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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625622/effect-of-exercise-on-pain-and-functional-capacity-in-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Andréa Dias Reis, Paula Tamara Vieira Teixeira Pereira, Renata Rodrigues Diniz, Jurema Gonçalves Lopes de Castro Filha, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Bianca Trovello Ramallo, Florentino Assenço Alves Filho, Francisco Navarro, João Batista Santos Garcia
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of combined training on pain, fatigue, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), body mass index (BMI), flexibility, and strength in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A controlled pilot study with 28 patients undergoing chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and clinical observation in a renowned cancer treatment center; the patients were aged from 30 to 59 years old and were not engaged in physical training for three months previously. The Study Group (SG) underwent 12 weeks of training, including three 60-min sessions of aerobic exercise and resistance training, and two sessions of flexibility training per week; each flexibility exercise lasted 20 s and was performed in sets of three repetitions...
April 6, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545471/economic-burden-of-hiv-and-tb-hiv-coinfection-in-a-middle-income-country-a-costing-analysis-alongside-a-pragmatic-clinical-trial-in-brazil
#2
Noemia Teixeira de Siqueira-Filha, Maria de Fatima Militao de Albuquerque, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Rosa Legood, Andreia Costa Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the costs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) as well as active tuberculosis (TB/HIV), latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI/HIV) or without TB (HIV/AIDS). METHODS: We analysed the costs through the entire pathway of care during the prediagnosis and treatment periods from the Brazilian public health system perspective. We applied a combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches to capture and estimate direct medical and non-medical costs...
March 15, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533835/the-economic-burden-of-tuberculosis-and-latent-tuberculosis-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-brazil-a-cost-study-from-the-patient-perspective
#3
N T de Siqueira Filha, M de Fatima Pessoa Militao de Albuquerque, R Legood, L Rodrigues, A C Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct and indirect costs of tuberculosis (TB) (active and latent TB [LTB]) and HIV co-infection from the patient perspective. STUDY DESIGN: Costing study conducted alongside a pragmatic clinical trial. METHODS: The study was conducted in Brazil in a referral service for HIV/AIDS. We applied a standardised questionnaire to collect data about out-of-pocket expenses and indirect cost...
March 10, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284716/burden-of-early-term-birth-on-adverse-infant-outcomes-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-brazil
#4
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Mariza Theme-Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the national rate of early-term live births in Brazil and to evaluate the effect of birth at 37 and 38 weeks' gestation, as compared with 39 and 40 weeks' gestation on infant outcomes according to precursors of birth and the existence of maternal/fetal medical conditions. DESIGN: National perinatal population-based cohort study. SETTING: 266 maternity services located in the five Brazilian macroregions. PARTICIPANTS: 18 652 singleton live newborns from 37 0/7 to 40 6/7 weeks of gestation...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164358/medical-and-neuropsychiatric-phenomena-depicted-in-two-spanish-medieval-texts-of-marian-miracles
#5
Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim, Pamela Bastante, Wilcar Cavalcante Gondim, Joana Gurgel Holanda Filha, Florian P Thomas
In the history of Christianity, veneration of the Virgin Mary reached its greatest intensity in the XIII century. Her perceived impact on daily life was tremendous and not surprisingly this extended to the spheres of disease and healing. The purpose of this study is to compare the medical and neuropsychiatric findings in two XIII century Spanish texts of Marian miracles, both examples of the popular Catholicism (vs. official catholic doctrine). We analyzed the medical and neuropsychiatric events in the Cantigas de Santa Maria (Canticles of St...
November 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114536/short-term-combined-exercise-training-improves-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-autonomic-modulation-in-cancer-patients-receiving-adjuvant-therapy
#6
Cristiano Mostarda, Jurema Castro-Filha, Andréa Dias Reis, Mário Sevílio, Carlos José Dias, Antonio Carlos Silva-Filho, João Batista Silva Garcia, Maria do Desterro Nascimento, Hélio José Coelho-Junior, Bruno Rodrigues
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a short-term exercise training (ET) on the cardiorespiratory fitness and autonomic modulation of women with breast cancer who were receiving adjuvant radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormonotherapy. Eighteen women previously diagnosed with breast cancer receiving adjuvant radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy were randomly allocated into breast cancer nonexercise (BC) and exercise groups (BC+Ex). Moreover, nine healthy physically inactive volunteers were recruited to compose the noncancer control group (CG)...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927441/insecticide-susceptibility-of-aedes-albopictus-and-ae-aegypti-from-brazil-and-the-swiss-italian-border-region
#7
Tobias Suter, Mônica Maria Crespo, Mariana Francelino de Oliveira, Thaynan Sama Alves de Oliveira, Maria Alice Varjal de Melo-Santos, Cláudia Maria Fontes de Oliveira, Constância Flávia Junqueira Ayres, Rosângela Maria Rodrigues Barbosa, Ana Paula Araújo, Lêda Narcisa Regis, Eleonora Flacio, Lukas Engeler, Pie Müller, Maria Helena Neves Lobo Silva-Filha
BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus are two highly invasive mosquito species, both vectors of several viruses, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika. While Ae. aegypti is the primary vector in the tropics and sub-tropics, Ae. albopictus is increasingly under the public health watch as it has been implicated in arbovirus-transmission in more temperate regions, including continental Europe. Vector control using insecticides is the pillar of most control programmes; hence development of insecticide resistance is of great concern...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780070/identification-of-cry48aa-cry49aa-toxin-ligands-in-the-midgut-of-culex-quinquefasciatus-larvae
#8
Tatiana Maria Teodoro Rezende, Tatiany Patrícia Romão, Michel Batista, Colin Berry, Michael J Adang, Maria Helena Neves Lobo Silva-Filha
A binary mosquitocidal toxin composed of a three-domain Cry-like toxin (Cry48Aa) and a binary-like toxin (Cry49Aa) was identified in Lysinibacillus sphaericus. Cry48Aa/Cry49Aa has action on Culex quinquefasciatus larvae, in particular, to those that are resistant to the Bin Binary toxin, which is the major insecticidal factor from L. sphaericus-based biolarvicides, indicating that Cry48Aa/Cry49Aa interacts with distinct target sites in the midgut and can overcome Bin toxin resistance. This study aimed to identify Cry48Aa/Cry49Aa ligands in C...
