keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108975/3d-printed-soft-tissue-physical-models-of-renal-malignancies-for-individualized-surgical-simulation-a-feasibility-study
#1
Michael M Maddox, Allison Feibus, James Liu, Julie Wang, Raju Thomas, Jonathan L Silberstein
To construct patient-specific physical three-dimensional (3D) models of renal units with materials that approximates the properties of renal tissue to allow pre-operative and robotic training surgical simulation, 3D physical kidney models were created (3DSystems, Rock Hill, SC) using computerized tomography to segment structures of interest (parenchyma, vasculature, collection system, and tumor). Images were converted to a 3D surface mesh file for fabrication using a multi-jet 3D printer. A novel construction technique was employed to approximate normal renal tissue texture, printers selectively deposited photopolymer material forming the outer shell of the kidney, and subsequently, an agarose gel solution was injected into the inner cavity recreating the spongier renal parenchyma...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108929/jaboya-sex-for-fish-a-qualitative-analysis-of-contextual-risk-factors-for-extramarital-partnerships-in-the-fishing-communities-in-western-kenya
#2
Zachary A Kwena, Chris A Shisanya, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Janet M Turan, Shari L Dworkin, Grace A Rota, Isaac J Mwanzo
Extramarital partnerships exacerbate high HIV prevalence rates in many communities in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored contextual risk factors and suggested interventions to reduce extramarital partnerships among couples in the fishing communities on Lake Victoria, Kenya. We conducted 12 focus group discussions with 9-10 participants each (N = 118) and 16 in-depth interviews (N = 16) with fishermen and their spouses. Couples who participated were consented and separated for simultaneous gender-matched discussions/interviews...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108267/fitness-and-fatness-in-relation-with-attention-capacity-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#3
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jeremy Vanhelst, Jonatan R Ruiz, Ruth Castillo-Gualda, Lars Libuda, Idoia Labayen, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Ascensión Marcos, Eszter Molnár, Andrés Catena, Luis A Moreno, Michael Sjöström, Frederic Gottrand, Kurt Widhalm, Francisco B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5±1.2years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20m shuttle run, handgrip strength, standing long jump and 4×10m shuttle run tests), fatness (body mass index, skinfold thicknesses, bioelectrical impedance, Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and attention (d2-test)...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108068/challenges-training-left-handed-surgeons
#4
Maia Anderson, Erica Carballo, David Hughes, Christopher Behrer, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Being left-handed (LH) is considered a disadvantage in surgical training. We sought to understand the perspectives of LH trainees and surgical educators on the challenges and modifications in training LH surgeons. METHODS: A survey was distributed to surgeons, surgical residents, and medical students about challenges teaching and learning surgical technique. RESULTS: 25 LH surgeons, 65 right-handed (RH) surgeons, and 39 LH trainees completed the survey...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106851/workplace-violence-against-health-care-workers-in-north-chinese-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Peihang Sun, Xue Zhang, Yihua Sun, Hongkun Ma, Mingli Jiao, Kai Xing, Zheng Kang, Ning Ning, Yapeng Fu, Qunhong Wu, Mei Yin
This research aimed to determine the prevalence of workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers, explore the frequency distribution of violence in different occupational groups, and determine which healthcare occupation suffers from WPV most frequently. Furthermore, the current study aimed to compare risk factors affecting different types of WPV in Chinese hospitals. A cross-sectional design was utilized. A total of 1899 healthcare workers from Heilongjiang, a province in Northeastern China, completed the questionnaire...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106816/nutrient-patterns-associated-with-fasting-glucose-and-glycated-haemoglobin-levels-in-a-black-south-african-population
#6
Tinashe Chikowore, Pedro T Pisa, Tertia van Zyl, Edith J M Feskens, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Karin R Conradie
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) burden is increasing globally. However, evidence regarding nutrient patterns associated with the biomarkers of T2D is limited. This study set out to determine the nutrient patterns associated with fasting glucose and glycated haemoglobin the biomarkers of T2D. Factor analysis was used to derive nutrient patterns of 2010 participants stratified by urban/rural status and gender. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to 25 nutrients, computed from the quantified food frequency questionnaires (QFFQ)...
