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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930905/effectiveness-of-early-warming-with-self-warming-blankets-on-postoperative-hypothermia-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#1
Baris B Koc, Martijn G M Schotanus, Jean-Paul A P A C Kollenburg, Maurice J A Janssen, Fabian Tijssen, Edwin J P Jansen
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is an important complication in joint arthroplasty. Commonly, forced air warming (FAW) devices are used intraoperatively to maintain body temperature in patients undergoing surgery. However, it is believed that these convective warming systems could increase the risk of deep surgical site infections due to disruption of unidirectional downward laminar airflow. Conductive warming devices have no noticeable effect on ventilation airflow. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of the self-warming (SW) blanket, a novel conductive warming device, on postoperative hypothermia in elective joint arthroplasty is unknown...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930807/breadth-of-genetic-testing-selected-by-patients-at-risk-of-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#2
J Brian Szender, Jasmine Kaur, Katherine Clayback, Mollie L Hutton, June Mikkelson, Kunle Odunsi, Cara Dresbold
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of patients at risk of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome to select the extent of genetic testing personally preferred and the impact of demographic factors on the breadth of testing pursued. METHODS: A single-institution cohort was enumerated consisting of patients referred for clinical genetic counseling secondary to risk of HBOC syndrome. This was a retrospective study of consecutive patients seen for genetic counseling; all patients completed an epidemiologic questionnaire and provided personal and family medical histories...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930784/self-care-moderates-the-relationship-between-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure
#3
Jonathan P Auld, James O Mudd, Jill M Gelow, Shirin O Hiatt, Christopher S Lee
BACKGROUND: Physical symptoms and depression in heart failure (HF) are key drivers of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Heart failure self-care behaviors are believed to influence how symptoms affect HRQOL. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine if HF self-care behaviors moderate the relationships between physical and depressive symptoms and HRQOL. METHODS: In a cohort of adults with moderate to advanced HF, multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate the interaction between self-care behaviors (Self-care of HF index maintenance and management scales) and physical HF symptoms (HF Somatic Perception Scale) on emotional HRQOL (emotional dimension of Minnesota Living With HF Questionnaire)...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930235/current-usage-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-approach-to-the-experiences-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#4
Dianna Porter, Suzanne Cochrane, Xiaoshu Zhu
Background: The use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) by breast cancer patients is growing. Few studies have examined the complexity of breast cancer survivors' attitudes, lived experiences, barriers, and perceptions in using TCM as part of their treatment journey. This article examines breast cancer survivors' experiences, perceptions of, and benefits (or not) in using TCM. Methods: Qualitative research, using semi-structured interviews, was the chosen methodology. Results: Participants used TCM as a form of self-help and as a complement, not an alternative, to standard care...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#5
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930183/substituting-sodium-hydrosulfite-with-sodium-metabisulfite-improves-long-term-stability-of-a-distributable-paper-based-test-kit-for-point-of-care-screening-for-sickle-cell-anemia
#6
Kian Torabian, Dalia Lezzar, Nathaniel Z Piety, Alex George, Sergey S Shevkoplyas
Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a genetic blood disorder that is particularly lethal in early childhood. Universal newborn screening programs and subsequent early treatment are known to drastically reduce under-five SCA mortality. However, in resource-limited settings, cost and infrastructure constraints limit the effectiveness of laboratory-based SCA screening programs. To address this limitation our laboratory previously developed a low-cost, equipment-free, point-of-care, paper-based SCA test. Here, we improved the stability and performance of the test by replacing sodium hydrosulfite (HS), a key reducing agent in the hemoglobin solubility buffer which is not stable in aqueous solutions, with sodium metabisulfite (MS)...
