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neuropathic pain miRNA

Jens Heyn, Benjamin Luchting, Ludwig C Hinske, Max Hübner, Shahnaz C Azad, Simone Kreth
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that neuropathic pain is a neuro-immune disorder with enhanced activation of the immune system. Recent data provided proof that neuropathic pain patients exhibit increased numbers of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Tregs), which may represent an endogenous attempt to limit inflammation and to reduce pain levels. We here investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying these alterations. METHODS: Our experimental approach includes functional analyses of primary human T cells, 3'-UTR reporter assays, and expression analyses of neuropathic pain patients' samples...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Ghada M El-Lithy, Wesam M El-Bakly, Marwa Matboli, Hadwa A Abd-Alkhalek, Somaia I Masoud, May Hamza
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a common complication of diabetes mellitus that is hardly reversible at the late stages. Since treatment of neuropathic pain is predominantly symptomatic, a prophylactic measure would be useful. Both ibuprofen and L-arginine exert antiallodynic effects on chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced cold allodynia. Furthermore, ibuprofen is effective in CCI-induced mechanical allodynia. The aim of the study was to assess the antiallodynic effect of prophylactic ibuprofen and L-arginine in streptozotocin-induced DN in rats and to further investigate the role of spinal miR-155 and nitric oxide (NO) in this effect...
June 23, 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
M Leinders, N Üçeyler, R A Pritchard, C Sommer, L S Sorkin
Alterations in the neuro-immune balance play a major role in the pathophysiology of chronic neuropathic pain. MicroRNAs (miRNA) can regulate both immune and neuronal processes and may function as master switches in chronic pain development and maintenance. We set out to analyze the role of miR-132-3p, first in patients with peripheral neuropathies and second in an animal model of neuropathic pain. We initially determined miR-132-3p expression by measuring its levels in white blood cells (WBC) of 30 patients and 30 healthy controls and next in sural nerve biopsies of 81 patients with painful or painless inflammatory or non-inflammatory neuropathies based on clinical diagnosis...
September 2016: Experimental Neurology
Mirna Situm, Maja Kolić, Sanja Spoljar
Wound represents a disruption of anathomic and physiologic continuity of the skin. Regarding to the healing process, wounds can be classified as acute or chronic wounds. Quality of life is primarily concerned with the impact of chronic wounds. A wound is considered chronic if healing does not occur within expected period of time regarding to its etiology and localization. Chronic wounds can be classified as typical and atypical. The majority of wounds (95 percent) are typical ones which include ischaemic, neurotrophic and hypostatic ulcer and two separate entities: diabetic foot and decubital ulcers...
March 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
Li Xia, Yunlong Zhang, Tieli Dong
Neuropathic pain results in considerable trouble to people's physical and mental health. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying its occurrence and development remain unclear. A large number of experiments show that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a major role in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain and neuroinflammation resulting from nerve injury. Among various miRNAs, microRNA-221 (miR-221) overexpression has been reported in a chronic constrictive injury (CCI)-induced rat model of neuropathic pain. However, the role of miR-221 in the regulation of neuropathic pain is unknown...
July 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Naosuke Hori, Michiko Narita, Akira Yamashita, Hiroshi Horiuchi, Yusuke Hamada, Takashige Kondo, Moe Watanabe, Katsuhide Igarashi, Miho Kawata, Masahiro Shibasaki, Mitsuaki Yamazaki, Naoko Kuzumaki, Eiichi Inada, Takahiro Ochiya, Masako Iseki, Tomohisa Mori, Minoru Narita
A multiplex analysis for profiling the expression of candidate microRNAs (miRNAs), which are small noncoding RNAs that function as key post-transcriptional regulators, may lead to a better understanding of the complex machinery of neuropathic pain. In the present study, we performed a miRNA array analysis using tissues of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), a primary site for pain processing, obtained from mice with partial sciatic nerve ligation. Among 1135 total miRNAs, 26 miRNAs showed up-regulation (more than 2-fold change) and only 4 miRNAs showed down-regulation (less than 0...
