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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723828/social-disparities-in-early-intervention-service-use-and-provider-reported-outcomes
#1
Mary A Khetani, Zachary Richardson, Beth M McManus
OBJECTIVE: To describe social disparities in early intervention (EI) service use and provider-reported outcomes. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of administrative data to ascertain EI service use of all EI and discipline-specific services and child and family characteristics. Adjusted logistic regression models estimated the odds of receiving each type of core EI service. Adjusted median regression models estimated differences in EI intensity for each type of core EI service...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723249/experiences-of-individuals-with-visual-impairments-in-integrated-physical-education-a-retrospective-study
#2
Justin A Haegele, Xihe Zhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the experiences of adults with visual impairments during school-based integrated physical education (PE). METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used and 16 adults (ages 21-48 years; 10 women, 6 men) with visual impairments acted as participants for this study. The primary sources of data were semistructured audiotaped telephone interviews and reflective field notes, which were recorded during and immediately following each interview...
July 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721966/use-of-skin-lightening-products-among-outpatient-attendees-in-a-north-indian-hospital
#3
Celestine Wong, Samuel Wong, Howard Tang, Rashi Minocha, Rajesh Singh, Nathan Grills
In India, fair skin is a highly valued physical attribute. Skin lightener products comprise 60% of the dermatological market. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the general medical outpatient clinics of Champa Christian Hospital to elucidate the perceptions of fair skin and determinants/pattern of skin lighter use. Demographics, pattern of skin lightener use and incidence of side effects, perceptions of lighter skin tones were the main outcomes and measures studied. The use of skin lighteners was highly prevalent in our study population...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721655/the-impact-of-being-there-psychiatric-staff-attitudes-on-the-use-of-restraint
#4
Sagit Dahan, Galit Levi, Pnina Behrbalk, Israel Bronstein, Shmuel Hirschmann, Shaul Lev-Ran
The practice of mechanically restraining psychiatric patients is constantly under debate, and staff attitudes are considered a central factor influencing restraining practices. The aim of this study was to explore associations between psychiatric staff members' presence and participation in incidences of restraint and attitudes towards mechanical restraints. METHODS: Staff members (psychiatrists, nurses, paramedical staff; N = 143 working in a government psychiatric hospital in Israel) completed a questionnaire including personal information, participation in incidents of restraint and attitudes towards mechanical restraints...
July 19, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721501/examining-transgender-health-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-s-icf-contextual-factors
#5
REVIEW
Melissa Jacob, Steven R Cox
PURPOSE: For many transgender individuals, medical intervention is necessary to live as their desired gender. However, little is known about Contextual Factors (i.e., Environmental and Personal) that may act as facilitators and barriers in the health of transgender individuals. Therefore, this paper sought to examine Contextual Factors of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health that may facilitate or negatively impact the physical, psychological, and social functioning of transgender individuals...
July 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#6
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721117/experiential-learning-in-physical-therapy-education
#7
Susan N Smith, Amy F Crocker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experiential learning can provide students in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education programs the opportunity to practice skills and techniques, learned in the classroom, in a real-world setting. Experiential learning is currently being utilized in all entry-level PT programs in the form of professional practice experiences but may be integrated throughout the curriculum to enhance student engagement and knowledge application and retention. The purpose of this paper is to express the need for increased integration of experiential learning into entry-level PT education curricula...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720670/symptom-clusters-and-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-copd
#8
Kyeung Eun Lim, Sung Reul Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, So Ri Kim
BACKGROUND: COPD is one of the most common respiratory diseases. Patients with COPD experience and suffer from various physical and psychological symptoms. We performed this study to identify symptom clusters and the effects on quality of life (QOL) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 130 COPD subjects were recruited from a university hospital in South Korea. Dyspnea, fatigue, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, dry mouth, and physical functional status were assessed with structured questionnaires...
