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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543055/patient-compliance-for-postoperative-radiotherapy-and-survival-outcome-of-women-with-stage-i-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer
#1
Koji Matsuo, Hiroko Machida, Omar M Ragab, Jocelyn Garcia-Sayre, Annie A Yessaian, Lynda D Roman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine characteristics and survival outcome of women with endometrial cancer who declined postoperative radiotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to examine surgically-treated grade 1-2 stage IB and grade 3 stage IA-IB endometrioid endometrial cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program between 1983 and 2013 (n = 10 613). Associations of patient declination for guideline-based postoperative radiotherapy and clinico-pathological demographics or survival outcome were examined on multivariable analysis...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542898/health-habit-a-concept-analysis
#2
Andra S Opalinski, Linda S Weglicki, Sareen S Gropper
The aim of this article is to provide clarity of the concept of health habit. Using Walker and Avant's (1983; 2010) method for conducting a concept analysis, the authors identify the attributes and characteristics of health habit, its theoretical and practical application to nursing, and sample cases to further illustrate the concept. Empirical and conceptual literature was used to inform this concept analysis. Articles and one book from 1977 to 2014 were reviewed from PsycINFO, Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing Health Literature (CINAHL), Science Direct, EBSCOhost and Web of Science...
May 25, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539857/primary-health-care-research-in-saudi-arabia-a-quantitative-analysis
#3
Saulat Jahan, Abdullah Mohammed Al-Saigul
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the published primary health care (PHC) research conducted in Saudi Arabia quantitatively and to determine the distribution of these research publications according to the topic, time, geographical location, and institution. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we conducted literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar. The Medical Subject Headings terms: "Primary Health" AND "Saudi" and "Primary Care" AND "Saudi" were used for searching relevant journal articles...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534868/a-new-long-term-daily-satellite-based-rainfall-dataset-for-operational-monitoring-in-africa
#5
Ross I Maidment, David Grimes, Emily Black, Elena Tarnavsky, Matthew Young, Helen Greatrex, Richard P Allan, Thorwald Stein, Edson Nkonde, Samuel Senkunda, Edgar Misael Uribe Alcántara
Rainfall information is essential for many applications in developing countries, and yet, continually updated information at fine temporal and spatial scales is lacking. In Africa, rainfall monitoring is particularly important given the close relationship between climate and livelihoods. To address this information gap, this paper describes two versions (v2.0 and v3.0) of the TAMSAT daily rainfall dataset based on high-resolution thermal-infrared observations, available from 1983 to the present. The datasets are based on the disaggregation of 10-day (v2...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534008/a-comparison-of-pediatric-vs-adult-patients-with-the-ewing-sarcoma-family-of-tumors
#6
Vivek Verma, Kyle A Denniston, Christopher J Lin, Chi Lin
PURPOSE: This study sought to identify differences in clinical characteristics, outcomes, and treatments between adult and pediatric patients with the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT). METHODS: By using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 1983 to 2013, 1,870 patients were analyzed (n = 976 pediatric, n = 894 adult). Between the two groups, demographic, tumor, and treatment characteristics were collated and compared. The chi-square test determined differences in proportions of the variables between groups...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527462/low-power-broadband-solid-state-mas-nmr-of-14-n
#7
Andrew J Pell, Kevin J Sanders, Sebastian Wegner, Guido Pintacuda, Clare P Grey
We propose two broadband pulse schemes for (14)N solid-state magic-angle-spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) that achieves (i) complete population inversion and (ii) efficient excitation of the double-quantum spectrum using low-power single-sideband-selective pulses. We give a comprehensive theoretical description of both schemes using a common framework that is based on the jolting-frame formalism of Caravatti et al. [J. Magn. Reson. 55, 88 (1983)]. This formalism is used to determine for the first time that we can obtain complete population inversion of (14)N under low-power conditions, which we do here using single-sideband-selective adiabatic pulses...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522710/draft-genome-sequences-of-the-xylose-fermenting-yeast-scheffersomyces-shehatae-nbrc-1983-t-and-a-thermotolerant-isolate-of-s-%C3%A2-shehatae-aty839-jcm-18690
#8
Natsumi Okada, Ayumi Tanimura, Hideki Hirakawa, Masako Takashima, Jun Ogawa, Jun Shima
