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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647960/-quality-analysis-of-observational-studies-on-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-china
#1
Y T Wang, L Y Tao, H J He, J S Han
Objective: To evaluate the quality of observational studies on pelvic organ prolapse in China. Methods: The checklist of strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement was applied to evaluate the observational studies. The articles were searched in the SinoMed database using the terms: prolapse, uterine prolapse, cystocele, rectal prolapse and pelvic floor; limited to Chinese core journals in obstetrics and gynecology from January 1996 to December 2015. With two 10-year groups (1996-2005 and 2006-2015), the χ(2) test was used to evaluate inter-group differences...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647703/selling-a-gun-to-a-stranger-without-a-background-check-acceptable-behaviour
#2
David Hemenway, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVE: One way that guns get into the wrong hands is via gun sales without a background check. While the large majority of Americans support laws requiring universal background checks, no prior study has assessed whether Americans think it is acceptable behaviour to sell a gun to a stranger without a background check, whether or not there is a law against it. METHODS: We sponsored a nationally representative survey of over 3900 American adults, oversampling gun owners, using an online panel provided by the survey firm Growth for Knowledge...
June 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647543/healthy-eating-and-activity-across-the-lifespan-heal-a-call-to-action-to-integrate-research-clinical-practice-policy-and-community-resources-to-address-weight-related-health-disparities
#3
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katie A Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Steven D Stovitz, Amanda Trofholz, Katherine Y Grannon, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite intense nationwide efforts to improve healthy eating and physical activity across the lifespan, progress has plateaued. Moreover, health inequities remain. Frameworks that integrate research, clinical practice, policy, and community resources to address weight-related behaviors are needed. Implementation and evaluation of integration efforts also remain a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to: (1) Describe the planning and development process of an integrator entity, HEAL (Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan); (2) present outcomes of the HEAL development process including the HEAL vision, mission, and values statements; (3) define the planned integrator functions of HEAL; and (4) describe the ongoing evaluation of the integration process...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647217/recognition-and-management-of-hemostatic-disorders-in-critically-ill-patients-needing-to-undergo-an-invasive-procedure
#4
REVIEW
Marcella C A Müller, Simon J Stanworth, Michiel Coppens, Nicole P Juffermans
Abnormal laboratory coagulation test results are frequently documented in critically ill patients, and these patients often also need to undergo invasive procedures. Clinicians have an understandable desire to minimize any perceived heightened risk of bleeding complications in those patients who require invasive procedures. In this setting, prophylactic administration of platelets or plasma is commonplace. This review explores the nature of these sequential statements and the degree to which these statements are supported by evidence...
June 15, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646925/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-versus-placebo-or-no-prophylaxis-in-adult-hospitalised-acutely-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#5
Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clinical equipoise exists. Whether there is overall benefit or harm of stress ulcer prophylaxis in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no treatment in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients with high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding irrespective of hospital setting...
June 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646878/achieving-sustainability-in-health-information-systems-a-field-tested-measure-of-country-ownership
#6
Stephanie Watson-Grant, Khou Xiong, James C Thomas
BACKGROUND: A country will trust, value, and use, its health information system (HIS) to the extent it has had a role in its creation and maintenance. A sense of ownership contributes in turn to the long-term sustainability of the HIS, and thus the country's ability to monitor and evaluate population health and health services. To facilitate progress toward greater ownership, we developed and tested a tool to measure the country's ownership of its monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system...
June 24, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646716/histopathologic-differences-partially-distinguish-syndromic-aortic-diseases
#7
Kevin M Waters, Lisa M Rooper, Andrew Guajardo, Marc K Halushka
A variety of syndromic diseases such as Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, and bicuspid aortic valve with aneurysm along with risk factors of smoking and hypertension result in ascending aortic aneurysms and dissections. Historically, a complicated variety of terms have been used to describe a range of histopathologies that are present in resected specimens. As a result, no consistent patterns of histopathology have been reported. We used the recent Society for Cardiovascular Pathology/Association for European Cardiovascular Pathology consensus statement on nomenclature and diagnostic criteria for noninflammatory aortic disease to blindly evaluate 148 surgically resected specimens...
