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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737361/-sex-education-in-tunisia-students%C3%A2-%C3%A2-expectations-and-teachers%C3%A2-conceptions
#1
Sameh Hrairi
Health education, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO 1983), includes sex education. In Tunisia, there is a growing interest in sexuality issues, in contrast with the reigning conservative culture, challenging the taboos and restrictions imposed by religion. A global sex education strategy is therefore required in Tunisian in schools to help students understand their body and its biological functions, construct a real sexual identity and adopt behaviours that promote a healthy and low-risk lifestyle...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733687/an-ecologic-study-of-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-myopia-in-chinese-adults-in-singapore-born-from-the-1920s-to-1980s
#2
Sonoko Sensaki, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Pavan K Verkicharla, Adeola Awodele, Kok Hian Tan, Audrey Chia, Seang Mei Saw
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate secular trends in the prevalence of myopia over 6 decades (from the 1920s to 1980s) in Chinese adults in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parental myopia prevalence was estimated using a parent-completed questionnaire in paediatric cohorts that included: 1) The Singapore Cohort Of Risk factors for Myopia (SCORM), 2) The Strabismus, Amblyopia and Refractive Error in Singaporean Children (STARS), and 3) The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO)...
June 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733304/how-do-trends-in-mortality-inequalities-by-deprivation-and-education-in-scotland-and-england-wales-compare-a-repeat-cross-sectional-study
#3
Gerry McCartney, Frank Popham, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, David Walsh, Lauren Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To compare the trends in mortality inequalities by educational attainment with trends using area deprivation. SETTING: Scotland and England & Wales (E&W). PARTICIPANTS: All people resident in Scotland and E&W between 1981 and 2011 aged 35-79 years. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Absolute inequalities (measured using the Slope Index of Inequality (SII)) and relative inequalities (measured using the Relative Index of Inequality (RII)) in all-cause mortality...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729228/tangled-history-of-the-european-uses-of-sphagnum-moss-and-sphagnol
#4
REVIEW
Jacek Drobnik, Adam Stebel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sphagnum mosses and peat could have been utilized as wound dressings for centuries, however reliable data on this subject are ambiguous; sometimes even no distinction between peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) and peat is made or these terms become confused. The first scientific account on surgical use of peat comes from 1882: a peat digger who successfully, by himself and in the way unknown to the then medicine, cured an open fracture of his forearm with peat. The peat, and very soon the peat moss itself (which is the major constituent of peat) drew attention of the 19(th)-century surgeons...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724840/exposure-to-parental-smoking-in-childhood-is-associated-with-high-c-reactive-protein-in-adulthood-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#5
Di Wang, Markus Juonala, Jorma S A Viikari, Feitong Wu, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Costan G Magnussen
AIM: Children exposed to parental smoking are at increased long-term risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood. However, it has not been quantified if exposure to parental smoking in childhood is associated with adult systemic inflammation. This study aimed to determine if childhood exposure to parental smoking was associated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in adulthood. METHODS: This longitudinal analysis of 2,511 participants used data from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, a prospective cohort of Finnish children...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722634/cystic-echinococcosis-in-turkana-kenya-the-role-of-cross-sectional-screening-surveys-in-assessing-the-prevalence-of-human-infection
#6
Nadia Solomon, Eberhard Zeyhle, Jane Carter, John Wachira, Asrat Mengiste, Thomas Romig, Paul J Fields, Calum N L Macpherson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Infection leads to formation of cysts within the viscera of the human host. In the 1980s, the transhumant population of northwest Turkana, Kenya, was found to have the highest prevalence of CE in the world. In 1983, AMREF Health Africa and the Kenya Medical and Research Institute launched a CE Control Program in northwest Turkana, screening and treating the local people. This epidemiological study of CE in Turkana analyses approximately 30 years of surveillance and surgical data...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715518/early-accurate-diagnosis-and-early-intervention-in-cerebral-palsy-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Iona Novak, Cathy Morgan, Lars Adde, James Blackman, Roslyn N Boyd, Janice Brunstrom-Hernandez, Giovanni Cioni, Diane Damiano, Johanna Darrah, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Linda S de Vries, Christa Einspieler, Michael Fahey, Darcy Fehlings, Donna M Ferriero, Linda Fetters, Simona Fiori, Hans Forssberg, Andrew M Gordon, Susan Greaves, Andrea Guzzetta, Mijna Hadders-Algra, Regina Harbourne, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Petra Karlsson, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Beatrice Latal, Alison Loughran-Fowlds, Nathalie Maitre, Sarah McIntyre, Garey Noritz, Lindsay Pennington, Domenico M Romeo, Roberta Shepherd, Alicia J Spittle, Marelle Thornton, Jane Valentine, Karen Walker, Robert White, Nadia Badawi
Importance: Cerebral palsy describes the most common physical disability in childhood and occurs in 1 in 500 live births. Historically, the diagnosis has been made between age 12 and 24 months but now can be made before 6 months' corrected age. Objectives: To systematically review best available evidence for early, accurate diagnosis of cerebral palsy and to summarize best available evidence about cerebral palsy-specific early intervention that should follow early diagnosis to optimize neuroplasticity and function...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712852/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-a-review-and-update-in-etiology-and-treatment
#8
Guilherme H Ribeiro, Emanuely S Chrun, Kamile L Dutra, Filipe I Daniel, Liliane J Grando
INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis of the jaws can result either from radiation, used in radiotherapy for treatment of malignant tumors, or medications used for bone remodeling and anti-angiogenesis such as bisphosphonates. These conditions can be associated with triggering factors such as infection, trauma and decreased vascularity. The management of patients with osteonecrosis of the jaws requires caution since there is no specific treatment that acts isolated and decidedly. However, different treatment modalities can be employed in an associated manner to control and stabilize lesions...
