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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925663/top-poems-of-2016-consistent-with-the-principles-of-the-choosing-wisely-campaign
#1
Roland Grad, Mark H Ebell
A challenge in the Choosing Wisely campaign is to identify low-value clinical actions supported by high-quality evidence. We applied a method based on crowdsourcing the Daily POEM (patient-oriented evidence that matters) to identify low-value clinical actions from research studies consistent with the principles of Choosing Wisely. In 2016, we analyzed an average of 1,382 questionnaires on 265 unique POEMs delivered to physician members of the Canadian Medical Association. From these questionnaires, we identified the POEMs ranking highest on one questionnaire item directly linked to reducing overdiagnosis or overtreatment...
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919117/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-328-diseases-and-injuries-for-195-countries-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. METHODS: We estimated prevalence and incidence for 328 diseases and injuries and 2982 sequelae, their non-fatal consequences...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912809/the-biphasic-effect-of-vitamin-d-on-the-musculoskeletal-and-cardiovascular-system
#3
REVIEW
Armin Zittermann
This narrative review summarizes beneficial and harmful vitamin D effects on the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular system. Special attention is paid to the dose-response relationship of vitamin D with clinical outcomes. In infants and adults, the risk of musculoskeletal diseases is highest at circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations below 25 nmol/L and is low if 40-60 nmol/L are achieved. However, evidence is also accumulating that in elderly people the risk of falls and fractures increases again at circulating 25OHD levels > 100 nmol/L...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912666/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Yosra Azizpour, Ali Delpisheh, Zahra Montazeri, Kourosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) as a musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common occupational injuries in nurses but there isn't any valid measure of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nursing. In order to increase the power and improve the estimates of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out. A summary measure of all studies conducted in this field was found and distributions of LBP were evaluated based on different variables. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included articles with prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, who had at least six months of work experience without any trauma, injuries to spine, or any underlying disease...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862661/the-effect-of-taichi-practice-on-attenuating-bone-mineral-density-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Liye Zou, Chaoyi Wang, Kevin Chen, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Lin Luo, Xitang Zhao
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of practicing Taichi on attenuating bone mineral density (BMD) loss. Methods: Both electronic and manual searches were performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining Taichi for bone health. Two review authors independently performed study selection and data extraction according to inclusion criteria. A third party (Lin Luo) emerged to discuss with the two review authors and resolve a disagreement. Results: Twenty RCTs were found to meet the inclusion criteria and used for meta-analysis with a total effective sample of 1604...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859685/an-umbrella-review-of-the-literature-on-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-for-pain-reduction
#6
Georgios Markozannes, Eleni Aretouli, Evangelia Rintou, Elena Dragioti, Dimitrios Damigos, Evangelia Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are widely implemented for pain management and treatment, but their reported effectiveness shows considerable variation and there is elevated likelihood for bias. METHODS: We summarized the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases in the published literature of psychological interventions for pain treatment using a range of criteria, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study of each meta-analysis, number of participants, 95% prediction intervals, between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance bias...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844806/laryngeal-manual-therapies-for-behavioral-dysphonia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Vanessa Pedrosa, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review systematically the literature and to analyze the effectiveness of laryngeal manual therapy in addressing the overall severity of vocal deviation, the intensity of vocal and laryngeal symptoms, and musculoskeletal pain in adults with behavioral dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Two independent authors selected clinical trials that analyzed the effectiveness of laryngeal manual therapy compared with other interventions in the treatment of adults with behavioral dysphonia from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, and LILACS...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828315/prevalence-of-congenital-anomalies-in-iran-a-review-article
#8
REVIEW
Soudabeh Vatankhah, Mina Jalilvand, Samaneh Sarkhosh, Mina Azarmi, Mohammad Mohseni
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies are considered as main causes of disability and mortality among children in developing and developed countries. Expenditures of hospitalization and treatment procedures for these children impose a large burden on health system and their families. This study aimed to review the prevalence of congenital anomalies among infants in Iran. METHODS: The review of studies was conducted through searching databases including IranMedex, SID, Magiran, Scopus, and PubMed...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812209/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-chronic-widespread-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Wai Chung Yong, Anawin Sanguankeo, Sikarin Upala
