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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328348/body-image-issues-in-lithuanian-females-before-and-during-pregnancy
#1
Janina Tutkuviene, Austeja Juskaite, Justina Katinaite, Simona Silove, Jonas Drasutis, Ruta Sargautyte, Diana Ramasauskaite, Grazina Drasutiene
There is a risk that during pregnancy a woman's changing physique might result in stronger concerns about her appearance and may lead to negative consequences both for mother and foetus. The aim of the present study was to assess women's self-esteem, body image and weight control before and during pregnancy. A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Centre of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Vilnius University Hospital. In total, 234 pregnant women were investigated. The Self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg's scale (1965), while the attitude towards the body size - by Stunkard's figure rating scale (1983)...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326236/celebrating-35-years-of-the-ajnr-january-1983-edition
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314461/solution-of-the-puzzle-of-smectic-q-the-phase-structure-and-the-origin-of-spontaneous-chirality
#3
Huan-Jun Lu, Xiang-Bing Zeng, Goran Ungar, Christian Dressel, Carsten Tschierske
The so-called Smectic-Q phase (SmQ) liquid crystal phase has been discovered in 1983 in rod-like molecules, but its structure remain unclear in spite of numer-ous attempts to solve it. Here we report what we believe to be the solution: a unique bicontinuous phase that is non-cubic and is made up of orthogonal twist-ed columns with planar 4-way junctions. While previously SmQ had only been seen in chiral compounds, here we show that this chiral phase forms also in achiral materials through spontaneous symmetry breaking...
January 4, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312756/history-of-lung-transplantation
#4
REVIEW
Federico Venuta, Dirk Van Raemdonck
Lung transplantation nowadays is a well-accepted and routine treatment for well selected patients with terminal respiratory disease. However, it took several decades of experimental studies and clinical attempts to reach this success. In this paper, we describe the early experimental activity from the mid-forties until the early sixties. The first clinical attempt in humans was reported by Hardy and Webb in 1963 followed by others with short survival only except for one case by Derom et al. who lived for 10 months...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299679/modeling-and-improving-ethiopian-pasture-systems
#5
S G Parisi, G Cola, G Gilioli, L Mariani
The production of pasture in Ethiopia was simulated by means of a dynamic model. Most of the country is characterized by a tropical monsoon climate with mild temperatures and precipitation mainly concentrated in the June-September period (main rainy season). The production model is driven by solar radiation and takes into account limitations due to relocation, maintenance respiration, conversion to final dry matter, temperature, water stress, and nutrients availability. The model also considers the senescence of grassland which strongly limits the nutritional value of grasses for livestock...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299291/regional-patterns-of-increasing-swiss-needle-cast-impacts-on-douglas-fir-growth-with-warming-temperatures
#6
E Henry Lee, Peter A Beedlow, Ronald S Waschmann, David T Tingey, Steven Cline, Michael Bollman, Charlotte Wickham, Cailie Carlile
The fungal pathogen, Phaeocryptopus gaeumannii, causing Swiss needle cast (SNC) occurs wherever Douglas-fir is found but disease damage is believed to be limited in the U.S. Pacific Northwest (PNW) to the Coast Range of Oregon and Washington (Hansen et al., Plant Disease, 2000, 84, 773; Rosso & Hansen, Phytopathology, 2003, 93, 790; Shaw, et al., Journal of Forestry, 2011, 109, 109). However, knowledge remains limited on the history and spatial distribution of SNC impacts in the PNW. We reconstructed the history of SNC impacts on mature Douglas-fir trees based on tree-ring width chronologies from western Oregon...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296064/transcatheter-closure-of-right-coronary-artery-fistula-to-the-right-ventricle
#7
A Abu Haweleh, Luna Baangood, J V DeGiovanni
Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an uncommon anomaly that is usually congenital but can be acquired. Although most patients are asymptomatic, some may present with congestive heart failure, infective endocarditis, myocardial ischemia or rupture. In the past, surgical ligation was the only option in the management of CAF, but since 1983, transcatheter closure of CAF has been increasing as an alternative to surgery. We report a 3-year-old boy, presented in Queen Alia Heart Institute, who underwent successful transcatheter closure of a large fistula communicating the distal part of the right coronary artery to the right ventricle...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285681/outcomes-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-without-primary-diverting-loop-ileostomy-if-postoperative-sepsis-develops
#8
O A Lavryk, T L Hull, L C Duraes, L Stocchi, J H Ashburn, D Liska, E Gorgun, H Kessler
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the short-term and long-term consequences of diverting loop ileostomy (DLI) omission in ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) surgery complicated by postoperative pelvic sepsis. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database. Of 4031 patients who underwent IPAA in 1983-2014, 357 developed IPAA-related pelvic sepsis with or without anastomotic dehiscence. Patients with Crohn's disease or cancer were excluded...
