keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

statements

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150888/systematic-review-of-disparities-in-surgical-care-for-m%C3%A4-ori-in-new-zealand
#1
REVIEW
Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Zanazir Alexander, Matire Harwood, Jonathan Koea, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Health equity for Indigenous peoples in the context of surgery has recently become topical amongst surgeons in Australasia. Health inequities are amongst the most consistent and compelling disparities between Māori and New Zealand Europeans (NZE) in New Zealand (NZ). We aimed to investigate where ethnic disparities in surgical care may occur and highlight some of the potential contributing factors, over all surgical specialties, between Māori and NZE adults in NZ. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
November 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150863/family-behaviours-that-have-an-impact-on-the-self-management-activities-of-adults-living-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#2
J Vongmany, T Luckett, L Lam, J L Phillips
AIMS: To identify family behaviours that adults with Type 2 diabetes' perceive as having an impact on their diabetes self-management. BACKGROUND: Research suggests that adults with Type 2 diabetes perceive that family members have an important impact on their self-management; however, it is unclear which family behaviours are perceived to influence self-management practices. METHODS: This meta-synthesis identified and synthesized qualitative studies from the databases EMBASE, Medline and CINAHL published between the year 2000 and October 2016...
November 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150840/longitudinal-pathways-between-mental-health-difficulties-and-academic-performance-during-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#3
Jessica Deighton, Neil Humphrey, Jay Belsky, Jan Boehnke, Panos Vostanis, Praveetha Patalay
There is a growing appreciation that child functioning in different domains, levels, or systems are interrelated over time. Here, we investigate links between internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and academic attainment during middle childhood and early adolescence, drawing on two large data sets (child: mean age 8.7 at enrolment, n = 5,878; adolescent: mean age 11.7, n = 6,388). Using a 2-year cross-lag design, we test three hypotheses - adjustment erosion, academic incompetence, and shared risk - while also examining the moderating influence of gender...
November 18, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150475/uptodate-adherence-to-grade-criteria-for-strong-recommendations-an-analytical-survey
#4
Thomas Agoritsas, Arnaud Merglen, Anja Fog Heen, Annette Kristiansen, Ignacio Neumann, Juan P Brito, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Paul E Alexander, David M Rind, Per O Vandvik, Gordon H Guyatt
INTRODUCTION: UpToDate is widely used by clinicians worldwide and includes more than 9400 recommendations that apply the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) framework. GRADE guidance warns against strong recommendations when certainty of the evidence is low or very low (discordant recommendations) but has identified five paradigmatic situations in which discordant recommendations may be justified. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to document the strength of recommendations in UpToDate and assess the frequency and appropriateness of discordant recommendations...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#5
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150470/platelet-rich-plasma-in-achilles-tendon-healing-2-path-2-trial-protocol-for-a-multicentre-participant-and-assessor-blinded-parallel-group-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-injection-versus-placebo-injection-for-achilles-tendon-rupture
#6
Joseph Alsousou, David J Keene, Philippa A Hulley, Paul Harrison, Susan Wagland, Christopher Byrne, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Susan J Dutton, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries give rise to substantial long-lasting morbidity and pose considerable challenges for clinicians and patients during the lengthy healing period. Current treatment strategies struggle to curb the burden of this injury on health systems and society due to lengthy rehabilitation, work absence and reinjury risk. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous preparation that has been shown to improve the mechanobiological properties of tendons in laboratory and animal studies...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#7
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149839/vitamin-d-parathyroid-hormone-and-metabolic-syndrome-the-pormets-study
#8
Luís Raposo, Sandra Martins, Daniela Ferreira, João Tiago Guimarães, Ana Cristina Santos
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VitD) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) play important roles in calcium metabolism and skeletal homeostasis. Estimates of the VitD status in several European countries show large variations between them. In addition, no national population-based estimate has been published. VitD and PTH may also play important roles in cardiovascular risk, which has been suggested to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and is very prevalent in Portugal. The goal of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and its determinants as well as PTH serum level determinants and associations of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D and PTH serum levels with MetS and its individual components in a sample of the Portuguese mainland population...
November 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149831/molecular-mechanisms-triggered-by-bile-acids-on-iintestinal-ca2-absorption
#9
Ana Marchionatti, Maria Rivoira, Valeria Rodriguez, Adriana Perez, Nori Tolosa de Talamoni
Bile acids (BAs) are synthesized in the liver and are among the main components of bile. For many years, it was thought that they have only a role as emulsifiers of fat in the small intestine facilitating the absorption of lipids and lipid soluble vitamins. Lately, they are also considered important signaling molecules, not only by regulating their own synthesis, but also having a role in several metabolic diseases. In this review we focus on the effect of deoxycholic, ursodeoxycholic and litocholic acids and their combination upon the intestinal Ca2+ absorption...
