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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641827/isoflurane-and-the-coronary-steal-controversy-of-the-1980s-origin-resolution-and-legacy
#1
George J Crystal
Isoflurane was introduced for general clinical use in North America in 1981. Shortly thereafter, in 1983, a study suggested that the anesthetic was a potent coronary vasodilator that could cause coronary steal and myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. Myocardial ischemia results from small-vessel dilation which leads to increased blood flow to well-perfused myocardium and decreased blood flow to myocardium with borderline perfusion. This action of isoflurane raised concerns and threatened its use...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#2
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639806/math-related-career-aspirations-and-choices-within-eccles-et-al-s-expectancy-value-theory-of-achievement-related-behaviors
#3
Fani Lauermann, Yi-Miau Tsai, Jacquelynne S Eccles
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on the math domain. We examined two aspects of Eccles et al.'s (1983) expectancy-value theory of achievement-related behaviors: (a) the reciprocal associations between adolescents' expectancy and subjective task value beliefs and adolescents' career plans and (b) the multiplicative association between expectancies and values in predicting occupational outcomes in the math domain...
June 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625183/simultaneously-occurring-zenker-s-diverticulum-and-killian-jamieson-diverticulum-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
K E Stewart, D R K Smith, S L Woolley
BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal diverticula have many subtypes, with Zenker's diverticulum being the most common. First described in 1983, a Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is an outpouching in the anterolateral wall at the pharyngoesophageal junction. This is located inferiorly to the cricopharyngeus muscle, unlike Zenker's diverticula which occur superiorly. Killian-Jamieson diverticula are rare and are commonly misdiagnosed as Zenker's diverticula. Less than 30 reports of Killian-Jamieson diverticula have been described in the literature...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617780/-the-burden-of-disability-in-cameroon
#5
Calogero Foti, Caterina Albensi, Laura Giordani, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Martin Sanou Sobze, Vittorio Colizzi
AIM: Rehabilitation services for disabled persons are lacking in countries with limited economic resources. Reliable and objective data are needed to plan for their implementation and to determine the burden of disability in these countries. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in June 2013 among people living in Dschang Health District, in the West region of Cameroon, to collect information about socio-demographic aspects of physically disabled subjects and health determinants of disabilities...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615338/activity-of-primate-v1-neurons-during-the-gap-saccade-task
#6
Kayeon Kim, Choongkil Lee
When a saccadic eye movement is made toward a visual stimulus, the variability in accompanying V1 activity is related to saccade latency in both human (Bompas et al., 2015) and non-human (Lee et al., 2010) primates. In order to understand the nature of this relationship, we examined the functional link between V1 activity and the initiation of visually guided saccades during the gap saccade task, in which a brief temporal gap is interposed between the turning off of a fixation stimulus and the appearance of a saccadic target...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615234/impact-of-routine-fractional-flow-reserve-on-management-decision-and-1-year-clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-prime-ffr-insights-from-the-post-it-portuguese-study-on-the-evaluation-of-ffr-guided-treatment-of-coronary-disease-and-r3f
#7
Eric Van Belle, Sergio-Bravo Baptista, Luís Raposo, John Henderson, Gilles Rioufol, Lino Santos, Christophe Pouillot, Ruben Ramos, Thomas Cuisset, Rita Calé, Emmanuel Teiger, Elisabete Jorge, Loic Belle, Carina Machado, Didier Barreau, Marco Costa, Michel Hanssen, Eduardo Oliveira, Cyril Besnard, João Costa, Jean Dallongeville, João Pipa, Georgios Sideris, Nuno Fonseca, Christophe Bretelle, Jorge Guardado, Nicolas Lhoest, Bruno Silva, Pierre Barnay, Maria-João Sousa, Laurent Leborgne, João Carlos Silva, Flavien Vincent, Alberto Rodrigues, Luís Seca, Renato Fernandes, Patrick Dupouy
