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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#1
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#2
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779648/how-to-write-an-original-article
#3
L Mateu Arrom, J Huguet, C Errando, A Breda, J Palou
CONTEXT: A correctly drafted original article gives information on what was done, why it was done, how it was done, the result of what was done, and the significance of what was done. Many articles fail to report their results effectively. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of an original article and to give practical recommendations to prevent the most common errors in our environment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic search of the terms "how to write a scientific article", "structure of the original article" and "publishing an article" in the databases PubMed and SCOPUS...
May 17, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779297/cardiac-rhythm-management-devices
#4
Irene Stevenson, Alex Voskoboinik
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen ongoing evolution and use of cardiac rhythm management devices, including pacemakers, cardiac resynchronisation therapy, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and loop recorders. General practitioners are increasingly involved in follow-up and management of patients with these devices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide an overview of different cardiac rhythm management devices, including their role, implant procedure, post-procedural care, potential complications and follow‑up...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779231/specialist-perioperative-allergy-clinic-services-in-the-uk-2018-results-from-the-royal-college-of-anaesthetists-sixth-national-audit-project-nap6-investigation-of-perioperative-anaphylaxis
#5
W Egner, T M Cook, T Garcez, S Marinho, H Kemp, D N Lucas, K Floss, S Farooque, H Torevell, M Thomas, K Ferguson, S Nasser, S Karanam, K-L Kong, N McGuire, M Bellamy, A Warner, J Hitchman, L Farmer, N J N Harper
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Anaesthetists 6th National Audit Project examined Grade 3-5 perioperative anaphylaxis for one year in the UK. OBJECTIVE: To describe the causes and investigation of anaphylaxis in the NAP6 cohort, in relation to published guidance and previous baseline survey results. METHODS: We used a secure registry to gather details of Grade 3-5 perioperative anaphylaxis. Anonymous reports were aggregated for analysis and reviewed in detail...
May 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775040/considerations-for-safe-glucocorticoid-therapy
#6
(no author information available yet)
Synthetic glucocorticoids have innumerable therapeutic applications and are frequently used in medical practice. Changes in the wide variety of synthetic molecules and the different routes of administration cause differences in anti-inflammatory action, therapeutic action and mineralocorticoid effects. Endocrinologists are generally consulted to evaluate the gradual decline in treatment, rather than to indicate it. We present general information and practical advice to the pediatrician to minimize the adverse effects and considerations to be taken into account for the suspension of treatment...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773657/review-of-the-role-of-nice-in-promoting-the-adoption-of-innovative-cardiac-technologies
#7
REVIEW
Peter H Groves, Chris Pomfrett, Mirella Marlow
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme (MTEP) promotes the adoption of innovative diagnostic and therapeutic technologies into National Health Service (NHS) clinical practice through the publication of guidance and briefing documents. Since the inception of the programme in 2009, there have been 7 medical technologiesguidance, 3 diagnostics guidance and 23 medtechinnovation briefing documents published that are relevant to the heart and circulation...
May 17, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772913/assessing-correspondence-between-experimental-and-nonexperimental-estimates-in-within-study-comparisons
#8
Peter M Steiner, Vivian C Wong
In within-study comparison (WSC) designs, treatment effects from a nonexperimental design, such as an observational study or a regression-discontinuity design, are compared to results obtained from a well-designed randomized control trial with the same target population. The goal of the WSC is to assess whether nonexperimental and experimental designs yield the same results in field settings. A common analytic challenge with WSCs, however, is the choice of appropriate criteria for determining whether nonexperimental and experimental results replicate...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772061/an-image-guided-radiotherapy-decision-support-framework-incorporating-a-bayesian-network-and-visualization-tool
#9
Catriona Hargrave, Timothy Deegan, Tomasz Bednarz, Michael Poulsen, Fiona Harden, Kerrie Mengersen
PURPOSE: To describe a Bayesian network (BN) and complementary visualization tool, that aim to support decision-making during online cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-based image guide radiotherapy (IGRT) for prostate cancer patients. METHODS: The BN was created to represent relationships between observed prostate, proximal seminal vesicle (PSV), bladder and rectum volume variations, an image feature alignment score (FASTV _ OAR ), delivered dose and treatment plan compliance (TPC)...
