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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781777/influence-of-sex-stereotyped-stimuli-on-the-mental-rotation-performance-of-elderly-persons
#1
Martina Rahe, Vera Ruthsatz, Petra Jansen, Claudia Quaiser-Pohl
BACKGROUND: In mental-rotation tests with cube figures as rotational objects, differences in favor of men are often found (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). Mental-rotation performance often declines with age (Jacewicz & Hartley, 1987), but sex differences usually remain (Herman & Bruce, 1983). METHODS: In this study, male- and female-stereotyped objects were used as rotational stimuli in a mental-rotation paper and pencil test (Ruthsatz, Neuburger, Rahe, Jansen, & Quaiser-Pohl, 2017) for elderly participants (age: 57-88 years)...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774959/authorship-trends-in-the-journal-of-orthopaedic-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Abhijit Seetharam, Mohammed T Ali, Christine Y Wang, Katherine E Schultz, James P Fischer, Shatoria Lunsford, Elizabeth C Whipple, Randall T Loder, Melissa A Kacena
Publications are an important tool to measure one's success and achievement in academia. They can help propel a career forward and move one into a position of leadership. The overall purpose of this study was to investigate changes in bibliometric variables, authorship, and collaboration trends in the Journal of Orthopaedic Research (JOR®), since its inception in 1983. A bibliometric analysis was completed for all manuscripts meeting the inclusion criteria (638), which were published throughout the inaugural year plus one representative year of each decade...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774549/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-adult-patients-with-down-syndrome
#3
Vicky Duffy, Daniel Gomez, Peter Rycus, Brian Rivera, Stephanie L Santoro, Carl H Backes, Clifford L Cua
Patients with Down syndrome (DS) may have multiple medical issues that place them at risk for requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pediatric patients with Down syndrome has been described, but minimal data exist for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use in adults with Down syndrome. The goal of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and to determine if there were differences between adult extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients with Down syndrome that were alive (aDS) versus those that died (dDS) prior to hospital discharge...
May 17, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764900/celebrating-35-years-of-the-ajnr-may-1983-edition
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764888/assessment-of-thyroid-cancer-risk-associated-with-radiation-dose-from-personal-diagnostic-examinations-in-a-cohort-study-of-us-radiologic-technologists-followed-1983-2014
#5
Mark P Little, Hyeyeun Lim, Melissa C Friesen, Dale L Preston, Michele M Doody, Alice J Sigurdson, Gila Neta, Bruce H Alexander, Lienard A Chang, Elizabeth K Cahoon, Steven L Simon, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether personal medical diagnostic procedures over life, but particularly those associated with exposure in adulthood, were associated with increased thyroid cancer risk. DESIGN: Participants from the US Radiologic Technologists Study, a large, prospective cohort, were followed from the date of first mailed questionnaire survey completed during 1983-1989 to the earliest date of self-reported diagnosis of thyroid cancer or of any other cancer than non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in any of three subsequent questionnaires up to the last in 2012-2014...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760927/is-sperm-fish-analysis-still-useful-for-robertsonian-translocations-meiotic-analysis-for-23-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Anna Lamotte, Guillaume Martinez, Françoise Devillard, Jean-Pascal Hograindleur, Véronique Satre, Charles Coutton, Radu Harbuz, Florence Amblard, James Lespinasse, Mehdi Benchaib, Julien Bessonnat, Sophie Brouillet, Sylviane Hennebicq
Background: Robertsonian translocations (RobT) are common structural chromosome rearrangements where carriers display a majority of chromosomally balanced spermatozoa from alternate segregation mode. According to some monotony observed in the rates of balanced segregation, is sperm FISH analysis obsolete for RobT carriers? Methods: Retrospective cohort research study on 23 patients analyzed in our center from 2003 to 2017 and compared to the data of 187 patients in literature from 1983 to 2017...
2018: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759086/comprehensive-nationwide-analysis-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-finland-from-1983-to-2013
#7
I Aho, P Kivelä, M Kaijomaa, H-M Surcel, M Ristola, O Heikinheimo, J Sutinen
HIV-positive children are still born in Europe despite low mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rates. We aimed to clarify the remaining barriers to the prevention of MTCT. By combining the national registers, we identified all women living with HIV delivering at least one child during 1983-2013. Of the 212 women delivering after HIV diagnosis, 46% were diagnosed during the pregnancy. In multivariate analysis, age >30 years (P = 0.001), sexual transmission (P = 0.012), living outside of the metropolitan area (P = 0...
