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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348574/full-body-physical-therapy-evaluation-for-pre-and-post-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-patients-and-the-need-for-a-modified-rehabilitation-musculoskeletal-specific-grading-system-for-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#1
Jaleel Mohammed, Ahmed AlGhamdi, Shahrukh K Hashmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342058/mri-evaluation-of-repaired-versus-unrepaired-interportal-capsulotomy-in-simultaneous-bilateral-hip-arthroscopy-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Colin D Strickland, Matthew J Kraeutler, Matthew J Brick, Tigran Garabekyan, Jason T K Woon, Vivek Chadayammuri, Omer Mei-Dan
BACKGROUND: Techniques used in hip arthroscopy continue to evolve, and controversy surrounds the need for capsular repair following this surgical intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the hip capsule in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) who underwent simultaneous bilateral hip arthroscopy through an interportal capsulotomy with each hip randomized to undergo capsular repair or not undergo such a repair...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341840/surgical-site-infections-after-open-reduction-internal-fixation-for-trauma-in-low-and-middle-human-development-index-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Thomas J McQuillan, Lawrence Z Cai, Ian Corcoran-Schwartz, Thomas G Weiser, Joseph D Forrester
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal trauma represents a large source of morbidity in low and middle human development index countries (LMHDICs). Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of traumatic long bone fractures definitively manages these injuries and restores function when conducted safely and effectively. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a common complication of operative fracture fixation, although the risks of infection are ill-defined in LMHDIC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study reviewed systematically all studies describing SSI after ORIF in LMDHICs...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297009/use-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-cancer-and-preexisting-autoimmune-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
Noha Abdel-Wahab, Mohsin Shah, Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
Background: Cancer immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) is associated with frequent immune-related adverse events (irAEs) and is often not recommended for patients with concomitant autoimmune disease. Purpose: To summarize the evidence on adverse events associated with CPIs in patients with cancer and preexisting autoimmune disease. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, PubMed ePubs, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through September 2017 with no language restrictions...
January 2, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287172/upper-torso-pain-and-musculoskeletal-structure-and-function-in-women-with-and-without-large-breasts-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Deirdre E McGhee, Karly A Coltman, Diane L Riddiford-Harland, Julie R Steele
BACKGROUND: Women with large breasts frequently experience upper torso pain secondary to their breast size. Evidence is lacking on the underlying causes of this pain. This study investigated whether upper torso pain and musculoskeletal structure and function differed between women with large breasts and women with small breasts. METHODS: A linear regression, adjusting for body mass, compared the upper torso pain, thoracic flexion torque due to breast mass, thoracic kyphosis, shoulder active range-of-motion, and scapular retraction muscle strength of 27 women with large breasts (bilateral breast volume>1200ml, age 45...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280888/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-plastic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-canada-and-norway
#6
Ibrahim Khansa, Lara Khansa, Tormod S Westvik, Jamil Ahmad, Frank Lista, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are more common among surgeons than among the general population. However, little is known about these types of injuries among plastic surgeons specifically. The authors' goals were to evaluate the prevalence, nature, causes, and potential solutions of these musculoskeletal injuries among plastic surgeons in three different countries: the United States, Canada, and Norway. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to plastic surgeons in the United States, Canada, and Norway, soliciting their demographics, practice description, history of musculoskeletal issues, potential causes of these symptoms, and proposed suggestions to address these injuries...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277111/the-value-of-motion-patient-reported-outcome-measures-are-correlated-with-range-of-motion-in-total-ankle-replacement
#7
Travis J Dekker, Kamran S Hamid, Andrew E Federer, John R Steele, Mark E Easley, James A Nunley, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: The proposed benefit of total ankle replacement (TAR) over ankle fusion is preserved ankle motion, thus we hypothesized that an increase in range of motion (ROM) is positively correlated with validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in individuals receiving TAR. METHODS: Patients undergoing TAR at a single academic medical center between 2007 and 2013 were evaluated in this study. In addition to a minimum of 2-year follow-up, complete preoperative and postoperative outcome measures for the Foot and Ankle Disability Index (FADI), Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) Bother and Function Indices, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were requisite for inclusion...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247970/comprehensive-biomechanical-characterization-of-feet-in-usma-cadets-comparison-across-race-gender-arch-flexibility-and-foot-types
#8
Jinsup Song, Kersti Choe, Michael Neary, Rebecca A Zifchock, Kenneth L Cameron, Michael Trepa, Marian T Hannan, Howard Hillstrom
Lower extremity musculoskeletal injuries are common, complex, and costly problems. Literature supports associations between static foot structure and dynamic foot function, as well as between overuse injury and demographic characteristics. Previous studies failed to provide a comprehensive biomechanical foot characteristics of at-risk military personnel. In this study, foot structure, function, and arch height flexibility (AHF) were objectively measured in 1090 incoming cadets (16.3% female, mean age of 18...
