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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529463/nutrition-practices-and-knowledge-among-ncaa-division-iii-football-players
#1
Elizabeth Lea Abbey, Cynthia Joy Wright, Christina M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Participation in collegiate American football is physically demanding and may have long-term health implications, particularly in relation to cardiovascular and neurological health. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III (DIII) football players are a relatively unstudied population, particularly in terms of their dietary habits and knowledge. The aim of the present study was to descriptively evaluate the dietary intake of DIII football players including a subset of linemen and assess the nutritional knowledge and sources of information of these athletes...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528524/a-novel-public-health-approach-to-measuring-tobacco-cessation-needs-among-cancer-survivors-in-alaska
#2
J Michael Underwood, Samantha J Hyde-Rolland, Julia Thorsness, Sherri L Stewart
Cancer survivors who continue to smoke have poorer response to treatment, higher risk for future cancers and lower survival rates than those who quit tobacco after diagnosis. Despite the increased risk for negative health outcomes, tobacco use among Alaskan cancer survivors is 19%, among the highest in the nation. To characterize and address tobacco cessation needs among cancer survivors who called a quit line for help in quitting tobacco, Alaska's Comprehensive Cancer Control program initiated a novel partnership with the state's Tobacco Quit Line...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524904/metastatic-lung-cancer-and-distress-use-of-the-distress-thermometer-for-patient-assessment
#4
Victoria Sherry, Carmen Guerra, Anjana Ranganathan, Susan M Schneider
BACKGROUND: Patients with metastatic lung cancer experience high levels of distress related to their disease trajectory and treatment. Oncology nurses are experts in patient care and symptom management, giving them an opportunity to screen and treat patients' distress.
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to screen patients for distress and manage their symptoms to positively affect their quality of life, treatment adherence, and clinical outcomes, and to reduce healthcare costs...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523960/the-health-literacy-dyad-the-contribution-of-future-gps-in-england
#5
Oana R Groene, Jane Wills, Nicola Crichton, Gill Rowlands, Rima R Rudd
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies have primarily focused on the cognitive and social skills of individuals needed to gain access to, understand, and use health information. This area of study is undergoing a paradigm shift with increased attention being paid to the skills of practitioners and an examination of their contribution to the link between literacy and health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the health literacy related competencies of General Practice (GP) trainees who will soon be responsible for the clinical encounter...
May 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523476/impact-of-a-patient-navigator-program-on-hospital-based-and-outpatient-utilization-over-180%C3%A2-days-in-a-safety-net-health-system
#6
Richard B Balaban, Fang Zhang, Catherine E Vialle-Valentin, Alison A Galbraith, Marguerite E Burns, Marc R Larochelle, Dennis Ross-Degnan
BACKGROUND: With emerging global payment structures, medical systems need to understand longer-term impacts of care transition strategies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a care transition program using patient navigators (PNs) on health service utilization among high-risk safety-net patients over a 180-day period. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial conducted October 2011 through April 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Patients admitted to the general medicine service with ≥1 readmission risk factor: (1) age ≥ 60; (2) in-network inpatient admission within prior 6 months; (3) index length of stay ≥ 3 days; or (4) admission diagnosis of heart failure or (5) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 18, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520585/the-role-of-simulation-and-warm-up-in-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery
#7
Janelle K Moulder, Michelle Louie, Tarek Toubia, Lauren D Schiff, Matthew T Siedhoff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is to update the reader on the current literature and recent studies evaluating the role of simulation and warm-up as part of surgical education and training, and maintenance of surgical skills. RECENT FINDINGS: Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic simulation may improve psychomotor skills, particularly for early-stage learners. However, data are mixed as to whether simulation education is directly transferable to surgical skill...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516848/the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-female-sexual-coercion
#8
Holly A Miller, Jeffrey A Bouffard, Cassidy A DeHaan