June 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646537/explaining-infant-feeding-the-role-of-previous-personal-and-vicarious-experience-on-attitudes-subjective-norms-self-efficacy-and-breastfeeding-outcomes
#8
Naomi C Bartle, Kate Harvey
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding confers important health benefits to both infants and their mothers, but rates are low in the United Kingdom and other developed countries despite widespread promotion. This study examined the relationships between personal and vicarious experience of infant feeding, self-efficacy, the theory of planned behaviour variables of attitudes and subjective norm, and the likelihood of breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks post-natally. DESIGN: A prospective questionnaire study of both first-time mothers (n = 77) and experienced breastfeeders (n = 72) recruited at an antenatal clinic in South East England...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646423/updates-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#9
REVIEW
Guido Gasparri
This is a review of the latest papers on PHPT with the purpose of assessing the most recent evidence in the management of PHPT and to give updated recommendations for its evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. I used my personal experience to collect papers that reinforce my ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of PHPT. Perhaps, in the near future, we will have more information about genetics, localization studies, surgical techniques, medical treatments, and statements that we have presented today will be obsolete...
June 23, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646047/rcvs-council-overwhelmingly-rejects-position-statement-on-cam-therapies
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645962/diagnosis-and-treatment-for-hyperuricaemia-and-gout-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-consensus-statements
#11
Qianrui Li, Xiaodan Li, Joey Sum-Wing Kwong, Hao Chen, Xin Sun, Haoming Tian, Sheyu Li
INTRODUCTION: Gout and hyperuricaemia are major health issues and relevant guidance documents have been released by a variety of national and international organisations. However, these documents contain inconsistent recommendations with unclear quality profiles. We aim to conduct a systematic appraisal of the clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment for hyperuricaemia and gout, and to summarise recommendations. METHODS: We will search PubMed, EMBASE and guideline databases to identify published clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645959/formal-consensus-to-identify-clinically-important-changes-in-management-resulting-from-the-use-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-cmr-in-patients-who-activate-the-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-ppci-pathway
#12
Maria Pufulete, Rachel C Brierley, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, John P Greenwood, Stephen Dorman, Richard A Anderson, Jessica Harris, Elisa McAlindon, Chris A Rogers, Barnaby C Reeves
OBJECTIVE: To define important changes in management arising from the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients who activate the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) pathway. DESIGN: Formal consensus study using literature review and cardiologist expert opinion to formulate consensus statements and setting up a consensus panel to review the statements (by completing a web-based survey, attending a face-to-face meeting to discuss survey results and modify the survey to reflect group discussion and completing the modified survey to determine which statements were in consensus)...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645199/do-neurobiological-understandings-of-smoking-influence-quitting-self-efficacy-or-treatment-intentions
#13
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Jayne Lucke, Brad Partridge, Coral Gartner
Introduction: Addiction is increasingly defined as a "brain disease" caused by changes to neurochemistry. While nicotine addiction has historically been excluded in the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA), it is beginning to be labelled a chronic brain disease. We investigated whether Australian smokers endorse brain-based explanations of smoking, and whether these beliefs are associated with quitting self-efficacy or treatment intentions. Method: Cross-sectional study of Australian smokers (N=1,538) who completed a survey measuring their agreement with statements on the brain's role in smoking...
June 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644995/less-is-more-breast-conservation-might-be-even-better-than-mastectomy-in-early-breast-cancer-patients
#14
Oreste D Gentilini, Maria-Joao Cardoso, Philip Poortmans
During the recent years an increase of mastectomy rates in early breast cancer patients has been observed. Nevertheless, several large population-based studies reported a possible improved outcome after breast conserving therapy compared to radical surgery, after all the adjustments. We hereby summarize our opinion on this topic suggesting that these robust and consistent data might challenge the statement that breast conserving therapy is merely not inferior to radical surgery.
