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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333816/national-health-care-network-for-children-with-oral-clefts-organization-functioning-and-preliminary-outcomes
#1
Agustina Cassinelli, Nadia Pauselli, Agustina Piola, Claudia Martinelli, José L Alves de Azeved, María P Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Pablo Barbero, Rosa Liascovich, Ana Sala
INTRODUCTION: Oral clefts are major congenital anomalies that may affect the lip and/or palate, and that may also involve the nose and nostrils. In Argentina, their prevalence is approximately 15 per 10 000 births. In 2015, the Ministry of Health of Argentina created a national health care network for children with oral clefts in Argentina through the joint work with the National Registry of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas, RENAC) (coordinating center for the national network) and the SUMAR Program...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333811/neonatal-mortality-and-associated-factors-in-newborn-infants-admitted-to-a-neonatal-care-unit
#2
Juan C Lona Reyes, René O Pérez Ramírez, Leonardo Llamas Ramos, Larissa M Gómez Ruiz, Edith A Benítez Vázquez, Virginia Rodríguez Patino
INTRODUCTION: The increasing survival rate of preterm infants has altered the epidemiology of neonatal diseases; however, neonatal mortality is still the main component of child mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a neonatal care unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted between January 2016 and January 2017 at Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330674/advances-in-serological-imaging-techniques-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#3
REVIEW
Ali Rostami, Panagiotis Karanis, Shirzad Fallahi
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is worldwide distributed zoonotic infection disease with medical importance in immunocompromised patients, pregnant women and congenitally infected newborns. Having basic information on the traditional and new developed methods is essential for general physicians and infectious disease specialists for choosing a suitable diagnostic approach for rapid and accurate diagnosis of the disease and, consequently, timely and effective treatment. METHODS: We conducted English literature searches in PubMed from 1989 to 2016 using relevant keywords and summarized the recent advances in diagnosis of toxoplasmosis...
January 12, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325263/-analysis-of-2-204-stillbirths-in-11-hospitals-of-guangdong-province
#4
L Yu, M Tang, X H Fan, H M Du, H Tang, P Chen, S L Xing, C H Su, D J Chen
Objective: To analyze the incidence and causes of stillbirth in 11 hospitals of Guangdong province, and to explore the appropriate interventions. Methods: Clinical data of stillbirth in 11 hospitals of Guangdong province were collected from January 2014 to December 2016. The gestational weeks, causes, maternal conditions and other factors were analyzed. Results: (1) From 2014 to 2016, 103 472 newborns were delivered in the 11 hospitals, and the number of stillbirth was 2 204, with the incidence of 2.13%. Among them, 0...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321127/effectiveness-of-a-technology-based-supportive-educational-parenting-program-on-parental-outcomes-in-singapore-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shefaly Shorey, Yvonne Peng Mei Ng, An Ling Siew, Joanne Yoong, Evalotte Mörelius
BACKGROUND: Supportive educational programs during the perinatal period are scarce in Singapore. There is no continuity of care available in terms of support from community care nurses in Singapore. Parents are left on their own most of the time, which results in a stressful transition to parenthood. There is a need for easily accessible technology-based educational programs that can support parents during this crucial perinatal period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial on a technology-based supportive educational parenting program...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320516/impact-of-mode-of-delivery-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-premature-rupture-of-membranes-after-28-weeks-of-gestation-in-a-low-resource-setting-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Herbert Kayiga, Felicia Lester, Pauline Mary Amuge, Josaphat Byamugisha, Amy Meg Autry
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) in low-resource settings, the preferred mode of delivery remains unclear. We compared the perinatal mortality in a prospective cohort of women with PROM after 28 weeks following vaginal or caesarean delivery at Mulago Hospital with the aim of adopting evidence based practice and improving patient care. METHODS: Between November 2015 and May 2016, 1455 women with PROM after 28 weeks of gestation and their newborns were prospectively followed from admission to discharge at Mulago Hospital...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#7
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317380/effectiveness-and-appropriateness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-maternal-and-child-health-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Huan Chen, Yanling Chai, Le Dong, Wenyi Niu, Puhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The application of mobile health (mHealth) technology in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) is increasing worldwide. However, best practice and the most effective mHealth interventions have not been reviewed systematically. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of mHealth interventions for RMNCH around the world were conducted to investigate their characteristics as well as the features and effectiveness of mHealth interventions...
