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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786182/-medicine-and-nephrology-from-social-networks
#1
Vincenzo Montinaro, Francesca Cianciotta, Vincenza Colucci, Giuseppina D'Ettorre, Pasquale Gallo, Marica Gilberti, Enrica Gintoli, Silvia Matino, Umberto Mercurio, Adriano Montinaro, Chiara Villani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785777/paradoxical-effect-of-baclofen-on-social-behavior-in-the-fragile-x-syndrome-mouse-model
#2
Shimriet Zeidler, Andreea S Pop, Israa A Jaafar, Helen de Boer, Ronald A M Buijsen, Celine E F de Esch, Ingeborg Nieuwenhuizen-Bakker, Renate K Hukema, Rob Willemsen
INTRODUCTION: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common monogenetic cause of intellectual disability, autism spectrum features, and a broad range of other psychiatric and medical problems. FXS is caused by the lack of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), a translational regulator of specific mRNAs at the postsynaptic compartment. The absence of FMRP leads to aberrant synaptic plasticity, which is believed to be caused by an imbalance in excitatory and inhibitory network functioning of the synapse...
April 26, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785724/social-transmission-of-false-memory-in-small-groups-and-large-networks
#3
Raeya Maswood, Suparna Rajaram
Sharing information and memories is a key feature of social interactions, making social contexts important for developing and transmitting accurate memories and also false memories. False memory transmission can have wide-ranging effects, including shaping personal memories of individuals as well as collective memories of a network of people. This paper reviews a collection of key findings and explanations in cognitive research on the transmission of false memories in small groups. It also reviews the emerging experimental work on larger networks and collective false memories...
May 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785319/a-multi-faceted-pandemic-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge-on-the-zika-virus
#4
REVIEW
Anneliese Depoux, Aline Philibert, Serge Rabier, Henri-Jean Philippe, Arnaud Fontanet, Antoine Flahault
While until recently the small and isolated Zika outbreaks in Eastern Asia and Pacific islands had been overlooked, the large-scale outbreak that started in Brazil in 2015 and the increase of microcephaly cases in the same place and time made media headlines. Considered as harmless until recently, Zika has given rise to an important global crisis that poses not only health challenges but also environmental, economical, social, and ethical challenges for states and people around the world. The main objective of this paper is to review the recent Zika outbreak by covering a broad range of disciplines and their interactions...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783883/relocation-and-network-turnover-in-later-life-how-distance-moved-and-functional-health-are-linked-to-a-changing-social-convoy
#5
Philip J Badawy, Markus H Schafer, Haosen Sun
Life-course transitions among older adults often produce a reshuffling of social network members. Moving is a common experience for U.S. seniors, but relatively little is known about how core networks change amid the relocation process. Drawing on longitudinal data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, the present study examines how late-life moving is associated with changes to network size and the loss and gain of particular network members. We find that when older adults undertake a long-distance move, they tend to add more family to their core network-yet this is moderated by their initial level of functional health...
January 1, 2018: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783253/planning-of-effective-evaluation-of-the-activities-of-hospital-district-at-the-example-of-poltava-region
#6
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Valentyn M Dvornyk, Viktor P Lysak, Igor M Skrypnyk, Valeriy I Pokhylko, Iryna A Holovanova, Inna V Bielikova, Maxim V Khorosh, Ludmila M Shylkina, Mariya M Tovstiak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Increasing of the availability and quality of health care in rural areas is one of the priority directions of public health and regional development policy. The need for reforming of the network of secondary health care facilities is due to the fact, that they are unable to meet the needs of the population in this specialized type of medical care in the conditions of the existing structure and funding system. The aim: to analyze the existing legislation regulating the establishment and operation of hospital districts; to determine the methodology for monitoring and evaluating of the activity of the hospital district on the example of the Poltava region...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782585/exploring-transformations-in-caribbean-indigenous-social-networks-through-visibility-studies-the-case-of-late-pre-colonial-landscapes-in-east-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#7
Tom Brughmans, Maaike S de Waal, Corinne L Hofman, Ulrik Brandes
This paper presents a study of the visual properties of natural and Amerindian cultural landscapes in late pre-colonial East-Guadeloupe and of how these visual properties affected social interactions. Through a review of descriptive and formal visibility studies in Caribbean archaeology, it reveals that the ability of visual properties to affect past human behaviour is frequently evoked but the more complex of these hypotheses are rarely studied formally. To explore such complex hypotheses, the current study applies a range of techniques: total viewsheds, cumulative viewsheds, visual neighbourhood configurations and visibility networks...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782576/self-represented-witnessing-the-use-of-social-media-by-asylum-seekers-in-australia-s-offshore-immigration-detention-centres
#8
Maria Rae, Rosa Holman, Amy Nethery
The act of witnessing connects audiences with distant suffering. But what happens when bearing witness becomes severely restricted? External parties, including the mainstream news media, are constrained from accessing Australia's offshore immigration detention centres. The effect is that people seeking asylum are hidden from the public and excluded from national debates. Some detainees have adopted social media as a platform to communicate their stories of flight, and their experiences of immigration detention, to a wider audience...
