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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913949/epigenetic-cpg-methylation-of-the-promoter-and-reactivation-of-the-expression-of-gstp1-by-astaxanthin-in-human-prostate-lncap-cells
#1
Yuqing Yang, Francisco Fuentes, Limin Shu, Chao Wang, Doug Pung, Wenji Li, Chengyue Zhang, Yue Guo, Ah-Ng Kong
Astaxanthin (AST), a red dietary carotenoid, has synergistic antioxidant effects with polyunsaturated fatty acids at low concentrations via Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NFE2L2 or Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling. In addition, chromatin remodeling and DNA methylation-based gene silencing represent a common mechanism in prostate carcinogenesis and tumor progression from normal cells to pre-initiated cells and ultimately to invasive carcinoma. Therefore, the control of epigenetic modification and the transcriptional/translational control of the activation of Nrf2 and Nrf2-target genes, including glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), appear to be an important mechanism that protects cells against injuries from oxidative stress and cancer development...
December 2, 2016: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913299/the-inhibitory-effect-of-beta-lapachone-on-rankl-induced-osteoclastogenesis
#2
Dong Ryun Gu, Joon No Lee, Gi-Su Oh, Hyung Jin Kim, Min Seuk Kim, Seoung Hoon Lee
β-lapachone (β-L) is a substrate of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH): quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). NQO1 reduces quinones to hydroquinones using NADH as an electron donor and consequently increases the intracellular NAD+/NADH ratio. The activation of NQO1 by β-L has beneficial effects on several metabolic syndromes, such as obesity, hypertension, and renal injury. However, the effect of β-L on bone metabolism remains unclear. Here, we show that β-L might be a potent inhibitor of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis...
November 29, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912883/miltirone-protects-human-ea-hy926-endothelial-cells-from-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-derived-oxidative-stress-via-a-heme-oxygenase-1-and-mapk-nrf2-dependent-pathway
#3
Liu Zhang, Hui Zhang, Xueyan Li, Bingjie Jia, Yuyu Yang, Ping Zhou, Ping Li, Jun Chen
BACKGROUND: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is an underlying cause of endothelial dysfunction, which is an early event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In our previous study, we established an ARE-driven luciferase reporter system and screened out several potential Nrf2 activators from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. PURPOSE: Since miltirone showed the most potent ARE-driven luciferase activity, the aim of this study was to test the protective role of miltirone against oxidative stress in endothelial cell and to investigate the underlying mechanistic signaling pathways...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903425/activation-of-akt-and-jnk-nrf2-nqo1-pathway-contributes-to-the-protective-effect-of-coptisine-against-aaph-induced-oxidative-stress
#4
Yin-Ran Hu, Hang Ma, Zong-Yao Zou, Kai He, Yu-Bo Xiao, Yue Wang, Min Feng, Xiao-Li Ye, Xue-Gang Li
Coptisine (COP) is one of the main active constituents of Coptidis Rhizoma. Previous studies have clarified that COP possesses antioxidant activity, but its defensive effects against pathological characteristics accompanied by oxidative damage in animal models and antioxidant mechanism are still unclear. Therefore, our purpose was to confirm the antioxidant activity of COP and explore its mechanism of action. We first detected the effects of COP on intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), heart beating rate, lipid peroxidation and cell death in zebrafish model with AAPH-induced oxidative stress...
November 27, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894242/indazolo-3-2-b-quinazolinones-attack-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hep3b-cells-by-inducing-mitochondrial-dependent-apoptosis-and-inhibition-of-nrf2-are-signaling-pathway
#5
Y Zhang, R Qiao, D He, Z Zhao, S Yang, H Zou, X Zhang, M Wu, J Chen, P Chen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Genotoxic stress resistance in patients often contributes to poor clinical outcomes, and is intensively associated to the upregulation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. In this study, we examined the connection between the anti-cancer activity of two novel indazolo[3,2-b]quinazolinone (IQ) derivatives, IQ-7 and IQ-12, and their effect on the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. The two compounds were shown to induce apoptosis and inhibit the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway in Hep3B cells (human hepatoma cell line)...