July 18, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720109/cancer-related-fatigue-implementing-guidelines-for-optimal-management
#9
Elizabeth J M Pearson, Meg E Morris, Carol E McKinstry
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a key concern for people living with cancer and can impair physical functioning and activities of daily living. Evidence-based guidelines for CRF are available, yet inconsistently implemented globally. This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers to applying a cancer fatigue guideline and to derive implementation strategies. METHODS: A mixed-method study explored the feasibility of implementing the CRF guideline developed by the Canadian Association for Psychosocial Oncology (CAPO)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#10
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719549/long-term-follow-up-of-neonatal-brachial-plexopathy-psychological-and-physical-function-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Heather M Richard, Russell Riddle, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi
PURPOSE: The prevalence of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) has been increasing since the early 1980s. No known studies have examined long-term psychological health and quality of life (QOL) in young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial and intellectual aspects of NBPP during adolescence into young adulthood. METHODS: A total of 31 patients were enrolled in the adolescent group (16 to 18 y) and 25 in the young adult group (23 to 28 y)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#12
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719249/applying-sensory-modulation-to-mental-health-inpatient-care-to-reduce-seclusion-and-restraint-a-case-control-study
#13
Charlotte Andersen, Anne Kolmos, Kjeld Andersen, Volkmar Sippel, Elsebeth Stenager
BACKGROUND: Clinical training in managing conflicts and preventing violence seldom contains sensory modulation (SM) as a method to de-escalate and prevent restraint and seclusion. Sensory-based interventions promote adaptive regulation of arousal and emotion. SM is a complementary approach that is associated with reduced rates of seclusion and restraint in mental healthcare, but there is need for more research in this area. AIMS: Using SM to reduce restraint and seclusion in inpatient mental health care...
July 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718941/child-understandings-of-the-causation-of-childhood-burn-injuries-child-activity-parental-domestic-demands-and-impoverished-settings
#14
N Titi, A van Niekerk, R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Burns are a global public health problem. In South Africa, the rate of paediatric burn deaths is 5 times higher than other upper middle-income countries, with concentrations in impoverished settings. Globally, the majority of research focuses on expert and caregiver descriptions of burn occurrence, causation, and prevention, with limited consideration of children's perspectives. This study investigated children's understanding of the causation and prevention of childhood burns...
July 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717810/association-between-adiposity-and-disability-in-the-lc65-cohort
#15
N Danon-Hersch, S Fustinoni, P Bovet, J Spagnoli, B Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal association between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with mortality and incident disability in Lc65+ cohort. DESIGN: Population-based cohort of non-institutionalized adults with up to 8.9 years of follow-up. SETTING: City of Lausanne, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: 1,293 individuals aged 65 to 70 at baseline (58% women). MEASUREMENTS: BMI, WC and covariates were measured at baseline in 2004-2005...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717533/prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-over-40-years-of-age-in-turkey-results-from-the-turkish-society-of-andrology-male-sexual-health-study-group
#16
Selahittin Çayan, Muammer Kendirci, Önder Yaman, Ramazan Aşçı, İrfan Orhan, Mustafa Faruk Usta, Oğuz Ekmekçioğlu, Ateş Kadıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Previous study conducted by the Turkish Society of Andrology in 1999 reported the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) as 69.2% in men of ≥40 years of age, using a single-item non-validated question. This rate seemed to be higher compared to the studies reported worldwide. So, there was a need to carry out another epidemiological study by using validated questionnaires. Our aim was to investigate ED prevalence, severity, and its correlates in men aged ≥40 years using validated tools...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717515/changing-needs-for-information-and-support-in-an-online-system-for-parents-of-children-with-kidney-disease
#17
Maury Pinsk, David Nicholas
BACKGROUND: Pediatric chronic kidney disease is psychologically, financially, and physically demanding on parents providing care. Parents often feel isolated because of the rarity of the condition, and geographic isolation often compounds this perception in Canada. Many parents seek assistance online for both information and social support. OBJECTIVE: This study examines an online portal, titled "Ability Online," which was designed to provide support and information to a diverse group of parents using chat facilities, bulletin boards, and e-mail...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#18
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716486/the-impact-of-a-peer-support-group-for-children-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-uganda
#19
Amy Scheel, Andrea Beaton, Emmy Okello, Chris T Longenecker, Isaac Omara Otim, Peter Lwabi, Craig Sable, Allison R Webel, Twalib Aliku
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a peer-support group on knowledge, quality of life, and social support for children with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). METHODS: Children diagnosed with RHD and receiving 4-weekly injectable penicillin were invited to participate in a monthly support group for 6 months. Pre- and post-intervention assessments included a baseline RHD knowledge assessment, a measure of health related quality of life (HRQOL) (PedsQLTM4.0), and a measure of social support (Hawthorne Friendship Scale)...
July 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716337/physical-models-and-virtual-reality-simulators-in-otolaryngology
#20
REVIEW
Luv Javia, Maya G Sardesai
The increasing role of simulation in the medical education of future otolaryngologists has followed suit with other surgical disciplines. Simulators make it possible for the resident to explore and learn in a safe and less stressful environment. The various subspecialties in otolaryngology use physical simulators and virtual-reality simulators. Although physical simulators allow the operator to make direct contact with its components, virtual-reality simulators allow the operator to interact with an environment that is computer generated...
July 14, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
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