Chronic non-specific widespread pain (CWP) including fibromyalgia (FMS) is characterized by widespread pain, reduced pain threshold, and multiple tender points on examination, causing disability and decreased quality of life. Vitamin D has been proposed as an associated factor in CWP. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the benefit of vitamin D supplementation in the management of CWP. A comprehensive search of the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase databases was performed from inception through January 2017. The inclusion criterion was the randomized clinical trials' evaluating the effects of vitamin D treatment in adult subjects with CWP or FMS...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801031/substitution-of-doctors-with-physiotherapists-in-the-management-of-common-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Darryn Marks, Tracy Comans, Leanne Bisset, Paul A Scuffham
BACKGROUND: There is large variation in models-of-care involving the professional substitution of doctors with physiotherapists. OBJECTIVE: To establish the impact upon patients and health services, of substituting doctors with physiotherapists in the management of common musculoskeletal disorders. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL and ABI Complete databases, and hand-searching of related studies. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised and non-randomised clinical trials, inter-rater reliability and comparative studies comparing the outcomes of usual care from doctors, with outcomes when the doctor was substituted with a physiotherapist...
November 28, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776520/a-neglected-infection-in-literature-childhood-musculoskeletal-tuberculosis-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-most-influential-papers
#11
REVIEW
Michael Held, Marie-Fien Bruins, Sophie Castelein, Maritz Laubscher, Robert Dunn, Sven Hoppe
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is known to have a wide range of presentations, and if left untreated, primary TB may lead to bone and joint involvement. The literature on this topic is very scarce, and no comprehensive systematic review or meta-analysis of the current knowledge is available to date. The aim of this study is to identify and analyze the literature with highest impact based on citation rate analysis. All databases of the Thomson and Reuters "Web of Knowledge" were used to conduct our search of the 100 most cited articles on this topic published between 1950 and 2014...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770976/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Christopher Eccleston, Tess E Cooper, Emma Fisher, Brian Anderson, Nick Mr Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as important...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759476/aquatic-exercises-in-the-treatment-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis-of-eight-studies
#13
Zhongju Shi, Hengxing Zhou, Lu Lu, Bin Pan, Zhijian Wei, Xue Yao, Yi Kang, Lu Liu, Shiqing Feng
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is the most common musculoskeletal condition with a high prevalence. There was no sufficient evidence to recommend that aquatic exercise was potentially beneficial to patients with low back pain. The aim of this study was to systematically analyze all evidence available in the literature about effectiveness of the aquatic exercise. DESIGN: A comprehensive search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health was conducted from their inceptions to November 2016 for randomized controlled trials, which concerned the therapeutic aquatic exercise for low back pain...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756301/effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-delivered-by-non-psychologists-on-low-back-pain-and-disability-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Geoff P Bostick
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychological treatments delivered by non-psychologists have been proposed as a way to increase access to care to address important psychological barriers to recovery in people with low back pain (LBP). PURPOSE: Synthesize randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assess the effectiveness of psychological interventions delivered by non-psychologists in reducing pain intensity and disability in adults with LBP, compared to usual care. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review without meta-analysis METHODS: RCTs including adult patients with all types of musculoskeletal LBP were eligible...
July 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752682/impairment-of-retinoic-acid-signaling-in-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-fibroblasts
#15
Grazia Fazio, Laura Rachele Bettini, Silvia Rigamonti, Dorela Meta, Andrea Biondi, Giovanni Cazzaniga, Angelo Selicorni, Valentina Massa
BACKGROUND: Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare genetic disorder affecting the neurodevelopment, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal systems. CdLS is caused by mutations within NIPBL, SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21, and HDAC8 genes. These genes codify for the "cohesin complex" playing a role in chromatid adhesion, DNA repair and gene expression regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate retinoic acid (RA) signaling pathway, a master developmental regulator, in CdLS cells. METHODS: Skin biopsies from CdLS patients and healthy controls were cultured and derived primary fibroblast cells were treated with RA or dimethyl sulfoxide (vehicle)...
