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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737424/facilitator-and-participant-use-of-facebook-in-a-community-based-intervention-for-parents-the-infant-extend-program
#1
Katherine L Downing, Karen J Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites such as Facebook afford new opportunities for behavior-change interventions. Although often used as a recruitment tool, few studies have reported the use of Facebook as an intervention component to facilitate communication between researchers and participants. The aim of this study was to examine facilitator and participant use of a Facebook component of a community-based intervention for parents. METHODS: First-time parent groups participating in the intervention arm of the extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program were invited to join their own private Facebook group...
July 24, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737360/-capacity-of-response-of-the-health-system-to-the-expectations-of-populations-in-zones-exposed-to-results-based-financing-in-benin-in-2015
#2
Lamidhi Salami, Edgard-Marius Dona Ouendo, Benjamin Fayomi
Introduction: The increased use of results-based financing (RBF) services was the basis for this study designed to evaluate the contribution of RBF to the capacity of response of the health system to the population’s expectations. Methods: This study, conducted in six Benin health zones randomly selected in two strata exposed to RBF (FBR_PRPSS and FBR_PASS) and one zone not exposed to RBF (Non_FBR), examined the seven dimensions of reactivity. A score, followed by weighting of their attributes, was used to calculate the index of reactivity (IR)...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736874/the-impact-of-changes-in-china-s-family-patterns-on-family-pension-functions
#3
Su Zhongxin, Hu Zhan, Peng Xizhe
Using data from the Chinese census and the China Statistical Yearbook, this paper will analyze the historical changes and future trends of family households in China over the past 30 years and explore the changes of family pension functions and corresponding policies. Our analysis yielded 3 notable results. First, in family size miniaturization and structural simplification, 1- and 2-generation family households are the main body of contemporary China. Second, for family aging and changes in living patterns, which primarily manifest as an increase in; the proportion of elderly households and in middle-aged and elderly people in the family, the elderly model and the "multigenerational model" have become the 2 major residence models for the elderly in China...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736772/on-quantifying-diffusion-of-health-information-on-twitter
#4
Gokhan Bakal, Ramakanth Kavuluru
With the increasing use of digital technologies, online social networks are emerging as major means of communication. Recently, social networks such as Facebook and Twitter are also being used by consumers, care providers (physicians, hospitals), and government agencies to share health related information. The asymmetric user network and the short message size have made Twitter particularly popular for propagating health related content on the Web. Besides tweeting on their own, users can choose to retweet particular tweets from other users (even if they do not follow them on Twitter...
February 2017: IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736584/secondary-metabolites-from-the-leaves-of-the-medicinal-plant-goldenseal-hydrastis-canadensis
#5
Martha Leyte-Lugo, Emily R Britton, Daniel H Foil, Adam R Brown, Daniel A Todd, José Rivera-Chávez, Nicholas H Oberlies, Nadja B Cech
The study presented herein constitutes an extensive investigation of constituents in Hydrastis canadensis L. (Ranunculaceae) leaves. It describes the isolation and identification of two previously unknown compounds, 3,4-dimethoxy-2-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid (1) and 3,5,3'-trihydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxy-6,8-C-dimethyl-flavone (2), along with the known compounds (±)-chilenine (3), (2R)-5,4'-dihydroxy-6-C-methyl-7-methoxy-flavanone (4), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,8-di-C-methyl-7-methoxy-flavanone (5), noroxyhydrastinine (6), oxyhydrastinine (7) and 4',5'-dimethoxy-4-methyl-3'-oxo-(1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-4H-1,3-dioxolo-[4',5':4,5]-benzo[1,2-e]-1,2-oxazocin)-2-spiro-1'-phtalan (8)...