May 17, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#10
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763831/patients-involvement-in-nursing-students-clinical-education-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Arja Suikkala, Sanna Koskinen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
BACKGROUND: Actual contacts with patients are crucial in developing the skills that students need when working with patients. Patients are accustomed to the presence of students. The concept of learning from patients has emerged recently, shifting the focus from learning from professionals as role models to the relationship between the student and patient. AIM: With focus on patients' perspective in clinical practice placements, this scoping review aims to review and summarize the existing empirical literature regarding patients' involvement in nursing students' clinical education...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760253/deprescribing-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Simon Davies, Jean Grenier, Cheryl A Sadowski, Vivian Welch, Anne Holbrook, Cynthia Boyd, Robert Swenson, Andy Ma, Barbara Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 8 clinicians (1 family physician, 2 psychiatrists, 1 clinical psychologist, 1 clinical pharmacologist, 2 clinical pharmacists, and 1 geriatrician) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757954/consumer-preference-and-attitude-regarding-online-food-products-in-hanoi-vietnam
#13
Anh Kim Dang, Bach Xuan Tran, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Hoa Thi Do, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Tu Huu Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Chau Ngo, Thuc Thi Minh Vu, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
This study aimed to examine: (1) how the Internet has changed consumers food-buying behavior and identify its associated factors; (2) consumers' concern about food safety information of online food products. A cross-sectional study was performed from October to December 2015 in Hanoi-a Vietnamese epicenter of food service. One thousand seven hundred and thirty six (1736) customers were randomly chosen from food establishments of 176 communes. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756579/recent-changes-in-the-management-of-patients-with-food-allergy-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-a-dietitian-s-perspective
#14
Rachel de Boer, Ruth Chalmers
It is has been suggested that the prevalence of food allergy has increased over the last few decades with estimates now suggesting between 3.9-8% of children are food allergic (Kattan, 2016). Studies also suggest that rates of food allergy resolution are slowing, meaning more children are remaining allergic for longer (Sicherer et al, 2014). The mainstay of food allergy management is dietary exclusion of known food allergen/s. Exclusion diets are frequently difficult for patients and their families to manage and the literature highlights that they impact negatively on quality of life (Valentine et al, 2011) ...
May 14, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754514/what-sources-of-bereavement-support-are-perceived-helpful-by-bereaved-people-and-why-empirical-evidence-for-the-compassionate-communities-approach
#15
Samar M Aoun, Lauren J Breen, Ishta White, Bruce Rumbold, Allan Kellehear
AIMS: To determine who provides bereavement support in the community, what sources are perceived to be the most or least helpful and for what reason, and to identify the empirical elements for optimal support in developing any future compassionate communities approach in palliative care. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional investigation of bereavement experiences. Sources of support (informal, community and professional) were categorised according to the Public Health Model of Bereavement Support; most helpful reasons were categorised using the Social Provisions Scale, and least helpful were analysed using inductive content analysis...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751285/improving-identification-and-management-of-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-primary-care-pre-and-post-intervention-study
#16
Stephen Weng, Joe Kai, Jennifer Tranter, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Nadeem Qureshi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a major cause of premature heart disease but remains unrecognised in most patients. This study investigated if a systematic primary care-based approach to identify and manage possible FH improves recommended best clinical practice. METHODS: Pre- and post-intervention study in six UK general practices (population 45,033), which invited patients with total cholesterol >7.5 mmol/L to be assessed for possible FH...
April 30, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750751/the-impact-of-patient-characteristics-and-disease-specific-factors-on-first-line-treatment-decisions-for-braf-mutated-melanoma-results-from-a-european-expert-panel-study
#17
Paolo A Ascierto, Lars Bastholt, Pier F Ferrucci, Johan Hansson, Iván Márquez Rodas, Miranda Payne, Caroline Robert, Luc Thomas, Jochen S Utikal, Pascal Wolter, Amber Kudlac, Harriet Tuson, Jan McKendrick
Treatment decisions for advanced melanoma are increasingly complex and guidelines provide limited advice on how to choose between immunotherapy and targeted therapy for first-line treatment. A Delphi study was carried out to understand which patient characteristics and disease-related factors inform clinicians' choices of first-line treatment for BRAF-mutated melanoma. Twelve European melanoma specialists experienced in using immunotherapies and targeted agents participated in a double-blind two-phase Delphi study...
May 10, 2018: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749587/newborn-screening-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency
#18
REVIEW
John Routes, James Verbsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides a brief history of newborn screening (NBS) for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), discusses the theoretical basis for the T cell receptor excision circle (TREC) assay, highlights the results of recent studies using the TREC, and provides practical advice for the evaluation of infants with an abnormal TREC assay. RECENT FINDINGS: Currently, all but three states perform NBS for SCID in the USA. NBS using the TREC assay is highly sensitive in identifying infants with SCID and may also identify infants with T cell lymphopenia due to other causes such as congenital syndromes, multiple congenital anamolies, and some combined immunodeficiencies...
May 10, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743033/knowledge-practices-and-expectations-of-preventive-care-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-attending-government-general-outpatient-clinics-in-hong-kong
#19
Denise Y S Tam, Yvonne Y C Lo, Wendy Tsui
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based preventive care recommendations have been well established, but studies have persistently reported gaps between these recommendations and general practitioners' practices in providing preventive care. Many studies have explored factors that affect the delivery of preventive care from the perspectives of the practitioners, but relatively few have evaluated the patients' point of view. The purpose of this study was to explore patients' understanding of preventive care, the actions they were taking in terms of preventive health and their expectations from family doctors in providing preventive care...
May 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743005/bashh-2016-uk-national-audit-and-survey-of-hiv-testing-risk-assessment-and-follow-up-case-note-audit
#20
Sumit Bhaduri, Hilary Curtis, Hugo McClean, Ann K Sullivan
This national audit demonstrated discrepancies between actual practice and that indicated by clinic policies following enquiry about alcohol, recreational drugs and chemsex use. Clinics were more likely to enquire about risk behaviour if this was clinic policy or routine practice. Previous testing was the most common reason for refusing HIV testing, although 33% of men who have sex with men had a prior test of more than three months ago. Of the group declining due to recent exposure in the window period, 21/119 cases had an exposure within the four weeks prior to presentation, but had a previous risk not covered by previous testing...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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