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Hearth infarction

Matteo Polacco, Pietro Sedati, Vincenzo Arena, Vincenzo L Pascali, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Antonio Oliva, Riccardo Rossi
INTRODUCTION: Post-mortem imaging is increasingly used in forensic field in cases of natural deaths related to cardiovascular diseases, which represent the most common causes of death in developed countries. While radiological examination is generally considered to be a good complement for conventional autopsy, it was thought to have limited application in cardiovascular pathology. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of post-mortem multidetector coronary artery computed tomography in cases of sudden death in adults...
May 2015: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Rubén Marroquín-Segura, Ricardo Calvillo-Esparza, José Luis Alfredo Mora-Guevara, José Horacio Tovalín-Ahumada, Abigail Aguilar-Contreras, Vicente Jesús Hernández-Abad
BACKGROUND: The real mechanism for Thevetia peruviana poisoning remains unclear. Cholinergic activity is important for cardiac function regulation, however, the effect of T. peruviana on cholinergic activity is not well-known. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of the acute administration of an aqueous extract of the seed kernel of T. peruviana on the acetylcholine esterase (AChE) activity in CD1 mice as well its implications in the sub-chronic toxicity of the extract...
January 2014: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Sanja Sehovic
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease, among which the most common is coronary disease of the hearth are the main cause of death at middle aged persons in the majority of European countries. Percent of cardiovascular disease in overall mortality among our population is even more than 50%. Up to 55 years of live myocardial infarction is by 5-6 times more common among men, and up to age of 75 years that difference decreases to 2.5 times. GOAL: The goal of this study is to determine the diagnostic value of 64 slices computerized tomography in detection of coronary disease compared to classic, invasive coronography...
2013: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Giuseppe Taino, Marco Brevi, Tiziana Gazzoldi, Marcello Imbriani
Ischemic heart disease, even if it has an incidence rate that increases with increasing age, can affect young people of working age. Remarkable progress in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and its complications, while it reduced the mortality due to myocardial infarction in both acute and later stages, on the other hand have contributed to increase prevalence, in people of working age, of ischemic heart disease and chronic conditions of post-ischemic left ventricular dysfunction in the outcomes of previous acute ischemic event...
April 2013: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Sabrina Prudente, Eleonora Morini, Jay Larmon, Francesco Andreozzi, Natalia Di Pietro, Angela Nigro, Ernest V Gervino, Gaia Chiara Mannino, Simonetta Bacci, Thomas H Hauser, Emanuele Bellacchio, Gloria Formoso, Fabio Pellegrini, Vittoria Proto, Claudia Menzaghi, Lucia Frittitta, Assunta Pandolfi, Giorgio Sesti, Alessandro Doria, Vincenzo Trischitta
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and cardiovascular disease recognize a common metabolic soil and may therefore share part of their genetic background. Genome-wide association studies have identified variability at the SH2B1 locus as a predictor of obesity. We investigated whether SNP rs4788102, which captures the entire SH2B1 variability, is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN AND SETTING: SNP rs4788102 was typed in 2015 White subjects with T2DM from three CAD case-control studies [n=740 from the Gargano Hearth Study (GHS, Italy); n=818 from the Joslin Hearth Study (JHS, Boston); n=457 from the University of Catanzaro (CZ, Italy)]...
December 2011: Atherosclerosis
Rosario Vecchio, Valentina Gelardi, Achille Persi, Eva Intagliata
INTRODUCTION: As life expectancy increases, the number of elderly patients presenting with surgically correctable diseases will rise as well. For advantages, which are well recognized in young patients, laparoscopic surgery has been proposed also for older patients. Because of underlying chronic diseases, however, elderly patients have been considered at high risk for the laparoscopic approach. Several studies have pointed out the risks related to cardiac, respiratory, or general comorbidities when elderly patients are proposed for laparoscopic treatment of their surgical disease...
July 2010: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
M Pleskot, P Parízek, M Hodac, L Haman, J St'ásek, P Cervinka, M Tauchman
The objective of the investigation was to evaluate in patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia the asset of myocardial revascularization for improvemet of the electric instability of the ventricular myocardium and a subsequent outline of the tactics of antiarrhythmic treatment. The authors included in the group a total of 35 patients (30 men and 5 women), age 34-78 years (mean 61 +/- 11) with IHD (according to selective coronarography) with spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (18 sebjects) or persistent (above 30s) marked symptomatic ventricular tachycardia (17 subjects), after ruling out acute cardiac infarction...
February 1999: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
C Patrono, G J Roth
BACKGROUND: A vast consensus exists in defining a narrow range of recommended daily doses of aspirin, ie, 75 to 160 mg, for the prevention of myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular death in patients with different manifestations of coronary hearth disease. In contrast, for patients with cerebrovascular disease, a much larger degree of uncertainty still exists, with recommendations ranging from 30 to 1300 mg daily. SUMMARY OF COMMENT: The contention that higher doses of aspirin (650 to 1300 mg) are more effective than lower doses in stroke prevention is based on indirect and selective comparisons of different trial data, mini-meta-analyses, or subgroup analyses of individual trials...
April 1996: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
E Gliwińska
Kawasaki disease (KD), first described in Japan in 1967 by Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki, is an acute multi system vasculitis of infancy and early childhood characterised by high fever, rash, conjunctivitis, inflammation of the mucous membranes, erythematous induration of the hands and feet and cervical lymphadenopathy. Synonyms for Kawasaki disease include "Kawasaki syndrome" and "mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome" (MCLS, MLNS, MCLNS). Kawasaki disease was initially presumed to occur only in Japan; but now this disease is known in the whole world...
1995: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
G Anders
Within the framework of the control of cardiovascular diseases the prophylaxis of the sudden heart death is an actual problem of health policy and medicine. Since the most frequent cause of the sudden heart death is the coronary heart disease, elements of the primary and secondary prophylaxis of the coronary heart disease are also of importance for the prevention of the sudden heart death. Central points of the prophylaxis of the sudden heart death are the improvement of the prehospital care and the shortening of the prehospital times of delay in acute myocardial infarction as well as the recognition, registration and care of risk persons...
January 15, 1989: Zeitschrift Für die Gesamte Innere Medizin und Ihre Grenzgebiete
R B Shekelle, S W Vernon, A M Ostfeld
Three MMPI variables--HsK + Hy, neuroticism, and somatic complaints--were positively associated with incidence of uncomplicated angina pectoris and not significantly associated with incidence of myocardial infarction and coronary death in a 10-year cohort study of 2003 employed middle-aged men. All three were negatively associated with risk of coronary death after the diagnosis of uncomplicated angina had been established. These results support the hypothesis that tendencies to report somatic complaints or to experience negative, distressing emotions chronically are not related to incidence of coronary heart disease but are associated with incidence of a relative benign, nonatherosclerotic condition that is similar clinically to angina pectoris...
March 1991: Psychosomatic Medicine
Z Szentirmay, J Tóth, L Döbrössy
Causes of death of 260 tumorous patients autopsied in 1974 were analyzed. Most common causes were inflammation and tumorous and non-tumorous organ insufficiencies; the others, in order of decreasing incidence, massive tumorous dissemination, infarct and haemorrhage. Pneumonia was predominating over the inflammatory causes although peritonitis and sepsis were also not rarely encountered. Death due to inflammation occurred most frequently in cases of myeloid-lymphoid, urogenital and gastro-intestinal tumours and in postoperative states...
July 1977: Morphologiai és Igazságügyi Orvosi Szemle
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