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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776426/detection-of-zika-virus-infection-among-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-in-the-north-of-peru
#1
Claudia Weilg, Lucinda Troyes, Zoila Villegas, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Fernando Mazulis, Ammy Febres, Mario Troyes, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: To report an outbreak of ZIKV infection among asymptomatic pregnant women during 2016 in the city of Jaen, Cajamarca. RESULTS: Zika virus RNA was detected in 3.2% (n = 36) of cases by RT-PCR. The mean age of patients positive for ZIKV infection was 29.6 years. 7 patients (19.4%) infected with ZIKV were in their first-trimester of gestation, 13 (36.1%) were in their second-trimester, and 16 (44%) were in their third-trimester. All of the infected pregnant women were asymptomatic...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775999/who-recommendations-dollars-and-sense
#2
Julian Robinson
In 2016 the World Health organization (WHO) outlined its vision for high quality care for all pregnant women and their newborns (WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2016 pregnancy-experience/en/. In this edition of BJOG it has now updated these recommendations emphasizing the importance of a positive experience during childbirth. Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) is central to this revision. This article is protected by copyright...
May 18, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774363/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-why-are-we-still-operating-on-them-a-plea-for-institutional-newborn-clinical-screening
#3
Wu Chean Lee, Sumanth Kumar Gera, Arjandas Mahadev
INTRODUCTION: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common orthopaedic condition at birth. Non-surgical management with Pavlik harness can effectively treat DDH with early clinical diagnosis at newborn, but open surgeries continue to be performed. We aimed to elucidate the reasons for this. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all open surgeries related to DDH from 2006 to 2016. Patients were either born at our institution (Group 1) or outside of it (Group 2)...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771574/is-adding-maternal-vaccination-to-prevent-whooping-cough-cost-effective-in-australia
#4
Laure-Anne Van Bellinghen, Alex Dimitroff, Michael Haberl, Xiao Li, Andrew Manton, Karen Moeremans, Nadia Demarteau
Pertussis or whooping cough, a highly infectious respiratory infection, causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants. In adolescents and adults, pertussis presents with atypical symptoms often resulting in under-diagnosis and under-reporting, increasing the risk of transmission to more vulnerable groups. Maternal vaccination against pertussis protects mothers and newborns. This evaluation assessed the cost-effectiveness of adding maternal dTpa (reduced antigen diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular pertussis) vaccination to the 2016 nationally-funded pertussis program (DTPa [Diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular Pertussis] at 2, 4, 6, 18 months, 4 years and dTpa at 12-13 years) in Australia...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764569/-combined-effect-of-gestational-age-and-birth-weight-on-metabolites-related-to-inherited-metabolic-diseases-in-neonates
#5
Fang Yi, Ling Wang, Mei Wang, Xue-Lian Yuan, Hua-Jing Wan, Jia-Yuan Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the combined effect of gestational age and birth weight on metabolites related to inherited metabolic diseases (IMD). METHODS: A total of 3 381 samples ruled out of IMD by follow-up were randomly selected from 38 931 newborns who participated in the neonatal IMD screening during 2014-2016. The 3 381 neonates were categorized into seven groups according to their gestational age and birth weight: extremely preterm appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) group (n=12), preterm small-for-gestational age (SGA) group (n=18), preterm AGA group (n=219), preterm large-for-gestational age (LGA) group (n=18), full-term SGA group (n=206), full-term AGA group (n=2 677), and full-term LGA group (n=231)...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#6
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758563/pilot-study-of-population-based-newborn-screening-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy-in-new-york-state
#7
Jennifer N Kraszewski, Denise M Kay, Colleen F Stevens, Carrie Koval, Bianca Haser, Veronica Ortiz, Anthony Albertorio, Lilian L Cohen, Ritu Jain, Sarah P Andrew, Sally Dunaway Young, Nicole M LaMarca, Darryl C De Vivo, Michele Caggana, Wendy K Chung
PurposeTo determine feasibility and utility of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in New York State.MethodsWe validated a multiplex TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay using dried blood spots for SMA. From January 2016 to January 2017, we offered, consented, and screened 3,826 newborns at three hospitals in New York City and tested newborns for the deletion in exon 7 of SMN1.ResultsNinety-three percent of parents opted in for SMA screening. Overall the SMA carrier frequency was 1...
