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PT 003

Michael J McNamara, David J Adelstein, Daniela S Allende, Joanna W Bodmann, Denise I Ives, Sudish C Murthy, Daniel Raymond, Siva Raja, Cristina P Rodriguez, Davendra Sohal, Kevin L Stephans, Gregory M M Videtic, Lisa A Rybicki
PURPOSE: Preoperative therapy is frequently employed in the management of esophageal adenocarcinoma. However, many patients are found to have advanced pathologic stage and have poor outcomes. A prognostic factor which identifies this patient population before surgery would be desirable, as alternative treatment strategies may be warranted. METHODS: Between 2/08 and 1/12, 60 evaluable patients with locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma enrolled in single-arm phase II trial of induction chemotherapy, surgery, and post-operative adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy (CRT)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Zhaoting Yang, Yan Cui, Weidong Ni, Seokhyung Kim, Yanhua Xuan
PURPOSE: The hedgehog (Hh) pathway is involved in cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance in various tumors. Glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) is a key mediator of the Hh pathway; however, its expression and clinical significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been reported. In this study, we aimed to reveal clinical significance of Gli1 expression in ESCC and further investigate the potential of Gli1 as a CSC regulator of ESCC by comparing its expression with expressions of other stemness genes in ESCC...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Joo Young Kim, Jacqueline A Brosnan-Cashman, Soyeon An, Sung Joo Kim, Ki Byung Song, Min-Sun Kim, Mi-Ju Kim, Dae Wook Hwang, Alan K Meeker, Eunsil Yu, Song Cheol Kim, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher M Heaphy, Seung-Mo Hong
PURPOSE: Alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT), a telomerase-independent telomere maintenance mechanism, is strongly associated with ATRX and DAXX alterations and occurs frequently in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In a Korean cohort of 269 surgically resected primary PanNETs and 19 sporadic microadenomas, ALT status and nuclear ATRX and DAXX protein expression were assessed and compared with clinicopathologic factors. RESULTS: In PanNETs, ALT or loss of ATRX/DAXX nuclear expression was observed in 20...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Ankur Jain, Naresh Gupta, Tejinder Singh, Sunita Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML) is characterized by derangement of various components of the haemostatic system resulting in thrombo-haemorrhagic complications. Although less common than other myeloproliferative neoplasms, derangement of various components of the haemostatic system is observed in CML. Haemostatic abnormalities have been described in relation to hyperleucostasis and drugs used to treat CML. However, the correlation between haemostatic derangements and phase of CML is unclear in the literature...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Habip Almis, Ibrahim Hakan Bucak, Muhammed Nebi Caliskan, Mehmet Turgut
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether there is a relationship between 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D 3] values and incidences of primary epistaxis among children. METHODS: A total of 42 cases and 55 matched controls were included in our study. The study group and control group were well matched for age and gender. Age, gender, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) with reference to the international normalized ratio (INR), prothrombin time (PT), and 25(OH)D 3, parathormone (PTH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and phosphorus (P) values were recorded for each participant...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Simon Michael Thompson, Lucy J Salmon, Alison Waller, James Linklater, Justin P Roe, Leo A Pinczewski
BACKGROUND: Long-term prospective studies of isolated endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are limited and may include confounding factors. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of isolated ACL reconstruction using the patellar tendon (PT) autograft and the hamstring (HT) autograft in 180 patients over 20 years. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A total of 180 participants undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction between 1993 and 1994 were prospectively recruited...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Aruna Chhikara, Sunita Sharma, Jagdish Chandra, Anita Nangia
OBJECTIVES: To study plasma levels of Thrombin activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) in children with β-thalassemia major. METHODS: Fifty β-thalassemia major patients, 1.4 to 17 y of age, with number of transfusions received varying from 21 to 162 were selected at random and complete blood count (CBC), coagulation parameters [Prothrombin time (PT), Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, D-dimer, protein C, protein S, antithrombin, Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1)] and TAFI were performed...
