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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323240/the-impact-of-continuous-use-of-lumbosacral-orthoses-on-trunk-motor-performance-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Hiroshi Takasaki, Takahiro Miki
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) is prescribed by general practitioners for the management of low back pain. It may be speculated that continuous use of the LSO for a prolonged period reduces mechanical loading to the trunk muscle in daily living and results in impairments of the trunk muscle. PURPOSE: To investigate whether the trunk motor performances are impaired by continuous use of the lumbosacral orthosis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
March 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306646/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-surgeons-performing-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
Chantal C J Alleblas, Anne Marie de Man, Lukas van den Haak, Mark E Vierhout, Frank Willem Jansen, Theodoor E Nieboer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) prevalence among surgeons performing minimally invasive surgery. BACKGROUND: Advancements in laparoscopic surgery have primarily focused on enhancing patient benefits. However, compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery imposes greater ergonomic constraints on surgeons. Recent reports indicate a 73% to 88% prevalence of physical complaints among laparoscopic surgeons, which is greater than in the general working population, supporting the need to address the surgeons' physical health...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262354/effects-of-joint-stabilizers-on-proprioception-and-stability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Matthew Driller, Ishan Ghai
OBJECTIVE: The current review and meta-analysis systematically investigated the effect of joint stabilizers on proprioception, postural stability, and neurological activity. METHODS: Systematic identification of published literature was performed on online databases; Scopus, PEDro, SportDiscus, and EMBASE, followed by a critical PEDro methodological quality appraisal. Data from the studies were extracted and summarized in a tabular format. RESULTS: Of 2954 records, 50 studies, involving 1443 participants met our inclusion criteria...
May 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259850/blood-flow-restriction-training-in-clinical-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Luke Hughes, Bruce Paton, Ben Rosenblatt, Conor Gissane, Stephen David Patterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Low-load exercise training with blood flow restriction (BFR) can increase muscle strength and may offer an effective clinical musculoskeletal (MSK) rehabilitation tool. The aim of this review was to systematically analyse the evidence regarding the effectiveness of this novel training modality in clinical MSK rehabilitation. DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed literature examining BFR training in clinical MSK rehabilitation (Research Registry; researchregistry91)...
March 4, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259297/management-of-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-postmenopausal-early-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Kate Roberts, Kirsty Rickett, Ristan Greer, Natasha Woodward
Aromatase Inhibitors (AI) are widely used for the adjuvant treatment of hormone receptor positive breast cancers in the post-menopausal population. AI are often associated with significant joint and muscular symptoms; symptoms that are commonly referred to as aromatase inhibitor-associated musculoskeletal syndrome (AIMSS). AIMSS adversely impacts health-related quality of life of many patients, and reduces AI compliance. Although there are informal practice recommendations, the limited current level of evidence for management of AIMSS for breast cancer patients on aromatase inhibitors has made development of formal guidelines challenging, and remains an unmet need...
March 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245743/trigger-point-dry-needling
#6
(no author information available yet)
Increasingly, physical therapists in the United States and throughout the world are using dry needling to treat musculoskeletal pain, even though this treatment has been a controversial addition to practice. To better generalize to physical therapy practice the findings about dry needling thus far, the authors of a study published in the March 2017 issue of JOSPT identified the need for a systematic review examining the effectiveness of dry needling performed by physical therapists on people with musculoskeletal pain...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240590/a-meta-analysis-of-avascular-necrosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#7
Tatiana Nevskaya, Maeve P Gamble, Janet E Pope
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for avascular necrosis (AVN) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to July, 2015 and a random effects model was used to combine frequencies; study quality was assessed using STROBE. RESULTS: 2,041 citations identified 62 articles. Many results had high heterogeneity. The prevalence of symptomatic AVN was 9% (range 0...
February 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219096/-work-related-medical-rehabilitation
#8
M Bethge
Work-related medical rehabilitation (WMR) is a strategy to improve work participation in patients with poor work ability. This review summarizes the state of knowledge on WMR. The prevalence of poor work ability and corresponding need for WMR is high (musculoskeletal disorders: 43%; mental disorders: 57%). The meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in patients with musculoskeletal disorders shows better return to work outcomes after one year in favor of WMR patients than compared to patients participating in usual medical rehabilitation...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178024/the-effects-of-curcuminoids-on-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#9
Andrew Gaffey, Helen Slater, Kylie Porritt, Jared M Campbell
BACKGROUND: Western countries are increasingly using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to assist with relieving ailments. Turmeric, from the ginger family Zingiberaceae, has a history of use for medicinal purposes. The polyphenols found in turmeric (curcuminoids) have demonstrated anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties. With the use of CAMs increasing, it is important for the effectiveness of curcuminoids to be established. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effectiveness of the use of curcuminoids for the amelioration of musculoskeletal pain...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158962/the-effectiveness-of-trigger-point-dry-needling-for-musculoskeletal-conditions-by-physical-therapists-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Eric Gattie, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background An increasing number of physical therapists in the United States and throughout the world are using dry needling to treat musculoskeletal pain. Objective To examine the short- and long-term effectiveness of dry needling delivered by a physical therapist for any musculoskeletal pain condition. Methods Electronic databases were searched. Eligible randomized controlled trials included those with human subjects who had musculoskeletal conditions that were treated with dry needling performed by a physical therapist, compared with a control or other intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145397/effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Ron Clijsen, Anina Brunner, Marco Barbero, Peter Clarys, Jan Taeymans
INTRODUCTION: This meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain in adult patients with musculoskeletal disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search was conducted in the Medline and PEDro databases. Two researchers independently screened titles and abstracts of the retrieved studies for eligibility. Quality assessment of the eligible studies was conducted using the PEDro rating scale. Studies that scored ≥ 4 were included...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111089/biological-therapy-and-development-of-neoplastic-disease-in-patients-with-juvenile-rheumatic-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
Vanessa Patricia L Pereira, Teresa Cristina Martins Vicente Robazzi
Juvenile rheumatic diseases affect the musculoskeletal system and begin before the age of 18. These conditions have varied, identifiable or unknown etiologies, but those of an autoimmune inflammatory nature have been associated with an increased risk of development of cancer, regardless of treatment. This study aims to assess, through a systematic review of the literature according to Prisma (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) quality criteria, the risk of cancer in patients with juvenile rheumatic disease, and its association with biological agents...
