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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919918/effectiveness-of-foot-orthoses-and-shock-absorbing-insoles-for-the-prevention-of-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Daniel R Bonanno, Karl B Landorf, Shannon E Munteanu, George S Murley, Hylton B Menz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the evidence relating to the effectiveness of foot orthoses and shock-absorbing insoles for the prevention of musculoskeletal injury. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Clinical trials evaluating the effectiveness of foot orthoses and shock-absorbing insoles for the prevention of injury. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and SPORTDiscus from their inception up to the first week of June 2016...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896647/changes-in-non-diabetic-comorbid-disease-status-following-laparoscopic-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy-lvsg-versus-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-lrygb-procedures-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Emma Osland, Rossita Mohamad Yunus, Shahjahan Khan, Breda Memon, Muhammed Ashraf Memon
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (LVSG) have been proposed as cost-effective strategies to manage obesity-related chronic disease. The aim of this systematic review was to study the peer review literature regarding postoperative nondiabetic comorbid disease resolution or improvement reported from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LVSG and LRYGB procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: RCTs comparing postoperative comorbid disease resolution such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea, joint and musculoskeletal conditions, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and menstrual irregularities following LVSG and LRYGB were included for analysis...
November 28, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884862/associations-of-occupational-standing-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Lisa Willenberg, Sharon Parry, Joyce W Shi, Lorena Romero, Diana M Blackwood, Christopher G Maher, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
OBJECTIVE: Given the high exposure to occupational standing in specific occupations, and recent initiatives to encourage intermittent standing among white-collar workers, a better understanding of the potential health consequences of occupational standing is required. We aimed to review and quantify the epidemiological evidence on associations of occupational standing with musculoskeletal symptoms. DESIGN: A systematic review was performed. Data from included articles were extracted and described, and meta-analyses conducted when data were sufficiently homogeneous...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852100/withdrawn-acupuncture-for-neck-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Kien Trinh, Nadine Graham, Dominik Irnich, Ian D Cameron, Mario Forget
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system. Treatments for neck pain are varied, as are perceptions of benefit. Acupuncture has been used as an alternative to more conventional treatment for musculoskeletal pain. This review summarises the most current scientific evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture for acute, subacute and chronic neck pain. This update replaces our 2006 Cochrane review update on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of acupuncture for adults with neck pain, with focus on pain relief, disability or functional measures, patient satisfaction and global perceived effect...
November 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812455/kinetics-and-kinematics-of-diabetic-foot-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-and-without-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Animesh Hazari, Arun G Maiya, K N Shivashankara, Ioannis Agouris, Ashma Monteiro, Radhika Jadhav, Sampath Kumar, C G Shashi Kumar, Shreemathi S Mayya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus patients are at increased risk of developing diabetic foot with peripheral neuropathy, vascular and musculoskeletal complications. Therefore they are prone to develop frequent and often foot problems with a relative high risk of infection, gangrene and amputation. In addition, altered plantar pressure distribution is an important etiopathogenic risk factor for the development of foot ulcers. Thus the review on study of foot kinematic and kinetic in type 2 diabetes mellitus to understand the biomechanical changes is important...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801744/long-term-effects-of-habitual-barefoot-running-and-walking-a-systematic-review
#6
Karsten Hollander, Christoph Heidt, Babette van der Zwaard, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Astrid Zech
INTRODUCTION: Barefoot locomotion is widely believed to be beneficial for motor development and biomechanics but are implied to be responsible for foot pathologies and running-related injuries. While most of available studies focused on acute effects of barefoot running and walking little is known regarding the effects of long-term barefoot vs. shod locomotion. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to evaluate current evidence of habitual barefoot (HB) vs...
October 31, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796924/a-comparison-of-peripheral-imaging-technologies-for-bone-and-muscle-quantification-a-mixed-methods-clinical-review
#7
REVIEW
Andy Kin On Wong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bone and muscle peripheral imaging technologies are reviewed for their association with fractures and frailty. A narrative systematized review was conducted for bone and muscle parameters from each imaging technique. In addition, meta-analyses were performed across all bone quality parameters. RECENT FINDINGS: The current body of evidence for bone quality's association with fractures is strong for (high-resolution) peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), with trabecular separation (Tb...
