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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433839/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-evoked-potential-monitoring-techniques-during-intracranial-aneurysm-surgery-for-predicting-postoperative-ischaemic-damage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Benjamin Thomas, Dongsheng Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of various evoked potential monitoring techniques in predicting postoperative neurological deficit in intracranial aneurysm surgery. METHODS: A literature search of the MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases was conducted for English language papers published between 31 March 1983 and 31 March 2016. Original studies that reported the use of evoked potential monitoring during intracranial aneurysm surgery in predicting postoperative neurological damage were selected, and their relevant reference lists were hand searched...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429648/-the-influence-of-scene-context-on-parafoveal-processing-of-objects
#2
Monica S Castelhano, Effie J Pereira
Many studies in reading have shown the enhancing effect of context on the processing of a word before it is directly fixated (parafoveal processing of words; Balota et al., 1985; Balota & Rayner, 1983; Ehrlich & Rayner, 1981). Here, we examined whether scene context influences the parafoveal processing of objects and enhances the extraction of object information. Using a modified boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975), the Dot-Boundary paradigm, participants fixated on a suddenly-onsetting cue before the preview object would onset 4° away...
April 21, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426409/a-new-species-of-oochoristica-cyclophyllidea-linstowiidae-from-non-native-mediterranean-geckos-hemidactylus-turcicus-sauria-gekkonidae-from-texas-usa
#3
Chris T McAllister, Charles R Bursey
A new species of cyclophyllidean tapeworm, Oochoristica harschi sp. nov. is described from 2 of 18 (11%) non-native Mediterranean geckos (Hemidactylus turcicus) collected in June 2016 from Tom Green County, Texas, USA The new species has few characteristics in common with 17 species of Oochoristica previously described from Nearctic reptiles. Of this group, O. harschi is most similar to O. macallisteri Bursey and Goldberg, 1996 from the side-blotched lizard, Uta stansburiana from Arizona and California, USA, in number of testes, 14-20 vs...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425160/causes-of-nephrotic-syndrome-and-nephrotic-range-proteinuria-are-different-in-adult-chinese-patients-a-single-centre-study-over-33%C3%A2-years
#4
Jack Kit-Chung Ng, Terry King-Wing Ma, Fernand Mac-Moune Lai, Kai Ming Chow, Bonnie Ching-Ha Kwan, Chi Bon Leung, Philip Kam-To Li, Cheuk Chun Szeto
BACKGROUND: The reported causes of nephrotic syndrome (NS) varied between different countries. Less is known about the causes of nephrotic-range proteinuria (NPU). METHODS: In this single-centre, retrospective study of adult patients who underwent renal biopsy between 1983-2015 in a tertiary referral hospital in Hong Kong, we aimed to evaluate the underlying causes of NS and NPU. We also determined the distribution of histopathological diagnoses with regard to the age subgroups and time periods RESULTS: Among 7,456 patients who underwent renal biopsy, 982 and 838 patients had NS and NPU, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422945/growth-pattern-and-final-height-of-very-preterm-versus-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Jonneke J Hollanders, Sylvia M van der Pal, Paula van Dommelen, Joost Rotteveel, Martijn Jj Finken
BACKGROUND: Both very preterm (VP; i.e., gestational age <32 weeks) and very low birth weight (VLBW; i.e., birth weight <1,500 grams) are used as inclusion criteria by studies on preterm birth. We aimed to quantify the impact of these entities on postnatal growth until final height. METHODS: Subjects born VP and/or with VLBW from the Project On Preterm and Small-for-gestational-age infants cohort were classified as: (1) VP+/VLBW+ (n=495), (2) VP+/VLBW- (n=207) or (3) VP-/VLBW+ (n=296) infants...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420052/lupus-nephritis-in-the-western-cape-a-high-prevalence-area-an-experience-over-three-decades
#6
U Brijlal, W D Bates, M R Moosa
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus is a multisystem disease with serious complications, including lupus nephritis. Systemic lupus erythematosus is prevalent in the Western Cape, predominantly affecting women in the prime of their lives. Renal biopsy is an important tool for the management of the lupus patient with kidney disease, guiding treatment and assessing prognosis. Aims The aim of this study was to ascertain if there has been a change in the spectrum of renal pathology, patient characteristics and long-term outcomes in patients with lupus nephritis in our region over three decades...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417192/can-we-predict-benign-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-a-20-year-long-term-follow-up-study