June 20, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644770/the-impact-of-photovoltaic-pv-installations-on-downwind-particulate-matter-concentrations-results-from-field-observations-at-a-550-mwac-utility-scale-pv-plant
#15
Dwarakanath Ravikumar, Parikhit Sinha
With utility-scale photovoltaic(PV) projects increasingly developed in dry and dust-prone geographies with high solar insolation, there is a critical need to analyze the impacts of PV installations on the resulting particulate-matter(PM) concentrations which have environmental and health impacts. This study is the first to quantify the impact of a utility-scale PV plant on PM concentrations downwind of the project site. Background, construction and post-construction PM2.5 and PM10 concentration data are collected from four beta attenuation monitor(BAM) stations over 3 years...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644738/national-survey-and-analysis-of-barriers-to-the-utilisation-of-the-2005-mental-capacity-act-by-people-with-bipolar-disorder-in-england-and-wales
#16
Richard Morriss, Mohan Mudigonda, Peter Bartlett, Arun Chopra, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: The Mental Capacity Act (2005) (MCA) provides a legal framework for advance planning for both health and welfare in England and Wales for people if they lose mental capacity, for example, through mania or severe depression. AIMS: To determine the proportion of people with bipolar disorder (BD) who utilise advance planning, their experience of using it and barriers to its implementation. METHODS: National survey of people with clinical diagnosis of BD of their knowledge, use and experience of the MCA...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644717/responses-of-a-vulnerable-hispanic-population-in-new-jersey-to-hurricane-sandy-access-to-care-medical-needs-concerns-and-ecological-ratings
#17
Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld, Taryn Pittfield, Christian Jeitner
Recent increases in hurricanes led to a need to evaluate access to medical care, medical needs, and personal and community impact on vulnerable populations, particularly elderly, low income, and minority communities. This investigation examined (1) access to care, (2) interruptions in medical services, (3) personal impact from Hurricane Sandy, and (4) agreement with ecological statements related to storms, flooding, and damages in Hispanic/Latino patients receiving health care at Federally Qualified Health Centers in New Jersey...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644588/clinical-consensus-guidelines-on-the-application-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-for-alzheimer-s-disease-diagnosis-recommendations-of-the-irish-network-for-biomarkers-in-neurodegeneration
#18
A M Miller, E Begley, R Coen, M Doyle, J Dunne, S Hutchinson, S P Kennelly, R A Kenny, R P Killeen, A Lynch, S O'Dwyer, C O'Neill, S S O'Sullvan, M J Rowan, N Sheehy, C McGuigan, B A Lawlor
It is accepted that a lumbar puncture (LP) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker analysis support the routine diagnostic work-up for the differential diagnosis of dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) within certain patient cohorts1. These tests, which measure CSF protein concentrations of amyloid-β42 (Aβ42), total tau (t-tau) and phospho tau (p-tau), were recently validated, accredited and made available clinically for the first time in Ireland. A working group, comprising Irish clinical and scientific researchers, met to review a) the validation results; b) international consensus opinions, and c) research and clinical evidence as to the clinical utility of CSF biomarker analysis for AD dementia diagnosis...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644491/mastering-high-resolution-tip-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-towards-a-shift-of-perception
#19
REVIEW
Marie Richard-Lacroix, Yao Zhang, Zhenchao Dong, Volker Deckert
Recent years have seen tremendous improvement of our understanding of high resolution reachable in TERS experiments, forcing us to re-evaluate our understanding of the intrinsic limits of this field, but also exposing several inconsistencies. On the one hand, more and more recent experimental results have provided us with clear indications of spatial resolutions down to a few nanometres or even on the subnanometre scale. Moreover, lessons learned from recent theoretical investigations clearly support such high resolutions, and vice versa the obvious theoretical impossibility to evade high resolution from a purely plasmonic point of view...
June 23, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644260/intravenous-alteplase-for-acute-stroke-and-pulmonary-embolism-in-a-patient-with-recent-abdominoplasty
#20
Michael E Christiansen, Gyanendra Kumar, Raman C Mahabir, Richard A Helmers, Bernard R Bendok, Cumara B O'Carroll
INTRODUCTION: Major surgery in the past 14 days is a relative contraindication to treatment of acute stroke with intravenous (IV) alteplase. The 2016 American Heart Association/American Stroke Association scientific statement discussing inclusion and exclusion criteria for alteplase in acute stroke allows for provider judgment citing a lack of evidence to support surgery as an absolute contraindication. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old woman presented with acute left hemiparesis, dysarthria, and acute respiratory failure...
July 2017: Neurologist
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