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newborn 2016

E Gandjbakhch, E Varlet, G Duthoit, V Fressart, P Charron, C Himbert, C Maupain, C Bordet, F Hidden-Lucet, J Nizard
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of pregnancy in patients with Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is poorly documented. The aim of this study is to assess the cardiac risks during pregnancy and the impact of ARVC/D on fetuses/neonates/children. METHODS: We included all ARVC/D women with a history of pregnancy from the ARVC/D Pitié-Salpêtrière registry. Cardiac and obstetrical events having occurred during pregnancy/delivery/post-partum periods and neonatal data/follow-up were collected...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Scott S Short, Brian T Bucher, Douglas C Barnhart, Nadia Van Der Watt, Sarah Zobell, Ashley Allen, Michael D Rollins
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the short-term outcomes following single-stage repair of rectoperineal and rectovestibular fistulae in infants and identify risk factors for wound complication. METHODS: Patients with a rectoperineal or rectovestibular fistula treated with a single-stage repair beyond the neonatal period (>30days of age) at a pediatric colorectal center (2011-2016) were reviewed. RESULTS: 36 patients with a rectoperineal and 7 patients with a rectovestibular fistula were repaired using the Posterior Sagittal Anorectoplasty (PSARP) approach...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Alireza Sadeghnia, Behzad Koorang Beheshti, Majid Mohammadizadeh
Background: Considering all the latest achievements in neonatal respiratory care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is still among the most prevalent morbidity causes in premature infants. Involvement in this process results in longer period of hospitalization for the newborn and in the long run makes the living conditions more difficult. Taking the multifactorial pathogenesis into account, approaches to tackle chronic lung disease (CLD) are mainly focused on interventions and prevention procedures...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu, Zelalem Dendir
BACKGROUND: Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal deaths by allowing women to delay motherhood, space births, avoid unintended pregnancies and abortions, and stop childbearing when they reach their desired family size. Despite the fact that family planning is advantageous for maternal and newborn health and the services and commodities are free of charge, the reason of not using modern family planning methods is unclear in Bale Eco-Region...
March 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Gabriel Altit, Shazia Bhombal, Krisa Van Meurs, Theresa A Tacy
INTRODUCTION: Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have varying degrees of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH), and there is limited evidence that cardiac dysfunction is present. We sought to study early neonatal biventricular function and performance in these patients by reviewing early post-natal echocardiography (ECHO) measurements and comparing them to normal term newborns. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study reviewing clinical and ECHO data on term newborns with CDH and normal controls born between 2009 and 2016...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Justine Dol, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Megan Aston, Douglas McMillan, Brianna Richardson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to evaluate the impact of the Helping Babies Survive program on neonatal outcomes and healthcare provider knowledge and skills. INTRODUCTION: The Helping Babies Survive program consists of three modules: Helping Babies Breathe, Essential Care for Every Baby, and Essential Care for Small Babies. It was developed to reduce preventable newborn deaths through skill-based learning using simulation, learning exercises, and peer-to-peer training of healthcare providers in low-resource areas...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Victoria Hall, William L Walker, Nicole P Lindsey, Jennifer A Lehman, Jonathan Kolsin, Kimberly Landry, Ingrid B Rabe, Susan L Hills, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples, Carolyn V Gould, Stacey W Martin
Zika virus is a flavivirus primarily transmitted to humans by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (1). Zika virus infections also have been documented through intrauterine transmission resulting in congenital infection; intrapartum transmission from a viremic mother to her newborn; sexual transmission; blood transfusion; and laboratory exposure (1-3). Most Zika virus infections are asymptomatic or result in mild clinical illness, characterized by acute onset of fever, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, or nonpurulent conjunctivitis; Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis, and severe thrombocytopenia rarely have been associated with Zika virus infection (1)...
March 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Tobias Strunk, Ashok Buchiboyina, Mary Sharp, Elizabeth Nathan, Dorota Doherty, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is a potentially fatal condition that affects about 0.3-0.8/1,000 infants born at ≥35 weeks' gestation in developed countries. Current EOS management algorithms result in 8-15% of infants receiving antibiotics for suspected sepsis. The Neonatal Sepsis Calculator provides evidence-based estimates of individual sepsis risk, but data on its clinical application is limited. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effect on the newborn infants that were investigated and that received antibiotic treatment for suspected EOS following the introduction of the Neonatal Sepsis Calculator...
March 7, 2018: Neonatology
Monika Zych, Grażyna Greczka, Piotr Dąbrowski, Maciej Wróbel, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Witold Szyfter
The Polish Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program (PUNHSP) has been carried out in Poland for 14 years. The main aim of this Program is to organize hearing screening tests and to gather the information about risk factors of hearing loss in almost all newborns in Poland. It consists of 496 centers at 3 referral levels. A total of 5 458 114 children had been registered in the Central Database (CDB) of PUNHSP by the 22nd of August 2017. Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was the most frequently appearing hearing impairment in children...
