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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829809/hyperspectral-reflectance-sensing-to-assess-the-growth-and-photosynthetic-properties-of-wheat-cultivars-exposed-to-different-irrigation-rates-in-an-irrigated-arid-region
#1
Salah El-Hendawy, Nasser Al-Suhaibani, Wael Hassan, Mohammad Tahir, Urs Schmidhalter
Simultaneous indirect assessment of multiple and diverse plant parameters in an exact and expeditious manner is becoming imperative in irrigated arid regions, with a view toward creating drought-tolerant genotypes or for the management of precision irrigation. This study aimed to evaluate whether spectral reflectance indices (SRIs) in three parts of the electromagnetic spectrum ((visible-infrared (VIS), near-infrared (NIR)), and shortwave-infrared (SWIR)) could be used to track changes in morphophysiological parameters of wheat cultivars exposed to 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829601/wavevector-selective-nonlinear-plasmonic-metasurfaces
#2
Kuang-Yu Yang, Ruggero Verre, Jérémy Butet, Chen Yan, Tomasz J Antosiewicz, Mikael Käll, Olivier J F Martin
Electromagnetic metasurfaces with strong nonlinear responses and angular selectivity could offer many new avenues for designing ultrathin optics components. We investigated the optical second harmonic generation from plasmonic metasurfaces composed of aligned gold nanopillars with pronounced out-of-plane tilt using a flexible nonlinear Fourier microscope. The experimental and computational results demonstrate that these samples function as wavevector-selective nonlinear metasurfaces, that is, the coherent second harmonic signal does not only depend on the polarization and wavelength of the excitation beam, but also of its direction of incidence, in spite of the subwavelength thickness of the active layer...
August 22, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828172/optical-quantum-memory-based-on-electromagnetically-induced-transparency
#3
Lijun Ma, Oliver Slattery, Xiao Tang
Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is a promising approach to implement quantum memory in quantum communication and quantum computing applications. In this paper, following a brief overview of the main approaches to quantum memory, we provide details of the physical principle and theory of quantum memory based specifically on EIT. We discuss the key technologies for implementing quantum memory based on EIT and review important milestones, from the first experimental demonstration to current applications in quantum information systems...
April 2017: Journal of Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827784/enhancement-of-spontaneous-emission-in-tamm-plasmon-structures
#4
A R Gubaydullin, C Symonds, J Bellessa, K A Ivanov, E D Kolykhalova, M E Sasin, A Lemaitre, P Senellart, G Pozina, M A Kaliteevski
It was theoretically and experimentally demonstrated that in metal/semiconductor Tamm plasmon structures the probability of spontaneous emission can be increased despite losses in metal, and theoretical analysis of experimental results suggested that the enhancement could be as high as one order of magnitude. Tamm plasmon structure with quantum dots has been fabricated and the emission pattern has been measured. Electromagnetic modes of the structure have been analyzed and modification of spontaneous emission rates has been calculated showing a good agreement with experimentally observed emission pattern...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822017/validation-of-a-non-contact-screening-device-for-the-combination-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-periodic-limb-movements-in-sleep
#5
Gerhard Weinreich, Sarah Terjung, Yi Wang, Stefanie Werther, Alberto Zaffaroni, Helmut Teschler
PURPOSE: Recent studies found that the non-contact screening device SleepMinder (ResMed Sensor Technologies, Dublin, Ireland) detects sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with high diagnostic accuracy in cohorts suspected of this disorder. However, it was reported that in patients with periodic limb movement in sleep (PLMS), this non-contact device overestimates the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). We aimed to overcome this limitation by introducing the novel sleep disorder index (SDI) which is sum of the AHI and the period limb movement index (PLMI)...