August 2016: Synapse
Casey O Ligon, Rachel D Moloney, Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld
Chronic pain is a multifaceted and complex condition. Broadly classified into somatic, visceral, or neuropathic pain, it is poorly managed despite its prevalence. Current drugs used for the treatment of chronic pain are limited by tolerance with long-term use, abuse potential, and multiple adverse side effects. The persistent nature of pain suggests that epigenetic machinery may be a critical factor driving chronic pain. In this review, we discuss the latest insights into epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and microRNAs, and we describe their involvement in the pathophysiology of chronic pain and whether epigenetic modifications could be applied as future therapeutic targets for chronic pain...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Pu Jiangpan, Meng Qingsheng, Yang Zhiwen, Zhu Tao
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is an incurable disease which is defined as a chronic pain caused by a disease or lesion of the nervous systems. Current treatments can provide a long-lasting pain relief only in a very limited number of patients with neuropathic pain. MicroRNA can regulate multiple genes and pathways involved in human diseases. This review focuses on: a) Molecular mechanisms of microRNA biogenesis. b) Targeting, modifications, and delivery of microRNAs. c) Aberrant expression of microRNAs and their potential therapeutic targets in neuropathic pain...
2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Melissa T Manners, Yuzhen Tian, Zhaolan Zhou, Seena K Ajit
Nerve injury induces chronic pain and dysregulation of microRNAs in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Several downregulated microRNAs are predicted to target Mecp2. MECP2 mutations cause Rett syndrome and these patients report decreased pain perception. We confirmed MeCP2 upregulation in DRG following nerve injury and repression of MeCP2 by miRNAs in vitro. MeCP2 regulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and downregulation of MeCP2 by microRNAs decreased Bdnf in vitro. MeCP2 T158A mice exhibited reduced mechanical sensitivity and Mecp2-null and MeCP2 T158A mice have decreased Bdnf in DRG...
2015: FEBS Open Bio
Jizheng Zhang, Hua Zhang, Tingting Zi
The function of microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) in regulating neuropathic pain has attracted increasing attention in recent years. However, the precise mechanism of miRNAs in neuropathic pain remains largely unknown. In the present study, an important role of miR‑141 and its putative target gene, high‑mobility group box‑1 (HMGB1), was demonstrated in a rat model of neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI). The expression of miR‑141 was significantly downregulated in the dorsal root ganglion of rats following CCI surgery...
November 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jörn Lötsch, Ellen Niederberger, Alfred Ultsch
Micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) play a role in pain, based on studies on models of neuropathic or inflammatory pain and clinical evidence. The present analysis made extensive use of computational biology, knowledge discovery methods, publicly available databases and data mining tools to merge results from genetic and miRNA research into an analysis of the systems biological roles of miRNAs in pain. We identified that about one-third of miRNAs detected through nociceptive research have been associated with a mere 18 regulated genes...
November 2015: Human Genetics
Elena Neumann, Henning Hermanns, Franziska Barthel, Robert Werdehausen, Timo Brandenburger
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the neuroplastic changes which induce and maintain neuropathic pain. However, it is unknown whether nerve injury leads to altered miRNA expression and modulation of pain relevant target gene expression within peripheral nerves. In the present study, expression profiles of miR-1 and the pain-relevant targets, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Connexin 43 (Cx43), were studied in peripheral neuropathic pain, which was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve in rats...
2015: Molecular Pain
Rehman A Qureshi, Yuzhen Tian, Marguerite K McDonald, Kathryn E Capasso, Sabrina R Douglas, Ruby Gao, Irina A Orlova, James E Barrett, Seena K Ajit, Ahmet Sacan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) remain stable in circulation and have been identified as potential biomarkers for a variety of conditions. We report miRNA changes in blood from multiple rodent models of pain, including spinal nerve ligation and spared nerve injury models of neuropathic pain; a complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) model of inflammatory pain; and a chemotherapy-induced model of pain using the histone deacetylase inhibitor JNJ-26481585. The effect of celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2-selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, was investigated in the CFA model as proof of principle for assessing the utility of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers in determining treatment response...