December 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246137/skin-marker-placement-by-technologist-prior-to-knee-mri-helps-identify-clinically-relevant-pathologies
#9
Vibhor Wadhwa, Eric Weissman, Daichi Hayashi, Yin Xi, Avneesh Chhabra
BACKGROUND: Majority of musculoskeletal cross-sectional imaging requests have a non-revealing and non-specific clinical history of pain. However, the location of pain is very relevant towards arriving at a specific orthopedic diagnosis. The purpose of this research was to study the impact of skin marker placement and training of technologists prior to knee MRI in detection of clinically important findings. METHODS: Total 200 consecutive left knee MRIs were evaluated before and after technologist training with regards to marker placement at the site of clinical symptoms or palpable finding...
December 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235193/chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-european-older-adults-cross-national-and-gender-differences
#10
M Cimas, A Ayala, B Sanz, M S Agulló-Tomás, A Escobar, M J Forjaz
BACKGROUND: In an ageing Europe, chronic pain is a major public health problem, but robust epidemiological data are scarce. This study aimed to analyse the prevalence of and factors associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain by gender in older adults of 14 European countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from wave 5 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The study included people ≥50 years residing in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229212/acid-induced-experimental-muscle-pain-and-hyperalgesia-with-single-and-repeated-infusion-in-human-forearm
#11
Kelun Wang, Yi Luo, Toshiyuki Asaki, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Brian E Cairns, Thomas Arendt-Nielsen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acid has long been thought to play an important role in the pain process. Animal study showed that repeated acid stimulation induced central sensitization. The purpose of the study is to investigate muscle pain and hyperalgesia evoked by intramuscular infusion of saline at different pH levels, and to compare the effect of a single versus repeated acid infusions. METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects received infusions of buffered saline (pH 5...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228093/correctness-of-self-reported-task-durations-a-systematic-review
#12
Jean A Pulido, Lope H Barrero, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Jack T Dennerlein
Objectives: Duration of tasks in a job is an essential interest in occupational epidemiology. Such duration is frequently measured using self-reports, which may, however, be associated with both bias and random errors. The present systematic literature review examines the correctness of self-reported durations of tasks, i.e. the extent to which they differ from more valid reference data due to either systematic or random errors, and factors influencing this correctness, with particular emphasis on the assessment of exposures of relevance to musculoskeletal disorders...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#13
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201384/rottweilers-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk-demography-mortality-and-disorders
#14
Dan G O'Neill, Wee Yin Seah, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: Rottweilers are reportedly predisposed to many disorders but accurate prevalence information relating to the general population are lacking. This study aimed to describe demography, mortality and commonly recorded diseases in Rottweilers under UK veterinary care. Clinical health records within the VetCompass Programme were explored for disorders recorded during 2013. Results: Rottweilers comprised 5321 (1.17%) of 455,557 dogs attending 304 clinics. Annual proportional birth rates dropped from 1...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198932/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-update-of-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Andrew J Vickers, Emily A Vertosick, George Lewith, Hugh MacPherson, Nadine E Foster, Karen J Sherman, Dominik Irnich, Claudia M Witt, Klaus Linde
Despite wide use in clinical practice, acupuncture remains a controversial treatment for chronic pain. Our objective was to update an individual patient data meta-analysis to determine the effect size of acupuncture for four chronic pain conditions.We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials randomized trials published up until December 31, 2015. We included randomized trials of acupuncture needling versus either sham acupuncture or no acupuncture control for non-specific musculoskeletal pain, osteoarthritis, chronic headache, or shoulder pain...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182026/extensor-carpi-ulnaris-tenodesis-versus-no-stabilization-after-wide-resection-of-distal-ulna-giant-cell-tumors
#16
Ioannis D Papanastassiou, Olga D Savvidou, George D Chloros, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Vasileios A Kontogeorgakos, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos
BACKGROUND: The necessity of stabilizing the residual ulnar stump after distal ulna tumor resection remains controversial. The authors retrospectively compared the outcome of patients who underwent wide resection of distal ulna giant cell tumors (GCTs) and reconstruction with tenodesis of the extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) or without reconstruction. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, 9 patients (6 females, 3 males; mean age, 36.8 years; range, 24-65 years) who underwent distal ulna resection for GCT of bone were retrospectively reviewed...