Draft genome sequences of the type strain (NBRC 1983) and a thermotolerant isolate (ATY839) of the xylose-fermenting yeast Scheffersomyces shehatae were determined. The genome sizes and presumed open reading frames were highly similar between strains NBRC 1983(T) and ATY839.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522450/lower-risk-of-heart-failure-and-death-in-patients-initiated-on-sglt-2-inhibitors-versus-other-glucose-lowering-drugs-the-cvd-real-study
#9
Mikhail Kosiborod, Matthew A Cavender, Alex Z Fu, John P Wilding, Kamlesh Khunti, Reinhard W Holl, Anna Norhammar, Kåre I Birkeland, Marit Jørgensen, Marcus Thuresson, Niki Arya, Johan Bodegård, Niklas Hammar, Peter Fenici
Background -Reduction in cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) was recently reported with the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT-2i) empagliflozin in type 2 diabetes patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We compared HHF and death in patients newly initiated on any SGLT-2i versus other glucose lowering drugs (oGLDs) in six countries to determine if these benefits are seen in real-world practice, and across SGLT-2i class. Methods -Data were collected via medical claims, primary care/hospital records and national registries from the US, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Germany and the UK...
May 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515625/overview-of-the-impact-of-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever-utility-of-ty21a-vaccine-vivotif%C3%A2
#10
REVIEW
D Amicizia, L Arata, F Zangrillo, D Panatto, R Gasparini
Cases of diarrhoeal disease number from 1.7 to 5 billion per year worldwide. One of the main causes of diarrhoeal disease is typhoid fever, which is a potentially life-threatening multi-systemic illness. According to the most recent estimates, a total of 26.9 million typhoid fever episodes occurred in 2010. The geographical distribution of the disease differs widely; in developed countries, the incidence rate per 100,000 per year varies from < 0.1 to 0.3, and the disease mainly affects people who travel to endemic areas located in low- and middle-income countries...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510618/auditory-processing-of-older-adults-with-probable-mild-cognitive-impairment
#11
Jerri D Edwards, Jennifer J Lister, Maya N Elias, Amber M Tetlow, Angela L Sardina, Nasreen A Sadeq, Amanda D Brandino, Aryn L Harrison Bush
Purpose: Studies suggest that deficits in auditory processing predict cognitive decline and dementia, but those studies included limited measures of auditory processing. The purpose of this study was to compare older adults with and without probable mild cognitive impairment (MCI) across two domains of auditory processing (auditory performance in competing acoustic signals and temporal aspects of audition). Method: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (Nasreddine et al...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507871/mammary-malignant-ulcer-after-radiotherapy-unpleasant-surprise
#12
Vincenzo Vindigni, Eva Kohlscheen, Tajna Kraljic, Franco Bassetto, Chiara Pavan
We present a case of a woman, 79 years old, followed by Psychiatry for depressive episodes after breast cancer removal. She was operated on for ductal breast carcinoma in 1983. Afterward she was submitted to adjuvant radiotherapy. She came to our attention for a chronic skin ulcer that developed into the radio-treated area about 4 years ago. We performed a skin biopsy and programed adipose tissue grafts to promote wound healing. The result of the biopsy was unexpected: dermal localization of not differentiated breast carcinoma...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507581/long-term-outcomes-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-5-over-the-last-40-years
#13
Dominika Adamczuk, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated outcomes in children with chronic kidney disease stage 5 (CKD 5) treated in the first pediatric dialysis unit in Poland during 1973-2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included 208 children with CKD 5 undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT), stratified into four decades of treatment: 1973-1982, 1983-1992, 1993-2002, and 2003-2012. RESULTS: The most common causes of CKD 5 included glomerulonephritis in 27...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503890/co-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-with-proton-beam-therapy
#14
Hiroko Fukushima, Takashi Fukushima, Ryoko Suzuki, Atsushi Iwabuchi, Kyoko Hidaka, Kouji Masumoto, Ai Muroi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Masashi Mizumoto, Hideyuki Sakurai, Ryo Sumazaki
INTRODUCTION: The ratio of childhood cancer survival achieves over 80% recently. Various adverse events among childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) has been reported. Proton beams are able to avoid unnecessary irradiation to normal/vital organs. We conducted a quality of life (QOL) study for CCSs who were treated with proton beam therapy (PBT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included those treated with PBT to the brain, head, or neck ≤15 years old at the University of Tsukuba Hospital from 1983 to 2011...