#7
Arianna Sartori, Mohammad Abdoli, Mark S Freedman
Benign multiple sclerosis (MS) is a discussed clinical entity, with variable reported prevalence (6-64%) requiring at least 5-10 years of clinical observation. Moreover, many benign patients progress with time becoming no longer benign (NLB). The objective of this study is to compare benign MS patients (EDSS ≤3, 10 years from disease onset) who still fulfilled the definition at 20 years to those NLB. In our retrospective study based on Ottawa Hospital MS Clinic database, 175 benign patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria (clinically definite MS, EDSS ≤3 at 10 years, disease onset from 1983 to 1993, and clinical assessments performed at 10 ± 1 and 20 ± 1 years from onset)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416668/ambiguity-in-the-causes-for-decadal-trends-in-atmospheric-methane-and-hydroxyl
#8
Alexander J Turner, Christian Frankenberg, Paul O Wennberg, Daniel J Jacob
Methane is the second strongest anthropogenic greenhouse gas and its atmospheric burden has more than doubled since 1850. Methane concentrations stabilized in the early 2000s and began increasing again in 2007. Neither the stabilization nor the recent growth are well understood, as evidenced by multiple competing hypotheses in recent literature. Here we use a multispecies two-box model inversion to jointly constrain 36 y of methane sources and sinks, using ground-based measurements of methane, methyl chloroform, and the C(13)/C(12) ratio in atmospheric methane (δ(13)CH4) from 1983 through 2015...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416499/has-the-role-of-personal-income-in-alcohol-drinking-among-teenagers-changed-between-1983-and-2013-a-series-of-nationally-representative-surveys-in-finland
#9
Tomi Lintonen, Jaakko Nevalainen
OBJECTIVE: Affordability is known to be a key determinant of alcohol consumption, possibly even more important in adolescence. Relating adolescent drinking pattern developments over a period of time to trends in adolescent income can yield information on the significance of parental control of adolescent income. DESIGN: Biannual repeated cross-sectional surveys. SETTING: Nationally representative samples. PARTICIPANTS: 14-year-old adolescents in the period 1983-2013 in Finland (N=33 771)...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413399/hsv-1-hsv-2-infection-related-cancers-in-bantu-populations-driving-hiv-1-prevalence-in-africa-tracking-the-origin-of-aids-at-the-onset-of-the-20th-century
#10
Jacqueline Le Goaster, Patrice Bouree, Franck N El Sissy, Florence Phuong Bui, Johanna Pokossy Epee, Paul Rollin, Frédéric Tangy, Anne-Lise Haenni
INTRODUCTION: At the onset of the 20th century, ancient clinical observations of cancer epidemics in Bantu populations of Sub-Saharan Africa were discovered. They were reported from 1914 to 1960, but remained unexplained. In 1983, in San Francisco, Calif., USA, cancer epidemics were related to infections by the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) known as AIDS disease. Yet since 1996, it is known that HIV-1 strains are not the only ones involved. In Sub-Saharan Africa, recurrent orobuccal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and genital recurrent herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) appeared many times prior to infection by HIV-1...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409712/self-disclosing-trauma-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-couples-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Jacob Y Stein, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Most research concerning the implications of self-disclosure on trauma's aftermath has focused on the salubrious effects disclosure may foster for the primary victim. However, the manner in which recipients of disclosure are symptomatically affected by it remains unexamined. Of particular interest are spouses who are often the primary support providers and are therefore susceptible to secondary traumatization. Assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and self-disclosure among traumatized veterans and their wives, the current longitudinal study begins to fill this gap in the literature...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399378/the-adult-and-immature-stages-of-the-new-species-of-the-genus-demodex-acariformes-demodecidae-with-data-on-parasitism-topography-and-topical-specificity-of-demodecid-mites-in-the-yellow-necked-mouse-apodemus-flavicollis-rodentia-muridae
#12
Joanna N Izdebska, Leszek Rolbiecki, Sławomira Fryderyk, Łukasz Mierzyński
