgrAbility Project, a USDA initiative, offers pragmatic solutions to increase farmers and ranchers with disabilities' QOL and ability to work and live independently (ILW). OBJECTIVES: To assess pretest-posttest changes in farmers and ranchers with disabilities' ILW and QOL levels after participating in AgrAbility, to identify demographic predictors of ILW and QOL (e...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810956/the-reasons-for-living-scale-military-version-assessing-protective-factors-against-suicide-in-a-military-sample
#12
Anne-Marie Deutsch, R Gregory Lande
INTRODUCTION: Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809057/understanding-frames-a-uk-survey-of-parents-and-professionals-regarding-the-use-of-standing-frames-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
J Goodwin, A Colver, A Basu, S Crombie, D Howel, J R Parr, E McColl, N Kolehmainen, A Roberts, J Lecouturier, J Smith, K Miller, J Cadwgan
BACKGROUND: Standing frames are used for children with cerebral palsy (CP). They may improve body structure and function (e.g., reducing risk of hip subluxation, and improving bladder and bowel function), improving activity (e.g., motor abilities) and participation (e.g., interaction with peers), but there is little evidence that they do. We aimed to identify current UK standing frame practice for children with CP and to understand stakeholder views regarding their clinical benefits and challenges to use...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808752/return-to-work-and-work-related-disability-among-aml-survivors
#14
Osai Samadi, Henriette Breunis, Joanna Sandoval, Kosalan Akilan, Narhari Timilshina, Shabbir M H Alibhai
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive, acute-onset hematological malignancy. Greater use of intensive chemotherapy (IC), supportive care, and stem cell transplantation have led to an increasing number of long-term survivors. Few studies have examined employment issues among AML survivors and to our knowledge, no study has examined the long-term effects of treatment on return to work. This study is the first to utilize a validated measure of work-related limitation and productivity (WLQ-16) to assess the long-term effects of AML treatment on employment rates, work-related limitations, and overall productivity...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807742/a-cost-utility-analysis-of-dynesys-dynamic-stabilization-versus-instrumented-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-degenerative-lumbar-spine-diseases
#15
Kan Liu, Wei Sun, Qiang Lu, Jiying Chen, Jiaguang Tang
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic chronic low back and leg pain resulting from lumbar spine degenerative disorders is highly prevalent in China, and for some patients, surgery is the final option for improvement. Several techniques for spinal non-fusion have been introduced to reduce the side-effects of fusion methods and hasten postoperative recovery. In this study, the authors have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of Dynesys posterior dynamic stabilization system (DY) compared with lumbar fusion techniques in the treatment of single-level degenerative lumbar spinal conditions...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807434/nutritional-strategies-in-the-management-of-alzheimer-disease-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis
#16
Shirley Steffany Muñoz Fernández, Terry Ivanauskas, Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is the major cause of dependency and disability in the elderly. Numerous studies have sought to achieve its prevention and/or management examining a role for modifiable risk factors, such as nutrition. This work aims to investigate the effects of food and/or nutrients in the management of AD at different stages. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for clinical trials examining the effect of nutrient intervention in individuals with AD, compared with placebo, published up to 2014...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805570/swallowing-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Janine A Simons
Dysphagia is a very frequent and highly relevant symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) for quality of life, morbidity, and remaining lifetime, which is unfortunately widely underdiagnosed and underestimated regarding patients' centered care. Especially in early stages, the causal association between disease and swallowing disabilities remains unnoticed, which may be accounted for by the inability of caregivers and physicians to detect subtle swallowing problems and by the low self-awareness among PD patients...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805090/examining-young-children-s-social-competence-using-functional-ability-profiles
#18
Tara W McLaughlin, Patricia A Snyder, James Algina
PURPOSE: To explore the use of International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) based profiles of children's functional abilities in relation to their social competence. Subgroups based on shared profiles of functional ability were investigated as an alternative or complement to subgroups defined by disability categories. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nationally representative data set of young children identified for special education services in the United States was used for the present study...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801840/tobacco-related-carcinogenesis-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
Ashok R Jethwa, Samir S Khariwala
Head and neck cancer (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)) is a devastating disease. Patients require intensive treatment that is often disfiguring and debilitating. Those who survive are often left with poor speech articulation, difficulties in chewing and swallowing, and cosmetic disfigurement, as well as loss of taste. Furthermore, given that HNSCC survivors are frequently disabled and unable to return to work, the economic and societal costs associated with HNSCC are massive. HNSCC is one of many cancers that are strongly associated with tobacco use...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801236/frailty-status-in-older-adults-is-related-to-alterations-in-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-1-and-guanosine-triphosphate-cyclohydrolase-i%C3%A2-enzymatic-pathways
#20
Diego Marcos-Pérez, María Sánchez-Flores, Ana Maseda, Laura Lorenzo-López, José C Millán-Calenti, Barbara Strasser, Johanna M Gostner, Dietmar Fuchs, Eduardo Pásaro, Vanessa Valdiglesias, Blanca Laffon
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome correlated to the loss of homeostasis and increased vulnerability to stressors, which is associated with increase in the risk of disability, comorbidity, hospitalization, and death in the elderly. It is based on the interplay of physiological, psychological, social, and environmental factors. OBJECTIVES: Because aging involves a detrimental immune response, this work aimed to assess the possible role of chronic low-grade immune stimulation on frailty status in the elderly...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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