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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530156/care-arrangements-in-dementia-care-networks
#1
Franziska Laporte Uribe, Karin Wolf-Ostermann, Markus Wübbeler, Bernhard Holle
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to describe care arrangements for persons with dementia (PwDs) who are living at home with the support of a dementia care network (DCN). METHOD: Data on the utilization of formal and informal support were collected in face-to-face interviews at baseline and 1-year follow-up with PwDs and caregivers receiving support from 1 of 13 DCNs. RESULTS: Men with dementia were supported by twice as many informal caregivers as women (2 vs...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530077/-the-illegal-synthetic-cannabinoid-drug-market-in-israel-evolution-and-new-challenges
#2
Barak Shapira, Alina Poperno, Ronny Berkovitz
This article represents a short review of the current knowledge on the abuse of synthetic cannabinoids from the perspective of the Division of Enforcement and Inspection of the Israeli Ministry of Health - a body in charge of providing professional assistance to law enforcement bodies in the fields of drug abuse. We describe the principal changes observed in the synthetic cannabinoid market and the Israeli legislators' and enforcement bodies' attempts to cope with these phenomena. These changes relate to the types of synthetic cannabinoids being trafficked, with many structural variations between substances, and a new legal framework which allows for the rapid, temporary scheduling of synthetic cannabinoids using both individual and generic definitions...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529537/a-web-based-tool-for-automatic-data-collection-curation-and-visualization-of-complex-healthcare-survey-studies-including-social-network-analysis
#3
José Alberto Benítez, José Emilio Labra, Enedina Quiroga, Vicente Martín, Isaías García, Pilar Marqués-Sánchez, Carmen Benavides
There is a great concern nowadays regarding alcohol consumption and drug abuse, especially in young people. Analyzing the social environment where these adolescents are immersed, as well as a series of measures determining the alcohol abuse risk or personal situation and perception using a number of questionnaires like AUDIT, FAS, KIDSCREEN, and others, it is possible to gain insight into the current situation of a given individual regarding his/her consumption behavior. But this analysis, in order to be achieved, requires the use of tools that can ease the process of questionnaire creation, data gathering, curation and representation, and later analysis and visualization to the user...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528208/mentoring-interventions-and-the-impact-of-protective-assets-on-the-reproductive-health-of-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#4
REVIEW
Kate F Plourde, Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Donna R McCarraher
Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS and other negative reproductive health (RH) outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that programs to build AGYW's assets can help reduce their vulnerability to poor RH. Mentoring interventions have demonstrated a positive impact on a variety of youth development outcomes, including the protective assets needed to circumvent poor RH outcomes. The purpose of this review was to understand the types of mentoring programs for AGYW that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving protective assets, and/or, RH knowledge, intentions, behaviors, or outcomes themselves...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#5
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#6
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527377/fishing-for-leadership-the-role-diversification-plays-in-facilitating-change-agents
#7
Joshua S Stoll
Leadership is often viewed as being critical to successful natural resource management. This research focuses on a set of leaders identified through a social network analysis of fishers in a rural coastal region. Leaders' connections to different fisheries are evaluated, and these actors are found to be significantly more diversified than other fishers in the area. Drawing on theory related to institutional entrepreneurship and a series of in-depth interviews with these actors, this paper puts forward several hypotheses to explain how diverse social-ecological connections facilitate leadership...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527098/mediating-effects-of-social-support-on-quality-of-life-for-parents-of-adults-with-autism
#8
Christina N Marsack, Preethy S Samuel
The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effect of formal and informal social support on the relationship of caregiver burden and quality of life (QOL), using a sample of 320 parents (aged 50 or older) of adult children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Multiple linear regression and mediation analyses indicated that caregiver burden had a negative impact on QOL and that informal social support partially mediated the relationship between caregiver burden and parents' QOL. Formal social support did not mediate the relationship between caregiver burden and QOL...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526822/shortest-paths-in-multiplex-networks
#9
Saeed Ghariblou, Mostafa Salehi, Matteo Magnani, Mahdi Jalili
The shortest path problem is one of the most fundamental networks optimization problems. Nowadays, individuals interact in extraordinarily numerous ways through their offline and online life (e.g., co-authorship, co-workership, or retweet relation in Twitter). These interactions have two key features. First, they have a heterogeneous nature, and second, they have different strengths that are weighted based on their degree of intimacy, trustworthiness, service exchange or influence among individuals. These networks are known as multiplex networks...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#10
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526666/a-smart-toy-to-enhance-the-decision-making-process-at-children-s-psychomotor-delay-screenings-a-pilot-study