July 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Hjalte H Andersen, Meg Duroux, Parisa Gazerani
MicroRNAs have emerged as important biomarkers and modulators of pathophysiological processes including oncogenesis and neurodegeneration. MicroRNAs are found to be involved in the generation and maintenance of pain in animal models of inflammation and neuropathic pain. Recently, microRNA dysregulation has been reported in patients with painful conditions such as complex regional pain syndrome and fibromyalgia. The aim of this study was to assess whether serum microRNA alterations occur during migraine attacks and whether migraine manifests in chronic serum microRNA aberrations...
April 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Qingjuan Gong, Zhenhe Lu, Qiaodong Huang, Lin Ruan, Jinsheng Chen, Ying Liang, Honghua Wang, Yu Yue, Suqin Feng
Neuropathic pain is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes mellitus, one hallmark of which is tactile allodynia. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying tactile allodynia are not well understood. It has been demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are essential regulators of gene expression in the nervous system where they contribute to neuronal plasticity. Thus, in this study, we investigated the differentially expressed microRNAs in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) mice and vehicle controls...
January 9, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yi Tan, Jun Yang, Kai Xiang, Qindong Tan, Qulian Guo
Chronic neuropathic pain is an unfavourable pathological pain characterised by allodynia and hyperalgesia which has brought considerable trouble to people's physical and mental health, but effective therapeutics are still lacking. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been widely studied in the development of neuropathic pain and neuronal inflammation. Among various miRNAs, miR-155 has been widely studied. It is intensively involved in regulating inflammation-associated diseases. However, the role of miR-155 in regulating neuropathic pain development is poorly understood...
March 2015: Neurochemical Research
Mirna Situm, Maja Kolić, Gzim Redzepi, Slavko Antolić
Chronic wounds represent a significant burden to patients, health care professionals and the entire health care system. Regarding the healing process, wounds can be classified as acute or chronic wounds. A wound is considered chronic if healing does not occur within the expected period according to the wound etiology and localization. Chronic wounds can be classified as typical and atypical. The majority of wounds (95 percent) are typical ones, which include ischemic, neurotrophic and hypostatic ulcers and two separate entities: diabetic foot and decubital ulcers...
October 2014: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
Eric R Strickland, Sarah A Woller, Sandra M Garraway, Michelle A Hook, James W Grau, Rajesh C Miranda
Uncontrollable nociceptive stimulation adversely affects recovery in spinally contused rats. Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in altered microRNA (miRNA) expression both at, and distal to the lesion site. We hypothesized that uncontrollable nociception further influences SCI-sensitive miRNAs and associated gene targets, potentially explaining the progression of maladaptive plasticity. Our data validated previously described sensitivity of miRNAs to SCI alone. Moreover, following SCI, intermittent noxious stimulation decreased expression of miR124 in dorsal spinal cord 24 h after stimulation and increased expression of miR129-2 in dorsal, and miR1 in ventral spinal cord at 7 days...
2014: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
Yongming Xu, Xin Zhang, Shaofeng Pu, Junzhen Wu, Yingying Lv, Dongping Du
The mechanisms of chronic neuropathic pain are not clear. Serum microRNAs (miRNAs) might show a special feature for chronic nervous lesions. However, little is known about the changes in circulating miRNAs for the neuropathic pain. Therefore, changes in the circulating miRNAs expression profile for the neuropathic pain were investigated. Serum was collected from rats before and after spinal nerve ligation (SNL) surgery, and a microarray analysis was performed to determine the changes in miRNA expression profile...
November 2014: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Daigo Ikegami, Akira Yamashita, Minoru Narita
Recent human brain imaging studies have examined differences in activity in the nucleus accumbens (N.Acc.) in response to heat stimuli between controls and patients with chronic pain, and have revealed that the N.Acc. plays a role in predicting the value of a noxious stimulus and its offset, and in the consequent changes in the motivational state. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms of change in the circuitry involved in emotion and motivation in response to chronic pain stimuli were not fully explored. On the other hand, it has been considered that micro RNAs (miRNAs) play important roles as key modulators of post-transcriptional gene expression...
November 2013: Nihon Shinkei Seishin Yakurigaku Zasshi, Japanese Journal of Psychopharmacology
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