September 20, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929940/a-controlled-trial-of-a-yoga-based-prevention-program-targeting-eating-disorder-risk-factors-among-middle-school-females
#7
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Kellie Talebkhah, Wendy Guyker, Emily Keddie
This study investigates outcomes of a revised version of a yoga-based, eating disorder prevention program, targeting eating disorder risk factors, among fifth grade girls (i.e., Girls Growing in Wellness and Balance: Yoga and Life Skills to Empower [GGWB]). The program is designed to decrease eating disorder risk factors and bolster self-care and includes revisions not yet studied that extend the program to 14 weeks and enhance content addressing self-care. Efficacy was assessed using a controlled, repeated measures design...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929813/limited-english-proficient-patients-perceptions-of-when-interpreters-are-needed-and-how-the-decision-to-utilize-interpreters-is-made
#8
Rebecca J Schwei, Michelle Schroeder, Ifna Ejebe, Maichou Lor, Linda Park, Phia Xiong, Elizabeth A Jacobs
Our objective was to describe when Hmong- and Spanish-speaking limited English proficient (LEP) patients perceive an interpreter was needed and how they perceive the decision to utilize an interpreter is made in a health care encounter. We interviewed a total of 20 LEP patients. We used a number of strategies to recruit LEP patients including posting language-appropriate flyers at clinics, sending letters to LEP patients and asking our participants to refer their family and friends to participate in our study...
September 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#9
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929615/what-activities-might-facilitate-personal-recovery-for-adults-who-continue-to-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis-employing-the-connectedness-hope-and-optimism-identity-meaning-empowerment-framework
#10
REVIEW
Kris Deering, Jo Williams
Self-harm is an international concern. While treatment in health care focusses on methods to reduce the act, there is less exploration in how to assist adults who are unable to minimize their self-harm. In order to aid these people, in the present systematic review, we employed a qualitative meta-synthesis to explore the lived experience of what activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm. Findings were interpreted by drawing on the CHIME framework; a taxonomy of personal recovery comprising of connectedness, hope and optimism, identity, meaning and purpose, and empowerment...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929523/follow-up-protocol-was-useful-for-children-whose-parents-attended-emergency-departments-after-partner-violence-substance-abuse-or-a-suicide-attempt
#11
Eva M M Hoytema van Konijnenburg, Maj Gigengack, Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Boudien C Flapper, Ramón J L Lindauer, Johannes B van Goudoever, Johanna H van der Lee
AIM: This was a one-year follow up of families referred to support services after the parents visited the emergency department due to intimate partner violence, substance abuse or a suicide attempt. Its aim was to evaluate the wellbeing of any children. METHODS: Data on families identified a year earlier by the Amsterdam Protocol were gathered from child protective services and parent and child self-reports in two Dutch regions from 2012-2015. RESULTS: We included 399 children (52%) boys with a median age of eight years (range 1-18) in the study using child protective services data...
September 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928913/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-leiden-padua-questionnaire-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Parvin Cheraghi, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Saharnaz Nedjat
The world population is getting old rapidly; the aging population is the new phenomenon in Iran too. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the overall and subscales mean score of quality of life (QOL) based on the Leiden-Padua (LEIPAD) questionnaire among the elderly population of Iran. The major international and national databases including; Medlin, Scopus, Science Direct, SID, MagIran, IranMedex, and Irandoc was searched. All cross-sectional studies, which measured the QOL among the elderly population in Iran using the LEIPAD questionnaire, were included...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928575/referrral-systems-development-and-survey-of-perioperative-and-critical-care-referral-to-anesthetists
#13
P L Narendra, Harihar V Hegde, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Dayanand G Talikoti, Samson Nallamilli
INTRODUCTION: Anesthetists come in contact with more than two-third of hospital patients. Timely referral to anesthetists is vital in perioperative and remote site settings. Delayed referrals, improper referrals, and referrals at inappropriate levels can result in inadequate preparation, perioperative complications, and poor outcome. METHODS: The self administered paper survey to delegates attending anesthesia conferences. Questions were asked on how high-risk, emergency surgical cases remote site and critical care patients were referred to anesthetists and presence of rapid response teams...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928346/medical-students-perceived-educational-needs-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity
#14
Natalie K Cooke, Sarah L Ash, L Suzanne Goodell