November 28, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888691/redox-imbalance-and-mitochondrial-abnormalities-in-the-diabetic-lung
#6
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Liang-Jun Yan
Although the lung is one of the least studied organs in diabetes, increasing evidence indicates that it is an inevitable target of diabetic complications. Nevertheless, the underlying biochemical mechanisms of lung injury in diabetes remain largely unexplored. Given that redox imbalance, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction have been implicated in diabetic tissue injury, we set out to investigate mechanisms of lung injury in diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate NADH/NAD(+) redox status, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial abnormalities in the diabetic lung...
November 17, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888070/phosphoramide-mustard-induces-autophagy-markers-and-mtor-inhibition-prevents-follicle-loss-due-to-phosphoramide-mustard-exposure
#7
Jill A Madden, Porsha Q Thomas, Aileen F Keating
Phosphoramide mustard (PM) is an ovotoxic metabolite of cyclophosphamide. Postnatal day 4 Fisher 344 rat ovaries were exposed to vehicle control (1% DMSO) or PM (60μM)±LY294002 or rapamycin for 2 or 4 d. Transmission election microscopy revealed abnormally large golgi apparatus and electron dense mitochondria in PM-exposed ovaries prior to and at the time of follicle depletion. PM exposure increased (P<0.05) mRNA abundance of Bbc3, Cdkn1a, Ctfr, Edn1, Gstp1, Nqo1, Tlr4, Tnfrsfla, Txnrd1 and decreased (P<0...
November 22, 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884351/in%C3%A2-vivo-imaging-of-antioxidant-response-element-activity-during-liver-regeneration-after-partial-hepatectomy
#8
Patrick Hamid Alizai, Lea Bertram, Athanassios Fragoulis, Christoph J Wruck, Daniela C Kroy, Uwe Klinge, Ulf P Neumann, Maximilian Schmeding
BACKGROUND: The nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) -antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway is important for the regulation of antioxidative stress response and detoxification. To activate the expression of its target genes, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone) 1 (NQO1), Nrf2 binds to the ARE within the promoter region of these genes. Partial hepatectomy and consecutive liver regeneration lead to oxidative stress with activation of the Nrf2-ARE pathway...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871981/oral-exposure-to-diisodecyl-phthalate-aggravates-allergic-dermatitis-by-oxidative-stress-and-enhancement-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin
#9
Shiping Shen, Jinquan Li, Huihui You, Zhuo Wu, Yang Wu, Yun Zhao, Yuqing Zhu, Qing Guo, Xiaoxiao Li, Rui Li, Ping Ma, Xu Yang, Mingqing Chen
Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) is extensively used as an environmentally friendly plasticizer. However, little is known about the adverse effects and the underlying mechanisms of DIDP exposure on immunological diseases. We aimed to determine the role and mechanisms of DIDP exposure in allergic contact dermatitis-like skin lesions. We show that oral DIDP exposure can aggravate allergic dermatitis in mice. Moreover, an increase of ROS, total serum IgE and IL-4 levels were concomitant with this deterioration. We detected the expression of Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and the activation of STATs and NF-κB signal pathways...
November 18, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868087/diabetic-wound-healing-and-activation-of-nrf2-by-herbal-medicine
#10
Donald R Senger, Shugeng Cao
Nrf2 defense is a very important cellular mechanism to control oxidative stress, which is implicated in wound healing. Nrf2 can induce many cytoprotective genes, including HO-1, NQO1 and G6PD. Among many natural products that have been reported as Nrf2 activators, sulforaphane and curcumin have been studied more widely than any others, and both are in clinical trials for non-cancerous disorders. Recently, we reported 4-ethyl catechol and 4-vinyl catechol as Nrf2 co-factors that can induce Nrf2 as potently as sulforaphane and curcumin...