October 28, 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770542/sertraline-use-in-the-first-trimester-and-risk-of-congenital-anomalies-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#8
Zi-Qi Shen, Shan-Yan Gao, Shawn Xiang Li, Tie-Ning Zhang, Cai-Xia Liu, Hai-Chen Lv, Yuan Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Xin Xu, Chao Ji, Qi-Jun Wu, Da Li
AIM: To perform a meta-analysis of available cohort studies on the association between sertraline use by pregnant women in the first trimester and the findings of congenital anomalies in infants. METHODS: A comprehensive search of articles published from the index date through December 31, 2015 investigating the aforementioned associations was conducted on PubMed and Web of Science. Mesh headings used included the terms "serotonin reuptake inhibitor," "sertraline," "congenital anomalies" and "obstetrical outcome...
October 22, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764035/the-persistence-of-the-effects-of-acupuncture-after-a-course-of-treatment-a-meta-analysis-of-patients-with-chronic-pain
#9
H MacPherson, E A Vertosick, N E Foster, G Lewith, K Linde, K J Sherman, C M Witt, A J Vickers
There is uncertainty regarding how long the effects of acupuncture treatment persist after a course of treatment. We aimed to determine the trajectory of pain scores over time following acupuncture, using a large individual patient dataset from high quality randomized trials of acupuncture for chronic pain. The available individual patient dataset included 29 trials and 17,922 patients. The chronic pain conditions included musculoskeletal pain (low back, neck and shoulder), osteoarthritis of the knee and headache/migraine...
October 17, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761590/the-role-of-calcium-supplementation-in-healthy-musculoskeletal-ageing-an-expert-consensus-meeting-of-the-european-society-for-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-esceo-and-the-international-foundation-for
#10
N C Harvey, E Biver, J-M Kaufman, J Bauer, J Branco, M L Brandi, O Bruyère, V Coxam, A Cruz-Jentoft, E Czerwinski, H Dimai, P Fardellone, F Landi, J-Y Reginster, B Dawson-Hughes, J A Kanis, R Rizzoli, C Cooper
The place of calcium supplementation, with or without concomitant vitamin D supplementation, has been much debated in terms of both efficacy and safety. There have been numerous trials and meta-analyses of supplementation for fracture reduction, and associations with risk of myocardial infarction have been suggested in recent years. In this report, the product of an expert consensus meeting of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) and the International Foundation for Osteoporosis (IOF), we review the evidence for the value of calcium supplementation, with or without vitamin D supplementation, for healthy musculoskeletal ageing...
October 20, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755324/prognostic-factors-for-return-to-work-following-surgery-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#11
Susan Peters, Venerina Johnston, Sonia Hines, Mark Ross, Michel Coppieters
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common problem, that can be effectively managed by surgery. Screening for prognostic factors is important to identify workers who are at a greater risk of a poor work outcome in order to implement tailored interventions to facilitate their return-to-work. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the best available evidence on the association of preoperative prognostic factors with work-related outcomes in people who have undergone carpal tunnel surgery...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707631/stabilization-exercise-compared-to-general-exercises-or-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Jordana Moura Lopes, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Anderson Araujo, Alécio Brasileiro, Camila Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo
AIM: We performed a systematic review with a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of stabilization exercises versus general exercises or manual therapy in patients with low back pain. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Scielo, and CINAHL (from the earliest date available to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy of stabilization exercises compared to general exercises or manual therapy on pain, disability, and function in patients with low back pain...
