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Kitsada Wudhikarn, Udomsak Bunworasate, Jakrawadee Julamanee, Arnuparp Lekhakula, Suporn Chuncharunee, Pimjai Niparuck, Supachai Ekwattanakit, Archrob Khuhapinant, Lalita Norasetthada, Weerasak Nawarawong, Nisa Makruasi, Nonglak Kanitsap, Chittima Sirijerachai, Kanchana Chansung, Peerapon Wong, Tontanai Numbenjapon, Kannadit Prayongratana, Tawatchai Suwanban, Somchai Wongkhantee, Pannee Praditsuktavorn, Tanin Intragumtornchai
Secondary central nervous system (CNS) relapse is a serious and fatal complication of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Data on secondary CNS (SCNS) relapse were mostly obtained from western countries with limited data from developing countries. We analyzed the data of 2034 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients enrolled into the multi-center registry under Thai Lymphoma Study Group from setting. The incidence, September 2006 to December 2013 to represent outcome from a resource limited pattern, management, and outcome of SCNS relapse were described...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Hematology
C L Roberts, C S Algert, J B Ford, T A Nippita, J M Morris
STUDY QUESTION: After an initial midtrimester loss, is the interval to the next conception associated with the risk of a recurrent loss? SUMMARY ANSWER: Among women who had a pregnancy loss at 14-19 weeks gestation, conception at least 3 months after this initial loss was associated with a reduced risk of a recurrent loss. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A short interpregnancy interval (IPI) has been thought to increase risk but recent studies of pregnancy after a loss have found no effect; however, these studies have been based almost entirely on an initial first trimester (<14 weeks) loss...
October 14, 2016: Human Reproduction
Robert Kridel, David Telio, Diego Villa, Laurie H Sehn, Alina S Gerrie, Tamara Shenkier, Richard Klasa, Graham W Slack, King Tan, Randy D Gascoyne, Joseph M Connors, Kerry J Savage
The addition of rituximab has improved outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), however, there remains limited information on the impact of rituximab in those with testicular involvement. All patients with diffuse large cell lymphoma and testicular involvement treated with curative intent were identified in the British Columbia Cancer Agency Lymphoid Cancer Database. In total, 134 patients diagnosed between 1982 and 2015 with diffuse large cell lymphoma involving the testis were identified: 61 received CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone)-like chemotherapy and 73 received CHOP plus rituximab (R-CHOP)...
October 14, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Robert Carr, Hilal Ozdag, Nilgun Tekin, Timothy Morris, Paulette Conget, Flavia Bruna, Botond Timar, Eva Gagyi, Ranjan Basak, Omkar Naik, Chirayu Auewarakul, Narongrit Srithana, Mark Pierre Dimamay, Filipinas Natividad, June-Key Chung, Nevin Belder, Isinsu Kuzu, Nader Omidvar, Diana Paez, Rose Ann Padua
Addressing the global burden of cancer, understanding its diverse biology, and promoting appropriate prevention and treatment strategies around the world has become a priority for the United Nations and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the WHO, and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The IAEA sponsored an international prospective cohort study to better understand biology, treatment response, and outcomes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in low and middle-income countries across five UN-defined geographical regions...
October 10, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Ying-Chieh Liu, Chien-Hung Chen, Chien-Wei Lee, Yu-Sheng Lin, Hsin-Yun Chen, Jou-Yin Yeh, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu
OBJECTIVE: We designed and developed two interactive apps interfaces for dietary food measurements on mobile devices. The user-centered designs of both the IPI (interactive photo interface) and the SBI (sketching-based interface) were evaluated. Four types of outcomes were assessed to evaluate the usability of mobile devices for dietary measurements, including accuracy, absolute weight differences, and the response time to determine the efficacy of food measurements. METHODS: The IPI presented users with images of pre-determined portion sizes of a specific food and allowed users to scan and then select the most representative image matching the food that they were measuring...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
H J Zhong, P P Xu, W L Zhao
Objective: To analyze the efficacy of additional two cycles of rituximab administration for Chinese patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in first complete remission (CR) after six cycles of standard 21-day rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP21). Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed in 351 patients with DLBCL diagnosed from March 2003 to March 2012. International Prognosis Index (IPI), Revised (R)-IPI and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-IPI were calculated for each patient...