#11
María Angeles Gutiérrez García, María Luisa Martín Ruiz, Diego Rivera, Laura Vadillo, Miguel Angel Valero Duboy
BACKGROUND: EDUCERE ("Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders") is an ecosystem for ubiquitous detection, care, and early stimulation of children with developmental disorders. The objectives of this Spanish government-funded research and development project are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#13
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525781/sleep-waves-and-recovery-from-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-towards-a-rhythm-analysis-of-sleep-in-residential-treatment
#14
Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Joanne Neale
This paper reports on a study of sleep amongst men and women who are living in residential rehabilitation centres in the UK and who are receiving support for their recovery from addiction to alcohol and other forms of substance use. Conceptually and methodologically, the paper draws on the work of the French sociologist Lefebvre and, in particular, his rhythmanalysis. We argue that this approach offers a useful way of exploring sleep in terms of biological, experiential, temporal, spatial and social rhythms...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525565/social-network-clustering-of-sexual-violence-experienced-by-adolescent-girls
#15
Holly B Shakya, Christopher J Fariss, Christopher Ojeda, Anita Raj, Elizabeth Reed
We used data on 3139 girl social network friendship dyads from 3 waves (Waves I 1994-1995, II 1996, and IV 2007-2008), of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to assess whether friends' reports of Sexual Violence (SV) and friends' substance use risk scores predict adolescent and young adult SV. Longitudinal analyses also tested the association of Wave I/II risk factors with Wave IV reports of SV, and Wave I/II SV with network connectivity at Wave II. Adjusting for her own substance use, each one-point increase in a friend's substance use score increased a respondent's odds of SV by 1...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524896/distress-screening-evaluating-a-protocol-for-gynecologic-cancer-survivors%C3%A2
#16
Cynae Johnson, Marshalee George, Amanda N Fader
BACKGROUND: A gynecologic cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatment may cause significant morbidity, leading to increased distress levels and poorer quality of life (QOL) for survivors. Clinicians have explored opportunities to integrate comprehensive distress management protocols into clinical settings using existing supportive care resources.
. OBJECTIVES: The aims were to improve multidisciplinary management of distress using a clinical pathway for gynecologic cancer survivors and to improve patient satisfaction with distress management...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523603/engagement-compliance-and-retention-with-a-gamified-online-social-networking-physical-activity-intervention
#17
Jillian Ryan, Sarah Edney, Carol Maher
Health behaviour interventions delivered via online social networks are an increasingly popular approach to addressing lifestyle-related health problems. However, research to date consistently reports poor user engagement and retention. The current study examined user engagement, compliance and retention with Active Team-a gamified physical activity intervention delivered by via an online Facebook application. Associations between engagement and participant (n = 51) demographic and team characteristics (sex, age, education and team size) were examined, as well as temporal trends in engagement during the 50-day intervention...
May 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523205/2016-year-in-review-of-clinical-and-consumer-informatics-analysis-and-visualization-of-keywords-and-topics
#18
REVIEW
Hyeoun-Ae Park, Joo Yun Lee, Jeongah On, Ji Hyun Lee, Hyesil Jung, Seul Ki Park
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review and visualize the medical informatics field over the previous 12 months according to the frequencies of keywords and topics in papers published in the top four journals in the field and in Healthcare Informatics Research (HIR), an official journal of the Korean Society of Medical Informatics. METHODS: A six-person team conducted an extensive review of the literature on clinical and consumer informatics. The literature was searched using keywords employed in the American Medical Informatics Association year-in-review process and organized into 14 topics used in that process...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522735/d3-receptors-regulate-excitability-in-a-unique-class-of-prefrontal-pyramidal-cell
#19
Rebecca L Clarkson, Alayna T Liptak, Steven M Gee, Vikaas S Sohal, Kevin J Bender
The D3 dopamine receptor, a member of the Gi-coupled D2-family of dopamine receptors, is expressed throughout limbic circuits affected in neuropsychiatric disorders, including prefrontal cortex. These receptors are important for prefrontal executive function, as pharmacological and genetic manipulations that affect prefrontal D3 receptors alter anxiety, social interaction, and reversal learning. And yet, the mechanisms by which D3 receptors regulate prefrontal circuits, and whether D3 receptors regulate specific prefrontal subnetworks, remain unknown...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522533/a-dedicated-network-for-social-interaction-processing-in-the-primate-brain
#20
J Sliwa, W A Freiwald
Primate cognition requires interaction processing. Interactions can reveal otherwise hidden properties of intentional agents, such as thoughts and feelings, and of inanimate objects, such as mass and material. Where and how interaction analyses are implemented in the brain is unknown. Using whole-brain functional magnetic resonance imaging in macaque monkeys, we discovered a network centered in the medial and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex that is exclusively engaged in social interaction analysis. Exclusivity of specialization was found for no other function anywhere in the brain...
May 19, 2017: Science
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