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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120854/the-protective-effects-of-bacillus-licheniformis-preparation-on-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-inflammation-induced-by-radiotherapy-in-pediatric-with-central-nervous-system-tumor
#1
Shu-Xu Du, Yong-Rui Jia, Si-Qi Ren, Xiao-Jun Gong, Hong Tang, Wu Wan-Shui, Sun Li-Ming
PURPOSE: we studied the effect of Bacillus licheniformis preparation (ZCS) on CNST (central nervous system tumor) patients undergoing the gastrointestinal symptoms and inflammation induced by radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 160 CNST patients with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) treatment were divided into experiment and control group. The experiment group patients took one capsule per time of ZCS and three times a day until the end of radiotherapy, starting one day before radiotherapy...
November 6, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028076/intestinal-probiotics-in-relieving-clinical-symptoms-of-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-potential-mechanism-analysis
#2
F Zhu, Z Jiang, H-W Li
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective cohort study, the efficacy and action mechanism of an intestinal probiotic formulation, Golden Bifid, in severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) were determined in 63 consecutively admitted patients successfully treated in the Pediatrics Emergency Department of our hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients had a persistent fever; 43 patients had rashes on hands, feet, crissum, and hips; and 45 patients had neurological signs and symptoms...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914249/visual-pedagogy-and-probiotics-for-hearing-impaired-children-a-pilot-study
#3
Amrita Sujlana, Ruchika Goyal, Parampreet Pannu, Shireen Opal, Palki Bansal
CONTEXT: Oral health care for children with special needs remains largely unmet. It is important that we should focus on preventive strategies for special children to help curtail and prevent oral diseases. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of visual pedagogy and probiotic mouth rinse on the periodontal health of hearing impaired children. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The study cohort consisted of twenty children with hearing impairment (HI) and 20 age-matched healthy children...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803012/effect-of-fermented-milk-containing-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-sd11-on-oral-microbiota-of-healthy-volunteers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
P Rungsri, N Akkarachaneeyakorn, M Wongsuwanlert, S Piwat, P Nantarakchaikul, R Teanpaisan
The aims of this study were to evaluate whether short-term consumption of fermented milk containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus SD11 affected levels of oral microbiota in vivo and whether L. rhamnosus SD11 could colonize in the human mouth. We also monitored for potential side effects of the probiotic. The applicability of using L. rhamnosus SD11 compared with Lactobacillus bulgaricus as a starter culture for fermented milk was evaluated. After informed consent, 43 healthy young adults were recruited and randomly assigned to either the probiotic or control group and received fermented milk containing L...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566862/effect-of-freeze-dried-powdered-probiotics-on-gingival-status-and-plaque-inhibition-a-randomized-double-blind-parallel-study
#5
Asif Yousuf, Mohsin Sidiq, Shravani Ganta, Anup Nagaraj, Preeti Vishnani, Iram Jan
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of freeze dried powdered probiotics on gingival status and plaque inhibition among 12-15-year-old schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted among 12-15-year-old schoolchildren in Jaipur. Commercially available freeze dried probiotics containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Bifidobacterium lactis (Prowel, Alkem Laboratories), lactic acid bacillus only (Sporolac, Sangyo), and a placebo powder calcium carbonate 250 g (Calcium Sandoz, Novartis) were assigned to two intervention groups and a placebo group each comprising 11 schoolchildren...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387884/the-probiotics-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
A M Pujia, M Costacurta, L Fortunato, G Merra, S Cascapera, M Calvani, S Gratteri
The total number of microbes that colonize the human body is far greater than the number of cells that make it up. In recent years, it has been shown that bacteria play an essential role in the body; in fact, they are essential for the maturation of the intestine, the development and control of the immune system, the development of the brain, the metabolism of macronutrients, the synthesis of vitamins, and the energy balance. Bacteria play an essential role in defense of their territory against the entry of other bacteria that may be pathogenic to health...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118640/inhibition-of-streptococcus-mutans-growth-and-biofilm-formation-by-probiotics-in-vitro
#7
Falk Schwendicke, Franziska Korte, Christof E Dörfer, Susanne Kneist, Karim Fawzy El-Sayed, Sebastian Paris
To exert anticaries effects, probiotics are described to inhibit growth and biofilm formation of cariogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans (SM). We screened 8 probiotics and assessed how SM growth or biofilm formation inhibition affects cariogenicity of probiotic-SM mixed-species biofilms in vitro. Growth inhibition was assessed by cocultivating probiotics and 2 SM strains (ATCC 20532/25175) on agar. Probiotics were either precultured before SM cultivation (exclusion), or SM precultured prior to probiotic cultivation (displacement)...