September 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678897/social-representations-of-integrative-community-therapy-by-the-elderly
#9
Samilla Gonçalves de Moura, Maria de Oliveira Ferreira Filha, Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira, Clélia Albino Simpson, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura, Antônia Oliveira Silva
Objective: To elicit the social representations of the elderly regarding integrative community therapy (ICT). Method: This is an exploratory study conducted with 273 elderly people in a municipality of northeastern Brazil, in 2014. It is based on the theory of social representations and the free-association test for the inductor term "integrative community therapy". The data were processed using EVOC software and examined with the structural approach of social representations, followed by a similarity analysis and confrontation with literature...
June 29, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089739/the-influence-of-seasonality-on-the-content-of-goyazensolide-and-on-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-hyperuricemic-effects-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-lychnophora-passerina-brazilian-arnica
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bruno César de Albuquerque Ugoline, Jacqueline de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Ferrari, Zilma Schimith Ferraz-Filha, Grazielle Brandão Coelho, Dênia Antunes Saúde-Guimarães
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lychnophora passerina (Mart ex DC) Gardn (Asteraceae), popularly known as Brazilian arnica, is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat pain, rheumatism, bruises, inflammatory diseases and insect bites. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigate the influence of the seasons on the anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperuricemic activities of ethanolic extract of L. passerina and the ratio of the goyazensolide content, main chemical constituent of the ethanolic extract, with these activities...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017798/n-glycosylation-influences-the-catalytic-activity-of-mosquito-%C3%AE-glucosidases-associated-with-susceptibility-or-refractoriness-to-lysinibacillus-sphaericus
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nathaly Alexandre do Nascimento, Lígia Maria Ferreira, Tatiany Patrícia Romão, Darleide Maria da Conceição Correia, Crhisllane Rafaele Dos Santos Vasconcelos, Antônio Mauro Rezende, Samara Graciane Costa, Fernando Ariel Genta, Osvaldo Pompílio de-Melo-Neto, Maria Helena Neves Lobo Silva-Filha
Cqm1 and Aam1 are α-glucosidases (EC 3.2.1.20) expressed in Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti larvae midgut, respectively. These orthologs share high sequence similarity but while Cqm1 acts as a receptor for the Binary (Bin) insecticidal toxin from Lysinibacillus sphaericus, Aam1 does not bind the toxin, rendering Ae. aegypti refractory to this bacterium. Aam1 is heavily glycosylated, contrasting to Cqm1, but little is known regarding how glycosylation impacts on its function. This study aimed to compare the N-glycosylation patterns and the catalytic activities of Aam1 and Cqm1...