Researchers have consistently found a relationship between psychopathy and the use of sexual coercion in samples of males with and without previous sexual arrests (Abbey, Jacques-Tiura, & LeBreton, 2011; Hare, 1991; Hersh & Gray-Little, 1998; Seto & Lalumiere, 2000). Although there is growing recognition that females also engage in sexually coercive behavior, current understanding of female coercion is limited (Bouffard, Bouffard, & Miller, 2015; Cortoni, Hanson, & Coache, 2010; Muñoz, Khan, & Cordwell, 2011)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515981/a-six-week-supervised-exercise-and-educational-intervention-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#9
Federico Pozzi, Kathleen Madara, Joseph A Zeni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most rehabilitation interventions after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are not designed to return patients to high-levels of physical activity and, thus, low levels of physical activity and residual weakness are common. The purpose of this case series was to describe the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an exercise and education intervention for patients after THA who have already completed formal outpatient physical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515840/self-optimization-of-stride-length-among-experienced-and-inexperienced-runners
#10
Iain Hunter, Kelly Lee, Jared Ward, James Tracy
Experienced runners appear to naturally select a stride length which is optimal for minimizing oxygen uptake. However, whether this ability is naturally built into the human body or whether it is learned through experience has not been previously tested. This study investigated whether inexperienced runners are as capable as experienced runners of self-optimizing stride length to minimize oxygen uptake. Thirty-three subjects (nineteen experienced and fourteen inexperienced) ran for twenty-minutes while preferred and economical stride lengths were measured...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515832/a-low-dose-caffeine-and-carbohydrate-supplement-does-not-improve-athletic-performance-during-volleyball-competition
#11
David R Pfeifer, Kelsey M Arvin, Courtney N Herschberger, Nicholas J Haynes, Matthew S Renfrow
Dietary supplements are widely used to enhance sport performance and the combination of carbohydrate and caffeine (CHO+CAF) has yielded particularly high performance gains. Though the effects of a CHO+CAF supplement have been studied in a laboratory environment, little research exists on the effects of supplementation during competition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a CHO+CAF supplement on athletic performance in competition. Eight female collegiate volleyball players completed three testing sessions under three different conditions separated by approximately one week each: CHO+CAF supplement, placebo (PBO), and control (CTL) using a randomized, cross-over design...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515056/reducing-musculoskeletal-injury-and-concussion-risk-in-schoolboy-rugby-players-with-a-pre-activity-movement-control-exercise-programme-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Michael D Hislop, Keith A Stokes, Sean Williams, Carly D McKay, Mike E England, Simon P T Kemp, Grant Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injury risk in youth rugby has received much attention, highlighting the importance of establishing evidence-based injury reduction strategies. AIM: To determine the efficacy of a movement control exercise programme in reducing injuries in youth rugby players and to investigate the effect of programme dose on injury measures. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial, 40 independent schools (118 teams, 3188 players aged 14-18 years) were allocated to receive either the intervention or a reference programme, both of which were to be delivered by school coaches...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514912/team-sponsors-in-community-based-health-leadership-programs
#13
Tracy Enright Patterson, Donna R Dinkin, Heather Champion
Purpose The purpose of this article is to share the lessons learned about the role of team sponsors in action-learning teams as part of community-based health leadership development programs. Design/methodology/approach This case study uses program survey results from fellow participants, action learning coaches and team sponsors to understand the value of sponsors to the teams, the roles they most often filled and the challenges they faced as team sponsors. Findings The extent to which the sponsors were perceived as having contributed to the work of the action learning teams varied greatly from team to team...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514809/iso-duration-determination-of-d%C3%A2-and-cs-under-laboratory-and-field-conditions
#14
Christoph Triska, Bettina Karsten, Alfred Nimmerichter, Harald Tschan
Whilst Critical Speed (CS) has been successfully translated from the laboratory into the field, this translation is still outstanding for the related maximum running distance (D'). Using iso-duration exhaustive laboratory and field runs, this study investigated the potential interchangeable use of both parameters, D' and CS. After an incremental exercise test, 10 male participants (age: 24.9±2.1 yrs; height: 180.8±5.8 cm; body mass: 75.3±8.6 kg; V̇ ˙VO2peak 52.9±3.1 mL∙min(-1)∙kg(-1)) performed 3 time-to-exhaustion runs on a treadmill followed by 3 exhaustive time-trial runs on a-400 m athletics outdoor track...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512560/the-start-up-of-the-first-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-center-in-the-iraqi-kurdistan-a-capacity-building-cooperative-project-by-the-hiwa-cancer-hospital-sulaymaniyah-and-the-italian-agency-for-development-cooperation-an-innovative-approach
