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"orthopedic trauma"

Mark Gage, Frank Liporace, Kenneth Egol, Toni McLaurin
Treatment of traumatic bone defects is dictated by a multitude of clinical factors including the defect size, patient comorbidities, soft tissue condition, and the possibility of infection present in the defect. With a variety of treatment strategies described, it is critical to choose the approach that will maximize outcomes in addressing this difficult problem. When addressing small-scale defects, bone grafting is the primary treatment. For large-scale defects, there are two major options to consider: induced membrane technique and distraction osteogenesis...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Douglas B Cooper, Glenn Curtiss, Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Heather G Belanger, David F Tate, Matthew Reid, Amy O Bowles, Carmen S Velez, Jan E Kennedy, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in objective neurocognitive performance and subjective cognitive symptoms in individuals with a history of a single concussion, multiple concussions, orthopedic injuries, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: Participants included 116 military service members who sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) during combat deployment. Subjects were subdivided into groups based on concussion frequency: a single concussion (n = 42), 2 concussions (n = 21), and 3 or more concussions (n = 53)...
March 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Elizabeth W Hubbard, Anthony I Riccio
The management of pediatric fractures has evolved over the past several decades, and many injuries that were previously being managed nonoperatively are now being treated surgically. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has developed clinical guidelines to help guide decision making and streamline patient care for certain injuries, but many topics remain controversial. This article analyzes the evidence regarding management of 5 of the most common and controversial injuries in pediatric orthopedics today...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Jeremy Kubik, Prism Schneider, Richard Buckley, Robert Korley, Paul Duffy, Ryan Martin
OBJECTIVES: The surgical reduction of intra-articular olecranon fractures is judged primarily on the lateral elbow radiograph, as orthogonal imaging of the articular surface is not obtainable. We sought to determine surgeon accuracy in identifying intra-articular olecranon malreductions on the lateral elbow radiograph. METHODS: Six human fresh-frozen cadaveric elbow specimens were sagittally sectioned in 5-mm increments after olecranon dissection, preservation of soft tissue envelope, and rigid fixation of the elbow in an external fixator...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Aaron I Karlen, Erik J Solberg, Deborah S Quanbeck, Ann E Van Heest
OBJECTIVE: The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is administered annually and is used to assess medical knowledge of orthopedic surgery residents. Beginning in the 2013 to 2014 academic year, the ACGME expanded the postgraduate year (PGY)-1 curriculum from 3 to 6 months of orthopedic surgery rotations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of increased PGY-1 orthopedic surgery exposure on medical knowledge as measured by the OITE. DESIGN: From 2011 to 2013, 24 PGY-2 residents completed 3 months of PGY-1 orthopedic training (Group 1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Cory Collinge, Basem Attum, Paul Tornetta, William Obremskey, Jaimo Ahn, Gudrun Mirick, Andrew Schmidt, Clay Spitler, Chad Coles, Peter Krause
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe current opinions of orthopedic trauma experts regarding acute compartment syndrome (ACS). DESIGN: Web-based survey SETTING:: N/A PARTICIPANTS:: Active Orthopedic Trauma Association (OTA) members METHODS:: A 25 item web-based questionnaire was advertised to active members of the OTA. Using a cross-sectional survey study design, we evaluated the perceived importance of ACS, as well as preferences in diagnosis and treatment...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Peng Zhang, Bo Jia, Xiao-Kun Chen, Yu Wang, Wei Huang, Tian-Bing Wang
PURPOSE: To study the effects of surgical and nonoperative treatment on wrist function in patients with distal radius fracture. METHODS: In total, 97 patients treated for distal radius fracture in the Department of Orthopedic Trauma at the People's Hospital of Peking University from Jan. 2010 to Jun. 2016 were selected for outpatient follow-up, including manipulative reduction and dorsal splint fixation in 24 cases, bivalve cast fixation in 19 cases and open reduction and internal fixation in 54 cases...
February 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Y W Zhao, J B Xie, G Z Ding
Objective: To explore the short-term effects of expanded anterolateral approach in treating fracture involved the posterolateral tibial plateau. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data from 16 patients undergoing extended anterolateral approach for fracture involved the posterolateral tibial plateau in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College between January 2013 and July 2016 was done. The patients were treated with 3.5 mm proximal "L" type proximal tibial locking compression plate with four locking screws through the nail row technique...
January 30, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Robert S O'Connell, Emanuel C Haug, Pramote Malasitt, Satya Mallu, Jibanananda Satpathy, Jonathan Isaacs, Varatharaj Mounasamy
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients are frequently transferred to a higher level of care for specialized orthopedic care. Many of these transfers are not necessary and waste valuable resources. The purpose of this study was to quantify our own experience and to assess the appropriateness of orthopedic transfers to a level I trauma center emergency department. METHODS: A retrospective review of orthopedic emergency department transfers to a level I trauma center was performed...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Elisa Pratelli, Angelo Alito, Claudio Zanella, Laura Busi, Giuseppe Mangone, Matteo Scarselli, Pietro Pasquetti
Osteoporotic fractures are associated with a significant increase in morbidity, mortality and medical costs. There is also a strong link between fractures and increased mortality. Among effective measures for the prevention of falls, instability treatment surely plays a crucial role. Several factors contribute to instability, many of which are ageing-related: visual spatial deficit, strength reduction, weight imbalance with COP lateralization sometimes favoured by LLD (leg length discrepancy). It seems useful to detect an heterometry which could be corrected, if present...