June 2017: Phytochemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736534/self-organizing-complex-networks-individual-versus-global-rules
#6
Korosh Mahmoodi, Bruce J West, Paolo Grigolini
We introduce a form of Self-Organized Criticality (SOC) inspired by the new generation of evolutionary game theory, which ranges from physiology to sociology. The single individuals are the nodes of a composite network, equivalent to two interacting subnetworks, one leading to strategy choices made by the individuals under the influence of the choices of their nearest neighbors and the other measuring the Prisoner's Dilemma Game payoffs of these choices. The interaction between the two networks is established by making the imitation strength K increase or decrease according to whether the last two payoffs increase or decrease upon increasing or decreasing K...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736465/network-indicators-of-the-social-ecology-of-adolescents-in-relative-and-non-relative-foster-households
#7
Jennifer Blakeslee, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Paul Sorenson, Lew Bank
Though the presence, composition, and quality of social relationships-particularly as found in family networks-has an important influence on adolescent well-being, little is known about the social ecology of youth in foster care. This study examined the social networks of foster youth participating in a large RCT of an intervention for siblings in foster care. Youth reported on the people they lived with and the relatives they were in contact with, which provided indicators of network size, composition, and relationship quality...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736200/the-web-and-public-confidence-in-mmr-vaccination-in-italy
#8
Francesco Aquino, Gabriele Donzelli, Emanuela De Franco, Gaetano Privitera, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Annalaura Carducci
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination coverage in Italy has been decreasing starting from 2012 and, at the present, none of the Italian regions has achieved the goal of 95% coverage target. A decision of the Court of Justice of Rimini in March 2012 that awarded vaccine-injury compensation for a case of autism has been indicated as a probable trigger event leading to a reduction of vaccine confidence in Italy. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between MMR vaccination coverage to online search trends and social network activity on the topic "autism and MMR vaccine", during the period 2010-2015...
July 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736171/northern-elephant-seals-memorize-the-rhythm-and-timbre-of-their-rivals-voices
#9
Nicolas Mathevon, Caroline Casey, Colleen Reichmuth, Isabelle Charrier
The evolutionary origin of rhythm perception, a cognitive ability essential to musicality, remains unresolved [1-5]. The ability to perceive and memorize rhythmic sounds is widely shared among humans [6] but seems rare among other mammals [7, 8]. Although the perception of temporal metrical patterns has been found in a few species, this ability has only been demonstrated through behavioral training [9] (but see [10] for an example of spontaneous tempo coordination in a bonobo), and there is no experimental evidence to indicate its biological function...
July 18, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735830/-i-just-googled-and-read-everything-exploring-breast-cancer-survivors-use-of-the-internet-to-find-information-on-complementary-medicine
#10
Michelle M Holmes, Felicity L Bishop, Lynn Calman
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors often turn to the internet as an information resource when deciding whether to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) but their use of online CAM-related resources is poorly understood. The objective was to explore breast cancer survivors' use of the internet when making decisions about CAM use. DESIGN: A purposive sample of 11 breast cancer survivors (mean age=56) completed a quantitative questionnaire and a qualitative telephone interview...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735708/brain-and-social-networks-fundamental-building-blocks-of-human-experience
#11
REVIEW
Emily B Falk, Danielle S Bassett
How do brains shape social networks, and how do social ties shape the brain? Social networks are complex webs by which ideas spread among people. Brains comprise webs by which information is processed and transmitted among neural units. While brain activity and structure offer biological mechanisms for human behaviors, social networks offer external inducers or modulators of those behaviors. Together, these two axes represent fundamental contributors to human experience. Integrating foundational knowledge from social and developmental psychology and sociology on how individuals function within dyads, groups, and societies with recent advances in network neuroscience can offer new insights into both domains...
July 20, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735643/disrupted-relationship-between-resting-state-connectivity-and-task-evoked-activity-during-social-perception-in-schizophrenia
#12
Sjoerd J H Ebisch, Vittorio Gallese, Anatolia Salone, Giovanni Martinotti, Giuseppe di Iorio, Dante Mantini, Mauro Gianni Perrucci, Gian Luca Romani, Massimo Di Giannantonio, Georg Northoff
Schizophrenia has been described as a self-disorder, whereas social deficits are key features of the illness. Changes in "resting state" activity of brain networks involved in self-related processing have been consistently reported in schizophrenia, but their meaning for social perception deficits remains poorly understood. Here, we applied a novel approach investigating the relationship between task-evoked neural activity during social perception and functional organization of self-related brain networks during a "resting state"...