September 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Yan Ma, Meijuan Yan, Hua Huang, Li Zhang, Qian Wang, Yaqi Zhao, Jianmei Zhao
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a primary tumor arising in lymph nodes and lymphoid tissue. The incidence of NHL is increasing at an annual rate of 3%. The human Jun activation domain-binding protein 1/COP9 signalosome subunit 5 (Jab1/CSN5) is a negative regulator of the cell cycle inhibitor p27(Kip1) and abnormal expression of Jab1 is correlated with reduced p27 expression and associated with advanced tumor stage and poor prognosis in several human cancers. F-box protein S-phase kinase-interacting protein-2 (Skp2), the substrate recognition subunit of the Skp1-Cul1-F-box protein ubiquitin protein ligase complex, is required for the ubiquitination and consequent degradation of p27...
October 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jae-Cheol Jo, Misung Kim, Yunsuk Choi, Hyun-Jung Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Hawk Kim, Hee Jeong Cha
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) are new therapeutic targets in cancer immunotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in extranodal natural killer/T‑cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL). We performed PD-1 and PD-L1 immunostaining in 79 ENKTL biopsy samples and retrospectively analyzed medical records of all 79 patients from four tertiary referral hospitals. The expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 by tumor cells and/or infiltrating immune cells was evaluated...
October 3, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Fabio Macchioni, Higinio Segundo, Valentina Totino, Simona Gabrielli, Patricia Rojas, Mimmo Roselli, Grover Adolfo Paredes, Mario Masana, Alessandro Bartoloni, Gabriella Cancrini
INTRODUCTION: In 2013 a coproparasitological survey was carried out in two rural communities of the Bolivian Chaco to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) and to investigate on possible infection drivers through a questionnaire interview. METHODOLOGY: Faecal samples were examined by microscopy. Samples positive for Entamoeba histolytica complex and Blastocystis were molecularly examined to identify the species/subtypes involved. RESULTS: The overall infection rate was 86%, identical in both communities and mostly due to protozoa...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Andrew W Cairns, Raymond R Bond, Dewar D Finlay, Cathal Breen, Daniel Guldenring, Robert Gaffney, Anthony G Gallagher, Aaron J Peace, Pat Henn
INTRODUCTION: The 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) presents a plethora of information and demands extensive knowledge and a high cognitive workload to interpret. Whilst the ECG is an important clinical tool, it is frequently incorrectly interpreted. Even expert clinicians are known to impulsively provide a diagnosis based on their first impression and often miss co-abnormalities. Given it is widely reported that there is a lack of competency in ECG interpretation, it is imperative to optimise the interpretation process...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Andrea Riphaus, Till Wehrmann, Tim Kronshage, Christoph Geist, Christian P Pox, Stefan Heringlake, Wolff Schmiegel, Analena Beitz, Alexander Meining, Michaela Müller, Stefan von Delius
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The Integrated Pulmonary Index(®) (IPI) is a mathematically-determined factor based on parameters of capnography and pulse oximetry, which should enable sensitive detection of impaired respiratory function. Aim was to investigate whether an additional measurement of the IPI during sedation for interventional endoscopy, compared to standard monitoring alone, allows a reduction of sedation-related respiratory depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 170 patients with standard monitoring randomly underwent either a blinded recording of capnography (control group, n=87) or capnography, including automated IPI calculation (IPI group, n=83), during deep sedation with midazolam and propofol...
September 1, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Catherine A Evans, Tao Liu, André Lescarbeau, Somarajan J Nair, Louis Grenier, Johan A Pradeilles, Quentin Glenadel, Thomas Tibbitts, Ann M Rowley, Jonathan P DiNitto, Erin E Brophy, Erin L O'Hearn, Janid A Ali, David G Winkler, Stanley I Goldstein, Patrick O'Hearn, Christian M Martin, Jennifer G Hoyt, John R Soglia, Culver Cheung, Melissa M Pink, Jennifer L Proctor, Vito J Palombella, Martin R Tremblay, Alfredo C Castro
Optimization of isoquinolinone PI3K inhibitors led to the discovery of a potent inhibitor of PI3K-γ (26 or IPI-549) with >100-fold selectivity over other lipid and protein kinases. IPI-549 demonstrates favorable pharmacokinetic properties and robust inhibition of PI3K-γ mediated neutrophil migration in vivo and is currently in Phase 1 clinical evaluation in subjects with advanced solid tumors.
