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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944991/a-qualitative-study-exploring-midwives-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-maternal-obesity-reflecting-on-their-experiences-of-providing-healthy-eating-and-weight-management-advice-to-pregnant-women
#1
Mary T McCann, Lisa Newson, Catriona Burden, Jane S Rooney, Margaret S Charnley, Julie C Abayomi
Midwives are responsible for providing advice regarding the complex issues of healthy eating and weight management during pregnancy. This study utilised an inductive data-driven thematic approach in order to determine midwives' perceptions, knowledge, and experiences of providing healthy eating and weight management advice to pregnant women. Semistructured interviews with 17 midwives were transcribed verbatim and data subjected to thematic analysis. The findings offer insight into the challenges facing midwives in their role trying to promote healthy eating and appropriate weight management to pregnant women...
September 25, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943259/-spanish-collaborative-study-description-of-usual-clinical-practice-in-infant-obesity
#2
Alfonso Lechuga Sancho, Enrique Palomo Atance, María José Rivero Martin, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Rosaura Leis Trabazo, María Pilar Bahíllo Curieses, Gloria Bueno Lozano
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a high prevalence health problem. Although there are clinical guidelines for its management, there is variability in its clinical approach. The aim of this study is to describe the usual clinical practice in Paediatric Endocrinology Units in Spain and to evaluate if it resembles the recommended guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out by means of a questionnaire sent to paediatric endocrinologists of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Endocrinology...
September 21, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942216/an-ethnography-on-perceptions-of-pain-in-dutch-natural-childbirth
#3
Katie Logsdon, Carolyn Smith-Morris
OBJECTIVE: this study offers insight into how women perceive childbirth pain and how they make decisions about whether to use an epidural during childbirth in the low technology context of the Netherlands maternity care system. DESIGN: ethnographic research consisting of participant observation at births and prenatal and postnatal appointments; semi-structured interviews with a sample of recently post-partum women; coding and triangulation of data to determine key themes in the interviews...
September 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941505/advances-in-the-reconstruction-of-orbital-fractures
#4
REVIEW
Scott E Bevans, Kris S Moe
Orbital reconstruction is one of the most challenging tasks for surgeons who treat craniofacial trauma. Suboptimal outcomes carry a high level of morbidity, with functional, emotional, and aesthetic implications. However, advances in reconstruction techniques, including the use of orbital endoscopy, computer-guided navigation, and mirror image overlay techniques, have been shown to provide significant improvements in outcomes. This article provides practical advice for applying these techniques to orbital reconstruction following trauma...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940970/enabling-honest-reflection-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Naomi Gostelow, Faye Gishen
BACKGROUND: Reflective practice provides a backbone to professionalism, a commitment to lifelong learning and competency-based education in the form of reflective portfolios. Changes in health care culture have promoted a move towards openness and reflection on challenging clinical encounters. ISSUE: Engagement with reflection has historically proved challenging to clinical educators. This Faculty Development Review examines this using a case study from the UK in which a postgraduate trainee was asked to disclose their reflective portfolio by a patient's legal representation...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938104/do-nurses-personal-health-behaviours-impact-on-their-health-promotion-practice-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Muireann Kelly, Jane Wills, Susie Sykes
BACKGROUND: There is a growing expectation in national and international policy and from professional bodies that nurses be role models for healthy behaviours, the rationale being that there is a relationship between nurses' personal health and the adoption of healthier behaviours by patients. This may be from patients being motivated by, and modelling, the visible healthy lifestyle of the nurse or that nurses are more willing to promote the health of their patients by offering public health or health promotion advice and referring the patient to support services...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933730/veterinary-pharmaceutics-an-opportunity-for-interprofessional-education-in-new-zealand
#7
Arlene McDowell, Rebekah Beard, Anna Brightmore, Lisa W Lu, Amelia McKay, Maadhuri Mistry, Kate Owen, Emma Swan, Jessica Young
Globally pharmacists are becoming increasingly involved in veterinary medicine; however, little is known about the level of interest for pharmacists playing a larger role in animal treatment in New Zealand. A key stakeholder in any progression of pharmacists becoming more involved in the practice of veterinary pharmacy is the veterinary profession. The aim of this study was to investigate views of veterinarians and veterinary students on the role of pharmacists supporting veterinarians with advice on animal medicines...
July 26, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931436/structural-analysis-of-health-relevant-policy-making-information-exchange-networks-in-canada
#8
Damien Contandriopoulos, François Benoît, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Annie Carrier, Nancy Carter, Raisa Deber, Arnaud Duhoux, Trisha Greenhalgh, Catherine Larouche, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Adrian Levy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Katerina Maximova, Kimberlyn McGrail, Candace Nykiforuk, Noralou Roos, Robert Schwartz, Thomas W Valente, Sabrina Wong, Evert Lindquist, Carolyn Pullen, Anne Lardeux, Melanie Perroux
BACKGROUND: Health systems worldwide struggle to identify, adopt, and implement in a timely and system-wide manner the best-evidence-informed-policy-level practices. Yet, there is still only limited evidence about individual and institutional best practices for fostering the use of scientific evidence in policy-making processes The present project is the first national-level attempt to (1) map and structurally analyze-quantitatively-health-relevant policy-making networks that connect evidence production, synthesis, interpretation, and use; (2) qualitatively investigate the interaction patterns of a subsample of actors with high centrality metrics within these networks to develop an in-depth understanding of evidence circulation processes; and (3) combine these findings in order to assess a policy network's "absorptive capacity" regarding scientific evidence and integrate them into a conceptually sound and empirically grounded framework...