November 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149644/assessing-the-risk-of-laparoscopic-morcellation-of-occult-uterine-sarcomas-during-hysterectomy-and-myomectomy-literature-review-and-the-isge-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Ornella Sizzi, Lucia Manganaro, Alfonso Rossetti, Matteo Saldari, Giuseppe Florio, Alessandro Loddo, Robert Zurawin, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
OBJECTIVE: This project of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE) had the objective to review the literature and provide recommendations on the occult sarcoma risk assessment in patients who are candidates for minimally invasive gynecological surgery involving intra-abdominal electromechanical tissue morcellation. STUDY DESIGN: The ISGE Task Force for Estimation of the Risk in Endoscopic Morcellation initially defined key topics and clinical questions which may guide a comprehensive preoperative patient assessment...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148726/a-novel-approach-for-99mtc-labeling-of-red-blood-cells-evaluation-of-99mtc-4saboroxime-as-a-blood-pool-imaging-agent
#12
Min Liu, Zuoquan Zhao, Wei Fang, Shuang Liu
Angiography with radiolabeled red blood cells (RBCs) plays an important role in diagnosis and prognosis in vascular diseases. Both in vitro and in vivo methods have been developed for 99mTc-labeling of RBCs. However, these methods are complicated and lack of reproducibility. Therefore, it is highly desirable to develop an alternative method for routine 99mTc-labeling of RBCs. In this report, we present a novel approach for 99mTc-labeling of RBCs. We prepared a new 99mTc(III) radiotracer [99mTcCl(CDO)(CDOH)2B-4AS] (99mTc-4ASboroxime: 4AS-B(OH)2 = 4-aminosulfonylphenyl)boronic acid, and CDOH2 = cyclohexanedione dioxime) in >95% radiochemical purity...
November 17, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148414/more-erronous-statements-about-the-use-of-frequentist-statistical-methods-in-medical-research
#13
Maarten Boers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147832/wh-questions-universal-statements-and-free-choice-inferences-in-child-mandarin
#15
Haiquan Huang, Peng Zhou, Stephen Crain
This study investigated 5-year-old Mandarin-speaking children's comprehension of wh-questions, universal statements and free choice inferences. Previous research has found that Mandarin-speaking children assign a universal interpretation to sentences with a wh-word (e.g., shei 'who') followed by the adverbial quantifier dou 'all' (Zhou in Appl Psycholinguist 36:411-435, 2013). Children also compute free choice inferences in sentences that contain a modal verb in addition to a wh-word and dou (Zhou, in: Nakayama, Su, Huang (eds...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145934/economic-evaluations-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-programme-a-systematic-review
#16
Nor Haizan Ibrahim, Khalidah Maruan, Hasryn Azzuar Mohd Khairy, Yet Hoi Hong, Ahmad Fauzi Dali, Chin Fen Neoh
PURPOSE: To systematically review studies on cost-effectiveness of implementing Antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASP) in the hospital setting. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using electronic databases, such as EMBASE, PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, NHS and CEA Registry from 2000 until 2017. The quality of each included study was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Economic Evaluations and Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards Statement checklist...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145591/asia-consensus-statement-on-nccn-clinical-practice-guideline-for-bladder-cancer
#17
Hiroyuki Nishiyama
The Asia Consensus Statement (ACS) on the NCCN Guideline (NCCN-ACS) for treatment of bladder cancer version 1.2016 is designed to provide documentation of modifications of the 'parent' NCCN Guideline: Bladder Cancer (Version 2.2015). When considering ethnic differences or differences in health regulatory environments between Western and Asian countries, a process of adaptation to match the circumstances is helpful for utilizing the guidelines. The NCCN-ACS for bladder cancer consist of 11 ACSs, focused on diagnosis, imaging, surgical treatment, adjuvant intravesical chemotherapy or immunotherapy, periopererative (neodjuvant or adjuvant) chemotherapy and radiation oncology including bladder preservation...
November 14, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144998/work-based-learning-in-health-care-organisations-experienced-by-nursing-staff-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#18
REVIEW
Marja Nevalainen, Nina Lunkka, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of this review is to systematically summarise qualitative evidence about work-based learning in health care organisations as experienced by nursing staff. Work-based learning is understood as informal learning that occurs inside the work community in the interaction between employees. Studies for this review were searched for in the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and ABI Inform ProQuest databases for the period 2000-2015. Nine original studies met the inclusion criteria. After the critical appraisal by two researchers, all nine studies were selected for the review...
November 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144023/resident-versus-faculty-member-simulation-debriefing
#19
Traci Adams, Chad Newton, Hetal Patel, Melanie Sulistio, Andrew Tomlinson, Won Lee
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but it has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation. In this study, we sought to compare debriefing sessions of internal medicine (IM) intern simulation sessions led by academic faculty doctors with those led by senior IM residents in order to measure the effectiveness of near-peer teaching in this setting. Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation METHOD: Internal medicine interns participated in four simulation cases, two of which were debriefed by faculty members and two of which were debriefed by residents...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143885/consensus-driven-in-hospital-cortisol-assessment-after-acth-secreting-pituitary-adenoma-resection
#20
Yana Stolyarov, James Mirocha, Adam N Mamelak, Anat Ben-Shlomo
PURPOSE: Remission from Cushing disease (CD) after pituitary adenoma resection may be predicted by a postoperative reduction in serum cortisol level. A 2008 consensus statement recommends assessing morning cortisol levels during the first postoperative week, and replacing glucocorticoid (GC) if cortisol nadir of < 2 or < 5 µg/dL is achieved. We sought to evaluate adherence to consensus recommendations following adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma resection at our tertiary medical center, and assess time to cortisol nadir to better define the window for assessment and intervention...
November 16, 2017: Pituitary
keyword
keyword
87814
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"