September 8, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yotaro Ochi, Yasuhiro Kazuma, Nobuhiro Hiramoto, Yuichiro Ono, Satoshi Yoshioka, Noboru Yonetani, Akiko Matsushita, Yukihiro Imai, Hisako Hashimoto, Takayuki Ishikawa
Few studies have examined the prognostic impact of blood markers [other than the five factors in the enhanced International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI)] in elderly patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We retrospectively analyzed 391 DLBCL patients receiving rituximab plus anthracycline-containing chemotherapy to examine the prognostic impact of simple blood markers. The NCCN-IPI was more accurate for discriminating prognoses than the original IPI. Multivariate analysis identified platelet count (<100,000/μl) and albumin (<3...
September 19, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Hugo J A Adams, Thomas C Kwee
This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the prognostic value of interim (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP). MEDLINE and EMBASE were systematically searched for suitable studies. Included studies were methodologically appraised, and results were summarized both descriptively and meta-analytically. Nine studies, comprising a total of 996 R-CHOP-treated DLBCL patients, were included...
October 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Isabella Ellinger
Active placental transport of maternal serum calcium (Ca(2+)) to the offspring is pivotal for proper development of the fetal skeleton as well as various organ systems. Moreover, extracellular Ca(2+) levels impact on distinct processes in mammalian reproduction. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) translates changes in extracellular Ca(2+)-concentrations into cellular reactions. This review summarizes current knowledge on the expression of CaSR and its putative functions in reproductive organs. CaSR was detected in placental cells mediating materno-fetal Ca(2+)-transport such as the murine intraplacental yolk sac (IPYS) and the human syncytiotrophoblast...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
H Haydaroglu, S Oguzkan Balcı, S Pehlıvan, K Ozdıllı, E Gundogan, V Okan, A F Nursal, M Pehlıvan
In this study, we aimed to explore the association among gene variants of five cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and clinical parameters and prognosis in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated with novel therapeutic drugs in Turkish population for the first time except TNF-α. We analyzed five cytokine genes in 113 cases with MM and 113 healthy controls. Cytokine genotyping was performed by the polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primer method (PCR-SSP)...
September 9, 2016: Immunological Investigations
Caspar da Cunha-Bang, Ilse Christiansen, Carsten Utoft Niemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Blood
Clare Harney, Annie Dude, Sadia Haider
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancies conceived after a short inter-pregnancy interval (IPI), within 18 months of delivery, and unintended pregnancies are both associated with health risks. We studied risk factors for conception after a short IPI among postpartum women who plan long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a cohort of women who delivered at University of Illinois Hospital from 2005 to 2010 and were discharged with a plan for interval LARC...
August 30, 2016: Contraception
Yun Hee Jo, Wan Gyoon Shin, Ju-Yeun Lee, Bo Ram Yang, Yun Mi Yu, Sun Hoi Jung, Hyang Sook Kim
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies reporting the impact of providing intravenous (IV) preparation information on quality use of antimicrobials, particularly regarding their reconstitution and dilution. Therefore, to improve these processes in IV antimicrobial administration, an IV preparation information system (IPIS) was implemented in a hospital. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of improving reconstitution and dilution by implementing an IPIS in the electronic medical record (EMR) system...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Lamiaa Ibrahim AbdEl Fattah, Maha Baligh Zickri, Lobna Abdel Aal, Ola Heikal, Esraa Osama
Background and Objectives: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia among older persons. Thymoquinone (TQ) has anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant and antioxidant activity. A novel α7 nicotinic acetyl choline receptor (α7 nAChR ) agonist (PNU- 282987) have been identified to enhance the cognitive performance. An alternative treatment strategy via compounds known as nicotinic "positive allosteric modulators" (PAMs) has been reported. This study was designed to investigate the combination of PAM of α7 nAChRs with PNU- 282987 or with TQ as a possible treatment for AD in rat...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
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