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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339922/effect-of-rhythmic-auditory-cueing-on-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai, Alfred O Effenberg
Auditory entrainment can influence gait performance in movement disorders. The entrainment can incite neurophysiological and musculoskeletal changes to enhance motor execution. However, a consensus as to its effects based on gait in people with cerebral palsy is still warranted. A systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to analyze the effects of rhythmic auditory cueing on spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters of gait in people with cerebral palsy. Systematic identification of published literature was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine guidelines, from inception until July 2017, on online databases: Web of Science, PEDro, EBSCO, Medline, Cochrane, Embase and ProQuest...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305453/synovasure-quick-test-is-not-as-accurate-as-the-laboratory-based-%C3%AE-defensin-immunoassay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
K Suen, M Keeka, R Ailabouni, P Tran
AIMS: α-defensin is a biomarker which has been described as having a high degree of accuracy in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Current meta-analyses are based on the α-defensin laboratory-based immunoassay rather than the quick on-table lateral flow test kit. This study is the first meta-analysis to compare the accuracy of the α-defensin laboratory-based immunoassay and the lateral flow test kit for the diagnosis of PJI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304378/life-course-genome-wide-association-study-meta-analysis-of-total-body-bmd-and-assessment-of-age-specific-effects
#4
Carolina Medina-Gomez, John P Kemp, Katerina Trajanoska, Jian'an Luan, Alessandra Chesi, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Annelies Ham, Fernando P Hartwig, Daniel S Evans, Raimo Joro, Ivana Nedeljkovic, Hou-Feng Zheng, Kun Zhu, Mustafa Atalay, Ching-Ti Liu, Maria Nethander, Linda Broer, Gudmar Porleifsson, Benjamin H Mullin, Samuel K Handelman, Mike A Nalls, Leon E Jessen, Denise H M Heppe, J Brent Richards, Carol Wang, Bo Chawes, Katharina E Schraut, Najaf Amin, Nick Wareham, David Karasik, Nathalie Van der Velde, M Arfan Ikram, Babette S Zemel, Yanhua Zhou, Christian J Carlsson, Yongmei Liu, Fiona E McGuigan, Cindy G Boer, Klaus Bønnelykke, Stuart H Ralston, John A Robbins, John P Walsh, M Carola Zillikens, Claudia Langenberg, Ruifang Li-Gao, Frances M K Williams, Tamara B Harris, Kristina Akesson, Rebecca D Jackson, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Martin den Heijer, Bram C J van der Eerden, Jeroen van de Peppel, Timothy D Spector, Craig Pennell, Bernardo L Horta, Janine F Felix, Jing Hua Zhao, Scott G Wilson, Renée de Mutsert, Hans Bisgaard, Unnur Styrkársdóttir, Vincent W Jaddoe, Eric Orwoll, Timo A Lakka, Robert Scott, Struan F A Grant, Mattias Lorentzon, Cornelia M van Duijn, James F Wilson, Kari Stefansson, Bruce M Psaty, Douglas P Kiel, Claes Ohlsson, Evangelia Ntzani, Andre J van Wijnen, Vincenzo Forgetta, Mohsen Ghanbari, John G Logan, Graham R Williams, J H Duncan Bassett, Peter I Croucher, Evangelos Evangelou, Andre G Uitterlinden, Cheryl L Ackert-Bicknell, Jonathan H Tobias, David M Evans, Fernando Rivadeneira
Bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by DXA is used to evaluate bone health. In children, total body (TB) measurements are commonly used; in older individuals, BMD at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) is used to diagnose osteoporosis. To date, genetic variants in more than 60 loci have been identified as associated with BMD. To investigate the genetic determinants of TB-BMD variation along the life course and test for age-specific effects, we performed a meta-analysis of 30 genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of TB-BMD including 66,628 individuals overall and divided across five age strata, each spanning 15 years...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282539/the-global-spine-care-initiative-a-systematic-review-of-individual-and-community-based-burden-of-spinal-disorders-in-rural-populations-in-low-and-middle-income-communities
#5
REVIEW
Eric L Hurwitz, Kristi Randhawa, Paola Torres, Hainan Yu, Leslie Verville, Jan Hartvigsen, Pierre Côté, Scott Haldeman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to synthesize literature on the burden of spinal disorders in rural communities to inform the Global Spine Care Initiative care pathway and model of care for their application in medically underserved areas and low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Inclusion criteria included all age groups with nonspecific low back pain, neck pain, and associated disorders, nonspecific thoracic spinal pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, radiculopathy, or spinal stenosis...