August 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706912/a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-on-nurses
#13
REVIEW
Laurence Guillaumie, Olivier Boiral, Julie Champagne
AIM: To review the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on Registered Nurses and nursing students. BACKGROUND: Work-related stress among nurses is estimated to be the biggest occupational health problem after musculoskeletal disorders. DESIGN: A mixed-method systematic review incorporating quantitative and qualitative data was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Studies on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for nurses and nursing students published between 1980 and 2014 were identified through a systematic search in electronic databases: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and Cinahl...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677312/birth-weight-in-relation-to-health-and-disease-in-later-life-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#14
Lazaros Belbasis, Makrina D Savvidou, Chidimma Kanu, Evangelos Evangelou, Ioanna Tzoulaki
BACKGROUND: Birth weight, a marker of the intrauterine environment, has been extensively studied in epidemiological research in relation to subsequent health and disease. Although numerous meta-analyses have been published examining the association between birth weight and subsequent health-related outcomes, the epidemiological credibility of these associations has not been thoroughly assessed. The objective of this study is to map the diverse health outcomes associated with birth weight and evaluate the credibility and presence of biases in the reported associations...
September 28, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666160/effectiveness-of-aquatic-exercise-in-improving-lower-limb-strength-in-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Sophie Heywood, Jodie McClelland, Benjamin Mentiplay, Paula Geigle, Ann Rahmann, Ross Clark
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in improving lower limb strength in people with musculoskeletal conditions. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search used 5 databases, including MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and The Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials evaluating aquatic exercise with a resistance training component for adults with musculoskeletal conditions compared with no intervention or land-based exercise were identified...
September 22, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663434/prognostic-value-of-endocrine-treatment-related-symptoms-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#16
Qiufan Zheng, Wen Xia, Qianyi Lu, Ruoxi Hong, Ge Qin, Fei Xu, Tao Qin, Yanxia Shi, Zhongyu Yuan, Shusen Wang
PURPOSE: Endocrine therapy is associated with improved disease-free survival (DFS) in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, but it is also associated with many adverse events. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between endocrine treatment-related symptoms and treatment efficacy in patients receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy. METHOD: EMBASE, Web of Science, PubMed, and CENTRAL databases were searched for studies that compared treatment efficacy between patients in whom adverse events did and did not occur during hormone therapy...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647842/clinical-presentation-of-childhood-leukaemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Rachel T Clarke, Ann Van den Bruel, Clare Bankhead, Christopher D Mitchell, Bob Phillips, Matthew J Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Leukaemia is the most common cancer of childhood, accounting for a third of cases. In order to assist clinicians in its early detection, we systematically reviewed all existing data on its clinical presentation and estimated the frequency of signs and symptoms presenting at or prior to diagnosis. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for all studies describing presenting features of leukaemia in children (0-18 years) without date or language restriction, and, when appropriate, meta-analysed data from the included studies...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634919/effectiveness-of-tai-chi-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-conditions-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Amanda Hall, Bethan Copsey, Helen Richmond, Jacqueline Thompson, Manuela Ferreira, Jane Latimer, Chris G Maher
BACKGROUND: Tai chi is recommended for musculoskeletal conditions; however, the evidence for its clinical effectiveness is uncertain. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether tai chi is beneficial for clinical outcomes in people with musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases were searched: Embase, PEDro, AMED, MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials of tai chi for people with a chronic musculoskeletal condition were included...
September 15, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630069/development-of-an-active-behavioural-physiotherapy-intervention-abpi-for-acute-whiplash-associated-disorder-wad-ii-management-a-modified-delphi-study
#19
Taweewat Wiangkham, Joan Duda, M Sayeed Haque, Alison Rushton
OBJECTIVE: To develop an active behavioural physiotherapy intervention (ABPI) for managing acute whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) II using a modified Delphi method to develop consensus for the basic features of the ABPI. DESIGN: Modified Delphi study. Our systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating conservative management for acute WADII found that a combined ABPI may be a useful intervention to prevent patients progressing to chronicity. No previous research has considered a combined behavioural approach and active physiotherapy in the management of acute WADII patients...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620659/efficacy-and-safety-of-derris-scandens-roxb-benth-for-musculoskeletal-pain-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Panupong Puttarak, Ratree Sawangjit, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth. has been used as active ingredient in Thai traditional medicine recipes for pain treatment. Dry stem powder and ethanolic extract also recommended in Thailand National List of Essential Medicines (NLEMs) for musculoskeletal pain treatment as herbal medicine. However, no summarization of clinical effect and safety has been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine the clinical effects and safety of D...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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