February 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852313/regional-and-social-inequalities-in-the-performance-of-pap-test-and-screening-mammography-and-their-correlation-with-lifestyle-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#12
Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Maria do Carmo Leal, Elaine Fernandes Viellas de Oliveira, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: Mass population screening for the early detection of cervical and breast cancer has been shown to be a safe and effective strategy worldwide and has reduced the incidence and mortality rates of these diseases. The aim of this study is to analyse the reach of screening tests for cervical and breast cancer according to sociodemographic variables and to analyse their correlation with a healthy lifestyle. METHODS: We have analysed data collected from 31...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766979/good-practices-according-to-who-s-recommendation-for-normal-labor-and-birth-and-women-s-assessment-of-the-care-received-the-birth-in-brazil-national-research-study-2011-2012
#13
Marcia Leonardi Baldisserotto, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends good practices for the conduct of uncomplicated labor and birth, with the aim of improving the quality of and assessment by women of childbirth care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adoption of good practices according to WHO's recommendation for normal labor and birth and assessment by women of the care received. METHODS: Birth in Brazil is a national hospital-based study with countrywide representation consisting of 23,894 mothers and their newborns, conducted between February 2011 and October 2012...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766978/prevalence-and-risk-factors-related-to-preterm-birth-in-brazil
#14
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Mariza Theme-Filha, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elizabeth Moreira, Silvana Granado Gama
BACKGROUND: The rate of preterm birth has been increasing worldwide, including in Brazil. This constitutes a significant public health challenge because of the higher levels of morbidity and mortality and long-term health effects associated with preterm birth. This study describes and quantifies factors affecting spontaneous and provider-initiated preterm birth in Brazil. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national population-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766971/labor-and-birth-care-by-nurse-with-midwifery-skills-in-brazil
#15
Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Elaine Fernandes Viellas, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Maria Helena Bastos, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Arthur Orlando Correa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: The participation of nurses and midwives in vaginal birth care is limited in Brazil, and there are no national data regarding their involvement. The goal was to describe the participation of nurses and nurse-midwives in childbirth care in Brazil in the years 2011 and 2012, and to analyze the association between hospitals with nurses and nurse-midwives in labor and birth care and the use of good practices, and their influence in the reduction of unnecessary interventions, including cesarean sections...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766945/factors-associated-with-unintended-pregnancy-in-brazil-cross-sectional-results-from-the-birth-in-brazil-national-survey-2011-2012
#16
Mariza Miranda Theme-Filha, Marcia Leonardi Baldisserotto, Ana Claudia Santos Amaral Fraga, Susan Ayers, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy, a pregnancy that have been either unwanted or mistimed, is a serious public health issue in Brazil. It is reported for more than half of women who gave birth in the country, but the characteristics of women who conceive unintentionally are rarely documented. The aim of this study is to analyse the prevalence and the association between unintended pregnancy and a set of sociodemographic characteristics, individual-level variables and history of obstetric outcomes...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746836/workplace-activity-in-health-professionals-exposed-to-chemotherapy-drugs-an-otoneurological-perspective
#17
Natália Martinez Fernandes, Isadora Gonçalves Pelissari, Licia Assunção Cogo, Valdete Alves Valentins Dos Santos Filha
Introduction The manipulation of antineoplastic drugs presents high risk for accidents and occupational diseases. Objective To evaluate the auditory and vestibular systems of workers who are exposed to chemotherapeutic treatment in the University Hospital of Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil, and to identify the use of individual protection equipment, related to the obtained results. Methods This study is a cross-sectional study using a quantitative method. We evaluate 33 male and female workers, ranging from 21-60 years old, of the nursing and pharmacy sectors...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462895/auditory-evoked-potential-p300-in-adults-reference-values
#18
Dayane Domeneghini Didoné, Michele Vargas Garcia, Sheila Jacques Oppitz, Thalisson Francisco Finamôr da Silva, Sinéia Neujahr Dos Santos, Rúbia Soares Bruno, Valdete Alves Valentins Dos Santos Filha, Pedro Luis Cóser
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for cognitive potential P300 latency using tone burst stimuli. METHODS: This study involved 28 participants aged between 18 and 59 years. P300 recordings were performed using a two-channel device (Masbe, Contronic). Electrode placement was as follows: Fpz (ground electrode), Cz (active electrode), M1 and M2 (reference electrodes). Intensity corresponded to 80 dB HL and frequent and rare stimulus frequencies to 1,000Hz and 2,000Hz, respectively...
April 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341742/demodex-phylloides-infection-in-swine-reared-in-a-peri-urban-family-farm-located-on-the-outskirts-of-the-metropolitan-region-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#19
Josete Garcia Bersano, Márcia Cristina Mendes, Fernanda Calvo Duarte, Claudia Del Fava, Sueli Moda de Oliveira, Elizabeth Spósito Filha, Eliana Scarcelli Pinheiro, Alessandra Figueiredo de Castro Nassar, Maria Cristina de Vasconcellos Bilynskyj, Renato Akio Ogata, Paulo Henrique Selbmann Sampaio, Margareth Élide Genovez
This paper reports the occurrence of porcine demodicosis caused by the mite Demodex phylloides in hogs reared in a peri-urban family farm located in Francisco Morato, a municipality of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, capital city of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. In a parcel of forty Landrace - Large White cross hogs, approximately four months old, four animals presented severe skin lesions in the form of small nodules over their entire body, especially in the periocular region, snout, lower abdomen and flanks...
October 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196102/provider-initiated-late-preterm-births-in-brazil-differences-between-public-and-private-health-services
#20
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elizabeth Moreira, Mariza Theme-Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of the rise in prematurity worldwide is owing to late preterm births, which may be due to the expansion of obstetric interventions, especially pre-labour caesarean section. Late preterm births pose similar risks to overall prematurity, making this trend a concern. In this study, we describe factors associated with provider-initiated late preterm birth and verify differences in provider-initiated late preterm birth rates between public and private health services according to obstetric risk...
2016: PloS One
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