October 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757685/the-effect-of-standardizing-treatment-when-managing-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#8
Tara Burnette, Lindsey Chernicky, Craig V Towers
OBJECTIVE: Standardizing treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is currently recommended; however, single institution prospective studies are lacking regarding the success of this approach. The study objective was to evaluate overall newborn response and length of stay (LOS) of neonates treated for NAS following the institution of a strict standardized treatment protocol. METHODS: From 1 January 2014 to 30 June 2016, a prospective cohort study was performed collecting neonatal outcomes before and after the standardization of a strict NAS morphine weaning treatment protocol...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754878/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-risk-stratification-in-newborns-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-cdh
#9
Tim Jancelewicz, Mary E Brindle, Matthew T Harting, Elizabeth A Tolley, Max R Langham, Pamela A Lally, Ankush Gosain, Stephanie A Storgion, David W Kays
BACKGROUND: A means for early postnatal stratification of ECMO risk in CDH newborns could be used to comparatively assess the utilization and outcomes of ECMO use between centers. While multiple CDH mortality risk calculators are available, no validated tool exists specifically for prediction of ECMO use. The purpose of this study was to derive and validate an ECMO risk stratification model. METHODS: The study population was obtained from CDH Study Group registry for the period between 2007 and 2016...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754840/-respiratory-physiotherapy-in-acute-viral-bronchiolitis-in-the-newborn-pro-con-arguments
#10
REVIEW
G Postiaux, P Maffei, J-C Villiot-Danger, J-C Dubus
This article reports an exchange of unbiased arguments between Mr Guy Postiaux speaking in favour of respiratory physiotherapy in acute viral bronchiolitis in the newborn and Prof. Jean-Christoph Dubus arguing against. A review of the literature suggests that traditional methods of physiotherapy should be abandoned because they are not validated and because they have harmful side effects. The latest Cochrane revue (2016) suggests the use of slow expiration techniques that have some validated elements and cause no harmful side effects...
May 10, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751785/low-birth-weight-among-term-newborns-in-wolaita-sodo-town-south-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie, Bereket Yohannes
BACKGROUND: In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in Ethiopia, maternal factors pose the main risk. This study was aimed to estimate the proportion of low birth weight among term singletons without congenital malformations and factors associated with it in Wolaita Sodo town in South Ethiopia. METHODS: We did a facility based survey involving 432 postpartum women with their term newborns...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748705/hearing-loss-in-phace-syndrome-clinical-and-radiologic-findings
#12
Mark D Mamlouk, Bree Zimmerman, Erin F Mathes, Kristina W Rosbe
PURPOSE: To characterize the types of hearing loss, auditory-related imaging findings, and hemangioma characteristics in patients with Posterior fossa malformations, Hemangiomas, Arterial anomalies, Cardiac defects, and abnormalities of the Eye (PHACE) syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective medical records, audiologic data, and imaging review of all patients presenting to a tertiary care children's hospital with a proven diagnosis of PHACE syndrome from 2005 to 2016. RESULTS: Twelve patients were identified with hearing and imaging data...
May 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747267/-application-of-uterine-lower-part-breakwater-like-suture-operation-in-placenta-previa
#13
Y Zhao, J W Zhu, D Wu, Q H Wang, S S Lu, X X Liu, L Zou
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of uterine lower posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique in controlling the intraoperative bleeding of placenta previa. Methods: From June 2016 to June 2017, 47 patients were diagnosed placenta previa in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique was used preferentially, as for cases with poor myometrium layer, lower anterior wall stitch suture was used at the same time...