November 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174484/long-term-effects-of-glucocorticoids-on-function-quality-of-life-and-survival-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Craig M McDonald, Erik K Henricson, Richard T Abresch, Tina Duong, Nanette C Joyce, Fengming Hu, Paula R Clemens, Eric P Hoffman, Avital Cnaan, Heather Gordish-Dressman
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid treatment is recommended as a standard of care in Duchenne muscular dystrophy; however, few studies have assessed the long-term benefits of this treatment. We examined the long-term effects of glucocorticoids on milestone-related disease progression across the lifespan and survival in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. METHODS: For this prospective cohort study, we enrolled male patients aged 2-28 years with Duchenne muscular dystrophy at 20 centres in nine countries...
November 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164482/molecular-imaging-in-musculoskeletal-infections-with-99m-tc-ubi-29-41-spect-ct
#18
Mike Sathekge, Osvaldo Garcia-Perez, Diana Paez, Noura El-Haj, Taylor Kain-Godoy, Ismaheel Lawal, Enrique Estrada-Lobato
OBJECTIVE: To determine the added value of CT over planar and SPECT-only imaging in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal infection using (99m)Tc-UBI 29-4. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 184 patients with suspected musculoskeletal infection who underwent planar and SPECT/CT imaging with (99m)Tc-UBI 29-41 were included. Planar, SPECT-only and SPECT/CT images were reviewed by two independent analysts for presence of bone or soft tissue infection. Final diagnosis was confirmed with tissue cultures, surgery/histology or clinical follow-up...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150470/platelet-rich-plasma-in-achilles-tendon-healing-2-path-2-trial-protocol-for-a-multicentre-participant-and-assessor-blinded-parallel-group-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-injection-versus-placebo-injection-for-achilles-tendon-rupture
#19
Joseph Alsousou, David J Keene, Philippa A Hulley, Paul Harrison, Susan Wagland, Christopher Byrne, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Susan J Dutton, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries give rise to substantial long-lasting morbidity and pose considerable challenges for clinicians and patients during the lengthy healing period. Current treatment strategies struggle to curb the burden of this injury on health systems and society due to lengthy rehabilitation, work absence and reinjury risk. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous preparation that has been shown to improve the mechanobiological properties of tendons in laboratory and animal studies...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137644/functional-resonance-magnetic-imaging-fmri-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-paradigm-of-experimental-pain
#20
Juliana Molina, Edson Amaro, Liana Guerra Sanches da Rocha, Liliana Jorge, Flavia Heloisa Santos, Claudio A Len
BACKGROUND: Studies on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have shown that adults with musculoskeletal pain syndromes tolerate smaller amount of pressure (pain) as well as differences in brain activation patterns in areas related to pain.The objective of this study was to evaluate, through fMRI, the brain activation in adolescents with idiopathic musculoskeletal pain (IMP) while performing an experimental paradigm of pain. METHODS: The study included 10 consecutive adolescents with idiopathic musculoskeletal pain (average age 16...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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