2016: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867096/ptgr1-expression-is-regulated-by-nrf2-in-rat-hepatocarcinogenesis-and-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-resistance-to-oxidative-stress
#11
Ricardo Sánchez-Rodríguez, Julia Esperanza Torres-Mena, Valeria Quintanar-Jurado, Victoria Chagoya-Hazas, Emilio Rojas Del Castillo, Luis Del Pozo Yauner, Saul Villa-Treviño, Julio Isael Pérez-Carreón
Prostaglandin reductase-1 (Ptgr1) is an alkenal/one oxidoreductase that is involved in the catabolism of eicosanoids and lipid peroxidation such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Recently, we reported that Ptgr1 is overexpressed in human clinical and experimentally induced samples of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, how the expression of this gene is regulated and its role in carcinogenesis are not yet known. Here, we studied parameters associated with antioxidant responses and the mechanisms underlying the induction of Ptgr1 expression by the activation of Nuclear Factor (erythroid-derived-2)-like-2 (NRF2)...
November 18, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865500/lipopolysaccharide-derived-from-the-digestive-tract-provokes-oxidative-stress-in-the-liver-of-dairy-cows-fed-a-high-grain-diet
#12
J A Abaker, T L Xu, D Jin, G J Chang, K Zhang, X Z Shen
The aims of this study were to measure oxidative stress parameters and to investigate the molecular mechanism triggered by grain-induced subacute ruminal acidosis in mid-lactation cows. Twelve Holstein-Friesian cows with an average weight of 455 ± 28 kg were divided into 2 groups and subjected to 2 diets over 18 wk: either a low-grain (forage-to-concentrate ratio = 6:4) or a high-grain (forage-to-concentrate ratio = 4:6) diet based on dry matter. Being fed a long-term high-grain diet resulted in a significant decrease in rumen pH and a significant increase in ruminal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 4 h postfeeding in the morning...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861875/the-effect-of-nrf2-are-signaling-pathway-in-the-lanthanum-chloride-induced-impairment-of-learning-and-memory-in-rats
#13
Lijin Zhang, Jinghua Yang, Cuihong Jin, Shengwen Wu, Xiaobo Lu, Xiaoyu Hu, Yaling Sun, Yuan Cai
Lanthanum (La) exerts adverse effects on the central nervous system. However, the mechanism underlying these adverse effects has not been clarified. It is known that oxidative stress plays an important role in neurological injuries induced by harmful factors. Nrf2 is very important in the response to oxidative stress in tissues and cells. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3 ) on the spatial learning and memory of rats and to determine whether the Nrf2/ARE pathway acts in the hippocampus...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860235/a-functional-pseudogene-nmral2p-is-regulated-by-nrf2-and-serves-as-a-co-activator-of-nqo1-in-sulforaphane-treated-colon-cancer-cells
#14
Gavin S Johnson, Jia Li, Laura M Beaver, W Mohaiza Dashwood, Deqiang Sun, Praveen Rajendran, David E Williams, Emily Ho, Roderick H Dashwood
SCOPE: The anticancer agent sulforaphane (SFN) acts via multiple mechanisms to modulate gene expression, including the induction of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-dependent signaling and the inhibition of histone deacetylase activity. Transcriptomics studies were performed in SFN-treated human colon cancer cells and in non-transformed colonic epithelial cells in order to pursue new mechanistic leads. METHODS AND RESULTS: RNA-sequencing corroborated the expected changes in cancer-related pathways after SFN treatment...