January 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106762/contribution-of-trans-fatty-acid-intake-to-coronary-heart-disease-burden-in-australia-a-modelling-study
#7
Jason H Y Wu, Miaobing Zheng, Elise Catterall, Shauna Downs, Beth Thomas, Lennert Veerman, Jan J Barendregt
Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) intake has been consistently associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. We provided an updated assessment of TFA intake in Australian adults in 2010 and conducted modeling to estimate CHD mortality attributable to TFA intake. Data of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey was used to assess TFA intake. The CHD burden attributable to TFA was calculated by comparing the current level of TFA intake to a counterfactual setting where consumption was lowered to a theoretical minimum distribution of 0...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#8
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105719/allostatic-load-and-biological-anthropology
#9
Ashley N Edes, Douglas E Crews
Multiple stressors affect developing and adult organisms, thereby partly structuring their phenotypes. Determining how stressors influence health, well-being, and longevity in human and nonhuman primate populations are major foci within biological anthropology. Although much effort has been devoted to examining responses to multiple environmental and sociocultural stressors, no holistic metric to measure stress-related physiological dysfunction has been widely applied within biological anthropology. Researchers from disciplines outside anthropology are using allostatic load indices (ALIs) to estimate such dysregulation and examine life-long outcomes of stressor exposures, including morbidity and mortality...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#10
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104469/culturally-grounded-diabetes-prevention-program-for-obese-latino-youth-rationale-design-and-methods
#11
A N Williams, Y P Konopken, C S Keller, F G Castro, K Arcoleo, E Barraza, D L Patrick, M L Olson, G Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) disproportionately impacts Latino youth yet few diabetes prevention programs address this important source of health disparities. OBJECTIVES: To address this knowledge gap, we describe the rationale, design, and methodology underpinning a culturally-grounded T2D prevention program for obese Latino youth. The study aims to: 1) to test the efficacy of the intervention for reducing T2D risk, 2) explore potential mediators and moderators of changes in health behaviors and health outcomes and, 3) examine the incremental cost-effectiveness for reducing T2D risk...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104053/psychiatric-nurses-attitude-and-practice-toward-physical-restraint
#12
Amal Sobhy Mahmoud
AIM: This study was to assess psychiatric nurses' attitude and practice toward physical restraint among mentally ill patients. METHODS: A descriptive research design was used to achieve the study objective. The present study was carried out in three specialized governmental mental hospitals and two psychiatric wards in general hospital. A convenient purposive sample of 96 nurses who were working in the previously mentioned setting was included. The tool used for data collection was the Self-Administered Structured Questionnaire; it included three parts: The first comprised items concerned with demographic characteristics of the nurses, the second comprised 10 item measuring nurses' attitudes toward physical restraint, and the third was used to assess nurses' practices regarding use of physical restraint...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103876/the-norwegian-version-of-the-qolibri-a-study-of-metric-properties-based-on-a-12%C3%A2-month-follow-up-of-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Cecilie Roe, Cathrine Brunborg, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: Consequences after Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affect the injured person's self-image and quality of life. The purpose was to assess the health related quality of life (HRQoL) at 12 months after a TBI in patients admitted to regional trauma centres, and to evaluate the metric properties of the Norwegian version of the Quality of Life After Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) questionnaire. METHODS: Two hundred four patients with TBI of all severities were included...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#14
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103820/the-relationship-between-midwife-led-group-based-versus-conventional-antenatal-care-and-mode-of-birth-a-matched-cohort-study
#15
Lauren Kearney, Mary Kynn, Alison Craswell, Rachel Reed
BACKGROUND: Midwife facilitated, group models of antenatal care have emerged as an alternative to conventional care both within Australia and internationally. Group antenatal care can be offered in a number of different ways, however usually constitutes a series of sessions co-ordinated by a midwife combining physical assessment, antenatal education and peer support in a group setting. Midwife-led group antenatal care is viewed positively by expectant mothers, with no associated adverse outcomes identified in the published literature for women or their babies when compared with conventional care...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103765/depression-and-suicidality-in-gay-men
#16
Carrie Lee, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Olivier Ferlatte
Gay men are a subgroup vulnerable to depression and suicidality. The prevalence of depression among gay men is three times higher than the general adult population. Because depression is a known risk factor for suicide, gay men are also at high risk for suicidality. Despite the high prevalence of depression and suicidality, health researchers and health care providers have tended to focus on sexual health issues, most often human immunodeficiency virus in gay men. Related to this, gay men's health has often been defined by sexual practices, and poorly understood are the intersections of gay men's physical and mental health with social determinants of health including ethnicity, locale, education level, and socioeconomic status...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103704/quality-of-life-after-quitting-smoking-and-initiating-aerobic-exercise
#17
Erika Litvin Bloom, Haruka Minami, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Deborah Riebe, Ana M Abrantes
Quitting smoking and aerobic exercise each improve health. Although smokers may be concerned that quitting smoking will reduce their quality of life (QOL), recent research has shown that cessation is associated with QOL benefits. Elements of smoking cessation interventions, such as exercise, may contribute to changes in QOL. However, it is unknown whether initiating exercise in the context of smoking cessation is associated with greater or different effects on QOL than smoking cessation alone. The current study is a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial (n = 61) of an exercise intervention for smoking cessation...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103520/using-health-promotion-guidelines-for-persons-with-disabilities-to-develop-and-evaluate-a-physical-activity-program-for-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-study
#18
Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Mara Nery-Hurwit, Simon Driver, Megan MacDonald
The Health Education for Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (HEMS) program was developed in response to the need for interventions aimed at increasing physical activity for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). It was developed and evaluated using Drum and colleagues (2009) guidelines for implementing health promotion programs for individuals with disabilities. The purpose of this feasibility study is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of the HEMS program. Thirteen individuals with MS completed the 8-week health education program...
December 13, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103207/determination-of-factors-affecting-physical-activity-status-of-university-students-on-a-health-sciences-campus
#19
Ayfer Dayi, Ayla Acikgoz, Guven Guvendi, Levent Bayrak, Burcu Ersoy, Cagri Gur, Omer Ozmen
Upon graduation, students studying in departments related to health will work in the health sector and will guide and enlighten people with their knowledge and behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting the physical activity (PA) conditions of university students on a health sciences campus. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 706 students in a Turkish university. The data was obtained from a survey prepared by the researchers. The 26-question survey aimed to discover the students' socio-demographic characteristics and their awareness and practices concerning PA...
January 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102924/current-practices-related-to-family-presence-during-acute-deterioration-in-adult-emergency-department-patients
#20
Megan J Youngson, Judy Currey, Julie Considine
AIMS: To explore the characteristics and interactions of clinicians, patients and family members during management of the deteriorating adult patient in the Emergency Department. BACKGROUND: Previous research into family presence during resuscitation has identified many positive outcomes when families are included. However, over that last three decades the epidemiology of acute clinical deterioration has changed, with a decrease in in-hospital cardiac arrests and an increase in acute clinical deterioration...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
keyword
keyword
8789
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"