July 28, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750310/manual-therapy-exercise-therapy-or-combined-treatment-in-the-management-of-adult-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ken Fredin, Håvard Lorås
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common and often disabling musculoskeletal condition. Two therapies frequently prescribed for its management are manual therapy (MT) and exercise therapy (ET), and combining these treatment approaches are common. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not combined treatment consisting of MT and ET is more effective than either therapy alone in relieving pain and improving function in adult patients with grade I-II neck pain. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
October 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743860/bivariate-genome-wide-association-meta-analysis-of-pediatric-musculoskeletal-traits-reveals-pleiotropic-effects-at-the-srebf1-tom1l2-locus
#17
Carolina Medina-Gomez, John P Kemp, Niki L Dimou, Eskil Kreiner, Alessandra Chesi, Babette S Zemel, Klaus Bønnelykke, Cindy G Boer, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Hans Bisgaard, Evangelos Evangelou, Denise H M Heppe, Lynda F Bonewald, Jeffrey P Gorski, Mohsen Ghanbari, Serkalem Demissie, Gustavo Duque, Matthew T Maurano, Douglas P Kiel, Yi-Hsiang Hsu, Bram C J van der Eerden, Cheryl Ackert-Bicknell, Sjur Reppe, Kaare M Gautvik, Truls Raastad, David Karasik, Jeroen van de Peppel, Vincent W V Jaddoe, André G Uitterlinden, Jonathan H Tobias, Struan F A Grant, Pantelis G Bagos, David M Evans, Fernando Rivadeneira
Bone mineral density is known to be a heritable, polygenic trait whereas genetic variants contributing to lean mass variation remain largely unknown. We estimated the shared SNP heritability and performed a bivariate GWAS meta-analysis of total-body lean mass (TB-LM) and total-body less head bone mineral density (TBLH-BMD) regions in 10,414 children. The estimated SNP heritability is 43% (95% CI: 34-52%) for TBLH-BMD, and 39% (95% CI: 30-48%) for TB-LM, with a shared genetic component of 43% (95% CI: 29-56%)...
July 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729308/the-effect-of-combined-resistance-exercise-training-and-vitamin-d3-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-health-and-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Anneka Elizabeth Antoniak, Carolyn A Greig
OBJECTIVES: In older adults, there is a blunted responsiveness to resistance training and reduced muscle hypertrophy compared with younger adults. There is evidence that both exercise training and vitamin D supplementation may benefit musculoskeletal health in older adults, and it is plausible that in combination their effects may be additive. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of combined resistance exercise training and vitamin D3 supplementation on musculoskeletal health in older adults...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704626/the-effectiveness-of-neural-mobilization-for-neuro-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Annalie Basson, Benita Olivier, Richard Ellis, Michel Coppieters, Aimee Stewart, Witness Mudzi
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background Neural mobilization (NM) or neurodynamics is a movement-based intervention aimed at restoring the homeostasis in and around the nervous system. The current level of evidence for NM is largely unknown. Objectives To determine the efficacy of NM for musculoskeletal conditions with a neuropathic component. Methods Databases were searched for randomised trials investigating the effect of NM for neuro-musculoskeletal conditions. Standard methods for article identification, selection and quality appraisal were used...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686536/dietary-protein-intake-above-the-current-rda-and-bone-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Taylor C Wallace, Cara L Frankenfeld
Dietary intake of protein is fundamental for optimal acquisition and maintenance of bone across all life stages; however, it has been hypothesized that intakes above the current recommended dietary allowance (RDA) might be beneficial for bone health. We utilized the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines when preparing and reporting this systematic review and meta-analysis. A literature search strategy through April 11, 2017, was developed for the following 3 databases: PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Agricola...
August 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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