Read by QxMD icon Read

electromagnetic cell differentiation

NaRi Seo, Sung-Ho Lee, Kyung Won Ju, JaeMan Woo, BongJu Kim, SoungMin Kim, Jeong Won Jahng, Jong-Ho Lee
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been shown to promote the regeneration of injured peripheral nerves. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) reportedly promotes the proliferation and neuronal differentiation of BMSCs. Low-frequency PEMF can induce the neuronal differentiation of BMSCs in the absence of nerve growth factors. This study was designed to investigate the effects of low-frequency PEMF pretreatment on the proliferation and function of BMSCs and the effects of low-frequency PEMF pre-treated BMSCs on the regeneration of injured peripheral nerve using in vitro and in vivo experiments...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Sepide Heydari Asl, Hoorieh Hosseinpoor, Kazem Parivar, Nasim Hayati Roodbari, Hana Hanaee-Ahvaz
BACKGROUND: Despite significant achievements in the field of tissue engineering, simplification and improvement of the existing protocols are of great importance. The use of complex differentiation media, due to the presence of multiple factors, may have some undesired effects on cell health and functions. Thus, minimizing the number of involved factors, while maintaining the differentiation efficiency, provides less costly and controllable conditions. Adipose-derived Mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), the adult stem cells present in adipose tissue, can be a suitable source of stem cells due to abundant and ease of access...
February 2018: Tissue & Cell
Mohammad Hassan Sakhaie, Mansoureh Soleimani, Bagher Pourheydar, Zahra Majd, Pezhman Atefimanesh, Sara Soleimani Asl, Mehdi Mehdizadeh
Exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields may induce constant modulation in neuronal plasticity. In recent years, tremendous efforts have been made to design a suitable strategy for enhancing adult neurogenesis, which seems to be deterred due to brain senescence and several neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of ELF-EMF on neurogenesis and memory, following treatment with trimethyltin chloride (TMT) as a neurotoxicant. The mice in all groups ( n = 56) were injected with BrdU during the experiment for seven consecutive days to label newborn cells...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
Ezzatollah Fathi, Raheleh Farahzadi
Unlike the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in regenerative medicine, their application in cell therapy can be complicated by factors such as a reduction in the proliferation potential, senescent tendency of MSCs to expand, and an age-dependent decline in their number and functions. It was shown that there is an association between exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and response to stress, cell proliferation, aging, and cell death. Furthermore, the zinc ion, as an essential trace element, was reported to be involved in the regulation of the growth and cell proliferation...
November 30, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
Simon Nimpf, Erich Pascal Malkemper, Mattias Lauwers, Lyubov Ushakova, Gregory Nordmann, Andrea Wenninger-Weinzierl, Thomas R Burkard, Sonja Jacob, Thomas Heuser, Guenter P Resch, David A Keays
Hair cells are specialized sensors located in the inner ear that enable the transduction of sound, motion, and gravity into neuronal impulses. In birds some hair cells contain an iron-rich organelle, the cuticulosome, that has been implicated in the magnetic sense. Here, we exploit histological, transcriptomic, and tomographic methods to investigate the development of cuticulosomes, as well as the molecular and subcellular architecture of cuticulosome positive hair cells. We show that this organelle forms rapidly after hatching in a process that involves vesicle fusion and nucleation of ferritin nanoparticles...