BACKGROUND: Medical schools are challenged to incorporate more prevention-based education into curricula, offering an opportunity to revisit approaches to nutrition education. The objective of this study was to explore United States (US) medical students' understanding of childhood obesity, specifically barriers to childhood obesity prevention and treatment and students' perceived educational deficits. METHODS: The research team conducted phone interviews with 78 3rd- and 4th-year medical students, representing 25 different medical schools across the US...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928319/effect-of-a-brief-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-adult-tobacco-smokers-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-from-north-india
#15
Sonu Goel, Jeyashree Kathiresan, Preeti Singh, Rana J Singh
BACKGROUND: An association between smoking and poor tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes has been globally established. Various smoking cessation interventions (SCIs) have been proven worldwide to curb smoking behavior. There is a need for evidence to assess if SCI increases the chance of successful treatment outcome among TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a brief SCI; The Ask, Brief, Cessation support (ABC) package, on treatment outcomes and smoking cessation in smear-positive adult pulmonary TB patients...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928197/impact-of-oral-self-care-on-incident-functional-disability-in-elderly-japanese-the-ohsaki-cohort-2006-study
#16
Shino Bando, Yasutake Tomata, Jun Aida, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether oral self-care (tooth brushing, regular dental visits and use of dentures) affects incident functional disability in elderly individuals with tooth loss. DESIGN: A 5.7-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ohsaki City, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 12 370 community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years and older. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident functional disability (new long-term care insurance certification)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928196/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-of-skin-self-care-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Daniella Karine Souza Lima, Soraia Dornelles Schoeller, Neide da Silva Knihs, Caroline Porcelis Vargas, Adriana Dutra Tholl, Soraia Geraldo Rozza Lopes, Maria Manuela Martins, Karina Silveira de Almeida Hammerschmidt
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, increasing methodological references have been used in scientific research; these are points of support in the search for evidence, formulation and elaboration of instruments, scales, guideline and protocols. However, significant variability currently exists in scoping review conduct and reporting, thus limiting the potential of the methodology to advance research and practice about skin self-care of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to perform a scoping review protocol within the health rehabilitation context of people with SCI, focusing on skin self-care...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928111/personalized-hypertension-management-using-patient-generated-health-data-integrated-with-electronic-health-records-empower-h-six-month-pre-post-study
#18
Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Martha L Simmons, Lisa G Rosas, Albert Chan, Martin Entwistle
BACKGROUND: EMPOWER-H (Engaging and Motivating Patients Online With Enhanced Resources-Hypertension) is a personalized-care model facilitating engagement in hypertension self-management utilizing an interactive Web-based disease management system integrated with the electronic health record. The model is designed to support timely patient-provider interaction by incorporating decision support technology to individualize care and provide personalized feedback for patients with chronic disease...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927771/-impact-of-a-written-document-for-preoperative-information-on-the-use-of-internet-by-parents
#19
M Landier, T Villemagne, A Le Touze, K Braïk, P Meignan, A R Cook, B Morel, H Lardy, A Binet
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative information is a legal and ethical obligation. Very few studies have evaluated the preoperative information method in pediatrics. Having a child operated on is stressful for parents. The use of Internet to look for data on the pathology and its treatment is frequent, but often unprofitable and sometimes even harmful. This study aimed to measure the impact of a leaflet, which supports spoken information in preoperative consultation, on parents' use of the Internet before surgery...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927765/recurrent-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#20
REVIEW
Freida Blostein, Elizabeth Levin-Sparenberg, Julian Wagner, Betsy Foxman
PURPOSE: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), multiple episodes of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC; vaginal yeast infection) within a 12-month period, adversely affects quality of life, mental health, and sexual activity. Diagnosis is not straightforward, as VVC is defined by the combination of often nonspecific vaginal symptoms and the presence of yeast-which is a common vaginal commensal. Estimating the incidence and prevalence is challenging: most VVC is diagnosed and treated empirically, the availability for purchase of effective therapies over the counter enables self-diagnosis and treatment, and the duration of the relatively benign VVC symptoms is short, introducing errors into any estimates relying on medical records or patient recall...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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