September 20, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931134/risk-activities-and-pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-notified-cases-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-australia
#9
Prakash Paudel, C Raina, Nicholas Zwar, Holly Seale, Heather Worth, Mohamud Sheikh, Anita E Heywood
Background: Travellers are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases during travel, with risks differing by destination, travel and traveller characteristics. A pre-travel health consultation may minimize this risk. However, uptake of pre-travel health advice remains low. We investigated pre-travel health preparations and disease-specific risk behaviours among notified cases of selected travel-associated infectious diseases imported into Australia. Methods: Prospective enhanced surveillance of notified cases of typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya was conducted in two Australian states between February 2013 and January 2014...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#10
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929478/defining-a-risk-informed-framework-for-whole-of-government-lessons-learned-a-canadian-perspective
#11
Shaye K Friesen, Shelley Kelsey, J A Jim Legere
Lessons learned play an important role in emergency management (EM) and organizational agility. Virtually all aspects of EM can derive benefit from a lessons learned program. From major security events to exercises, exploiting and applying lessons learned and "best practices" is critical to organizational resilience and adaptiveness. A robust lessons learned process and methodology provides an evidence base with which to inform decisions, guide plans, strengthen mitigation strategies, and assist in developing tools for operations...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927680/-digital-action-plan-for-asthma-exacerbations-paname
#12
N Beydon, C Delclaux
BACKGROUND: A written action plan (WAP) reduces emergency visits for asthma exacerbations. However, a WAP is underused and often focused on asthma control. The innovation is an AppWeb that includes an expert software aimed at diagnosing the level of severity of asthma exacerbations and delivering a personalized digital action plan (DAP) when patients are in urgent need of medical advice. Symptoms describing the level of severity of asthma exacerbations and the consequent treatments have been established by working groups of the French Respiratory Societies (SPLF and SP2A for adults and children, respectively)...
September 15, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927376/systematic-review-of-statistical-approaches-to-quantify-or-correct-for-measurement-error-in-a-continuous-exposure-in-nutritional-epidemiology
#13
Derrick A Bennett, Denise Landry, Julian Little, Cosetta Minelli
BACKGROUND: Several statistical approaches have been proposed to assess and correct for exposure measurement error. We aimed to provide a critical overview of the most common approaches used in nutritional epidemiology. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS and CINAHL were searched for reports published in English up to May 2016 in order to ascertain studies that described methods aimed to quantify and/or correct for measurement error for a continuous exposure in nutritional epidemiology using a calibration study...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926510/restoring-vaginal-function-in-postmenopausal-women-with-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause
#14
Risa Kagan, Eliza Rivera
Menopause practitioners are often asked to help postmenopausal women restore vaginal health and function. A common scenario is the postmenopausal woman who has been without a sexual partner for many years and is now about to resume or has already unsuccessfully attempted penetrative sexual activity. This Practice Pearl addresses the pathophysiology and effect of atrophic genital changes and offers advice on how vaginal health and comfortable sexual activity can be restored.
September 18, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#15
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924280/antibiotics-use-and-misuse-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-patients-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-analysis-in-university-hospital-saudi-arabia
#16
Waseem Hajjar, Sami Alnassar, Sara Al-Khelb, Sarah Al-Mutairi, Norah Al-Refayi, Sultan Ayoub Meo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness and causes of antibiotics use and misuse in patients with upper respiratory tract infections. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from January 2014 to December 2015, and comprised patients suffering from upper respiratory tract infections. A well-established, self-administrated questionnaire was randomly distributed to the patients. The questionnaire consisted of 3 parts: demographic variables, knowledge, and beliefs, and behaviour towards antibiotic use and misuse...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920543/control-of-clinical-paratuberculosis-in-new-zealand-pastoral-livestock
#17
M Gautam, A Ridler, P R Wilson, C Heuer
This review summarises current control measures for clinical paratuberculosis (Johne's disease; JD) in New Zealand pastoral livestock. Most New Zealand sheep, deer, beef and dairy cattle herds and flocks are infected by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (Map). Dairy cattle and deer are mostly infected with bovine (Type II), and sheep and beef cattle with ovine (Type I) strains. Control in all industries is voluntary. While control in sheep and beef cattle is ad hoc, the dairy and deer industries have developed resources to assist development of farm-specific programmes...
September 17, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920492/recommendations-on-managing-lenvatinib-and-everolimus-in-patients-with-advanced-or-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#18
E Grande, H Glen, J Aller, G Argenziano, M J Lamas, P Ruszniewski, J L Zamorano, K Edmonds, S Sarker, M Staehler, J Larkin
There are several second-line treatment options for patients with renal cell carcinoma after first-line failure of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, especially with the recent approvals of cabozantinib, nivolumab, and the lenvatinib plus everolimus combination. A lack of reliable biomarkers and an overall lack of prospective head-to-head comparisons make it a challenge to choose a second-line treatment in the clinic. Areas covered: In this review/meta-opinion, we describe the safety profile of the lenvatinib plus everolimus combination in renal cell carcinoma...
September 18, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919021/developing-the-tissue-viability-seating-guidelines
#19
Melanie Stephens, Carol Bartley, Ria Betteridge, Ray Samuriwo
BACKGROUND: Costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly with limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers. At the request of the UK Tissue Viability Society the aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919020/understanding-the-association-between-pressure-ulcers-and-sitting-in-adults-what-does-it-mean-for-me-and-my-carers-seating-guidelines-for-people-carers-and-health-social-care-professionals
#20
M Stephens, C A Bartley
The aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time. This publication was developed at the request of the Tissue Viability Society in order to revise the original seating guidelines from 2008 as evidence and subsequent care has moved forward in relation to this area. Since 2008, the costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly and there is limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
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