January 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310560/staged-palliation-of-cyanotic-obstructive-lesions-with-a-modified-right-ventricular-outflow-procedure
#9
Sarosh P Batlivala, Mary K Hood, Jannika Dodge-Khatami, Divya Shakti, Mary B Taylor, Makram R Ebeid, Jorge D Salazar, Ali Dodge-Khatami
BACKGROUND: Traditional palliation for biventricular cyanotic congenital heart lesions often involves staging with systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunts to secure pulmonary blood flow (PBF) in the newborn period prior to complete repair. However, shunts may lead to life-threatening events secondary to shunt occlusion or acute coronary steal. They may be associated with morbidity secondary to diastolic runoff, systemic steal and volume loading, and do not provide pulsatile flow which has the potential to promote pulmonary artery (PA) growth...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305940/complications-and-outcomes-of-pregnancy-and-cesarean-delivery-in-women-with-neuropathic-bladder-and-lower-urinary-tract-reconstruction
#10
Joshua D Roth, Jessica T Casey, Benjamin M Whittam, Konrad M Szymanski, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Frank P Schubert, Mark P Cain, Rosalia Misseri
Objective To determine the outcomes of pregnancy and cesarean delivery (CD) delivery in women with neuropathic bladder (NB) and pediatric lower urinary tract reconstruction (LUTR) as these women often have normal fertility and may become pregnant. Methods We reviewed consecutive patients from July 2001 to June 2016 with NB due to spinal dysphraphism who underwent LUTR, became pregnant, and had a CD at our institution. We collected data on demographics, hydronephrosis, symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI), continence and catheterization during pregnancy...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303959/influenza-vaccination-rates-among-parents-and-health-care-personnel-in-a-german-neonatology-department
#11
Horst Buxmann, Anne Daun, Sabine Wicker, Rolf Lambert Schlößer
The influenza vaccination is recommended for all German pregnant women and health care personnel (HCP). We are the first to publish vaccination rates of mothers of hospitalized newborns and HCP in neonatal units. Between September 2016 and March 2017, data were collected in our level-III neonatology department in this descriptive multidisciplinary study, using an anonymous questionnaire. As a result, 513 persons were asked to participate, including 330 parents and 183 HCP. We received an 80.3% (412/513) response rate, 87...
January 5, 2018: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302570/a-qualitative-study-on-women-s-experiences-of-intrapartum-nursing-care-at-tamale-teaching-hospital-tth-ghana
#12
Agani Afaya, Vida N Yakong, Richard A Afaya, Solomon M Salia, Peter Adatara, Anthony K Kuug, Flex K Nyande
Introduction: Labor and delivery process is an exciting, anxiety-provoking, but rewarding time for a woman and her family after successful delivery of a newborn. The intrapartum period is the time where mothers expect more care. Taking care of a mother through delivery with no side effects is the task of a professional midwife who is trained with the skill to take the responsibility of caring for mothers and babies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore mother's experiences regarding quality of intrapartum nursing/midwifery care...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302553/breastfeeding-practice-and-knowledge-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-2016
#13
Norah Faleh Al-Mutairi, Yousef Abdullah Al-Omran, P J Parameaswari
Introduction: Breast milk is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and infants. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in Riyadh from March 2016 to May 2017 were selected randomly with their consent and studied by a standardized questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284702/high-background-congenital-microcephaly-in-rural-guatemala-implications-for-neonatal-congenital-zika-virus-infection-screening
#14
Anne-Marie Rick, Gretchen Domek, Maureen Cunningham, Daniel Olson, Molly M Lamb, Andrea Jimenez-Zambrano, Gretchen Heinrichs, Stephen Berman, Edwin J Asturias
BACKGROUND: Congenital microcephaly is the result of a disturbance in early brain development and can have multiple etiologies. Establishing background prevalence of microcephaly in Zika virus (ZIKV)-affected areas is important for improving identification of ZIKV-affected newborns. However, to date, there is limited consistent guidance for the accurate identification of microcephaly in infants of unknown gestational age, a common concern in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Occipital frontal head circumference (OFC) obtained from infants (0-13 days) of unknown gestational age at enrollment in a pregnancy registry in rural Guatemala from August 2014 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284439/facility-imposed-barriers-to-early-utilization-of-focused-antenatal-care-services-in-mangochi-district-malawi-a-mixed-methods-assessment
#15
Kondwani Chidzammbuyo Mamba, Adamson S Muula, William Stones
BACKGROUND: Focused Antenatal Care (FANC) is advocated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a key service approach to improving the health of pregnant women. Four targeted visits to antenatal clinics are recommended starting in the first trimester. First trimester attendance for FANC in Mangochi District, Malawi was low at 8%. FANC has mainly been promoted through health facility based communication activities with less emphasis on activities at community level. We developed and tested a community focused health communication approach "Community Driven Total FANC Attendance (CDTFA)" with the aim of increasing FANC clinic attendance...