November 15, 2017: ELife
Sabrina Ehnert, Anne-Kristin Fentz, Anna Schreiner, Johannes Birk, Benjamin Wilbrand, Patrick Ziegler, Marie K Reumann, Hongbo Wang, Karsten Falldorf, Andreas K Nussler
Recently, we identified a specific extremely low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (ELF-PEMF) that supports human osteoblast (hOBs) function in an ERK1/2-dependent manner, suggesting reactive oxygen species (ROS) being key regulators in this process. Thus, this study aimed at investigating how ELF-PEMF exposure can modulate hOBs function via ROS. Our results show that single exposure to ELF-PEMF induced ROS production in hOBs, without reducing intracellular glutathione. Repetitive exposure (>3) to ELF-PEMF however reduced ROS-levels, suggesting alterations in the cells antioxidative stress response...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yong Cheng, Zhiwei Qu, Ximeng Fu, Qi Jiang, Jianfeng Fei
A variety of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been experimentally and clinically used in an effort to promote wound healing, although the mechanisms involved remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the action of a novel protocol of co‑treatment with PEMFs and hydroxytyrosol (HTY) on the proliferation and differentiation potential of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The HUVECs were assigned randomly into three groups: Control, PEMF‑treated and PEMF + HT‑treated...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zhiming He, Nagarajan Selvamurugan, Johanna Warshaw, Nicola C Partridge
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can be effective in promoting the healing of delayed union or nonunion fractures. We previously reported that PEMF (Spinal-Stim® by Orthofix, Inc., Lewisville, TX) stimulated proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of rat calvarial osteoblastic cells in culture. In the present work we investigated the effects of PEMF (Physio-Stim® by Orthofix, Inc., Lewisville, TX) on human bone marrow macrophages (hBMMs) differentiated to osteoclasts. PEMF had striking inhibitory effects on formation of osteoclasts from hBMMs from both younger and older women...
January 2018: Bone
Mengchu Cui, Hongfei Ge, Hengli Zhao, Yongjie Zou, Yujie Chen, Hua Feng
Localized magnetic fields (MFs) could easily penetrate the scalp, skull, and meninges, thus inducing an electrical current in both the central and peripheral nervous systems, which is primarily used in transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for inducing specific effects on different regions or cells that play roles in various brain activities. Studies of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have led to novel attractive therapeutic approaches. Neural stem cells (NSCs) in adult human brain are able to self-renew and possess multidifferential ability to maintain homeostasis and repair damage after acute central nervous system...
2017: Stem Cells International
Armin Geraili, Parya Jafari, Mohsen Sheikh Hassani, Behnaz Heidary Araghi, Mohammad Hossein Mohammadi, Amir Mohammad Ghafari, Sara Hasanpour Tamrin, Hassan Pezeshgi Modarres, Ahmad Rezaei Kolahchi, Samad Ahadian, Amir Sanati-Nezhad
Organ-on-chip (OOC) platforms have attracted attentions of pharmaceutical companies as powerful tools for screening of existing drugs and development of new drug candidates. OOCs have primarily used human cell lines or primary cells to develop biomimetic tissue models. However, the ability of human stem cells in unlimited self-renewal and differentiation into multiple lineages has made them attractive for OOCs. The microfluidic technology has enabled precise control of stem cell differentiation using soluble factors, biophysical cues, and electromagnetic signals...
September 14, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Nazanin Haghighat, Parviz Abdolmaleki, Javad Parnian, Mehrdad Behmanesh
Nitric oxide (NO) is a diatomic free radical compound that as a secondary messenger contributes to cell physiological functions and its variations influence proteins activity and triggering intracellular signaling cascades. Low frequency electromagnetic field (EMF) alters the cell biology such as cell differentiation by targeting the plasma membrane and entering force to the ions and small electrical ligands. The effect of these chemical (NO) and physical (EMF) factors on the expression of the stemness and neuronal differentiation markers in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) was investigated...
August 24, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Dinesh Parate, Alfredo Franco-Obregón, Jürg Fröhlich, Christian Beyer, Azlina A Abbas, Tunku Kamarul, James H P Hui, Zheng Yang
Pulse electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been shown to recruit calcium-signaling cascades common to chondrogenesis. Here we document the effects of specified PEMF parameters over mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) chondrogenic differentiation. MSCs undergoing chondrogenesis are preferentially responsive to an electromagnetic efficacy window defined by field amplitude, duration and frequency of exposure. Contrary to conventional practice of administering prolonged and repetitive exposures to PEMFs, optimal chondrogenic outcome is achieved in response to brief (10 minutes), low intensity (2 mT) exposure to 6 ms bursts of magnetic pulses, at 15 Hz, administered only once at the onset of chondrogenic induction...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jie Tong, Lijun Sun, Bin Zhu, Yun Fan, Xingfeng Ma, Liyin Yu, Jianbao Zhang
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) can be used to treat bone-related diseases, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear, especially the process by which PEMFs initiate biological effects. In this study, we demonstrated the effects of PEMF on proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts using the model of calcium transients induced by high extracellular calcium. Our results showed that PEMF can increase both the percentage of responding cells and amplitude of intracellular calcium transients induced by high extracellular calcium stimulation...