November 18, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853236/regulation-of-sirt1-nrf2-tnf-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway-by-luteolin-is-critical-to-attenuate-acute-mercuric-chloride-exposure-induced-hepatotoxicity
#15
Daqian Yang, Xiao Tan, Zhanjun Lv, Biying Liu, Ruiqi Baiyun, Jingjing Lu, Zhigang Zhang
Inorganic mercury, though a key component of pediatric vaccines, is an environmental toxicant threatening human health via accumulating oxidative stress in part. Luteolin has been of great interest because of its antiinflammatory, anticarcinogenic and antioxidative effects. Here we hypothesized that luteolin would attenuate hepatotoxicity induced by acute inorganic mercury exposure. Kunming mice were treated with luteolin (100 mg/kg) 24 h after administration of 4 mg/kg mercuric chloride (HgCl2). The results showed that luteolin ameliorated HgCl2 induced anemia and hepatotoxicity, regulating radical oxygen species (ROS) production and hepatocyte viability in vitro and oxidative stress and apoptosis in vivo...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829520/affinity-based-small-fluorescent-probe-for-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-nqo1-design-synthesis-and-pharmacological-evaluation
#16
Jinlei Bian, Xiang Li, Lili Xu, Nan Wang, Xue Qian, Qidong You, Xiaojin Zhang
NQO1 is a dimeric flavoprotein which intimately associated with cancer and overexpressed in the cytosol of numerous human tumor cells. Given that the cellular environment is quite dynamic and versatile, further investigation of the function of NQO1 depends on tools for specific detection of it. Currently, several activity-based assays have been developed to detect NQO1-expressing cancerous tissues. Herein, we report the development of a functional affinity-based small-molecule probe which is composed of a potent small-molecule NQO1 inhibitor 3d as the recognition group, a linker and the fluorophores group FITC...
November 1, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824860/ferulic-acid-orchestrates-anti-oxidative-properties-of-danggui-buxue-tang-an-ancient-herbal-decoction-elucidation-by-chemical-knock-out-approach
#17
Amy G W Gong, Vincent Y Huang, Huai Y Wang, Huang Q Lin, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Ferulic acid, a phenolic acid derived mainly from a Chinese herb Angelica Sinensis Radix (ASR), was reported to reduce the formation of free radicals. Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a herbal decoction composing of Astragali Radix (AR) and ASR, has been utilized for more than 800 years in China having known anti-oxidative property. Ferulic acid is a major active ingredient in DBT; however, the role of ferulic acid within the herbal mixture has not been resolved. In order to elucidate the function of ferulic acid within this herbal decoction, a ferulic acid-depleted herbal decoction was created and named as DBTΔfa...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822011/ursolic-acid-sensitizes-cisplatin-resistant-hepg2-ddp-cells-to-cisplatin-via-inhibiting-nrf2-are-pathway
#18
Shouhai Wu, Tianpeng Zhang, Jingsheng Du
BACKGROUND: Combinations of adjuvant sensitizers with anticancer drugs is a promising new strategy to reverse chemoresistance. Ursolic acid (UA) is one of the natural pentacyclic triterpene compounds known to have many pharmacological characteristics such as anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. This study investigates whether UA can sensitize hepatocellular carcinoma cells to cisplatin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were transfected with nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) small interfering RNA and Nrf2 complementary DNA by using Lipofectin 2000...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804998/keap1-hypomorphism-protects-against-ischemic-and-obstructive-kidney-disease
#19
Roderick J Tan, Dionysios V Chartoumpekis, Brittney M Rush, Dong Zhou, Haiyan Fu, Thomas W Kensler, Youhua Liu
The Keap1/Nrf2 pathway is a master regulator of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other cytoprotective mechanisms important in protection from kidney disease. For the first time in kidney disease, we describe the use of Keap1 hypomorphic mice, which possess Nrf2 hyperactivation. We exposed these mice and wild type controls to ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). The initial tubular injury at 24 hours post-IRI appeared to be unaffected, with the only observed difference being a decrease in inflammatory cytokine expression in the hypomorphs...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790277/increased-cellular-nad-level-through-nqo1-enzymatic-action-has-protective-effects-on-bleomycin-induced-lung-fibrosis-in-mice
#20
Gi-Su Oh, Su-Bin Lee, Anjani Karna, Hyung-Jin Kim, AiHua Shen, Arpana Pandit, SeungHoon Lee, Sei-Hoon Yang, Hong-Seob So
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a common interstitial lung disease; it is a chronic, progressive, and fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. Over the last two decades, knowledge about the underlying mechanisms of pulmonary fibrosis has improved markedly and facilitated the identification of potential targets for novel therapies. However, despite the large number of antifibrotic drugs being described in experimental pre-clinical studies, the translation of these findings into clinical practices has not been accomplished yet...
October 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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