Demodex mollis n. sp. is described from the yellow-necked mouse Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834) from Poland. It is a medium-sized demodecid mite (adult stages are on average 249 µm long) observed in the skin of the eyelid area. The new species is most similar to two other species occupying similar microhabitat in hosts of the same genus - Demodex lacrimalis Lukoschus and Jongman, 1974 from Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus, 1758 and Demodex huttereri Mertens, Lukoschus and Nutting, 1983 from Apodemus agrarius (Pallas, 1771), but differs by the following features: the terminal palpi are equipped with 3 spines, including 1 large claw-like and the second single; subgnathosomal setae (setae n) are situated on both sides of the anterior side of the pharyngeal bulb; claws on the leg tarsi are bifurcated and each equipped with large subterminal spur and proximal pointed projection; the opisthosoma is soft and flexible; and aedeagus in males have different shape and localization...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394141/empathic-accuracy-and-relationship-satisfaction-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
Haran Sened, Michal Lavidor, Gal Lazarus, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli, William Ickes
Empathic accuracy (EA; Ickes & Hodges, 2013) is the extent to which people accurately perceive their peers' thoughts, feelings, and other inner mental states. EA has particularly interested researchers in the context of romantic couples. Reviews of the literature suggest a possible link between romantic partners' EA and their relationship satisfaction (Ickes & Simpson, 2001; Sillars & Scott, 1983). To assess the magnitude of this association and examine possible moderators, we performed a meta-analytic review of 21 studies (total N = 2,739 participants) that examined the association between EA and satisfaction...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393739/prenatal-exposure-to-vitamin-d-from-fortified-margarine-and-risk-of-fractures-in-late-childhood-period-and-cohort-results-from-222-000-subjects-in-the-d-tect-observational-study
#14
Mina Nicole Händel, Peder Frederiksen, Clive Osmond, Cyrus Cooper, Bo Abrahamsen, Berit L Heitmann
Prenatal low vitamin D may have consequences for bone health. By means of a nationwide mandatory vitamin D fortification programme, we examined the risk of fractures among 10-18-year-old children from proximate birth cohorts born around the date of the termination of the programme. For all subjects born in Denmark during 1983-1988, civil registration numbers were linked to the Danish National Patient Registry for incident and recurrent fractures occurring at ages 10-18 years. Multiplicative Poisson models were used to examine the association between birth cohort and fracture rates...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393599/-epidemiologic-features-of-philadelphia-negative-chronic-myeloproliferative-disorders-in-szabolcs-szatm%C3%A3-r-bereg-county-hungary-analysis-of-data-of-a-33-year-period
#15
János Jakó, László Szerafin
INTRODUCTION: In their previous work, the authors reported findings from 30 years on the incidence of hematological malignancies in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, Hungary. Until now there are no other studies on this topic available in Hungary. AIM: Detailed analysis of epidemiologic features of patients with Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders was carried out. METHOD: During a 33-year period (between January 1, 1983 and December 31, 2015) 4523 adult patients with hematologic malignancies were recorded in the leukaemia/lymphoma registry of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387823/synopsis-of-guidelines-for-the-clinical-management-of-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-consensus-recommendations-based-on-systematic-literature-review-by-the-angioma-alliance-scientific-advisory-board-clinical-experts-panel
#16
Amy Akers, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Issam A Awad, Kristen Dahlem, Kelly Flemming, Blaine Hart, Helen Kim, Ignacio Jusue-Torres, Douglas Kondziolka, Cornelia Lee, Leslie Morrison, Daniele Rigamonti, Tania Rebeiz, Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve, Darrel Waggoner, Kevin Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Despite many publications about cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), controversy remains regarding diagnostic and management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To develop guidelines for CCM management. METHODS: The Angioma Alliance ( www.angioma.org ), the patient support group in the United States advocating on behalf of patients and research in CCM, convened a multidisciplinary writing group comprising expert CCM clinicians to help summarize the existing literature related to the clinical care of CCM, focusing on 5 topics: (1) epidemiology and natural history, (2) genetic testing and counseling, (3) diagnostic criteria and radiology standards, (4) neurosurgical considerations, and (5) neurological considerations...
