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Glomerulonephritis.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646482/clinical-serological-and-histological-determinants-of-patient-and-renal-outcome-in-anca-associated-vasculitis-with-renal-involvement-an-analysis-from-a-referral-centre
#1
Matija Crnogorac, Ivica Horvatic, Luka Toric, Danica Galesic Ljubanovic, Miroslav Tisljar, Krešimir Galesic
PURPOSE: To evaluate significance of clinical and histopathological prognostic factors for renal and patient outcome in AAV patient cohort. METHODS: Retrospective study included consecutive patients diagnosed with pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis from January 2003 to December 2013. Primary outcome was combined endpoint patient death or progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Secondary outcomes were patient survival and progression to ESRD (renal survival) singularly and disease relapse...
June 23, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643820/does-wealth-make-health-cherchez-la-renal-replacement-therapy
#2
COMMENT
Maria D Sanchez-Niño, Alberto Ortiz
In this issue of CKJ, McQuarrie et al. have explored the relationship between socioeconomic status and outcomes among Scottish patients with a renal biopsy diagnosis of primary glomerulonephritis. Patients in the lower socioeconomic category had a twofold higher risk of death. No significant differences were observed on progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT), suggesting that overall medical management was appropriate for all socioeconomic categories. The findings are significant since they come from an ethnically homogeneous population with free access to healthcare; they also relate to a specific aetiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) expected to be less dependent on unhealthy lifestyles than other more frequent aetiologies that dominate studies of CKD in general, such as diabetic or hypertensive nephropathy...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640105/glomerulonephritis-and-granulomatous-vasculitis-in-kidney-as-a-complication-of-the-use-of-braf-and-mek-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report
#3
Mehdi Maanaoui, Camille Saint-Jacques, Viviane Gnemmi, Marie Frimat, Arnaud Lionet, Marc Hazzan, Christian Noël, François Provot
RATIONALE: BRAF and MEK inhibitors have significantly improved the prognosis of metastatic melanoma, by inhibiting both the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP-kinase) pathway. They are associated with infrequent adverse kidney events. Most of these are related to the use of BRAF inhibitors and involve interstitial nephritis with acute tubular necrosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a unique case of glomerulonephritis with renal granulomatous vasculitis in a patient diagnosed with metastatic melanoma treated with BRAF and MEK inhibitors...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639628/multiple-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-impact-on-survival-in-patients-with-primary-glomerulonephritis
#4
Emily P McQuarrie, Bruce Mackinnon, Samira Bell, Stewart Fleming, Valerie McNeice, Graham Stewart, Jonathan G Fox, Colin C Geddes
Background: The impact of multiple socio-economic deprivation on patient outcomes in primary renal diseases is unknown. We aimed to assess whether risk of death or requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with primary glomerulonephritis (GN) was higher in patients living in an area of multiple socio-economic deprivation. Methods: Patients undergoing native renal biopsy between 2000 and 2014 were identified. Baseline demographics, postcode at time of biopsy, follow-up blood pressure, proteinuria and time to death or RRT were recorded...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638567/nephrology-key-information-for-internists
#5
Sohail Abdul Salim, Juan A Medaura, Bharat Malhotra, Vishnu Garla, Shradha Ahuja, Nicki Lawson, Amaleswari Pamarthy, Hardik Sonani, Karthik Kovvuru, Venkataraman Palabindala
Hospitalists and primary care physicians encounter renal disease daily. Although most cases of acute kidney injury (AKI) are secondary to dehydration and resolve by giving fluids, many cases of AKI are due to not uncommon but unfamiliar causes needing nephrology evaluation. Common indications to consult a nephrologist on an emergency basis include hyperkalemia or volume overload in end stage renal disease patients (ESRD). Other causes of immediate consultation are cresenteric glomerulonephritis / rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in which renal prognosis of the patient depends on timely intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637300/commercial-rodent-diets-differentially-regulate-autoimmune-glomerulonephritis-epigenetics-and-microbiota-in-mrl-lpr-mice
#6
Michael R Edwards, Rujuan Dai, Bettina Heid, Thomas E Cecere, Deena Khan, Qinghui Mu, Catharine Cowan, Xin M Luo, S Ansar Ahmed
The course and severity of lupus in spontaneous murine lupus models varies among laboratories, which may be due to variations in diet, housing and/or local environmental conditions. In this study, we investigated the influence of common rodent diets while keeping other factors constant. Female lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice were subjected to the same housing conditions and given one of the three diets: Teklad 7013 containing isoflavone rich soy and alfalfa, Harlan 2018 isoflavone rich soy-based diet, or ResearchDiets Inc...