December 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280479/assisted-reproductive-technology-art-cumulative-live-birth-rates-following-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-aneuploidy-pgd-a-or-morphological-assessment-of-embryos-a-cohort-analysis
#9
Evelyn Lee, Georgina Mary Chambers, Lyndon Hale, Peter Illingworth, Leeanda Wilton
BACKGROUND: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy (PGD-A) for all 24 chromosomes improves implantation and clinical pregnancy rates per single assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycle. However, there is limited data on the live-birth rate of PGD-A over repeated cycles. AIM: To assess the cumulative live-birth rates (CLBR) of PGD-A compared with morphological assessment of embryos of up to three 'complete ART cycles' (fresh plus frozen/thaw cycles) in women aged 37 years or older...
December 27, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276787/late-disruption-of-a-polyethylene-terephthalate-aortic-graft-30-years-after-initial-graft-placement
#10
Akihito Matsushita, Yu Tsunoda, Takashi Hattori, Wahei Mihara
A 71 year old male who had undergone extra-anatomic bypass grafting between the ascending aorta and the thoraco-abdominal aorta at 41 years of age for aortic coarctation was admitted with back pain and dyspnea. A 16 mm Cooley double velour knitted polyethylene terephthalate (PET) graft was used in the initial operation in 1983. Computed tomography showed disruption of the initial PET graft perforating the right atrium, and a pseudoaneurysm at the distal anastomosis. The patient was in acute cardiac failure because of left to right shunting...
2018: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258625/exposure-to-vitamin-d-from-fortified-margarine-during-fetal-life-and-later-risk-of-pre-eclampsia-the-d-tect-study
#11
Maria Stougaard, Peter Damm, Peder Frederiksen, Ramune Jacobsen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: To examine if fetal exposure to a small dosage of extra vitamin D from food fortification was associated with a decrease in the risk of pre-eclampsia later in life. DESIGN: Cancellation of the mandatory vitamin D fortification of margarine in 1985 created a societal experiment, with entire adjacent birth cohorts exposed or unexposed to extra vitamin D during fetal development. The Danish national medical health registries allowed the identification of pre-eclampsia cases later in life among all exposed and unexposed female individuals...
December 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251394/optic-neuritis-in-dogs-96-cases-1983-2016
#12
Sara M Smith, Hans D Westermeyer, Christopher L Mariani, Brian C Gilger, Michael G Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize ocular and neurologic findings, causes, and treatment outcomes of dogs with optic neuritis. PROCEDURE: Medical records from dogs with a diagnosis of optic neuritis at North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Hospital between 1983 and 2016 were reviewed. RESULTS: Ninety-six cases (20 unilateral, 76 bilateral), comprised of 38 males and 58 females with a mean age of 6.1 ± 3.0 years (range 0...
December 18, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245571/a-new-species-of-i-phrynobatrachus-i-anura-phrynobatrachidae-from-the-eastern-arc-mountians-of-tanzania
#13
Martin Pickersgill, Breda M Zimkus, Lynn R G Raw
Phrynobatrachus discogularis sp. nov. (Anura, Phrynobatrachidae) is described from the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania. It occupies upland grasslands and while it morphologically most resembles West and Central African P. gutturosus (Chabanaud, 1921), P. rungwensis (Loveridge, 1932), and P. anotis Schmidt and Inger, 1959, preliminary analysis of mitochondrial 16S rRNA indicates that the new species differs from all other species with published sequence data by a minimum distance of 4.1% and has affinities with P...
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245547/taxonomic-status-of-i-chrysophanus-i-i-phoenicurus-i-i-transcaucasicus-i-miller-1923-lepidoptera-lycaenidae-with-the-designation-of-a-neotype
#14
Anatoly V Krupitsky
The taxonomic status is clarified for the lycaenine taxon Chrysophanus phoenicurus transcaucasicus Miller, 1923 described from one male collected in eastern Turkey and currently treated within the genus Athamanthia Zhdanko, 1983. Based on the appearance and morphology of the male genitalia compared with A. phoenicurus (Lederer, 1870), it is recognized here as a separate species, A. transcaucasica (Miller, 1923), stat. nov. (= Lycaena melicertes Nekrutenko, 1985). Its holotype is lost, and a neotype is designated herein from recent material collected near the type locality to retain nomenclatural stability...