May 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502330/three-decades-of-follow-up-of-adults-after-recovery-from-invasive-pneumococcal-pneumonia
#15
Oluwadamilare O Ajayi, Nancy B Norton, Todd W Gress, Ronald J Stanek, Maurice A Mufson
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae infection is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) carries a high case fatality rate. We investigated the lifespan of adults who recovered from IPD during a 32-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined whether adults discharged after an episode of IPD from hospitals affiliated with the Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine in Huntington, West Virginia from 1983-2003 were alive on June 30, 2014...
May 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501020/educational-gains-in-cause-specific-mortality-accounting-for-cognitive-ability-and-family-level-confounders-using-propensity-score-weighting
#16
Govert E Bijwaard, Mikko Myrskylä, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
A negative educational gradient has been found for many causes of death. This association may be partly explained by confounding factors that affect both educational attainment and mortality. We correct the cause-specific educational gradient for observed individual background and unobserved family factors using an innovative method based on months lost due to a specific cause of death re-weighted by the probability of attaining a higher educational level. We use data on men with brothers from the Swedish Military Conscription Registry (1951-1983), linked to administrative registers...
May 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499566/effects-of-spiritual-group-therapy-on-caregiver-strain-in-home-caregivers-of-the-elderly-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Behrouz Mahdavi, Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab, Farahnaz Mohammadi, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Marjan Haghi
INTRODUCTION: Care of patients with Alzheimer's disease is one of the most difficult types of care that exposes the caregiver to a high level of care strain. The present research aimed at determining the effect of spiritual care on caregiver strain of the elderly with Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: An experimental study was carried out on 100 caregivers who were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into intervention, control one and control two groups...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493773/how-amendments-to-the-mental-health-act-1983-will-change-police-powers
#18
Richard Griffith
Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, considers the impact on nursing practice of amendments to police powers under the Mental Health Act 1983 introduced by the Policing and Crime Act 2017.
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489802/combined-effect-of-serum-gamma-glutamyltransferase-and-uric-acid-on-incidence-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Seok-Hoon Lee, Kwang-Min Kim, Kyu-Nam Kim
Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and uric acid (UA) are novel diabetes risk factors. However, little is known about the combined effects of GGT and UA on the development of diabetes. Here, we assessed the combined effects of GGT and UA on the development of diabetes in a Korean population.We evaluated 1983 women and 2687 men without diabetes. From the baseline health screening to the follow-up examination, the development of diabetes, based on changes in GGT and UA quartile levels, was analyzed. Furthermore, the quartile of GGT and quartile of UA were analyzed together to determine any synergistic effect from the 4th quartile of GGT and UA on the development of diabetes...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489791/effect-of-perioperative-statin-therapy-on-renal-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Siyang Wang, Huan Yao, Hong Yu, Chan Chen, Ronghua Zhou, Rurong Wang, Hai Yu, Bin Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute renal injury (AKI) is a common renal complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of perioperative statin therapy (PST) on postoperative renal outcome in patients undergoing cardiac procedures. METHODS: We searched for the reports that evaluating the effect of PST on renal outcomes after cardiac surgery between March 1983 and June 2016 in the electronic database Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE/PubMed, and EMBASE/OVID...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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