2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068788/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-lactobacillus-helveticus-and-bifidobacterium-longum-for-the-symptoms-of-depression
#8
Amy R Romijn, Julia J Rucklidge, Roeline G Kuijer, Chris Frampton
OBJECTIVES: This trial investigated whether probiotics improved mood, stress and anxiety in a sample selected for low mood. We also tested whether the presence or severity of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and other blood markers, would predict or impact treatment response. METHOD: Seventy-nine participants (10 dropouts) not currently taking psychotropic medications with at least moderate scores on self-report mood measures were randomly allocated to receive either a probiotic preparation (containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum) or a matched placebo, in a double-blind trial for 8 weeks...
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927053/future-therapies-targeted-towards-eliminating-candida-biofilms-and-associated-infections
#9
H M H N Bandara, V H Matsubara, L P Samaranayake
Candida species are common human commensals and cause either superficial or invasive opportunistic infections. The biofilm form of candida as opposed to its suspended, planktonic form, is predominantly associated with these infections. Alternative or adjunctive therapies are urgently needed to manage Candida infections as the currently available short arsenal of antifungal drugs has been compromised due to their systemic toxicity, cross-reactivity with other drugs, and above all, by the emergence of drug-resistant Candida species due to irrational drug use...
March 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437376/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-post-brushing-rinsing-in-reducing-plaque-and-gingivitis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Monika Prasad, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Chandrasheker Jankiram, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Vaibhav Vashishtha, Ravneet Malhi
INTRODUCTION: Dental plaque is the major etiological factor associated with the development of gingivitis. Hence, maintenance of oral hygiene is very essential. AIM: To systematically review the literature on the effects of a post toothbrushing rinsing on plaque and parameters of gingival inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed in PubMed Central and Cochrane library, embase, google scholar were searched up to February 2015 to identify appropriate studies...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341804/antiviral-activity-of-lactobacillus-reuteri-protectis-against-coxsackievirus-a-and-enterovirus-71-infection-in-human-skeletal-muscle-and-colon-cell-lines
#11
Lei Yin Emily Ang, Horng Khit Issac Too, Eng Lee Tan, Tak-Kwong Vincent Chow, Pei-Chi Lynette Shek, Elizabeth Tham, Sylvie Alonso
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) pandemics continues to threaten public health. Despite increasing awareness and efforts, effective vaccine and drug treatment have yet to be available. Probiotics have gained recognition in the field of healthcare worldwide, and have been extensively prescribed to babies and young children to relieve gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances and diseases, associated or not with microbial infections. Since the faecal-oral axis represents the major route of HFMD transmission, transient persistence of probiotic bacteria in the GI tract may confer some protection against HFMD and limit transmission among children...
June 24, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997541/chromium-vi-bioremediation-by-probiotics
#12
REVIEW
Soraia Younan, Gabriel Z Sakita, Talita R Albuquerque, Rogéria Keller, Hermann Bremer-Neto
Chromium is a common mineral in the earth's crust and can be released into the environment from anthropogenic sources. Intake of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) through drinking water and food causes toxic effects, leading to serious diseases, and is a commonly reported environmental problem. Microorganisms can mitigate or prevent the toxic effects caused by heavy metals in addition to having effective resistance mechanisms to prevent cell damage and bind to these metals, sequestering them from the cell surface and removing them from the body...
September 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971716/update-on-the-management-of-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-focus-on-rifaximin-and-eluxadoline
#13
REVIEW
Anastasia Rivkin, Sergey Rybalov
Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is one of the most common diagnoses made by gastroenterologists. Current pharmacologic treatments for IBS-D include fiber supplements, antidiarrheal over-the-counter medications, probiotics, antispasmodics, antidepressants, and a 5-hydroxytryptophan 3 receptor antagonist. All of these options have limited efficacy in managing IBS-D. Rifaximin, a nonabsorbable antibiotic, has been evaluated in patients with IBS-D. In two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trials evaluating rifaximin 550 mg by mouth 3 times/day for 14 days, the primary efficacy end point was achieved by 9% more patients randomized to the rifaximin group compared with placebo (40...
March 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941513/a-comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-probiotic-and-chlorhexidine-mouthrinses-on-clinical-inflammatory-parameters-of-gingivitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#14
Purnima Vidyesh Nadkerny, Potluri Leela Ravishankar, Virupapuram Pramod, Lavanya Abhay Agarwal, Saurabh Bhandari
BACKGROUND: The aim of our clinical trial was to assess and compare the antiplaque and anti-inflammatory potential of a probiotic mouthwash with 0.2% chlorhexidine and saline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized parallel group study was designed for a period of 4 weeks on 45 systemically healthy subjects between 20 and 30 years having chronic gingivitis. The study population was divided into three groups. Group A - 15 subjects were advised experimental (probiotic) mouthwash...