December 27, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282463/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-surgeons-and-interventionalists-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Sherise Epstein, Emily H Sparer, Bao N Tran, Qing Z Ruan, Jack T Dennerlein, Dhruv Singhal, Bernard T Lee
Importance: Physicians in procedural specialties are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This has been called "an impending epidemic" in the context of the looming workforce shortage; however, prevalence estimates vary by study. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of work-related MSDs among at-risk physicians and to evaluate the scope of preventive efforts. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), Web of Science, PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information), and 2 clinical trial registries, without language restriction, for studies reporting on the prevalence and prevention of work-related MSDs among at-risk physicians published until December 2016...
December 27, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275134/comparative-safety-of-drugs-targeting-the-nitric-oxide-pathway-in-pulmonary-hypertension-a-mixed-approach-combining-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials-and-a-disproportionality-analysis-from-the-who-pharmacovigilance-database
#7
C Khouri, M Lepelley, M Roustit, F Montastruc, M Humbert, J L Cracowski
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines recommend riociguat, a soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulator, as well as the type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitor (PDE5i) tadalafil or sildenafil as treatments for pulmonary arterial hypertension. We compared the safety profiles of sildenafil, tadalafil and riociguat in pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We combined two approaches: First, we performed a meta-analysis of safety data extracted from randomized controlled trials. Secondly, we conducted a disproportionality analysis of data from VigiBase, the WHO global database of individual case safety reports, to compare the safety profiles with real life data...
December 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273650/clinical-efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-3d-printing-a-systematic-review
#8
Laura E Diment, Mark S Thompson, Jeroen H M Bergmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and effectiveness of using 3D printing to develop medical devices across all medical fields. DESIGN: Systematic review compliant with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, IEEE Xplore and Google Scholar. METHODS: A double-blinded review method was used to select all abstracts up to January 2017 that reported on clinical trials of a three-dimensional (3D)-printed medical device...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246253/prevalence-and-pattern-of-co-occurring-musculoskeletal-pain-and-its-association-with-back-related-disability-among-people-with-persistent-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Cecilie K Overaas, Melker S Johansson, Tarcisio F de Campos, Manuela L Ferreira, Bard Natvig, Paul J Mork, Jan Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with persistent low back pain commonly have a broad range of other health concerns including co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, which significantly affect their quality of life, symptom severity, and treatment outcomes. The purpose of this review is to get a better understanding of prevalence and patterns of co-occurring musculoskeletal pain complaints in those with persistent low back pain and its potential association with age, sex, and back-related disability as it might affect prognosis and management...
December 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241834/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-and-transdermal-opioid-analgesics-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Rodrigo Z Megale, Leticia A Deveza, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Paulo H Ferreira, Andrew J McLachlan, Manuela L Ferreira
This systematic review with meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using opioid analgesics in older adults with musculoskeletal pain. We searched Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, AMED, CINAHL and LILACS for randomized controlled trial with mean population age of 60 years or older, comparing the efficacy and safety of opioid analgesics with placebo for musculoskeletal pain conditions. Reviewers extracted data, assessed risk of bias and evaluated the quality of evidence using the GRADE approach...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233804/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Helen Slater, Jared M Campbell, Jennifer N Stinson, Megan M Burley, Andrew M Briggs
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society. Exploring how mobile health (mHealth) technologies can support management for young people with NCDs is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, appraise, and synthesize available qualitative evidence on users' experiences of mHealth technologies for NCD management in young people...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224586/a-scoping-review-of-the-evidence-for-efficacy-of-acupuncture-in-companion-animals
#12
Wesley J Rose, Jan M Sargeant, W J Brad Hanna, David Kelton, Dianna M Wolfe, Lee V Wisener
Acupuncture has become increasingly popular in veterinary medicine. Within the scientific literature there is debate regarding its efficacy. Due to the complex nature of acupuncture, a scoping review was undertaken to identify and categorize the evidence related to acupuncture in companion animals (dogs, cats, and horses). Our search identified 843 relevant citations. Narrative reviews represented the largest proportion of studies (43%). We identified 179 experimental studies and 175 case reports/case series that examined the efficacy of acupuncture...