November 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245528/-i-tobrilus-saprophagus-i-sp-n-and-i-epitobrilus-interstitialis-i-sp-n-nematoda-triplonchida-from-lake-baikal-russia
#15
Tatyana V Naumova, Vladimir G Gagarin
Two new nematode species found in Lake Baikal (Russia) are described and illustrated. Tobrilus saprophagus sp. n. is morphologically close to T. bekmanae Tsalolikhin, 1975 and T. securus Gagarin & Naumova, 2011. The new species differs from T. bekmanae by the less slender tail (♂ c' = 2.9-3.9, ♀ c' = 3.5-6.8 vs ♂ c' = 6, ♀ c' = 9 in T. bekmanae), narrower labial region (24-30 µm vs 35-38 µm in T. bekmanae), shorter outer labial setae (10-12 µm vs 13-18 µm in T. bekmanae) and shorter stoma (25-32 µm vs 40-56 µm in T...
November 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242041/long-term-outcomes-for-neoadjuvant-versus-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-early-breast-cancer-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-ten-randomised-trials
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for early breast cancer can make breast-conserving surgery more feasible and might be more likely to eradicate micrometastatic disease than might the same chemotherapy given after surgery. We investigated the long-term benefits and risks of NACT and the influence of tumour characteristics on outcome with a collaborative meta-analysis of individual patient data from relevant randomised trials. METHODS: We obtained information about prerandomisation tumour characteristics, clinical tumour response, surgery, recurrence, and mortality for 4756 women in ten randomised trials in early breast cancer that began before 2005 and compared NACT with the same chemotherapy given postoperatively...
December 11, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240887/associations-between-unemployment-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife-in-sweden-and-finland
#17
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Background: Unemployment and alcohol use have often been found to correlate and to act as risk factors for each other. However, only few studies have examined these associations at longitudinal settings extending over several life phases. Moreover, previous studies have mostly used total consumption or medical diagnoses as the indicator, whereas subclinical measures of harmful alcohol use, such as heavy episodic drinking (HED), have been used rarely. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between HED and unemployment from adolescence to midlife in two Nordic countries...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239565/spatio-temporal-analysis-and-visualisation-of-the-anthrax-epidemic-situation-in-livestock-in-kazakhstan-over-the-period-1933-2016
#18
Sarsenbay K Abdrakhmanov, Yersyn Y Mukhanbetkaliyev, Fedor I Korennoy, Bolat Sh Karatayev, Aizada A Mukhanbetkaliyeva, Aruzhan S Abdrakhmanova
An analysis of the anthrax epidemic situation among livestock animals in the Republic of Kazakhstan over the period 1933-2016 is presented. During this time, 4,064 anthrax outbreaks (mainly in cattle, small ruminants, pigs and horses) were recorded. They fall into five historical periods of increase and decrease in the annual anthrax incidence (1933-1953; 1954-1968; 1969-1983; 1984- 2001; and 2002-2016), which has been associated with changes in economic activity and veterinary surveillance. To evaluate the temporal trends of incidence variation for each of these time periods, the following methods were applied: i) spatio-temporal analysis using a space-time cube to assess the presence of hotspots (i...
November 13, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238664/a-history-of-penile-implants
#19
REVIEW
Katherine M Rodriguez, Alexander W Pastuszak
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has long been described by physicians and patients, with treatments for ED proposed starting in the 8th century BC. In the last 50 years, however, there have been many advances in medical and surgical management of ED, notably the introduction of the inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) in 1973 and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) in 1998. Here we review the evolution of the IPP from 1973 through the current day. The 3-piece device was first described in 1973 by Dr. F. Brantley Scott, who helped found American Medical Systems (AMS) to market and sell the device...
November 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234509/assessing-the-second-hand-effects-of-a-new-no-smoking-policy-in-an-acute-mental-health-trust
#20
Benjamin Ian Perry, Katherine Meehan, Ashok Kumar Jainer
Aims and method To examine whether a new no-smoking policy in an in-patient mental health setting had any effects outside of smoking cessation. Our hypothesis stated that a forced smoking ban for in-patients may result in an increased susceptibility for clinical incidents, aggression and lower admission rates. All patients admitted to adult in-patient mental health services in Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust were included in the analysis. Data 6 months post-implementation of the smoking policy (1 July 2015 to 1 January 2016) were compared with the same period 1 year prior (1 July 2014 to 1 January 2015)...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
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