August 3, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Daniel Reim, Andreas N Strobl, Christian Buchner, Rebekka Schirren, Werner Mueller, Peter Luppa, Donna Pauler Ankerst, Helmut Friess, Alexander Novotny
The influence of perioperative transfusion (PT) on outcome following surgery for gastric cancer (GC) remains controversial, with randomized trials lacking and observational series confounded by patient risk factors. This analysis determines the association between reception of leukocyte-depleted blood products and post-operative survival for GC.Data from 610 patients who underwent curative surgery for GC in a German tertiary care clinic from 2001 to 2013 were included. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazards regression were applied to determine the association of PT and clinical and patient risk factors for overall and relapse-free survival...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jinhyuk Choi, Dong-Il Kim, Jinkyoung Kim, Baek-Hui Kim, Aeree Kim
PURPOSE: The S100 gene family, which comprises over 20 members, including S100A1, S100A2, S100A8, S100A9, profilaggrin, and hornerin encodes low molecular weight calcium-binding proteins with physiological and pathological roles in keratinization. Recent studies have suggested a link between S100 proteins and human cancer progression. The purpose of the present study was to determine the expression levels of hornerin, S100A8, and S100A9 and evaluate their roles in the progression of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC)...
June 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
Matthias Sczesny-Kaiser, Katharina Beckhaus, Hubert R Dinse, Peter Schwenkreis, Martin Tegenthoff, Oliver Höffken
Studies on noninvasive motor cortex stimulation and motor learning demonstrated cortical excitability as a marker for a learning effect. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive tool to modulate cortical excitability. It is as yet unknown how tDCS-induced excitability changes and perceptual learning in visual cortex correlate. Our study aimed to examine the influence of tDCS on visual perceptual learning in healthy humans. Additionally, we measured excitability in primary visual cortex (V1)...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Lily E Johnston, William P Robinson, Margaret C Tracci, John A Kern, Kenneth J Cherry, Irving L Kron, Gilbert R Upchurch
OBJECTIVE: Both the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) and the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Procedure Targeted (NSQIP-PT) databases aim to track outcomes and to improve quality in vascular surgery. However, both registries are subject to significant selection bias. The objective of this study was to compare the populations and outcomes of a single procedure in VQI and NSQIP-PT and to identify areas of similarity and discrepancy. METHODS: Deidentified regional data were provided by VQI, and the public use files were provided by NSQIP...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Yuanfeng Gong, Zhaohui Liu, Yadi Liao, Cong Mai, Tiejun Chen, Hui Tang, Yunqiang Tang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of parenteral nutritional support with ω-3 PUFAs-based lipid emulsions in patients after liver resection. METHODS: A total of 119 patients were randomly assigned to the immunonutrition (IM) group (n = 59) and control group (n = 60). The IM group was continuously given Omegaven(®) 10% 100 mL/day rather than regular nutrition for five days postoperatively. Venous blood samples were obtained from all subjects before surgery and D1, D3 and D7 after surgery...
2016: Nutrients
Su-Jin Shin, Cheol Keun Park, Sung Yoon Park, Won Sik Jang, Joo Yong Lee, Young Deuk Choi, Nam Hoon Cho
Prognostic value of tumor volume for biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer remains controversial. We aimed to determine which tumor volume definition would optimally correlate with established prognostic factors and classify macroscopic tumor configuration. Radical prostatectomy specimens with follow-up to biochemical recurrence in the period between 2009 and 2012 were retrieved. Newly proposed categories of reconstructed three-dimensional macroscopic tumor configuration were nodular, medial prominence, subcapsular spreading, and miliary types...
