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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813030/an-overview-of-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-lifestyle-modification-programs-for-weight-management-in-adults
#1
REVIEW
Alice W Y Leung, Ruth S M Chan, Mandy M M Sea, Jean Woo
This review aims to provide an overview of the factors associated with adherence reported in existing literature on lifestyle modification programs for weight management among the adult population. An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLE to identify studies that examined the factors of adherence to lifestyle modification programs with explicit definition of adherence indicators. We identified 19 studies published between 2004 and 2016. The most commonly used indicator of adherence was attrition, followed by attendance, self-monitoring and dietary adherence...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812959/periocular-manifestations-of-trigeminal-trophic-syndrome-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#2
Katherine A McVeigh, Morag Adams, Richard Harrad, Rebecca Ford
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is a condition whereby persistent facial ulceration presents consequent to central or peripheral insult to the trigeminal nerve. Lesions are created by repetitive self-inflicted manipulation and trauma of dysaesthetic skin within the trigeminal dermatome. We discuss four cases with aetiologies varied from presumed microvascular compromise to resection of cerebral meningioma, cerebrovascular accident, and herpes zoster ophthalmicus. We discuss the management of the under-recognised associated periocular skin ulcerations that result from physical manipulation of dysesthic skin and prove to be persistent and challenging to treat...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812371/two-physical-activity-measures-paffenbarger-physical-activity-questionnaire-versus-aerobics-center-longitudinal-study-as-predictors-of-adult-onset-type-2-diabetes-in-a-follow-up-study
#3
Serena Tonstad, Patti Herring, Jerry Lee, Jennifer Duxbury Johnson
PURPOSE: To compare 2 self-report methods of measuring weekly minutes of physical activity based on the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) questionnaire and question 6 of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) to determine the better predictor of adult-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: An observational, prospective study. SETTING: Survey data from the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) collected between 2002 and 2006 (baseline) and the Psychosocial Manifestations of Religion Sub-Study (PsyMRS), an AHS-2 subset collected 1 to 4 years later...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#4
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#5
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811270/developing-and-evaluating-jiapp-acceptability-and-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-system-to-improve-self-management-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
Ran A Cai, Dominik Beste, Hema Chaplin, Socrates Varakliotis, Linda Suffield, Francesca Josephs, Debajit Sen, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannakis Ioannou, Stephen Hailes, Despina Eleftheriou
BACKGROUND: Flare-ups in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are characterized by joint pain and swelling and often accompanied with fatigue, negative emotions, and reduced participation in activities. To minimize the impact of JIA on the physical and psychosocial development and well-being of young people (YP), it is essential to regularly monitor disease activity and side effects, as well as to support self-management such as adherence to treatment plans and engagement in general health-promoting behaviors...
August 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811094/-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-smp-t2d-questionnaire-in-spanish-for-evaluating-self-management-of-high-blood-pressure-and-type-2-diabetes-pag-dt2-hta
#7
G M Galván Flores, K Gallegos Carrillo, S Palomo Piñon, S Sánchez García, J Cuadros Moreno, M V Martínez Olivares, J J Cuevas Cancino, I Grijalva, R Sánchez Arenas
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is one of the most common chronic conditions worldwide. It affects one in every 3 adults over 40, while one in 10 suffers from diabetes. For both diseases, adherence to pharmacological treatment is over 30%, and self-management, which takes into account diet and physical activity, is still unknown, as there is no tool available to measure self-management. Therefore, the object of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the self-management profile for type 2 diabetes (SMP-T2D) questionnaire in patients with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure among users of first level care in the social security institution of Mexico...
August 12, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811011/educational-intervention-on-physical-restraint-use-in-long-term-care-facilities-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Shao-Huan Lan, Li-Chin Lu, Shou-Jen Lan, Jong-Chen Chen, Wen-Jun Wu, Shen-Peng Chang, Long-Yau Lin
"Physical restraint" formerly used as a measure of protection for psychiatric patients is now widely used. However, existing studies showed that physical restraint not only has inadequate effect of protection but also has negative effects on residents. To analyzes the impact of educational program on the physical restraint use in long-term care facilities. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression. Eight databases, including Cochrane Library, ProQuest, PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, Ovid Medline and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), were searched up to January 2017...