May 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757699/current-status-and-future-directions-of-invasive-pneumococcal-diseases-and-prophylactic-approaches-to-control-them
#8
Paeton L Wantuch, Fikri Y Avci
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major human bacterial pathogen responsible for millions of deaths each year and significantly more illnesses worldwide. With over 90 different serotypes, providing effective vaccine programs has been a continuing challenge. Since 1983, the world has been introduced to four different pneumococcal vaccines (PPSV23, PCV7, PCV10, and PCV13) each with their own complications and successes. Since vaccination programs began, a decrease in the overall rate of pneumococcal pneumonia and associated diseases has been observed, notably in higher risk populations...
May 14, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749980/delayed-complications-and-long-term-management-of-sulfur-mustard-poisoning-recent-advances-by-iranian-researchers-part-i-of-ii
#9
REVIEW
Emadodin Darchini-Maragheh, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Chemical warfare agents are the most brutal weapons among the weapons of mass destruction. Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent toxic alkylating agent known as "the King of the Battle Gases". SM has been the most widely used chemical weapon during the wars. It was widely used in World War I. Thereafter, it was extensively employed by the Iraqi troops against the Iranian military personnel and even civilians in the border cities of Iran and Iraq in the period between 1983 and 1988. Long-term incapacitating properties, significant environmental persistence, lack of an effective antidote, and relative ease of manufacturing have kept SM a potential agent for both terrorist and military uses...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748714/morphological-and-molecular-analyses-of-bipteria-lusitanica-n-sp-in-wild-white-seabream-diplodus-sargus-linnaeus-1758-in-portugal
#10
Caner Sirin, Maria J Santos, Luis F Rangel
The present study records the presence of Bipteria lusitanica n. sp. in wild white seabream, Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) off the Portuguese coast. Myxosporean parasites were found in the interstitial tissue of kidney and free in urinary bladder of D. sargus with a 33.3% of prevalence of infection. Myxospores were triangular or inversely pyramidal in shape and anteriorly wider in frontal view, measuring 11.2 ± 1.0 μm in length, 12.6 ± 0.9 μm in width, and 11.6 ± 0.4 μm in thickness. The sinuous sutural line was parallel to the axis that connects the center of the two polar capsules...
May 11, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746622/socioeconomic-factors-and-mortality-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-cohort-study-in-swedish-primary-care
#11
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Danijela Gasevic, Martin J Holzmann, Johan Ärnlöv, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Background: Preventing ischaemic stroke attracts significant focus in atrial fibrillation (AF) cases. Less is known on the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with AF. Methods: Our study population included adults (n=12 283) ≥45 years diagnosed with AF at 75 primary care centres in Sweden 2001-07. Cox regression was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between the exposures educational level, marital status, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and the outcomes all-cause mortality, after adjustment for age, and comorbid cardiovascular conditions...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746367/lingual-tonsillectomy-likely-does-not-improve-outcomes-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-from-an-unknown-primary-site
#12
Justin Wray, Robert J Amdur, Kaitlin M Christopherson, Christopher G Morris, Peter T Dziegielewski, Brian J Boyce, William M Mendenhall
OBJECTIVE: Patients with mucosal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck almost always have a primary site in the base of tongue or tonsillar fossa. Lingual tonsillectomy has recently been advocated as part of the diagnostic evaluation as opposed to directed biopsies of the base of tongue and thought to possibly result in an increased likelihood or cure. The purpose of this project is to determine whether this is probable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients treated with primary radiotherapy (RT) between January 1983 and March 2013...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746299/suppressive-antiretroviral-therapy-associates-with-effective-treatment-of-high-grade-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#13
Christina Carlander, Philippe Wagner, Astrid van Beirs, Aylin Yilmaz, Kristina Elfgren, Joakim Dillner, Anders Sönnerborg, Pär Sparén
OBJECTIVES: To assess if women living with HIV (WLWH) have poorer outcome after treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) than HIV-negative women and to identify predictors of CIN2+ treatment failure and recurrence in WLWH. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study with follow-up between 1983 and 2015. METHODS: The Swedish National HIV Registry, the Swedish Population Registry and the Swedish National Cervical Screening Registry were linked to identify all women in Stockholm and Gothenburg counties (Sweden) living with HIV and diagnosed with CIN2+ (n = 179) sometime between 1983 and 2014...