December 11, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222059/some-cochrane-risk-of-bias-items-are-not-important-in-osteoarthritis-trials-a-meta-epidemiological-study-based-on-cochrane-reviews
#13
REVIEW
Julie Bolvig, Carsten B Juhl, Isabelle Boutron, Peter Tugwell, Elizabeth A T Ghogomu, Jordi Pardo Pardo, Tamara Rader, George A Wells, Alain Mayhew, Lara Maxwell, Hans Lund, Henning Bliddal, Robin Christensen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of bias-related study characteristics on treatment effects in osteoarthritis (OA) trials. STUDY DESIGN: Based on OA trials included in Cochrane reviews the impact of study characteristics on treatment effect estimates were evaluated. Characteristics included items of the risk of bias tool (RoB), trial size, single vs multi-site, and source of funding. Effect sizes were calculated as standardized mean differences (SMDs). Meta-regression was performed to identify "relevant study-level covariates" that decreases the between-study variance (τˆ2)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217766/ultrasonographic-scoring-system-for-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-horses-intra-and-inter-rater-variability
#14
Rafael Alzola Domingo, Chris M Riggs, David S Gardner, Sarah L Freeman
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) tendinopathy is an important musculoskeletal problem in horses. The study objective was to validate an ultrasonographic scoring system for SDFT injuries. Ultrasonographic images from 14 Thoroughbred racehorses with SDFT lesions (seven core; seven diffuse) and two controls were blindly assessed by five clinicians on two occasions. Ultrasonographic parameters evaluated were: type and extent of the injury, location, echogenicity, cross-sectional area and longitudinal fibre pattern of the maximal injury zone (MIZ)...
December 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207452/congenital-malformations-in-infants-of-mothers-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#15
Hayedeh Hoorsan, Parvin Mirmiran, Shahla Chaichian, Yousef Moradi, Roza Hoorsan, Fatemeh Jesmi
Objectives: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate congenital malformations in infants conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART), compared with infants conceived spontaneously. Methods: In this study, available resources searched to find relevant articles included PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, ProQuest, Iranmedex, Magiran, and Scientific Information Database. After extracting the necessary information from evaluated articles, meta-analysis on the articles' data was performed using Stata version 11...
November 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198932/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-update-of-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Andrew J Vickers, Emily A Vertosick, George Lewith, Hugh MacPherson, Nadine E Foster, Karen J Sherman, Dominik Irnich, Claudia M Witt, Klaus Linde
Despite wide use in clinical practice, acupuncture remains a controversial treatment for chronic pain. Our objective was to update an individual patient data meta-analysis to determine the effect size of acupuncture for four chronic pain conditions.We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials randomized trials published up until December 31, 2015. We included randomized trials of acupuncture needling versus either sham acupuncture or no acupuncture control for non-specific musculoskeletal pain, osteoarthritis, chronic headache, or shoulder pain...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177074/prognostic-factors-for-specific-lower-extremity-and-spinal-musculoskeletal-injuries-identified-through-medical-screening-and-training-load-monitoring-in-professional-football-soccer-a-systematic-review
#17
Tom Hughes, Jamie C Sergeant, Matthew J Parkes, Michael J Callaghan
Background: Medical screening and load monitoring procedures are commonly used in professional football to assess factors perceived to be associated with injury. Objectives: To identify prognostic factors (PFs) and models for lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injuries in professional/elite football players from medical screening and training load monitoring processes. Methods: The MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus and PubMed electronic bibliographic databases were searched (from inception to January 2017)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167076/the-convergence-of-two-epidemics-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-obese-school-aged-children
#18
REVIEW
Linda Cheng
PROBLEM: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and obesity are two interrelated global epidemics that affect school-aged children. This article will review the relationship between VDD and obesity in school-aged children and implications it has for the pediatric nurse (PN). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Original articles of studies, review articles and meta-analyses were selected from the past 5years and pooled for review. These included obese school-aged children who had vitamin D insufficiency...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166893/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-aimed-at-increasing-physical-activity-in-adults-with-persistent-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Joanne Marley, Mark A Tully, Alison Porter-Armstrong, Brendan Bunting, John O'Hanlon, Lou Atkins, Sarah Howes, Suzanne M McDonough
BACKGROUND: Individuals with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMP) have an increased risk of developing co-morbid health conditions and for early-mortality compared to those without pain. Despite irrefutable evidence supporting the role of physical activity in reducing these risks; there has been limited synthesis of the evidence, potentially impacting the optimisation of these forms of interventions. This review examines the effectiveness of interventions in improving levels of physical activity and the components of these interventions...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154263/the-effectiveness-of-proprioceptive-and-neuromuscular-training-compared-to-bracing-in-reducing-the-recurrence-rate-of-ankle-sprains-in-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
M Burger, D Dreyer, R L Fisher, D Foot, D H O'connor, M Galante, S Zalgaonkir
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are common musculoskeletal injuries in which the ligaments of the ankle partially or completely tear due to sudden stretching. OBJECTIVES: To critically appraise, evaluate and establish the best available evidence to determine the effectiveness of proprioceptive and neuromuscular training (PNT) compared to bracing in reducing the recurrence rate of ankle sprains in athletes. METHODOLOGY: The following seven databases were searched in June 2017: PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, EBSCO Host: CINAHL...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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