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is not firmly established as a guide to treatment in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Primary goals were to evaluate the impact of integrating FFR on management decisions and on clinical outcome of patients with ACS undergoing coronary angiography, as compared with patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: R3F (French FFR Registry) and POST-IT (Portuguese Study on the Evaluation of FFR-Guided Treatment of Coronary Disease), sharing a common design, were pooled as PRIME-FFR (Insights From the POST-IT and R3F Integrated Multicenter Registries - Implementation of FFR in Routine Practice)...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611713/assessing-empathy-across-childhood-and-adolescence-validation-of-the-empathy-questionnaire-for-children-and-adolescents-emque-ca
#8
Sandy Overgaauw, Carolien Rieffe, Evelien Broekhof, Eveline A Crone, Berna Güroğlu
Empathy plays a crucial role in healthy social functioning and in maintaining positive social relationships. In this study, 1250 children and adolescents (10-15 year olds) completed the newly developed Empathy Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (EmQue-CA) that was tested on reliability, construct validity, convergent validity, and concurrent validity. The EmQue-CA aims to assess empathy using the following scales: affective empathy, cognitive empathy, and intention to comfort. A Principal Components Analysis, which was directly tested with a Confirmatory Factor Analysis, confirmed the proposed three-factor model resulting in 14 final items...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610299/siphonoecetini-just-1983-crustacea-amphipoda-ischyroceridae-11-cephaloecetes-schioettei-sp-nov-from-the-philippines
#9
Jean Just
The new species described below, Cephaloecetes schioettei, is the second siphonoecetine to be recorded from the archipelago region of Indonesia, The Philippines and Papua New Guinea. The previous reports were of Borneoecetes wongi Barnard & Thomas, 1984 from Borneo and from Papua New Guinea by Myers (1995).
May 29, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609909/new-black-fungus-gnats-diptera-sciaridae-of-north-america-part-iii-genera-i-camptochaeta-i-hippa-amp-vilkamaa-i-claustropyga-i-hippa-vilkamaa-amp-mohrig-and-i-dichopygina-i-vilkamaa-hippa-amp-komarova
#10
Werner Mohrig, Ellen Kauschke
Seven species of the genus Camptochaeta, two of the genus Claustropyga and one of the genus Dichopygina are newly described from the Nearctic region. These are: Camptochaeta abnormalis sp. n., Cam. camptochaetosa sp. n., Cam. grimaldii sp. n., Cam. multispina sp. n., Cam. praexystica sp. n., Cam. subxystica sp. n., Cam. unispina sp. n., Claustropyga postbrevichaeta sp. n., Cl. subbrevichaeta sp. n. and Dichopygina praeaculeata sp. n. All new species are diagnosed and their distribution data are given. Three species, Camptochaeta duplicata Hippa & Vilkamaa, 1994, Claustropyga abblanda (Freeman, 1983) and Cl...
May 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606436/a-comparative-outcome-study-of-hamstring-versus-tibialis-anterior-and-synthetic-grafts-for-deltoid-to-triceps-transfers
#11
Jennifer A Dunn, Khalid D Mohammed, Gordon P Beadel, Alastair G Rothwell, Jeremy W Simcock
PURPOSE: To assess elbow extension strength and complications after deltoid-triceps transfers using hamstring tendon graft compared with tibialis anterior and synthetic tendon grafts. METHODS: A retrospective review of deltoid-triceps transfers in patients with tetraplegia performed between 1983 and 2014. RESULTS: Seventy-five people (136 arms) had surgery performed, with the majority undergoing simultaneous bilateral surgery (n = 61; 81%)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605299/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-specific-antibody-detection-in-cattle-in-mauritania
#12
Miriam A Sas, Marc Mertens, Ekaterina Isselmou, Nicole Reimer, Bezeid O El Mamy, Baba Doumbia, Martin H Groschup
BACKGROUND: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) was detected for the first time in Mauritania in 1983 and several CCHFV outbreaks were reported in the following years. The last human case was diagnosed in 2015. However, no recent data exist about the prevalence of CCHFV in animals, although it is already described that prevalence studies in animals serve as good risk indicators. CCHFV can cause a severe hemorrhagic fever with a high case fatality rate in humans. Therefore, a precise risk assessment on the basis of updated data is very important...