September 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Itai Gross, Daniel J Weiss, Elior Eliasi, Miklosh Bala, Saar Hashavya
BACKGROUND: Electric bike (e-bike) usage is growing worldwide, and so is the e-bike-related injury rate. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to characterize e-bike-related injuries. METHODS: Data of all e-bike-related injuries presenting to our level I trauma center between 2014 and 2016 were collected and analyzed. Adult and pediatric (<18 years of age) e-bike-related injuries were then analyzed separately and compared. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients suffering from e-bike-related injuries presented to our trauma center between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ji Wan Kim, Yongkoo Lee, Joonho Seo, Jai Hyung Park, Yong Min Seo, Sung Soo Kim, Hyun Chul Shon
BACKGROUND: To report our experiences with the use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in the field of orthopedic trauma. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 24 patients from three university teaching hospitals in whom 3D printing technique was applied: 14 patients with acetabular fractures and 10 patients with clavicular shaft fractures. We summarized our experiences with 3D printed bone models. RESULTS: Three-dimensional printed acetabular models improved understanding of complex acetabular anatomy and fracture pattern to plan the optimal positioning of a reduction clamp and the trajectory of screws...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
Sarah C Goode, Jacqueline L Beshears, Russell D Goode, Theresa F Wright, Anita King, Brett D Crist
Introduction: This prospective study sought to implement a screening tool to identify and risk stratify at-risk patients for osteoporosis and evaluate patient knowledge of osteoporosis and fragility fractures in an orthopedic trauma clinic affiliated with a level 1 trauma academic center. Methods: Of 297 eligible patients, 291 were screened and risk stratified. Patients completed an osteoporosis screening questionnaire and were risk stratified. Lifestyle advice was given to patients at low fracture risk...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Chris A Anthony, Alexander Volkmar, Apurva S Shah, Mike Willey, Matt Karam, J Lawrence Marsh
BACKGROUND: Communication with orthopedic trauma patients is traditionally problematic with low response rates (RRs). The purpose of this investigation was to (1) evaluate the feasibility of communicating with orthopedic trauma patients postoperatively, utilizing an automated mobile phone messaging platform; and (2) assess the first 2 weeks of postoperative patient-reported pain and opioid use after lower extremity orthopedic trauma procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective investigation at a Level 1 trauma center in the United States...
December 20, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Bryce E Haac, Richard Van Besien, Nathan N OʼHara, Gerard P Slobogean, Theodore T Manson, Robert V OʼToole, Herman Johal, Peter Z Berger, George B Reahl, Dimitrius Marinos, Yasmin Degani, Daniel Mascarenhas, Daniel Connelly, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma patients are often treated with venous thromboembolism (VTE) chemoprophylaxis with aspirin or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) after discharge from their index admission, but adherence patterns are not known. We hypothesized that overall adherence would be moderate and greater with aspirin compared to LMWH. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of adult trauma patients with an operative extremity fracture or any pelvic/acetabular fracture requiring VTE prophylaxis...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Benoît Maeder, Patrick Goetti, Frédéric Vauclair
Clavicle fracture is a common injury for the general practitioner, the accident and emergency department doctor and the orthopedic trauma surgeon. Historically, most clavicle fractures were treated conservatively. During the last two decades, clinical studies have shown higher rates of nonunion or symptomatic malunion than previously thought. These publications lead to an increase in surgical management of clavicle fractures. However, recent randomized controlled trials failed to confirm any strong clinical outcome improvement after surgical treatment...
December 13, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
S Rigal, L Mathieu, N de l'Escalopier
"Urgent, complete, definitive" treatment still today seems to be an appropriate attitude in many trauma cases. There are, however, several situations in which emergency definitive fixation is not the optimal strategy for all cases of fracture. Temporary fixation has a role to play in the orthopedic "trauma damage control" design comprising successive steps, as applied in multiple trauma, multiple fracture, severe multi-tissue limb lesions and soft-tissue lesions of unpredictable progression...
February 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Wesley M Durand, Joseph R Johnson, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
Crowdfunding for medical expenses is growing in popularity. Through several websites, patients create public campaign profiles to which donors can contribute. Research on medical crowdfunding is limited, and there have been no studies of crowdfunding in orthopedics. Active medical crowdfunding campaigns for orthopedic trauma, total joint arthroplasty, and spine surgery were queried from a crowdfunding website. The characteristics and outcomes of crowdfunding campaigns were abstracted and analyzed. For this study, 444 campaigns were analyzed, raising a total of $1,443,528...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
D M Rouleau
The design of clinical studies in orthopedic traumatology is challenging in several respects. In this era of evidence-based medicine, the pressure is high to choose our treatments solely based on randomized controlled studies. This type of study, when well-constructed, makes it possible to discern the best treatment for a specific fracture in a given group of patients and in connection with a specific outcome. Randomized controlled trials require a lot of resources and are not designed to answer all research questions...
February 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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