October 29, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100231/can-screening-instruments-accurately-determine-poor-outcome-risk-in-adults-with-recent-onset-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Emma L Karran, James H McAuley, Adrian C Traeger, Susan L Hillier, Luzia Grabherr, Leslie N Russek, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Delivering efficient and effective healthcare is crucial for a condition as burdensome as low back pain (LBP). Stratified care strategies may be worthwhile, but rely on early and accurate patient screening using a valid and reliable instrument. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of LBP screening instruments for determining risk of poor outcome in adults with LBP of less than 3 months duration. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PEDro, Web of Science, SciVerse SCOPUS, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from June 2014 to March 2016...
January 19, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081371/gwas-identifies-new-loci-for-painful-temporomandibular-disorder
#14
A E Sanders, D Jain, T Sofer, K F Kerr, C C Laurie, J R Shaffer, M L Marazita, L M Kaste, G D Slade, R B Fillingim, R Ohrbach, W Maixner, T Kocher, O Bernhardt, A Teumer, C Schwahn, K Sipilä, R Lähdesmäki, M Männikkö, P Pesonen, M Järvelin, C M Rizzatti-Barbosa, C B Meloto, M Ribeiro-Dasilva, L Diatchenko, P Serrano, S B Smith
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a musculoskeletal condition characterized by pain and reduced function in the temporomandibular joint and/or associated masticatory musculature. Prevalence in the United States is 5% and twice as high among women as men. We conducted a discovery genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TMD in 10,153 participants (769 cases, 9,384 controls) of the US Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The most promising single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested in meta-analysis of 4 independent cohorts...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073851/increased-risk-of-adverse-neurocognitive-outcomes-with-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-inhibitors
#15
Abdur Rahman Khan, Chirag Bavishi, Haris Riaz, Talha A Farid, Sobia Khan, Michel Atlas, Glenn Hirsch, Sohail Ikram, Roberto Bolli
BACKGROUND: There is encouraging evidence of the efficacy of proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors; however, their long-term safety remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of studies to evaluate the long-term safety of PCSK9 inhibitors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our search strategy yielded 11 studies (9 smaller early-phase and 2 larger outcome trials). The outcomes assessed were cumulative serious adverse events, musculoskeletal adverse events, neurocognitive adverse events, and stroke...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068166/risk-factors-for-injuries-during-military-static-line-airborne-operations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Joseph Knapik, Ryan Steelman
OBJECTIVE:  To identify and analyze articles in which the authors examined risk factors for soldiers during military static-line airborne operations. DATA SOURCES:  We searched for articles in PubMed, the Defense Technical Information Center, reference lists, and other sources using the key words airborne, parachuting, parachutes, paratrooper, injuries, wounds, trauma, and musculoskeletal. STUDY SELECTION:  The search identified 17 684 potential studies...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059578/a-bayesian-meta-analytic-approach-for-safety-signal-detection-in-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
Motoi Odani, Satoru Fukimbara, Tosiya Sato
BACKGROUND/AIM: Meta-analyses are frequently performed on adverse event data and are primarily used for improving statistical power to detect safety signals. However, in the evaluation of drug safety for New Drug Applications, simple pooling of adverse event data from multiple clinical trials is still commonly used. We sought to propose a new Bayesian hierarchical meta-analytic approach based on consideration of a hierarchical structure of reported individual adverse event data from multiple randomized clinical trials...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054255/evaluation-of-resistance-training-to-improve-muscular-strength-and-body-composition-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-and-adjuvant-therapy-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Camila S Padilha, Poliana Camila Marinello, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Fernando H Borges, Fernando Frajacomo, Rafael Deminice
PURPOSE: Muscle atrophy and strength decline are two of the most prominent characteristics in cancer patients undergoing cancer therapy, leading to decreased functional ability and reduced quality of life. Therefore, the aim is to systematically review research evidence of the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on lower-limb muscular strength, lean body mass (LBM), and body fat (BF) in cancer patients undertaking neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy. METHODS: This research was conducted using the following online database: Clinical Trial Register, Cochrane Trial Register, PubMed, SPORT Discus, and SciELO, from September 2014 until May 2015...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989329/nonpharmacologic-treatment-of-pain
#20
REVIEW
Anna Monica Agoston, Christine B Sieberg
Pain is a complex biopsychosocial experience that is influenced by neurological processes and psychosocial factors. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of psychological interventions have demonstrated evidence for psychological approaches in treating procedural pain and multiple types of chronic pain, including headaches, abdominal pain, and musculoskeletal pain. This article is directed toward clinicians and would provide an overview of cognitive-behavioral therapy, including specific cognitive-behavioral techniques for pediatric pain...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
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