February 28, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Hideaki Moteki, Yuichi Isaka, Yuji Inaba, Mitsuo Motobayashi, Shin-Ya Nishio, Satoshi Ohira, Takuya Yano, Satoshi Iwasaki, Tanri Shiozawa, Kenichi Koike, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the most common congenital infection, with the majority of infected newborns having no detectable signs. The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of our newly developed DBS-based assay as an appropriate mass screening method for cCMV infection. METHODS: Between May 2011 and October 2016, newborns delivered at six hospitals in Nagano Prefecture, Japan were enrolled prospectively. We employed dried blood spot (DBS)-based assays with real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
March 7, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Mulamba Diese, Albert Kalonji, Bibiche Izale, Susie Villeneuve, Ngoma Miezi Kintaudi, Guy Clarysse, Ngashi Ngongo, Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue
BACKGROUND: In early 2016, we implemented a community-based maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) surveillance using mobile phones to collect, analyze, and use data by village health volunteers (VHV) in Kenge Health Zone (KHZ), in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The objective of this study was to determine the perceptions of households, attitudes of community health volunteers, and opinions of nurses in Health center and administrative authorities towards the use of mobile phones for MNCH surveillance in the rural KHZ in the DRC...
March 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
Brenna S Fullerton, Cristine S Velazco, Charles R Hong, Alexandra N Carey, Tom Jaksic
PURPOSE: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) screening by T-cell receptor excision circles (TREC) has been part of Massachusetts routine newborn screening since 2009. Tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A gene (TTC7A) mutations responsible for hereditary multiple intestinal atresia with combined immunodeficiency (MIA-CID) were also recently identified. We reviewed newborn SCID screening among infants with intestinal failure and correlated results with patient characteristics and outcomes...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Anke Rissmann, Andrea Koehn, Marja Loderstedt, Cornelia Schwemmle, Gerrit Goetze, Sylva Bartel, Stefan K Plontke, Joerg Langer, Klaus Begall, Peter Matulat, Friedrich-Wilhelm Roehl, Ulrich Vorwerk
OBJECTIVES: Airway management during adenoidectomy is traditionally performed through endotracheal intubation (ETT). Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) may be less stimulating to the airway and allow for shorter overall operating room time. Previous studies report LMA use during adenotonsillectomy with conversion rates to ETT of up to 17%. There has been no prior evaluation of LMA use during adenoidectomy alone. In this study, we attempt to identify the rate and contributing factors of LMA failure during adenoidectomy...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Huong T T Nguyen, Cuc H Tran, Anh D Dang, Huong G T Tran, Thiem D Vu, Thach N Pham, Hoang V Nguyen, Anh N K Nguyen, Emily G Pieracci, Duong N Tran
Human rabies deaths are preventable through prompt administration of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine after exposure to a rabid animal (1); there are no known contraindications to receiving PEP (1,2). Despite widespread availability of PEP in Vietnam, in 2015 the Ministry of Health (MoH) received reports of pregnant and breastfeeding women with clinically diagnosed rabies. MoH investigated factors associated with these rabies cases. MoH found that, during 2015-2016, among 169 cases reported in Vietnam, two probable cases of rabies were reported in breastfeeding mothers and four in pregnant women, all of whom had been bitten by dogs...
March 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Eric S Hall, Scott L Wexelblatt, James M Greenberg
The objective was to use population-based electronic health records for surveillance of intrauterine exposures to substances of abuse, including opioids, and to monitor changes in exposure rates over time. This retrospective, descriptive analysis utilized geocoded neonatal physician billing records representing intrauterine exposures to substances of abuse detected through universal maternal drug testing. Census tract-level exposure rates were identified among the newborn population of Hamilton County, Ohio between 2014 and 2016...
February 27, 2018: Population Health Management
Sébastien Boyer, Elodie Calvez, Thais Chouin-Carneiro, Diawo Diallo, Failloux Anna-Bella
The mosquito-borne arbovirus Zika virus (ZIKV, Flavivirus, Flaviviridae), has caused an outbreak impressive by its magnitude and rapid spread. First detected in Uganda in Africa in 1947, from where it spread to Asia in the 1960s, it emerged in 2007 on the Yap Island in Micronesia and hit most islands in the Pacific region in 2013. Subsequently, ZIKV was detected in the Caribbean, and Central and South America in 2015, and reached North America in 2016. Although ZIKV infections are in general asymptomatic or causing mild self-limiting illness, severe symptoms have been described including neurological disorders and microcephaly in newborns...
February 23, 2018: Microbes and Infection
Jamie R Robinson, Patricia C Conroy, Daphne Hardison, Rizwan Hamid, Peter H Grubb, John B Pietsch, Harold N Lovvorn
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the impact of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a platform to drive hemodialysis (HD) for ammonia clearance on outcomes of neonates with severe hyperammonemia. STUDY DESIGN: All neonates treated for hyperammonemia at a single children's hospital between 1992 and 2016 were identified. Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between those receiving medical management or ECMO/HD. RESULT: Twenty-five neonates were treated for hyperammonemia, of which 13 (52%) received ECMO/HD...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jorge Román Corona-Rivera, Lucina Bobadilla-Morales, Alfredo Corona-Rivera, Christian Peña-Padilla, Sandra Olvera-Molina, Miriam A Orozco-Martín, Diana García-Cruz, Izabel M Ríos-Flores, Brian Gabriel Gómez-Rodríguez, Gemma Rivas-Soto, J Jesús Pérez-Molina
We determined the overall prevalence of typical orofacial clefts (OFCs) and the potential risks for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without palate (NSCL±P) in a University Hospital from west México. For the prevalence, 227 live born infants with typical OFCs were included from a total of 81,193 births occurred during the period 2009 to 2016 at the 'Dr. Juan I. Menchaca' Civil Hospital of Guadalajara (Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico). To evaluate potential risks, a case-control study was conducted among 420 newborns, including only those 105 patients with NSCL±P (cases), and 315 infants without birth defects (controls)...
February 19, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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