April 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746751/-vaccination-coverage-and-proportion-of-incomplete-vaccination-schedule-in-children-under-seven-years-of-age-in-mexico
#14
José Luis Díaz-Ortega, Luis Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Elizabeth Ferreira-Guerrero, Leticia D Ferreyra-Reyes, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, María de Lourdes García-García
OBJECTIVE: To assess vaccination coverage in children under seven years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study based on the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut MC 2016). RESULTS: Full vaccination coverage in children <1 year was 51.7%, (range: 67.6% [pentavalent (PV)] to 93.9% [BCG]), in those aged 12-23 months was 53.9% (range: 68.5% [MMR] to 98.3% [BCG]) and in those 24-35 months was 63.2% (range: 85.3% [pneumococcal]) to 98...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744129/contributing-factors-of-pregnant-women-s-beliefs-towards-mode-of-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study-from-iran
#15
Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh, Marzieh Araban, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Khadije Makhouli
Background: Delivery is a critical event in every woman's life. Under some medical conditions, women sometimes undergo a cesarean section to save the life of themselves and their infant. Understanding the factors associated with choosing the type of delivery leads to more effective health interventions and the promotion of maternal and newborn health. The aim of this study is to determine contributing factors in pregnant women's beliefs toward the mode of delivery in a sample of women referring to Hojatieh Hospital in Isfahan, Iran...
2018: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#16
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729459/extended-experience-with-neuroendoscopic-lavage-for-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-in-neonates
#17
Charlotte d'Arcangues, Matthias Schulz, Christoph Bührer, Ulrich Thome, Matthias Krause, Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have described neuroendoscopic lavage (NEL) as a procedure for the treatment of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in newborn infants. This report describes complications and results in an extended case series from two separate hospitals. METHODS: Patient records were screened for NEL procedures performed upon infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus between September 2010 and May 2016 (minimum follow-up time 12 months). Efficacy of blood removal, as assessed by cerebral ultrasound, complications, eventual shunt placement rate, and subsequent shunt revisions were recorded...
May 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721741/off-label-and-unlicensed-drug-use-in-hospitalized-newborns-in-a-saudi-tertiary-care-hospital-a-cohort-study
#18
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Nafis Haider, Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Jabeen Sultana
Objective To determine the extent of off-label and unlicensed prescribing in hospitalized newborns and to identify patient-related risk factors associated with off-label prescribing. Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted between January and March 2016 at a neonatology department of a tertiary-care hospital in the Eastern province. All consecutive admissions to all neonatal care levels meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were eligible for enrollment. All prescriptions were classified as off-label or unlicensed according to drug product monograph...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718903/patients-costs-socio-economic-and-health-system-aspects-associated-with-malaria-in-pregnancy-in-an-endemic-area-of-colombia
#19
Elisa Sicuri, Azucena Bardají, Sergi Sanz, Sergi Alonso, Silke Fernandes, Kara Hanson, Myriam Arevalo-Herrera, Clara Menendez
Malaria in pregnancy threatens birth outcomes and the health of women and their newborns. This is also the case in low transmission areas, such as Colombia, where Plasmodium vivax is the dominant parasite species. Within the Colombian health system, which underwent major reforms in the '90s, malaria treatment is provided free of charge to patients. However, patients still incur costs, such as transportation and value of time lost due to the disease. We estimated such costs among 40 pregnant women with clinical malaria (30% Plasmodium falciparum, 70% Plasmodium vivax) in the municipality of Tierralta, Northern Colombia...
May 2, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717296/profile-of-caesarean-section-in-mid-western-regional-hospital-in-nepal
#20
Keshar Bahadur Dhakal, Sulochana Dhakal, Saroj Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Rising rate of caesarean section since few decades has been a global public health issue.This study is aimed to determine the rate of caesarean section plus examine the indications and complications of caesarean section. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data sources at Mid-Western Regional Hospital in Surkhet, Nepal. Data were collected from patients'records ofthe hospital dating from 16 July 2016 to 15 July 2017...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
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