September 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Jia-Jia Chen, Jian-Rong Huang, Qian Yang, Xiao-Wei Xu, Xiao-Li Liu, Shao-Rui Hao, Hui-Fen Wang, Tao Han, Jing Zhang, Jian-He Gan, Zhi-Liang Gao, Yu-Ming Wang, Shu-Mei Lin, Qing Xie, Chen Pan, Lan-Juan Li
BACKGROUND: Plasma exchange (PE)-centered artificial liver support system reduced the high mortality rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). But the data were diverse in different medical centers. The present prospective nationwide study was to evaluate the effects of PE on patients with HBV-ACLF at different stages. METHODS: From December 2009 to December 2011, we evaluated 250 patients at different stages of HBV-ACLF from 10 major medical centers in China...
June 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
P Donnarumma, F Presaghi, R Tarantino, M Fragale, M Rullo, R Delfini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of pelvic balance, physical activity, and fear-avoidance in a cohort of patients undergoing decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study includes consecutive patients undergoing decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar stenosis by one main surgeon from January 2014 to January 2015. Patients were interviewed by a psychologist and underwent standing whole spine X-ray...
June 7, 2016: European Spine Journal
Marie Louise Rimestad, Rikke Lambek, Helene Zacher Christiansen, Esben Hougaard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to synthesize the evidence of parent training (PT) as an early intervention for preschool children aged 2.5 to 6 years with ADHD or ADHD symptoms. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Sixteen studies including 1,003 children were analyzed. Parent-rated outcomes revealed moderate effect sizes (ESs; Hedges' g) of 0.51 for ADHD symptoms, 0.4 for conduct problems, and 0.63 for negative parenting...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Kirsten Maertens, Raïssa Nadège Caboré, Kris Huygen, Sandra Vermeiren, Niel Hens, Pierre Van Damme, Elke Leuridan
Vaccination of pregnant women with a pertussis containing vaccine is a recommended strategy in some industrialized countries, to protect young infants from severe disease. One of the effects of the presence of high titers of passively acquired maternal antibodies in young infants is blunting of immune responses to infant vaccination. We present infant immune responses to a fourth pertussis containing vaccine dose at 15 months of age, as a follow-up of previously presented data. In a prospective cohort study, women were either vaccinated with an acellular pertussis vaccine (Boostrix(®)) during pregnancy (vaccine group) or received no vaccine (control group)...
June 30, 2016: Vaccine
Madison A Naidu, Ruth Muljadi, Miranda L Davies-Tuck, Euan M Wallace, Michelle L Giles
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing incidence of pertussis infection in infants too young to be adequately protected via vaccination. Maternal pertussis vaccination during the third trimester of pregnancy is a new strategy to provide protection to newborn infants. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the optimal gestational window for vaccination in the third trimester. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study recruited 3 groups of women: an early vaccination group, vaccinated between 28-32 weeks' gestation; a late vaccination group, vaccinated between 33-36 weeks' gestation; and an unvaccinated control group...
August 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Türkay Akbaş, Oğuzhan Deyneli, Firuze Turan Sönmez, Sema Akalın
INTRODUCTION: The normal circadian rhythm of hormones in critical patients becomes chaotic causing some hormones to increase and others to decrease abnormally. The goal of this study is to evaluate hormonal changes in severely ill patients and to investigate the relationship between hormonal changes and mortality and morbidity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 20 patients (10 F/10 M). Blood samples were collected on day 0, day 5, and day 10. If a patient was discharged before these defined days, a sample was drawn on that day...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
Norichika Iwashiro, Shinsuke Koike, Yoshihiro Satomura, Motomu Suga, Tatsuya Nagai, Tatsunobu Natsubori, Mariko Tada, Wataru Gonoi, Ryu Takizawa, Akira Kunimatsu, Hidenori Yamasue, Kiyoto Kasai
Recent studies have suggested that functional abnormalities in Broca's area, which is important in language production (speech and thoughts before speech), play an important role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. While multi-modal approaches have proved useful in revealing the specific pathophysiology of psychosis, the association of functional abnormalities with gray matter volume (GMV) here in subjects with an ultra-high risk (UHR) of schizophrenia, those with first-episode schizophrenia (FES), and healthy controls has yet to be clarified...
April 2016: Schizophrenia Research
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