July 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734196/on-status-epilepticus-and-pins-a-systematic-content-analysis
#13
Naim Mahroum, Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Howard Amital, Kassem Sharif, Samaa Watad, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Francesco Brigo, Mohammad Adawi
Status epilepticus (SE) can be defined as abnormally prolonged, persistent, or recurrent clinical and/or electrographic epileptic activity and, as such, is a challenging medical emergency requiring an aggressive treatment aimed at promptly terminating the seizures. It imposes a relevant clinical burden, both in terms of comorbidity and mortality. In the era of the Web 2.0, most people search the Web to obtain SE-related information. The current investigation aimed at qualitatively characterizing the pins related to SE: Pinterest, "the world's catalog of ideas", is a visual social networking site that enables users to freely upload visual material, to bookmark, and to share it (repin)...
July 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734128/the-experience-of-initiating-injection-drug-use-and-its-social-context-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#14
REVIEW
Andy Guise, Danielle Horyniak, Jason Melo, Ryan McNeill, Dan Werb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the experience of initiating injection drug use and its social contexts is crucial to inform efforts to prevent transitions into this mode of drug consumption and support harm reduction. We systematically reviewed and synthesized existing qualitative scientific literature to identify the socio-structural contexts for, and experiences of, the initiation of injection drug use. METHODS: We systematically searched six databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL, IBSS, and SSCI), along with a manual search, including of key journals and subject experts...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733921/social-support-networks-and-hiv-sti-risk-behaviors-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-new-receiving-environment
#15
Meghan D Althoff, Katherine Theall, Norine Schmidt, John Hembling, Hirut T Gebrekristos, Michelle M Thompson, Stephen Q Muth, Samuel R Friedman, Patricia Kissinger
The objectives of this study were to: (1) describe the quantity and quality of social support networks of Latino immigrants living in a new receiving environment, and (2) determine the role such networks play in their HIV/STI risk behaviors, including substance use. Double incentivized convenience sampling was used to collect egocentric social support network data on 144 Latino immigrants. Latent class analysis was used for data reduction and to identify items best suited to measure quality and quantity of social support...
July 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733673/emergence-of-hysteresis-loop-in-social-contagions-on-complex-networks
#16
Zhen Su, Wei Wang, Lixiang Li, Jinghua Xiao, H Eugene Stanley
Understanding the spreading mechanisms of social contagions in complex network systems has attracted much attention in the physics community. Here we propose a generalized threshold model to describe social contagions. Using extensive numerical simulations and theoretical analyses, we find that a hysteresis loop emerges in the system. Specifically, the steady state of the system is sensitive to the initial conditions of the dynamics of the system. In the steady state, the adoption size increases discontinuously with the transmission probability of information about social contagions, and trial size exhibits a non-monotonic pattern, i...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731883/the-effects-on-children-s-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-of-a-psychoeducational-program-for-families-living-with-parental-cancer-and-their-network-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#17
May Aasebø Hauken, Mariana Pereira, Mette Senneseth
BACKGROUND: Families living with parental cancer report lack of social support. The Cancer PEPSONE Program (CPP) was developed to bridge the gap between the families and their network. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to study the effect of the CPP on children's anxiety and quality of life (QOL) and examine the association between the CPP's effect on their well parents' received social support, QOL, and psychological distress and the children's anxiety and QOL...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731796/bees-without-flowers-before-peak-bloom-diverse-native-bees-find-insect-produced-honeydew-sugars
#18
Joan M Meiners, Terry L Griswold, David J Harris, S K Morgan Ernest
Bee foragers respond to complex visual, olfactory, and extrasensory cues to optimize searches for floral rewards. Their abilities to detect and distinguish floral colors, shapes, volatiles, and ultraviolet signals and even gauge nectar availability from changes in floral humidity or electric fields are well studied. Bee foraging behaviors in the absence of floral cues, however, are rarely considered. We observed 42 species of wild bees visiting inconspicuous, nonflowering shrubs during early spring in a protected Mediterranean habitat...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#19
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730892/a-systematic-review-of-peer-mentoring-interventions-for-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Richard Pg Morris, Joanna C Fletcher-Smith, Kathryn A Radford
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review sought evidence concerning the effectiveness of peer mentoring for people with traumatic brain injury. DATA SOURCES: Fourteen electronic databases were searched, including PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library, from inception to September 21 2016. Ten grey literature databases, PROSPERO, two trials registers, reference lists and author citations were also searched. REVIEW METHODS: Studies which employed a model of one-to-one peer mentoring between traumatic brain injury survivors were included...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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