August 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821949/electromagnetically-navigated-in-situ-fenestration-of-aortic-stent-grafts-pilot-animal-study-of-a-novel-fenestrated-evar-approach
#6
Tobias Penzkofer, Hong-Sik Na, Peter Isfort, Christoph Wilkmann, Sabine Osterhues, Andreas Besting, Christoph Hänisch, Stefan Bisplinghoff, Johannes Jansing, Sylvie von Werder, Jorge Gooding, Mathias de la Fuente, Andreas H Mahnken, Catherine Disselhorst-Klug, Thomas Schmitz-Rode, Christiane Kuhl, Philipp Bruners
PURPOSE: Assess electromagnetically guided in situ fenestration of juxtarenal aortic stent grafts in an in vivo model. METHODS: Using a newly developed electromagnetic guidance system together with a modified, electromagnetically guidable catheter with steerable tip, an electromagnetically trackable guidewire and a custom in situ fenestrateable stent graft, a series of seven animal experiments was performed. In a swine model, stent grafts were placed juxtarenally, covering the renal arteries...
August 18, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821743/cherenkov-radiation-control-via-self-accelerating-wave-packets
#7
Yi Hu, Zhili Li, Benjamin Wetzel, Roberto Morandotti, Zhigang Chen, Jingjun Xu
Cherenkov radiation is a ubiquitous phenomenon in nature. It describes electromagnetic radiation from a charged particle moving in a medium with a uniform velocity larger than the phase velocity of light in the same medium. Such a picture is typically adopted in the investigation of traditional Cherenkov radiation as well as its counterparts in different branches of physics, including nonlinear optics, spintronics and plasmonics. In these cases, the radiation emitted spreads along a "cone", making it impractical for most applications...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820741/electromagnetic-and-optical-characteristics-of-nb5-doped-double-crossover-and-salmon-dna-thin-films
#8
Mitta Sekhar Babu, Sreekantha Reddy Dugasani, Soon-Gil Jung, Srivithya Vellampatti, Tuson Park, Sung Ha Park
We report the fabrication and physical characteristics of niobium ion (Nb5+)-doped double-crossover DNA (DX-DNA) and salmon DNA (SDNA) thin films. Different concentrations of Nb5+ ([Nb5+]) are coordinated into the DNA molecules, and the thin films are fabricated via substrate-assisted growth (DX-DNA) and drop-casting (SDNA) on oxygen plasma treated substrates. We conducted atomic force microscopy to estimate the optimum concentration of Nb5+ ([Nb5+]O = 0.08 mM) in Nb5+-doped DX-DNA thin films, up to which the DX-DNA lattices maintain their structures without deformation...
August 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820597/deterministic-symmetry-breaking-of-plasmonic-nanostructures-enabled-by-dna-programmable-assembly
#9
Matthew R Jones, Kevin L Kohlstedt, Matthew N O'Brien, Jinsong Wu, George C Schatz, Chad A Mirkin
The physical properties of matter rely fundamentally on the symmetry of constituent building blocks. This is particularly true for structures that interact with light via the collective motion of their conduction electrons (i.e., plasmonic materials), where the observation of exotic optical effects, such as negative refraction and electromagnetically induced transparency, require the coupling of modes that are only present in systems with nontrivial broken symmetries. Lithography has been the predominant fabrication technique for constructing plasmonic metamaterials, as it can be used to form patterns of arbitrary complexity, including those with broken symmetry...