June 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712146/a-reversal-of-the-shift-towards-earlier-spring-phenology-in-several-mediterranean-reptiles-and-amphibians-during-the-1998-2013-warming-slowdown
#9
Roger Prodon, Philippe Geniez, Marc Cheylan, Florence Devers, Isabelle Chuine, Aurelien Besnard
Herps, especially amphibians, are particularly susceptible to climate change, since temperature tightly controls many parameters of their biological cycle - above all, their phenology. The timing of herps' activity or migration period - in particular the dates of their first appearance in spring and first breeding - and the shift to earlier dates in response to warming since the last quarter of the 20(th) century has often been described up to now as a nearly monotonic trend towards earlier phenological events...
July 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710539/-treatment-outcomes-of-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-retrospective-analysis-of-juvenile-and-adult-cases-german-version
#10
V-A Papaioannou, A Lux, S Voigt-Zimmermann, C Arens
BACKGROUND: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a rare, chronic disease of viral etiology which is characterized by multiple, recurrent growth of papillomas in the aerodigestive tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The surgical outcomes and the recurrence rates of 106 patients with RRP of the larynx were analyzed. The patients were treated at the University of Magdeburg between 1983 and 2014. The surgical outcomes of conventional and laser surgery regarding time to relapse and complications were compared...
July 14, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709563/the-history-of-atopic-dermatitis
#11
Owen N Kramer, Mark A Strom, Barry Ladizinski, Peter A Lio
Fred Wise (1881-1950) and Marion Sulzberger (1895-1983) are often credited with introducing the term atopic dermatitis to dermatology in 1933. This definition was based on atopy, a term first created by Arthur Coca (1875-1959) and Robert Cooke (1880-1960) in 1923, when they recognized an association between allergic rhinitis and asthma. Despite its recent introduction into our medical lexicon, historical precursors of atopic dermatitis date back to at least as early as 69-140 ce. In this contribution, we highlight both the prominent individuals credited with shaping the disorder into our current interpretation and the suspected historical precursors of this disease and reported treatments...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708883/impact-of-stage-management-and-recurrence-on-survival-rates-in-laryngeal-cancer
#12
Jesper Brandstorp-Boesen, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Morten Boysen, Kjell Brøndbo
A retrospective, longitudinal study of 1,616 patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) at a single center in Norway during 1983-2010 was undertaken to investigate overall survival, disease specific survival, disease-free survival, prognostic factors for overall survival, and impact of recurrence among all-stage laryngeal cancer patients over 15 years' follow-up. The prognostic impact of gender, age, smoking/alcohol, subsite, tumour, node and metastasis staging, period and modality of treatment were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705655/twenty-five-year-survival-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-western-australia
#13
Jenny Bourke, Wendy N Nembhard, Kingsley Wong, Helen Leonard
OBJECTIVES: To investigate survival up to early adulthood for children with intellectual disability and compare their risk of mortality with that of children without intellectual disability. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of all live births in Western Australia between January 1, 1983 and December 31, 2010. Children with an intellectual disability (n = 10 593) were identified from the Western Australian Intellectual Disability Exploring Answers Database...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704772/assessing-the-role-of-bed-sediments-in-the-persistence-of-red-mud-pollution-in-a-shallow-lake-kinghorn-loch-uk
#14
Justyna P Olszewska, Kate V Heal, Ian J Winfield, Lorna J Eades, Bryan M Spears
Red mud is a by-product of alumina production. Little is known about the long-term fate of red mud constituents in fresh waters or of the processes regulating recovery of fresh waters following pollution control. In 1983, red mud leachate was diverted away from Kinghorn Loch, UK, after many years of polluting this shallow and monomictic lake. We hypothesised that the redox-sensitive constituents of red mud leachate, phosphorus (P), arsenic (As) and vanadium (V), would persist in the Kinghorn Loch for many years following pollution control as a result of cycling between the lake bed sediment and the overlying water column...