June 12, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604301/judith-godden-crown-street-women-s-hospital-a-history-1893-1983-sydney-melbourne-auckland-london-allen-unwin-2016-pp-%C3%A2-xi-382-45-00-paperback-isbn-%C3%A2-978-1-74331-840-9
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#14
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602055/evaluation-of-the-benefit-of-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-occult-breast-cancer-a-population-based-analysis-of-the-seer-database
#15
Byoung Hyuck Kim, Jeanny Kwon, Kyubo Kim
Purpose: Few studies for occult breast cancer (OBC) have evaluated the effect of radiotherapy (RT) after mastectomy or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) with/without breast surgery. Therefore, we investigated clinicopathologic factors of OBC with the impact of postoperative RT to determine its prognostic significance using large population-based data. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End...
June 1, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599043/ketones-and-human-performance
#16
Jonathan M Scott, Patricia A Deuster
Everyone is seeking nutritional strategies that might benefit performance. One approach receiving much attention is ketones, or ketosis. Ketones are very simple compounds made of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen, and ketosis is a metabolic state whereby the body uses predominantly ketones. Ketosis can be achieved by fasting for longer than 72 hours or by following a very lowcarbohydrate, high-fat diet (ketogenic diet) for several days to weeks. Alternatively, ketone supplements purportedly induce ketosis rapidly and do not require strict adherence to any specific type of diet; however, much of the touted benefits are anecdotal...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598012/association-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-with-parkinson-s-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Xiaoli Shen, Huazhen Yang, Yili Wu, Dongfeng Zhang, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The results from observational studies on the relationship between helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and Parkinson's disease remain controversial. A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between helicobacter pylori infection and Parkinson's disease. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed on relevant studies published from January 1983 to January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE databases. The fixed or random effects model was used to pool the odds ratio with 95% confidence interval from individual studies...
June 9, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597866/delivery-of-antiretroviral-treatment-services-in-india-estimated-costs-incurred-under-the-national-aids-control-programme
#18
Reshu Agarwal, Bharat Bhushan Rewari, Suresh Shastri, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Abhilakh Singh Rathore
Competing domestic health priorities and shrinking financial support from external agencies necessitates that India's National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) brings in cost efficiencies to sustain the programme. In addition, current plans to expand the criteria for eligibility for antiretroviral therapy (ART) in India will have significant financial implications in the near future. ART centres in India provide comprehensive services to people living with HIV (PLHIV): those fulfilling national eligibility criteria and receiving ART and those on pre-ART care, i...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588549/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-myasthenia-gravis-overlap-syndrome-a-review-of-two-cases-and-the-associated-literature
#19
Hongfei Tai, Liying Cui, Yuzhou Guan, Mingsheng Liu, Xiaoguang Li, Yan Huang, Jing Yuan, Dongchao Shen, Dawei Li, Feifei Zhai
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and myasthenia gravis (MG) overlap syndrome and explore the relationship between the two diseases. METHODS: We conducted a search of medical records at Peking Union Medical University Hospital from 1983 to 2015 for coexistence of ALS and MG and searched the PubMed database for all literature describing ALS and MG overlap syndrome published through December 2016. We analyzed the clinical and neurophysiological characteristics of patients by groups according to strict diagnostic criteria...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584652/civil-and-forensic-patients-in-secure-psychiatric-settings-a-comparison
#20
Nuwan Galappathie, Sobia Tamim Khan, Amina Hussain
Aims and method To evaluate differences between male patients in secure psychiatric settings in the UK based on whether they are detained under civil or forensic sections of the Mental Health Act 1983. A cohort of patients discharged from a secure psychiatric hospital were evaluated for length of stay and frequency of risk-related incidents. Results Overall, 84 patients were included in the study: 52 in the forensic group and 32 in the civil group. Civil patients had more frequent incidents of aggression, sex offending, fire-setting and vulnerability, whereas forensic patients had more frequent episodes of self-harm...
June 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
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