August 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820573/magnetically-aligned-co-c-mwcnts-composite-derived-from-mwcnts-interconnected-zeolitic-imidazolate-frameworks-for-lightweight-and-highly-efficient-electromagnetic-wave-absorber
#10
Yichao Yin, Xiaofang Liu, Xiaojun Wei, Ya Li, Xiaoyu Nie, Ronghai Yu, Jianglan Shui
Developing lightweight and highly efficient electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorbing materials is crucial but challenging for anti-electromagnetic irradiation and interference. Herein, we used MWCNTs as templates for growth of Co-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), and obtained Co-C/MWCNTs composite by post pyrolysis. The MWCNTs interconnected the ZIF-derived Co-C porous particles, constructing a conductive network for electron hopping and migration. Moreover, the Co-C/MWCNTs composite was aligned in paraffin matrix under an external magnetic field, which led to the stretch of MWCNTs along the magnetic field direction...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818275/electromagnetic-fields-may-act-via-calcineurin-inhibition-to-suppress-immunity-thereby-increasing-risk-for-opportunistic-infection-conceivable-mechanisms-of-action
#11
P R Doyon, O Johansson
While a good number of studies have demonstrated that modern, man-made ambient electromagnetic fields can have both stimulatory and inhibitory effect on immune system function, the precise mechanisms have yet to be completely elucidated. It is hypothesized here that, depending on the parameters, one of the means by which long-term electromagnetic field exposure has the potential to eventually lead to immunosuppression is via downstream inhibition of the enzyme calcineurin - a protein phosphatase, which activates the T-cells of the immune system and can be blocked by pharmaceutical agents...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817573/network-representations-of-angular-regions-for-electromagnetic-scattering
#12
Vito G Daniele, Guido Lombardi, Rodolfo S Zich
Network modeling in electromagnetics is an effective technique in treating scattering problems by canonical and complex structures. Geometries constituted of angular regions (wedges) together with planar layers can now be approached with the Generalized Wiener-Hopf Technique supported by network representation in spectral domain. Even if the network representations in spectral planes are of great importance by themselves, the aim of this paper is to present a theoretical base and a general procedure for the formulation of complex scattering problems using network representation for the Generalized Wiener Hopf Technique starting basically from the wave equation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817289/how-to-drive-a-flashing-electron-ratchet-to-maximize-current
#13
Ofer Kedem, Bryan Lau, Emily A Weiss
Biological systems utilize a combination of asymmetry, noise, and chemical energy to produce motion in the highly damped environment of the cell with molecular motors, many of which are "ratchets", nonequilibrium devices for producing directed transport using nondirectional perturbations without a net bias. The underlying ratchet principle has been implemented in man-made micro- and nanodevices to transport charged particles by oscillating an electric potential with repeating asymmetric features. In this experimental study, the ratcheting of electrons in an organic semiconductor is optimized by tuning the temporal modulation of the oscillating potential, applied using nanostructured electrodes...
August 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815594/differential-effects-of-changes-in-spectral-irradiance-on-photoacclimation-primary-productivity-and-growth-in-rhodomonas-salina-cryptophyceae-and-skeletonema-costatum-bacillariophyceae-in-simulated-blackwater-environments
#14
Evelyn Lawrenz, Tammi L Richardson
The underwater light field in blackwater environments is strongly skewed towards the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum due to blue light absorption by colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM). Exposure of phytoplankton to full spectrum irradiance occurs only when cells are mixed up to the surface. We studied the potential effects of mixing-induced changes in spectral irradiance on photoacclimation, primary productivity and growth in cultures of the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina and the diatom Skeletonema costatum...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814773/high-speed-manufacturing-of-highly-regular-femtosecond-laser-induced-periodic-surface-structures-physical-origin-of-regularity
#15
Iaroslav Gnilitskyi, Thibault J-Y Derrien, Yoann Levy, Nadezhda M Bulgakova, Tomáš Mocek, Leonardo Orazi