November 2015: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691487/anti-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-effects-of-chinese-herbal-kombucha-in-vivo
#15
Naifang Fu, Juncai Wu, Lv Lv, Jijun He, Shengjun Jiang
The foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) is sensitive to acids and can be inactivated by exposure to low pH conditions. Spraying animals at risk of infection with suspensions of acid-forming microorganisms has been identified as a potential strategy for preventing FMD. Kombucha is one of the most strongly acid-forming symbiotic probiotics and could thus be an effective agent with which to implement this strategy. Moreover, certain Chinese herbal extracts are known to have broad-spectrum antiviral effects. Chinese herbal kombucha can be prepared by fermenting Chinese herbal extracts with a kombucha culture...
October 2015: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202995/effect-of-probiotic-bacteria-on-oral-candida-in-frail-elderly
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E Kraft-Bodi, M R Jørgensen, M K Keller, C Kragelund, S Twetman
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a daily intake of probiotic lactobacilli on the prevalence and counts of oral Candida in frail elderly patients living in nursing homes. The study had a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled design with 2 parallel arms. The study group consisted of 215 older adults (range, 60 to 102 y) who were enrolled after informed consent. After baseline examination and randomization, the subjects were given 1 lozenge containing 2 strains of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM 17938 and ATCC PTA 5289) or placebo twice daily (morning and evening)...
September 2015: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26181829/latest-concepts-on-the-association-between-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-induced-small-intestinal-injury-and-intestinal-bacterial-flora
#17
Shunji Fujimori, Choitsu Sakamoto
Luminal bacteria, one of the main aggressive factors of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), induce small intestinal mucosal injury. Because most bacteria invading from the mouth are eliminated by the highly acidic gastric environment, the upper small intestine contains relatively low numbers of microorganisms. With decreased peristalsis, decreased acidity, and lower oxidation-reduction potential, the ileum maintains a more diverse microflora and a higher bacterial population. As NSAID-induced small intestinal ulcerations tend to localize in the small intestinal distal part, as viewed by capsule endoscopy, the ulcers are in contact with a large amount of luminal bacteria...
October 2013: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26161603/early-colonization-of-lactobacillus-reuteri-after-exposure-to-probiotics
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
E Çaglar, N Topcuoglu, H Ozbey, N Sandalli, G Kulekci
UNLABELLED: The aim of the present in vivo animal study is to investigate the ability of L. reuteri to colonize the oral flora during infancy. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty four rats, aged 1 month, which were pre-analyzed for mutans streptococci and L. reuteri absence in their saliva, were randomly divided into 3 groups. The control group was infected with S. mutans ATCC 25175 at the 2nd month, three times a day for 14 days. S. mutans counts were determined with microbiological saliva analyzes obtained by standard methods of oral swabbing at 3rd, 4th and 5th months...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26053410/screening-of-probiotic-candidates-in-human-oral-bacteria-for-the-prevention-of-dental-disease
#19
Tomohiko Terai, Takekazu Okumura, Susumu Imai, Masumi Nakao, Kazuaki Yamaji, Masahiko Ito, Tsuyoshi Nagata, Kimiyuki Kaneko, Kouji Miyazaki, Ayako Okada, Yoshiaki Nomura, Nobuhiro Hanada
The oral cavity in healthy subjects has a well-balanced microbiota that consists of more than 700 species. However, a disturbance of this balance, with an increase of harmful microbes and a decrease of beneficial microbes, causes oral disorders such as periodontal disease or dental caries. Nowadays, probiotics are expected to confer oral health benefits by modulating the oral microbiota. This study screened new probiotic candidates with potential oral health benefits and no harmful effects on the oral cavity...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25909604/-antagonism-of-lactobacilli-oral-streptococci-and-staphylococci
#20
Iu V Chervinets, E A Beliaeva, E B Ganina, A V Troshin, A V Chervinets
From the oral cavity of healthy young people aged 18-22 years there were isolated 26 strains of lactobacilli, 28 streptococci, including the pathogenic and opportunistic strains, and 32 strains of staphylococci, 10 of which were methicillin-resistant S.aureus. Oral lactobacilli possessed by a high probiotic potential, showing high antagonism to methicillin-resistant staphylococci, pathogenic and opportunistic streptococci and enterococci. Oral lactobacilli showed medium and high adhesive activity that determines their high adaptive capacity...
2015: Stomatologii︠a︡
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