May 8, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742992/patient-perspectives-of-being-detained-under-section-136-of-the-mental-health-act-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-london
#14
Arun Sondhi, Lisa Luger, Lina Toleikyte, Emma Williams
Introduction Detention under section 136(1) of the Mental Health Act 1983 allows for the police to arrest a person from a public place and remove them to a 'place of safety', typically an emergency department or mental-health unit if it is 'in the interests of that person or for the protection of other persons in immediate need of care or control'. Aims/objective: The aim of this study was to describe the views and perceptions of the process for people with lived experience of mental distress who have been detained under section 136 of the Mental Health Act 1983...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742467/three-decades-of-neonatal-vaccination-has-greatly-reduced-antenatal-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-gravidae-covered-by-the-program
#15
Terence T Lao, Daljit S Sahota, Paul K S Chan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of three decades of hepatitis B vaccination in infancy on antenatal prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriage in 93,134 Hong-Kong born gravidae managed in 1997-2015. METHODS: Annual prevalence of HBsAg carriage on routine antenatal screening was examined with respect to maternal year of birth in three periods i.e. pre-1983 (before availability of vaccination), 1983-88 (vaccination of infants born to HBsAg-carriers), and after 1988 (universal vaccination)...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741266/long-term-monitoring-of-b-chromosome-invasion-and-neutralization-in-a-population-of-prospero-autumnale-asparagaceae
#16
Pedro Lanzas, Francisco Perfectti, Manuel A Garrido-Ramos, Carmelo Ruíz-Rejón, Mónica González-Sánchez, María Puertas, Juan Pedro M Camacho
B chromosomes have been reported in about 15% of eukaryotes, but long term dynamics of B chromosomes in a single natural population has rarely been analysed. Prospero autumnale plants collected in 1981 and 1983 at Cuesta de La Palma population have shown the presence of B chromosomes. We analyze here seven additional samples collected between 1987 and 2015, and show that B frequency increased significantly during the 1980's and showed minor fluctuations between 2005 and 2015. A mother-offspring analysis of B chromosome transmission, at population level, showed significant drive on the male side (kB = 0...
May 9, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740430/multilayer-control-of-b-cell-activation-by-the-b-cell-antigen-receptor-following-themes-initiated-with-bill-paul
#17
REVIEW
Anthony L DeFranco
This article describes the work I did in Bill Paul's lab as a postdoctoral fellow between 1979 and 1983, and to a lesser extent puts that work in the context of other work on B cell activation and antibody responses that was going on in Bill's lab at that time and shortly beforehand, including the discovery of interleukin 4. In addition, this work describes the subsequent and continuing work in my own lab following-up on themes I began during my time working directly with Bill. A particular emphasis was on understanding the biochemical mechanisms of signaling by the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) to the interior of the B cell...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735749/examining-lung-cancer-risks-across-different-industries-and-occupations-in-ontario-canada-the-establishment-of-the-occupational-disease-surveillance-system
#18
James K H Jung, Saul G Feinstein, Luis Palma Lazgare, Jill S Macleod, Victoria H Arrandale, Christopher B McLeod, Alice Peter, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: The Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) was established in Ontario, Canada by linking a cohort of workers with data created from Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) claims to administrative health databases. The aim of this study was to use ODSS to identify high-risk industry and occupation groups for lung cancer in Ontario. METHODS: Workers in the WSIB lost time claims database were linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry using subjects' health insurance numbers, name, sex, birthdate and death date (if applicable)...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733795/muscle-invasive-bladder-and-urethral-cancer-recurrence-after-surgical-management-of-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-review-of-305-patients
#19
Mohamed Mohamed Elawdy, Yasser Osman, Diaa Eldin Taha, Samer El-Halwagy
OBJECTIVE: Bladder cancer recurrence after management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a common disease. Although the incidence and risk factors for the development of noninvasive bladder tumor have been reported in many series, rare studies have reported on muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and its urethral recurrence. We aimed to report the incidence, risk factors and survival rate for the development of MIBC and urethral tumors after surgical management of UTUC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who were surgically treated for UTUC from 1983 to 2013...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733729/evaluating-the-impact-of-the-orphan-drug-act-s-seven-year-market-exclusivity-period
#20
Ameet Sarpatwari, Reed F Beall, Abdurrahman Abdurrob, Mengdong He, Aaron S Kesselheim
For thirty-five years the Orphan Drug Act of 1983 has provided incentives for pharmaceutical manufacturers to develop drugs to treat rare diseases-conditions that affect fewer than 200,000 people in the US. One key statutory incentive is an exclusive seven-year marketing right for the rare disease indication, which has been heralded as driving a dramatic increase in the number of rare disease treatments. However, most new drugs are also protected by patents. In this study we assessed all new small-molecule drugs approved in the period 1985-2014 that had at least one indication for an orphan-designated disease as of January 1, 2017...
May 2018: Health Affairs
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