Highly regular laser-induced periodic surface structures (HR-LIPSS) have been fabricated on surfaces of Mo, steel alloy and Ti at a record processing speed on large areas and with a record regularity in the obtained sub-wavelength structures. The physical mechanisms governing LIPSS regularity are identified and linked with the decay length (i.e. the mean free path) of the excited surface electromagnetic waves (SEWs). The dispersion of the LIPSS orientation angle well correlates with the SEWs decay length: the shorter this length, the more regular are the LIPSS...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814735/self-assembly-of-ternary-hollow-microspheres-with-strong-wideband-microwave-absorption-and-controllable-microwave-absorption-properties
#16
Qiang Zeng, Ping Chen, Qi Yu, Hai-Rong Chu, Xu-Hai Xiong, Dong-Wei Xu, Qi Wang
In this study, we report a simple and efficient two-step method consisting of water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion technique and subsequent annealing process for synthesizing the hollow reduced graphene oxide microspheres embedded with Co nanoparticles (Air@rGO€Co). The microspheres showed good electromagnetic properties because of the coexistence of magnetic loss and dielectric loss to microwaves. The minimum reflection loss (RLmin) value of S1.5 reaches -68.1 dB at 13.8 GHz with a thickness of 2.2 mm, and the absorption bandwidth (lower than -10 dB) is 7...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814036/prosthetic-design-directives-low-cost-hands-within-reach
#17
G K Jones, A Rosendo, R Stopforth
Although three million people around the world suffer from the lack of one or both upper limbs 80% of this number is located within developing countries. While prosthetic prices soar with technology 3D printing and low cost electronics present a sensible solution for those that cannot afford expensive prosthetics. The electronic and control design of a low-cost prosthetic hand, the Touch Hand II, is discussed. This paper shows that sensorless techniques can be used to reduce design complexities, costs, and provide easier access to the electronics...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813793/the-combined-action-of-a-passive-exoskeleton-and-an-emg-controlled-neuroprosthesis-for-upper-limb-stroke-rehabilitation-first-results-of-the-retrainer-project
#18
E Ambrosini, S Ferrante, J Zajc, M Bulgheroni, W Baccinelli, E d'Amico, T Schauer, C Wiesener, M Russold, M Gfoehler, M Puchinger, M Weber, S Becker, K Krakow, M Rossini, D Proserpio, G Gasperini, F Molteni, G Ferrigno, A Pedrocchi
The combined use of Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) and robotic technologies is advocated to improve rehabilitation outcomes after stroke. This work describes an arm rehabilitation system developed within the European project RETRAINER. The system consists of a passive 4-degrees-of-freedom exoskeleton equipped with springs to provide gravity compensation and electromagnetic brakes to hold target positions. FES is integrated in the system to provide additional support to the most impaired muscles. FES is triggered based on the volitional EMG signal of the same stimulated muscle; in order to encourage the active involvement of the patient the volitional EMG is also monitored throughout the task execution and based on it a happy or sad emoji is visualized at the end of each task...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813427/electromagneto-squeezing-rotational-flow-of-carbon-c-water-h2o-kerosene-oil-nanofluid-past-a-riga-plate-a-numerical-study
#19
Tasawar Hayat, Mumtaz Khan, Muhammad Ijaz Khan, Ahmed Alsaedi, Muhammad Ayub
This article predicts the electromagneto squeezing rotational flow of carbon-water nanofluid between two stretchable Riga plates. Riga plate is known as electromagnetic actuator which is the combination of permanent magnets and a span wise aligned array of alternating electrodes mounted on a plane surface. Mathematical model is developed for the flow problem with the phenomena of melting heat transfer, viscous dissipation and heat generation/absorption. Water and kerosene oil are utilized as the base fluids whereas single and multi-wall carbon nanotubes as the nanomaterials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812868/light-and-strong-hierarchical-porous-sic-foam-for-efficient-electromagnetic-interference-shielding-and-thermal-insulation-at-elevated-temperatures
#20
Caiyun Liang, Zhenfeng Wang, Lina Wu, Xiaochen Zhang, Huan Wang, Zhijiang Wang
A novel light but strong SiC foam with hierarchical porous architecture are fabricated by using dough as raw material via carbonization and followed carbothermal reduction with silicon source. A significant synergistic effect is achieved by embedding meso and nano pores in micro-sized porous skeleton, which endows the SiC foam with high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding (EMI), thermal insulation and mechanical properties. The micro-sized skeleton withstands the high stress. The meso- and nano-sized pores enhance the multiple reflection of the incident electromagnetic waves and elongate the path of heat transfer...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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