#15
Ignazio Majolino, Dosti Othman, Attilio Rovelli, Dastan Hassan, Luqman Rasool, Michele Vacca, Nigar Abdalrahman, Chra Abdullah, Zhalla Ahmed, Dlir Ali, Kosar Ali, Chiara Broggi, Cinzia Calabretta, Marta Canesi, Gloria Ciabatti, Claudia Del Fante, Elisabetta De Sapio, Giovanna Dore, Andrea Frigato, Marcela Gabriel, Francesco Ipsevich, Harem Kareem, Dana Karim, Rosa Leone, Tavan Mahmood, Annunziata Manna, Maria Speranza Massei, Andrea Mastria, Dereen Mohammed, Rebar Mohammed, Khoshnaw Najmaddin, Diana Noori, Angelo Ostuni, Angelo Palmas, Marco Possenti, Ali Qadir, Giorgio Real, Rebwar Shrif, Caterina Valdatta, Stefania Vasta, Marta Verna, Mariangela Vittori, Awder Yousif, Francesco Zallio, Alessandro Calisti, Sergio Quattrocchi, Corrado Girmenia
We describe the entire process leading to the start-up of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center at the Hiwa Cancer Hospital, in the city of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Iraqi Region. This capacity building project was funded by the Italian Development Cooperation Agency and implemented with the support of the volunteer work of Italian professionals, either physicians, nurses, biologists and technicians. The intervention started in April 2016, was based exclusively on training and coaching on site, that represent a significant innovative approach, and led to a first autologous transplant in June 2016 and to the first allogeneic transplant in October...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512189/when-is-a-study-result-important-for-athletes-clinicians-and-team-coaches-staff
#16
EDITORIAL
Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Michael Lejbach Bertelsen, Evert Verhagen, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Adam Hulme, Merete Møller, Martí Casals
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511924/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-phone-based-care-coordination-pilot-on-hospital-utilisation-and-costs-for-patients-with-chest-pain
#17
Peita Price, Ruth Vincent, Mark Tacey, Jane Gilchrist, Danny Liew, Leeanne Grigg, Lucio Naccarella
BACKGROUND: A small percentage of the population represents a disproportionate number of attendances at emergency departments (ED). "Frequent presenters" to ED with chest pain do not always fit into established pathways for acute myocardial events. With accelerated "rule out" protocols, patients are often discharged from the Emergency Department (ED) after short lengths of stay. This research will evaluate the effectiveness of a phone based care-coordination pilot designed to meet the needs of patients attending ED with cardiac and non-cardiac chest pain...
April 20, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508579/childhood-obesity-treatment-telephone-coaching-is-as-good-as-usual-care-in-maintaining-weight-loss-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
A Bohlin, E Hagman, S Klaesson, P Danielsson
There is a need for more flexible treatment strategies to help patients reach relevant treatment outcomes and adhere better to treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy, in terms of patients' weight status, of replacing usual care (UC) physical visits with more frequent but shorter telephone coaching (TC) sessions as part of a structured childhood obesity treatment. In this controlled study, patients aged 5-14 years from the Södertälje outpatient clinic, Sweden were randomized to either UC or TC over an 18-month period after participating in an initial standard obesity treatment programme...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508115/when-kinesthetic-information-is-neglected-in-learning-a-novel-bimanual-rhythmic-coordination
#19
Qin Zhu, Todd Mirich, Shaochen Huang, Winona Snapp-Childs, Geoffrey P Bingham
Many studies have shown that rhythmic interlimb coordination involves perception of the coupled limb movements, and different sensory modalities can be used. Using visual displays to inform the coupled bimanual movement, novel bimanual coordination patterns can be learned with practice. A recent study showed that similar learning occurred without vision when a coach provided manual guidance during practice. The information provided via the two different modalities may be same (amodal) or different (modality specific)...
May 15, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506540/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-program-to-brazilian-mothers-who-use-corporal-punishment
#20
Paolla Magioni Santini, Lucia C A Williams
This study evaluated a positive parenting program to Brazilian mothers who used corporal punishment with their children. The intervention was conducted in four agencies serving vulnerable children, and at a home replica laboratory at the University. Mothers who admitted using corporal punishment were randomly assigned between experimental (n=20) and control group (n=20). The program consisted of 12 individual sessions using one unit from Projeto Parceria (Partnership Project), with specific guidelines and materials on positive parenting, followed by observational sessions of mother-child interaction with live coaching and a video feedback session in the lab...
May 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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