June 15, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636500/the-association-of-rs1047763-and-rs1008898-of-c1galt1-with-iga-nephropathy-risk-a-global-meta-analysis
#7
Ruili Nie, Guixue Cheng, Jin Zhang, Yu Dong, Chen Wang, Jianhua Liu, Xiaosong Qin
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a globally common primary glomerulonephritis characterized by an elevated level of serum IgA and immune complex deposition in the mesangial area. In the serum of patients with IgAN, the hinge region of IgA1 immunoglobulin contains aberrantly glycosylated O-glycans deficient in galactose, which is normally added to the core 1 O-glycan structure by core 1 synthase, glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-beta-galactosyltransferase 1 (C1GALT1), the key enzyme in the process of glycosylation...
June 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634198/the-effect-of-sustained-virological-response-on-the-risk-of-extrahepatic-manifestations-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#8
Parag Mahale, Eric A Engels, Ruosha Li, Harrys A Torres, Lu-Yu Hwang, Eric L Brown, Jennifer R Kramer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Chronic HCV infection is associated with several extrahepatic manifestations (EHMs). Data on the effect of sustained virological response (SVR) on the risk of EHMs are limited. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data of patients from the US Veterans Affairs HCV Clinical Case Registry who had a positive HCV RNA test (10/1999-08/2009). Patients receiving interferon-based antiviral therapy (AVT) were identified. SVR was defined as negative HCV RNA at least 12 weeks after end of AVT...
June 20, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628381/monoclonal-immunoglobulin-associated-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-characterized-by-organized-deposits-of-striated-ultra-substructures-a-case-report
#9
Shigeo Hara, Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi, Tastufumi Oka, Makiko Kusabe, Masayuki Mizui, Kensuke Joh
We herein report the case of a 64-year-old male who presented with progressive glomerulonephritis notable for organized and striated ultra-substructures. The patient was diagnosed with hypertension and proteinuria 3 years prior to admission and subsequently developed nephrotic syndrome and impairment of renal function. Laboratory tests did not reveal any evidence of infections or autoimmune diseases. Monoclonal gammopathy was not detected in serum or urine, although a small population of abnormal plasma cell clones was detected by flow cytometry...
June 19, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627094/-spectrum-of-hepatitis-b-and-renal-involvement
#10
Apurva S Shah, Deepak N Amarapurkar
Renal involvement in hepatitis B occurs in various spectrums and its knowledge is important for clinicians in management of patients. The renal diseases most commonly associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection include membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and Polyarteritis nodosa. The widespread use of hepatitis B vaccination has decreased the incidence of HBV-related renal diseases. The incidence of HBV infection in dialysis patients has significantly decreased over the past few decades due to screening of blood products for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B core antibody, implementation of infection control measures and hepatitis B vaccination...
June 19, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626447/autoimmune-thyroiditis-and-glomerulopathies
#11
REVIEW
Domenico Santoro, Carmela Vadalà, Rossella Siligato, Michele Buemi, Salvatore Benvenga
Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is generally associated with hypothyroidism. It affects ~2% of the female population and 0.2% of the male population. The evidence of thyroid function- and thyroid autoantibody-unrelated microproteinuria in almost half of patients with AIT and sometimes heavy proteinuria as in the nephrotic syndrome point to a link of AIT with renal disease. The most common renal diseases observed in AIT are membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, minimal change disease, IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) vasculitis, and amyloidosis...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626181/long-term-low-density-lipoprotein-apheresis-in-a-patient-with-refractory-idiopathic-membranous-glomerulonephritis
#12
Junko Yabuuchi, Tatsuya Suwabe, Hiroki Mizuno, Toshiharu Ueno, Junichi Hoshino, Akinari Sekine, Masahiro Kawada, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Kenmei Takaichi, Takeshi Fujii, Kenichi Ohashi, Yoshifumi Ubara
A 61-year-old Japanese man developed nephrotic syndrome (NS) due to idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN). He received immunosuppressive therapy for two years, including prednisolone, cyclophosphamide, and cyclosporine A, but the NS persisted. Low-density lipoprotein apheresis (LDL-A) was initiated at a frequency of twice a month and continued for 9 years (203 sessions in total). His proteinuria reduced to less than 1 g daily after 9 years. LDL-A was stopped, and the NS has not relapsed for five years...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624979/new-insights-into-the-pathogenesis-of-iga-nephropathy
#13
REVIEW
See Cheng Yeo, Chee Kay Cheung, Jonathan Barratt
IgA nephropathy is the most common form of glomerulonephritis in many parts of the world and remains an important cause of end-stage renal disease. Current evidence suggests that IgA nephropathy is not due to a single pathogenic insult, but rather the result of multiple sequential pathogenic "hits". An abnormally increased level of circulating poorly O-galactosylated IgA1 and the production of O-glycan-specific antibodies leads to the formation of IgA1-containing immune complexes, and their subsequent mesangial deposition results in inflammation and glomerular injury...