May 2018: Media, culture, and society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781895/psychological-community-integration-of-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#9
Rohini Pahwa, Liat Kriegel
As different facets of community integration as well as psychological and social integration are important dimensions of recovery for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). The primary aim of the study was to explore psychological integration for individuals with SMI into the mental health and mainstream (i.e., non-mental health) communities and its association with their social integration into both communities. The study used self-report and egocentric social network data from 60 individuals with SMI receiving community-based mental health services...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781881/individual-and-network-factors-associated-with-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-among-nigerian-msm-accessing-healthcare-services
#10
Habib O Ramadhani, Nicaise Ndembi, Rebecca G Nowak, Uchenna Ononaku, Jerry Gwamna, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Sylvia Adebajo, Trevor A Crowell, Hongjie Liu, Stefan D Baral, Julie Ake, Man E Charurat
BACKGROUND: and setting: As data on the determinants of the HIV care continuum from key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM) in resource-limited, settings (RLS) are limited, the study aimed to characterize HIV care continuum outcomes and assess individual and network barriers to progression through the HIV care continuum among MSM in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 study used respondent-driven-sampling to accrue MSM into community-based clinics in Nigeria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781869/utilizing-facebook-and-automated-telephone-calls-to-increase-adoption-of-a-local-smoke-alarm-installation-program
#11
Shannon Frattaroli, Eric Schulman, Eileen M McDonald, Elise C Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Vanya Jones, William Brewer
CONTEXT: Innovative strategies are needed to improve the prevalence of working smoke alarms in homes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as population-level strategies to encourage an injury prevention behavior. OBJECTIVE: We examine the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as strategies to enroll individuals in Baltimore City's Fire Department's free smoke alarm installation program...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781791/the-facilitators-and-challenges-of-dying-at-home-with-dementia-a-narrative-synthesis
#12
Caroline Mogan, Mari Lloyd-Williams, Karen Harrison Dening, Christopher Dowrick
BACKGROUND: It is reported that, given the right support, most people would prefer to die at home, yet a very small minority of people with dementia do so. At present, knowledge gaps remain on how best to support end-of-life care at home for people with dementia. AIM: To identify and understand the challenges and facilitators of providing end-of-life care at home for people with dementia. DESIGN: Narrative synthesis of qualitative and quantitative data...
June 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781376/immediate-early-gene-activation-throughout-the-brain-is-associated-with-dynamic-changes-in-social-context
#13
Cait M Williamson, Inbal S Klein, Won Lee, James P Curley
Social competence is dependent on successful processing of social context information. The social opportunity paradigm is a methodology in which dynamic shifts in social context are induced through removal of the alpha male in a dominance hierarchy, leading to rapid ascent in the hierarchy of the beta male and of other subordinate males in the social group. In the current study, we use the social opportunity paradigm to determine what brain regions respond to this dynamic change in social context, allowing an individual to recognize the absence of the alpha male and subsequently perform status-appropriate social behaviors...