July 5, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697110/risk-of-subsequent-ovarian-cancer-after-ovarian-conservation-in-young-women-with-stage-i-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer
#15
Koji Matsuo, Hiroko Machida, Rebecca L Stone, Pamela T Soliman, Premal H Thaker, Lynda D Roman, Jason D Wright
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cumulative incidence of subsequent ovarian cancer among young women with stage I endometrioid endometrial cancer who had ovarian conservation at surgical treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study examined the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program to identify women aged younger than 50 years who underwent hysterectomy with ovarian conservation for stage I endometrioid endometrial cancer between 1983 and 2013. Time-dependent risk of ovarian cancer diagnosed during the follow-up after endometrial cancer diagnosis was examined...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696792/direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-and-orphan-drug-development
#16
Matthew Mason, James Levenson, John Quillin
Since the introduction of the Orphan Drug Act (ODA) in 1983, orphan drug approvals in the United States have jumped from <100 per decade to over 200 per year. This growth is widely attributed to the financial incentives the ODA gives to companies that develop these medicines, and it is likely to continue for a unique reason: partnerships between pharmaceutical firms and direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing companies. This emerging trend is the subject of this article, which begins by considering how rare-disease drugs are regulated and the rising interest in nonclinical genetic testing...
July 11, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695154/the-role-of-minority-stressors-in-lesbian-relationship-commitment-and-persistence-over-time
#17
Renzo J Barrantes, Asia A Eaton, Cindy B Veldhuis, Tonda L Hughes
The Investment Model of relationship commitment uses interpersonal investment, relationship satisfaction, quality of alternatives, and commitment to predict relationship longevity (Rusbult, 1980, 1983). Although ample support for the Investment Model has been found in heterosexual couples, it appears to be less powerful in predicting stability in same-sex relationships (Beals, Impett, & Peplau, 2002), potentially because the model does not account for factors unique to same-sex relationships, such as anti-gay discrimination...
June 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693512/a-prospective-quantitative-study-of-mental-health-act-assessments-in-england-following-the-2007-amendments-to-the-1983-act-did-the-changes-fulfill-their-promise
#18
Swaran P Singh, Moli Paul, Helen Parsons, Tom Burns, Peter Tyrer, Seena Fazel, Shoumitro Deb, Zoebia Islam, Jorun Rugkåsa, Ruchika Gajwani, Lavanya Thana, Michael J Crawford
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 2007 amendments to the MHA 1983 were implemented in England and Wales. The amendments were intended to remove perceived obstacles to the detention of high risk patients with personality disorders (PDs), sexual deviance and learning disabilities (LDs). The AMEND study aimed to test the hypothesis that the implementation of these changes would lead to an increase in numbers or proportions of patients with these conditions who would be assessed and detained under the MHA 2007...
July 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693049/hybrid-repair-techniques-for-complex-aneurysms-and-dissections-involving-the-aortic-arch-and-thoracic-aorta
#19
Rami Tadros, Scott R Safir, Peter L Faries, Daniel K Han, Rajiv K Chander, James F McKinsey, Michael L Marin, Allan S Stewart, Sharif Ellozy
Aortic aneurysms involving the ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending thoracic aorta have been a challenging entity to surgically treat for over 60 years. Despite the mortality of the disease, early open surgical procedures also had significant morbidity and mortality. The inherent risk in treating multiple anatomic segments simultaneously led to the innovation of the staged elephant trunk (ET) approach by Borst in 1983. To avoid the thoracotomy and associated complications related to the second stage of the procedure, an endovascular completion paradigm was begun by Volodos in 1991...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693007/dr-bibbo-s-presidential-address-on-automation-in-cytology-were-her-predictions-right-wrong-or-somewhere-in-the-middle
#20
David C Wilbur
In 1983, Dr. Marluce Bibbo gave the Presidential Address at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Cytology in Denver, CO, USA. The lecture was entitled "Analytic and Quantitative Cytology," a field in which Dr. Bibbo was intimately involved. In the presentation, she included a summary of 30 years of work already accomplished, the present state of the art, and musings about issues encountered, potential resolutions, progress that needed to be made, and her perception of how the field needed to evolve in order to become ultimately successful as a clinical service...
July 11, 2017: Acta Cytologica
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