June 17, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616219/proliferative-glomerulonephritis-with-monoclonal-igg-deposits-in-two-kidney-allografts-successfully-treated-with-rituximab
#14
Basma Merhi, Nikunjkuma Patel, George Bayliss, Kammi J Henriksen, Reginald Gohh
Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G deposit (PGNMID), a recently described pathologic entity in native kidneys, has been recognized in kidney transplant patients, where it can present as either recurrent or de novo disease. There is no definitive treatment to date, in either population. Here, we present two cases of PGNMID in kidney allografts that illustrate the challenges of diagnostic approach and highlight the allograft outcome after treatment with rituximab as a potential treatment of this condition...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615246/src-family-kinases-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Jun Wang, Shougang Zhuang
Src family kinases (SFKs) belong to non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and have been implicated in the regulation of numerous cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration and invasion, angiogenesis. The role and mechanisms of SFKs in tumorgenesis have been extensively investigated and some of SFK inhibitors are currently under clinical trials for tumor treatment. Recent studies have also demonstrated the importance of SFKs in regulating the development of various fibrosis related chronic diseases (e...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614243/different-types-of-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-the-dysregulation-of-the-complement-alternative-pathway-in-2-brothers-a-case-report
#16
Pei Chen, Li Zhu, Feng Yu, Sha-Sha Han, Si-Jun Meng, Wei-Yi Guo, Hong Zhang, Yan Song
RATIONALE: C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and complement-mediated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) both result from the abnormal regulation of the complement system. A significant number of patients with C3GN or complement-mediated HUS have mutations of more than 1 complement protein. This discovery has had a major impact on identifying the underlying cause of familial C3GN or complement-mediated HUS. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the cases of 2 brothers (herein referred to as patient II-1 and patient II-9), both with complement disorders that differed in their clinical and genetic features...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612667/all-that-glitters-yellow-is-not-gold-presentation-and-pathophysiology-of-bile-cast-nephropathy
#17
Mitchell Pitlick, Prerna Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) often manifests in patients with liver disease because of a prerenal cause and presents as acute tubular necrosis or hepatorenal syndrome. Distinguishing between these entities is important for prognosis and treatment. Some patients may develop AKI related to their underlying liver disease: for example, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis or IgA nephropathy. Bile cast nephropathy is an often ignored differential diagnosis of AKI in the setting of obstructive jaundice...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612242/histopathologic-classification-of-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-glomerulonephritis-achievements-limitations-and-perspectives
#18
Andrea Hinojosa-Azaola, Ariadna Jiménez-González
Clinical and histological factors have been identified as predictors of early and late renal outcome in ANCA-associated vasculitides (AAV). The presence and severity of kidney involvement at diagnosis are associated with poor prognosis in both patient and renal survival. Histologic findings remain the gold standard for diagnosing patients with AAV. In order to quantify the extent of the morphological parameters in the renal biopsies and to identify the histopathological lesions that predict renal outcome, several scoring systems have been proposed to systematically assess kidney biopsies in AAV...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612005/renal-limited-lupus-like-nephritis-how-much-of-a-lupus
#19
Asmaa S Abu Maziad, Jose Torrealba, Mouin G Seikaly, Jared R Hassler, Allen R Hendricks
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by development of autoantibodies to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens. A small subset of SLE patients who had the typical clinical features of SLE was reported to show persistently negative antinuclear antibody tests. Our report describes a 5-year-old male who presented with histopathological findings suggestive of lupus nephritis with no clinical signs or symptoms of SLE and negative autoantibodies. He was treated with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil, and monthly intravenous cyclophosphamide...
May 2017: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611855/variables-to-predict-nephrological-disease-in-general-and-glomerulonephritis-in-particular-in-patients-with-microhematuria
#20
Carsten Paul Bramlage, Manuel Wallbach, David Ellenberger, Cornelia Deutsch, Joan Minguet, Katherine Helen Smith, Johanna Stock, Alina Goninski, Peter Bramlage, Michael Koziolek, Gerhard Anton Mueller
BACKGROUND: Microhematuria (MH) is a symptom frequently leading to uncertainty as to when a nephrology referral is appropriate. Because MH may be indicative of severe kidney disorders, prompt diagnosis and potential treatment initiation can be important. We aimed to identify further variables that point at a nephrological cause, in particular of glomerulonephritis (GN), when MH is diagnosed. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data acquired from patients attending a nephrology office due to MH was performed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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