April 7, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381240/selecting-accurate-post-elimination-monitoring-tools-to-prevent-reemergence-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-in-morocco-a-pilot-study
#17
Abdelaali Balahbib, Fatima Amarir, Paul L A M Corstjens, Claudia J de Dood, Govert J van Dam, Amina Hajli, Meryem Belhaddad, Bouchra El Mansouri, Abderrahim Sadak, Mohamed Rhajaoui, El Bachir Adlaoui
BACKGROUND: After alleged stop of transmission of schistosomiasis and further down the line in post elimination settings, sensitive tools are required to monitor infection status to prevent potential re-emergence. In Rahala, where transmission cycle of Schistosoma haematobium is interrupted since 2004 but where 30% of snails are still infected by S. bovis, potential human S. bovis infection can't be excluded. As methods based on egg-counts do not provide the required sensitivity, antibody or antigen assays are envisaged as the most appropriate tools for this type of monitoring...
April 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377807/sectioning-on-the-street-futility-or-utility
#18
Philip Timms, Jennifer Perry
Aims and method A service evaluation was undertaken to examine outcomes in patients who were street homeless ('rough sleepers') and who were compulsorily admitted to hospital under the Mental Health Act 1983. The data were collected from the patients' case notes. Results At 1-year follow-up, patients had positive outcomes in areas such as accommodation status, registration with a general practitioner and engagement with the clinical team. Clinical implications The study shows that the intervention of a Mental Health Act assessment and compulsory hospital admission in homeless people on the street is associated with positive outcomes at 1 year...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373684/eeg-based-cognitive-control-behaviour-assessment-an-ecological-study-with-professional-air-traffic-controllers
#19
Gianluca Borghini, Pietro Aricò, Gianluca Di Flumeri, Giulia Cartocci, Alfredo Colosimo, Stefano Bonelli, Alessia Golfetti, Jean Paul Imbert, Géraud Granger, Railane Benhacene, Simone Pozzi, Fabio Babiloni
Several models defining different types of cognitive human behaviour are available. For this work, we have selected the Skill, Rule and Knowledge (SRK) model proposed by Rasmussen in 1983. This model is currently broadly used in safety critical domains, such as the aviation. Nowadays, there are no tools able to assess at which level of cognitive control the operator is dealing with the considered task, that is if he/she is performing the task as an automated routine (skill level), as procedures-based activity (rule level), or as a problem-solving process (knowledge level)...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373656/trauma-and-contemporary-forms-of-subjectivity-contributions-of-argentine-psychoanalysis
#20
Juan Carlos Volnovich
This paper offers arguments to justify the relevance of psychoanalysis-psychoanalyses-in present-day Argentina and reflects on the stance taken by psychoanalysts with different theoretical perspectives in the face of the havoc wreaked by state terror (1976-1983). To this end, the author focuses on the pioneers' traits, the significance of the Argentine Psychoanalytic Association in the 1950s and 1960s, and the impact of the departure of the Plataforma Group in 1971. The establishment of the latter opened the way for the development of a psychoanalysis tied to popular movements, sensitive to social conflict, and close to human rights organizations...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
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