December 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284212/identification-and-characterization-of-atypical-porcine-pestivirus-genomes-in-newborn-piglets-with-congenital-tremor-in-china
#16
Hanqin Shen, Xiangcong Liu, Pengfei Zhang, Lei Wang, Yanling Liu, Leyi Zhang, Pengshuai Liang, Changxu Song
Recently, a novel atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) was discovered in pig. In this study, two APPV strains, APPV-China/GZ01/2016 (GZ01) and APPV-China/GD-SD/2016 (GD-SD), were identified in two newborn piglet herds with congenital tremor (CT) from China. The open reading frame of these two strains shared 83.5% nucleotide identity. Phylogenetically, the APPV strains were divided into two groups and GZ01 belonged to Group I, while GD-SD belonged to Group II. High viral load was detected in the cerebellum (Cq〈26)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282018/why-gone-too-soon-examining-social-determinants-of-neonatal-deaths-in-northwest-ethiopia-using-the-three-delay-model-approach
#17
Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Zemene Tigabu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Without improving the survival of newborns, meaningful reduction in under-five mortality is difficult. Most neonatal deaths are preventable when appropriate and timely care is sought. In Ethiopia, there is lack of evidence on the type and contribution of delays in treatment seeking to neonatal deaths. METHODS: A community based social autopsy (SA) of 39 neonatal deaths was conducted from March 16 to 24, 2016 in Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in northwest Ethiopia...
December 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281645/rates-indications-and-outcomes-of-caesarean-section-deliveries-a-comparison-of-tribal-and-non-tribal-women-in-gujarat-india
#18
Gayatri Desai, Ankit Anand, Dhiren Modi, Shobha Shah, Kalpana Shah, Ajay Shah, Shrey Desai, Pankaj Shah
BACKGROUND: Even though the caesarean section is an essential component of comprehensive obstetric and newborn care for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality, there is a lack of data regarding caesarean section rates, its determinants and health outcomes among tribal communities in India. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to estimate and compare rates, determinants, indications and outcomes of caesarean section. The article provides an assessment on how the inequitable utilization can be addressed in a community-based hospital in tribal areas of Gujarat, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277550/maternal-zika-virus-infection-and-newborn-microcephaly-an-analysis-of-the-epidemiological-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Leonelo E Bautista
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether existing data and evidence support a causal link between maternal Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and newborn microcephaly. METHODS: I quantified and compared the prevalence of all and severe microcephaly in Brazil, during and before 2015-2016, to assess whether an outbreak has occurred, used time series analysis to evaluate if the presumed outbreak was linked to a previous outbreak of ZIKV infections, and quantitatively synthesized published data from observational studies testing this association...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275135/effect-of-a-multifaceted-social-franchising-model-on-quality-and-coverage-of-maternal-newborn-and-reproductive-health-care-services-in-uttar-pradesh-india-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Sarah Tougher, Varun Dutt, Shreya Pereira, Kaveri Haldar, Vasudha Shukla, Kultar Singh, Paresh Kumar, Catherine Goodman, Timothy Powell-Jackson
BACKGROUND: How to harness the private sector to improve population health in low-income and middle-income countries is heavily debated and one prominent strategy is social franchising. We aimed to evaluate whether the Matrika social franchising model-a multifaceted intervention that established a network of private providers and strengthened the skills of both public and private sector clinicians-could improve the quality and coverage of health services along the continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and reproductive health...
December 20, 2017: Lancet Global Health
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