August 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810993/prevalence-and-trends-of-cigarette-smoking-among-military-personnel-in-taiwan-results-of-10-year-anti-smoking-health-promotion-programs-in-military
#9
Nain-Feng Chu, Fu-Huang Lin, Yi-Chang Wu
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and trends of cigarette smoking among young military conscripts, military officers, and military university students during recently 10 years in Taiwan. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted annually among young military conscripts and military university students from 2006 to 2014. All the young conscripts were reviewed within 1 month at the military training center and before retiring after 1 year of military services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810939/roadway-aggression-among-drivers-and-passengers-with-or-without-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Gabriela Ilie, Christine Wickens, Robert Mann, Anca Ialomiteanu, Edward Adlaf, Hayley Hamilton, Mark Asbridge, Jürgen Rehm, Michael Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between roadway aggression and traumatic brain injury (TBI) among drivers and passengers who reside in the province of Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Data were based on a 3-year cumulated cross-sectional sample of 6,048 adults aged 18 years and older who were surveyed by telephone. The outcome in this study was road rage in the form of verbal/gestural or physical aggression toward other road users and/or their vehicle. RESULTS: Driving status, history of TBI, age, gender, education, and the interaction between history of TBI and education significantly predicted roadway aggression...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809602/fertility-preservation-and-sexual-health-after-cancer-therapy
#11
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809057/understanding-frames-a-uk-survey-of-parents-and-professionals-regarding-the-use-of-standing-frames-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
J Goodwin, A Colver, A Basu, S Crombie, D Howel, J R Parr, E McColl, N Kolehmainen, A Roberts, J Lecouturier, J Smith, K Miller, J Cadwgan
BACKGROUND: Standing frames are used for children with cerebral palsy (CP). They may improve body structure and function (e.g., reducing risk of hip subluxation, and improving bladder and bowel function), improving activity (e.g., motor abilities) and participation (e.g., interaction with peers), but there is little evidence that they do. We aimed to identify current UK standing frame practice for children with CP and to understand stakeholder views regarding their clinical benefits and challenges to use...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808426/organisational-and-environmental-characteristics-of-residential-aged-care-units-providing-highly-person-centred-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Karin Sjögren, Marie Lindkvist, Per-Olof Sandman, Karin Zingmark, David Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have empirically investigated factors that define residential aged care units that are perceived as being highly person-centred. The purpose of this study was to explore factors characterising residential aged care units perceived as being highly person-centred, with a focus on organisational and environmental variables, as well as residents' and staff' characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Residents (n = 1460) and staff (n = 1213) data from 151 residential care units were collected, as well as data relating to characteristics of the organisation and environment, and data measuring degree of person-centred care...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807645/a-behavioral-weight-loss-program-and-non-urinary-incontinence-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-overweight-and-obese-women-with-urinary-incontinence-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-program-to-reduce-incontinence-by-diet-and-exercise-pride
#14
Benjamin N Breyer, Jennifer M Creasman, Holly E Richter, Deborah Myers, Kathryn L Burgio, Rena R Wing, Delia Smith West, John W Kusek, Leslee L Subak
AIMS: To determine whether a behavioral weight reduction intervention improves non-urinary incontinence (UI) lower urinary tract storage symptoms (LUTS) including urinary frequency, nocturia, urgency, at 6 months compared to a structured education program (control group) among overweight and obese women with UI. METHODS: The Program to Reduce Incontinence by Diet and Exercise (PRIDE) was a randomized clinical trial of 338 overweight or obese women with UI. Participants were randomized to 6-month behavioral weight loss intervention (N=226) or control (N=112)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807641/a-novel-partnership-disrupts-the-norm-in-early-childhood-education-and-pediatric-health-care
#15
EDITORIAL
M Denise Dowd, John D Lantos
Children living in poverty in the United States in 2016 face a devastating combination of psychological problems. Their neighborhoods are often violent. They have no place to get healthy food. It is not safe to play outside, even on playgrounds. The children who grow up in this environment, not surprisingly, have many adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs cause toxic stress. Toxic stress leads to long-term physical and psychological problems. For many pediatricians, children's hospitals, civic leaders, and public health officials, it is difficult to know how to intervene...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807107/etiologies-and-management-of-cutaneous-flushing-nonmalignant-causes
#16
REVIEW
Azeen Sadeghian, Hailey Rouhana, Brittany Oswald-Stumpf, Erin Boh
The flushing phenomenon may represent a physiologic or a pathologic reaction. Although flushing is usually benign, it is prudent that the physician remains aware of potentially life-threatening conditions associated with cutaneous flushing. A thorough investigation should be performed if the flushing is atypical or not clearly associated with a benign underlying process. The diagnosis often relies on a pertinent history, review of systems, physical examination, and various laboratory and imaging modalities, all of which are discussed in the 2 articles in this continuing medical education series...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#17
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806984/fatigue-in-the-general-population-associations-to-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-physical-activity-sitting-time-and-self-rated-health-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-2014
#18
Isak Engberg, Johan Segerstedt, Göran Waller, Patrik Wennberg, Mats Eliasson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is widespread in the population and a common complaint in primary care. Little is known about prevalence of fatigue in the population and its predictors. We aimed to describe the pattern of fatigue in the general population and to explore the associations with age, sex, socioeconomic status, self-reported physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health. METHODS: One thousand, five hundred and fifty-seven out of 2500 invited subjects in the Northern Sweden MONICA Study 2014, aged 25-74 years, filled out the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), consisting of four subscales: General fatigue (GF), Physical fatigue (PF), Reduced activity (RA) and Mental fatigue (MF)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806943/gender-differences-and-similarities-in-medical-students-experiences-of-mistreatment-by-various-groups-of-perpetrators
#19
Heidi Siller, Gloria Tauber, Nikola Komlenac, Margarethe Hochleitner
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of medical students during medical education is a widespread concern. Studies have shown that medical students report the most mistreatment compared to students of other study programs and that the prevalence of mistreatment peaks during clinical training. For this reason, a study was conducted to assess prevalence of mistreatment among medical students committed by various groups of people. The focus was to identify whether gender was associated with the experience of mistreatment...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#20
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
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