October 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
Evelyn Lawrenz, Tammi L Richardson
The underwater light field in blackwater environments is strongly skewed toward the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum due to blue light absorption by colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM). Exposure of phytoplankton to full spectrum irradiance occurs only when cells are mixed up to the surface. We studied the potential effects of mixing-induced changes in spectral irradiance on photoacclimation, primary productivity and growth in cultures of the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina and the diatom Skeletonema costatum...
December 2017: Journal of Phycology
Nazanin Haghighat, Parviz Abdolmaleki, Mehrdad Behmanesh, Mohammad Satari
As an external physical factor, electromagnetic field (EMF) may influence cellular processes and nitric oxide (NO) by serving as a secondary messenger molecule in intracellular signaling cascades. Effects of these factors were evaluated simultaneously on viability, morphology, and variation of calcium ion content, and neural protein marker expression in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from rat bone marrow and cultured. Deta-NO as a donor molecule of NO was added to cell culture medium after several passages...
December 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi, Arash Khojasteh
According to the current therapies failure for bone fractures and lesions, tissue engineering showed a great potential to help solve these challenges. Because the use of growth factors is very limited in the clinic, it could be very useful that could be introducing an alternative to it. Extremely low frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF, 1 mT, 50 Hz) were used for achieving this aim. The PEMF potential in combination with electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers was used to investigate the osteogenic potential of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)...
July 25, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Pan Wang, Juan Liu, Yuefan Yang, Mingming Zhai, Xi Shao, Zedong Yan, Xuhui Zhang, Yan Wu, Lu Cao, Bingdong Sui, Erping Luo, Da Jing
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have been proven to be effective for promoting bone mass and regulating bone turnover both experimentally and clinically. However, the exact mechanisms for the regulation of PEMF on osteoclastogenesis as well as optical exposure parameters of PEMF on inhibiting osteoclastic activities and functions remain unclear, representing significant limitations for extensive scientific application of PEMF in clinics. In this study, RAW264.7 cells incubated with RANKL were exposed to 15 Hz PEMF (2 h/day) at various intensities (0...
December 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
I-Ni Chiang, Yeong-Shiau Pu, Chao-Yuan Huang, Tai-Horng Young
Far infrared radiation, a subdivision of the electromagnetic spectrum, is beneficial for long-term tissue healing, anti-inflammatory effects, growth promotion, sleep modulation, acceleration of microcirculation, and pain relief. We investigated if far infrared radiation is beneficial for renal proximal tubule cell cultivation and renal tissue engineering. We observed the effects of far infrared radiation on renal proximal tubules cells, including its effects on cell proliferation, gene and protein expression, and viability...
2017: PloS One
Mahsa Eghlidospour, Amir Ghanbari, Seyyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Hassan Azari
Due to the importance of neural stem cells (NSCs) in plasticity of the nervous system and treating neurodegenerative diseases, the main goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted from a GSM 900-MHz mobile phone with different exposure duration on proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of adult murine NSCs in vitro. We used neurosphere assay to evaluate NSCs proliferation, and immunofluorescence assay of neural cell markers to examine NSCs differentiation. We also employed alamarBlue and caspase 3 apoptosis assays to assess harmful effects of mobile phone on NSCs...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Caterina Morabito, Nathalie Steimberg, Francesca Rovetta, Jennifer Boniotti, Simone Guarnieri, Giovanna Mazzoleni, Maria A Mariggiò
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) can interact with biological systems. Although they are successfully used as therapeutic agents in physiatrics and rehabilitative practice, they might represent environmental pollutants and pose a risk to human health. Due to the lack of evidence of their mechanism of action, the effects of ELF-EMFs on differentiation processes in skeletal muscle were investigated. C2C12 myoblasts were exposed to ELF-EMFs generated by a solenoid. The effects of ELF-EMFs on cell viability and on growth and differentiation rates were studied using colorimetric and vital dye assays, cytomorphology, and molecular analysis of MyoD and myogenin expression, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"