May 21, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780856/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-for-the-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-chinese-elders-with-low-socioeconomic-status
#14
Raymond Chi-Fai Chui
Objectives: There is limited research on the meaning in life among Chinese elders. This study aims to examine the association among functional disabilities, meaning in life, social network, and quality of life in community-dwelling Chinese elders with low socioeconomic status. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 339 poor community-dwelling Chinese elders aged 60 and above. Results: The results showed that meaning in life and social network were significantly related to quality of life...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780763/-lancerhealth-using-twitter-and-instagram-as-a-tool-in-a-campus-wide-health-promotion-initiative
#15
Sara Santarossa, Sarah J Woodruff
The present study aimed to explore using popular technology that people already have/use as a health promotion tool, in a campus wide social media health promotion initiative, entitled #LancerHealth . During a two-week period the university community was asked to share photos on Twitter and Instagram of What does being healthy on campus look like to you ?, while tagging the image with #LancerHealth . All publically tagged media was collected using the Netlytic software and analysed. Text analysis (N=234 records, Twitter; N=141 records, Instagram) revealed that the majority of the conversation was positive and focused on health and the university...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780339/your-co-author-received-150-citations-pride-but-not-envy-mediates-the-effect-of-system-generated-achievement-messages-on-motivation
#16
Sonja Utz, Nicole L Muscanell
ResearchGate, a social network site for academics, prominently displays the achievements of people one follows ("With 150 new reads, X was the most read author from their institute"). The goal of this paper was to examine the emotional and motivational effects of these system-generated messages, thereby extending prior research on envy-evoking status updates on Facebook to a professional context. We also extend the research on social comparisons and more broadly, on emotional responses elicited by social media...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780204/the-short-term-dynamics-of-peers-and-delinquent-behavior-an-analysis-of-bi-weekly-changes-within-a-high-school-student-network
#17
Frank M Weerman, Pamela Wilcox, Christopher J Sullivan
Objectives: To analyze short-term changes in peer affiliations, offending behavior and routine activities in order to evaluate three different processes: peer selection, peer socialization and situational peer influences. Methods: The short-term longitudinal TEENS study was conducted among a cohort of students from one mid-sized high school in Kentucky, as part of the larger Rural Substance Abuse and Violence Project. The study sample consists of one complete network of 155 ninth graders who completed surveys about their peer affiliations, routine activities and offending behaviors over the course of five waves of data collection during the beginning of the school year...
2018: Journal of Quantitative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780172/a-spatially-integrated-framework-for-assessing-socioecological-drivers-of-carnivore-decline
#18
Nicolás Gálvez, Gurutzeta Guillera-Arroita, Freya A V St John, Elke Schüttler, David W Macdonald, Zoe G Davies
Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation are key threats to the long-term persistence of carnivores, which are also susceptible to direct persecution by people. Integrating natural and social science methods to examine how habitat configuration/quality and human-predator relations may interact in space and time to effect carnivore populations within human-dominated landscapes will help prioritise conservation investment and action effectively.We propose a socioecological modelling framework to evaluate drivers of carnivore decline in landscapes where predators and people coexist...
May 2018: Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779732/music-dance-and-other-art-forms-new-insights-into-the-links-between-hedonia-pleasure-and-eudaimonia-well-being
#19
Eloise A Stark, Peter Vuust, Morten L Kringelbach
For Aristotle, the goal of human life was to live well, to flourish, and to ultimately have a good life. These goals can be conceptualized as "eudaimonia," a concept distinct from "hedonia" (pleasure). Many people would argue that the arts play a large role in their well-being and eudaimonia. Music in particular is a culturally ubiquitous phenomenon which brings joy and social bonding to listeners. Research has given insights into how the "sweet anticipation" of music and other art forms can lead to pleasure, but a full understanding of eudaimonia from the arts is still missing...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779710/comorbidity-network-for-chronic-disease-a-novel-approach-to-understand-type-2-diabetes-progression
#20
Arif Khan, Shahadat Uddin, Uma Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases management outside expensive hospital settings has become a major target for governments, funders and healthcare service providers. It is well known that chronic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) do not occur in isolation, and has a shared aetiology common to many other diseases and disorders. Diabetes Australia reports that it is associated with a myriad of complications, which affect the feet, eyes, kidneys, and cardiovascular health. For instance, nerve damage in the lower limbs affects around 13% of Australians with diabetes, diabetic retinopathy occurs in over 15% of Australians with diabetes, and diabetes is now the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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